Results for 'Gezinus Wolters'

168 found
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  1.  11
    ViSA: A Neurodynamic Model for Visuo-Spatial Working Memory, Attentional Blink, and Conscious Access.Luca Simione, Antonino Raffone, Gezinus Wolters, Paola Salmas, Chie Nakatani, Marta Olivetti Belardinelli & Cees van Leeuwen - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (4):745-769.
  2. Binding in Working Memory and Long-Term Memory: Towards an Integrated Model.Jaap Mj Murre, Gezinus Wolters & Antonino Raffone - 2006 - In Hubert Zimmer, Axel Mecklinger & Ulman Lindenberger (eds.), Handbook of Binding and Memory: Perspectives From Cognitive Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
     
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  3.  27
    NMDA Synapses Can Bias Competition Between Object Representations and Mediate Attentional Selection.Antonino Raffone, Jaap M. J. Murre & Gezinus Wolters - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):100-101.
    Phillips & Silverstein emphasize the gain-control properties of NMDA synapses in cognitive coordination. We endorse their view and suggest that NMDA synapses play a crucial role in biased attentional competition and (visual) working memory. Our simulations show that NMDA synapses can control the storage rate of visual objects. We discuss specific predictions of our model about cognitive effects of NMDA-antagonists and schizophrenia.
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  4.  20
    Marr Versus Marr: On the Notion of Levels.Frank van der Velde, Gezinus Wolters & A. H. C. van der Heijden - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):681-682.
  5.  36
    Contrasts and Dissociations Suggest Qualitative Differences Between Conscious and Unconscious Processes.Gezinus Wolters & R. Hans Phaf - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):359-360.
    The authors reject a computationally powerful unconscious. Instead, they suggest that simple unconscious processes give rise to complex conscious representations. We discuss evidence showing contrastive effects of conscious and unconscious processes, suggesting a distinction between these types of processes. In our view, conscious processes often serve to correct or control negative consequences of relatively simple unconscious processes.
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  6.  13
    "ViSA: A Neurodynamic Model for Visuo-Spatial Working Memory, Attentional Blink, and Conscious Access": Correction to Simione Et Al.Luca Simione, Antonino Raffone, Gezinus Wolters, Paola Salmas, Chie Nakatani, Marta Olivetti Belardinelli & Cees van Leeuwen - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (4):769-769.
  7.  16
    How Are Events Represented?Gezinus Wolters & Antonino Raffone - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):908-909.
    We note two important problems in the Theory of Event Coding. First, because the representational format of features and events is unspecified, the theory is difficult to test. Second, the theory lacks a mechanism for the integration of features into an event code when the features are shared by different events. Possible ways of solving these problems are suggested.
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  8.  13
    Constructing Consciousness.Gezinus Wolters & R. Hans Phaf - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):174-174.
    O'Brien & Opie make unnecessary distinctions between vehicle and process theories and neglect empirically based distinctions between conscious and unconscious processing. We argue that phenomenal experience emerges, not just as a byproduct of input-driven parallel distributed processing, but as a result of constructive processing in recurrent neural networks. Stable network states may be necessary, but are not sufficient, for consciousness.
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  9. A Competitive Manifesto.R. Hans Phaf & Gezinus Wolters - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):487-488.
    The distinction made by Page between localist and distributed representations seems confounded by the distinction between competitive and associative learning. His manifesto can also be read as a plea for competitive learning. The power of competitive models can even be extended further, by simulating similarity effects in forced-choice perceptual identification (Ratcliff & McKoon 1997) that have defied explanation by most memory models.
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  10.  34
    Eri Yagi, Tetsu Tsuji, Jan Wolters, Katherina Comoth, Lorenzo Peña.Eri Yagi, Tetsu Tsuji, Jan Wolters, Katherina Comoth & Lorenzo Peña - 1988 - Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 5:617-617.
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  11. Race and Education, 1954-2007.Raymond Wolters - 2009 - University of Missouri.
    With the Supreme Court’s landmark _Brown_ decisions of 1954 and 1955, American education changed forever. But _Brown_ was just the beginning, and Raymond Wolters contends that its best intentions have been taken to unnecessary extremes. In this compelling study, a scholar who has long observed the traumas of school desegregation uncovers the changes and difficulties with which public education has dealt over the last fifty years—and argues that some judicial decisions were ill-advised. Dealing candidly with matters usually considered taboo (...)
     
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  12.  22
    Globalized Parochialism: Consequences of English as Lingua Franca in Philosophy of Science.Gereon Wolters - 2015 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (2):189-200.
    In recent decades, English has become the uncontestable lingua franca of philosophy of science and of most other areas of philosophy and of the humanities. To have a lingua franca produces enormous benefits for the entire scientific community. The price for those benefits, however, is paid almost exclusively by non-native speakers of English. Section 1 identifies three asymmetries that individual NoNES researchers encounter: ‘publication asymmetry’, ‘resources asymmetry’, and ‘team asymmetry’. Section 2 deals with ‘globalized parochialism asymmetry’: thanks to English being (...)
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  13. Der "Fuehrer" und seine Denker. Zur Philosophie des "Dritten Reichs".Gereon Wolters - 1999 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 47 (2):223-252.
    Das Thema dieser Überlegungen ist die deutsche Philosophie und sind deutsche Philoso­phen im Nationalsozialismus. (Für unsere politisch korrekten Ohrenspitzer(innen): es war keine Frau dabei.)1 Vorweg sei gesagt, verbrecherische Schurken finden wir unter ihnen nicht, anders als bei z. B. Juristen und Medizinern. ,,Auschwitz" wurde nicht von Philoso­phen betrieben. Die Praxisferne der Philosophie hat manchmal eben auch Vorteile. Teil I beschäftigt sich mit Philosophie und Philosophen im „Dritten Reich" im allgemei­nen. Teil II stellt eine Fallstudie (Oskar Becker) vor, während der dritte (...)
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  14. Gentechnik: ethische und andere Probleme.Gereon Wolters - 1991 - Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 2 (4):626.
    This paper discusses ethical problems of genetic engineering.
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  15.  11
    Actor and Institutional Dynamics in the Development of Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives.Anica Zeyen, Markus Beckmann & Stella Wolters - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 135 (2):341-360.
    As forms of private self-regulation, multi-stakeholder initiatives have emerged as an important empirical phenomenon in global governance processes. At the same time, MSIs are also theoretically intriguing because of their inherent double nature. On the one hand, MSIs spell out CSR standards that define norms for corporate behavior. On the other hand, MSIs are also the result of corporate and stakeholder behavior. We combine the perspectives of institutional theory and club theory to conceptualize this double nature of MSIs. Based on (...)
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  16.  51
    Science, Values, and Objectivity.Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.) - 2004 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Few people, if any, still argue that science in all its aspects is a value-free endeavor. At the very least, values affect decisions about the choice of research problems to investigate and the uses to which the results of research are applied. But what about the actual doing of science? -/- As Science, Values, and Objectivity reveals, the connections and interactions between values and science are quite complex. The essays in this volume identify the crucial values that play a role (...)
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  17. How Do Dutch General Practitioners Diagnose Children's Urinary Tract Infections?Mirjam Harmsen, René J. Wolters, Johannes C. van der Wouden, Richard P. T. M. Grol & Michel Wensing - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (3):464-467.
  18. A Constructivist and Connectionist View on Conscious and Nonconscious Processes.R. H. Phaf & G. Wolters - 1997 - Philosophical Psychology 10 (3):287-307.
    Recent experimental findings reveal dissociations of conscious and nonconscious performance in many fields of psychological research, suggesting that conscious and nonconscious effects result from qualitatively different processes. A connectionist view of these processes is put forward in which consciousness is the consequence of construction processes taking place in three types of working memory in a specific type of recurrent neural network. The recurrences arise by feeding back output to the input of a central (representational) network. They are assumed to be (...)
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  19.  48
    Ernst Mach and the Theory of Relativity.Gereon Wolters - 1984 - Philosophia Naturalis 21 (2/4):630-341.
    This article shows that those texts, attributed to Ernst Mach, that reject relativity theory are posthumous forgeries.
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  20. Is There a European Philosophy Science?: A Wake-Up Call.Gereon Wolters - 2014 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 17:277-293.
    The short answer to this question is a firm and unambiguous “yes and no”. The long answer will take the whole talk. Indeed, it could easily take an entire book. It is therefore unavoidable to take recourse here and there to simplifying shortcuts and polemical exaggerations, in order to get the message clear.
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  21.  4
    Samuel Scheffler, Why Worry About Future Generations? (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018), Pp. Viii + 146.Tim Meijers & Angelieke L. Wolters - forthcoming - Utilitas:1-4.
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  22. Hugo Dingler.Gereon Wolters - 1988 - Science in Context 2 (2):359-367, 406-408.
    This is an introduction to the English translation of Hogo Dingler's (1881-1954) grounsbreaking paper "Methodik statt Erkenntnistheorie und Wissenschaftslehre". Dingler is the founder of operationalism in physics and relatively little know in the Anglophone world.
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  23. Religiöse Ahnungen Unter Aufklärungsdruck.Gereon Wolters - 2010 - In Guido Kreis & Joachim Bromand (eds.), Was Sich Nicht Sagen Lässt: Das Nicht-Begriffliche in Wissenschaft, Kunst Und Religion. Berlin: Akademie Verlag. pp. 661-670.
    This paper deals with the fate of religious intuitions in enlightenment contexts.
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  24.  26
    Mesmer in a Mountain Bar: Anthropological Difference, Butts, and Mesmerism in An Intimate Relation. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science.G. Wolters - 1989 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 116:259-282.
    This article gives an overview of Mesmer's theory.
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  25. Logic, Language, and the Structure of Scientific Theories.Wesley C. Salmon & Gereon Wolters (eds.) - 1994 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    This volume honors and examines the founders of the philosophy of logical empiricism. Historical and interpretive essays clarify the scientific philosophies of Carnap, Reichenbach, Hempel, Kant, and others, while exploring the main topics of logical empiricist philosophy of science.
     
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  26.  99
    Una modernizzazione incompiuta: il programma di unificazione della scienza.Gereon Wolters - 1992 - Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 10 (3/4):90-98.
    The paper shows how logical empiricism aims at a modernization of philosophy.
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  27.  3
    The Effect of User Psychology on the Content of Social Media Posts: Originality and Transitions Matter.Lucia Lushi Chen, Walid Magdy & Maria K. Wolters - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  28.  88
    Ridurre il riduzionismo genetico.Gereon Wolters - 2008 - Humana Mente 2 (6).
    n this article the author develops a critique of reductionism in biological sciences from three different points of view. The first is related to the problem of reduction in the context of scientific theories. More specifically, reduction deals with a special form of intertheoretic relationship between molecular biology and the rest of biology. The second meaning of reductionism has to do with the significance of its genetic outfit for the ontogeny of an organism, i.e. its development from zygote to its (...)
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  29.  33
    Hans Jonas’ Philosophical Biology.Gereon Wolters - 2001 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 23 (1):85-98.
    Jonas' philosophical biology is an attempt to overcome the dualism, i.e., the alienation between man and world, which characterizes both Gnostic thinking and the Heiddegerian exis­tentialist approach that Jonas had applied in its interpretation. This dualism leads both approaches to despise or, at least, to neglect nature.Jonas' philosophical biology is intended to provide an insight into the phe­nomenon of life that is more than a mere reflection of scientific episte­mology. Rather, it regards itself as a cognitively significant approach towards the (...)
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  30. Concepts, Theories, and Rationality in the Biological Sciences.Gereon Wolters & James G. Lennox (eds.) - 1995 - Pittsburgh P.A./Konstanz, Germany: University of Pittsburgh Press/Universitätsverlag Konstanz.
    Leading biologists and philosophers of biology discuss the basic theories and concepts of biology and their connections with ethics, economics, and psychology, providing a remarkably unified report on the “state of the art” in the philosophy of biology.
     
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  31.  6
    Inquiring Into Space-Time, the Human Mind, and Religion: The Life and Work of Adolf Grünbaum.Martin Carrier & Gereon Wolters - 2019 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 50 (4):409-427.
    Grünbaum's three chief fields of research were space-time philosophy, the methodological credentials of psychoanalysis, and reasons given in favor of the existence of God. Grünbaum defended the so-called conventionality thesis of physical geometry. He partially followed Hans Reichenbach in this respect but developed a new ontological argument for the conventionality claim in addition. In addressing the physical basis of the direction of time, Grünbaum advocated that there is a physical basis for the distinction between the past and the future, but (...)
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  32. Logic, Language, and the Structure of Scientific Theories.W. Salmon & G. Wolters - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (4):617-620.
     
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  33.  51
    The Epistemological Roots of Ecclesiastical Claims to Knowledge.Gereon Wolters - 2009 - Axiomathes 19 (4):481-508.
    In theoretical matters, ecclesiastical claims to knowledge have lead to various conflicts with science. Claims in orientational matters, sometimes connected to attempts to establish them as a rule for legislation, have often been in conflict with the justified claims of non-believers. In addition they violate the Principle of Autonomy of the individual, which is at the very heart of European identity so decisively shaped by the Enlightenment. The Principle of Autonomy implies that state legislation should not interfere in the life (...)
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  34.  1
    Well Done! Effects of Positive Feedback on Perceived Self-Efficacy, Flow and Performance in a Mental Arithmetic Task.Corinna Peifer, Pia Schönfeld, Gina Wolters, Fabienne Aust & Jürgen Margraf - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  35.  56
    Ambivalence and Conflict: Catholic Church and Evolution.Gereon Wolters - 2009 - In Werner Arber, Nicola Cabibbo & Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo (eds.), Pntifical Academy of Sciences, Acta 20. Vatican City: Pontifical Academy of Sciences. pp. 450-475.
    Somewhat traumatized by the Galileo Affair the Church until recently showed low profile in the conflicts with science, evolutionary theory included. The talk presents a categorization of possible relationships between science and religion by distinguishing between "Galilean conflicts", which are about mutually exclusive statements about matters of fact, and Freudian conflicts where an empirical science tries to explain away religion as a phenomenon in its own right. In the light of this distinction I deal with the reactions of the Church (...)
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  36.  32
    Die pragmatische vollendung Des logischen empirismus. In memoriam Carl Gustav Hempel (1905–1997).Gereon Wolters - 2000 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 31 (2):205-242.
    This paper documents the pragmatic turn in the later philosophy of C. G. Hempel.
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  37. Thinking About Causes: From Greek Philosophy to Modern Physics.Peter Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.) - 2007 - Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Emerging as a hot topic in the mid-twentieth century, causality is one of the most frequently discussed issues in contemporary philosophy. Causality has been a central concept in philosophy as well as in the sciences, especially the natural sciences, dating back to its beginning in Greek thought. David Hume famously claimed that causality is the cement of the universe. In general terms, it links eventualities, predicts the consequences of action, and is the cognitive basis for the acquisition and the use (...)
     
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  38.  12
    Patient Safety in Primary Care has Many Aspects: An Interview Study in Primary Care Doctors and Nurses.Sander Gaal, Esther Van Laarhoven, René Wolters, Raymond Wetzels, Wim Verstappen & Michel Wensing - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (3):639-643.
  39. Un difficile ritorno a casa: la Filosofia della Scienza in Germania - Uneasy homecoming: Philosophy of science in germany.Gereon Wolters - 2006 - Bollettino Della Società Filosofica Italiana (189):37-50.
    The paper - originally a lecture in the "40th Anniversary Lecture Series 2001-2002" of the University of Pittsburgh (attached to the Italian text)- gives a survey of the development of philosophy of science in Germany and of the role tthe Pittsburgh Center for Philosophy of Science plays in this development.
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  40. A Neurophysiological Account of Working Memory Limited Capacity: Within-Chunk Integration and Betweenitem Segregation.A. Raffone, G. Wolters & J. M. J. Murre - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24:139-41.
     
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  41.  6
    The Role of Self-Control and the Presence of Enactment Models on Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption: A Pilot Study.Mario Wenzel, Anouk Geelen, Maike Wolters, Antje Hebestreit, Kristof Van Laerhoven, Jeroen Lakerveld, Lene Frost Andersen, Pieter van’T. Veer & Thomas Kubiak - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  42.  6
    Automatic Scoring of Semantic Fluency.Najoung Kim, Jung-Ho Kim, Maria K. Wolters, Sarah E. MacPherson & Jong C. Park - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  43.  10
    “Wrongful Life” Reloaded: Logical Empiricism’s Philosophy of Biology 1934-1936.Gereon Wolters - 2018 - Philosophia Scientiæ. Travaux d'Histoire Et de Philosophie des Sciences 22:233-255.
    Ce chapitre reprend, en l’enrichissant, un article antérieur sur la philosophie de la biologie de l’empirisme logique, en en examinant les thèses centrales telles qu’elles sont exprimées lors des rencontres de Prague, de Paris et de Copenhague, rencontres décisives pour le développement du mouvement et son rayonnement dans le monde occidental. Je montre que l’empirisme logique n’a pas contribué au développement de la philosophie de la biologie, comme il l’a fait pour celui de la philosophie de la physique ou des (...)
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  44.  10
    Die Antiken Vasen von der Akropolis zu Athen.Paul Hartwig, Paul Wolters, Robert Zahn & Botho Graef - 1909 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 29:374.
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  45.  33
    An Introduction to Theory and Practice of Psychology. By Ll. Wynn Jones, M.A., Ph.D. (London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd. 1934. Pp. X + 308 Price 12s. 6d. Net.). [REVIEW]A. W. Wolters - 1936 - Philosophy 11 (44):490-.
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  46.  22
    Men and Their Motives, Psycho-Analytical Studies. By J. C. Flugel , Two Essays by Ingeborg Flugel. (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, & Co. 1934. Pp. Vii + 289. Price 10s. 6d.). [REVIEW]A. W. Wolters - 1935 - Philosophy 10 (40):502-.
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  47.  8
    Location Cuing Benefits with Exposure Duration Variations.A. H. C. Van Heijden, M. Neerincx & G. Wolters - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (1):35-38.
  48.  20
    O Happy Error. A Comment on Giora Hon.Gereon Wolters - 2003 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 232:295-300.
    This is a comment on Giora Hon's paper on scientific error.
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  49.  14
    Goldschmiedetechnische Beobachtungen Am Sogenannten,Giselaschmuck‘. Ein Überblick.Jochem Wolters - 2016 - Das Mittelalter 21 (2):295-331.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Das Mittelalter Jahrgang: 21 Heft: 2 Seiten: 295-331.
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  50.  7
    Uneasy Homecoming: Philosophy of Science in Germany.Gereon Wolters - unknown
    The paper - originally a lecture in the "40th Anniversary Lecture Series 2001-2002" - gives a survey of the development of philosophy of science in Germany and of the role tthe Pittsburgh Center for Philosophy of Science plays in this development.
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