Results for 'Shapiro, Lawrence Andrew'

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  1.  3
    Peter Wright and Andrew Treacher , The Problem of Medical Knowledge. Edinburgh University Press, 1982. Pp. Viii + 232. ISBN 0-85224-417-7. £12.00 .David Armstrong, The Political Anatomy of the Body. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. Pp. Xii + 146. ISBN 0-521-24746-2. £17.50. [REVIEW]Christopher Lawrence - 1985 - British Journal for the History of Science 18 (1):90-91.
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  2.  77
    Error Correction and the Basal Ganglia: Similar Computations for Action, Cognition and Emotion?Andrew D. Lawrence - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (10):365-367.
  3.  62
    Cognitive Functions and Corticostriatal Circuits: Insights From Huntington's Disease.Andrew D. Lawrence, Barbara J. Sahakian & Trevor W. Robbins - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (10):379-388.
  4.  15
    Steps to a Neurochemistry of Personality.Andrew D. Lawrence, Matthias J. Koepp, Roger N. Gunn, Vincent J. Cunningham & Paul M. Grasby - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):528-529.
    Depue & Collins's (D&C's) work relies on extrapolation from data obtained through studies in experimental animals, and needs support from studies of the role of dopamine (DA) neurotransmission in human behaviour. Here we review evidence from two sources: (1) studies of patients with Parkinson's disease and (2) positron emission tomography (PET) studies of DA neurotransmission, which we believe lend support to Depue & Collins's theory, and which can potentially form the basis for a true neurochemistry of personality.
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  5. Mining Arguments From 19th Century Philosophical Texts Using Topic Based Modelling.John Lawrence, Chris Reed, Simon McAlister, Andrew Ravenscroft, Colin Allen & David Bourget - 2014 - In Proceedings of the First Workshop on Argumentation Mining. Baltimore, USA: pp. 79-87.
    In this paper we look at the manual analysis of arguments and how this compares to the current state of automatic argument analysis. These considerations are used to develop a new approach combining a machine learning algorithm to extract propositions from text, with a topic model to determine argument structure. The results of this method are compared to a manual analysis.
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  6.  7
    Who Calls It? Actors and Accounts in the Social Construction of Organizational Moral Failure.Masoud Shadnam, Andrew Crane & Thomas B. Lawrence - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-19.
    In recent years, research on morality in organizational life has begun to examine how organizational conduct comes to be socially constructed as having failed to comply with a community’s accepted morals. Researchers in this stream of research, however, have paid little attention to identifying and theorizing the key actors involved in these social construction processes and the types of accounts they construct. In this paper, we explore a set of key structural and cultural dimensions of apparent noncompliance that enable us (...)
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  7. Brill Online Books and Journals.Kenneth Shapiro, Arnold Arluke, Mary Midgley & Elizabeth Atwood Lawrence - 1993 - Society and Animals 1 (1).
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  8.  21
    Dr Lawrence's Acceptance Speech: Australia's Indigenous Heritage.Carmen Lawrence - 2015 - Australian Humanist, The 119:2.
    Lawrence, Carmen Why should we protect our heritage? In the broadest sense our heritage is what we inherit; it's what we value of that inheritance and what we decide to keep and protect for future generations. Heritage is both global enough to encompass our shock at the destruction of the Buddhas of Bamiyan in Afghanistan and as local as our own sepia-tinted family photographs. Everything which our predecessors have bequeathed, both tangible and intangible, may be called heritage - landscapes, (...)
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  9.  21
    Charitable Knowledge: Hospital Pupils and Practitioners in Eighteenth-Century London. Susan C. Lawrence.Christopher Lawrence - 1997 - Isis 88 (2):344-345.
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  10.  29
    Mark Lawrence 97.Mark Lawrence - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  11. Krytyczna Historia Ucieleśniania Jako Paragydmatu Badawczego Nauk o Poznaniu:(Lawrence Shapiro, Embodied Cognitive)/Kevin Ryan.Lawrence Shapiro & Kevin Ryan - 2012 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (1):386 - 389.
  12. Review of The Mind Incarnate by Lawrence A. Shapiro. [REVIEW]Thomas W. Polger - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Science 8:394-95.
    To what degree must the brains and bodies of creatures with minds have to be similar to the brains and bodies of human beings? Since the late 1960’s, most philosophers and cognitive scientists have supposed that there a relatively few constraints on what sorts of brains and bodies can realize minds. It is widely believed that minds are multiply realizable. Of course there were always dissenters, and in recent years their grumbling has grown harder to dismiss. In The Mind Incarnate (...)
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  13.  52
    Travelling in Style From Standard Cognitive Science to Embodied Cognition. Review of “Embodied Cognition” by Lawrence Shapiro.J. Matyja - 2012 - Constructivist Foundations 7 (3):231-233.
    Upshot: In his latest book, Lawrence Shapiro analyzes three main themes of embodied cognition that are claimed to make it distinct from traditional, disembodied research on cognition. The author provides a lucid comparison of the “old” and the “new” cognitive science, thereby often referring to enactivism, which most certainly makes his book interesting for constructivists.
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  14.  17
    The Multiple Realization Book By Thomas W. Polger and Lawrence A. Shapiro.Umut Baysan - 2018 - Analysis 78 (1):177-180.
    © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Analysis Trust. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.comWhen fish propel their bodies under water in order to travel from one place to another, are they doing the same kind of thing that we do when we swim? If swimming is to be identified with exactly the kind of thing that we do when we swim, we should seriously consider the following question: Do fish swim? Believe (...)
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  15.  24
    The Mind Incarnate. Lawrence A. Shapiro. Cambridge, MA, and London, UK.William Bechtel - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (2):497–500.
    The dominant tradition in the philosophy of the cognitive sciences has assumed that human minds can be realized in many other kinds of brains and the mind is a fairly autonomous component residing in the body. In The Mind Incarnate, Stuart Shapiro labels these the multiple realizability thesis and the separability thesis and sets them in opposition to two alternative theses that he advances: the mental constraint thesis and the embodied mind thesis. Although Shapiro has very interesting things to say (...)
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  16.  68
    Review of The Multiple Realization Book by Thomas W. Polger & Lawrence A. Shapiro (Oxford: Oxford University Press). [REVIEW]Tuomas K. Pernu - 2017 - Metapsychology Online Reviews 21.
  17.  76
    Book Review of Lawrence Shapiro’s Embodied Cognition. [REVIEW]Kristian Moltke Martiny - 2011 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 10 (2):297-305.
  18.  4
    The Standard Bearer of the Roman Church: Lawrence of Brindisi & Capuchin Missions in the Holy Roman Empire . By Andrew J. G. Drenas. Pp. Xvii, 246, Washington, D. C., The Catholic University of America Press, 2018, $75.00. [REVIEW]Patrick Madigan - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (2):289-290.
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  19.  9
    Review of Thomas W. Polger and Lawrence A. Shapiro: The Multiple Realization Book. [REVIEW]Marion Godman - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science Book Reviews.
  20.  13
    The Western Medical Tradition: 800 B.C. To A.D. 1800. Lawrence I. Conrad, Michael Neve, Vivian Nutton, Roy Porter, Andrew Wear. [REVIEW]Caroline Hannaway - 1996 - Isis 87 (3):528-529.
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  21.  7
    The Multiple Realization Book Thomas W. Polger and Lawrence A. Shapiro New York: Oxford University Press, 2016; 258 Pp.; $35.00. [REVIEW]Marten Kaas - 2018 - Dialogue 57 (4):908-909.
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  22.  11
    Lawrence I. Conrad, Michael Neve, Vivian Nutton, Roy Porter and Andrew Wear, The Western Medical Tradition 800 BC to AD 1800. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Pp. Xiv + 556. ISBN, 0-521-38135-5, £60.00, $89.95 ; 0-521-47564-3, £24.95, $34.95. [REVIEW]Deborah Brunton - 1996 - British Journal for the History of Science 29 (2):253-254.
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  23. Criminal Justice.J. Roland Pennock & John William Chapman (eds.) - 1985 - New York University Press.
    This, the twenty-seventh volume in the annual series of publications by the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy, features a number of distinguised contributors addressing the topic of criminal justice. Part I considers "The Moral and Metaphysical Sources of the Criminal Law," with contributions by Michael S. Moore, Lawrence Rosen, and Martin Shapiro. The four chapters in Part II all relate, more or less directly, to the issue of retribution, with papers by Hugo Adam Bedau, Michael Davis, Jeffrie (...)
     
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  24. Embodied Cognition.Lawrence Shapiro - 2010 - Routledge.
    Embodied cognition often challenges standard cognitive science. In this outstanding introduction, Lawrence Shapiro sets out the central themes and debates surrounding embodied cognition, explaining and assessing the work of many of the key figures in the field, including George Lakoff, Alva Noë, Andy Clark, and Arthur Glenberg. Beginning with an outline of the theoretical and methodological commitments of standard cognitive science, Shapiro then examines philosophical and empirical arguments surrounding the traditional perspective. He introduces topics such as dynamic systems theory, (...)
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  25.  38
    The Multiple Realization Book.Thomas W. Polger & Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Since Hilary Putnam offered multiple realization as an empirical hypothesis in the 1960s, philosophical consensus has turned against the idea that mental processes are identifiable with brain processes, and multiple realization has become the keystone of the 'antireductive consensus' across philosophy of science. Thomas W. Polger and Lawrence A. Shapiro offer the first book-length investigation of multiple realization, which serves as a starting point to a series of philosophically sophisticated and empirically informed arguments that cast doubt on the generality (...)
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  26.  15
    Mind the Adaptation: Lawrebce A. Shapiro.Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2001 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 49:23-41.
    By now, even the kid down the street must be familiar with the functionalist's response to type-identity physicalism. Mental kinds like pain, love, the belief that Madison sits on an isthmus, etc., are not identical to physical kinds because it's conceptually possible that entities physically distinct in kind from human beings experience pain, love, beliefs that Madison sits on an isthmus, etc. Type-identity physicalism, in short, is baselessly chauvinistic in its rejection of the possibility of nonhuman minds.
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  27.  20
    Nietzsche's Earth: Great Events, Great Politics by Gary Shapiro.Lawrence J. Hatab - 2017 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (3):549-550.
    In Nietzsche's Thus Spoke Zarathustra, a central teaching calls on humanity to be "true to the earth," to affirm "the meaning [Sinn] of the earth." Scholars commonly read this as a call to embrace natural life, countering any transcendent or life-denying doctrine in the tradition. While certainly an apt reading, Gary Shapiro's remarkable new book draws attention to and articulates the many ways in which Nietzsche celebrates the actual earthen characteristics of human habitats: the concrete places, locales, climates, and environments (...)
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  28. The Mind Incarnate.Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2004 - MIT Press.
    Shapiro tests these hypotheses against two rivals, the mental constraint thesis and the embodied mind thesis. Collecting evidence from a variety of sources (e.g., neuroscience, evolutionary theory, and embodied cognition) he concludes that the multiple realizability thesis, accepted by most philosophers as a virtual truism, is much less obvious than commonly assumed, and that there is even stronger reason to give up the separability thesis. In contrast to views of mind that tempt us to see the mind as simply being (...)
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  29.  12
    Lawrence Keppie: Understanding Roman Inscriptions. Pp. 158; 82 Ills. London: Batsford, 1991. £30.Andrew Lintott - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (1):209-210.
  30.  37
    Andrew Galloway, The Penn Commentary on “Piers Plowman”, 1: C Prologue–Passus 4; B Prologue-Passus 4; A Prologue–Passus 4. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006. Pp. Xiii, 491. Stephen A. Barney, The Penn Commentary on “Piers Plowman”, 5: C Passūs 20–22; B Passūs 18–20. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006. Pp. Xv, 309. [REVIEW]Lawrence M. Clopper - 2008 - Speculum 83 (4):986-988.
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  31.  62
    Ian Shapiro and Donald P. Green, Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory: A Critique of Applications in Political Science, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1994, Pp. Xi+ 239. [REVIEW]Andrew Hindmoor - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (3):370-.
  32.  30
    "Critical Reasoning & Philosophy: A Concise Guide to Reading, Evaluating, and Writing Philosophical Works," by M. Andrew Holowchak.Lawrence Finsen - 2012 - Teaching Philosophy 35 (4):430-434.
  33.  10
    Christopher Lawrence, Rockefeller Money, the Laboratory and Medicine in Edinburgh 1919–1930: New Science in an Old Country. Rochester Studies in Medical History. Vol. 5. Rochester, Ny and Woodbridge, Suffolk: University of Rochester Press, 2005. Pp. IX+373. Isbn 1-58046-195-6. £60.00, $85.00. [REVIEW]Andrew Hull - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (2):304-305.
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  34.  13
    Society in the History of Educational Change: A Brief Review of Studies by Bernard Bailyn and Lawrence Cremin.H. Tsvi Shapiro - 1978 - Educational Theory 28 (3):186-193.
  35.  8
    Andrew Janiak. Newton as Philosopher. Xii + 196 Pp., Bibl., Index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. $90.Alan E. Shapiro - 2010 - Isis 101 (1):272-273.
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  36.  13
    William Newman and Lawrence Principe,Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002. [REVIEW]Andrew Sparling - 2003 - Metascience 12 (3):424-427.
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  37.  4
    Peace Through Protest? [Lawrence S. Wittner, Confronting the Bomb: A Short History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement].Andrew G. Bone - 2013 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 33 (2).
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  38.  1
    Silencing the Opposition: Antinuclear Movements and the Media in the Cold War. Andrew Rojecki.Lawrence S. Wittner - 2001 - Isis 92 (1):212-212.
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  39. Understanding the Dimensions of Realization.Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (4):213-222.
    Carl Gillett has defended what he calls the “dimensioned” view of the realization relation, which he contrasts with the traditional “flat” view of realization (2003, 2007; see also Gillett 2002). Intuitively, the dimensioned approach characterizes realization in terms of composition whereas the flat approach views realization in terms of occupiers of functional roles. Elsewhere we have argued that the general view of realization and multiple realization that Gillett advances is not able to discharge the theoretical duties of those relations (Shapiro (...)
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  40. The Miracle Myth: Why Belief in the Resurrection and the Supernatural is Unjustified.Lawrence Shapiro - 2016 - New York, NY, USA: Columbia University Press.
    There are many who believe Moses parted the Red Sea and Jesus came back from the dead. Others are certain that exorcisms occur, ghosts haunt attics, and the blessed can cure the terminally ill. Though miracles are immensely improbable, people have embraced them for millennia, seeing in them proof of a supernatural world that resists scientific explanation. -/- Helping us to think more critically about our belief in the improbable, The Miracle Myth casts a skeptical eye on attempts to justify (...)
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  41.  50
    Embodied Cognition: Lessons From Linguistic Determinism.Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2011 - Philosophical Topics 39 (1):121-140.
    A line of research within embodied cognition seeks to show that an organism’s body is a determinant of its conceptual capacities. Comparison of this claim of body determinism to linguistic determinism bears interesting results. Just as Slobin’s (1996) idea of thinking for speaking challenges the main thesis of linguistic determinism, so too the possibility of thinking for acting raises difficulties for the proponent of body determinism. However, recent studies suggest that the body may, after all, have a determining role in (...)
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  42. Multiple Realizations.Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (12):635-654.
  43. Epiphenomenalism - the Do's and the Don 'Ts'.Lawrence A. Shapiro & Elliott Sober - 2007 - In G. Wolters & Peter K. Machamer (eds.), Studies in Causality: Historical and Contemporary. University of Pittsburgh Press.
    When philosophers defend epiphenomenalist doctrines, they often do so by way of a priori arguments. Here we suggest an empirical approach that is modeled on August Weismann.
     
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  44. The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition.Lawrence Shapiro (ed.) - 2014 - Routledge.
    Embodied cognition is one of the foremost areas of study and research in philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology and cognitive science. The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition is an outstanding guide and reference source to the key philosophers, topics and debates in this exciting subject and essential reading for any student and scholar of philosophy of mind and cognitive science. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into six parts: Historical Underpinnings Perspectives (...)
     
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  45. The Thought of Music.Lawrence Kramer - 2016 - University of California Press.
    What, exactly, is knowledge of music? And what does it tell us about humanistic knowledge in general? _The Thought of Music_ grapples directly with these fundamental questions—questions especially compelling at a time when humanistic knowledge is enmeshed in debates about its character and future. In this third volume in a trilogy on musical understanding that includes _Interpreting Music_ and _Expression and Truth_, Lawrence Kramer seeks answers in both thought _about_ music and thought _in_ music—thinking in tones. He skillfully assesses (...)
     
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  46. The Mind Incarnate.Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (2):497-500.
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  47. How to Test for Multiple Realization.Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):514-525.
    When conceived as an empirical claim, it is natural to wonder how one might test the hypothesis of multiple realization. I consider general issues of testability, show how they apply specifically to the hypothesis of multiple realization, and propose an auxiliary assumption that, I argue, must be conjoined to the hypothesis of multiple realization to ensure its testability. I argue further that Bechtel and Mundale go astray because they fail to appreciate the need for this auxiliary assumption. †To contact the (...)
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  48.  45
    Lessons From Causal Exclusion.Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (3):594-604.
    Jaegwon Kim's causal exclusion argument has rarely been evaluated from an empirical perspective. This is puzzling because its conclusion seems to be making a testable claim about the world: supervenient properties are causally inefficacious. An empirical perspective, however, reveals Kim's argument to rest on a mistaken conception about how to test whether a property is causally efficacious. Moreover, the empirical perspective makes visible a metaphysical bias that Kim brings to his argument that involves a principle of non-inclusion.
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  49.  87
    Dynamics and Cognition.Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2013 - Minds and Machines 23 (3):353-375.
    Many who advocate dynamical systems approaches to cognitive science believe themselves committed to the thesis of extended cognition and to the rejection of representation. I argue that this belief is false. In part, this misapprehension rests on a warrantless re-conception of cognition as intelligent behavior. In part also, it rests on thinking that conceptual issues can be resolved empirically. Once these issues are sorted out, the way is cleared for a dynamical systems approach to cognition that is free to retain (...)
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  50.  80
    Mental Manipulations and the Problem of Causal Exclusion.Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (3):507 - 524.
    Christian List and Peter Menzies 2009 have looked to interventionist theories of causation for an answer to Jaegwon Kim's causal exclusion problem. Important to their response is the idea of realization-insensitivity. However, this idea becomes mired in issues concerning multiple realization, leaving it unable to fulfil its promise to block exclusion. After explaining why realization-insensitivity fails as a solution to Kim's problem, I look to interventionism to describe a different kind of solution.
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