Results for 'Garrett Pendergraft'

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  1. Does the Consequence Argument Beg the Question?John Martin Fischer & Garrett Pendergraft - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 166 (3):575-595.
    The Consequence Argument has elicited various responses, ranging from acceptance as obviously right to rejection as obviously problematic in one way or another. Here we wish to focus on one specific response, according to which the Consequence Argument begs the question. This is a serious accusation that has not yet been adequately rebutted, and we aim to remedy that in what follows. We begin by giving a formulation of the Consequence Argument. We also offer some tentative proposals about the nature (...)
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  2.  54
    Against Deliberation Restrictions.Garrett Pendergraft - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (3):341-357.
    Traditional views about God and about deliberation seem to imply that we need a deliberation restriction on the concept of divine omniscience. I will argue, however, that this deliberation restriction is both irrelevant and unnecessary. It is irrelevant because there is no time at which God needs to deliberate; and it is unnecessary because even if God does deliberate, it’s possible for him to do so while knowing what the results of that deliberation will be. And because this possibility of (...)
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  3.  67
    Hugh J. McCann (Ed.), Free Will and Classical Theism: The Significance of Freedom in Perfect Being Theology. [REVIEW]Garrett Pendergraft - 2017 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 16.
    This volume collects a set of papers that were presented at a conference on “Big Questions in Free Will,” held at the University of Saint Thomas in October of 2014. It is dedicated to its editor, who passed away shortly after completing the manuscript. I will briefly summarize each of the 11 chapters and then offer a few critical comments.
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  4. In Defense of a Causal Requirement on Explanation.Garrett Pendergraft - 2011 - In Phyllis McKay Illari Federica Russo (ed.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press. pp. 470.
    Causalists about explanation claim that to explain an event is to provide information about the causal history of that event. Some causalists also endorse a proportionality claim, namely that one explanation is better than another insofar as it provides a greater amount of causal information. In this chapter I consider various challenges to these causalist claims. There is a common and influential formulation of the causalist requirement – the ‘Causal Process Requirement’ – that does appear vulnerable to these anti-causalist challenges, (...)
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  5.  58
    No (New) Troubles with Ockhamism.Garrett Pendergraft & D. Justin Coates - 2014 - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 5:185-208.
    The Ockhamist claims that our ability to do otherwise is not endangered by God’s foreknowledge because facts about God’s past beliefs regarding future contingents are soft facts about the past—i.e., temporally relational facts that depend in some sense on what happens in the future. But if our freedom, given God’s foreknowledge, requires altering some fact about the past that is clearly a hard fact, then Ockhamism fails even if facts about God’s past beliefs are soft. Recent opponents of Ockhamism, including (...)
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  6. The Explanatory Power of Local Miracle Compatibilism.Garrett Pendergraft - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 156 (2):249-266.
    Local miracle compatibilists claim that we are sometimes able to do otherwise than we actually do, even if causal determinism obtains. When we can do otherwise, it will often be true that if we were to do otherwise, then an actual law of nature would not have been a law of nature. Nevertheless, it is a compatibilist principle that we cannot do anything that would be or cause an event that violates the laws of nature. Carl Ginet challenges this nomological (...)
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  7. Nelson Pike's Contribution to the Philosophy of Religion.Garrett Pendergraft - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (3):409-431.
    In this paper I attempt to capture the essence of Nelson Pike’s contribution to the philosophy of religion. My summary of his insights will revolve around three general topics: omniscience (and in particular its relation to human freedom), omnipotence (and in particular its relation to the existence of human suffering), and mysticism (with a focus on the question of whether and in what sense mystic visions can be sources of knowledge). Although the details vary in interesting ways, his work on (...)
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  8.  26
    Fundamentalist Contextualist Compatibilism: A Response to the Consequence Argument.Garrett Pendergraft - unknown
    In my dissertation I offer what I take to be a novel and compelling response to the consequence argument: the argument that if causal determinism is true, then the past history of the world and the laws of nature together determine everything that will happen in the future&mdashincluding my actions and in fact every action ever done by anyone. I begin by noting and emphasizing a parallel between the consequence argument and the skeptical argument, which leads us to ask whether (...)
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  9.  4
    Hugh J. McCann, Creation and the Sovereignty of God. [REVIEW]Garrett Pendergraft - 2013 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 12.
  10.  3
    Steven Sverdlik, Motive and Rightness. [REVIEW]Garrett Pendergraft - 2011 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 10.
  11. Cognition and Commitment in Hume's Philosophy.Don Garrett - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    It is widely believed that Hume often wrote carelessly and contradicted himself, and that no unified, sound philosophy emerges from his writings. Don Garrett demonstrates that such criticisms of Hume are without basis. Offering fresh and trenchant solutions to longstanding problems in Hume studies, Garrett's penetrating analysis also makes clear the continuing relevance of Hume's philosophy.
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  12. Hume.Don Garrett - 2014 - Routledge.
    Beginning with an overview of Hume's life and work, Don Garrett introduces in clear and accessible style the central aspects of Hume's thought. These include Hume's lifelong exploration of the human mind; his theories of inductive inference and causation; skepticism and personal identity; moral and political philosophy; aesthetics; and philosophy of religion. The final chapter considers the influence and legacy of Hume's thought today. Throughout, Garrett draws on and explains many of Hume's central works, including his Treatise of (...)
     
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  13. Personal Identity and Self-Consciousness.Brian Garrett - 1998 - Routledge.
    _Personal Identity and Self-Consciousness_ is about persons and personal identity. What are we? And why does personal identity matter? Brian Garrett, using jargon-free language, addresses questions in the metaphysics of personal identity, questions in value theory, and discusses questions about the first person singular. Brian Garrett makes an important contribution to the philosophy of personal identity and mind, and to epistemology.
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  14.  39
    Meaning in Spinoza's Method.Aaron V. Garrett - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Readers of Spinoza's philosophy have often been daunted, and sometimes been enchanted, by the geometrical method which he employs in his philosophical masterpiece the Ethics. In Meaning in Spinoza's Method Aaron Garrett examines this method and suggests that its purpose, in Spinoza's view, was not just to present claims and propositions but also in some sense to change the readers and allow them to look at themselves and the world in a different way. His discussion draws not only on (...)
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  15.  61
    Political Leadership and the Problem of "Dirty Hands".Stephen A. Garrett - 1994 - Ethics and International Affairs 8:159–175.
    Garrett assesses the morality of leaders' political choices. Does the nature of leadership force us to tolerate or even accept marginally moral acts? Do acts considered unethical in one's private life become ethical when performed by a public servant for the good of the public?
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  16.  72
    Animal Rights and Souls in the Eighteenth Century.Aaron Garrett, Richard Dean, Humphrey Primatt, John Oswald & Thomas Young (eds.) - 1713 - Thoemmes Press.
    The publication of 'Animal Rights and Souls in the 18th Century' will be welcomed by everyone interested in the development of the modern animal liberation movement, as well as by those who simply want to savour the work of enlightenment thinkers pushing back the boundaries of both science and ethics. At last these long out-of-print texts are again available to be read and enjoyed - and what texts they are! Gems like Bougeant's witty reductio of the Christian view of animals (...)
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  17. Entertaining Judgment: The Afterlife in Popular Imagination.Greg Garrett - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Nowadays references to the afterlife-angels strumming harps, demons brandishing pitchforks, God enthroned on heavenly clouds-are more often encountered in New Yorker cartoons than in serious Christian theological reflection. Speculation about death and its sequel seems to embarrass many theologians; however, as Greg Garrett shows in Entertaining Judgment, popular culture in the U.S. has found rich ground for creative expression in the search for answers to the question: What lies in store for us after we die?The lyrics of Madonna, Los (...)
     
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  18. The Routledge Companion to Eighteenth Century Philosophy.Aaron Garrett (ed.) - 2014 - Routledge.
    The Eighteenth century is one of the most important periods in the history of Western philosophy, witnessing philosophical, scientific, and social and political change on a vast scale. In spite of this, there are few single volume overviews of the philosophy of the period as a whole. _The Routledge Companion to Eighteenth Century Philosophy _is an authoritative survey and assessment of this momentous period, covering major thinkers, topics and movements in Eighteenth century philosophy. Beginning with a substantial introduction by Aaron (...)
     
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  19. What is This Thing Called Metaphysics?Brian Garrett - 2006 - Routledge.
    Why is there something rather than nothing? Does God exist? Does time flow? What are we? Do we have free will? What is truth? Metaphysics is concerned with ourselves and reality, and the most fundamental questions regarding existence. This clear and accessible introduction covers the central topics in metaphysics in a concise but comprehensive way. Brian Garrett discusses the crucial concepts in a highly readable manner, easing the reader in with a look at some important philosophical problems. He addresses (...)
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  20.  94
    Difficult Times for Humean Identity? [REVIEW]Don Garrett - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 146 (3):435 - 443.
  21.  9
    Collectivizing Rescue Obligations in Bioethics.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (2):3-11.
    Bioethicists invoke a duty to rescue in a wide range of cases. Indeed, arguably, there exists an entire medical paradigm whereby vast numbers of medical encounters are treated as rescue cases. The intuitive power of the rescue paradigm is considerable, but much of this power stems from the problematic way that rescue cases are conceptualized—namely, as random, unanticipated, unavoidable, interpersonal events for which context is irrelevant and beneficence is the paramount value. In this article, I critique the basic assumptions of (...)
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  22.  65
    Forming Beliefs: Why Valence Matters.Tali Sharot & Neil Garrett - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (1):25-33.
  23.  14
    Resolving Ambiguity: Effects of Biasing Context in the Unattended Ear.J. R. Lackner & M. F. Garrett - 1972 - Cognition 1 (4):359-372.
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  24. Cognition and Commitment in Hume's Philosophy.Don Garrett - 2001 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):191-196.
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  25. Reasons to Act and Believe: Naturalism and Rational Justification in Hume’s Philosophical Project.Don Garrett - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 132 (1):1-16.
    Is Hume a naturalist? Does he regard all or nearly all beliefs and actions as rationally unjustified? In order to settle these questions, it is necessary to examine their key terms and to understand the character-especially the normative character-of Hume's philosophical project. This paper argues that Hume is a naturalist-and, in particular, both a moral and an epistemic naturalist-in quite robust ways; and that Hume can properly regard many actions and beliefs as "rationally justified" in several different senses of that (...)
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  26.  90
    What's True About Hume's 'True Religion'?Don Garrett - 2012 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 10 (2):199-220.
    Despite his well-known criticisms of popular religion, Hume refers in seemingly complimentary terms to ‘true religion’; in Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, his character Philo goes so far as to express ‘veneration for’ it. This paper addresses three questions. First, did Hume himself really approve of something that he called ‘true religion’? Second, what did he mean by calling it ‘true’? Third, what did he take it to be? By appeal to some of his key doctrines about causation and probability, and (...)
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  27.  5
    Disorders of Lexical Selection.Merrill Garrett - 1992 - Cognition 42 (1-3):143-180.
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  28.  6
    Prologomena to Any Future Pediatric Bioethics.Jeremy R. Garrett - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (8):63-65.
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  29.  13
    A Framework for Analyzing the Ethics of Disclosing Genetic Research Findings.Lisa Eckstein, Jeremy R. Garrett & Benjamin E. Berkman - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):190-207.
    Over the past decade, there has been an extensive debate about whether researchers have an obligation to disclose genetic research findings, including primary and secondary findings. There appears to be an emerging (but disputed) view that researchers have some obligation to disclose some genetic findings to some research participants. The contours of this obligation, however, remain unclear. -/- As this paper will explore, much of this confusion is definitional or conceptual in nature. The extent of a researcher’s obligation to return (...)
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  30. On Behalf of Gaunilo.B. Garrett - 2013 - Analysis 73 (3):481-482.
    In this discussion note, I defend Gaunilo's famous parody of Anselm's Ontological Argument for God's existence against a well-known objection due to Alvin Plantinga.
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  31. Business Ethics.Thomas M. Garrett - 1966 - New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
     
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  32.  4
    Objects of Psycholinguistic Enquiry.M. F. Garrett - 1981 - Cognition 10 (1-3):97-101.
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  33. Value Conflict in a Skinnerian Analysis.Richard Garrett - 1979 - Behavior and Philosophy 7 (1):9.
  34.  21
    Experience and Time.Brian Garrett - 2018 - Acta Analytica 33 (4):427-430.
    In this discussion, I claim that the debate over ‘the bias towards the present’ turns on an axiological question. Is the value of a present experience greater than its value when past? I argue not and hold that our bias towards the present, understood as a pure time preference, is irrational.
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  35. Hume's Naturalistic Theory of Representation.Don Garrett - 2006 - Synthese 152 (3):301-319.
    Hume is a naturalist in many different respects and about many different topics; this paper argues that he is also a naturalist about intentionality and representation. It does so in the course of answering four questions about his theory of mental representation: (1) Which perceptions represent? (2) What can perceptions represent? (3) Why do perceptions represent at all? (4) Howdo perceptions represent what they do? It appears that, for Hume, all perceptions except passions can represent; and they can represent bodies, (...)
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  36. Spinoza's Conatus Argument.Don Garrett - 2002 - In Olli Koistinen & J. I. Biro (eds.), Spinoza: Metaphysical Themes. Oxford University Press. pp. 127--58.
     
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  37.  40
    Against Definitions.J. A. Fodor, M. F. Garrett, E. C. T. Walker & C. H. Parkes - 1980 - Cognition 8 (3):263-367.
  38.  4
    New Sophistry: Self-Deception in the Nursing Academy.Bernard M. Garrett - 2016 - Nursing Philosophy 17 (3):182-193.
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  39. Representation and Consciousness in Spinoza's Naturalistic Theory of the Imagination.Don Garrett - 2008 - In Charles Huenemann (ed.), Interpreting Spinoza: Critical Essays. Cambridge University Press. pp. 4--25.
  40. The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza’s Ethics.Don Garrett - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
     
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  41. The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza.Don Garrett (ed.) - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    Benedict de Spinoza has been one of the most inspiring and influential philosophers of the modern era, yet also one of the most difficult and most frequently misunderstood. Spinoza sought to unify mind and body, science and religion, and to derive an ethics of reason, virtue, and freedom 'in geometrical order' from a monistic metaphysics. Of all the philosophical systems of the seventeenth century it is his that speaks most deeply to the twentieth century. The essays in this volume provide (...)
     
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  42.  10
    What We Do When We Resuscitate Extremely Preterm Infants.Jeremy R. Garrett, Brian S. Carter & John D. Lantos - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (8):1-3.
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  43.  5
    Why Are There So Few Ethics Consults in Children’s Hospitals?Brian Carter, Manuel Brockman, Jeremy Garrett, Angie Knackstedt & John Lantos - 2018 - HEC Forum 30 (2):91-102.
    In most children’s hospitals, there are very few ethics consultations, even though there are many ethically complex cases. We hypothesize that the reason for this may be that hospitals develop different mechanisms to address ethical issues and that many of these mechanisms are closer in spirit to the goals of the pioneers of clinical ethics than is the mechanism of a formal ethics consultation. To show how this is true, we first review the history of collaboration between philosophers and physicians (...)
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  44. Spinoza on the Essence of the Human Body and the Part of the Mind That is Eternal.Don Garrett - 2009 - In Olli Koistinen (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza's Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
  45.  67
    Teleology in Spinoza and Early Modern Rationalism.Don Garrett - 1999 - In Gennaro Rocco & Huenemann Charles (eds.), New Essays on the Rationalists. Oxford University Press. pp. 310--36.
  46.  14
    Hume's Conclusions in “Conclusion of This Book”.Don Garrett - 2006 - In Saul Traiger (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Hume's Treatise. Blackwell. pp. 151--175.
  47.  26
    Ways of Knowing: Realism, Non-Realism, Nominalism and a Typology Revisited with a Counter Perspective for Nursing Science.Bernard M. Garrett & Roger L. Cutting - 2015 - Nursing Inquiry 22 (2):95-105.
  48.  58
    The Effectiveness of Corporate Communicative Responses to Accusations of Unethical Behavior.Jeffrey L. Bradford & Dennis E. Garrett - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (11):875 - 892.
    When corporations are accused of unethical behaviour by external actors, executives from those organizations are usually compelled to offer communicative responses to defend their corporate image. To demonstrate the effect that corporate executives'' communicative responses have on third parties'' perception of corporate image, we present the Corporate Communicative Response Model in this paper. Of the five potential communicative responses contained in this model (no response, denial, excuse, justification, and concession), results from our empirical test demonstrate that a concession is the (...)
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  49.  18
    A Study of the Attitudes Towards Unethical Selling Amongst Chinese Salespeople.Nick Lee, Amanda Beatson, Tony C. Garrett, Ian Lings & Xi Zhang - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S3):497-515.
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  50.  8
    Linking Broad Consent to Biobank Governance: Support From a Deliberative Public Engagement in California.Sarah B. Garrett, Daniel Dohan & Barbara A. Koenig - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):56-57.
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