Results for 'Malcolm Parker'

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  1.  28
    Shanachie and Norm.Malcolm Parker - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (2):215-216.
    Shanachie and Norm Content Type Journal Article Category Case Studies Pages 1-2 DOI 10.1007/s11673-012-9356-0 Authors Malcolm Parker, School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, 288 Herston Road, Herston, QLD 4006, Australia Journal Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Online ISSN 1872-4353 Print ISSN 1176-7529.
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  2.  92
    In That Case.Malcolm Parker - 2007 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (1):387-388.
    In that Case Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11673-010-9261-3 Authors Malcolm Parker, School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia Journal Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Online ISSN 1872-4353 Print ISSN 1176-7529.
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  3.  29
    Republication: In That Case. [REVIEW]Malcolm Parker - 2007 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (2):373-373.
    Republication: In That Case Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11673-010-9264-0 Authors Malcolm Parker, School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia Journal Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Online ISSN 1872-4353 Print ISSN 1176-7529.
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  4.  9
    Doctors’ Perceptions of How Resource Limitations Relate to Futility in End-of-Life Decision Making: A Qualitative Analysis.Eliana Close, Ben P. White, Lindy Willmott, Cindy Gallois, Malcolm Parker, Nicholas Graves & Sarah Winch - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (6):373-379.
    ObjectiveTo increase knowledge of how doctors perceive futile treatments and scarcity of resources at the end of life. In particular, their perceptions about whether and how resource limitations influence end-of-life decision making. This study builds on previous work that found some doctors include resource limitations in their understanding of the concept of futility.SettingThree tertiary hospitals in metropolitan Brisbane, Australia.DesignQualitative study using in-depth, semistructured, face-to-face interviews. Ninety-six doctors were interviewed in 11 medical specialties. Transcripts of the interviews were analysed using thematic (...)
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  5.  5
    Misconceiving “Neutrality” in Bioethics: Rejoinder to “Bioethics and the Myth of Neutrality”.Malcolm Parker - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (2):147-151.
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  6.  37
    Two Concepts of Empirical Ethics.Malcolm Parker - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (4):202-213.
    The turn to empirical ethics answers two calls. The first is for a richer account of morality than that afforded by bioethical principlism, which is cast as excessively abstract and thin on the facts. The second is for the facts in question to be those of human experience and not some other, unworldly realm. Empirical ethics therefore promises a richer naturalistic ethics, but in fulfilling the second call it often fails to heed the metaethical requirements related to the first. Empirical (...)
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  7.  15
    Law as Clinical Evidence: A New ConstitutiveModel of Medical Education and Decision-Making.Malcolm Parker, Lindy Willmott, Ben White, Gail Williams & Colleen Cartwright - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (1):101-109.
    Over several decades, ethics and law have been applied to medical education and practice in a way that reflects the continuation during the twentieth century of the strong distinction between facts and values. We explain the development of applied ethics and applied medical law and report selected results that reflect this applied model from an empirical project examining doctors’ decisions on withdrawing/withholding treatment from patients who lack decision-making capacity. The model is critiqued, and an alternative “constitutive” model is supported on (...)
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  8.  5
    The Role of Law in Decisions to Withhold and Withdraw Life-Sustaining Treatment From Adults Who Lack Capacity: A Cross-Sectional Study.Benjamin P. White, Lindy Willmott, Gail Williams, Colleen Cartwright & Malcolm Parker - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (5):327-333.
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  9.  43
    Two Into One Won’T Go: Conceptual, Clinical, Ethical and Legal Impedimenta to the Convergence of CAM and Orthodox Medicine. [REVIEW]Malcolm Parker - 2007 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (1):7-19.
    The convergence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and evidence-based medicine (EBM) is a prominent feature of healthcare in western countries, but it is currently undertheorised, and its implications have been insufficiently considered. Two models of convergence are described – the totally integrated evidence-based model (TI) and the multicultural-pluralistic model (MP). Both models are being incorporated into general medical practice. Against the background of the reasons for the increasing utilisation of CAM by the public and by general practitioners, TI-convergence is (...)
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  10.  45
    Whither Our Art? Clinical Wisdom and Evidence-Based Medicine.Malcolm Parker - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (3):273-280.
    The relationship between evidence-based medicine (EBM) and clinical judgement is the subject of conceptual and practical dispute. For example, EBM and clinical guidelines are seen to increasingly dominate medical decision-making at the expense of other, human elements, and to threaten the art of medicine. Clinical wisdom always remains open to question. We want to know why particular beliefs are held, and the epistemological status of claims based in wisdom or experience. The paper critically appraises a number of claims and distinctions, (...)
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  11. Principia Bioethica Universalia: Practical Rationality, Constitutive Altruism and Global Bioethical Principlism.Malcolm Parker - 2002 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 225:243.
     
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  12.  5
    Misconceiving Medical Leadership.Malcolm Parker - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (3):387-406.
  13.  67
    Patients as Rational Traders: Response to Stewart and DeMarco. [REVIEW]Malcolm Parker - 2006 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 3 (3):133-136.
    Stewart and DeMarco’s economic theory of patient decision-making applied to the case of diabetes is flawed by clinical inaccuracies and an unrealistic depiction of patients as rational traders. The theory incorrectly represents patients’ struggles to optimize their management as calculated trade-offs against the costs of care, and gives an unrealistic, inflexible account of such costs. It imputes to physicians the view that their patients’ lack of compliance is unreasonable, but physicians are accustomed to the variety of human factors which contribute (...)
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  14.  7
    End Games: Euthanasia Under Interminable Scrutiny.Malcolm Parker - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (5-6):523-536.
    It is increasingly asserted that the disagreements of abstract principle between adversaries in the euthanasia debate fail to account for the complex, particular and ambiguous experiences of people at the end of their lives. A greater research effort into experiences, meaning, connection, vulnerability and motivation is advocated, during which the euthanasia 'question' should remain open. I argue that this is a normative strategy, which is felicitous to the status quo and further medicalises the end of life, but which masquerades as (...)
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  15.  24
    Rejoinder.Malcolm Parker - 2007 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (1):29-31.
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  16.  68
    Experiments in Clinical Ethics: Review Essay.Malcolm Parker - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (4):323-333.
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  17.  16
    New Perspectives on the End of Life.Ian Kerridge, Paul A. Komesaroff, Malcolm Parker & Elizabeth Peter - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):269-270.
  18.  27
    Diagnosis, Power and Certainty: Response to Davis. [REVIEW]Malcolm Parker - 2010 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (3):291-297.
    Lennard Davis’s Biocultural Critique of the alleged certainty of diagnosis (Davis Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7:227−235, 2010) makes errors of fact concerning psychiatric diagnostic categories, misunderstands the role of power in the therapeutic relationship, and provides an unsubstantiated and vague alternative to the management of psychological distress via a conceptually outdated model of the relationships between physical and psychological disease and illness. This response demonstrates that diagnostic knowledge vouchsafes legitimate power to physicians, and via them relief to patients who suffer (...)
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  19.  12
    Getting the Balance Right: Conceptual Considerations Concerning Legal Capacity and Supported Decision-Making.Malcolm Parker - 2016 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (3):381-393.
    The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities urges and requires changes to how signatories discharge their duties to people with intellectual disabilities, in the direction of their greater recognition as legal persons with expanded decision-making rights. Australian jurisdictions are currently undertaking inquiries and pilot projects that explore how these imperatives should be implemented. One of the important changes advocated is to move from guardianship models to supported or assisted models of decision-making. A driving force behind these (...)
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  20.  30
    Overstating Values: Medical Facts, Diverse Values, Bioethics and Values-Based Medicine.Malcolm Parker - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (2):97-104.
    Fulford has argued that (1) the medical concepts illness, disease and dysfunction are inescapably evaluative terms, (2) illness is conceptually prior to disease, and (3) a model conforming to (2) has greater explanatory power and practical utility than the conventional value-free medical model. This ‘reverse’ model employs Hare's distinction between description and evaluation, and the sliding relationship between descriptive and evaluative meaning. Fulford's derivative ‘Values Based Medicine’ (VBM) readjusts the imbalance between the predominance of facts over values in medicine. VBM (...)
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  21.  18
    In That Case. Call for Responses: "Two Concepts of Dignity and Integrity".Malcolm Parker - 2010 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (2):273-273.
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  22.  11
    An Anonymous Death.Malcolm Parker - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (2):181-181.
    An Anonymous DeathThe comet, a white haired traveller, hauls its tail behind, thereby hangs its tale. Its particulate history swings away into black time as it skirts you.A million times a million fissions, fires in Andromeda, a surge of ice across a steppe, the moon’s impacted skin. Events escape their birth and move out at the roar of light, hurtling endlessly nowhere and everywhere colliding stray worlds, spinning and groping.At night through cat’s eye domes watchmen on the world’s clearest ranges (...)
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  23.  11
    Monday 7 A.M.Malcolm Parker - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (2):137-137.
    I found a manin a roomsprawl awkwardat a dying angletickingat his bed’s endat his life’s endpast the end of his witsand his wife’sin a roomround the end of their lives.He trembled his vows againheld his cachectic bellepast her life’s endtheir last toast the mercy kill.I found himticking slowlyshe colddeliveredwaiting on his life.His survivalobliging inquiryof motiveof methodI hurriedhim off to hergentlest of homicides.Two mounds in a room, coolingpast fear, post suicide.
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  24.  9
    Senility.Malcolm Parker - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (2):151-151.
    SenilityCalled from pleasuresI go tap-tapping down an old man’s backdown the skin of eighty summers wastingon a rib-ladder closingon a history of heart and lungs.These narrowly contracting bags I find, proclaim“Today his chest is clear as yours or mine.”This is the news requiredas the tide of vigilancelaps his sheets each surfacing dawn.“He’s doing very well.”He leans his gaze to the voice dintingthe routine of his roombut slides the focal point towards infinitypast those gatheredto the motes of memoryto wherepinned in the (...)
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  25.  6
    Book Review: Humane Medicine by Miles Little. [REVIEW]Malcolm Parker - 1997 - Bioethics 11 (1):80-83.
  26.  5
    In That Case.Malcolm Parker - 2007 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (1):77-78.
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  27.  5
    In That Case.Malcolm Parker - 2008 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (2-3):227-227.
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  28.  7
    The Tasks of Medicine: An Ideology of Care; Edited by Peter Baume.Malcolm Parker - 1999 - Bioethics 13 (2):178-180.
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  29.  7
    The Propaganda of Cells.Malcolm Parker - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (2):171-171.
    A crescendo of panting to her stiff-lunged yearspressed in on her for three days and a bit before the succumbingno word could be wedged between gasps.A knife twist in her life’s two year tail two years’witness to others’ ministerings at her flesh-raw chestturned outward to the airenforced fluency in the language of lint.From nests of treason in her breastat night the insurgency pushed outinto the bloodlinesoutriders of a black hostthe dreadful propaganda of cellsbridgeheads locked down in bone and braina Reichstag (...)
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  30.  5
    Across the Rubicon: Medicalisation, Natural Death & Euthanasia.Malcolm Parker - 2001 - Monash Bioethics Review 20 (4):7-29.
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  31.  3
    In That Case.Malcolm Parker - 2010 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (2):273-273.
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  32.  6
    Blowing the Virtue-Ethics Whistle: Response to Faunce.Malcolm Parker - 2004 - Monash Bioethics Review 23 (4):56-59.
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  33.  6
    Vaccination Day.Malcolm Parker - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (2):161-161.
    They enterin curves and stoopslimping and tappinga file of bare armscreased faces upliftedred eyelids poutingeyes curtained in cataract.The syringes are magazined at his hip.A pinch of skinin a chill autumn morninga stinging spreads outat the borders of shouldersthe grim supplicationfor all his attentionthe trembling smileon his remembering a name.Swabs spent in bucketsthe names all collecteda shifting and amblingacross the lawns to their liveson small porchesand in dim echoing cells.Washing his handsof the short easy morningthose bird-bone armsgrow stars of Davidin the (...)
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  34.  4
    Republication: In That Case.Malcolm Parker - 2007 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (2):151-151.
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  35.  4
    Republication: In That Case.Malcolm Parker - 2008 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (4):317-317.
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  36.  4
    Contemporary Bioethics, Medical Values, and the Doctor-Patient Relationship.Malcolm H. Parker - 1991 - Australian Bioethics Association First National Conference:253-263.
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  37.  5
    Response to Larry Osborne: The Allocation of Health Resources: A Model Based on Giving Priority to Those in Pain.Malcolm H. Parker - 1987 - Bioethics News 43.
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  38.  5
    Ethics of Research Involving Humans: Uniform Processes for Disparate Categories?Malcolm Parker, Jim Holt, Graeme Turner & Jack Broerse - 2003 - Monash Bioethics Review 22 (3):50-65.
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  39.  3
    In That Case.Malcolm Parker - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (3):313-314.
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  40.  3
    Republication: In That Case.Malcolm Parker - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (1):97-98.
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  41.  2
    In That Case.Malcolm Parker - 2010 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (4):387-388.
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  42.  2
    Republication: In That Case.Malcolm Parker - 2010 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (4):373-373.
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  43.  2
    Reason and Evidence: Contributions to Philosophy, Ethics, Law, Professionalism and Education in Medicine.Malcolm Parker - unknown
    The materials consist of a co-authored, peer-reviewed book, a co-authored, peer-reviewed book chapter, 30 single authored peer-reviewed journal papers, and 15 co-authored peer-reviewed journal papers, of which I was the lead author on 8 papers. There are 32 papers from Australasian journals, at least two of which are also regarded as international. 22 papers are published in international journals. The co-authored book was favourably described in his foreword by Justice Michael Kirby of the High Court of Australia. The refereed chapter (...)
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  44.  3
    Review Of: The Troubled Dream of Life: Living with Mortality by Daniel Callahan. [REVIEW]Malcolm Holbrook Parker - 1996 - Health Care Analysis 4 (4):355-357.
  45.  2
    Book Review: Angels of Death: Exploring the Euthanasia Underground by RS Magnusson. [REVIEW]Malcolm Parker - 2002 - Monash Bioethics Review 21 (3):30-33.
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  46.  2
    Reasoning About Embryos, Cloning and Stem Cells: Let's Get More Clear and Distinct.Malcolm Parker - 2003 - Monash Bioethics Review 22 (1):8-17.
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  47. A Discussion Between Wittgenstein and Moore on Certainty : From the Notes of Norman Malcolm.Ludwig Wittgenstein, G. E. Moore, Norman Malcolm & Gabriel Citron - 2015 - Mind 124 (493):73-84.
    In April 1939, G. E. Moore read a paper to the Cambridge University Moral Science Club entitled ‘Certainty’. In it, amongst other things, Moore made the claims that: the phrase ‘it is certain’ could be used with sense-experience-statements, such as ‘I have a pain’, to make statements such as ‘It is certain that I have a pain’; and that sense-experience-statements can be said to be certain in the same sense as some material-thing-statements can be — namely in the sense that (...)
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  48. II—Wendy S. Parker: Confirmation and Adequacy-for-Purpose in Climate Modelling.Wendy S. Parker - 2009 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):233-249.
    Lloyd (2009) contends that climate models are confirmed by various instances of fit between their output and observational data. The present paper argues that what these instances of fit might confirm are not climate models themselves, but rather hypotheses about the adequacy of climate models for particular purposes. This required shift in thinking—from confirming climate models to confirming their adequacy-for-purpose—may sound trivial, but it is shown to complicate the evaluation of climate models considerably, both in principle and in practice.
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  49.  19
    Wittgenstein and Idealism: Norman Malcolm.Norman Malcolm - 1982 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 13:249-267.
    Recently some philosophers have proposed that the later philosophy of Wittgenstein tends towards idealism, or even solipsism. The solipsism is said to be of a peculiar kind. It is characterized as a ‘collective’ or ‘aggregative’ solipsism. The solipsism or idealism is also said to be ‘transcendental’. In the first part of this paper I will be examining a recent essay by Professor Bernard Williams, in which he presents what he takes to be the grounds for such an interpretation of Wittgenstein. (...)
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  50.  24
    Memory as Direct Awareness of the Past: Norman Malcolm.Norman Malcolm - 1975 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 9:1-22.
    The philosophy of memory has been largely dominated by what could be called ‘the representative theory of memory’. In trying to give an account of ‘what goes on in one's mind’ when one remembers something, or of what ‘the mental content of remembering’ consists, philosophers have usually insisted that there must be some sort of mental image, picture, or copy of what is remembered. Aristotle said that there must be ‘something like a picture or impression’; William James thought that there (...)
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