Results for 'Mary Katrina Krizan'

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  1.  13
    Aristotle’s Theory of Bodies, by Christian Pfeiffer.Mary Katrina Krizan - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (2):512-515.
  2.  34
    Luca Castagnoli. Ancient Self-Refutation: The Logic and History of the Self-Refutation Argument From Democritus to Augustine.Mary Katrina Krizan - 2011 - Augustinian Studies 42 (2):316-319.
  3.  30
    The Powers of Aristotle's Soul by Thomas Kjeller Johansen (Review).Mary Katrina Krizan - 2014 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (1):162-163.
    In The Powers of Aristotle’s Soul, Thomas Kjeller Johansen offers a fresh treatment of Aristotle’s De Anima, showing that Aristotle can successfully explain the cause of life and activities of living things by appealing to a minimal number of definitionally independent capacities, in much the way that a faculty psychologist would. Johansen situates Aristotle’s account of the soul within the framework of his natural philosophy, arguing that the definitional independence of the soul’s capacities does not conflict with the internal unity (...)
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  4.  26
    Evidence for Personalised Medicine: Mechanisms, Correlation, and New Kinds of Black Box.Mary Jean Walker, Justin Bourke & Katrina Hutchison - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (2):103-121.
    Personalised medicine has been discussed as a medical paradigm shift that will improve health while reducing inefficiency and waste. At the same time, it raises new practical, regulatory, and ethical challenges. In this paper, we examine PM strategies epistemologically in order to develop capacities to address these challenges, focusing on a recently proposed strategy for developing patient-specific models from induced pluripotent stem cells so as to make individualised treatment predictions. We compare this strategy to two main PM strategies—stratified medicine and (...)
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  5.  4
    Aristotle's Science of Matter and Motion by Christopher Byrne.Mary Krizan - 2020 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 58 (2):399-400.
    Seventeenth-century advancements in physical science are often presented as overthrowing the Aristotelian tradition; perhaps Aristotle's emphasis on formal and final causes left little room for a physical theory grounded in material and efficient causes. In Aristotle's Science of Matter and Motion, Christopher Byrne argues that Aristotle is not to blame, as he indeed possessed a unified theory of matter and motion. In contrast to traditional interpretations, which place an undue explanatory burden on formal and final causes, Byrne argues that Aristotle's (...)
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  6.  27
    Elemental Structure and the Transformation of the Elements in on Generation and Corruption 2. 4.Mary Krizan - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 45:195.
  7.  35
    Mixing and the Formation of Homoeomers in on Generation and Corruption 2.7.Mary Krizan - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 54.
    In On Generation and Corruption 1. 10 and 2. 7 Aristotle discusses mixing and mixtures. Recent scholars tend to read the two texts together, thus treating the production of homoeomers in GC 2. 7 as a process of mixing the material elements. I argue that the tendency to treat homoeomers as mixtures of material elements is incorrect: GC 1. 10 explains the mixing of bodies that have already been produced from the elements, whereas GC 2. 7 explains the processes that (...)
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  8.  34
    Prime Matter Without Extension.Mary Krizan - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (4):523-546.
    according to a certain interpretative tradition, Aristotle is committed to prime matter—an indefinite, indeterminate, and unknowable material substratum that exists as pure potentiality and underlies, among other features, the elements and their mutual transformations.1 This interpretative tradition has come under attack from various sources; among such sources are those who wish to deny Aristotle’s commitment to a material substratum that is ontologically more basic than the elements, and who instead affirm the conclusion that Aristotle’s account of nature and change does (...)
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  9.  27
    Primary Qualities and Aristotle’s Elements.Mary Krizan - 2018 - Ancient Philosophy 38 (1):91-112.
  10. Substantial Change and the Limiting Case of Aristotelian Matter.Mary Krizan - 2013 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 30 (4):293-310.
  11.  37
    Determination of the Prevalence of Depression Among the Elderly Using the Geriatric Depression Scale.Valentin Mary Grace, Aguirre Karla Mae, Ante Kristina, Calderon Carlos Miguel, Cunanan Andrea Tracy, Lim Hannah Lorraine, Malasan Funny Jovis, Manlutac Katrina Chelsea, Novilla Danielle Ann, Oliveros Marianne, Wee Edwin Monico & Quilala Peter - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  12.  14
    Saving Mr. Banks: Directed by John Lee Hancock, Written by Kelly Marcel and Sue Smith, 2013, Walt Disney Pictures, Ruby Films, and Essential Media & Entertainment.Katrina A. Bramstedt - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (2):261-262.
    Expecting Saving Mr. Banks to be a jolly jaunt about the creative development of the movie Mary Poppins (1964), I found myself waiting endlessly for the “jolliness” to begin—it never did. In fact, rather than joy, there was an ever-present sensation of tension as I watched the film. Having moved house myself in recent days (during a Queensland heat wave), the scenes of the Goff family leaving their home and trekking across hot, dusty Queensland were very emotional. However, seeing (...)
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  13.  15
    Sleepy Anger: Restricted Sleep Amplifies Angry Feelings.Zlatan Krizan & Garrett Hisler - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 148 (7):1239-1250.
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  14.  15
    The Hybridized Public Sphere: Asian American Christian Ethics, Social Justice, and Public Discourse.K. Christine Pae & James W. McCarty - 2012 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 32 (1):93-114.
    IN CRITICALLY ANALYZING THE DEADLY VIPER CONTROVERSY AND MARY Queen of Vietnam Catholic Church's social activism in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, we consider questions concerning the ability of Asian Americans to participate in public discourse in meaningful ways that spur social change while fostering solidarity with other marginalized ethnic groups in the United States. Drawing on Christian theo-ethical reflection on the racial or social identity of Jesus as a hybridized concept, we argue for a robust public discourse (...)
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  15.  42
    Sages and Cranks.Katrina Hutchison - 2013 - In Katrina Hutchison & Fiona Jenkins (eds.), Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change? New York: Oup Usa. pp. 103.
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  16.  80
    Out of Bounds? A Critique of the New Policies on Hyperandrogenism in Elite Female Athletes.Katrina Karkazis, Rebecca Jordan-Young, Georgiann Davis & Silvia Camporesi - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):3-16.
    In May 2011, more than a decade after the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) abandoned sex testing, they devised new policies in response to the IAAF's treatment of Caster Semenya, the South African runner whose sex was challenged because of her spectacular win and powerful physique that fueled an international frenzy questioning her sex and legitimacy to compete as female. These policies claim that atypically high levels of endogenous testosterone in women (caused by (...)
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  17.  38
    The Effect of Leadership Style, Framing, and Promotion Regulatory Focus on Unethical Pro-Organizational Behavior.Katrina A. Graham, Jonathan C. Ziegert & Johnna Capitano - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 126 (3):423-436.
    The goal of this paper is to examine the impact of leadership and promotion regulatory focus on employees’ willingness to engage in unethical pro-organizational behavior . Building from a person–situation interactionist perspective, we investigate the interaction of leadership style and how leaders frame messages, as well as test a three-way interaction with promotion focus. Using an experimental design, we found that inspirational and charismatic transformational leaders elicited higher levels of UPB than transactional leaders when the leaders used loss framing, but (...)
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  18.  13
    Tracking U.S. Professional Athletes: The Ethics of Biometric Technologies.Katrina Karkazis & Jennifer R. Fishman - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):45-60.
    Professional sport in the United States has widely adopted biometric technologies, dramatically expanding the monitoring of players’ biodata. These technologies have the potential to prevent injuries, improve performance, and extend athletes’ careers; they also risk compromising players’ privacy and autonomy, the confidentiality of their data, and their careers. The use of these technologies in professional sport and the consumer sector remains largely unregulated and unexamined. We seek to provide guidance for their adoption by examining five areas of concern: validity and (...)
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  19.  38
    Explaining (One Aspect of) the Principal Principle Without (Much) Metaphysics.Katrina Elliott - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (4):480-499.
    According to David Lewis’s Principal Principle, our beliefs about the objective chances of outcomes determine our rational credences in those outcomes. Lewis influentially argues that any adequate metaphysics of objective chance must explain why the Principal Principle holds. Since no theory of chance is widely agreed to have met this burden, I suggest we change tack. On the view I develop, a central aspect of the Principal Principle holds not because of what objective chances are but rather because of the (...)
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  20.  16
    Impossible “Choices”: The Inherent Harms of Regulating Women’s Testosterone in Sport.Katrina Karkazis & Morgan Carpenter - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (4):579-587.
    In April 2018, the International Association of Athletics Federations released new regulations placing a ceiling on women athletes’ natural testosterone levels to “ensure fair and meaningful competition.” The regulations revise previous ones with the same intent. They require women with higher natural levels of testosterone and androgen sensitivity who compete in a set of “restricted” events to lower their testosterone levels to below a designated threshold. If they do not lower their testosterone, women may compete in the male category, in (...)
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  21. Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change?Katrina Hutchison & Fiona Jenkins (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Despite its place in the humanities, the career prospects and numbers of women in philosophy much more closely resemble those found in the sciences and engineering. This book collects a series of critical essays by female philosophers pursuing the question of why philosophy continues to be inhospitable to women and what can be done to change it. By examining the social and institutional conditions of contemporary academic philosophy in the Anglophone world as well as its methods, culture, and characteristic commitments, (...)
     
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  22. On the Criminal Culpability of Successful and Unsucessful Psychopaths.Katrina L. Sifferd & William Hirstein - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (1):129-140.
    The psychological literature now differentiates between two types of psychopath:successful (with little or no criminal record) and unsuccessful (with a criminal record). Recent research indicates that earlier findings of reduced autonomic activity, reduced prefrontal grey matter, and compromised executive activity may only be true of unsuccessful psychopaths. In contrast, successful psychopaths actually show autonomic and executive function that exceeds that of normals, while having no difference in prefrontal volume from normals. We argue that many successful psychopaths are legally responsible for (...)
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  23.  66
    Katrina: Macro-Ethical Issues for Engineers. [REVIEW]Byron Newberry - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (3):535-571.
    Hurricane Katrina was one of the worst disasters in United States history. Failures within New Orleans’ engineered hurricane protection system (levees and floodwalls) contributed to the severity of the event and have drawn considerable public attention. In the time since Katrina, forensic investigations have uncovered a range of issues and problems related to the engineering work. In this article, my goal is to distill from these investigations, and the related literature that has accumulated, some overarching macro-ethical issues that (...)
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  24.  4
    The Deification of Mary Magdalene.Mary Ann Beavis - 2013 - Feminist Theology 21 (2):145-154.
    The past 25 years have seen an upsurge of interest in the figure of Mary Magdalene, whose image has been transformed through feminist scholarship from penitent prostitute to prominent disciple of Jesus. This article documents another, non-academic, interpretation of Mary Magdalene – the image of Mary as goddess or embodiment of the female divine. The most influential proponent of this view is Margaret Starbird, who hypothesizes that Mary was both Jesus’ wife and his divine feminine counterpart. (...)
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  25.  38
    The Essential Mary Midgley.Mary Midgley - 2005 - Routledge.
    Feared and admired in equal measure, Mary Midgely has carefully, yet profoundly challenged many of the scientific and moral orthodoxies of the twentieth century. The Essential Mary Midgley collects for the first time the very best of this famous philosopher's work, described by the Financial Times as "commonsense philosophy of the highest order." This anthology includes carefully chosen selections from her best-selling books, including Wickedness, Beast and Man, Science and Poetry and The Myths We Live By . It (...)
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  26.  33
    The Ethics of Molecular Memory Modification.Katrina Hui & Carl E. Fisher - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (7):515-520.
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  27.  14
    Gender Bias in Medical Implant Design and Use: A Type of Moral Aggregation Problem?Katrina Hutchison - 2019 - Hypatia 34 (3):570-591.
    In this article, I describe how gender bias can affect the design, testing, clinical trials, regulatory approval, and clinical use of implantable devices. I argue that bad outcomes experienced by women patients are a cumulative consequence of small biases and inattention at various points of the design, testing, and regulatory process. However, specific instances of inattention and bias can be difficult to identify, and risks are difficult to predict. This means that even if systematic gender bias in implant design is (...)
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  28.  5
    The Carnage of Substandard Research During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Call for Quality.Katrina A. Bramstedt - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (12):803-807.
    Worldwide there are currently over 1200 research studies being performed on the topic of COVID-19. Many of these involve children and adults over age 65 years. There are also numerous studies testing investigational vaccines on healthy volunteers. No research team is exempt from the pressures and speed at which COVID-19 research is occurring. And this can increase the risk of honest error as well as misconduct. To date, 33 papers have been identified as unsuitable for public use and either retracted, (...)
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  29.  4
    Four Types of Gender Bias Affecting Women Surgeons and Their Cumulative Impact.Katrina Hutchison - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (4):236-241.
    Women are under-represented in surgery, especially in leadership and academic roles, and face a gender pay gap. There has been little work on the role of implicit biases in women’s under-representation in surgery. Nor has the impact of epistemic injustice, whereby stereotyping influences knowledge or credibility judgements, been explored. This article reports findings of a qualitative in-depth interview study with women surgeons that investigates gender biases in surgery, including subtle types of bias. The study was conducted with 46 women surgeons (...)
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  30.  26
    Addressing Deficits and Injustices: The Potential Epistemic Contributions of Patients to Research.Katrina Hutchison, Wendy Rogers & Vikki A. Entwistle - 2017 - Health Care Analysis 25 (4):386-403.
    Patient or public involvement in health research is increasingly expected as a matter of policy. In theory, PPI can contribute both to the epistemic aims intrinsic to research, and to extrinsically valued features of research such as social inclusion and transparency. In practice, the aims of PPI have not always been clear, although there has been a tendency to encourage the involvement of so-called ordinary people who are regarded as representative of an assumed patient perspective. In this paper we focus (...)
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  31.  81
    Strong Epistemic Possibility and Evidentiality.Katrina Przyjemski - 2017 - Topoi 36 (1):183-195.
    The paper distinguishes between weak and strong epistemic possibility and argues that the notion of strong epistemic possibility is the key to solving some of the most vexing puzzles about the semantics of epistemic modality.
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  32. Mary Warnock a Memoir : People & Places.Mary Warnock - 2002
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  33.  40
    Challenging the Epistemological Foundations of EBM: What Kind of Knowledge Does Clinical Practice Require?Katrina J. Hutchison & Wendy A. Rogers - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):984-991.
    This paper raises questions about the epistemological foundations of evidence-based medicine . We argue that EBM is based upon reliabilist epistemological assumptions, and that this is appropriate - we should focus on identifying the most reliable processes for generating and collecting medical knowledge. However, we note that this should not be reduced to narrow questions about which research methodologies are the best for gathering evidence. Reliable processes for generating medical evidence might lie outside of formal research methods. We also question (...)
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  34.  26
    Getting Clearer About Surgical Innovation : A New Definition and a New Tool to Support Responsible Practice.Katrina Hutchison, Wendy Rogers, Anthony Eyers & Mianna Lotz - unknown
    OBJECTIVES: This article presents an original definition of surgical innovation and a practical tool for identifying planned innovations. These will support the responsible introduction of surgical innovations. BACKGROUND: Frameworks developed for the safer introduction of surgical innovations rely upon identifying cases of innovation; oversight cannot occur unless innovations are identified. However, there is no consensus among surgeons about which interventions they consider innovative; existing definitions are vague and impractical. METHODS: Using conceptual analysis, this article synthesizes findings from relevant literature, and (...)
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  35.  55
    Hope and Memory in the Thought of Judith Shklar.Katrina Forrester - 2011 - Modern Intellectual History 8 (3):591-620.
    Current interpretations of the political theory of Judith Shklar focus to a disabling extent on her short, late article (1989); commentators take this late essay as representative of her work as a whole and thus characterize her as an anti-totalitarian, Cold War liberal. Other interpretations situate her political thought alongside followers of John Rawls and liberal political philosophy. Challenging the centrality of fear in Shklar's thought, this essay examines her writings on utopian and normative thought, the role of history in (...)
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  36. Mary Jane; or, Spiritualism Chemically Explained [by - Guppy]. Guppy & Mary Jane - 1863
  37.  49
    Katrina.John Protevi - 2009 - In Bernd Herzogenrath (ed.), Symposium. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 363-381.
    Hurricane Katrina was an elemental and a social event. To understand it, you first have to understand the land, the air, the sun, the river and the sea; you have to understand earth, wind, fire and water; you have to understand geomorphology, meteorology, biology, economics, politics, history. You have to understand how they have come together to form, with the peoples of America, Europe and Africa, the historical patterns of life of Louisiana and New Orleans, the bodies politic of (...)
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  38.  15
    Can Resilience Thinking Provide Useful Insights for Those Examining Efforts to Transform Contemporary Agriculture?Katrina Sinclair, Allan Curtis, Emily Mendham & Michael Mitchell - 2014 - Agriculture and Human Values 31 (3):371-384.
    Agricultural industries in developed countries may need to consider transformative change if they are to respond effectively to contemporary challenges, including a changing climate. In this paper we apply a resilience lens to analyze a deliberate attempt by Australian governments to restructure the dairy industry, and then utilize this analysis to assess the usefulness of resilience thinking for contemporary agricultural transformations. Our analysis draws on findings from a case study of market deregulation in the subtropical dairy industry. Semi-structured interviews were (...)
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  39.  98
    Non-Eliminative Reductionism: Not the Theory of Mind Some Responsibility Theorists Want, but the One They Need.Katrina L. Sifferd - 2018 - In Bebhinn Donnelly Lazarov (ed.), Neurolaw and Responsibility for Action: Concepts, Crimes, and Courts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 71-103.
    This chapter will argue that the criminal law is most compatible with a specific theory regarding the mind/body relationship: non-eliminative reductionism. Criminal responsibility rests upon mental causation: a defendant is found criminally responsible for an act where she possesses certain culpable mental states (mens rea under the law) that are causally related to criminal harm. If we assume the widely accepted position of ontological physicalism, which holds that only one sort of thing exists in the world – physical stuff – (...)
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  40.  12
    Mary in the Writings of John Henry Newman.Mary Katherine Tillman - 2005 - Newman Studies Journal 2 (2):86-94.
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  41. Translating Scientific Evidence Into the Language of the ‘Folk’: Executive Function as Capacity-Responsibility.Katrina L. Sifferd - 2013 - In Nicole A. Vincent (ed.), Legal Responsibility and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
    There are legitimate worries about gaps between scientific evidence of brain states and function (for example, as evidenced by fMRI data) and legal criteria for determining criminal culpability. In this paper I argue that behavioral evidence of capacity, motive and intent appears easier for judges and juries to use for purposes of determining criminal liability because such evidence triggers the application of commonsense psychological (CSP) concepts that guide and structure criminal responsibility. In contrast, scientific evidence of neurological processes and function (...)
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  42. Unconscious Mens Rea: Criminal Responsibility for Lapses and Minimally Conscious States.Katrina Sifferd - 2016 - In Dennis Patterson & Michael Pardo (eds.), Philosophical Foundations of Law and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
    In a recent book, Neil Levy argues that culpable action – action for which we are morally responsible – is necessarily produced by states of which we are consciously aware. However, criminal defendants are routinely held responsible for criminal harm caused by states of which they are not conscious in Levy’s sense. In this chapter I argue that cases of negligent criminal harm indicate that Levy’s claim that moral responsibility requires synchronic conscious awareness of the moral significance of an act (...)
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  43.  4
    Engaging Patients and Families in the Ethics of Involuntary Psychiatric Care.Katrina Hui, Rachel B. Cooper & Juveria Zaheer - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):82-84.
    Volume 20, Issue 6, June 2020, Page 82-84.
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  44.  79
    In Defense of the Use of Commonsense Psychology in the Criminal Law.Katrina L. Sifferd - 2006 - Law and Philosophy 25 (6):571 - 612.
    The criminal law depends upon 'commonsense' or 'folk' psychology, a seemingly innate theory used by all normal human beings as a means to understand and predict other humans' behavior. This paper discusses two major types of arguments that commonsense psychology is not a true theory of human behavior, and thus should be eliminated and replaced. The paper argues that eliminitivist projects fail to provide evidence that commonsense psychology is a false theory, and argues that there is no need to seek (...)
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  45.  33
    Katrina Hutchison and Fiona Jenkins : Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change?Anna Leuschner - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):245-249.
    The current situation of women in philosophy is not rosy at all. There are a raising number of complaints from female philosophers about their working situation, about getting harassed, discouraged, isolated, or simply ignored. Numerous anecdotes are posted in online forums and weblogs, such as beingawomaninphilosophy.wordpress.com/or feministphilosophers.wordpress.com/. Apart from that, one can simply observe that much more men than women are employed in philosophical departments, give talks at philosophical conferences, and have articles published in philosophical journals. Katrina Hutchison and (...)
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  46.  17
    What Pacemakers Can Teach Us About the Ethics of Maintaining Artificial Organs.Katrina Hutchison & Robert Sparrow - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (6):14-24.
    One day soon it may be possible to replace a failing heart, liver, or kidney with a long-lasting mechanical replacement or perhaps even with a 3-D printed version based on the patient's own tissue. Such artificial organs could make transplant waiting lists and immunosuppression a thing of the past. Supposing that this happens, what will the ongoing care of people with these implants involve? In particular, how will the need to maintain the functioning of artificial organs over an extended period (...)
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  47.  18
    Justice and Surgical Innovation: The Case of Robotic Prostatectomy.Katrina Hutchison, Jane Johnson & Drew Carter - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (7):536-546.
    Surgical innovation promises improvements in healthcare, but it also raises ethical issues including risks of harm to patients, conflicts of interest and increased injustice in access to health care. In this article, we focus on risks of injustice, and use a case study of robotic prostatectomy to identify features of surgical innovation that risk introducing or exacerbating injustices. Interpreting justice as encompassing matters of both efficiency and equity, we first examine questions relating to government decisions about whether to publicly fund (...)
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  48.  14
    The Harrison Bergeron Olympics.Katrina Karkazis & Rebecca Jordan-Young - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):66 - 69.
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  49. Mathematics and Reality.Mary Leng (ed.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Mary Leng defends a philosophical account of the nature of mathematics which views it as a kind of fiction. On this view, the claims of our ordinary mathematical theories are more closely analogous to utterances made in the context of storytelling than to utterances whose aim is to assert literal truths.
     
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  50.  50
    Jeremy Bentham and the Real Property Commission of 1828*: Mary Sokol.Mary Sokol - 1992 - Utilitas 4 (2):225-245.
    In February 1828 a Royal Commission was appointed to examine the law of Real Property of England and Wales. The Commission sat for four years and examined a vast amount of material, recommended certain changes in the law, and drafted several bills for consideration by parliament. Four massive reports were eventually presented to parliament in May 1829, June 1830, May 1832, and lastly in April 1833. As a result parliament enacted a limited number of piecemeal reforms, but did not attempt (...)
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