Results for 'Keith A. Markus'

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  1.  31
    An Incremental Approach to Causal Inference in the Behavioral Sciences.Keith A. Markus - 2014 - Synthese 191 (10):2089-2113.
    Causal inference plays a central role in behavioral science. Historically, behavioral science methodologies have typically sought to infer a single causal relation. Each of the major approaches to causal inference in the behavioral sciences follows this pattern. Nonetheless, such approaches sometimes differ in the causal relation that they infer. Incremental causal inference offers an alternative to this conceptualization of causal inference that divides the inference into a series of incremental steps. Different steps infer different causal relations. Incremental causal inference is (...)
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  2.  5
    Questions About Networks, Measurement, and Causation.Keith A. Markus - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):164 - 165.
    Cramer et al. present a thoughtful application of network analysis to symptoms, but certain questions remain open. These questions involve the intended causal interpretation, the critique of latent variables, individual variation in causal networks, Borsboom's idea of networks as measurement models, and how well the data support the stability of the network results.
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  3. Real Causes and Ideal Manipulations: Pearl's Theory of Causal Inference From the Point of View of Psychological Research Methods.Keith A. Markus - 2011 - In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press. pp. 240--269.
     
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  4.  65
    The Senses.Keith A. Wilson & Fiona Macpherson - 2018 - Oxford Bibliographies in Philosophy.
    Philosophers and scientists have studied sensory perception and, in particular, vision for many years. Increasingly, however, they have become interested in the nonvisual senses in greater detail and the problem of individuating the senses in a more general way. The Aristotelian view is that there are only five external senses—smell, taste, hearing, touch, and vision. This has, by many counts, been extended to include internal senses, such as balance, proprioception, and kinesthesis; pain; and potentially other human and nonhuman senses. This (...)
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  5. Are the Senses Silent? Travis’s Argument From Looks.Keith A. Wilson - 2018 - In John Collins & Tamara Dobler (eds.), The Philosophy of Charles Travis: Language, Thought, and Perception. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 199-221.
    Many philosophers and scientists take perceptual experience, whatever else it involves, to be representational. In ‘The Silence of the Senses’, Charles Travis argues that this view involves a kind of category mistake, and consequently, that perceptual experience is not a representational or intentional phenomenon. The details of Travis’s argument, however, have been widely misinterpreted by his representationalist opponents, many of whom dismiss it out of hand. This chapter offers an interpretation of Travis’s argument from looks that it is argued presents (...)
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  6. Reid’s Direct Realism and Visible Figure.Keith A. Wilson - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (253):783-803.
    In his account of visual perception, Thomas Reid describes visible figure as both ‘real and external’ to the eye and as the ‘immediate object of sight’. These claims appear to conflict with Reid's direct realism, since if the ‘immediate’ object of vision is also its direct object, then sight would be perceptually indirect due to the role of visible figure as a perceptual intermediary. I argue that this apparent threat to Reid's direct realism may be resolved by understanding visible figure (...)
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  7.  39
    Home-Based Telemedicine: A Survey of Ethical Issues.Keith A. Bauer - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (2):137-146.
    In the past decade, digital technology, fiber optics, cellular phones, satellite television, home computers, and the Internet have substantially transformed business, education, and leisure practices. These technologies are becoming so integrated into our daily routines that their ubiquity often goes unnoticed. We are, nonetheless, in the midst of a telecommunications revolution, and the healthcare industry is becoming a major player. The burgeoning field of home-based telemedicine is evidence of this.
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  8. On Species Individualism: A New Defense of the Species-as-Individuals Hypothesis.Keith A. Coleman & E. O. Wiley - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (4):498-517.
    We attempt to defend the species-as-individuals hypothesis by examining the logical role played by the binomials (e.g., "Homo sapiens," "Pinus ponderosa") in biological discourse about species. Those who contend that the binomials can be properly understood as functioning in biological theory as singular terms opt for an objectual account of species and view species as individuals. Those who contend that the binomials can in principle be eliminated from biological theory in favor of predicate expressions opt for a predicative account of (...)
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  9.  10
    Ethics Consultation in Paediatric and Adult Emergency Departments: An Assessment of Clinical, Ethical, Learning and Resource Needs.Keith A. Colaco, Alanna Courtright, Sandra Andreychuk, Andrea Frolic, Ji Cheng & April Jacqueline Kam - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (1):13-20.
    Objective We sought to understand ethics and education needs of emergency nurses and physicians in paediatric and adult emergency departments in order to build ethics capacity and provide a foundation for the development of an ethics education programme. Methods This was a prospective cross-sectional survey of all staff nurses and physicians in three tertiary care EDs. The survey tool, called Clinical Ethics Needs Assessment Survey, was pilot tested on a similar target audience for question content and clarity. Results Of the (...)
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  10.  1
    Distributed Neural Processing Predictors of Multi-Dimensional Properties of Affect.Keith A. Bush, Cory S. Inman, Stephan Hamann, Clinton D. Kilts & G. Andrew James - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  11.  12
    Slender Verse: Roman Elegy and Ancient Rhetorical Theory.A. M. Keith - 1999 - Mnemosyne 52 (1):41-62.
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  12.  17
    Corpus Eroticum: Elegiac Poetics and Elegiac Puellae in Ovid's "Amores".A. M. Keith - 1994 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 88:27-40.
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  13.  12
    The Bizarreness Effect in a Multitrial Intentional Learning Task.Keith A. Wollen & Steven D. Cox - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (6):296-298.
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  14.  4
    On Species Individualism: A New Defense of the Species-as-Individuals Hypothesis.Keith A. Coleman & E. Wiley - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (4):498-517.
    We attempt to defend the species-as-individuals hypothesis by examining the logical role played by the binomials in biological discourse about species. Those who contend that the binomials can be properly understood as functioning in biological theory as singular terms opt for an objectual account of species and view species as individuals. Those who contend that the binomials can in principle be eliminated from biological theory in favor of predicate expressions opt for a predicative account of species and view species as (...)
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  15.  9
    Conditions That Determine Effectiveness of Picture-Mediated Paired-Associate Learning.Keith A. Wollen & Douglas H. Lowry - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (1):181.
  16.  8
    Effects of Maximizing Availability and Minimizing Rehearsal Upon Associative Symmetry in Two Modalities.Keith A. Wollen - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):626.
  17.  11
    Variations in Asymmetry as a Function of Degree of Forward Learning.Keith A. Wollen, Robert A. Fox & Douglas H. Lowry - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):416.
  18. Christian Faith and Greek Philosophy [by] A.H. Armstrong and R.A. Markus.A. H. Armstrong & R. A. Markus - 1960 - Darton, Longman & Todd.
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  19. Deleuze, Whitehead, Bergson: Rhizomatic Connections.Keith A. Robinson (ed.) - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
  20.  67
    More Than Inspired Propositions: Shared Attention and the Religious Text.Adam Green & Keith A. Quan - 2012 - Faith and Philosophy 29 (4):416-430.
    The Christian intellectual tradition consistently affirms that God is present in and continues to speak through Scripture. These functions of the Christian Scriptures have been underexamined in contemporary philosophy of religion and philosophical theology. Careful attention to the phenomenon of shared attention is instructive for providing an account of these matters, and the shared attention account developed here provides a useful conceptual framework within which to situate recent work on Scripture by scholars such as Kevin Vanhoozer, Nicholas Wolterstorff, and Michael (...)
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  21.  10
    A Geometric Consequence of Residual Smallness.Keith A. Kearnes, Emil W. Kiss & Matthew A. Valeriote - 1999 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 99 (1-3):137-169.
  22.  20
    Wired Patients: Implantable Microchips and Biosensors in Patient Care.Keith A. Bauer - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (3):281-290.
    After decades of specialization within the sciences, the development and application of implantable microchips and biosensors are now being made possible by a growing convergence among seemingly disparate scientific disciplines including, among others, biology, informatics, chemistry, and engineering. This convergence of diverse scientific disciplines is the basis for the creation of new technologies that will have significant medical potential. As of today, implantable microchips and biosensors are being used as mental prostheses to compensate for a loss of normal function, to (...)
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  23.  3
    Rigveda Brahmanas. The Aitareya and Kaushitaki Brahamas of the Rigveda.A. Berriedale Keith - 1922 - Philosophical Review 31 (4):409-409.
  24.  75
    Attention and Mental Primer.Jacob Beck & Keith A. Schneider - 2017 - Mind and Language 32 (4):463-494.
    Drawing on the empirical premise that attention makes objects look more intense, Ned Block has argued for mental paint, a phenomenal residue that cannot be reduced to what is perceived or represented. If sound, Block's argument would undermine direct realism and representationism, two widely held views about the nature of conscious perception. We argue that Block's argument fails because the empirical premise it is based upon is false. Attending to an object alters its salience, but not its perceived intensity. We (...)
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  25.  36
    Notes on Lukacs' Ontology.F. Feher, A. Heller, G. Markus & M. Vajda - 1976 - Télos 1976 (29):160-181.
  26.  10
    R. A. Markus. Christianity in the Roman World. Pp. 192. $10.00. [REVIEW]Marcel Simon - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (4):502.
  27.  10
    A Premature Farewell to Theism: KEITH E. YANDELL.Keith E. Yandell - 1969 - Religious Studies 5 (2):251-255.
    In an incisive critique of Professor Hick's Evil and the God of Love , Professor Puccetti claims to ‘carry the campaign as well as the battle’—i.e. to show that, with respect to evil, theists ‘are either “explaining it away” or saying it cannot be explained at all. And in both cases they are in effect admitting they have no rational defence to offer. Which means that despite appearances they really are abandoning the battlefield.’.
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  28. From the Top Down: Self-Esteem and Self-Evaluation.Jonathon D. Brown, Keith A. Dutton & Kathleen E. Cook - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (5):615-631.
  29.  8
    Effects of Instructions to Form Common and Bizarre Mental Images on Retention.Gary W. Nappe & Keith A. Wollen - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):6.
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  30.  22
    Variability in Response Criteria Affects Estimates of Conscious Identification and Unconscious Semantic Priming☆.Jesse J. Bengson & Keith A. Hutchison - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):785-796.
    Three experiments examined the role of response criteria in a masked semantic priming paradigm using an exclusion task. Experiment 1 used on-line prime-report and exclusion instructions in which participants were told to avoid completing a word stem with a word related to a prime flashed for 0, 38 or 212 ms. Semantic priming was significant in the items analysis, but was moderated by peoples’ ability to report the prime in the participant analysis. Prime-report thresholds in Experiment 2 were made more (...)
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  31.  6
    Modernization and the Alternatives of Social Progress.A. Hegedus & M. Markus - 1973 - Télos 1973 (17):145-157.
  32. Carta a Markus Hertz.Immanuel Kant - 2012 - Estudios de Filosofía: Revista del Seminaro de Filosofia del instituto Riva-Aguero 10:165-172.
  33.  5
    Effects of Set to Learn A-B or B-A Upon A-B and B-A Tests.Keith A. Wollen - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):186.
  34.  2
    A History of Sanskrit Literature.Franklin Edgerton & A. Berriedale Keith - 1930 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 50:77.
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  35.  22
    God and Gratuitous Evil: A Reply to Yandell: Keith Chrzan.Keith Chrzan - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (1):99-103.
    In his recent paper ‘Gratuitous Evil and Divine Existence’. Keith Yandell declares the deductive argument from evil solved. He notes, however, that what persists is a probabilistic version of the argument from evil, one concluding from the evidence of evil that it is ‘highly improbable’ that God exists. Yandell attempts to refute this probabilistic argument from gratuitous evil; as shown below, however, he fails.
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  36.  24
    Morality, Individuals and Collectives: Keith Graham.Keith Graham - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 22:1-18.
    My discussion in this paper is divided into three parts. In section I, I discuss some fairly familiar lines of approach to the question how moral considerations may be shown to have rational appeal. In section II, I suggest how our existence as constituents in collective entities might also influence our practical thinking. In section III, I entertain the idea that identification with collectives might displace moral thinking to some degree, and I offer Marx's class theory as a sample of (...)
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  37.  27
    Individuating the Senses of ‘Smell’: Orthonasal Versus Retronasal Olfaction.Keith A. Wilson - 2021 - Synthese:1-26.
    The dual role of olfaction in both smelling and tasting, i.e. flavour perception, makes it an important test case for philosophical theories of sensory individuation. Indeed, the psychologist Paul Rozin claimed that olfaction is a “dual sense”, leading some scientists and philosophers to propose that we have not one, but two senses of smell: orthonasal and retronasal olfaction. In this paper I consider how best to understand Rozin’s claim, and upon what grounds one might judge there to be one or (...)
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  38. Representationalism and Anti-Representationalism About Perceptual Experience.Keith A. Wilson - 2013 - Dissertation, University of Warwick
    Many philosophers have held that perceptual experience is fundamentally a matter of perceivers being in particular representational states. Such states are said to have representational content, i.e. accuracy or veridicality conditions, capturing the way that things, according to that experience, appear to be. In this thesis I argue that the case against representationalism — the view that perceptual experience is fundamentally and irreducibly representational — that is set out in Charles Travis’s ‘The Silence of the Senses’ (2004) constitutes a powerful, (...)
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  39. Caesar, De Bello Gallico 2.17.2.A. L. Keith - 1913 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 7:96.
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  40.  2
    Two Wars in Gaul.A. L. Keith - 1914 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 8:42-43.
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  41.  28
    Kant: Practical Laws. [REVIEW]Keith A. Bustos - 2011 - Philosophical Forum 42 (3):313-314.
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  42.  8
    Bidirectional Versus Unidirectional Paired-Associate Learning.Keith A. Wollen - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):565.
  43.  10
    Effects of Instructional Set and Materials Upon Forward and Backward Learning.Keith A. Wollen - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (2):275.
  44.  13
    Homograph Coding and Cerebral Laterality.Keith A. Wollen, Margaret M. Coahran, Steven D. Cox & Daniel S. Shea - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (3):129-131.
  45.  3
    Relationships Between Choice Time and Frequency During Discrimination Training and Generalization Tests.Keith A. Wollen - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (5):474-484.
  46.  9
    Reinforcer and Ratio Requirement Effects in Concurrent Fixed-Interval Fixed-Ratio Schedules.Keith A. Wood & Richard D. Willis - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (6):541-543.
  47.  11
    Bizarreness and Recall.Steven D. Cox & Keith A. Wollen - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (5):244-245.
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  48.  2
    Is There a Story to Tell?Antony Easthope, British Post-Structuralism , Xiv + 255 Pp.Keith A. Reader - 1991 - Paragraph 14 (3):306-308.
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  49.  11
    Factors Affecting General Practice Patient Response Rates to a Postal Survey of Health Status in England: A Comparative Analysis of Three Disease Groups.Keith A. Meadows, Eric Gardiner, Timothy Greene, David Rogers, Daphne Russell & Lada Smoljanovic - 1998 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (3):243-247.
  50.  58
    Counterfactual Success Again: Response to Carter and Kramer: Keith Dowding and Martin Van Hees.Keith Dowding - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (1):97-103.
    We would like to thank Ian Carter and Matthew Kramer for their challenging reply to our recent article. Dowding and van Hees is one of a series of articles in which we try to address measurement issues with regard to individual freedom. Our aim is to provide a conception of freedom that will eventually yield a way of measuring the relative freedom of groups of people within a society and a relative measure of freedom across societies. In doing so, we (...)
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