Results for 'Turo-Kimmo Lehtonen'

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  1. The Forms and Limits of Insurance Solidarity.Turo-Kimmo Lehtonen & Jyri Liukko - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (S1):33-44.
    What makes insurance special among risk technologies is the particular way in which it links solidarity and technical rationality. On one hand, within insurance practices ‘risk’ is always defined in technical terms. It is related to monetary measurement of value and to statistical probability calculated for a limited population. On the other hand, and at the same time, insurance has an inherent connection to solidarity. When taking out an insurance, one participates in the risk pool within which each member is (...)
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  2.  25
    Objectifying Climate Change.Turo-Kimmo Lehtonen - 2017 - Political Theory 45 (1):32-51.
    For quite some time, reinsurance companies have been pricing the ongoing climate change using weather- and catastrophe-related instruments and thus have been able to make money through climate change. Yet, at the same time, for reinsurance companies it is crucial that the likelihood of the events they underwrite is diminished as much as possible. Consequently, while profiting from the situation, these key actors of global capitalism also work to prevent climate change from taking place, and support the kinds of measures, (...)
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  3.  17
    Producing Solidarity, Inequality and Exclusion Through Insurance.Turo-Kimmo Lehtonen & Jyri Liukko - 2015 - Res Publica 21 (2):155-169.
    The article presents two main arguments. First, we claim that in contemporary societies, insurance enacts peculiar kinds of solidarities as well as inequality and exclusion. Especially important in this respect are life, health, disability and old age pension insurance, both in compulsory and voluntary forms. Second, the article maintains that the ideas of solidarity, inequality and exclusion are transformed by the machinery of insurance. In other words, the concrete ways in which insurance relations are practically arranged have an effect on (...)
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  4.  47
    On Simmel’s Conception of Philosophy.Turo-Kimmo Lehtonen & Olli Pyyhtinen - 2008 - Continental Philosophy Review 41 (3):301-322.
    Over the past few decades, the work of Georg Simmel (1858–1918) has again become of interest. Its reception, however, has been fairly one-sided and selective, mostly because Simmel’s philosophy has been bypassed in favor of his sociological contributions. This article examines Simmel’s explicit reflections on the nature of philosophy. Simmel defines philosophy through three aspects which, according to him, are common to all philosophical schools. First, philosophical reasoning implies the effort to think without preconditions. Second, Simmel maintains that in contrast (...)
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  5.  1
    Serres and Foundations.Turo-Kimmo Lehtonen - 2020 - Theory, Culture and Society 37 (3):3-22.
    While Michel Serres’ work has become relatively well-known among social theoreticians in recent years, his explicit thematization of the foundations of human collectives has gained surprisingly little attention. This article claims that Serres’ approach to the theme of foundations can be clarified by scrutinizing the way in which he poses and answers the following three questions: How are we together? What and whom do we exclude from our togetherness and how? Who are we today? Instead of starting with a ready-made (...)
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  6.  13
    Corpses, Maggots, Poodles and Rats: Emotional Selection Operating in Three Phases of Cultural Transmission of Urban Legends.Kimmo Eriksson & Julie C. Coultas - 2014 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 14 (1-2):1-26.
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  7.  6
    Cross-Cultural Differences in Emotional Selection on Transmission of Information.Kimmo Eriksson, Julie C. Coultas & Mícheál de Barra - 2016 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 16 (1-2):122-143.
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  8.  8
    Distorted Usability Design in IT Tendering.Kimmo Tarkkanen, Jani Koskinen & Ville Harkke - 2015 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 45 (3):326-331.
    Request-for-proposals are documents in IT tendering that define the selection criteria, evaluation procedures and system requirements including system usability. IT vendors' perspective on RFP-originated system configuration and usability design is less studied than of IT procuring organizations. Analysis of empirical data collected from large IT tendering shows that from the vendor's perspective the objectives and means of usability design during the tendering differ drastically from general usability work. During the tendering, the fundamentals of usability recommendations can be based solely on (...)
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  9.  43
    The Concept of a Point of View.Tommi Lehtonen - 2011 - SATS 12 (2):237 - 252.
    The aim of this article is to provide an epistemological account of the concept of a point of view. The focus of the article is componential and therefore different variables in the concept of a point of view will be discussed. The article concludes that the concept of a point of view refers to mental viewing or rational consideration, which has many constituents, some of which relate to the observing subject, some to the tools of observing, and some to the (...)
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  10.  35
    Independence of Visual Awareness From the Scope of Attention: An Electrophysiological Study.Mika Koivisto, Antti Revonsuo & Minna Lehtonen - 2006 - Cerebral Cortex 16 (3):415-424.
  11.  12
    Gustaf Strengell and Nordic Modernism.Kimmo Sarje - 2008 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 19 (35).
  12.  9
    The Role of Attention in Processing Morphologically Complex Spoken Words: An EEG/MEG Study.Alina Leminen, Minna Lehtonen, Miika Leminen, Päivi Nevalainen, Jyrki P. Mäkelä & Teija Kujala - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  13.  13
    Ethical Investment Policy of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.Tuomo Takala & Kimmo Kääriäinen - 2003 - Business Ethics 12 (3):258–264.
  14.  8
    Using Models to Predict Cultural Evolution From Emotional Selection Mechanisms.Kimmo Eriksson & Pontus Strimling - 2019 - Emotion Review 12 (2):79-92.
    Cultural variants may spread by being more appealing, more memorable, or less offensive than other cultural variants. Empirical studies suggest that such “emotional selection” is a force to be reckoned with in cultural evolution. We present a research paradigm that is suitable for the study of emotional selection. It guides empirical research by directing attention to the circumstances under which emotions influence the likelihood that an individual will influence another individual to acquire a cultural variant. We present a modeling framework (...)
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  15.  14
    Ethical Investment Policy of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.Tuomo Takala & Kimmo Kaariainen - 2003 - Business Ethics: A European Review 12 (3):258-264.
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  16.  1
    Phonological Task Enhances the Frequency-Following Response to Deviant Task-Irrelevant Speech Sounds.Kimmo Alho, Katarzyna Żarnowiec, Natàlia Gorina-Careta & Carles Escera - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  17.  1
    Gender Differences in the Interest in Mathematics Schoolwork Across 50 Countries.Kimmo Eriksson - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Although much research has found girls to be less interested in mathematics than boys are, there are many countries in which the opposite holds. I hypothesize that variation in gender differences in interest are driven by a complex process in which national culture promoting high math achievement drives down interest in math schoolwork, with the effect being amplified among girls due to their higher conformity to peer influence. Predictions from this theory were tested in a study of data on more (...)
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  18. Deliberative Mini-Publics: Practices, Promises, Pitfalls.Kimmo Grönlund - 2013 - Columbia University Press.
    This book takes stock of the wide range of practices of deliberative mini-publics. More concretely, it takes an informed look at preconditions, processes, and outcomes. Furthermore, it provides a critical assessment of the experience with mini-publics, in particular policy-impact. The book brings together leading scholars in the field, most notably James S. Fishkin and Mark E. Warren. It speaks to students and scholars with an interest in democracy and democratic innovations. This is the first comprehensive account of the booming practice (...)
     
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  19. Discussion on Scientific Atheism as a Soviet Science, 1960-1985.Kimmo Kääriäinen - 1989 - Distributor, Akateeminen Kirjakauppa.
     
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  20.  31
    Façades and Functions Sigurd Frosterus as a Critic of Architecture.Kimmo Sarje - 2011 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 22 (40-41).
    Alongside his work as a practising architect, Sigurd Frosterus (1876–1956) was one of Finland’s leading architectural critics during the first decades of the 20th century. In his early life, Frosterus was a strict rationalist who wanted to develop architecture towards scientific ideals instead of historical, archaeological, or mythological approaches. According to him, an architect had to analyse his tasks of construction in order to be able to logically justify his solutions, and he must take advantage of the possibilities of the (...)
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  21.  1
    Façades and Functions.Kimmo Sarje - 2011 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 22 (40-41).
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  22.  16
    Tommi Lehtonen Punishment, Atonement and Merit in Modern Philosophy of Religion. (Schriften der Luther–Agricola Gesellschaft, 44). (Helsinki: Luther–Agricola Society, 1999). Pp. 292. £15.00 Pbk. [REVIEW]S. F. - 2000 - Religious Studies 36 (1):123-125.
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  23.  5
    Between a Rock and a Hard Place.Pauliina Lehtonen & Heikki Heikkilä - 2003 - Communications 28 (2):157-172.
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  24. Brief Notices-Medieval History Writing and Crusading Ideology.Tuomas Ms Lehtonen, Villads Kurt Jensen, Janne Maikki & Katja Ritari - 2007 - Speculum 82 (1):256.
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  25.  7
    Ethics in the Real World: 82 Brief Essays on Things That Matter. [REVIEW]Tommi Lehtonen - 2018 - The European Legacy 23 (1-2):201-202.
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  26.  14
    From an Undifferentiated Cry Towards a Modulated Signal.Johannes Lehtonen - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):467-467.
    The colic cry as a signal of undifferentiated vigour, and not a disease, is good news. This hypothesis also has neurobiological perspectives. Feeding increases the pain threshold of the infant and has an effect on its brain functions. These may contribute, by neurobiological mechanisms, to the gradual decline in the tendency for excessive crying during the first months of life.
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  27.  6
    Good Government: Democracy Beyond Elections: By Pierre Rosanvallon, Translated by Malcolm DeBevoise, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2018, 338 Pp., $39.95/£28.95/€36.00.Tommi Lehtonen - 2019 - The European Legacy 25 (4):488-490.
    Volume 25, Issue 4, June 2020, Page 488-490.
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  28.  12
    Implicaturism.Tommi Lehtonen - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 45:177-183.
    In this paper, I will introduce and argue for a new view on religious faith and language, a view that focuses on the use and context of use of religious expressions. I call this view implicaturism. As one may guess, ‘implicaturism’ comes from ‘implicature’, a term coined by Paul Grice. For Grice, implicature is a technical term for certain kinds of inferences that are drawn from statements without those inferences being logical implications or entailments. In the view of religious faith (...)
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  29.  2
    Idealization and Exemplification as Tools of Philosophy.Tommi Lehtonen - 2012 - E-Logos 19 (1):1-15.
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  30. I, Daniel Blake (2016): Vulnerability, Care and Citizenship in Austerity Politics.Aura Lehtonen & Jacqueline Gibbs - 2019 - Feminist Review 122 (1):49-63.
    This article offers a reading of Ken Loach’s 2016 film I, Daniel Blake, a fictionalised account of experiences of the UK welfare system in conditions of austerity. We consider, firstly, the significant challenge the film poses to dominant figurations of welfare recipients under austerity, through a focus on vulnerability to state processes. We follow with a reading of some of the film’s interventions in relation to reciprocity, drawing on the important trajectories of care, community and resistance that the film renders (...)
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  31.  1
    Ni ṣ kāmakarma and the Prisoner’s Dilemma.Tommi Lehtonen - forthcoming - Sophia:1-15.
    The Bhagavadgītā, part of the sixth book of the Hindu epic The Mahābhārata, offers a practical approach to mokṣa, or liberation, and freedom from saṃsāra, or the cycle of death and rebirth. According to the approach, known as karmayoga, salvation results from attention to duty and the recognition of past acts that inform the present and will direct the future. In the Bhagavadgītā, Kṛṣṇa advocates selfless action as the ideal path to realizing the truth about oneself as well as the (...)
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  32.  4
    Transformation, Innovation and Adaptation for Sustainability. Integrating Natural and Social Sciences.Markku Lehtonen - 2010 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 18 (2):202-205.
  33.  17
    The Notion of Merit in Indian Religions.Tommi Lehtonen - 2000 - Asian Philosophy 10 (3):189 – 204.
    There are uses of the term merit in Indian religions which also appear in secular contexts, but in addition there are other uses that are not encountered outside religion. Transfer of merit is a specific doctrine in whose connection the term merit is used with an intention which is not the same as that found in nonreligious contexts. Two main types of transfer of merit can be distinguished. First, the transfer of merit has been associated with certain ritual practices in (...)
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  34.  7
    The Relationship Between Neurophysiology and Psychoanalysis in the Light of Dream Research.Johannes Lehtonen & Antony Landon - 1980 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 23 (3):415-423.
  35.  7
    Tommi Lehtonen Punishment, Atonement and Merit in Modern Philosophy of Religion. (Schriften der Luther–Agricola Gesellschaft, 44). (Helsinki: Luther–Agricola Society, 1999). Pp. 292. £15.00 Pbk. [REVIEW]W. F. S. M. - 2000 - Religious Studies 36 (1):123-125.
  36.  16
    Higher-Order Processes in Auditory-Change Detection.Risto Näätänen & Kimmo Alho - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):44-45.
  37.  5
    Electrophysiology of Attention.Risto Näätänen, Kimmo Alho & Erich Schröger - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
  38.  6
    Brain Activations During Bimodal Dual Tasks Depend on the Nature and Combination of Component Tasks.Emma Salo, Teemu Rinne, Oili Salonen & Kimmo Alho - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  39.  4
    Flow Experiences During Visuomotor Skill Acquisition Reflect Deviation From a Power-Law Learning Curve, but Not Overall Level of Skill.Benjamin Ultan Cowley, Jussi Palomäki, Tuisku Tammi, Roosa Frantsi, Ville-Pekka Inkilä, Noora Lehtonen, Pasi Pölönen, Juha Vepsäläinen & Otto Lappi - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  40.  28
    Using Statistical Models of Morphology in the Search for Optimal Units of Representation in the Human Mental Lexicon.Sami Virpioja, Minna Lehtonen, Annika Hultén, Henna Kivikari, Riitta Salmelin & Krista Lagus - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (3):939-973.
    Determining optimal units of representing morphologically complex words in the mental lexicon is a central question in psycholinguistics. Here, we utilize advances in computational sciences to study human morphological processing using statistical models of morphology, particularly the unsupervised Morfessor model that works on the principle of optimization. The aim was to see what kind of model structure corresponds best to human word recognition costs for multimorphemic Finnish nouns: a model incorporating units resembling linguistically defined morphemes, a whole-word model, or a (...)
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  41.  25
    The Implications of Learning Across Perceptually and Strategically Distinct Situations.Daniel Cownden, Kimmo Eriksson & Pontus Strimling - 2016 - Synthese:1-18.
    Game theory is a formal approach to behavior that focuses on the strategic aspect of situations. The game theoretic approach originates in economics but has been embraced by scholars across disciplines, including many philosophers and biologists. This approach has an important weakness: the strategic aspect of a situation, which is its defining quality in game theory, is often not its most salient quality in human cognition. Evidence from a wide range of experiments highlights this shortcoming. Previous theoretical and empirical work (...)
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  42.  16
    The Implications of Learning Across Perceptually and Strategically Distinct Situations.Daniel Cownden, Kimmo Eriksson & Pontus Strimling - 2018 - Synthese 195 (2):511-528.
    Game theory is a formal approach to behavior that focuses on the strategic aspect of situations. The game theoretic approach originates in economics but has been embraced by scholars across disciplines, including many philosophers and biologists. This approach has an important weakness: the strategic aspect of a situation, which is its defining quality in game theory, is often not its most salient quality in human cognition. Evidence from a wide range of experiments highlights this shortcoming. Previous theoretical and empirical work (...)
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  43.  11
    Rationalizable Strategies in Games with Incomplete Preferences.Juho Kokkala, Kimmo Berg, Kai Virtanen & Jirka Poropudas - 2019 - Theory and Decision 86 (2):185-204.
    This paper introduces a new solution concept for games with incomplete preferences. The concept is based on rationalizability and it is more general than the existing ones based on Nash equilibrium. In rationalizable strategies, we assume that the players choose nondominated strategies given their beliefs of what strategies the other players may choose. Our solution concept can also be used, e.g., in ordinal games where the standard notion of rationalizability cannot be applied. We show that the sets of rationalizable strategies (...)
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  44.  27
    Neuroscience, Neurophilosophy, and Pragmatism: Brains at Work with the World Ed. By Tibor Solymosi & John R. Shook.José Filipe Silva & Kimmo Alho - 2015 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 51 (3):389-393.
    The general aim of this very welcome volume is to explore the relation between pragmatism and neuroscience. The thirteen chapters are evenly divided into four parts, roughly organized around the themes of brain and pragmatism, emotion and cognition, creativity and education, and ethics.The beginning chapter written by the editors attempts to show that advances in behavioral and brain sciences intersect core theses of pragmatism with regards to cognition and the mind-world relation. The basic assumption is that neuroscience and pragmatism share (...)
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  45.  20
    Editorial: Morphologically Complex Words in the Mind/Brain.Alina Leminen, Minna Lehtonen, Mirjana Bozic & Harald Clahsen - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  46. Sae Sidae Ŭi Yullyŏ, Pʻumba Pʻumba Tŭrŏ Kanda.Chi-ha Kim - 2009 - Irum.
  47.  3
    Give More Data, Awareness and Control to Individual Citizens, and They Will Help COVID-19 Containment.Mirco Nanni, Gennady Andrienko, Albert-László Barabási, Chiara Boldrini, Francesco Bonchi, Ciro Cattuto, Francesca Chiaromonte, Giovanni Comandé, Marco Conti, Mark Coté, Frank Dignum, Virginia Dignum, Josep Domingo-Ferrer, Paolo Ferragina, Fosca Giannotti, Riccardo Guidotti, Dirk Helbing, Kimmo Kaski, Janos Kertesz, Sune Lehmann, Bruno Lepri, Paul Lukowicz, Stan Matwin, David Megías Jiménez, Anna Monreale, Katharina Morik, Nuria Oliver, Andrea Passarella, Andrea Passerini, Dino Pedreschi, Alex Pentland, Fabio Pianesi, Francesca Pratesi, Salvatore Rinzivillo, Salvatore Ruggieri, Arno Siebes, Vicenc Torra, Roberto Trasarti, Jeroen van den Hoven & Alessandro Vespignani - forthcoming - Ethics and Information Technology.
    The rapid dynamics of COVID-19 calls for quick and effective tracking of virus transmission chains and early detection of outbreaks, especially in the “phase 2” of the pandemic, when lockdown and other restriction measures are progressively withdrawn, in order to avoid or minimize contagion resurgence. For this purpose, contact-tracing apps are being proposed for large scale adoption by many countries. A centralized approach, where data sensed by the app are all sent to a nation-wide server, raises concerns about citizens’ privacy (...)
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  48.  4
    Prenatal Risk Factors for Adverse Developmental Outcome in Preterm Infants—Systematic Review.Milla K. Ylijoki, Eeva Ekholm, Mikael Ekblad & Liisa Lehtonen - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  49.  21
    Nosewitness Identification: Effects of Lineup Size and Retention Interval.Laura Alho, Sandra C. Soares, Liliana P. Costa, Elisa Pinto, Jacqueline H. T. Ferreira, Kimmo Sorjonen, Carlos F. Silva & Mats J. Olsson - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  50. Normalizing in Student Counseling: Counselors’ Responses to Students’ Problem Descriptions.Elina Weiste, Liisa Voutilainen & Kimmo Svinhufvud - 2017 - Discourse Studies 19 (2):196-215.
    University students seek counseling to discuss concerns about their academic skills, motivation, time management and well-being. This article examines the conversational activity of normalizing recurrently used by counselors to manage students’ negative emotions and troubles-telling. Normalizing refers to an activity in which something in the interaction is made normal by labeling it ‘normal’ or ‘commonplace’ or by interpreting it in an ordinary way. Three uses for normalizing were identified in a sample of 16 videotaped counseling sessions: supporting the student’s position, (...)
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