Results for 'Oscar Berland'

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  1. Philosophical Perspectives. Translated From the German by Oscar A. Haac.Max Scheler & Oscar A. Haac - 1958 - Boston: Beacon Press.
  2.  18
    Ewald, Oscar. Kants Kritischer Idealismus Als Grundlage von Erkenntnistheorie Und Ethik.Oscar Ewald - 1908 - Kant-Studien 13 (1-3).
  3.  18
    Ewald, Oscar. Nietzsches Lehre in ihren Grundbegriffen: Die ewige Wiederkunft des Gleichen und der Sinn des Übermenschen.Oscar Ewald - 1905 - Kant-Studien 10 (1-3).
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  4.  38
    The Lion Monument at Amphipolis. By Oscar Broneer. Pp. Ix + 76: Pl. 11 + 37 Text Figs. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1941. [REVIEW]A. W. Lawrence & Oscar Broneer - 1942 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 62:101-102.
  5.  53
    An Objectivist Argument for Thirdism.Oscar Seminar - 2008 - Analysis 68 (2):149-155.
  6.  38
    Oscar Pistorius, Enhancement and Post-Humans.S. Camporesi - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):639-639.
    Oscar Pistorius was born without fibulas and had both legs amputated below the knee when he was 11 months old. A business student at the University of Pretoria, Pistorius runs with the aid of carbon-fibre artificial limbs and is the double amputee world record holder in the 100, 200 and 400 metres events.1“I don’t see myself as disabled,” says Oscar, “There’s nothing I can’t do that able-bodied athletes can do.”2 But then the question is: do prosthetic limbs simply (...)
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  7.  20
    How Does One Apply Statistical Analysis to Our Understanding of the Development of Human Relationships.Oscar Kempthorne - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (1):138-139.
  8.  53
    Defining Speciesism.Oscar Horta & Frauke Albersmeier - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (11):1-9.
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  9.  66
    The Scope of the Argument From Species Overlap.Oscar Horta - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):142-154.
    The argument from species overlap has been widely used in the literature on animal ethics and speciesism. However, there has been much confusion regarding what the argument proves and what it does not prove, and regarding the views it challenges. This article intends to clarify these confusions, and to show that the name most often used for this argument (‘the argument from marginal cases’) reflects and reinforces these misunderstandings. The article claims that the argument questions not only those defences of (...)
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  10. The Theory of Capitalist Development. Principles of Marxian Political Economy.Oscar Lange - 1943 - Journal of Philosophy 40 (14):378-384.
  11. What is Speciesism?Oscar Horta - 2010 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (3):243-266.
    In spite of the considerable literature nowadays existing on the issue of the moral exclusion of nonhuman animals, there is still work to be done concerning the characterization of the conceptual framework with which this question can be appraised. This paper intends to tackle this task. It starts by defining speciesism as the unjustified disadvantageous consideration or treatment of those who are not classified as belonging to a certain species. It then clarifies some common misunderstandings concerning what this means. Next, (...)
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  12.  20
    Paulo Freire’s Ideas as an Alternative to Higher Education Neo-Liberal Reforms in Latin America.Oscar Espinoza - 2017 - Journal of Moral Education 46 (4):435-448.
    This article examines the principal arguments found in the work of Paulo Freire concerning policy and ethics in the field of higher education in Latin America. It critically analyzes the university reform in Latin America dominated by the thought and practice promoted by various international financial institutions beginning in the 1980s and then looks at the feasibility of an alternative Freirian view. The work of Paulo Freire celebrated the liberating role that public university education should play in the training of (...)
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  13.  37
    Moral Considerability and the Argument From Relevance.Oscar Horta - 2018 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 31 (3):369-388.
    The argument from relevance expresses an intuition that, although shared by many applied ethicists, has not been analyzed and systematized in the form of a clear argument thus far. This paper does this by introducing the concept of value relevance, which has been used before in economy but not in the philosophical literature. The paper explains how value relevance is different from moral relevance, and distinguishes between direct and indirect ways in which the latter can depend on the former. These (...)
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  14.  36
    Concern for Wild Animal Suffering and Environmental Ethics: What Are the Limits of the Disagreement?Oscar Horta - 2018 - Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 13 (1):85-100.
    OSCAR HORTA | : This paper examines the extent of the opposition between environmentalists and those concerned with wild-animal suffering and considers whether there are any points they may agree on. The paper starts by presenting the reasons to conclude that suffering and premature death prevail over positive well-being in nature. It then explains several ways to intervene in order to aid animals and prevent the harms they suffer, and claims that we should support them. In particular, the paper (...)
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  15.  85
    Debunking the Idyllic View of Natural Processes: Population Dynamics and Suffering in the Wild.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Telos: Revista Iberoamericana de Estudios Utilitaristas 17 (1):73-90.
  16.  14
    Using Post-Structuralism to Explore The Full Impact of Ideas on Politics.Oscar L. Larsson - 2015 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 27 (2):174-197.
    ABSTRACTColin Hay's constructivist institutionalism and Vivien A. Schmidt's discursive institutionalism are two recent attempts to theorize ideas as potential explanations of institutional change. This new attention to the causal role of ideas is welcome, but Hay and Schmidt do not take into consideration the constitutive and structural aspects of ideas. Instead they reduce ideas to properties of individual conscious minds, scanting the respects in which ideas are intersubjectively baked into the practices shared by individuals. This aspect of ideas—arguably, the institutional (...)
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  17.  17
    Dignity-Preserving Dementia Care: A Metasynthesis.Oscar Tranvåg, Karin A. Petersen & Dagfinn Nåden - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (8):861-880.
    Research indicates the essentiality of dignity as a vital component for quality of life, reconfirming the emphasis on dignity preservation in the international code of nursing ethics. Applying Noblit and Hare’s meta-ethnography, the aim of the study was to develop a theory model by synthesizing 10 qualitative articles from various cultural contexts, exploring nurse and allied healthcare professional perception/practice concerning dignity-preserving dementia care. “Advocating the person’s autonomy and integrity,” which involves “having compassion for the person,” “confirming the person’s worthiness and (...)
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  18. Should Oscar Pistorius Be Excluded From the 2008 Olympic Games?S. D. Edwards - 2008 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (2):112 – 125.
    This paper discusses the predicament of Oscar Pistorius. He is a Paralympic gold medallist who wishes to participate in the Olympics in Beijing in 2008. Following a brief introductory section, the paper discusses the arguments that could be, and have been, deployed against his participation in the Olympics, should he make the qualifying time for his chosen event (400m). The next section discusses a more hypothetical argument based upon a specific understanding of the fair opportunity rule. According to this, (...)
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  19.  4
    Technocracy, Governmentality, and Post-Structuralism.Oscar L. Larsson - 2020 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 32 (1-3):103-123.
    ABSTRACT The technocratic dimension of government—its reliance upon knowledge claims, usually in scientific guise—is of great importance if we wish to understand modern power and governance. In Power Without Knowledge: A Critique of Technocracy, Jeffrey Friedman investigates the often-overlooked question of the relationship between technocratic knowledge/power and ideas. Friedman’s contribution to our understanding of technocracy can therefore be read as a contribution to governmentality studies, one that introduces the possibility of adding normative solutions to this critical tradition.
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  20.  90
    Discrimination Against Vegans.Oscar Horta - 2018 - Res Publica 24 (3):359-373.
    There are many circumstances in which vegans are treated or considered worse than nonvegans, both in the private and the public sphere, either due to the presence of a bias against them or for structural reasons. For instance, vegans sometimes suffer harassment, have issues at their workplace, or find little vegan food available. In many cases they are forced to contribute to, or to participate in, animal exploitation against their will when states render it illegitimate to oppose or refuse to (...)
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  21.  28
    Balancing Benefits and Risks of Immortal Data.Oscar A. Zarate, Julia Green Brody, Phil Brown, Monica D. Ramirez-Andreotta, Laura Perovich & Jacob Matz - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (1):36-45.
    An individual's health, genetic, or environmental-exposure data, placed in an online repository, creates a valuable shared resource that can accelerate biomedical research and even open opportunities for crowd-sourcing discoveries by members of the public. But these data become “immortalized” in ways that may create lasting risk as well as benefit. Once shared on the Internet, the data are difficult or impossible to redact, and identities may be revealed by a process called data linkage, in which online data sets are matched (...)
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  22.  65
    The Ethics of the Ecology of Fear Against the Nonspeciesist Paradigm: A Shift in the Aims of Intervention in Nature.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Between the Species 13 (10):163-187.
    Humans often intervene in the wild for anthropocentric or environmental reasons. An example of such interventions is the reintroduction of wolves in places where they no longer live in order to create what has been called an “ecology of fear”, which is being currently discussed in places such as Scotland. In the first part of this paper I discuss the reasons for this measure and argue that they are not compatible with a nonspeciesist approach. Then, I claim that if we (...)
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  23.  11
    The Governmentality of Network Governance: Collaboration as a New Facet of the Liberal Art of Governing.Oscar L. Larsson - 2020 - Constellations 27 (1):111-126.
  24. Why the Concept of Moral Status Should Be Abandoned.Oscar Horta - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (4):899-910.
    The use of the concept of moral status is commonplace today in debates about the moral consideration of entities lacking certain special capacities, such as nonhuman animals. This concept has been typically used to defend the view that adult human beings have a status higher than all those entities. However, even those who disagree with this claim have often accepted the idea of moral status as if it were part of an undisputed received way of thinking in ethics. This paper (...)
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  25.  59
    Engaging Rational Discrimination: Exploring Reasons for Placing Regulatory Constraints on Decision Support Systems. [REVIEW]Oscar H. Gandy - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (1):29-42.
    In the future systems of ambient intelligence will include decision support systems that will automate the process of discrimination among people that seek entry into environments and to engage in search of the opportunities that are available there. This article argues that these systems must be subject to active and continuous assessment and regulation because of the ways in which they are likely to contribute to economic and social inequality. This regulatory constraint must involve limitations on the collection and use (...)
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  26.  9
    Advancing Post-Structural Institutionalism: Discourses, Subjects, Power Asymmetries, and Institutional Change.Oscar Larsson - 2018 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 30 (3-4):325-346.
    ABSTRACTColin Hay’s and Vivien Schmidt’s responses to my previous critical engagement with their respective versions of neo-institutionalism raise the issue of how scholars may account for the ideational power of political processes and how ideas may generate both stability and change. Even though Hay, Schmidt, and I share a common philosophical ground in many respects, we nevertheless diverge in our views about how to account for ideational power and for actors’ ability to navigate a social reality that is saturated with (...)
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  27.  7
    “Connectedness to Nature Scale”: Validity and Reliability in the French Context.Oscar Navarro, Pablo Olivos & Ghozlane Fleury-Bahi - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  28.  11
    Les Poulains de Corinthe. Tome I. . By Oscar E. Ravel. Pp. 135; 23 Pl. Basel: Münzhandlung Basel and Spink & Son. 1936. 16s. [REVIEW]E. S. G. Robinson & Oscar E. Ravel - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (1):153-154.
  29.  65
    What Is Kant's Second Antinomy About.Oscar Schmiege - 2006 - Kant-Studien 97 (3):272-300.
    The central questions in this study are: What does Kant consider the essence of the dispute between Rationalists and Realist Empiricists which he titles the “Second Conflict of the Transcendental Ideas?” Why does he believe it supports such wider aims of the Critical Philosophy as: showing the impossibility of a Transcendental Realist explanation of the spatiotemporal world, which amounts to an indirect proof of Transcendental Idealism ; being the only means for detecting the transcendental illusion which leads to Transcendental Realism (...)
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  30.  26
    Tobacco Control Litigation: Broader Impacts on Health Rights Adjudication.Oscar A. Cabrera & Juan Carballo - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):147-162.
    This paper argues that there are instances in which tobacco control litigation is strengthening the justiciability of the right to health and health-related rights. This is happening in different parts of the world, but in particular in Latin America. In part this is because, to a certain extent, tobacco control litigation based on fundamental rights overcomes the traditional arguments against economic, social and cultural rights adjudication: the anti-democratic argument, the lack of technical competency argument, the problem of the misallocation of (...)
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  31.  16
    Tobacco Control Litigation: Broader Impacts on Health Rights Adjudication.Oscar A. Cabrera & Juan Carballo - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):147-162.
    There is perhaps no area of law that so effectively protects human health and thereby advances the right to the highest attainable standard of health, as tobacco control. Globally, tobacco is responsible for 1 in 10 adult deaths, and is on track to kill 10 million people per year, mostly in developing countries, representing a US$200 billion drain on the global economy. Yet experience in recent decades has shown that a range of tobacco control measures, such as comprehensive bans on (...)
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  32.  57
    Animal Suffering in Nature.Oscar Horta - 2017 - Environmental Ethics 39 (3):261-279.
    Many people think we should refrain from intervening in nature as much as possible. One of the main reasons for thinking this way is that the existence of nature is a net positive. However, population dynamics teaches us that most sentient animals who come into existence in nature die shortly thereafter, mostly in painful ways. Those who survive often suffer greatly due to natural causes. If sentient beings matter, this gives us reasons to intervene to prevent such harms. This counterintuitive (...)
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  33.  4
    Controversies Surrounding Mental Testing.Oscar Kempthorne & Leroy Wolins - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):348-349.
  34. Hacia un modelo de cambio conceptual: espacios controversiales y refocalización.Óscar Nudler - 2004 - Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 29 (2):7-19.
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  35.  25
    On-Line Social Interactions and Executive Functions.Oscar Ybarra & Piotr Winkielman - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  36.  7
    Fin du Globe: Oscar Wilde’s Romance with Decadence and the Idea of World Literature.Harald Pittel - 2021 - Thesis Eleven 162 (1):121-136.
    This essay argues that Oscar Wilde noticeably contributed to the emerging discourse about world literature, even though his views in this regard have to be unearthed from the margins of his works, from his early and unpublished American lectures and ‘between the lines’ of his major critical essays. Wilde’s implicit ideas around world literature can be understood as being closely related to his broader endeavour of redirecting and revaluing the pejorative discourse around ‘decadence’ in art and literature. More specifically, (...)
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  37. BERLAND, L. - Les Arachnides. [REVIEW]M. Thomas - 1934 - Scientia 28 (55):393.
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  38. Berland, L. - Les Arachnides. [REVIEW]M. Thomas - 1934 - Scientia, Rivista di Scienza 28 (55):393.
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  39. Discrimination in Terms of Moral Exclusion.Oscar Horta - 2010 - Theoria 76 (4):314-332.
    This article tries to define what discrimination is and to understand in particular detail its most important instances: those in which the satisfaction of interests is at stake. These cases of discrimination will be characterized in terms of deprivations of benefits. In order to describe and classify them we need to consider three different factors: the benefits of which discriminatees are deprived, the criteria according to which such benefits are denied or granted, and the justification that such deprivation of benefits (...)
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  40. Oscar: An Agent Architecture Based on Defeasible Reasoning.John Pollock - manuscript
    Proceedings of the 2008 AAAI Spring Symposium on Architectures for Intelligent Theory-Based Agents. “OSCAR is a fully implemented architecture for a cognitive agent, based largely on the author’s work in philosophy concerning epistemology and practical cognition. The seminal idea is that a generally intelligent agent must be able to function in an environment in which it is ignorant of most matters of fact. The architecture incorporates a general-purpose defeasible reasoner, built on top of an efficient natural deduction reasoner for (...)
     
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  41.  51
    Oscar.John L. Pollock - 1996 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 6 (1):89-113.
    OSCAR is a fully implemented architecture for a cognitive agent, based largely on the author’s work in philosophy concerning epistemology and practical cognition. The seminal idea is that a generally intelligent agent must be able to function in an environment in which it is ignorant of most matters of fact. The architecture incorporates a general-purpose defeasible reasoner, built on top of an efficient natural deduction reasoner for first-order logic. It is based upon a detailed theory about how the various (...)
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  42.  27
    Egalitarianism and Animals.Oscar Horta - 2016 - Between the Species 19 (1):108-144.
    The moral consideration of nonhuman animals and the critique of speciesism have been defended by appeal to a variety of ethical theories. One of the main approaches in moral and political philosophy today from which to launch such a defense is egalitarianism, which is the view that we should aim at favoring the worse off by reducing inequality. This paper explains what egalitarianism is and shows the important practical consequences it has for nonhuman animals, both those that are exploited by (...)
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  43.  37
    A Note on the Alienation Motif in Marx.Oscar J. Hammen - 1980 - Political Theory 8 (2):223-242.
  44.  3
    Infinitos y filosofía natural en Leibniz.Oscar M. Esquisabel & Federico Raffo Quintana - 2020 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 37 (3):425-435.
    In this paper, we will consider the theoretical aspects of Leibniz’s thought on infinitely small and infinite quantities in the context of the natural philosophy developed by him in the Parisian period. We will hold that in the texts of this period an attempt of problematizing concepts of infinitary mathematics is found, which is not in the strictly mathematical texts. In this perspective, we also propose that there is in Leibniz a “double methodological record” concerning the question of the infinity (...)
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  45.  7
    The Dissolution of Mind: A Fable of How Experience Gives Rise to Cognition.Oscar Vilarroya (ed.) - 2002 - Rodopi.
    This book presents an original thesis about the notion of sensory experience and of the mind’s architecture, which is grounded in current trends in cognitive science and philosophy of mind. Presented in the form of a dialogue, the book explores some of the psychological and philosophical consequences that the author derives from his proposal.
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  46.  46
    Convencionalidad y Significado Sin Uso.Óscar Cabaco - 2002 - Theoria 17 (3):417-434.
    One of the main problems of Lewis' approach to the conventionality of language is the so-called "probLem of the meaning without use". In this paper I consider the possible solutions to this problem and I conclude that in order to avoid this objection Lewis' proposal must be substantially modified.
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  47.  35
    Al-Bīrūnī and The Mathematical Treatment of Observations.Oscar Sheynin - 1992 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 2 (2):299.
    The classical theory of errors can be divided into stochastic and determinate parts, or branches. The birth of the first of therse became inevitable after Bradley's idea of cultivating astronomy and natural science in general by “regular series of observations and experiments” became universally accepted. Such scholars as Lambert, Simpson, Lagrange, Daniel Bernoulli and Euler were responsible for the development of the stochastic theory of errors while Laplace and Gauss completed its construction. About fifty or sixty years ago it was (...)
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  48.  48
    Is There a Latin American Philosophy.Oscar R. Marti - 1983 - Metaphilosophy 14 (1):46–52.
  49.  2
    C. F. Gauss and Geodetic Observations.Oscar Sheynin - 1994 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 46 (3):253-283.
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  50.  14
    Does Discrimination Require Disadvantage?Oscar Horta - 2015 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 2 (2).
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