Results for 'Ronald L. Chrisley'

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  1. Virtual Machines and Consciousness.Aaron Sloman & Ronald L. Chrisley - 2003 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (4-5):133-172.
    Replication or even modelling of consciousness in machines requires some clarifications and refinements of our concept of consciousness. Design of, construction of, and interaction with artificial systems can itself assist in this conceptual development. We start with the tentative hypothesis that although the word “consciousness” has no well-defined meaning, it is used to refer to aspects of human and animal informationprocessing. We then argue that we can enhance our understanding of what these aspects might be by designing and building virtual-machine (...)
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  2. Why Everything Doesn't Realize Every Computation.Ronald L. Chrisley - 1994 - Minds and Machines 4 (4):403-20.
    Some have suggested that there is no fact to the matter as to whether or not a particular physical system relaizes a particular computational description. This suggestion has been taken to imply that computational states are not real, and cannot, for example, provide a foundation for the cognitive sciences. In particular, Putnam has argued that every ordinary open physical system realizes every abstract finite automaton, implying that the fact that a particular computational characterization applies to a physical system does not (...)
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  3.  24
    Why Everything Doesn't Realize Every Computation.Ronald L. Chrisley - 1994 - Minds and Machines 4 (4):403-420.
    Some have suggested that there is no fact to the matter as to whether or not a particular physical system relaizes a particular computational description. This suggestion has been taken to imply that computational states are not real, and cannot, for example, provide a foundation for the cognitive sciences. In particular, Putnam has argued that every ordinary open physical system realizes every abstract finite automaton, implying that the fact that a particular computational characterization applies to a physical system does not (...)
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  4. A View From Anywhere: Prospects for an Objective Understanding of Consciousness.Ronald L. Chrisley - 2001 - In Paavo Pylkkanen & Tere Vaden (eds.), Dimensions of Conscious Experience. John Benjamins.
    It is by now commonly agreed that the proper study of consciousness requires a multidisciplinary approach which focuses on the varieties and dimensions of conscious experience from different angles. This book, which is based on a workshop held at the University of Skövde, Sweden, provides a microcosm of the emerging discipline of consciousness studies and focuses on some important but neglected aspects of consciousness. The book brings together philosophy, psychology, cognitive neuroscience, linguistics, cognitive and computer science, biology, physics, art and (...)
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  5. Transparent Computationalism.Ronald L. Chrisley - unknown
    Summary. A distinction is made between two senses of the claim “cognition is computation”. One sense, the opaque reading, takes computation to be whatever is described by our current computational theory and claims that cognition is best understood in terms of that theory. The transparent reading, which has its primary allegiance to the phenomenon of computation, rather than to any particular theory of it, is the claim that the best account of cognition will be given by whatever theory turns out (...)
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  6.  69
    Taking Embodiment Seriously: Nonconceptual Content and Robotics.Ronald L. Chrisley - 1994 - In Kenneth M. Ford, C. Glymour & Patrick Hayes (eds.), Android Epistemology. MIT Press.
    The development and deployment of the notion of pre-objective or nonconceptual content for the purposes of intentional explanation of requires assistance from a practical and theoretical understanding of computational/robotic systems acting in real-time and real-space. In particular, the usual "that"-clause specification of content will not work for non-conceptual contents; some other means of specification is required, means that make use of the fact that contents are aspects of embodied and embedded systems. That is, the specification of non-conceptual content should use (...)
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  7. Learning in Non-Superpositional Quantum Neurocomputers.Ronald L. Chrisley - 1996 - In Paavo Pylkkänen & Pauli Pylkkö (eds.), Brain, Mind & Physics.
    A distinction is made between superpositional and non-superpositional quantum computers. The notion of quantum learning systems - quantum computers that modify themselves in order to improve their performance - is introduced. A particular non-superpositional quantum learning system, a quantum neurocomputer, is described: a conventional neural network implemented in a system which is a variation on the familiar two-slit apparatus from quantum physics. This is followed by a discussion of the advantages that quantum computers in general, and quantum neurocomputers in particular, (...)
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  8. Weak Strong AI: An Elaboration of the English Reply to the Chinese Room.Ronald L. Chrisley - unknown
    Searle (1980) constructed the Chinese Room (CR) to argue against what he called \Strong AI": the claim that a computer can understand by virtue of running a program of the right sort. Margaret Boden (1990), in giving the English Reply to the Chinese Room argument, has pointed out that there isunderstanding in the Chinese Room: the understanding required to recognize the symbols, the understanding of English required to read the rulebook, etc. I elaborate on and defend this response to Searle. (...)
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  9. Non-Conceptual Psychological Explanation: Content and Computation.Ronald L. Chrisley - 1996 - Dissertation, Oxford
    2.4 The Example: Infants and object-(im)permanence : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 17 2.4.1 Why a contentful account is warranted: Perspectival sensitivity : : : 17 2.4.2 The \searching under a cloth" and \AB" data : : : : : : : : : : : : 24 2.4.3 Two constraints on objectuality : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : (...)
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  10. Non-Conceptual Psychological Explanation: Content and Computation.Ronald L. Chrisley - 1996 - Dissertation, Oxford
  11. Connectionism, Cognitive Maps and the Development of Objectivity.Ronald L. Chrisley - 1993 - AI Review 7:329-354.
    It is claimed that there are pre-objective phenomena, which cognitive science should explain by employing the notion of non-conceptual representational content. It is argued that a match between parallel distributed processing (PDP) and non-conceptual content (NCC) not only provides a means of refuting recent criticisms of PDP as a cognitive architecture; it also provides a vehicle for NCC that is required by naturalism. A connectionist cognitive mapping algorithm is used as a case study to examine the affinities between PDP and (...)
     
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  12.  44
    What Might Dynamical Intentionality Be, If Not Computation?Ronald L. Chrisley - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):634-635.
    (1) Van Gelder's concession that the dynamical hypothesis is not in opposition to computation in general does not agree well with his anticomputational stance. (2) There are problems with the claim that dynamic systems allow for nonrepresentational aspects of computation in a way in which digital computation cannot. (3) There are two senses of the “cognition is computation” claim and van Gelder argues against only one of them. (4) Dynamical systems as characterized in the target article share problems of universal (...)
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  13. Externalism Before Language: The Real Reason Why “Thoughts Ain't in the Head”.Ronald L. Chrisley - unknown
    It is argued that standard arguments for the Externalism of mental states do not succeed in the case of pre-linguistic mental states. Further, it is noted that standard arguments for Internalism appeal to the principle that our individuation of mental states should be driven by what states are explanatory in our best cognitive science. This principle is used against the Internalist to reject the necessity of narrow individuation of mental states, even in the prelinguistic case. This is done by showing (...)
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  14. Non-Compositional Representation in Connectionist Networks.Ronald L. Chrisley - unknown
    have context-sensitive constituents, but rather because they sometimes have no constituents at all. The argument to be rejected depends on the assumption that one can only assign propositional contents to representations if one starts by assigning sub-propositional contents to atomic representations. I give some philosophical arguments and present a counterexample to show that this assumption is mistaken.
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  15.  4
    A View From Anywhere Prospects for an Objective Understanding.Ronald L. Chrisley - 2001 - In Paavo Pylkkanen & Tere Vaden (eds.), Dimensions of Conscious Experience. John Benjamins. pp. 37--3.
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  16. European Review of Philosophy, Volume 1: Philosophy of Mind.Ronald L. Chrisley - 1994 - Stanford: CSLI Publications.
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  17. Taking Embodiment Seriously Non-Conceptual Content and Computation.Ronald L. Chrisley - 1992 - School of Cognitive and Computing Sciences, University of Sussex.
  18. The Ontological Status of Computational States.Ronald L. Chrisley - 1994 - In Gianfranco Soldati (ed.), European Review of Philosophy, 1: Philosophy of Mind. CSLI Publications. pp. 55-75.
  19. The Ontological Status of Computational States.Ronald L. Chrisley - 1992 - School of Cognitive and Computing Sciences, University of Sussex.
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  20.  40
    More Things Than Are Dreamt of in Your Biology: Information-Processing in Biologically Inspired Robots.A. Sloman & R. L. Chrisley - unknown
    Animals and robots perceiving and acting in a world require an ontology that accommodates entities, processes, states of affairs, etc., in their environment. If the perceived environment includes information - processing systems, the ontology should reflect that. Scientists studying such systems need an ontology that includes the first - order ontology characterising physical phenomena, the second - order ontology characterising perceivers of physical phenomena, and a third order ontology characterising perceivers of perceivers, including introspectors. We argue that second - and (...)
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  21.  64
    Quantum Learning.Ronald Chrisley - 1995 - In P. Pyllkkänen & P. Pyllkkö (eds.), New Directions in Cognitive Science. Finnish Society for Artificial Intelligence.
  22. Singular Terms and Reference: Evans and "Julius".Ronald Chrisley - 1998 - Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6.
    "Let us call whoever invented the zip "Julius"." With this stipulation, Gareth Evans introduced "Julius" into the language as one of a category of terms that seem to lie somewhere between definite descriptions (such as "whoever invented the zip") and proper names (such as "John", or "Julius" as usually used) (Evans 1982: 31). He dubbed these terms "descriptive names"1, and used them as a foil against which to test several theories of reference: Frege's, Russell's, and his own. I want to (...)
     
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  23.  27
    Artificial Intelligence: Critical Concepts in Cognitive Science.Ronald Chrisley (ed.) - 2001 - Routledge.
    The scientific field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) began in the 1950s but the concept of artificial intelligence, the idea of something with mind-like attributes, predates it by centuries. This historically rich concept has served as a blueprint for the research into intelligent machines. But it also has staggering implications for our notions of who we are: our psychology, biology, philosophy, technology and society. This reference work provides scholars in both the humanities and the sciences with the material essential for charting (...)
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  24.  40
    L'analyse du langage a Royaumont.A. -L. L. - 1958 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 148:257 - 259.
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  25.  29
    L'Idée de Preuve En Métaphysique. [REVIEW]S. F. L. - 1959 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (2):357-357.
    Kasm does not offer any concept of proof which is regulative for all metaphysics, for he is convinced that each metaphysical approach requires its own proper logic and methodology. Within this pluralistic framework he seeks to discern the structure of formal truth as expressed in the concept of proof inherent in various metaphysical approaches.--L. S. F.
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  26. Dennis R. Alexander and Ronald L. Numbers : Biology and Ideology: From Descartes to Dawkins.Massimo Pigliucci - 2013 - Science & Education 22 (2):405-409.
    Science has always strived for objectivity, for a ‘‘view from nowhere’’ that is not marred by ideology or personal preferences. That is a lofty ideal toward which perhaps it makes sense to strive, but it is hardly the reality. This collection of thirteen essays assembled by Denis R. Alexander and Ronald L. Numbers ought to give much pause to scientists and the public at large, though historians, sociologists and philosophers of science will hardly be surprised by the material covered (...)
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  27.  87
    Searching Eyes: Privacy, the State, and Disease Surveillance in America – By Amy L. Fairchild, Ronald Bayer, and James Colgrove. [REVIEW]Alan Rubel - 2009 - Review of Policy Research 26:633-634.
    Review of Searching Eyes: Privacy, the State, and Disease Surveillance in America – By Amy L. Fairchild, Ronald Bayer, and James Colgrove.
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  28.  19
    Ronald L. Numbers , Creationism in Twentieth-Century America: A Ten-Volume Anthology of Documents, 1903–1961. New York: Garland Publishing, 1995. ISBN 0-8153-1801-4. $732.00 Set, Consisting Of: - Volume 1: Ronald L. Numbers , Antievolution Before World War I. Pp. Xvii + 403. ISBN 0-8153-1802-2. $65.00. - Volume 2: Ronald L. Numbers , Creation-Evolution Debates. Pp. Xiv + 505, Illus. ISBN 0-8153-1803-0. $65.00. - Volume 3: Ronald L. Numbers , The Antievolution Works of Arthur I. Brown. Pp. Xiv + 209. ISBN 0-8153-1804-9. $65.00. - Volume 4: William Vance TrollingerJr, , The Antievolution Pamphlets of William Bell Riley. Pp. Xxii + 221. ISBN 0-8153-1805-7. $55.00. - Volume 5: Paul Nelson , The Creationist Writings of Byron C. Nelson. Pp. Xxvi + 505, Illus. ISBN 0-8153-1806-5. $65.00. - Volume 6: Edward B. Davis , The Antievolution Pamphlets of Harry Rimmer. Pp. Xxxiv + 482, Illus. ISBN 0-8153-1807-3. $84.00. - Volume 7: Ronald L. Numbers , Selected Works of George McCready Price. Pp. Xvii. [REVIEW]Edward J. Larson - 1996 - British Journal for the History of Science 29 (2):250.
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  29.  30
    Ronald L. Sandler,Character and Environment—a Virtue‐Oriented Approach to Environmental Ethics:Character and Environment—a Virtue‐Oriented Approach to Environmental Ethics. [REVIEW]Jeremy Bendik‐Keymer - 2008 - Ethics 118 (3):575-579.
  30.  20
    David G. Lindberg and Ronald L. Numbers, Eds., "God & Nature. Historical Essays on the Encounter Between Christianity and Science". [REVIEW]Richard H. Popkin - 1989 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (2):316.
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  31.  24
    Ronald L. Numbers. The Creationists: From Scientific Creationism to Intelligent Design. Expanded Edition. Vii + 606 Pp., Figs., Index. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2006. $21.95. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Weldon - 2007 - Isis 98 (4):871-873.
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  32.  74
    Ronald L. Hall, the Human Embrace: The Love of Philosophy and the Philosophy of Love; Kierkegaard, Cavell, Nussbaum. [REVIEW]James C. Edwards - 2002 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 51 (3):215-217.
  33.  55
    Biology and Ideology: From Descartes to Dawkins Edited by Denis R. Alexander and Ronald L. Numbers.Becker Matthew - 2011 - Zygon 46 (3):761-762.
  34.  20
    Creationism in Twentieth-Century America: A Ten-Volume Anthology of Documents, 1903-1961. Ronald L. Numbers, William Vance Trollinger, Jr., Paul Nelson, Edward B. Davis, Mark A. Kalthoff. [REVIEW]Mark A. Noll - 1997 - Isis 88 (1):160-162.
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  35.  18
    The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri, 1: Inferno.Dante Alighieri Robert M. Durling Ronald L. Martinez Robert Turner.Theodore Cachey - 1999 - Speculum 74 (2):400-403.
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  36.  1
    Jeff Hardin, Ronald L. Numbers and Ronald A. Binzley , The Warfare Between Science and Religion: The Idea That Wouldn't Die. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2018. Pp. 355. ISBN 978-1-4214-2618-1. $39.95. [REVIEW]Geoffrey Cantor - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Science 52 (2):375-376.
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  37.  17
    Ronald L. Numbers, The Creationists: The Evolution of Scientific Creationism. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1992. Pp. Xvii + 458. ISBN 0-679-40104-0. $27.50. [REVIEW]John Brooke - 1994 - British Journal for the History of Science 27 (2):238-239.
  38.  16
    Peter Harrison;, Ronald L. Numbers;, Michael H. Shank . Wrestling with Nature: From Omens to Science. X + 440 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2011. $95. [REVIEW]John Henry - 2012 - Isis 103 (1):159-160.
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  39.  4
    Wrestling with Nature: From Omens to Science - Edited by Peter Harrison, Ronald L. Numbers and Michael H. Shank.Eleanor Robson - 2012 - Centaurus 54 (2):192-193.
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    Book Review: David C. Lindberg and Ronald L. Numbers, Eds., When Science & Christianity Meet , Xii + 357 Pp., Illus., $29.00. [REVIEW]Ryan C. MacPherson - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (1):182-184.
  41.  11
    Creationism in Europe. Edited by Stefaan Blancke, Hans Henrik Hjermitslev, and Peter C. Kjærgaard. Foreword by Ronald L. Numbers. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014. 276 Pp. US $39.95. [REVIEW]Willem B. Drees - 2017 - Zygon 52 (2):587-588.
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  42.  14
    Galileo Goes to Jail and Other Myths About Science and Religion Edited by Ronald L. Numbers.Michael E. Allsopp - 2010 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 10 (3):625-627.
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  43.  14
    Peter Harrison, Ronald L. Numbers and Michael H. Shank , Wrestling with Nature: From Omens to Science. Chicago and London: Chicago University Press, 2011. Pp. X+416. ISBN 978-0-226-31783-0. £22.50. [REVIEW]David Beck - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Science 45 (2):282-283.
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  44.  13
    Ronald L. Numbers . Medicine in the New World—New Spain, New France and New England. Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press, 1987. Pp. 175. ISBN 0-87049-517-8. $18.95. [REVIEW]Andrew Cunningham - 1988 - British Journal for the History of Science 21 (3):377-378.
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  45.  12
    Time and the Crystal: Studies in Dante's "Rime Petrose.". Robert M. Durling, Ronald L. Martinez.Albert Ascoli - 1993 - Speculum 68 (3):751-753.
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  46.  12
    Short Notices of Books Medicine Without Doctors: Home Health Care in American History. Edited by Guenter B. Risse, Ronald L. Numbers, and Judith Waltzer Leavitt. New York: Science History Publications, 1977. Pp. 124. $7·95/$4·95. [REVIEW]Andrew Wear - 1979 - British Journal for the History of Science 12 (2):236-236.
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  47.  12
    John Hedley Brooke;, Ronald L. Numbers . Science and Religion Around the World. Xv + 316 Pp., Bibls., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. $29.99. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Weldon - 2012 - Isis 103 (1):156-157.
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  48.  11
    The Plutonium Story: The Journals of Professor Glenn T. Seaborg, 1939-1946. Glenn Theodore Seaborg, Ronald L. Kathren, Jerry B. Gough, Gary T. BenefielWorking on the Bomb: An Oral History of World War II Hanford. S. L. Sanger, Craig Wollner. [REVIEW]Russell B. Olwell - 1996 - Isis 87 (4):753-754.
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  49.  11
    David C. Lindberg & Ronald L. Numbers . God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter Between Christianity and Science. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 1986. Pp. Xi + 516. ISBN 0-520-05538-1, £42.50 ; 0-520-04592-2, £15.25. [REVIEW]Colin Russell - 1987 - British Journal for the History of Science 20 (3):355-356.
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  50.  11
    Disease and Distinctiveness in the American South. Todd L. Savitt, James Harvey YoungScience and Medicine in the Old South. Ronald L. Numbers, Todd L. Savitt. [REVIEW]Steven Stowe - 1990 - Isis 81 (4):793-794.
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