Results for 'Arne D. Ekstrom'

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  1.  11
    The Spectro-Contextual Encoding and Retrieval Theory of Episodic Memory.Andrew J. Watrous & Arne D. Ekstrom - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  2.  5
    Perspective: Assessing the Flexible Acquisition, Integration, and Deployment of Human Spatial Representations and Information.Michael J. Starrett & Arne D. Ekstrom - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  3.  15
    Dynamic Neural Network Reconfiguration During the Generation and Reinstatement of Mnemonic Representations.Aiden E. G. F. Arnold, Arne D. Ekstrom & Giuseppe Iaria - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  4.  8
    A Graph Theory Approach to Human Episodic Memory: Outlining the Spectrotemporal Basis of Episodic Memory Retrieval.Ekstrom Arne - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  5. Neural Systems Supporting Interoceptive Awareness.Hugo D. Critchley, Stefan Wiens, Pia Rotshtein, Arne Öhman & Raymond J. Dolan - 2004 - Nature Neuroscience 7 (2):189-195.
  6.  46
    Arne Naess on Deep Ecology and Ethics.D. W. Lauer - 2002 - Journal of Value Inquiry 36 (1):111-117.
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  7.  21
    Freedom, Emotion, and Self-Subsistence.Arne Naess - 1969 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 12 (1-4):66 – 104.
    A set of basic static predicates, ?in itself, ?existing through itself, ?free?, and others are taken to be (at least) extensionally equivalent, and some consequences are drawn in Parts A and ? of the paper. Part C introduces adequate causation and adequate conceiving as extensionally equivalent. The dynamism or activism of Spinoza is reflected in the reconstruction by equating action with causing, passion (passive emotion) with being caused. The relation between conceiving (understanding) and causing is narrowed down by introducing grasping (...)
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  8.  21
    Neurath’s Congestions, Depth of Intention, and Precization: Arne Naess and His Viennese Heritage.Jan Radler - 2013 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (1):59-90.
    In recent years, a significant amount of research has investigated the Vienna Circle’s ramifications. Otto Neurath has received much attention as one of the most prominent and energetic adherents, but less conspicuous philosophers now find themselves at the center of historical research. This article’s aim is to investigate Arne Naess’s connection to Logical Empiricism. Two crucial influences on Naess’s work are identified: Otto Neurath and the psychologist Egon Brunswik. This article’s most significant contributions are that, from the perspective of (...)
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  9. Supralapsarianism, or 'O Felix Culpa'.Alvin Plantinga - 2004 - In Peter van Inwagen (ed.), Christian Faith and the Problem of Evil. Eerdmanns. pp. 1-25.
    The problem of evil has challenged religious minds and hearts throughout the ages. Just how can the presence of suffering, tragedy, and wrongdoing be squared with the all-powerful, all-loving God of faith? This book gathers some of the best, most meaningful recent reflections on the problem of evil, with contributions by shrewd thinkers in the areas of philosophy, theology, literature, linguistics, and sociology. In addition to bringing new insights to the old problem of evil, Christian Faith and the Problem of (...)
     
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  10. Free Will: A Philosophical Study.Laura W. Ekstrom - 1999 - Westview.
    In this comprehensive new study of human free agency, Laura Waddell Ekstrom critically surveys contemporary philosophical literature and provides a novel account of the conditions for free action. Ekstrom argues that incompatibilism concerning free will and causal determinism is true and thus the right account of the nature of free action must be indeterminist in nature. She examines a variety of libertarian approaches, ultimately defending an account relying on indeterministic causation among events and appealing to agent causation only (...)
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  11. Effortless Attention: A New Perspective in the Cognitive Science of Attention and Action.Brian Bruya (ed.) - 2010 - MIT Press.
    This is the first book to explore the cognitive science of effortless attention and action. Attention and action are generally understood to require effort, and the expectation is that under normal circumstances effort increases to meet rising demand. Sometimes, however, attention and action seem to flow effortlessly despite high demand. Effortless attention and action have been documented across a range of normal activities--from rock climbing to chess playing--and yet fundamental questions about the cognitive science of effortlessness have gone largely unasked. (...)
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  12.  23
    The Theory and Practice of Autonomy.Laura Waddell Ekstrom - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (4):616.
  13. Toward a Plausible Event-Causal Indeterminist Account of Free Will.Laura Ekstrom - 2019 - Synthese 196 (1):127-144.
    For those who maintain that free will is incompatible with causal determinism, a persistent problem is to give a coherent characterization of action that is neither determined by prior events nor random, arbitrary, lucky or in some way insufficiently under the control of the agent to count as free action. One approach—that of Roderick Chisholm and others—is to say that a third alternative is for an action to be caused by an agent in a way that is not reducible to (...)
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  14. Free Will, Chance, and Mystery.Laura W. Ekstrom - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 113 (2):153-80.
    This paper proposes a reconciliation between libertarian freedomand causal indeterminism, without relying on agent-causation asa primitive notion. I closely examine Peter van Inwagen''s recentcase for free will mysterianism, which is based in part on thewidespread worry that undetermined acts are too chancy to befree. I distinguish three senses of the term chance I thenargue that van Inwagen''s case for free will mystrianism fails,since there is no single construal of the term change on whichall of the premises of his argument for (...)
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  15. Libertarianism and Frankfurt-Style Cases.Laura W. Ekstrom - 2002 - In Robert Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will, 1st edition. Oxford University Press.
  16.  94
    A Coherence Theory of Autonomy.Laura Waddell Ekstrom - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):599-616.
    This paper presents a conception of the self partially in terms of a particular notion of preference. It develops a coherentist account of when one's preferences are "authorized", or sanctioned as one's own, and presents a coherence theory of autonomous action. The view presented solves certain problems with hierarchical accounts of freedom, such as Harry Frankfurt's.
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  17. Autonomy and Personal Integration.Laura Waddell Ekstrom - 2005 - In J. Stacey Taylor (ed.), Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and its Role in Contemporary Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  18.  7
    Free Will, Chance, and Mystery.L. Ekstrom - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 113 (2):153-180.
    This paper proposes a reconciliation between libertarian freedom and causal indeterminism, without relying on agent-causation as a primitive notion. I closely examine Peter van Inwagen's recent case for free will mysterianism, which is based in part on the widespread worry that undetermined acts are too chancy to be free. I distinguish three senses of the term 'chance.' I then argue that van Inwagen's case for free will mystrianism fails, since there is no single construal of the term 'change' on which (...)
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  19. Agency and Responsibility: Essays on the Metaphysics of Freedom.Laura W. Ekstrom (ed.) - 2001 - Westview.
    A companion volume to Free Will: A Philosophical Study, this new anthology collects influential essays on free will, including both well-known contemporary classics and exciting recent work. Agency and Responsibility: Essays on the Metaphysics of Freedom is divided into three parts. The essays in the first section address metaphysical issues concerning free will and causal determinism. The second section groups papers presenting a positive account of the nature of free action, including competing compatibilist and incompatibilist analyses. The third section concerns (...)
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  20. Ambivalence and Authentic Agency.Laura W. Ekstrom - 2010 - Ratio 23 (4):374-392.
    It is common to believe that some of our concerns are deeper concerns of ours than are others and that some of our attitudes are central rather than peripheral to our psychological identity. What is the best approach to characterizing depth or centrality to the self? This paper addresses the matter of the depth and authenticity of attitudes and the relation of this matter to the autonomy of action. It defends a conception of the real self in terms of preferences (...)
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  21. Alienation, Autonomy, and the Self.Laura Waddell Ekstrom - 2005 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 29 (1):45–67.
  22.  7
    A Coherence Theory of Autonomy.Laura Waddell Ekstrom - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):599-616.
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  23. Perception, Empathy, and Judgment: An Inquiry Into the Preconditions of Moral Performance.Arne Johan Vetlesen - 1993 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    _In Perception, Empathy, and Judgment_ Arne Johan Vetlesen focuses on the indispensable role of emotion, especially the faculty of empathy, in morality. He contends that moral conduct is severely threatened once empathy is prevented from taking part in an interplay with cognitive faculties in acts of moral perception and judgment. Drawing on developmental psychology, especially British "object relations" theory, to illuminate the nature and functioning of empathy, Vetlesen shows how moral performance is constituted by a sequence involving perception, judgment, (...)
     
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  24.  61
    Liars, Medicine, and Compassion.L. W. Ekstrom - 2012 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (2):159-180.
    This paper defends an account of compassion and argues for the centrality of compassion to the proper practice of medicine. The argument proceeds by showing that failures of compassion can lead to poor medical treatment and disastrous outcomes. Several case studies are discussed, exemplifying the difference between compassionate and noncompassionate responses to patients seeking help. Arguments are offered in support of approaching reports of persistent pain with a trusting attitude, rather than distrust or skepticism. The article concludes by suggesting educational (...)
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  25. The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement. A Summary.Arne Naess - 1973 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 16 (1-4):95 – 100.
    Ecologically responsible policies are concerned only in part with pollution and resource depletion. There are deeper concerns which touch upon principles of diversity, complexity, autonomy, decentralization, symbiosis, egalitarianism, and classlessness.
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  26.  27
    Du modèle cartésien au modèle spinoziste de l’être vivant.François Duchesneau - 1974 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 3 (4):539 - 562.
    Les considérations physiologiques sont étrangères, en tant que telles, au projet de l'Ethique, et sans doute, à l'ensemble des préoccupations philosophiques de Spinoza. Au début de Ia seconde partie de l'Ethique, Spinoza précise clairement: “j'expliquerai seulement ce qui peut nous conduire comme par la main à la connaissance de l’ Arne humaine et de sa béatitude suprême”. Pourtant, le livre ne laisse pas de contenir une révision intéressante du modèle mécaniste que Descartes appliquait à l'explication du corps humain; il (...)
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  27.  34
    Protecting Incompatibilist Freedom.Laura Waddell Ekstrom - 1998 - American Philosophical Quarterly 35 (3):281-291.
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  28.  41
    Fears, Phobias and Preparedness: Toward an Evolved Module of Fear and Fear Learning.Arne Öhman & Susan Mineka - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (3):483-522.
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  29.  41
    Emotion Drives Attention: Detecting the Snake in the Grass.Arne Öhman, Anders Flykt & Francisco Esteves - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (3):466.
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  30.  46
    The Shallow and the Deep, Lono-Ranoe Eooloov Movement.Arne Naess - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics.
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  31.  54
    The Mind Beyond Our Immediate Awareness: Freudian, Jungian, and Cognitive Models of the Unconscious.Soren R. Ekstrom - 2004 - Journal of Analytical Psychology 49 (5):657-682.
  32. Experience-Dependent Structural Plasticity in the Adult Human Brain.Arne May - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (10):475-482.
    Contrary to assumptions that changes in brain networks are possible only during crucial periods of development, research in the past decade has supported the idea of a permanently plastic brain. Novel experience, altered afferent input due to environmental changes and learning new skills are now recognized as modulators of brain function and underlying neuroanatomic circuitry. Given findings in experiments with animals and the recent discovery of increases in gray and white matter in the adult human brain as a result of (...)
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  33. Is It Painful to Think? Conversations with Arne Næss.David Rothenberg & Arne Næss - 1993
  34. Freedom, Causation, and the Consequence Argument.Laura Waddell Ekstrom - 1998 - Synthese 115 (3):333-354.
    The problem of analyzing causation and the problem of incompatibilism versus compatibilism are largely distinct. Yet, this paper will show that there are some theories of causation that a compatibilist should not endorse: namely, counterfactual theories, specifically the one developed by David Lewis and a newer, amended version of his account. Endorsing either of those accounts of causation undercuts the main compatibilist reply to a powerful argument for incompatibilism. Conversely, the argument of this paper has the following message for incompatibilists: (...)
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  35.  1
    Announced Refusal to Answer: A Study of Norms and Accountability in Broadcast Political Interviews.Mats Ekström - 2009 - Discourse Studies 11 (6):681-702.
    This article investigates the announced refusal to answer as a form of dispreferred and challenging response in broadcast political interviews. The aim is to study how the rightness and wrongness of conduct is dealt with in situations of announced refusal. More specifically, the paper focuses on: announced refusal as a particular type of conduct; the orientation to norms and accountability in situations of announced refusal; how the legitimacy of politics and journalism is negotiated in broadcast interviews. The data consist of (...)
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  36.  37
    Evil and Human Agency: Understanding Collective Evildoing.Arne Johan Vetlesen - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    Evil is a poorly understood phenomenon. In this provocative 2005 book, Professor Vetlesen argues that to do evil is to intentionally inflict pain on another human being, against his or her will, and causing serious and foreseeable harm. Vetlesen investigates why and in what sort of circumstances such a desire arises, and how it is channeled, or exploited, into collective evildoing. He argues that such evildoing, pitting whole groups against each other, springs from a combination of character, situation, and social (...)
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  37.  29
    Instruction-in-Interaction: The Teaching and Learning of a Manual Skill. [REVIEW]Oskar Lindwall & Anna Ekström - 2012 - Human Studies 35 (1):27-49.
    This study takes an interest in instructions and instructed actions in the context of manual skills. The analysis focuses on a video recorded episode where a teacher demonstrates how to crochet chain stitches, requests a group of students to reproduce her actions, and then repeatedly corrects the attempts of one of the students. The initial request, and the students’ responses to it, could be seen as preliminary to the series of corrective sequences that come next: the request and the following (...)
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  38.  37
    Keystone Preferences and AutonomySelf-Trust: A Study of Reason, Knowledge and Autonomy.Laura Waddell Ekstrom & Keith Lehrer - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (4):1057.
  39. The Deep Ecological Movement: Some Philosophical Aspects.Arne Naess - 1986 - Philosophical Inquiry 8 (1/2):10-31.
  40. In Sceptical Wonder Inquiries Into the Philosophy of Arne Naess on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday.Arne Næs, Ingemund Gullvåg & Jon Wetlesen - 1982
     
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  41. Philosophical Dialogues: Arne Naess and the Progress of Philosophy.Peder Anker, Per Ariansen, Alfred J. Ayer, Murray Bookchin, Baird Callicott, John Clark, Bill Devall, Fons Elders, Paul Feyerabend, Warwick Fox, William C. French, Harold Glasser, Ramachandra Guha, Patsy Hallen, Stephan Harding, Andrew Mclaughlin, Ivar Mysterud, Arne Naess, Bryan Norton, Val Plumwood, Peter Reed, Kirkpatrick Sale, Ariel Salleh, Karen Warren, Richard A. Watson, Jon Wetlesen & Michael E. Zimmerman - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The volume documents, and makes an original contribution to, an astonishing period in twentieth-century philosophy—the progress of Arne Naess's ecophilosophy from its inception to the present. It includes Naess's most crucial polemics with leading thinkers, drawn from sources as diverse as scholarly articles, correspondence, TV interviews and unpublished exchanges. The book testifies to the skeptical and self-correcting aspects of Naess's vision, which has deepened and broadened to include third world and feminist perspectives. Philosophical Dialogues is an essential addition to (...)
     
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  42. A Defence of the Deep Ecology Movement.Arne Naess - 1984 - Environmental Ethics 6 (3):265-270.
    There is an international deep ecology social movement with key terms, slogans, and rhetorical use of language comparable to what we find in other activist “alternative” movements today. Some supporters of the movement partake in academic philosophy and have developed or at least suggested philosophies, “ecosophies,” inspired by the movement. R. A. Watson does not distinguish sufficiently between the movement and the philosophical expressions with academic pretensions. As a result, he falsely concludes that deep ecology implies setting man apart from (...)
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  43.  14
    The Premise of Equipotentiality in Human Classical Conditioning: Conditioned Electrodermal Responses to Potentially Phobic Stimuli.Arne Ohman, Mats Fredrikson, Kenneth Hugdahl & Per-Arne Rimmo - 1976 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 105 (4):313-337.
  44.  25
    Arne Naess and Empirical Semantics.Siobhan Chapman - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (1):18-30.
    ABSTRACT This article focuses on Arne Naess's work in the philosophy of language, which he began in the mid-1930s and continued into the 1960s. This aspect of his work is nowadays relatively neglected, but it deserves to be revisited. Firstly, it is intrinsically interesting to the history of analytic philosophy in the twentieth century, because Naess questioned some of the established philosophical methodologies and assumptions of his day. Secondly, it suggests a compelling but unacknowledged intellectual pedigree for some recent (...)
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  45.  14
    Arne Naess — Dogmas and Problems of Empiricism.Friedrich Stadler - 2010 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 14:11-31.
    Arne Dekke Eide Naess was born on January 27, 1912 in Oslo. After a long and successful life he passed away on January 12, 2009 in Oslo as the most renowned Norwegian philosopher, where he was honoured with a state funeral. He was one of the most important public figures in Norway and in his later years became known all over the world as a pioneer of the ecological movement. Given this publicity in recent decades his earlier life was (...)
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  46.  25
    Ethical Products = Less Strong: How Explicit and Implicit Reliance on the Lay Theory Affects Consumption Behaviors.Arne Buhs, Wassili Lasarov, Stefan Hoffmann & Robert Mai - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (3):659-677.
    Many consumers implicitly associate sustainability with lower product strength. This so-called ethical = less strong intuition poses a major threat for the success of sustainable products. This article explores this pervasive lay theory and examines whether it is a key barrier for sustainable consumption patterns. Even more importantly, little is known about the underlying mechanisms that might operate differently at the implicit and explicit levels of the consumer’s decision-making. To fill this gap, three studies examine how the implicit judgments that (...)
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  47. Neurocognitive Mechanisms Underlying the Experience of Flow.Arne Dietrich - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):746-761.
    Recent theoretical and empirical work in cognitive science and neuroscience is brought into contact with the concept of the flow experience. After a brief exposition of brain function, the explicit–implicit distinction is applied to the effortless information processing that is so characteristic of the flow state. The explicit system is associated with the higher cognitive functions of the frontal lobe and medial temporal lobe structures and has evolved to increase cognitive flexibility. In contrast, the implicit system is associated with the (...)
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  48.  9
    Emotional Conditioning to Masked Stimuli: Expectancies for Aversive Outcomes Following Nonrecognized Fear-Relevant Stimuli.Arne Öhman & Joaquim J. F. Soares - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (1):69-82.
  49.  69
    Unconscious Emotion: Evolutionary Perspectives, Psychophysiological Data and Neuropsychological Mechanisms.Arne Öhman, Anders Flykt & Daniel Lundqvist - 2000 - In Richard D. R. Lane, L. Nadel & G. L. Ahern (eds.), Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion. Series in Affective Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 296-327.
  50.  14
    The Pluralist and Possibilist Aspect of the Scientific Enterprise.Arne Naess - 1972 - Universitetsforlaget.
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