Results for 'Emma Ruttkamp-Bloem'

933 found
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  1.  8
    A Model-Theoretic Realist Interpretation of Science.Emma Ruttkamp - 2002 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    In this book Emma Ruttkamp demonstrates the power of the full-blown employment of the model-theoretic paradigm in the philosophy of science. Within this paradigm she gives an account of sciences as process and product. She expounds the "received statement" and the "non-statement" views of science, and shows how the model-theoretic approach resolves the spurious tension between these views. In this endeavour she also engages the views of a number of contemporary philosophers of science with affinity to model theory. This (...)
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  2. Philosophy of Science: Interfaces Between Logic and Knowledge Representation.Emma Ruttkamp - 2006 - South African Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):275-289.
    In this inaugural lecture I offer, against the background of a discussion of knowledge representation and its tools, an overview of my research in the philosophy of science. I defend a relational model-theoretic realism as being the appropriate meta-stance most congruent with the model-theoretic view of science as a form of human engagement with the world. Making use of logics with preferential semantics within a model-theoretic paradigm, I give an account of science as process and product. I demonstrate the power (...)
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  3. Interactive Realism.Emma Ruttkamp - 2011 - South African Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):41-52.
    I investigate a new understanding of realism in science, referred to as ‘interactive realism’, and I suggest the ‘evolutionary progressiveness’ of a theory as novel criterion for this kind of realism. My basic claim is that we cannot be realists about anything except the progress affected by myriad science-reality interactions that are constantly moving on a continuum of increased ‘fitness’ determined according to empirical constraints. Moreover to reflect this movement accurately, there is a corresponding continuum of verdicts about the status (...)
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  4. Reduction Revisited.Emma Ruttkamp - 2006 - South African Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):102-112.
    This is a first tentative examination of the possibility of reinstating reduction as a valid candidate for presenting relations between mental and physical properties. Classical Nagelian reduction is undoubtedly contaminated in many ways, but here I investigate the possibility of adapting to problems concerning mental properties an alternative definition for theory reduction in philosophy of science. The definition I offer is formulated with the aid of non-monotonic logic, which I suspect might be a very interesting realm for testing notions concerning (...)
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  5.  88
    Reviewing Reduction in a Preferential Model‐Theoretic Context.Emma Ruttkamp & Johannes Heidema - 2005 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (2):123 – 146.
    In this article, we redefine classical notions of theory reduction in such a way that model-theoretic preferential semantics becomes part of a realist depiction of this aspect of science. We offer a model-theoretic reconstruction of science in which theory succession or reduction is often better - or at a finer level of analysis - interpreted as the result of model succession or reduction. This analysis leads to 'defeasible reduction', defined as follows: The conjunction of the assumptions of a reducing theory (...)
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  6. Semantic Approaches in the Philosophy of Science.Emma B. Ruttkamp - 1999 - South African Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):100-148.
    In this article I give an overview of some recent work in philosophy of science dedicated to analysing the scientific process in terms of (conceptual) mathematical models of theories and the various semantic relations between such models, scientific theories, and aspects of reality. In current philosophy of science, the most interesting questions centre around the ways in which writers distinguish between theories and the mathematical structures that interpret them and in which they are true, i.e. between scientific theories as linguistic (...)
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  7.  8
    A Model-Theoretic Realist Interpretation of Science.Emma Ruttkamp - 1999 - Dissertation, University of South Africa (South Africa)
    My model-theoretic realist account of science places linguistic systems and the corresponding non-linguistic structures at different stages of the scientific process. It is shown that science and its progress cannot be analysed in terms of only one of these strata. Philosophy of science literature offers mainly two approaches; to the structure of scientific knowledge analysed in terms of theories and their models, the "statement" and the "non-statement" approaches. In opposition to the statement approach's belief that scientific knowledge is embodied in (...)
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  8.  88
    Reality in Science.Emma Ruttkamp - 1999 - South African Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):149-191.
    One way in which to address the intriguing relations between science and reality is to work via the models (mathematical structures) of formal scientific theories which are interpretations under which these theories turn out to be true. The so-called 'statement approach' to scientific theories -- characteristic for instance of Nagel, Carnap, and Hempel --depicts theories in terms of 'symbolic languages' and some set of 'correspondence rules' or 'definition principles'. The defenders of the oppositionist non-statement approach advocate an analysis where the (...)
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  9. On Truth and Reference in Postmodern Science.Emma Ruttkamp - 2003 - South African Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):220-235.
    If the defenders of typical postmodern accounts of science (and their less extreme social-constructivist partners) are at one end of the scale in current philosophy of science, who shall we place at the other end? Old-style metaphysical realists? Neo-neo-positivists? ... Are the choices concerning realist issues as simple as being centered around either, on the one hand, whether it is the way reality is “constructed” in accordance with some contingent language game that determines scientific “truth”; or, on the other hand, (...)
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  10. Overdetermination of Theories by Empirical Models: A Realist Interpretation of Empirical Choices.Emma Ruttkamp - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):409-436.
    A model-theoretic realist account of science places linguistic systems and their corresponding non-linguistic structures at different stages or different levels of abstraction of the scientific process. Apart from the obvious problem of underdetermination of theories by data, philosophers of science are also faced with the inverse (and very real) problem of overdetermination of theories by their empirical models, which is what this article will focus on. I acknowledge the contingency of the factors determining the nature – and choice – of (...)
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  11.  42
    A Model-Theoretic Interpretation of Science.Emma Ruttkamp - 1997 - South African Journal of Philosophy 16 (1):31-36.
    I am arguing that it is only by concentrating on the role of models in theory construction, interpretation and change, that one can study the progress of science sensibly. I define the level at which these models operate as a level above the purely empirical (consisting of various systems in reality) but also indeed below that of the fundamental formal theories (expressed linguistically). The essentially multi-interpretability of the theory at the general, abstract linguistic level, implies that it can potentially make (...)
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  12.  6
    Editorial Preface.Emma Ruttkamp - 2011 - South African Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):41-52.
  13.  27
    Overdetermination and Reference: Reply to Emma Ruttkamp.Theo A. F. Kuipers - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):437-439.
  14.  37
    Scientific Realism: Quo Vadis? Introduction: New Thinking About Scientific Realism.Stathis Psillos & Emma Ruttkamp-Bloem - 2017 - Synthese 194 (9):3187-3201.
    This Introduction has two foci: the first is a discussion of the motivation for and the aims of the 2014 conference on New Thinking about Scientific Realism in Cape Town South Africa, and the second is a brief contextualization of the contributed articles in this special issue of Synthese in the framework of the conference. Each focus is discussed in a separate section.
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  15. Re-Enchanting Realism in Debate with Kyle Stanford.Emma Ruttkamp-Bloem - 2013 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 44 (1):201-224.
    In this article, against the background of a notion of ‘assembled’ truth, the evolutionary progressiveness of a theory is suggested as novel and promising explanation for the success of science. A new version of realism in science, referred to as ‘naturalised realism’ is outlined. Naturalised realism is ‘fallibilist’ in the unique sense that it captures and mimics the self-corrective core of scientific knowledge and its progress. It is argued that naturalised realism disarms Kyle Stanford’s anti-realist ‘new induction’ threats by showing (...)
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  16. Repositioning Realism.Emma Ruttkamp-Bloem - 2015 - Philosophia Scientae 19:85-98.
    Naturalised realism’ is presented as a version of realism which is more compatible with the history of science than convergent or explanationist forms of realism. The account is unpacked according to four theses: 1) Whether realism is warranted with regards to a particular theory depends on the kind and quality of evidence available for that theory; 2) Reference is about causal interaction with the world; 3) Most of science happens somewhere in between instrumentalism and scientific realism on a continuum of (...)
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  17.  98
    A Non-Classical Logical Foundation for Naturalised Realism.Emma Ruttkamp-Bloem, Giovanni Casini & Thomas Meyer - 2015 - In P. & M. Danćak Arazim (ed.), Logica Yearbook 2014. College Publications. pp. 249-266.
    In this paper, by suggesting a formal representation of science based on recent advances in logic-based Artificial Intelligence (AI), we show how three serious concerns around the realisation of traditional scientific realism (the theory/observation distinction, over-determination of theories by data, and theory revision) can be overcome such that traditional realism is given a new guise as ‘naturalised’. We contend that such issues can be dealt with (in the context of scientific realism) by developing a formal representation of science based on (...)
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  18.  28
    Book Notice: Peter Machamer, Gereon Wolters : Interpretation. Ways of Thinking About the Sciences and the Arts. Pittsburgh-Konstanz Series in the Philosophy and History of Science. Pittsburgh, PA: Pittsburgh University Press, 2010, 266pp, $80.00 HB. [REVIEW]Emma Ruttkamp-Bloem - 2012 - Metascience 21 (3):775-776.
    A review of the book "Interpretation. Ways of thinking about the sciences and the arts" by Peter Machamer, Gereon Wolters (eds.). Published in the Pittsburgh-Konstanz series in the philosophy and history of science. Pittsburgh, PA: Pittsburgh University Press, 2010, 266pp, $80.00 HB.
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  19.  18
    Scrutinizing Visual Images: The Role of Gaze in Mental Imagery and Memory.Bruno Laeng, Ilona M. Bloem, Stefania D’Ascenzo & Luca Tommasi - 2014 - Cognition 131 (2):263-283.
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  20. The Metaphysics of Economic Exchanges.Massin Olivier & Tieffenbach Emma - 2017 - Journal of Social Ontology 3 (2):167-205.
    What are economic exchanges? The received view has it that exchanges are mutual transfers of goods motivated by inverse valuations thereof. As a corollary, the standard approach treats exchanges of services as a subspecies of exchanges of goods. We raise two objections against this standard approach. First, it is incomplete, as it fails to take into account, among other things, the offers and acceptances that lie at the core of even the simplest cases of exchanges. Second, it ultimately fails to (...)
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  21.  32
    The Absence of Cross-Modal Forward Facilitation of the Auditory and Somatosensory N1 ERP Peaks at Intervals Less Than 300 Milliseconds Reveals a Dissociation with Simultaneous and Temporal Order Judgement Task Performance. [REVIEW]Griffith Kaine, Woods Emma, Timora Justin & Budd Timothy - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  22.  27
    The Effects of Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Polymorphism Val158Met on Resting EEG Spectral Activity in Healthy Adults.Steiner Genevieve, Fernandez-Enright Francesca, Barkus Emma & Barry Robert - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  23.  26
    The Man Behind the Mask: The Effect of Visual Masks on Event-Related Potentials Elicited in Response to Emotional Faces.Kornfeld Emma, Allen Samantha, Rushby Jacqueline & McDonald Skye - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  24.  25
    Is Translation Semantically Mediated? Evidence From Welsh-English Bilingual Aphasia.Hughes Emma, Roberts Jennifer, Roberts Daniel, Kendrick Luke, Payne Josh, Owen-Booth Beth, Barr Polly & Tainturier Marie-Josephe - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  25.  23
    Exploring Individual Differences in Affective Processing Using Psychophysiology.Camfield David, Boyall Sarah, Kornfeld Emma, Taylor Monique, Wesnes Keith, Barry Robert, Steiner Genevieve, De Blasio Frances & Croft Rodney - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  26.  22
    Can Human Classical Conditioning Paradigms Affect Early Facial Processing? Modulation of the N170 and N250 in Response to Conditioning with Aversive Imagery and Acoustic Startle, Findings From Studies of Healthy and Depressed Participants. [REVIEW]Camfield David, Kornfeld Emma, Mills Jessica & Croft Rodney - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  27.  18
    KIBRA Rs17070145 Polymorphism and Resting EEG Spectral Activity: Biomarkers for Reduced Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease.Steiner Genevieve, Fernandez-Enright Francesca, Barry Robert & Barkus Emma - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  28.  8
    Die Genadegawes in Die Nuwe Testament.G. N. Bloem - 1967 - Hts Theological Studies 23 (4).
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  29.  17
    ERPs Differentiate Happy From Angry Facial Processing.De Blasio Frances, Rushby Jacqueline, Kornfeld Emma, Schollar-Root Olivia & McDonald Skye - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  30.  16
    Early Post-Stroke Measures of Slowed Frontal Lobe Activity Can Help Predict Cognitive Outcomes.Schleiger Emma, Sheikh Nabeel, Rowland Tennille, Wong Andrew, Read Stephen & Finnigan Simon - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  31.  15
    Impaired Mu Suppression to Negative Affect in Traumatic Brain Injured Patients.Rushby Jacqueline, McDonald Skye, De Blasio Frances & Kornfeld Emma - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  32.  19
    Type A Behavior Pattern, Multiple-Task Performance, and Subjective Estimation of Mental Workload.Diane L. Damos & Kathryn A. Bloem - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (1):53-56.
  33.  12
    Exploration of Unitization Processes in Episodic Memory in Alzheimer's Disease.Delhaye Emma, Salmon Eric & Bastin Christine - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  34.  6
    Hoe 'Tijd' Psychiatrie Opnieuw Betoverde.Susanna Bloem - 2018 - Studium : Revue D’Histoire des Sciences Et des Universités 10 (4):191.
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  35.  10
    Novel Adaptations in Motor Cortical Maps in Persistent Elbow Pain.Hodges Paul, Schabrun Siobhan, Chipchase Lucy, Vicenzino Bill & Jones Emma - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  36.  9
    The Cognate Advantage in Bilingual Aphasia: Now You See It, Now You Don't.Hughes Emma & Tainturier Marie-Josephe - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  37.  12
    À la recherche de la subjectivité dans les Problèmes d'Évrart de Conty: un commentateur juché sur les épaules d'Aristote.Annelies Bloem - 2006 - In Pieter de Leemans & Michèle Goyens (eds.), Aristotle's Problemata in Different Times and Tongues. Leuven University Press. pp. 1--245.
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  38.  8
    The Effect of Attention on the Loudness Dependence of the Auditory Evoked Potential in Individuals with Depression and Healthy Controls.Kornfeld Emma, Camfield David & Croft Rodney - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  39.  7
    The Role of Valence and Arousal in ‘Fear’ Conditioning of Face Processing?Kornfeld Emma, Camfield David & Croft Rodney - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  40. ST La Question des Faits Dans le Cadre de l'Expression En Termes de Responsabilité.Ph Bloem - 1985 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 77 (4):235-249.
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  41. Cognitive Structures in Scientific Inquiry: Essays in Debate with Theo Kuipers. Volume 2.Roberto Festa, Atocha Aliseda & Jeanne Peijnenburg - 2005 - Rodopi.
    This book is the second of two volumes devoted to the work of Theo Kuipers, a leading Dutch philosopher of science. Philosophers and scientists from all over the world, thirty seven in all, comment on Kuipers’ philosophy, and each of their commentaries is followed by a reply from Kuipers. The present volume is devoted to Kuipers’ neo-classical philosophy of science, as laid down in his Structures in Science . Kuipers defends a dialectical interaction between science and philosophy in that he (...)
     
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  42.  1
    Emma and Defective Action.Eileen John - 2018 - In Eva Dadlez (ed.), Jane Austen's Emma: Philosophical Perspectives. New York, NY, USA: pp. 84-108.
    This chapter explores what Emma and Austen might have to say about human agency and autonomy. Considered and challenged are Christine Korsgaard’s use of Austen’s characters (Emma Woodhouse and Harriet Smith) to exemplify a species of defective autonomous action. Austen's novel persistently addresses and clarifies the nature and sources of defective action. Harriet Smith’s happy subordination to Emma’s will, as Korsgaard maintains, is obviously problematic. But it is most often Emma Woodhouse herself, and not Harriet, whose (...)
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  43.  37
    “We Are a Group of Feminist Lawyers Doing What We Can”: An Interview with Emma Scott, Director of Rights of Women.Hannah Camplin & Emma Scott - 2015 - Feminist Legal Studies 23 (3):319-328.
    Rights of Women attracted much UK media attention in late 2014 by bringing a judicial review that challenged the reduced provisions for family law legal aid available for victims of domestic violence: R v The Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice [2015] EWHC 35. In June 2015, within Rights of Women’s 40th anniversary year, Hannah Camplin interviewed the organisation’s Director Emma Scott about the decision to bring the judicial review, the advantages and challenges of the judicial review (...)
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  44. Pursuing Meaning, by Emma Borg.Manuel García-Carpintero - 2013 - Mind 122 (486):fzt076.
    This is a review of Emma Borg's Pursuing Meaning.
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  45.  9
    Emma's Pensive Meditations.Cynthia Freeland - 2018 - In Eva Dadlez (ed.), Jane Austen's Emma: Philosophical Perspectives. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 55-83.
  46.  1
    Jane Austen’s Emma: Philosophical Perspectives.Kathryn Sutherland - forthcoming - British Journal of Aesthetics:ayaa025.
    Jane Austen’s Emma : Philosophical PerspectivesDADLEZE. M. oup. 2018. pp. xvi + 246. £19.99.
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  47.  20
    Manhood and Happiness in Emma.Joyce Kerr Tarpley - 2018 - Renascence 70 (1):23-41.
    Among Austen commentators, the traditional view of manhood holds that it is innate, “‘a matter of course,’ a given quality of a man’s nature”. However, since the 90’s, this view has been contested, especially in Emma, with the argument that “masculinity is something the novel contests and constructs”. In “Manhood and Happiness in Emma: Liberal Learning and Practicing the Language of Marriage,” I frame Austen’s understanding of manhood in terms of education. In order to become the man he (...)
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  48.  14
    Responding to Modern Sensibilities: Emma and Edvard Entangled.Patricia G. Berman - 2017 - Text Matters - a Journal of Literature, Theory and Culture 7 (7):145-159.
    This article is an edited version of the response paper offered at the conclusion of the symposium, Modern Sensibilities. It ties together themes from the symposium papers, as well as ideas prompted by Mieke Bal’s exhibition, Emma & Edvard: Love in the Time of Loneliness, and her accompanying book, Emma and Edvard Looking Sideways: Loneliness and the Cinematic. It focuses on the anachronistic entanglements among Flaubert’s “Emma,” Munch’s motifs, Mieke Bal and Michelle Williams Gamaker’s Madame B, the (...)
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  49. Jane Austen's Emma: Philosophical Perspectives.Eva M. Dadlez (ed.) - 2018 - Oup Usa.
    What has Emma Woodhouse to say to a discipline like philosophy? The minutia of daily living on which Jane Austen's Emma concentrates our attention permit a closer look at human emotions and motives. Emma shows how friendships can affect one's ways of dealing with the world, how shame can reconfigure self-understanding. That is, Emma leads us to think philosophically.
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  50. Considering Emma Goldman: Feminist Political Ambivalence and the Imaginative Archive.Clare Hemmings - 2017 - Duke University Press.
    In _Considering Emma Goldman_ Clare Hemmings examines the significance of the anarchist activist and thinker for contemporary feminist politics. Rather than attempting to resolve the tensions and problems that Goldman's thinking about race, gender, and sexuality pose for feminist thought, Hemmings embraces them, finding them to be helpful in formulating a new queer feminist praxis. Mining three overlapping archives—Goldman's own writings, her historical and theoretical legacy, and an imaginative archive that responds creatively to gaps in those archives —Hemmings shows (...)
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