Results for 'Mark B. Okrent'

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  1.  14
    Philosophy Mark B. Okrent.Mark B. Okrent - 2002 - In Hubert L. Dreyfus & Mark A. Wrathall (eds.), Heidegger Reexamined. Routledge. pp. 4--161.
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  2.  39
    Hermeneutics, Transcendental Philosophy and Social Science.Mark B. Okrent - 1984 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 27 (1-4):23 – 49.
    It has frequently been argued that there must be a necessary and important difference between the methods of the natural and social sciences, or that an empirical method in social science must be supplemented by or is inferior to an interpretative method. Often these claims have been supported by arguments using premises derived from the early Heidegger or the late Wittgenstein. These arguments, in turn, tend either to be transcendental in form or to follow a hermeneutic argument strategy. This paper (...)
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  3.  52
    Relativism, Context, and Truth.Mark B. Okrent - 1984 - The Monist 67 (3):341-358.
    Recently there has been a revival of philosophic interest in, and discussion of, ‘relativism’. Debates concerning relativism, however, tend to have an odd air of unreality. It is odd that while most everyone wants to refute relativism, just about no one wants to be identified as a relativist. There is even a tendency to use ‘relativist’ as an epithet of abuse. But, if relativism is universally acknowledged to be refuted, even self-refuting, then why is there so much discussion of it, (...)
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  4.  43
    The Truth of Being and the History of Philosophy.Mark B. Okrent - 1981 - The Monist 64 (4):500-517.
    In a recent article Richard Rorty has attempted to juxtapose Heidegger and Dewey. While finding significant points of agreement between the two, and by implication praising much of Heidegger’s work, Rorty also suggests a series of criticisms of Heidegger. The problems which Rorty finds with Heidegger can, I think, all be reduced to one basic criticism, which has two main sides. In Rorty’s view Heidegger can not really differentiate between Being and beings in the way that he wants, and thus (...)
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  5.  12
    Being and Technology: A Study in the Philosophy of Martin Heidegger.Mark B. Okrent - 1983 - Review of Metaphysics 37 (2):403-405.
    In the preface of this book, Loscerbo states that "the work has no pretense to 'criticize' in the sense of 'refuting'--which task we leave to those more able". In fact, Loscerbo makes little attempt either to criticize or evaluate critically Heidegger's work on technology. Rather, the book gives us a general reading of Heidegger's thought as a whole which focuses loosely on the question concerning the essence of technology. Loscerbo organizes his interpretation of Heidegger according to two principles, one microscopic, (...)
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  6.  10
    The Becoming of Being.Mark B. Okrent - 1978 - Man and World 11 (3-4):281-298.
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  7.  17
    Time, History and Development in Hegel.Mark B. Okrent - 1982 - International Studies in Philosophy 14 (2):57-76.
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  8.  23
    Review of Robert B. Brandom, Reason in Philosophy: Animating Ideas[REVIEW]Mark Okrent - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (1).
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  9.  18
    Selves and Minds: A Reply to Professor Knox: MARK B. WOODHOUSE.Mark B. Woodhouse - 1970 - Religious Studies 6 (3):263-272.
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  10.  36
    Science in Democracy: Expertise, Institutions, and Representation.Mark B. Brown - 2009 - MIT Press.
    2009 Massachusetts Institute of Technology All rights reserved. No part of this book may ... ISBN 978-0-262-01324-6 (hardcover : alk. paper)— ISBN 978-0-262 -51304-3 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Science— Political aspects. 2. Science and state. 3 .
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  11. Feed-Forward: On the Future of Twenty-First-Century Media.Mark B. N. Hansen - 2014 - University of Chicago Press.
    Even as media in myriad forms increasingly saturate our lives, we nonetheless tend to describe our relationship to it in terms from the twentieth century: we are consumers of media, choosing to engage with it. In _Feed-Forward_, Mark B. N. Hansen shows just how outmoded that way of thinking is: media is no longer separate from us but has become an inescapable part of our very experience of the world. Engaging deeply with the speculative empiricism of philosopher Alfred North (...)
     
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  12.  37
    Moral Luck as Moral Lack of Control.Mark B. Anderson - 2019 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 57 (1):5-29.
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  13. Last Judgment: The Visionary Biology of J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW]Mark B. Adams - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):457 - 491.
    This paper seeks to reinterpret the life and work of J. B. S. Haldane by focusing on an illuminating but largely ignored essay he published in 1927, "The Last Judgment" -- the sequel to his better known work, "Daedalus" (1924). This astonishing essay expresses a vision of the human future over the next 40,000,000 years, one that revises and updates Wellsian futurism with the long range implications of the "new biology" for human destiny. That vision served as a kind of (...)
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  14. Mechanisms and Constitutive Relevance.Mark B. Couch - 2011 - Synthese 183 (3):375-388.
    This paper will examine the nature of mechanisms and the distinction between the relevant and irrelevant parts involved in a mechanism’s operation. I first consider Craver’s account of this distinction in his book on the nature of mechanisms, and explain some problems. I then offer a novel account of the distinction that appeals to some resources from Mackie’s theory of causation. I end by explaining how this account enables us to better understand what mechanisms are and their various features.
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  15.  34
    New Philosophy for New Media.Mark B. N. Hansen - 2004 - MIT Press.
    In New Philosophy for New Media, Mark Hansen defines the image in digital art in terms that go beyond the merely visual. Arguing that the "digital image" encompasses the entire process by which information is made perceivable, he places the body in a privileged position -- as the agent that filters information in order to create images. By doing so, he counters prevailing notions of technological transcendence and argues for the indispensability of the human in the digital era.Hansen examines (...)
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  16.  2
    Heidegger's Pragmatism: Understanding, Being, and the Critique of Metaphysics.Mark Okrent - 2019 - Cornell University Press.
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  17.  19
    Being-in-the-World: A Commentary on Heidegger's Being and Time, Division I.Mark Okrent & Hubert L. Dreyfus - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (2):290.
  18.  44
    Survey Article: Citizen Panels and the Concept of Representation.Mark B. Brown - 2006 - Journal of Political Philosophy 14 (2):203-225.
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  19.  29
    Heidegger's Pragmatism: Understanding, Being, and the Critique of Metaphysics.Mark Okrent - 1988 - Cornell University Press.
  20.  43
    Moral Education in the Zone of Proximal Development.Mark B. Tappan - 1998 - Journal of Moral Education 27 (2):141-160.
    Abstract In this paper the outlines of an explicitly ?Vygotskian? perspective on moral education are sketched. I begin by briefly reviewing and critiquing the two most well?known and widely used approaches to moral education??the cognitive?developmental approach and the character education approach??and I suggest that a Vygotskian/socio?cultural perspective has the potential to address many of the problems faced by contemporary moral educators. Vygotsky's ideas about the ?zone of proximal development? are then summarised and those ideas are extended to the domain of (...)
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  21.  34
    Moral Functioning as Mediated Action.Mark B. Tappan - 2006 - Journal of Moral Education 35 (1):1-18.
    In this paper, I argue that it is quite useful, both theoretically and empirically, to adopt a socio?cultural approach to the study of moral development. This entails viewing ?moral functioning? as a form of mediated action, and moral development as the process by which persons gradually appropriate a variety of ?moral mediational means?. Mediated action entails two central elements: an ?agent?, the person who is doing the acting, on the one hand, and ?cultural tools? or ?mediational means?, the tools, means, (...)
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  22. The Wellborn Science: Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil, and Russia.Mark B. Adams, William H. Schneider, Paul Weindling, Philip R. Reilly & Nicole Hahn Rafter - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (1):131-145.
     
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  23. Discussion: A Defense of Bechtel and Mundale.Mark B. Couch - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (2):198-204.
    Kim claims that Bechtel and Mundale's case against multiple realization depends on the wrong kind of evidence. The latter argue that neuroscientific practice shows neural states across individuals and species are type identical. Kim replies that the evidence they cite to support this is irrelevant. I defend Bechtel and Mundale by showing why the evidence they cite is relevant and shows multiple realization does not occur.
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  24.  18
    Narrative, Language and Moral Experience.Mark B. Tappan - 1991 - Journal of Moral Education 20 (3):243-256.
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  25. Science, Democracy, and the Right to Research.Mark B. Brown & David H. Guston - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):351-366.
    Debates over the politicization of science have led some to claim that scientists have or should have a “right to research.” This article examines the political meaning and implications of the right to research with respect to different historical conceptions of rights. The more common “liberal” view sees rights as protections against social and political interference. The “republican” view, in contrast, conceives rights as claims to civic membership. Building on the republican view of rights, this article conceives the right to (...)
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  26. Multiple Realization in Comparative Perspective.Mark B. Couch - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (4):505-519.
    Arguments for multiple realization depend on the idea that the same kind of function is realized by different kinds of structures. It is important to such arguments that we know the kinds used in the arguments have been individuated properly. In the philosophical literature, though, claims about how to individuate kinds are frequently decided on intuitive grounds. This paper criticizes this way of approaching kinds by considering how practicing researchers think about the matter. I will consider several examples in which (...)
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  27.  44
    Molinism, Open Theism, and Soteriological Luck.Mark B. Anderson - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (3):371-381.
    It is sometimes claimed by open theists that, on Molinism, God controls who is saved and who is damned and that, as a consequence, God's judgement of us is unjust. While this charge is usually lumped under the problem of evil, it could easily be classified under the problem of soteriological luck. I argue that the open theist is impugned by this latter problem. I then show that the Molinist has a solution to both problems and consider objections to that (...)
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  28. The Role of PTSD in Adjudicating Violent Crimes.Mark B. Hamner - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):155-160.
    PTSD was formalized as a diagnosis by the American Psychiatric Association in 1980 with the publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), 3rd edition. Since that time, the diagnosis has been widely utilized in the courts including the use in criminal proceedings. PTSD may play a role in the assessment of violent crimes both as a possible contributing factor in the perpetrators as well as a consequence in the victims. There are a number of ethical and (...)
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  29.  62
    Philip Kitcher, Science in a Democratic Society.Mark B. Brown - 2013 - Minerva 51 (3):389-397.
    Philip Kitcher is a leading figure in the philosophy of science, and he is part of a growing community of scholars who have turned their attention from the field’s long-time focus on questions of logic and epistemology to the relation between science and society. Kitcher’s book Science, Truth, and Democracy (2001) charted a course between relativism and realism, arguing that the aims of science emerge from not only scientific curiosity but also practical and public concerns. The book also drew on (...)
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  30.  59
    Functional Properties and Convergence in Biology.Mark B. Couch - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1041-1051.
    Evolutionary convergence is often appealed to in support of claims about multiple realization. The idea is that convergence shows that the same function can be realized by different kinds of structures. I argue here that the nature of convergence is more complicated than it might appear at first look. Broad claims about convergence are made by biologists during general discussions of the mechanisms of evolution. In their specialized work, though, biologists are often more limited in the claims they make. I (...)
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  31.  24
    The Political Philosophy of Science Policy.Mark B. Brown - 2004 - Minerva 42 (1):77-95.
    Reviews the book "Science, Truth, and Democracy," by Philip Kitcher.
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  32.  33
    The Founding of Population Genetics: Contributions of the Chetverikov School 1924?1934.Mark B. Adams - 1968 - Journal of the History of Biology 1 (1):23-39.
  33.  11
    The Role of PTSD in Adjudicating Violent Crimes.Mark B. Hamner - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):155-160.
    There are a number of considerations, including ethical and clinical or diagnostic factors, in utilizing the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder in criminal proceedings. The reliability and validity of the diagnosis may be questioned. Legal precedent may consider extant diagnostic criteria for PTSD and comorbid diagnoses. However, these diagnostic criteria are often in flux considering new research findings. For example, the introduction of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association, (...)
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  34.  43
    Three Ways to Politicize Bioethics.Mark B. Brown - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):43 – 54.
    Many commentators today lament the politicization of bioethics, but some suggest distinguishing among different kinds of politicization. This essay pursues that idea with reference to three traditions of political thought: liberalism, communitarianism, and republicanism. After briefly discussing the concept of politicization itself, the essay examines how each of these political traditions manifests itself in recent bioethics scholarship, focusing on the implications of each tradition for the design of government bioethics councils. The liberal emphasis on the irreducible plurality of values and (...)
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  35. Heidegger and Korsgaard on Human Reflection.Mark Okrent - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 27 (2):47-76.
  36.  32
    A New Epiphenomenalism?Mark B. Woodhouse - 1974 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52 (2):163-69.
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  37.  21
    Media Theory.Mark B. N. Hansen - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):297-306.
    Poised on the cusp between phenomenology and materiality, media institute a theoretical oscillation that promises to displace the empirical-transcendental divide that has structured western meditation on thinking, including the thinking of technics. Because media give the infrastructure conditioning thought without ceasing to be empirical, they form the basis for a complex hermeneutics that cannot avoid the task of accounting for its unthematizable infrastructural condition. Tracing the oscillation constitutive of such a hermeneutics as it serves variously to constitute media theory in (...)
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  38.  12
    Envisioning a Postmodern Moral Pedagogy.Mark B. Tappan & Lyn Mikel Brown - 1996 - Journal of Moral Education 25 (1):101-109.
    Abstract This paper considers some of the implications of the ?postmodern condition? for the practice of moral education in the contemporary world. It argues that an explicitly critical dimension is a key element of the postmodern perspective and suggests that, from such a perspective, most of the efforts to engage in explicit moral education over the past 25 years have fallen short, because instead of pushing toward genuine critique and authentic change they have simply perpetuated the status quo. It proposes, (...)
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  39. Acquaintance and Cognition.Mark Okrent - 2006 - In Rebecca Kukla (ed.), Aesthetics and Cognition in Kant's Critical Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  40.  51
    Review of Roger S. Pielke, Jr., The Honest Broker: Making Sense of Science in Policy and Politics. [REVIEW]Mark B. Brown - 2008 - Minerva 46 (4):485-489.
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  41.  22
    Towards a Synthesis: Population Concepts in Russian Evolutionary Thought, 1925?1935.Mark B. Adams - 1970 - Journal of the History of Biology 3 (1):107-129.
  42. Consciousness and Brahman-Atman.Mark B. Woodhouse - 1978 - The Monist 61 (January):109-124.
    Hindu religious and philosophical thought revolves around the basic metaphysical thesis that Atman, the individual self, is identical with Brahman, the Universal Self in which all things are sustained. With a few notable exceptions most Western philosophers have found this thesis too far removed from common sense to consider seriously. My purpose in this essay is to clarify and defend five theses about consciousness which, while formulated independently, have their closest collective affinities to the Advaita Vedanta view of consciousness.
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  43. Nature and Normativity: Biology, Teleology, and Meaning.Mark Okrent - 2017 - Routledge.
    _Nature and Normativity _argues that the problem of the place of norms in nature has been essentially misunderstood when it has been articulated in terms of the relation of human language and thought, on the one hand, and the world described by physics on the other. Rather, if we concentrate on the facts that speaking and thinking are activities of organic agents, then the problem of the place of the normative in nature becomes refocused on three related questions. First, is (...)
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  44.  45
    Equipment, World, and Language.Mark Okrent - 2002 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 45 (2):195 – 204.
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  45.  81
    The Cambridge Companion to Merleau-Ponty.Taylor Carman & Mark B. N. Hansen (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty was described by Paul Ricoeur as 'the greatest of the French phenomenologists'. The essays in this volume examine the full scope of Merleau-Ponty's philosophy, from his central and abiding concern with the nature of perception and the bodily constitution of intentionality to his reflections on science, nature, art, history, and politics. The authors explore the historical origins and context of his thought as well as its continuing relevance to contemporary work in phenomenology, philosophy of mind, cognitive science, biology, (...)
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  46. Causal Role Theories of Functional Explanation.Mark B. Couch - 2011 - In James Fieser & Bradley Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  47.  9
    Consciousness and Brahman-Atman.Mark B. Woodhouse - 1978 - The Monist 61 (1):109-124.
    Hindu religious and philosophical thought revolves around the basic metaphysical thesis that Atman, the individual self, is identical with Brahman, the Universal Self in which all things are sustained. With a few notable exceptions most Western philosophers have found this thesis too far removed from common sense to consider seriously. My purpose in this essay is to clarify and defend five theses about consciousness which, while formulated independently, have their closest collective affinities to the Advaita Vedanta view of consciousness.
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  48.  23
    Living (with) Technical Time.Mark B. N. Hansen - 2009 - Theory, Culture and Society 26 (2-3):294-315.
    This article proposes that time is not so much constituted by time-consciousness as given by technical inscriptions of time. The `digital gift' of time that comprises one fundamental mode of this giving of time correlates with Aristotle's conception of time as `the number of movement according to the before and after'; more specifically, it furnishes a minimal form of temporal difference — a minimal before-after structure — that proves useful for exploring how the experience of time has changed today. The (...)
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  49.  53
    Toward the Recovery of the Local in the Globalizing Food System: The Role of Alternative Agricultural and Food Models in the Us.Mark B. Lapping - 2004 - Ethics, Place and Environment 7 (3):141 – 150.
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  50.  8
    Evaluating Visual and Auditory Contributions to the Cognitive Restoration Effect.Adam G. Emfield & Mark B. Neider - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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