Results for 'Karina Vold'

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  1.  39
    Extended Mathematical Cognition: External Representations with Non-Derived Content.Karina Vold & Dirk Schlimm - forthcoming - Synthese:1-21.
    Vehicle externalism maintains that the vehicles of our mental representations can be located outside of the head, that is, they need not be instantiated by neurons located inside the brain of the cogniser. But some disagree, insisting that ‘non-derived’, or ‘original’, content is the mark of the cognitive and that only biologically instantiated representational vehicles can have non-derived content, while the contents of all extra-neural representational vehicles are derived and thus lie outside the scope of the cognitive. In this paper (...)
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  2.  22
    AI Extenders: The Ethical and Societal Implications of Humans Cognitively Extended by AI.Jose Hernandez-Orallo & Karina Vold - forthcoming - In Proceedings of the AAAI/ACM.
    Humans and AI systems are usually portrayed as separate sys- tems that we need to align in values and goals. However, there is a great deal of AI technology found in non-autonomous systems that are used as cognitive tools by humans. Under the extended mind thesis, the functional contributions of these tools become as essential to our cognition as our brains. But AI can take cognitive extension towards totally new capabil- ities, posing new philosophical, ethical and technical chal- lenges. To (...)
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  3.  12
    Overcoming Deadlock: Scientific and Ethical Reasons to Accept the Extended Mind Thesis.Karina Vold - 2018 - Philosophy and Society 29 (4):489-504.
    The extended mind thesis maintains that while minds may be centrally located in one’s brain-and-body, they are sometimes partly constituted by tools in our environment. Critics argue that we have no reason to move from the claim that cognition is embedded in the environment to the stronger claim that cognition can be constituted by the environment. I will argue that there are normative reasons, both scientific and ethical, for preferring the extended account of the mind to the rival embedded account.
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  4.  21
    The Motivations and Risks of Machine Ethics.Karina Vold, Stephen Cave, Rune Nyrup & Adrian Weller - forthcoming - Proceedings of the IEEE.
    Many authors have proposed constraining the behaviour of intelligent systems with ‘machine ethics’ to ensure positive social outcomes from the development of such systems. This paper critically analyses the prospects for machine ethics, identifying several inherent limitations. While machine ethics may increase the probability of ethical behaviour in some situations, it cannot guarantee it due to the nature of ethics, the computational limitations of computational agents and the complexity of the world. In addition, machine ethics, even if it were to (...)
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  5.  26
    The Facets of Artificial Intelligence: A Framework to Track the Evolution of AI.Fernando Martínez-Plumed, Bao Sheng Loe, Peter Flach, Sean O. O. HEigeartaigh, Karina Vold & José Hernández-Orallo - 2018 - In Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence Evolution of the contours of AI. pp. 5180-5187.
    We present nine facets for the analysis of the past and future evolution of AI. Each facet has also a set of edges that can summarise different trends and contours in AI. With them, we first conduct a quantitative analysis using the information from two decades of AAAI/IJCAI conferences and around 50 years of documents from AI topics, an official database from the AAAI, illustrated by several plots. We then perform a qualitative analysis using the facets and edges, locating AI (...)
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  6.  8
    Overcoming Deadlock: Scientific and Ethical Reasons to Embrace the Extended Mind Thesis.Karina Vold - 2018 - Filozofija I Društvo 29 (4):489-504.
    The extended mind thesis maintains that while minds may be centrallylocated in one’s brain-and-body, they are sometimes partly constitutedby tools in our environment. Critics argue that we have no reason tomove from the claim that cognition is embedded in the environment tothe stronger claim that cognition can be constituted by the environment.I will argue that there are normative reasons, both scientific and ethical,for preferring the extended account of the mind to the rival embeddedaccount.
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  7.  18
    Are ‘You’ Just Inside Your Skin or is Your Smartphone Part of You?Karina Vold - 2018 - Aeon Magazine.
    Your smartphone is much more than just a phone. It can tell a more intimate story about you than your best friend. No other piece of hardware in history, not even your brain, contains the quality or quantity of information held on your phone: it ‘knows’ whom you speak to, when you speak to them, what you said, where you have been, your purchases, photos, biometric data, even your notes to yourself – and all this dating back years. In this (...)
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  8. The Parity Argument for Extended Consciousness.Karina Vold - 2015 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 22 (3-4):16-33.
    Andy Clark and David Chalmers (1998) argue that certain mental states and processes can be partially constituted by objects located beyond one’s brain and body: this is their extended mind thesis (EM). But they maintain that consciousness relies on processing that is too high in speed and bandwidth to be realized outside the body (see Chalmers, 2008, and Clark, 2009). I evaluate Clark’s and Chalmers’ reason for denying that consciousness extends while still supporting unconscious state extension. I argue that their (...)
     
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  9.  13
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Donald B. Cochrane, Richard L. Hopkins, Harold J. Franz, Richard L. Warren, Emma M. Cappelluzzo, Richard C. Alterman, Joseph L. Devitis, Gary D. Fenstermacher, David J. Vold & John R. Thelin - 1983 - Educational Studies 14 (4):364-399.
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  10.  6
    Evolution and the Fundamentalist Critique: Contributions to Educational Philosophy.David J. Vold - 1985 - Educational Theory 35 (2):161-173.
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  11.  4
    A Case for Religion in the Public Schools.David J. Vold - 1974 - Educational Theory 24 (1):99-109.
  12.  2
    The Limits of the Pain Principle for Moral Decision-Making.David J. Vold - 1981 - Educational Studies 12 (3):243-249.
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  13. Einige Experimente Uber Gesichtsbilder Im Traum.J. M. Vold - 1897 - Philosophical Review 6:553.
     
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  14. Jagttagelser om drómme, sarlig om drómme af mushular og optish oprindelse.J. Mourly Vold - 1896 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 42:542-544.
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  15. Ueber « Hallucinationen », vorzuglich « Gesichts-Hallucinationen », auf der Grundlage von cutan-motorischen Zustandex und auf derjenigen von vergangenem Gesichts-Eindrucken. Separat-Abdruck aus der « Zeitschrift fur Psychiatric ». Bd. 57. [REVIEW]J. Mourly Vold - 1902 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 53:211-212.
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  16.  22
    Roger Schwarzschild and Karina Wilkinson.Specificational Pseudoclefts, Barbara Abbott & Donkey Demonstratives - 2002 - Natural Language Semantics 10 (305).
  17.  18
    Daniel Rothbart and Karina V. Korostelina, Why They Die: Civilian Devastation in Violent Conflict. Himes - 2012 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 22 (1):140-143.
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  18.  1
    Schopenhauer, Arthur. Fragmentos Sobre a História da Filosofia. Tradução de Karina Jannini, Prefácio de Jair Barboza. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2007. [REVIEW]Vilmar Debona - 2007 - Revista de Filosofia Aurora 19 (25):375.
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  19.  1
    Karina F. Attar and Lynn Shutters, Eds., Teaching Medieval and Early Modern Cross-Cultural Encounters. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. Pp. Xxiv, 253; 7 Black-and-White Figures. $90. ISBN: 978-1-137-48133-7.Table of Contents Available Online at Http://Www.Palgrave.Com/Us/Book/9781137481337. [REVIEW]Maya Soifer Irish - 2016 - Speculum 91 (4):1066-1067.
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  20. How We Talk About Amount', Paper Presented at the University of Southern California Linguistic Colloquium. And Karina Wilkinson.(2002).'Quantifiers in Comparatives: A Semantics of Degree Based on Intervals'. [REVIEW]Roger Schwarzschild - 2001 - Natural Language Semantics 10:1-41.
     
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  21. VOLD, J. MOURLY.-Über den Traum: Experimental-Psychologische Untersuchungen. [REVIEW]H. J. Watt - 1911 - Mind 20:288.
     
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  22.  12
    “Bouba” and “Kiki” in Namibia? A Remote Culture Make Similar Shape–Sound Matches, but Different Shape–Taste Matches to Westerners.Andrew J. Bremner, Serge Caparos, Jules Davidoff, Jan de Fockert, Karina J. Linnell & Charles Spence - 2013 - Cognition 126 (2):165-172.
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  23.  80
    Quantifiers in Comparatives: A Semantics of Degree Based on Intervals. [REVIEW]Roger Schwarzschild & Karina Wilkinson - 2002 - Natural Language Semantics 10 (1):1-41.
    The sentence Irving was closer to me than he was to most of the others contains a quantifier, most of the other, in the scope a comparative. The first part of this paper explains the challenges presented by such cases to existing approaches to the semantics of the comparative. The second part presents a new analysis of comparatives based on intervals rather than points on a scale. This innovation is analogized to the move from moments to intervals in tense semantics. (...)
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  24.  20
    Plagiarism Allegations Account for Most Retractions in Major Latin American/Caribbean Databases.Renan Moritz V. R. Almeida, Karina de Albuquerque Rocha, Fernanda Catelani, Aldo José Fontes-Pereira & Sonia M. R. Vasconcelos - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    This study focuses on retraction notices from two major Latin American/Caribbean indexing databases: SciELO and LILACS. SciELO includes open scientific journals published mostly in Latin America/the Caribbean, from which 10 % are also indexed by Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge Journal of Citation Reports. LILACS has a similar geographical coverage and includes dissertations and conference/symposia proceedings, but it is limited to publications in the health sciences. A search for retraction notices was performed in these two databases using the keywords “retracted”, (...)
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  25.  5
    What Do Verbal Fluency Tasks Measure? Predictors of Verbal Fluency Performance in Older Adults.Zeshu Shao, Esther Janse, Karina Visser & Antje S. Meyer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  26.  18
    Plagiarism Allegations Account for Most Retractions in Major Latin American/Caribbean Databases.Renan Moritz V. R. Almeida, Karina de Albuquerque Rocha, Fernanda Catelani, Aldo José Fontes-Pereira & Sonia M. R. Vasconcelos - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (5):1447-1456.
    This study focuses on retraction notices from two major Latin American/Caribbean indexing databases: SciELO and LILACS. SciELO includes open scientific journals published mostly in Latin America/the Caribbean, from which 10 % are also indexed by Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge Journal of Citation Reports. LILACS has a similar geographical coverage and includes dissertations and conference/symposia proceedings, but it is limited to publications in the health sciences. A search for retraction notices was performed in these two databases using the keywords “retracted”, (...)
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  27.  17
    Exposure to an Urban Environment Alters the Local Bias of a Remote Culture.Serge Caparos, Lubna Ahmed, Andrew J. Bremner, Jan W. de Fockert, Karina J. Linnell & Jules Davidoff - 2012 - Cognition 122 (1):80-85.
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  28.  26
    Multiple Kernel Contraction.Eduardo Fermé, Karina Saez & Pablo Sanz - 2003 - Studia Logica 73 (2):183 - 195.
    This paper focuses on the extension of AGM that allows change for a belief base by a set of sentences instead of a single sentence. In [FH94], Fuhrmann and Hansson presented an axiomatic for Multiple Contraction and a construction based on the AGM Partial Meet Contraction. We propose for their model another way to construct functions: Multiple Kernel Contraction, that is a modification of Kernel Contraction, proposed by Hansson [Han94] to construct classical AGM contractions and belief base contractions. This construction (...)
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  29. Ubuntu Como uma Teoria Moral e os Direitos Humanos na África do Sul.Thaddeus Metz - 2016 - Revista Culturas Jurídicas 3 (5):1-33.
    Portuguese translation by Jean-Bosco Kakozi and Karina Macedo Fernandes of 'Ubuntu as a Moral Theory and Human Rights in South Africa', which first appeared in the African Human Rights Law Journal (2011).
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  30.  14
    The Scope of Even.Karina Wilkinson - 1996 - Natural Language Semantics 4 (3):193-215.
    This paper is about even in downward entailing contexts. Karttunen and Peters (1979) have shown that there are two different sets of implicatures of even in such contexts. They argue that the two sets of implicatures are derived by allowing even to take scope either higher or lower than a negative polarity licenser. Rooth (1985) argues that even is lexically ambiguous, that is, there is a negative polarity even. I argue against Rooth's ambiguity theory and show that within Rooth's theory (...)
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  31.  2
    Confidence—More a Personality or Ability Trait? It Depends on How It Is Measured: A Comparison of Young and Older Adults.Karina M. Burns, Nicholas R. Burns & Lynn Ward - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  32.  14
    A Cognitive Neuroscience Approach to Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Phobia.Karina S. Blair & R. J. R. Blair - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (2):133-138.
  33.  45
    Diagnosing Medication Non-Adherence in a Patient with Myocardial Infarction.Siqin Ye, David J. Krupka & Karina W. Davidson - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  34.  14
    Is My Boss Really Listening to Me? The Impact of Perceived Supervisor Listening on Emotional Exhaustion, Turnover Intention, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior.Karina J. Lloyd, Diana Boer, Joshua W. Keller & Sven Voelpel - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (3):509-524.
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  35.  4
    CEO Bright and Dark Personality: Effects on Ethical Misconduct.James R. Van Scotter & Karina De Déa Roglio - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-25.
    In recent years, misconduct by CEOs has led to firings, scandals, and financial losses for companies. Our study explores personality antecedents of CEO misconduct using Five-Factor Model personality traits and personality disorder profile similarity indices. The sample of 259 CEOs used in the analysis includes CEOs who were involved in well-publicized misconduct scandals as well as CEOs who had no misconduct scandals. Teams of trained raters measured CEO personality using psychometric personality rating scales and video-based assessment methods. Logistic regression results (...)
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  36.  2
    Multiple Kernel Contraction.Eduardo Fermé, Karina Saez & Pablo Sanz - 2003 - Studia Logica 73 (2):183-195.
    This paper focuses on the extension of AGM that allows change for a belief base by a set of sentences instead of a single sentence. In [FH94], Fuhrmann and Hansson presented an axiomatic for Multiple Contraction and a construction based on the AGM Partial Meet Contraction. We propose for their model another way to construct functions: Multiple Kernel Contraction, that is a modification of Kernel Contraction, proposed by Hansson [Han94] to construct classical AGM contractions and belief base contractions. This construction (...)
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  37.  2
    Perceptual Load and Early Selection: An Effect of Attentional Engagement?Karina Linnell - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  38.  3
    Models, Theory Structure and Mechanisms in Biochemistry: The Case of Allosterism.Karina Alleva, José Díez & Lucia Federico - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 63:1-14.
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  39.  13
    Zur Möglichkeit einer kulturübergreifenden Bioethik.Annette Schulz-Baldes & Anna-Karina Jakovljevic - 2006 - Ethik in der Medizin 18 (3):261-266.
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  40.  14
    Zur Möglichkeit einer kulturübergreifenden Bioethik.Dr med Annette Schulz-Baldes & Anna-Karina Jakovljevic - 2006 - Ethik in der Medizin 18 (3):261-266.
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  41.  41
    Empathy: A Unitary Circuit or a Set of Dissociable Neuro-Cognitive Systems?James R. Blair & Karina S. Perschardt - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):27-28.
    We question whether empathy is mediated by a unitary circuit. We argue that recent neuroimaging data indicate dissociable neural responses for different facial expressions as well as for representing others' mental states (Theory of Mind, TOM). We also argue that the general empathy disorder considered characteristic of autism and psychopathy is not general but specific for each disorder.
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  42.  7
    Compliance with National Ethics Requirements for Human-Subject Research in Non-Biomedical Sciences in Brazil: A Changing Culture?Karina de Albuquerque Rocha & Sonia M. R. Vasconcelos - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    Ethics regulation for human-subject research has been established for about 20 years in Brazil. However, compliance with this regulation is controversial for non-biomedical sciences, particularly for human and social sciences, the source of a recent debate at the National Commission for Research Ethics. We hypothesized that for these fields, formal requirements for compliance with HSR regulation in graduate programs, responsible for the greatest share of Brazilian science, would be small in number. We analyzed institutional documents from 171 graduate programs at (...)
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  43.  29
    Physician-Assisted Suicide—Medical, Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications.Florian Braune & Anna-Karina Jakovljević - 2004 - Ethik in der Medizin 16 (4):420-423.
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  44.  7
    Conceptual Reconstruction and Epistemic Import: Allosteric Mechanistic Explanations as a Unified Theory-Net.Karina Alleva, José Díez & Federico - 2017 - Crítica. Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía 49 (146):5-36.
    The goal of this article is to show that formal analysis and reconstructions may be useful to discuss and shed light on substantive meta-theoretical issues. We proceed here by exemplification, analysing and reconstructing as a case study a paradigmatic biochemical theory, the Monod-Wyman-Changeux theory of allosterism, and applying the reconstruction to the discussion of some issues raised by prominent representatives of the new mechanist philosophy. We conclude that our study shows that at least in this case mechanicism and more traditional (...)
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  45.  3
    Unintended Messages: The Ethics of Teaching Genetic Dilemmas.Holly C. Gooding, Benjamin Wilfond, Karina Boehm & Barbara Bowles Biesecker - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (2):37-39.
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  46.  15
    Reseña de Conquistando el fin del mundo. La Misión La Candelaria y la salud de la población Selkman, Tierra del fuego 1895-1931 de Romina Casali. Prohistoria, Rosario, 2014, 260 páginas. [REVIEW]Karina Inés Ramacciotti - 2016 - Corpus 6 (1).
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  47.  20
    ¿ Pueden Los artefactos ser buenos O maLos? Un enfoque fiLosófico.Karina Silva García - 2011 - Theoría. Revista del Colegio de Filosofía 20 (1):43-50.
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  48.  21
    La normatividad de lo mental y el rol de la segunda persona. Tras las huellas de Donald Davidson.Karina Pedace - 2012 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 24 (1):109-152.
    “The Normativity of the Mental and the Role of the Second Person’s Standpoint. On Davidson’s Footsteps”. I offer in this paper an elucidation of the normativity of the mental in terms of the second person’s standpoint, with the hope of opening a conceptual horizon that will allow us to go beyond Donald Davidson. Aiming at this, the paper is structured as follows. In the first part I present Davidson’s original response to the mind/body problem and reconstruct his argument in favour (...)
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  49. Estructuras Fundamentales para la Creación del Programa de Formación y Capacitación en Gestión Local (PROFORGEL).Antonio Soto, Albino Piñeiro, Karina Soto & María Valente - 2002 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1 (6):55-68.
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  50.  16
    Internationale Konferenz „The Rights of Children in Medicine“, Göttingen 2008.Anna-Karina Jakovljević - 2009 - Ethik in der Medizin 21 (2):145-147.
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