Results for 'Michał Klincewicz'

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  1. Genomic Obsolescence: What Constitutes an Ontological Threat to Human Nature?Michal Klincewicz & Lily Frank - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (7):39-40.
  2. Making Metaethics Work for AI: Realism and Anti-Realism.Michal Klincewicz & Lily E. Frank - 2018 - In Mark Coeckelbergh, M. Loh, J. Funk, M. Seibt & J. Nørskov (eds.), Envisioning Robots in Society – Power, Politics, and Public Space. Amsterdam, Netherlands: IOS Press. pp. 311-318.
    Engineering an artificial intelligence to play an advisory role in morally charged decision making will inevitably introduce meta-ethical positions into the design. Some of these positions, by informing the design and operation of the AI, will introduce risks. This paper offers an analysis of these potential risks along the realism/anti-realism dimension in metaethics and reveals that realism poses greater risks, but, on the other hand, anti-realism undermines the motivation for engineering a moral AI in the first place.
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  3. Autonomous Weapon Systems, Asymmetrical Warfare, and Myths.Michal Klincewicz - 2018 - Civitas 23.
    Predictions about autonomous weapon systems (AWS) are typically thought to channel fears that drove all the myths about intelligence embodied in matter. One of these is the idea that the technology can get out of control and ultimately lead to horrific consequences, as is the case in Mary Shelley’s classic Frankenstein. Given this, predictions about AWS are sometimes dismissed as science-fiction fear-mongering. This paper considers several analogies between AWS and other weapon systems and ultimately offers an argument that nuclear weapons (...)
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  4. Artificial Intelligence as a Means to Moral Enhancement.Michał Klincewicz - 2016 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 48 (1):171-187.
    This paper critically assesses the possibility of moral enhancement with ambient intelligence technologies and artificial intelligence presented in Savulescu and Maslen (2015). The main problem with their proposal is that it is not robust enough to play a normative role in users’ behavior. A more promising approach, and the one presented in the paper, relies on an artifi-cial moral reasoning engine, which is designed to present its users with moral arguments grounded in first-order normative theories, such as Kantianism or utilitarianism, (...)
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  5.  77
    Swiping Left on the Quantified Relationship: Exploring the Potential Soft Impacts.Lily Frank & Michał Klincewicz - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (2):27-28.
  6. Autonomous Weapons Systems, the Frame Problem and Computer Security.Michał Klincewicz - 2015 - Journal of Military Ethics 14 (2):162-176.
    Unlike human soldiers, autonomous weapons systems are unaffected by psychological factors that would cause them to act outside the chain of command. This is a compelling moral justification for their development and eventual deployment in war. To achieve this level of sophistication, the software that runs AWS will have to first solve two problems: the frame problem and the representation problem. Solutions to these problems will inevitably involve complex software. Complex software will create security risks and will make AWS critically (...)
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  7. Consciousness Is More Complicated Than That: Theoretical Limitations of Interactive Capacity.Michal Klincewicz - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (4):38-39.
  8. What Does Consciousness Have to Do With It? Quality of Life in Patients With Disorders of Consciousness.Michal Klincewicz & Lily E. Frank - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (1):50-52.
  9. Temporal Mental Qualities and Selective Attention.Michał Klincewicz - 2016 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 7 (2):11-24.
    This article presents an argument for the view that we can perceive temporal features without awareness. Evidence for this claim comes from recent empirical work on selective visual attention. An interpretation of selective attention as a mechanism that processes high-level perceptual features is offered and defended against one particular objection. In conclusion, time perception likely has an unconscious dimension and temporal mental qualities can be instantiated without ever being conscious.
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  10. Understanding Perception of Time in Terms of Perception of Change.Michal Klincewicz - 2014 - Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 126:58-63.
    In this paper, I offer an account of the dependence relation between perception of change and the subjective flow of time that is consistent with some extant empirical evidence from priming by unconscious change. This view is inspired by the one offered by William James, but it is articulated in the framework of contemporary functionalist accounts of mental qualities and higher-order theories of consciousness. An additional advantage of this account of the relationship between perception of change and subjective time is (...)
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  11.  48
    Metaethics in Context of Engineering Ethical and Moral Systems.Michal Klincewicz & Lily Frank - 2016 - In AAAI Spring Series Technical Reports. Palo Alto, CA, USA: AAAI Press.
    It is not clear to what the projects of creating an artificial intelligence (AI) that does ethics, is moral, or makes moral judgments amounts. In this paper we discuss some of the extant metaethical theories and debates in moral philosophy by which such projects should be informed, specifically focusing on the project of creating an AI that makes moral judgments. We argue that the scope and aims of that project depend a great deal on antecedent metaethical commitments. Metaethics, therefore, plays (...)
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  12. Quality Space Model of Temporal Perception.Michal Klincewicz - 2010 - Lecture Notes in Computer Science 6789 (Multidisciplinary Aspects of Tim):230-245.
    Quality Space Theory is a holistic model of qualitative states. On this view, individual mental qualities are defined by their locations in a space of relations, which reflects a similar space of relations among perceptible properties. This paper offers an extension of Quality Space Theory to temporal perception. Unconscious segmentation of events, the involvement of early sensory areas, and asymmetries of dominance in multi-modal perception of time are presented as evidence for the view.
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  13. Neural Correlates of Temporality?Michał Klincewicz - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):704-706.
  14.  56
    Conscious Experience of Time: Its Significance and Interpretation in Neuroscience and Philosophy.Michał Klincewicz & Sophie Herbst - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:151-154.
  15. Challenges to Engineering Moral Reasoners : Time and Context.Michal Klincewicz - 2017 - In Robot Ethics 2.0: From Autonomous Cars to Artificial Intelligence. pp. 244-259.
    Programming computers to engage in moral reasoning is not a new idea (Anderson and Anderson 2011a). Work on the subject has yielded concrete examples of computable linguistic structures for a moral grammar (Mikhail 2007), the ethical governor architecture for autonomous weapon systems (Arkin 2009), rule-based systems that implement deontological principles (Anderson and Anderson 2011b), systems that implement utilitarian principles, and a hybrid approach to programming ethical machines (Wallach and Allen 2008). This chapter considers two philosophically informed strategies for engineering software (...)
     
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  16. Time, Unity, and Conscious Experience.Michal Klincewicz - 2013 - Dissertation, CUNY Graduate Center
    In my dissertation I critically survey existing theories of time consciousness, and draw on recent work in neuroscience and philosophy to develop an original theory. My view depends on a novel account of temporal perception based on the notion of temporal qualities, which are mental properties that are instantiated whenever we detect change in the environment. When we become aware of these temporal qualities in an appropriate way, our conscious experience will feature the distinct temporal phenomenology that is associated with (...)
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  17. Robotic Nudges for Moral Improvement Through Stoic Practice.Michał Klincewicz - 2019 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 23 (3):425-455.
    This paper offers a theoretical framework that can be used to derive viable engineering strategies for the design and development of robots that can nudge people towards moral improvement. The framework relies on research in developmental psychology and insights from Stoic ethics. Stoicism recommends contemplative practices that over time help one develop dispositions to behave in ways that improve the functioning of mechanisms that are constitutive of moral cognition. Robots can nudge individuals towards these practices and can therefore help develop (...)
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  18. Drugs and Hugs: Stimulating Moral Dispositions as a Method of Moral Enhancement.Michał Klincewicz, Lily Eva Frank & Marta Sokólska - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 83:329-350.
    Advocates of moral enhancement through pharmacological, genetic, or other direct interventions sometimes explicitly argue, or assume without argument, that traditional moral education and development is insufficient to bring about moral enhancement. Traditional moral education grounded in a Kohlbergian theory of moral development is indeed unsuitable for that task; however, the psychology of moral development and education has come a long way since then. Recent studies support the view that moral cognition is a higher-order process, unified at a functional level, and (...)
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  19.  75
    What Does the 'Bedrock' of Rules Consist Of?: Mcdowell on Kripke's and Wright's Interpretation of Wittgenstein.Sládeček Michal - forthcoming - Theoria 55 (4):5-20.
  20.  39
    Normativity and Factualism: Wright’s Critique of Kripke’s Understanding of Rules.Sladeček Michal - 2011 - Filozofija I Društvo 22 (1):103-122.
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    Ethical Aspects of Sponsorship.Krzysztof Klincewicz - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (9-10):1103 - 1110.
    The paper regards sponsorship as an agreement, in which the sponsor undertakes an action with economic nature for the sake of a sponsored subject. Typical cases related to unethical conduct of sponsors and subjects are described, as well as some social contexts of sponsorship and its influence on the public opinion.
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  22.  24
    Necessity and Chance in the Evolution of the Universe (Koniecznosc I Przypadek W Ewolucji Wszechswiata).Heller Michal - 2010 - Studia Philosophiae Christianae 46 (1).
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    Limits of Space, Time and Probability (Granice Czasu, Przestrzeni I Prawdopodobienstwa).Heller Michal - 2008 - Filozofia Nauki 16 (3-4 (63-64)):7-17.
  24. Etyka biznesu według Alasdaira Macintyre\'a.Krzysztof Klincewicz - 1998 - Prakseologia 138 (138).
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  25. Collected Works of Michal Kalecki: Volume 1: Capitalism: Business Cycles and Full Employment.Michal Kalecki - 1990 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This is the first volume in a new, definitive, seven-volume edition of the works of Michal Kalecki, one of the twentieth century's most distinguished economists. Kalecki was one of the three contemporary economists to arrive at the conclusions publicized by Keynes, although Kalecki arguably presented these views even earlier than Keynes. Volume I contains Kalecki's writings on the theory of the business cycle and full employment. His seminal Essay on the Business Cycle Theory is preceded by his earlier theoretical studies (...)
     
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  26. Collected Works of Michal Kalecki: Volume 7: Studies in Applied Economics, 1940-1967.Michal Kalecki - 1997 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The seventh volume of the Collected Works of Michal Kalecki, one of the twentieth century's preeminent economists, contains his empirical studies of the wartime and post-war economy in Britain and the USA, together with papers on the work of other economists and miscellanea.The first part of the book collects together his articles on the economic conditions of Britain during the Second World War, focusing on the rationing of consumption and war finance, and its post-war reconstructions. These articles are among Kalecki's (...)
     
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  27.  30
    Response to “The Problem of the Question About Animal Ethics” by Michal Piekarski.Mark Coeckelbergh & David J. Gunkel - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (4):717-721.
    In this brief article we reply to Michal Piekarski’s response to our article ‘Facing Animals’ published previously in this journal. In our article we criticized the properties approach to defining the moral standing of animals, and in its place proposed a relational and other-oriented concept that is based on a transcendental and phenomenological perspective, mainly inspired by Heidegger, Levinas, and Derrida. In this reply we question and problematize Piekarski’s interpretation of our essay and critically evaluate “the ethics of commitment” that (...)
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  28.  18
    To: “Results of the Downhole Microseismic Monitoring at a Pilot Hydraulic Fracturing Site in Poland — Part 1: Event Location and Stimulation Performance,” Wojciech Gajek, Jacek Trojanowski, Michał Malinowski, Marek Jarosiński, and Marko Riedel, Interpretation, 6, No. 3, SH39–SH48, Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1190/Int-2017-0205.1. [REVIEW]Wojciech Gajek, Jacek Trojanowski, Michał Malinowski, Marek Jarosiński & Marko Riedel - 2018 - Interpretation: SEG 6 (4):Y3-Y5.
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    Statement by Professor Michał Heller at the Templeton Prize News Conference, March 12th, 2008.Michał Heller - 2008 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 43.
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  30. Collected Works of Michal Kalecki: Volume 2: Capitalism: Economic Dynamics.Michal Kalecki - 1991 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The seven volumes will comprise the definitive scholarly edition of the works of Micha/l Kalecki, one of the most distinguished of twentieth-century economists and one of the trio who arrived at the conclusions promulgated by Keynes around the same time as - and in Kalecki's case, arguably earlier than - Keynes himself. Nearly half the material to appear in the seven volumes has never been previously published in English and includes revisions and additions made in the light of recent research, (...)
     
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  31. Collected Works of Michal Kalecki: Volume 3: Socialism: Functioning and Long-Run Planning.Michal Kalecki - 1993 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Containing nearly all the material which has survived on Kalecki's activity - both theoretical and practical - from 1955 to 1964.
     
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  32. Collected Works of Michal Kalecki: Volume 4: Socialism: Economic Growth and Efficiency of Investment.Michal Kalecki - 1993 - Oxford University Press UK.
     
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  33. Collected Works of Michal Kalecki: Volume 6: Studies in Applied Economics 1927-1941.Michal Kalecki - 1996 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The sixth volume of the Collected Works of Micha/l Kalecki, one of the twentieth-century's pre-eminent economists, contains his empirical studies of the capitalist economy, published primarily in pre-war Poland. The first part of the book collects together reviews of business conditions in commodity markets, studies of the structure and operations of large companies and cartels, and articles on international economic relations. These studies, written between 1928 and 1935, demonstrate Kalecki's keen insight into the international consequences of the Great Crisis of (...)
     
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  34.  21
    Ladislav Rieger. Zu den Strukturen der Klassischen Prädikatenlogik. Zeitschrift Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathematik, Vol. 10 , Pp. 121–138. - Ladislav Rieger. Algebraic Methods of Mathematical Logic. Translated From the Czech by Michal Basch. Academia Publishing House of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Prague, and Academic Press, New York and London, 1967, 210 Pp. - M. Katětov. Preface. Therein, Pp. 5–6. [REVIEW]Donald Monk - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (3):440-441.
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    Joanna Golińska-Pilarek and Michał Zawidzki, , Ewa Orłowska on Relational Methods in Logic and Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Series: Outstanding Contributions to Logic, Vol. 17, 2018, pp. 502. [REVIEW]Ingrid Rewitzky - forthcoming - Studia Logica:1-3.
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  36. Umysły, maszyny i Gödel (przełożył Michał Zawidzki).John R. Lucas - 2009 - Hybris. Revista de Filosofía 8.
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  37.  2
    Andrzej Pleszczyński, Joanna Sobiesiak, Michał Tomaszek, and Przemysław Tyszka, Eds., Imagined Communities: Constructing Collective Identities in Medieval Europe. (Explorations in Medieval Culture 8.) Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2018. Pp. 395; 3 Color Figures and 1 Map. $154. ISBN: 978-90-04-35247-6.Table of Contents Available Online at Https://Brill.Com/View/Title/35279. [REVIEW]Len Scales - 2020 - Speculum 95 (2):613-614.
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    Venturing Into Magnum Cathay, 17th Century Polish Jesuits in China: Michał Boym (1612–1659), Jan Mikołaj Smogulecki (1610–1656), and Andrzej Rudomina. [REVIEW]Jan Konior - 2010 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 15 (1):242-249.
  39.  2
    Michał Paluch, Piotr Lichacz (Eds.), Dominicans and the Challenge of Thomism.Luca Gili - 2012 - Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses. Louvain Journal of Theology and Canon Law 88 (4):544-547.
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    Excavations at Tel Michal, Israel.James Weinstein, Ze'ev Herzog, George Rapp & Ora Negbi - 1993 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 113 (1):109.
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    Ethics and Morality in Consumption: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Edited by Deirdre Shaw, Andreas Chatzidakis, and Michal Carrington. New York: Routledge, 2016. 268 Pp. ISBN: 978-1138790230. [REVIEW]Sofía López-Rodríguez - 2017 - Business Ethics Quarterly 27 (4):637-640.
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    Szczęście w przestrzeniach Banacha [recenzja] Michał Heller, Szczęście w przestrzeniach Banacha, 1995.Zbigniew Liana - 1996 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 19.
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    Medieval Practices of SpaceBarbara A. Hanawalt Michal Kobialka.Michael T. Davis - 2003 - Speculum 78 (4):1307-1309.
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    Michal Simunek, Uwe Hoßfeld, Florian Thümmler and Olaf Breidbach , The Mendelian Dioskuri: Correspondence of Armin with Erich von Tschermak-Seysenegg, 1898–1951. Studies in the History of Sciences and Humanities 27. Prague: Institute of Contemporary History of the Academy of Sciences, Prague, and Department of Genetics/‘Mendelianum’ of the Moravian Museum, Brno, 2011. Pp. 259. ISBN 978-80-87378-67-0. Price Unknown .Michal Simunek, Uwe Hoßfeld, Florian Thümmler, and Jiří Sekerák , The Letters on G.J. Mendel: Correspondence of William Bateson, Hugo Iltis, and Erich von Tschermak-Seysenegg with Alois and Ferdinand Schindler, 1902–1935. Studies in the History of Sciences and Humanities 28. Prague: Institute of Contemporary History of the Academy of Sciences, Prague, and Department of Genetics/‘Mendelianum’ of the Moravian Museum, Brno, 2011. Pp. 131. ISBN 978-80-87378-73-1. Price Unknown. [REVIEW]Sander Gliboff - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Science 45 (2):303-305.
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    O Debate Dos Desencontros: Uma Avaliação Das Críticas de Michal Sandel Ao Liberalismo de John Rawls.Flávio Azevedo Reis - 2013 - Doispontos 10 (1).
    The main objective of Micheal Sandel’s Liberalism and the Limits of Justice was to attack the concept of deontology, as formulated by John Rawls. In this article, I argue that Sandel interpreted the concept of deontology in a misleading way. There is a difference between how Rawls defined this concept and how it was interpreted by Sandel. Given this, the first part of this article will analyze the way Sandel interpreted the Rawlsian concept of deontology. The second part presents an (...)
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    The Power of Inclusive Exception: Anatomy of Israeli Rule in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Edited by Adi Ophir, Michal Givoni, and Sari Hanafi (Brooklyn, NY: Zone Books, 2009), 650 Pp. $38.95/£ 28.95 Cloth. [REVIEW]Caroline Croser - 2013 - The European Legacy:1-2.
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    Uchwycone przemijanie [recenzja] Michał Heller, Uchwycić przemijanie, 1997.Janusz Mączka - 1997 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 21.
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  48. Normy moralne i różnica płci czyli jak pogodzić etykę feministyczną z etyką Kantowską (przeł. Michał Garsztka).Marion Heinz - 2004 - Principia.
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    Michal Simunek, Uwe Hoßfeld, Olaf Breidbach and Miklós Müller , Mendelism in Bohemia and Moravia, 1900–1930. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2010. Pp. 276. ISBN 978-3-515-09602-7. €48.00. [REVIEW]Sander Gliboff - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Science 44 (4):611-612.
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    From Hus to Luther: Visual Culture in the Bohemian Reformation . Edited by Kateřina Horníčková and Michal Šronĕk. Pp. Xx, 323, Colour Plates 8; Black and White Plates 48, Turnhout, Brepols, 2016, $113.00. [REVIEW]Edmund Ryden - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (2):278-279.
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