Results for 'Kieron O'Hara'

183 found
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  1.  95
    Socio-Technical Computation.Markus Luczak-Roesch, Ramine Tinati, Kieron O'Hara & Nigel Shadbolt - 2015 - In Proceedings of the 18th ACM Conference Companion on Computer Supported Cooperative Work & Social Computing.
    Motivated by the significant amount of successful collaborative problem solving activity on the Web, we ask: Can the accumulated information propagation behavior on the Web be conceived as a giant machine, and reasoned about accordingly? In this paper we elaborate a thesis about the computational capability embodied in information sharing activities that happen on the Web, which we term socio-technical computation, reflecting not only explicitly conditional activities but also the organic potential residing in information on the Web.
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  2.  87
    3.3 Web Science and Reflective Practice.Kieron O'Hara & Wendy Hall - forthcoming - Common Knowledge: The Challenge of Transdisciplinarity.
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  3.  13
    The Technology of Collective Memory and the Normativity of Truth.Kieron O'Hara - unknown
    Neither our evolutionary past, nor our pre-literate culture, has prepared humanity for the use of technology to provide records of the past, records which in many context become normative for memory. The demand that memory be true, rather than useful or pleasurable, has changed our social and psychological under-standing of ourselves and our fellows. The current vogue for lifelogging, and the rapid proliferation of digital memory-supporting technologies, may accelerate this change, and create dilemmas for policymakers, designers and social thinkers.
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  4.  51
    Sceptical Overkill: On Two Recent Arguments Against Scepticism.Kieron O'Hara - 1993 - Mind 102 (406):315-327.
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  5.  50
    There is No Hard Problem of Consciousness.Kieron O'Hara & Tom Scutt - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (4):290-302.
    The paper attempts to establish the importance of addressing what Chalmers calls the ‘easy problems’ of consciousness, at the expense of the ‘hard problem’. One pragmatic argument and two philosophical arguments are presented to defend this approach to consciousness, and three major theories of consciousness are criticized in this light. Finally, it is shown that concentration on the easy problems does not lead to eliminativism with respect to consciousness.
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  6.  30
    Conservatism: Burke, Nozick, Bush, Blair?Kieron O'Hara - 2006 - Contemporary Political Theory 5 (3):354-358.
  7.  18
    Trust From the Enlightenment to the Digital Enlightenment.Kieron O'Hara - unknown
    A conceptual analysis of trust in terms of trustworthiness is set out, where trustworthiness is the property of an agent that she does what she claims she will do, and trust is an attitude taken by an agent to another, that the former believes that the latter is trustworthy. This analysis is then used to explore issues in the deployment of trustworthy digital systems online. The ideas of a series of philosophers from the Enlightenment – Hobbes, Burke, Rousseau, Hume, Smith (...)
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  8.  13
    Review of Gordon Graham'The Internet: A Philosophical Inquiry'. [REVIEW]Kieron O'Hara & Louise Crow - 2001 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (1):106-108.
  9.  10
    Avoiding Omnidoxasticity in Logics of Belief: A Reply to MacPherson.Kieron O'Hara, Han Reichgelt & Nigel Shadbolt - 1995 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 36 (3):475-495.
    In recent work MacPherson argues that the standard method of modeling belief logically, as a necessity operator in a modal logic, is doomed to fail. The problem with normal modal logics as logics of belief is that they treat believers as "ideal" in unrealistic ways (i.e., as omnidoxastic); however, similar problems re-emerge for candidate non-normal logics. The authors argue that logics used to model belief in artificial intelligence (AI) are also flawed in this way. But for AI systems, omnidoxasticity is (...)
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  10.  10
    Democracy and the Internet.Kieron O'Hara - 2000 - Ends and Means 4 (3).
  11.  13
    3,2,1 … We Have Cognition.Tom Scutt & Kieron O'hara - 1993 - Mind and Language 8 (4):559-568.
  12. Joseph Conrad Today.Kieron O'Hara - 2007 - Imprint Academic.
    This book argues that the novelist Joseph Conrad's work speaks directly to us in a way that none of his contemporaries can. Conrad’s scepticism, pessimism, emphasis on the importance and fragility of community, and the difficulties of escaping our history are important tools for understanding the political world in which we live. He is prepared to face a future where progress is not inevitable, where actions have unintended consequences, and where we cannot know the contexts in which we act. _Heart (...)
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  13. Mind as Machine Can Computational Processes Be Regarded as Explanatory of Mental Processes?Kieron O'hara - 1994
  14. Plato and the Internet.Kieron O'hara - 2002
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  15.  20
    Seá O'Donnell. William Rowan Hamilton: Portrait of a Prodigy. Dublin: Boole Press, 1984. Pp. Xvi + 224. ISBN 0-906783-06-2. IR £19.95, $24.95. - Desmond MacHale. George Boole: His Life and Work. Dublin: Boole Press, 1985. Pp. Xiii + 304. ISBN 0-906783-05-4. IR £19.95, $24.95. [REVIEW]Jim O'Hara - 1986 - British Journal for the History of Science 19 (3):360-361.
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  16.  23
    Mapping the Space of Time: Temporal Representation in the Historical Sciences.Robert J. O'Hara - 1996 - Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences 20: 7–17.
    William Whewell (1794–1866), polymathic Victorian scientist, philosopher, historian, and educator, was one of the great neologists of the nineteenth century. Although Whewell's name is little remembered today except by professional historians and philosophers of science, researchers in many scientific fields work each day in a world that Whewell named. "Miocene" and "Pliocene," "uniformitarian" and "catastrophist," "anode" and "cathode," even the word "scientist" itself—all of these were Whewell coinages. Whewell is particularly important to students of the historical sciences for another word (...)
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  17.  11
    Trees of History in Systematics, Historical Linguistics, and Stemmatics: A Working Interdisciplinary Bibliography.Robert J. O'Hara - 2006 - SSRN Electronic Journal 2540351.
    138 titles across a wide range of scholarly publications illustrate the conceptual affinities that connect the palaetiological sciences of biological systematics, historical linguistics, and stemmatics. These three fields all have as their central objective the reconstruction of evolutionary "trees of history" that depict phylogenetic patterns of descent with modification among species, languages, and manuscripts. All three fields flourished in the nineteenth century, underwent parallel periods of quiescence in the early twentieth century, and in recent decades have seen widespread parallel revivals. (...)
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  18. Thinking Through Art: Aesthetic Agency and Global Modernity.Daniel T. O'Hara & Alan Singer - 1998 - Duke University Press.
    In the eighteenth century the category of the aesthetic sought to bridge the gap between the prevalent dualities of Cartesian thought: art and science, history and science, prejudice and truth. This special issue of _boundary 2_ addresses current debates about the status of art in the context of global modernity. The range of arguments represented here cover a broad historical scope—from Cartesianism to present-day global modernity—of cultural discourse on the aesthetic to bring a focus to contemporary discussions of the corollary (...)
     
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  19.  10
    Joseph Conrad Today. By Kieron O'Hara.Patrick Madigan - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (6):1061-1061.
  20.  22
    Homage to Clio, or, Toward an Historical Philosophy for Evolutionary Biology.Robert J. O'Hara - 1988 - Systematic Zoology 37 (2): 142–155.
    Discussions of the theory and practice of systematics and evolutionary biology have heretofore revolved around the views of philosophers of science. I reexamine these issues from the different perspective of the philosophy of history. Just as philosophers of history distinguish between chronicle (non-interpretive or non-explanatory writing) and narrative history (interpretive or explanatory writing), I distinguish between evolutionary chronicle (cladograms, broadly construed) and narrative evolutionary history. Systematics is the discipline which estimates the evolutionary chronicle. ¶ Explanations of the events described in (...)
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  21.  19
    On Deconstruction: Theory and Criticism After StructuralismRoland Barthes.Dan O'Hara & Jonathan Culler - 1984 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 42 (3):323.
  22. Pragmatism as Transition: Historicity and Hope in James, Dewey, and Rorty.David O'Hara - 2011 - The Pluralist 6 (2):70-74.
    This book is an extended and provocative exercise in describing pragmatism’s past and in attempting to chart a course for its future. This description is not merely a history of philosophy or paean to American thought. It is rather a re-description that draws attention to a neglected and potentially fruitful theme in pragmatism, one that Koopman has termed “transitionalism” for its focus on historicity and temporality. One of the enduring features of pragmatism is its commitment to the revisability of truth (...)
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  23.  19
    Population Thinking and Tree Thinking in Systematics.Robert J. O'Hara - 1997 - Zoologica Scripta 26 (4): 323–329.
    Two new modes of thinking have spread through systematics in the twentieth century. Both have deep historical roots, but they have been widely accepted only during this century. Population thinking overtook the field in the early part of the century, culminating in the full development of population systematics in the 1930s and 1940s, and the subsequent growth of the entire field of population biology. Population thinking rejects the idea that each species has a natural type (as the earlier essentialist view (...)
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  24. Human Social Evolution: A Comparison of Hunter-Gatherer and Chimpanzee Social Organization.Robert Layton & Sean O'Hara - 2010 - In Social Brain, Distributed Mind. pp. 83.
    This chapter compares the social behaviour of human hunter-gatherers with that of the better-studied chimpanzee species, Pan troglodytes, in an attempt to pinpoint the unique features of human social evolution. Although hunter-gatherers and chimpanzees living in central Africa have similar body weights, humans live at much lower population densities due to their greater dependence on predation. Human foraging parties have longer duration than those of chimpanzees, lasting hours rather than minutes, and a higher level of mutual dependence, through the division (...)
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  25. How Neuroscience Might Advance the Law.Erin O'Hara - 2006 - In Semir Zeki & Oliver Goodenough (eds.), Law and the Brain. Oxford University Press.
  26.  6
    Parables of the Anonymous God in Nietzsche and Foucault.Daniel T. O'Hara - 2017 - Symploke 26 (1-2):427.
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  27. Telling the Tree: Narrative Representation and the Study of Evolutionary History.Robert J. O'Hara - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (2): 135–160.
    Accounts of the evolutionary past have as much in common with works of narrative history as they do with works of science. Awareness of the narrative character of evolutionary writing leads to the discovery of a host of fascinating and hitherto unrecognized problems in the representation of evolutionary history, problems associated with the writing of narrative. These problems include selective attention, narrative perspective, foregrounding and backgrounding, differential resolution, and the establishment of a canon of important events. The narrative aspects of (...)
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  28. Rotational Invariance and the Spin-Statistics Theorem.Paul O'Hara - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (9):1349-1368.
    In this article, the rotational invariance of entangled quantum states is investigated as a possible cause of the Pauli exclusion principle. First, it is shown that a certain class of rotationally invariant states can only occur in pairs. This is referred to as the coupling principle. This in turn suggests a natural classification of quantum systems into those containing coupled states and those that do not. Surprisingly, it would seem that Fermi–Dirac statistics follows as a consequence of this coupling while (...)
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  29. True Names: Vergil and the Alexandrian Tradition of Etymological Wordplay (Pamela R. Bleisch).J. J. O'Hara - 1998 - American Journal of Philology 119:300-303.
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  30.  20
    AENEID 12 - R. Tarrant Virgil: Aeneid Book XII. Pp. X + 363, Ills. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Paper, £19.99, US$36.99 . ISBN: 978-0-521-31363-6. [REVIEW]James O'hara - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (2):423-425.
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  31.  23
    Representations of the Natural System in the Nineteenth Century.Robert J. O'Hara - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (2): 255–274.
    "The Natural System" is the abstract notion of the order in living diversity. The richness and complexity of this notion is revealed by the diversity of representations of the Natural System drawn by ornithologists in the Nineteenth Century. These representations varied in overall form from stars, to circles, to maps, to evolutionary trees and cross-sections through trees. They differed in their depiction of affinity, analogy, continuity, directionality, symmetry, reticulation and branching, evolution, and morphological convergence and divergence. Some representations were two-dimensional, (...)
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  32.  22
    Trees of History in Systematics and Philology.Robert J. O'Hara - 1996 - Memorie Della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali E Del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 27 (1): 81–88.
    "The Natural System" is the name given to the underlying arrangement present in the diversity of life. Unlike a classification, which is made up of classes and members, a system or arrangement is an integrated whole made up of connected parts. In the pre-evolutionary period a variety of forms were proposed for the Natural System, including maps, circles, stars, and abstract multidimensional objects. The trees sketched by Darwin in the 1830s should probably be considered the first genuine evolutionary diagrams of (...)
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  33.  15
    Systematic Generalization, Historical Fate, and the Species Problem.Robert J. O'Hara - 1993 - Systematic Biology 42 (3): 231–246.
    The species problem is one of the oldest controversies in natural history. Its persistence suggests that it is something more than a problem of fact or definition. Considerable light is shed on the species problem when it is viewed as a problem in the representation of the natural system (sensu Griffiths, 1974, Acta Biotheor. 23: 85–131; de Queiroz, 1998, Philos. Sci. 55: 238–259). Just as maps are representations of the earth, and are subject to what is called cartographic generalization, so (...)
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  34.  27
    Twentieth Century Interpretations of Molloy, Malone Dies, the UnnamableJohn Singer Sargent, Paintings-Drawings-WatercolorsThe Oxford Companion to ArtColeridge and Wordsworth. The Poetry of Growth.Robert D. Hume, J. D. O'Hara, R. Ormond, Harold Osborne & Stephen Prickett - 1971 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 29 (3):428.
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  35.  30
    The Art of Reading as a Way of Life: On Nietzsche's Truth.Daniel T. O'Hara - 2009 - Northwestern University Press.
    The art of reading as a way of life: an introduction to Nietzsche's truth -- Experiments in creative reading: the Cambridge Nietzsche -- Nietzsche's passion in The gay science: an experiment in creative reading -- Nietzsche's book for all and none: the singularity of Thus spoke Zarathustra -- Ecce homo: Nietzsche's two natures -- Nietzsche's critical vortex: on the global tragedy of theoretical man.
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  36.  11
    Diagrammatic Classifications of Birds, 1819–1901: Views of the Natural System in 19th-Century British Ornithology.Robert J. O'Hara - 1988 - Acta XIX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici: pp. 2746–2759.
    Classifications of animals and plants have long been represented by hierarchical lists of taxa, but occasional authors have drawn diagrammatic versions of their classifications in an attempt to better depict the "natural relationships" of their organisms. Ornithologists in 19th-century Britain produced and pioneered many types of classificatory diagrams, and these fall into three groups: (a) the quinarian systems of Vigors and Swainson (1820s and 1830s); (b) the "maps" of Strickland and Wallace (1840s and 1850s); and (c) the evolutionary diagrams of (...)
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  37.  2
    The Phantasms of Lionel Trilling.Daniel O'Hara - 2019 - Symploke 27 (1-2):361.
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  38.  70
    Peirce, Plato and Miracles: On the Mature Peirce's Re-Discovery of Plato and the Overcoming of Nominalistic Prejudice in History.David L. O'Hara - 2008 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (1):pp. 26-39.
    Twenty-three years ago Robert Ayers noticed several brief and intriguing comments on miracles in the Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce. Working with just those scraps of information from the CP, he stitched together a rough but helpful starting point for understanding this aspect of Peirce's religious and scientific thought. In the last few years several more articles on this subject have been written, each filling in a gap left by the others: Ayers' is a theological view, based solely on (...)
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  39.  1
    Introduction.Daniel O'Hara - 2019 - Symploke 27 (1-2):309.
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  40.  1
    The Privileged Moment in Bloom: Possessed By Memory: The Inward Light of Criticism.Daniel O'Hara - 2019 - Symploke 27 (1-2):337.
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  41.  28
    G. K. Chesterton and the Environmental Ethic.Frank O'Hara - 1990 - The Chesterton Review 16 (3/4):239-243.
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  42.  8
    Lionel Trilling: The Work of Liberation.Daniel T. O'Hara - 1990 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 48 (1):103.
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  43.  4
    Evolutionary History and the Species Problem.Robert J. O'Hara - 1994 - American Zoologist 34 (1): 12–22.
    In the last thirty years systematics has transformed itself from a discipline concerned with classification into a discipline concerned with reconstructing the evolutionary history of life. This transformation has been driven by cladistic analysis, a set of techniques for reconstructing evolutionary trees. Long interested in the large-scale structure of evolutionary history, cladistically oriented systematists have recently begun to apply "tree thinking" to problems near the species level. ¶ In any local ("non-dimensional") situation species are usually well-defined, but across space and (...)
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  44.  23
    Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality, by David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls.David O'Hara - 2013 - Faith and Philosophy 30 (2):225-228.
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  45.  17
    John F. Kennedy on Education.John F. Kennedy & William T. O'hara - 1966 - British Journal of Educational Studies 14 (3):105-106.
  46.  1
    Gauß‘ Method for Measuring the Terrestrial Magnetic Force in Absolute Measure: Its Invention and Introduction in Geomagnetic Research.James G. O'Hara - 1984 - Centaurus 27 (2):121-147.
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  47.  20
    Making Their Presence Known: Tv's Ghost-Hunter Phenomenon in a "Post-" World.Jessica O'Hara - 2010 - In Thomas Richard Fahy (ed.), The Philosophy of Horror. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 72.
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  48.  18
    Vergil's Aeneid and the Roman Self: Subject and Nation in Literary Discourse (Review).James J. O'Hara - 2006 - American Journal of Philology 127 (2):317-320.
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  49.  15
    Narrative in the Historical Sciences: A Working Interdisciplinary Bibliography.Robert J. O'Hara - 1998 - SSRN Electronic Journal 2542010.
    Models of scientific explanation derived from the physical sciences are often poorly suited to the historical sciences—to the fields William Whewell called the palaetiological sciences. A listing of 27 titles that explore the nature of narrative understanding across a range of scientific disciplines—from cosmology to paleontology to economics—attests to the importance of narrative epistemology in the sciences.
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  50.  17
    Revisionary Madness: The Prospects of American Literary Theory at the Present Time.Daniel T. O'Hara - 1983 - Critical Inquiry 9 (4):726-742.
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