Results for 'insider trading'

835 found
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  1. Analyzing Insider Trading From the Perspectives of Utilitarian Ethics and Rights Theory.Robert W. McGee - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):65-82.
    The common view is that insider trading is always unethical and illegal. But such is not the case. Some forms of insider trading are legal. Furthermore, applying ethical principles to insider trading causes one to conclude that it is also sometimes ethical. This paper attempts to get past the hype, the press reports, and the political grandstanding to get to the truth of the matter. The author applies two sets of ethical principles – utilitarianism (...)
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  2. Applying Ethics to Insider Trading.Robert W. McGee - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2):205 - 217.
    Insider trading has received a bad name in recent decades. The popular press makes it sound like an evil practice where those who engage in it are totally devoid of ethical principles. Yet not all insider trading is unethical and some studies have concluded that certain kinds of insider trading are actually beneficial to the greater investment community. Some scholars in philosophy, law and economics have disputed whether insider trading should be punished (...)
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  3.  40
    An Experiment Testing the Determinants of Non-Compliance with Insider Trading Laws.Joseph D. Beams, Robert M. Brown & Larry N. Killough - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (4):309 - 323.
    Recent stories of corporate insiders avoiding losses and, in some cases, generating enormous personal profits as their companies crumbled have led investors to question the integrity of American business and the fairness of the United States stock markets. The SEC tries to ensure the fairness of the stock markets by making and enforcing laws against unfair practices such as insider trading. In the United States, when insiders trade stock based on non-public information, they have broken the law and (...)
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  4.  29
    The Determinants of Regulatory Compliance: An Analysis of Insider Trading Disclosures in Italy.Emanuele Bajo, Marco Bigelli, David Hillier & Barbara Petracci - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (3):331-343.
    This paper investigates the determinants of regulatory compliance in corporate organizations. Exploiting a unique enforcement and reporting framework for insider trading in Italy, we present three main findings. First, board governance, such as chief executive–chairman duality and the proportion of non-executive directors, does not increase the propensity of firms to comply with regulation. Second, family firms and firms with a high degree of separation of ownership from control are most likely to comply with regulation. Third, corporate ethos is (...)
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  5.  60
    The Issue of Insider Trading in Law and Economics: Lessons for Emerging Financial Markets in the World. [REVIEW]E. Mine Cinar - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 19 (4):345 - 353.
    Growth of the private sector and privatization of state companies around the world have led to the emergence of various stock markets, some of which are depicted by insider trading. Law literature uses the arguments of unfairness, breach of fiduciary rights and damage to others to define and rule against insider trading. Economic literature can be used to interpret insider trading from other perspectives. This study argues that the question of insider trading (...)
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  6.  43
    Ma and Sun on Insider Trading Ethics.Milton Snoeyenbos & Kenneth Smith - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 28 (4):361 - 363.
    Ma and Sun have recently argued that some forms of insider trading are ethically acceptable. We argue that the authors fail to prove three key premises of their argument, which is therefore unsound.
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  7.  35
    The Cultures of Insider Trading.Meir Statman - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (S1):51 - 58.
    Paul Bond is a lawyer who overheard two other lawyers at his office discussing the proposed purchase of a company by one of their clients. He proceeds to buy shares of this company. Would you rate Bond's behavior completely fair, acceptable, unfair, or very unfair? I posed this vignette to samples of university students in China, Taiwan, and the U. S. Most students in the U. S. and Taiwan samples rated Bond's behavior unfair or very unfair while most students in (...)
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  8.  93
    Ethical Reasoning and the Use of Insider Information in Stock Trading.Mohammad Abdolmohammadi & Jahangir Sultan - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (2):165 - 173.
    The cognitive developmental theory of ethics suggests that there is a positive relationship between ethical reasoning and ethical behavior. In this study, we trained a sample of accounting and finance students in performing competitive stock trading in our state-of-the-art trading room. The subjects then performed trading of stocks under two experimental conditions: insider information, and no-insider information where significant performance-based financial awards were at stake. We also administered the Defining Issues Test. Ethical behavior, as the (...)
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  9. What is Really Unethical About Insider Trading?Jennifer Moore - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (3):171 - 182.
    Insider trading is illegal, and is widely believed to be unethical. It has received widespread attention in the media and has become, for some, the very symbol of ethical decay in business. For a practice that has come to epitomize unethical business behavior, however, insider trading has received surprisingly little ethical analysis. This article critically examines the principal ethical arguments against insider trading: the claim that the practice is unfair, the claim that it involves (...)
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  10.  80
    The Ethics of Insider Trading Revisited.Peter-Jan Engelen & Luc Van Liedekerke - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (4):497 - 507.
    Following Manne (1966, Insider Trading and the Stock Market (New York, Free Press)) we introduce a distinction between insider trading and market manipulation on the one hand and corporate insiders versus misappropriators on the other hand. This gives rise to four types of alleged inside transactions. We argue that the literature on insider trading has often targeted inside transactions type II, III and IV but that these arguments do not necessarily hold for type I (...)
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  11. The Ethics of Insider Trading.Patricia H. Werhane - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (11):841 - 845.
    Despite the fact that a number of economists and philosophers of late defend insider trading both as a viable and useful practice in a free market and as not immoral, I shall question the value of insider trading both from a moral and an economic point of view. I shall argue that insider trading both in its present illegal form and as a legalized market mechanism undermines the efficient and proper functioning of a free (...)
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  12.  10
    Applying Ethics to Insider Trading.Robert W. McGee - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2):205-217.
    Insider trading has received a bad name in recent decades. The popular press makes it sound like an evil practice where those who engage in it are totally devoid of ethical principles. Yet not all insider trading is unethical and some studies have concluded that certain kinds of insider trading are actually beneficial to the greater investment community. Some scholars in philosophy, law and economics have disputed whether insider trading should be punished (...)
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  13.  81
    Where Should the Line Be Drawn on Insider Trading Ethics?Yulong Ma & Huey-Lian Sun - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (1):67-75.
    Finance ethics have drawn increasing attention from both government regulators and academic researchers. This paper addresses the issue of insider trading ethics. Previous studies on insider trading ethics have failed to provide convincing arguments and consistent results. In particular, the arguments against insider trading are based primarily on moral and philosophical grounds and lack empirical rigor. This study intends to establish and examine the relationship between the ethical issue and economic issue of insider (...)
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  14.  48
    Predictors of Ethical Decisions Regarding Insider Trading.David E. Terpstra, Mario G. C. Reyes & Donald W. Bokor - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (9):699 - 710.
    This paper examines potential predictors of ethical decisions regarding insider trading. An interactionist perspective is taken, in which person variables, situational variables, and the interaction of these two sets of variables are viewed as influencing ethical decisions. The results of our study support such a perspective. Ethical decisions regarding insider trading appear to be a function of a complex set of interacting variables related to both the person and the situation. The implications of these findings are (...)
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  15.  80
    The Indefensibility of Insider Trading.Patricia H. Werhane - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (9):729 - 731.
    The article, Inside Trading Revisited, has taken the stance that insider trading is neither unethical nor economically inefficient. Attacking my arguments to the contrary developed in an earlier article, The Ethics of Inside Trading (Journal of Business Ethics, 1989) this article constructs careful arguments and even appeals to Adam Smith to justify its conclusions. In my response to this article I shall clarify my position as well as that of Smith to support my counter-contention that (...) trading is both unethical and inefficient. (shrink)
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  16.  11
    The Economics of Insider Trading: A Free Market Perspective.Taylor Smith & Walter E. Block - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (1):47-53.
    We deny that asymmetrical information is a market failure. In order to make this case, we subject to critical scrutiny the strongest case for this thesis: the view that laws prohibiting insider trading are viable, necessary, or compatible with the rule of law.
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  17.  45
    Insider Trading Revisited.Deryl W. Martin & Jeffrey H. Peterson - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (1):57 - 61.
    A recent article in this Journal argued that insider trading is an unethical practice leading to an inefficiently functioning market. The debate on this topic has primarily pitted ethical defenses of prohibition against economic arguments extolling its allowance. In addition to being incomplete, this approach ignores other unwanted economic effects of prohibition itself and unethical implications of its existence. This article shows that Adam Smith's free market concept, when properly interpreted, provides all the incentive structure necessary for an (...)
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  18.  40
    The Effect of the Recent Insider-Trading Scandal on Stock Prices of Securities Firms.Khalil M. Torabzadeh, Dan Davidson & Hamid Assar - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (4):299 - 303.
    This paper addresses the impact of the unethical business conduct of a few individuals that shook the financial market in 1986. Specifically, in the study undertaken for this paper, the wealth status of the shareholders of securities firms was examined in relation to the public disclosure of the insider-trading scandals involving Dennis Levine, Ivan Boesky, and their confederates. It was hypothesized that the expected market-adjusted stock returns for the securities firms would be negative as a result of the (...)
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  19.  37
    Insider Trading and the Greek Stock Market.Panagiotis Lekkas - 1998 - Business Ethics 7 (4):193–199.
    This article is divided into two parts: in the first we explore the academic debate conducted at an international level about insider trading (IT). In particular, we exame IT on three grounds: economic, ethical and legal. In each section we present the arguments in favour of and against IT and then we give our personal opinion. In the second part we present the situation in the Athens Stock Exchange. We examine its past record on the issue of IT (...)
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  20.  7
    Ethics, Markets, and the Legalization of Insider Trading.Bruce W. Klaw & Don Mayer - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-16.
    In light of recent doctrinal changes, we examine the confused state of U.S. insider trading law, identifying gaps that permit certain market participants to trade on the basis of material nonpublic information, and contrast U.S. insider trading doctrine with the European approach. We then explore the ethical implications of the status quo in the U.S., explaining why the dominant legal justifications for prohibiting classical insider trading and misappropriation—the fiduciary duty and property rights theories—fail to (...)
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  21.  42
    Justice and Insider Trading.Richard L. Lippke - 1993 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 10 (2):215-226.
    While many countries are following the lead of the United States in making insider trading illegal, its moral status is still controversial. I summarise the scholarly debate over the fairness of insider trading and lay bare the assumptions about fairness implicit in that debate. I focus on the question whether those assumptions can be defended independently of a more comprehensive theory of social justice. Current analyses presuppose that we can intelligently discuss what the social rules regarding (...)
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  22.  31
    Insider Trading and the Social Contract.Steven R. Salbu - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (2):313-328.
    The law of insider trading has progressed from an expansive approach, according to which all trading on nonpublic information was considered illegal, to a constricted approach, under which corporate outsiders are permitted to trade on nonpublic information provided such trading does not breach a fiduciary duty. This article analyzes both the former, expansive theory and the currently utilized constricted theory, within a framework of basic tenets of the American capitalist social contract regarding legitimacy of property claims. (...)
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  23.  38
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Insider Trading.Jinhua Cui, Hoje Jo & Yan Li - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (4):869-887.
    This study examines the impact of corporate social responsibility activities on insider trading. While opponents of insider trading claim that the buying or selling of a security by insiders who have access to non-public information is illegal, proponents argue that insider trading improves economic efficiency and fairness when corporate insiders buy and sell stock in their own companies. Based on extensive U.S. data of insider trading and CSR engagement, we find that both (...)
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  24.  7
    The Challenges of Detection and Enforcement of Insider Trading.Brian J. Adams, Tod Perry & Colin Mahoney - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (2):375-388.
    Trading on non-public material information is fertile ground for a discussion of ethical behavior. The long-running legal tug-of-war over what constitutes illegal insider trading delivers challenges to regulatory authorities charged with detecting and enforcing the law, and is likely one of the reasons that prosecution of insider trading events remains rather uncommon. One can observe both increased volume in the equity and option markets and run-ups in the stock price prior to the announcement of the (...)
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  25.  19
    Ownership Structure and Insider Trading: Evidence From China.Qing He & Oliver M. Rui - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (4):553-574.
    In this paper, we examine the information content of insider transactions in China and analyze how ownership structures shape market reaction to these transactions. We find that the cumulative abnormal return to insider purchases is a convex function of the percentage of shares owned by the largest shareholder. Further, the CAR to insider purchases is lower when the largest shareholder is government-related, or when the control rights of the largest shareholder exceed its cash flow rights. We also (...)
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  26. Should the Government Regulate Insider Trading?Alexandre Padilla - 2010 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 22 (1):379-398.
     
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  27.  29
    A Critical Analysis of Misappropriation Theory in Insider Trading Cases.Steven R. Salbu - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (4):465-477.
    Under the present judicial interpretation of federal securities law, an individual is prohibited from trading on non-public information that has been misappropriated in contravention of a fiduciary duty. Trades made using non-pubIic information that has not been misappropriated are not prohibited by Rule 10b-5, promulgated under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934. The current requirement of misappropriation to trigger Rule 10b-5 liability creates a gap that permits transactions that are both ethically and economically undesirable. Judicial or legislative reforms (...)
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  28.  31
    What is Morally Right with Insider Trading.Tibor R. Machan - 1996 - Public Affairs Quarterly 10 (2):135-142.
  29. The Moral Problem in Insider Trading.Alan Strudler - 2010 - In George G. Brenkert & Tom L. Beauchamp (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Business Ethics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  30. Insider Trading: A Moral Problem.Alan Strudler - 2009 - Philosophy and Public Policy Quarterly 29 (3/4):12-16.
    It turns out to be more difficult than one might think to identify the central moral wrong at the heart of this much publicized and vilified crime.
     
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  31.  22
    Insider Trading.William B. Irvine - 1987 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6 (4):3-33.
  32.  36
    The Consequences of Insider Trading and the Role of Academic Research.Jang Y. Cho & Michael K. Shaub - 1991 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 10 (4):83-98.
  33.  29
    The Effect of Announcements of Corporate Misconduct and Insider Trading on Shareholder Returns.H. Kent Baker, Richard B. Edelman & Gary E. Powell - 1999 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 18 (1):47-64.
  34.  7
    Insider Trading: An Ethical Appraisal.William B. Irvine - 1987 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6 (4):3-33.
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  35.  21
    Alleged Board Insider Trading: The Case of Rajat Gupta.Marlene M. Reed & Rochelle R. Brunson - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 10:339-360.
    This case recounts the story of Rajat Gupta, a Goldman Sachs board member and seniorpartner emeritus of McKinsey & Co., who was accused by the government of giving critical nonpublicfinancial information to Raj Rajaratnam, Galleon Group founder, during the financial crisisof 2008. The information passed along to Rajaratnam was about a pending $5 billion investment byWarren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway in Goldman Sachs at a time when its stock had been faltering.The government alleged that based on this information, Rajaratnam purchased a (...)
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  36.  17
    Insider Trading, Ethical Attitudes and Culture: An Experimental Market Analysis.J. C. Gaa, S. M. Khalid Nainar & Mohamed Shehata - 2006 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 2 (1):84-100.
  37.  10
    Insider Trading: Extracellular Matrix Proteins and Their Non-Canonical Intracellular Roles.Andrew L. Hellewell & Josephine C. Adams - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (1):77-88.
    In metazoans, the extracellular matrix (ECM) provides a dynamic, heterogeneous microenvironment that has important supportive and instructive roles. Although the primary site of action of ECM proteins is extracellular, evidence is emerging for non‐canonical intracellular roles. Examples include osteopontin, thrombospondins, IGF‐binding protein 3 and biglycan, and relate to roles in transcription, cell‐stress responses, autophagy and cancer. These findings pose conceptual problems on how proteins signalled for secretion can be routed to the cytosol or nucleus, or can function in environments with (...)
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  38.  18
    Insider Trading: Conscience and Critique in Bioethics. [REVIEW]Laurie Zoloth-Dorfman & Susan B. Rubin - 1998 - HEC Forum 10 (1):24-33.
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  39.  10
    Insider Trading, Ethical Attitudes and Culture: An Experimental Market Analysis.James C. Gaa, Khalid Nainar & Mohamed Shehata - 2005 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 2 (1/2):2013-153.
  40.  10
    Securities Fraud in the International Arena: Unilateral Vs. Multilateral Enforcement of Insider Trading Sanctions.Kurt Stanberry, Barbara Crutchfield George & Maria Ross - 1991 - Business and Society 30 (1):27-36.
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  41.  2
    The Effect of Announcements of Corporate Misconduct and Insider Trading on Shareholder Returns.H. Kent Baker, Richard B. Edelman & Gary E. Powell - 1999 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 18 (1):47-64.
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  42. Should Insider Trading Be Outside The Law'.Bill Shaw - 1988 - Business and Society Review 66:34.
     
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  43.  39
    Who Are the Real Victims of Insider Trading?John Dobson - 2012 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 31 (3-4):441-452.
    In this paper I argue that the real and only victims of insider trading are those being wrongfully prosecuted under the current broad interpretation of Rule 10-5 of the Securities Exchange Act. The term ‘insider trading’ has no clear legal definition and thus lends itself to prosecutorial overreach. I argue that such overreach characterizes the numerous insider trading investigations and prosecutions currently being pursued by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Rather than any valid application (...)
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  44.  11
    Owners or Traders: Who Are the Real Victims of Insider Trading?Allen M. Parkman, Barbara C. George & Maria Boss - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (12):965-971.
    This article argues that much of the uproar about insider trading has focused its concerns on the wrong parties. Most of the attention has focused on the adverse effects of insider trading on traders, i.e., individuals who sold while insiders were buying or bought when insiders were selling. The parties that were more likely to be hurt by insider trading are the owners of the companies, i.e., the insiders' employers which for corporations will be (...)
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  45.  11
    A Legal and Economic Analysis of Insider Trading: Establishing an Appropriate Sphere of Regulation.Steven R. Salbu - 1989 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 8 (2):3-21.
  46. A Longitudinal Study of the Effectiveness of Business Ethics Education: Establishing the Baseline. [REVIEW]Donna Fletcher-Brown, Anthony F. Buono, Robert Frederick, Gregory Hall & Jahangir Sultan - 2012 - Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (1):45-56.
    This paper is the first phase of a longitudinal study of the class of 2014 on the effectiveness of ethics education at a business university. This phase of the project establishes the baseline attributes of incoming college freshmen with a pretest of the students’ ethical proclivity as measured by Defining Issues Test (DIT-2) scores. The relationship between the students’ ethical reasoning and their behavior in experimental stock trading sessions is then examined. In the trading simulations, randomly selected students (...)
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  47.  32
    Jared Jackson’s Dilemma.Donald Grunewald & Philip Baron - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 57 (3):303 - 305.
    . Whether to use privileged information as a basis for a decision to sell stock is the central issue in thiscase. A conflict between a stockbrokers perceived obligations to maximize clients stock values and protect their investments (fiduciary responsibility) and violating Security and Exchange Commission insider trading regulations must be resolved.
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  48.  95
    The Nestlé Infant Formula Controversy and a Strange Web of Subsequent Business Scandals.Colin Boyd - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (3):283-293.
    The marketing of infant formula in third-world countries in the 1970s by Nestlé S.A. gave rise to a consumer boycott that came to be a widely taught case study in the field of Business Ethics. This article extends that case study by identifying three specific individuals who were associated with managing Nestlé’s response to that boycott. It reveals their subsequent direct involvement in a number of additional “classic” 1980s business scandals (some of which ended with major criminal trials and the (...)
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  49.  35
    Ethical Conflicts in Finance.Andreas R. Prindl & B. Prodhan (eds.) - 1994 - Blackwell Finance.
    Drawing together leading commentators in the field, this text provides a broad analysis of the most important types of conflict found in finance.
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  50.  32
    Shareholder Authorized Inside Trading: A Legal and Moral Analysis. [REVIEW]Bill Shaw - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (12):913 - 928.
    This article evaluates inside trading from a legal and a moral perspective. From both of these points of view, the practice of inside trading is fraudulent whether it occurs in the traditional format or in the variation known as misappropriation. Fraud is a legal tort and a moral wrong consisting of a breach of duty that intentionally causes harm to persons that the insider can reasonably foresee. In defense against allegations of fraudulent inside trading, the defendant (...)
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