Results for 'Sepehr Ehsani'

17 found
Order:
  1.  64
    Relativism as a Means to Alleviate Biology From Genomic Reductionism: But is the Remedy Effective?: Denis Noble: Dance to the Tune of Life: Biological Relativity. Cambridge University Press, December 2016, 302pp, £17.99 HB. [REVIEW]Sepehr Ehsani - 2018 - Metascience 27 (1):111-115.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. The Challenges of Purely Mechanistic Models in Biology and the Minimum Need for a 'Mechanism-Plus-X' Framework.Sepehr Ehsani - 2018 - Dissertation, University College London
    Ever since the advent of molecular biology in the 1970s, mechanical models have become the dogma in the field, where a "true" understanding of any subject is equated to a mechanistic description. This has been to the detriment of the biomedical sciences, where, barring some exceptions, notable new feats of understanding have arguably not been achieved in normal and disease biology, including neurodegenerative disease and cancer pathobiology. I argue for a "mechanism-plus-X" paradigm, where mainstay elements of mechanistic models such as (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  68
    Principled Mechanistic Explanations in Biology: A Case Study of Alzheimer's Disease.Sepehr Ehsani - manuscript
    Following an analysis of the state of investigations and clinical outcomes in the Alzheimer's research field, I argue that the widely-accepted 'amyloid cascade' mechanistic explanation of Alzheimer's disease appears to be fundamentally incomplete. In this context, I propose that a framework termed 'principled mechanism' (PM) can help with remedying this problem. First, using a series of five 'tests', PM systematically compares different components of a given mechanistic explanation against a paradigmatic set of criteria, and hints at various ways of making (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. A Framework for Philosophical Biology.Sepehr Ehsani - manuscript
    Advances in biology, at least over the past two centuries, have mostly relied on theories that were subsequently revised, expanded or eventually refuted using experimental and other means. The field of theoretical biology used to primarily provide a basis, similar to theoretical physics in the physical sciences, to rationally examine the frameworks within which biological experiments were carried out and to shed light on overlooked gaps in understanding. Today, however, theoretical biology has generally become synonymous with computational and mathematical biology. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5. Analytic Philosophy for Biomedical Research: The Imperative of Applying Yesterday's Timeless Messages to Today's Impasses.Sepehr Ehsani - 2020 - In P. Glauner & P. Plugmann (eds.), Innovative Technologies for Market Leadership - Investing in the Future. Springer. pp. 167-200.
    The mantra that "the best way to predict the future is to invent it" (attributed to the computer scientist Alan Kay) exemplifies some of the expectations from the technical and innovative sides of biomedical research at present. However, for technical advancements to make real impacts both on patient health and genuine scientific understanding, quite a number of lingering challenges facing the entire spectrum from protein biology all the way to randomized controlled trials should start to be overcome. The proposal in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. The Old Linguistic Problem of 'Reference' in a Modern Reading of Plato's Sophist.Sepehr Ehsani - manuscript
    This paper is about interpreting the aim of Plato's Sophist in a linguistic framework and arguing that in its attempt at resolving the conundrum of what the true meaning and essence of the word "sophist" could be, it resembles a number of themes encountered in contemporary linguistics. I think it is important to put our findings from the Sophist in a broader Platonic context: in other words, I assume—I think not too unreasonably—that Plato pursued (or at least had in mind) (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  31
    Iranian Academia: Evolution After Revolution and Plagiarism as a Disorder. [REVIEW]Sepehr Ghazinoory, Soroush Ghazinoori & Mandana Azadegan-Mehr - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (2):213-216.
    Recently, a few of scientific journals raise serious questions about scientific ethics and moral judgment of some of the Iranian government’s senior executives in their papers. Plagiarism, under any circumstances is not justified, and we do not intend to justify it in this note. However, we find it useful in understanding why otherwise respected, responsible individuals may engage in plagiarism by terse review of the history Iranian academia.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  8.  9
    Classification Videos Reveal the Visual Information Driving Complex Real-World Speeded Decisions.Sepehr Jalali, Sian E. Martin, Colm P. Murphy, Joshua A. Solomon & Kielan Yarrow - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  6
    The Australian Centre For Evidence‐Based Clinical Practice Generic Audit Tool: Auditmaker for Health Professionals.Sepehr Shakib & Paddy A. Phillips - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (2):259-263.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  3
    Information Accrual From the Period Preceding Racket-Ball Contact for Tennis Ground Strokes: Inferences From Stochastic Masking.Sepehr Jalali, Sian E. Martin, Tandra Ghose, Richard M. Buscombe, Joshua A. Solomon & Kielan Yarrow - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  23
    Relationship Between Declarations of Conflict of Interests and Reporting Positive Outcomes in Iranian Dental Journals.Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour, Sepehr Pourmonajemzadeh, Shahrzad Zoghitavana & Nader Navabi - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (4):1057-1067.
    Conflict of interests is a situation when someone is in need of other people’s trust on one the hand and has personal or general interests on the other hand, resulting in conflict with the given responsibility. In this research work, an attempt was made to find the relation between declarations of conflict of interests and reporting positive outcomes in the dental journals in Iran. In this analytical/cross-sectional study, first Health and Biomedical Information was searched and all the Persian and English (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  3
    Skin Conductance Responses of Learner and Licensed Drivers During a Hazard Perception Task.Theresa J. Chirles, Johnathon P. Ehsani, Neale Kinnear & Karen E. Seymour - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: While advanced driver assistance technologies have the potential to increase safety, there is concern that driver inattention resulting from overreliance on these features may result in crashes. Driver monitoring technologies to assess a driver’s state may be one solution. The purpose of this study was to replicate and extend the research on physiological responses to common driving hazards and examine how these may differ based on driving experience.Methods: Learner and Licensed drivers viewed a Driving Hazard Perception Task while electrodermal (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  2
    Nurses Awareness of Patients Rights in a Teaching Hospital.Amir Salari, Seyyedeh Roghayeh Ehsani, Ghasem Abotalebi, Jamaloddin Begjani & Esmaeil Mohammad Nejad - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 4:1-6.
    Patients' rights observance is one of the effective measures of patients' satisfaction of health care services. We performed this study at the aim of evaluation of nurses' awareness of patients' rights in a teaching hospital in Tehran.This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2010. In this study 156 nurses were randomly selected. Two-part questionnaire was used for data collection. The validity and reliability of questionnaire was determined and then it was distributed between subjects. The data were analyzed by SPSS version 15 (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14. Plagiarism and Ethics of Knowledge: Evidence From International Scientific Papers.Reza Jamali, Sepehr Ghazinoory & Mona Sadeghi - 2014 - Journal of Information Ethics 23 (1):101-110.
    Today, the speed at which science and technology is progressing around the world is so fast that any lag in this race may result in irrevocable consequences for certain countries. For emerging scientific powers such as Iran, this issue is a matter of the country's reputation. This study seeks to investigate plagiarism in different fields of science in Iran. With the growing number of scientific publications in Iran, several reports about the increase of plagiarism in Iranian academia have been published. (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15.  10
    Factors Associated with Use of Falls Risk–Increasing Drugs Among Patients of a Geriatric Oncology Outpatient Clinic in Australia: A Cross‐Sectional Study.Justin P. Turner, Hanna E. Tervonen, Sepehr Shakib, Nimit Singhal, Robert Prowse & J. Simon Bell - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (2):361-368.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Nurses' Perspectives on Breaking Bad News to Patients and Their Families: A Qualitative Content Analysis.Abbas Abbaszadeh, Seyyedeh Roghayeh Ehsani, Jamal Begjani, Mohammad Akbari Kaji, Fatemeh Nemati Dopolani, Amir Nejati & Esmaeil Mohammadnejad - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 7 (1).
    Breaking bad news is quite often not done in an effective manner in clinical settings due to the medical staff lacking the skills necessary for speaking to patients and their families. Bad news is faced with similar reactions on the part of the news receiver in all cultures and nations. The purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of Iranian nurses on breaking bad news to patients and their families. In this research, a qualitative approach was adopted. In-depth (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. Breaking Bad News Protocol for Cancer Disclosure: An Iranian Version.Parvaneh Abazari, Fariba Taleghani, Simin Hematti, Azadeh Malekian, Fariborz Mokarian, Sayyed Mohammad Reza Hakimian & Maryam Ehsani - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 10.
    In Iran, as in many Asian and Middle Eastern countries, a significant proportion of cancer patients are never informed of their illness. One of the proposed solutions to tackle this challenge is to develop a localized protocol based on the culture and values of community members about cancer and the truth-telling phenomenon, and training of health care team members to disclose the bad news using this protocol. In the same vein, this study also introduced a localized protocol for disclosure of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark