Results for 'Fred A. Keijzer'

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  1.  44
    Behavioral Systems Interpreted as Autonomous Agents and as Coupled Dynamical Systems: A Criticism.Fred A. Keijzer & Sacha Bem - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9 (3):323-46.
    Cognitive science's basic premises are under attack. In particular, its focus on internal cognitive processes is a target. Intelligence is increasingly interpreted, not as a matter of reclusive thought, but as successful agent-environment interaction. The critics claim that a major reorientation of the field is necessary. However, this will only occur when there is a distinct alternative conceptual framework to replace the old one. Whether or not a serious alternative is provided is not clear. Among the critics there is some (...)
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  2. Doing Without Representations Which Specify What to Do.Fred A. Keijzer - 1998 - Philosophical Psychology 11 (3):269-302.
    A discussion is going on in cognitive science about the use of representations to explain how intelligent behavior is generated. In the traditional view, an organism is thought to incorporate representations. These provide an internal model that is used by the organism to instruct the motor apparatus so that the adaptive and anticipatory characteristics of behavior come about. So-called interactionists claim that this representational specification of behavior raises more problems than it solves. In their view, the notion of internal representational (...)
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  3.  55
    The Dynamics of What?Fred A. Keijzer, Sacha Ben & Lex van der Heijden - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):644-645.
    Van Gelder presents the distinction between dynamical systems and digital computers as the core issue of current developments in cognitive science. We think this distinction is much less important than a reassessment of cognition as a neurally, bodily, and environmentally embedded process. Embedded cognition lines up naturally with dynamical models, but it would also stand if combined with classic computation.
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  4.  16
    Modeling Human Experience?!Fred A. Keijzer - 2000 - Philosophical Psychology 13 (2):239 – 245.
    Borrett, Kelly and Kwan claim to provide neural-network models of important aspects of subjective human experience. To sidestep the long-standing and assumedly insurmountable problems with providing models of inner experience, they turn to a body-centered interpretation of experience, drawn from the work of Merleau-Ponty. This body-centered interpretation makes experience more tractable by linking it closely with bodily movement. However, when it comes to modeling, Borrett et al. ignore this body-centered interpretation and revert back to the traditional view of inner experience (...)
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  5.  16
    The Animal Sensorimotor Organization: A Challenge for the Environmental Complexity Thesis.Fred Keijzer & Argyris Arnellos - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (3):421-441.
    Godfrey-Smith’s environmental complexity thesis is most often applied to multicellular animals and the complexity of their macroscopic environments to explain how cognition evolved. We think that the ECT may be less suited to explain the origins of the animal bodily organization, including this organization’s potentiality for dealing with complex macroscopic environments. We argue that acquiring the fundamental sensorimotor features of the animal body may be better explained as a consequence of dealing with internal bodily—rather than environmental complexity. To press and (...)
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  6.  19
    Is “the Brain” a Helpful Metaphor for Neuroscience?Fred Keijzer - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    Brette criticizes the notion of neural coding as used in neuroscience as a way to clarify the causal structure of the brain. This criticism will be positioned in a wider range of findings and ideas from other branches of neuroscience and biology. While supporting Brette's critique, these findings also suggest the need for more radical changes in neuroscience than Brette envisions.
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  7.  5
    Differentiating Animality From Agency Towards a Foundation for Cognition.Fred Keijzer - unknown
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  8. Toward a Developmental Theory of Meaning: Grounding Mental Representations in Cognitive Science. [REVIEW]Fred Keijzer - 2003 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 4.
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  9.  33
    The Foundational Problem for Cognition.Fred Keijzer & Pamela Christine Lyon - unknown
    What is cognition? Despite the existence of a science of cognition there is no clear agreement on what makes certain phenomena cognitive, and others not. Within cognitivism the issue was neglected. Human intelligence was used as a standard, and any process—natural or artificial—that fitted this standard sufficiently could be considered ‘cognitive’. For post-cognitivist psychology the situation is different. It cannot rely on the ‘human standard’ in the same way. One might even say that the need for a post-cognitivist psychology arose (...)
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  10.  18
    Evolution in Action in Perception. A Review of Alva Noë's Action in Perception. Keijzer, F. A. - unknown
    A review of Alva Noë’s Action in perception.
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  11.  40
    Moving and Sensing Without Input and Output: Early Nervous Systems and the Origins of the Animal Sensorimotor Organization.Fred Keijzer - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (3):311-331.
    It remains a standing problem how and why the first nervous systems evolved. Molecular and genomic information is now rapidly accumulating but the macroscopic organization and functioning of early nervous systems remains unclear. To explore potential evolutionary options, a coordination centered view is discussed that diverges from a standard input–output view on early nervous systems. The scenario involved, the skin brain thesis, stresses the need to coordinate muscle-based motility at a very early stage. This paper addresses how this scenario with (...)
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  12.  50
    The Sphex Story: How the Cognitive Sciences Kept Repeating an Old and Questionable Anecdote.Fred Keijzer - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (4):502-519.
    The Sphex story is an anecdote about a female digger wasp that at first sight seems to act quite intelligently, but subsequently is shown to be a mere automaton that can be made to repeat herself endlessly. Dennett and Hofstadter made this story well known and widely influential within the cognitive sciences, where it is regularly used as evidence that insect behavior is highly rigid. The present paper discusses the origin and subsequent empirical investigation of the repetition reported in the (...)
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  13.  32
    Workspace and Sensorimotor Theories: Complementary Approaches to Experience.Jan Degenaar & Fred Keijzer - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (9):77-102.
    A serious difficulty for theories of consciousness is to go beyond mere correlation between physical processes and experience. Currently, neural workspace and sensorimotor contingency theories are two of the most promising approaches to make any headway here. This paper explores the relation between these two sets of theories. Workspace theories build on large-scale activity within the brain. Sensorimotor theories include external processes in their explanations, stressing the sensorimotor contingencies that arise from our interaction with the environment. Despite the basic differences, (...)
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  14.  23
    Robotics, Biological Grounding and the Fregean Tradition.Marti Hooijmans & Fred Keijzer - 2007 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 15 (3):515-546.
    Dynamic, embodied and situated cognition set up organism-environment interaction — agency for short — as the core of cognitive systems. Robotics became an important way to study this behavioral kernel of cognition. In this paper, we discuss the implications of what we call the biological grounding problem for robotic studies: Natural and artificial agents are hugely different and it will be necessary to articulate what must be replicated by artificial agents such as robots. Interestingly, once this issue is explicitly raised, (...)
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  15. Theoretical Behaviorism Meets Embodied Cognition: Two Theoretical Analyses of Behavior.Fred Keijzer - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):123-143.
    This paper aims to do three things: First, to provide a review of John Staddon's book Adaptive dynamics: The theoretical analysis of behavior. Second, to compare Staddon's behaviorist view with current ideas on embodied cognition. Third, to use this comparison to explicate some outlines for a theoretical analysis of behavior that could be useful as a behavioral foundation for cognitive phenomena. Staddon earlier defended a theoretical behaviorism, which allows internal states in its models but keeps these to a minimum while (...)
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  16.  4
    [Book Review] Confrontations with the Reaper, a Philosophical Study of the Nature and Value of Death. [REVIEW]Feldman Fred - 1994 - In Peter Singer (ed.), Noûs. Oxford University Press. pp. 104--4.
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  17. Putnam's Views About A Priori Knowledge and Revision.Ivette Fred - 2000 - Diálogos. Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 35 (75):123-144.
     
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  18.  61
    Cognition in Plants. Calvo, P. & Keijzer, F. A. - unknown
    To what extent can plants be considered cognitive from the perspective of embodied cognition? Cognition is interpreted very broadly within embodied cognition, and the current evidence for plant intelligence might find an important theoretical background here. However, embodied cognition does stress the presence of animal-like perception-action coupling as a key feature for cognitive systems to arise. In this paper, we discuss whether, or to what extent, plants may qualify as cognitive systems, given this criterion.
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  19.  30
    The Human Stain: Why Cognitivism Can't Tell Us What Cognition is & What It Does. Lyon, P. & Keijzer, F. A. - unknown
    What is cognition? It is now common knowledge that, so far, no one has a ready answer. It is much less generally acknowledged that this is a matter of strong concern when it comes to the further development of the cognitive sciences. We discuss how cognitivism provided a strongly human orientation on cognition, which hindered the development of the standard piecemeal approach, which has been so extremely successful in the biological sciences more generally: first study simple cases and then move (...)
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  20.  19
    Embodied Cognition Meets Theoretical Behaviorism: Two Theoretical Analyses of Behavior. Keijzer, F. A. - unknown
    John Staddon wrote a book Adaptive dynamics (2001), which explicated his theoretical behaviorism. In this review essay, I compare his theoretical behaviorism with embodied cognition, which also has a strong focus on behavior and also remains critical of mentalistic mechanisms for explaining it.
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  21.  21
    Principles of Minimal Cognition. Casting Cognition as Sensorimotor Coordination. Duijn, Marc van, Keijzer, F. A. & Franken, Daan - unknown
    We investigate the notion of minimal cognition, and claim that this notion already applies to bacterial behavior. On the basis of the example of E. coli, we argue that the basis of cognition can be profitably cast as sensorimotor coordinations which subserve the metabolic requirements of organisms.
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  22. Embedded Cognition and Mental Causation: Setting Empirical Bounds on Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Fred Keijzer & Maurice Schouten - 2007 - Synthese 158 (1):109 - 125.
    We argue that embedded cognition provides an argument against Jaegwon Kim’s neural reduction of mental causation. Because some mental, or at least psychological processes have to be cast in an externalist way, Kim’s argument can be said to lead to the conclusion that mental causation is as safe as any other form of higher-level of causation.
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  23.  54
    Evolution in Action in Perception.Fred Keijzer - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (4):519 – 529.
  24. Pragmatism and Purpose Essays Presented to Thomas A. Goudge /Edited by L.W. Sumner, John G. Slater, Fred Wilson. --. --.Thomas A. Goudge, John G. Slater, Fred Wilson & L. W. Sumner - 1981
     
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  25.  73
    In Defence of Embodied Cognition: A Reply to Fred Adams.Christopher Letheby - 2012 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):403-414.
    Fred Adams : 619–628, 2010) criticizes the theory of embodied cognition which holds that conceptual and linguistic thought is grounded in the brain’s perceptual and sensorimotor systems. Among other things, Adams claims that: EC is potentially committed to an implausible criterion of sentence meaningfulness; EC lacks claimed advantages over rival accounts of conceptual thought; relevant experimental data do not show constitutive, but only causal, involvement of perception in conception; and EC cannot account for the comprehension of abstract concepts. I (...)
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  26.  66
    Deflating Consciousness: A Critical Review of Fred Dretske's Naturalizing the Mind.Paul Sheldon Davies - 1997 - Philosophical Psychology 10 (4):541-550.
    Fred Dretske asserts that the conscious or phenomenal experiences associated with our perceptual states—e.g. the qualitative or subjective features involved in visual or auditory states—are identical to properties that things have according to our representations of them. This is Dretske's version of the currently popular representational theory of consciousness . After explicating the core of Dretske's representational thesis, I offer two criticisms. I suggest that Dretske's view fails to apply to a broad range of mental phenomena that have rather (...)
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  27.  11
    Fred Dallmayr’s Postmodern Vision of Confucian Democracy: A Critical Examination.Sungmoon Kim - 2018 - Asian Philosophy 28 (1):35-54.
    As an advocate of ‘comparative political theory,’ Fred Dallmayr has long engaged with Confucianism with a new vision for democracy suitable in East Asia but little attention has been paid to his idea of Confucian democracy, which he presents as a specific mode of ethical or relational democracy. This paper investigates Dallmayr’s ethical vision of Confucian democracy, first, by articulating his postmodern reconceptualization of democracy in terms of post-humanism and, second, by examining his post-humanist reevaluation of Confucian virtue ethics (...)
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  28.  16
    History of Medicine; A Correlative Text Arranged According to Subjects by Cecilia C. Mettler; Fred A. Mettler. [REVIEW]J. De C. M. Saunders - 1949 - Isis 40:88-90.
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  29.  82
    Color, Content, and Fred: On a Proposed Reductio of the Inverted Spectrum Hypothesis.Jonathan Cohen - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 103 (2):121-144.
  30. Understanding Action in Perception: Replies to Hickerson and Keijzer.Alva Noë - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (4):531 – 538.
    In this short essay I respond to the criticism of Action in Perception (2004) advanced by Ryan Hickerson and Fred Keijzer. In particular, I provide a brief precis of the main argument of Action in Perception. I seek to clarify the claims made in the book about the relation between perception and action, the importance of sensorimotor knowledge. I discuss the problem of "sensorimotor chauvinism," that of the "ping-pong playing robot," and the problem of perceptual presence.
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  31.  41
    Toward a Philosophy of Systems Biology: Systems Biology: Philosophical Foundations, Fred C. Boogerd , Frank J. Bruggeman , Jan-Hendrik S. Hofmeyr , and Hans V. Westerhoff , Eds. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2007, (360 Pp; €99.95 Hbk; ISBN 978-0-444-52085-2).Jonathan F. Davies & Maureen A. O'Malley - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (4):420-422.
  32.  22
    Book Review:The Foundations of a More Stable World Order Ferdinand Schevill, Jacob Viner, Charles C. Colby, Quincy Wright, J. Fred Rippy, Walter H. C. Laves. [REVIEW]Harold A. Larrabee - 1941 - Ethics 51 (4):487-.
  33. The Philosophic Impulse a Contemporary Introduction. [Compiled by] Fred J. Abbate.Fred J. Abbate - 1972
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  34. Desires as Reasons--Discussion Notes on Fred Dretske's Explaining Behavior: Reasons in a World of Causes.Dennis W. Stampe - 1990 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (4):787-793.
  35.  38
    Daniel Lascar. Stabilité En Théorie des Modèles. French Original of the Preceding. Monographies de Mathèmatique, No. 2. Institut de Mathématique Pure Et Appliquée, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve1986, 231 Pp. - Ray Mines, Fred Richman, and Wim Ruitenburg. A Course in Constructive Algebra. Universitext. Springer-Verlag, New York, Berlin, Heidelberg, Etc., 1988, Xi + 344 Pp. [REVIEW]Philip Scowcroft - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (2):883-886.
  36.  29
    Jack Silver. On the Singular Cardinals Problem. Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians, Vancouver 1974, Vol. 1, Canadian Mathematical Congress, Montreal1975, Pp. 265–268. - Fred Galvin and András Hajnal. Inequalities for Cardinal Powers. Annals of Mathematics, Ser. 2 Vol. 101 , Pp. 491–498. - Keith J. Devlin and R. B. Jensen. Marginalia to a Theorem of Silver. ISILC Logic Conference, Proceedings of the International Summer Institute and Logic Colloquium, Kiel 1974, Edited by G. H. Müller, A. Obsrschelp, and K. Potthoff, Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Vol. 499, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York, 1975, Pp. 115–142. - Menachem Maoidor. On the Singular Cardinals Problem I. Israel Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 28 , Pp. 1–31. - Menachem Magidor. On the Singular Cardinals Problem II. Annals of Mathematics, Ser. 2 Vol. 106 , Pp. 517–547. [REVIEW]Akihiro Kanamori - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (4):864-866.
  37. C. Fred Alford, The Self in Social Theory. A Psychoanalytic Account of its Construction. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1991. Kenneth Gergen, The Saturated Self. Dilemmas of Identity in Contemporary Life. New York: Basic Books, 1991. Anthony Paul Kerby, Narrative and the Self. Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1991. Charles Taylor, Sources of the Self. The Making of the Modern Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Paperback, 1992. [REVIEW]John-Raphael Staude - 1994 - History of the Human Sciences 7 (2):141-149.
  38.  26
    Fred Sommers. Types and Ontology. The Philosophical Review, Vol. 72 , Pp. 327–363. - John O. Nelson. On Sommers' Reinstatement of Russell's Ontological Program. The Philosophical Review, Vol. 73 , Pp. 517–521. - Fred Sommers. A Program for Coherence. The Philosophical Review, Vol. 73 , Pp. 522–527. - Ronald Bon De Sousa. The Tree of English Bears Bitter Fruit. The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 63 , Pp. 37–46. [REVIEW]Jonathan Bennett - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):406-408.
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  39.  19
    Fred J. Sansone. A Mapping of Regressive Isols. Illinois Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 9 , Pp. 726–735.Louise Hay - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (1):114.
  40.  18
    Fred Appenzeller. An Independence Result in Quadratic Form Theory: Infinitary Combinatorics Applied to Ε-Hermitian Spaces. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 54 , Pp. 689–699. - Otmar Spinas. Linear Topologies on Sesquilinear Spaces of Uncountable Dimension. Fundamenta Mathematicae, Vol. 139 , Pp. 119–132. - James E. Baumgartner, Matthew Foreman, and Otmar Spinas. The Spectrum of the Γ-Invariant of a Bilinear Space. Journal of Algebra, Vol. 189 , Pp. 406–418. - James E. Baumgartner and Otmar Spinas. Independence and Consistency Proofs in Quadratic Form Theory. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 56 , Pp. 1195–1211. - Otmar Spinas. Iterated Forcing in Quadratic Form Theory. Israel Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 79 , Pp. 297–315. - Otmar Spinas. Cardinal Invariants and Quadratic Forms. Set Theory of the Reals, Edited by Haim Judah, Israel Mathematical Conference Proceedings, Vol. 6, Gelbart Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 1993, Distributed by T. [REVIEW]Paul C. Eklof - 2001 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 7 (2):285-286.
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  41.  32
    The Fred Astaire & Ginger Rogers BookTheatre Research Studies IIAt the Vanishing Point: A Critic Looks at Dance.Selma Jeanne Cohen, Arlene Croce, Svend Kragh-Jacobsen, Erik Aschengreen, Allan Fridericia, Nils Schiorring, Viben Bech, Sidsel Jacobsen & Marcia B. Siegel - 1974 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 32 (4):573.
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  42.  12
    Haim Gaifman. Models and Types of Peano's Arithmetic. Annals of Mathematical Logic, Vol. 9, Pp. 223–306. - Julia F. Knight. Omitting Types in Set Theory and Arithmetic. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 41 , Pp. 25–32. - Julia F. Knight. Hanf Numbers for Omitting Types Over Particular Theories. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 41 , Pp. 583–588. - Fred G. Abramson and Leo A. Harrington. Models Without Indiscernibles. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 41 , Vol. 43 , Pp. 572–600. [REVIEW]J. P. Ressayre - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):484-485.
  43.  33
    Abortion: A Case Study in Law and Morals. Fred M. Frohock.Judith Wagner DeCew - 1985 - Ethics 95 (2):375-376.
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  44.  85
    Political Liberalism and the Good Life: Fred Dallmayr, In Search of the Good Life: A Pedagogy for Troubled Times (Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 2007).D. M. Rasmussen - 2009 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (9):1119-1125.
  45.  33
    Moral Obligation, Circumstances, and Deontic Foci (a Rejoinder to Fred Feldman).Hector -Neri Castañeda - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 57 (2):157 - 174.
  46.  29
    Dallmayr, Fred, "Between Freiburg and Frankfurt: Toward a Critical Ontology". [REVIEW]Jane Braaten - 1993 - International Philosophical Quarterly 33:246-249.
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  47.  27
    Moral Obligation, Circumstances, and Deontic Foci (A Rejoinder to Fred Feldman).Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 57 (2):157 - 174.
  48.  57
    A Feeling for the Future: The Process of Change as Explored by Fred. L. Polak and Barbara McClintock.Henriette Kelker - 1996 - Zygon 31 (2):365-376.
  49.  47
    Sellars' Behaviourism: A Reply to Fred Wilson.Ausonio Marras - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 30 (December):413-418.
  50.  24
    Reviews - Fred Sommers. The Ordinary Language Tree. Mind, N.S. Vol. 68 , Pp. 160–185. - Fred Sommers. Predicability. Philosophy in America, Edited by Max Black, Cornell University Press, Ithaca1965, Pp. 262–281. - L. R. Reinhardt. Dualism and Categories. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, N.S. Vol. 66 , Pp. 71–92. - David Massie. Sommers' Tree Theory, a Reply to de Sousa. The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 64 , Pp. 185–193. - Susan Haack. Equivocality, a Discussion of Sommers' Views. Analysis , Vol. 28 No. 5 , Pp. 159–165. - R. Van Straaten. Sommers' Rule and Equivocality. Analysis , Vol. 29 No. 2 , Pp. 58–61. - Dan Passell. On Sommers' Logic of Sense and Nonsense. Mind, N.S. Vol. 78 , Pp. 132–133. - A. G. Elgood. Sommers' Rules of Sense. The Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 20 , Pp. 166–169. [REVIEW]Jonathan Bennett - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (4):666-670.
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