Results for 'Ragnar Francén'

95 found
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  1. No Deep Disagreement for New Relativists.Ragnar Francén - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 151 (1):19--37.
    Recently a number of writers have argued that a new form of relativism involves a form of semantic context-dependence which helps it escape the perhaps most common objection to ordinary contextualism; that it cannot accommodate our intuitions about disagreement. I argue: (i) In order to evaluate this claim we have to pay closer attention to the nature of our intuitions about disagreement. (ii) We have different such intuitions concerning different questions: we have more stable disagreement intuitions about moral disputes than (...)
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  2. Moral Motivation Pluralism.Ragnar Francén - 2010 - The Journal of Ethics 14 (2):117-148.
    Motivational externalists and internalists of various sorts disagree about the circumstances under which it is conceptually possible to have moral opinions but lack moral motivation. Typically, the evidence referred to are intuitions about whether people in certain scenarios who lack moral motivation count as having moral opinions. People’s intuitions about such scenarios diverge, however. I argue that the nature of this diversity is such that, for each of the internalist and externalist theses, there is a strong prima facie reason to (...)
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  3.  71
    Metaethical Relativism: Against the Single Analysis Assumption.Ragnar Francén - 2007 - Dissertation, University of Gothenburg
    This dissertation investigates the plausibility of metaethical relativism, or more specifically, what I call “moral truth-value relativism”: the idea that the truth of a moral statement or belief depends on who utters or has it, or who assesses it. According to the most prevalent variants of this view in philosophical literature – “standard relativism” – the truth-values are relative to people’s moralities, often understood as some subset of their affective or desirelike attitudes. Standard relativism has two main contenders: absolutism – (...)
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  4. Comment on Erler: Speaker Relativism and Semantic Intuitions.Ragnar Francén - 2009 - Praxis 2 (1):30-44.
    Metaethical relativists sometimes use an interesting analogy with relativism in physics to defend their view. In this article I comment on Erler’s discussion of this analogy and take the discussion further into methodological matters that it raises. I argue that Erler misplaces the analogy in the dialectic between relativists and absolutists: the analogy cannot be dismissed by simply pointing to the fact that we have absolutist intuitions – this is exactly the kind of objection the analogy is supposed to be (...)
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  5.  44
    Motivational Internalism, Edited by Gunnar Björnsson, Strandberg Caj, Ragnar Francén Olinder, John Eriksson, and Fredrik Björkland: New York: Oxford University Press, 2015, Pp. Ix + 306, £44.49. [REVIEW]Derek Baker - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (4):814-816.
  6.  35
    Non-Cognitivism and Fundamental Moral Certitude: Reply to Eriksson and Francén Olinder.Krister Bykvist & Jonas Olson - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (4):794-799.
    Accommodating degrees of moral certitude is a serious problem for non-cognitivism about ethics. In particular, non-cognitivism has trouble accommodating fundamental moral certitude. John Eriksson and Ragnar Francén Olinder [2016] have recently proposed a solution. In fact, Eriksson and Francén Olinder offer two different proposals—one ‘classification’ account and one ‘projectivist’ account. We argue that the classification account faces the same problem as previous accounts do, while the projectivist account has unacceptable implications. Non-cognitivists will have to look elsewhere for (...)
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  7.  67
    Non-Cognitivism and the Classification Account of Moral Uncertainty.John Eriksson & Ragnar Francén Olinder - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (4):719-735.
    ABSTRACTIt has been objected to moral non-cognitivism that it cannot account for fundamental moral uncertainty. A person is derivatively uncertain about whether an act is, say, morally wrong, when her certainty is at bottom due to uncertainty about whether the act has certain non-moral, descriptive, properties, which she takes to be wrong-making. She is fundamentally morally uncertain when her uncertainty directly concerns whether the properties of the act are wrong-making. In this paper we advance a new reply to the objection (...)
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  8. Motivational Internalism and Folk Intuitions.Gunnar Björnsson, John Eriksson, Caj Strandberg, Ragnar Francén Olinder & Fredrik Björklund - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (5):715-734.
    Motivational internalism postulates a necessary connection between moral judgments and motivation. In arguing for and against internalism, metaethicists traditionally appeal to intuitions about cases, but crucial cases often yield conflicting intuitions. One way to try to make progress, possibly uncovering theoretical bias and revealing whether people have conceptions of moral judgments required for noncognitivist accounts of moral disagreement, is to investigate non-philosophers' willingness to attribute moral judgments. A pioneering study by Shaun Nichols seemed to undermine internalism, as a large majority (...)
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  9. Moral Relativism, Error Theory, and Ascriptions of Mistakes.Ragnar Francén Olinder - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy 110 (10):564-580.
    Moral error-theorists and relativists agree that there are no absolute moral facts, but disagree whether that makes all moral judgments false. Who is right? This paper examines a type of objection used by moral error-theorists against relativists, and vice versa: objections from implausible ascriptions of mistakes. Relativists (and others) object to error-theory that it implausibly implies that people, in having moral beliefs, are systematically mistaken about what exists. Error-theorists (and others) object to relativism that it implausibly implies that people are (...)
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  10.  75
    Rescuing Doxastic Normativism.Ragnar Francén Olinder - 2012 - Theoria 78 (4):293-308.
    According to doxastic normativism, part of what makes an attitude a belief rather than another type of attitude is that it is governed by a truth-norm. It has been objected that this view fails since there are true propositions such that if you believed them they would not be true, and thus the obligation to believe true propositions cannot hold for these. I argue that the solution for doxastic normativists is to find a norm that draws the right distinction between (...)
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  11.  74
    Svavarsdóttir’s Burden.Ragnar Francén Olinder - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (3):577-589.
    It is sometimes observed that the debate between internalists and externalists about moral motivation seems to have reached a deadlock. There are those who do, and those who don’t, recognize the intuitive possibility of amoralists: i.e. people having moral opinions without being motivated to act accordingly. This makes Sigrun Svavarsdóttir’s methodological objection to internalism especially interesting, since it promises to break the deadlock through building a case against internalism (construed as a conceptual thesis), not on such intuitions, but on a (...)
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  12.  97
    Review of G. Björnsson Et Al's (Eds.) Motivational Internalism. [REVIEW]Jussi Suikkanen - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (264):658-661.
    This is a short review of collection of articles entitled Motivational Internalism, which was edited by Gunnar Björnsson, Caj Strandberg, Ragnar Francén Olinder, John Eriksson, and Fredrik Björklund.
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  13.  52
    Introduction: “Relativism About Value”.Max Kölbel & Dan Zeman - 2012 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (4):529-537.
    This is our introduction to the 50 years Anniversary Issue of The Southern Journal of Philosophy on "Relativism about Value". Contributors: Berit Brogaard, Andy Egan, Ragnar Francén Olinder, Karl Schafer, Isidora Stojanovic, Folke Tersman.
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  14.  39
    Björnsson and Olinder on Motivational Internalism.Emma Wood - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (2):379-383.
    I respond to an argument made by Gunnar Björnsson and Ragnar Francén Olinder against motivational internalism. Björnsson and Olinder present a hypothesis in which all of us are selfishly motivated to act in accordance with our moral judgments. The conceivability of such a possibility, they argue, rules out motivational internalism. I argue that this is not the case, and that, according to one dominant view about moral judgments, the agents in the hypothesis do not make genuine moral judgments. (...)
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  15. Recent Work on Motivational Internalism.Fredrik Björklund, Gunnar Björnsson, John Eriksson, Ragnar Francén Olinder & Caj Strandberg - 2012 - Analysis 72 (1):124-137.
    Reviews work on moral judgment motivational internalism from the last two decades.
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  16.  77
    Imagination Rather Than Observation in Econometrics: Ragnar Frisch’s Hypothetical Experiments as Thought Experiments.Catherine Herfeld - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):35-74.
    In economics, thought experiments are frequently justified by the difficulty of conducting controlled experiments. They serve several functions, such as establishing causal facts, isolating tendencies, and allowing inferences from models to reality. In this paper, I argue that thought experiments served a further function in economics: facilitating the quantitative definition and measurement of the theoretical concept of utility, thereby bridging the gap between theory and statistical data. I support my argument by a case study, the “hypothetical experiments” of the Norwegian (...)
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  17. Enoch’s Defense of Robust Meta-Ethical Realism.Gunnar Björnsson & Ragnar Francén Olinder - 2016 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (1):101–112.
    Taking Morality Seriously is David Enoch’s book-length defense of meta-ethical and meta-normative non-naturalist realism. After describing Enoch’s position and outlining the argumentative strategy of the book, we engage in a critical discussion of what we take to be particularly problematic central passages. We focus on Enoch’s two original positive arguments for non-naturalist realism, one argument building on first order moral implications of different meta-ethical positions, the other attending to the rational commitment to normative facts inherent in practical deliberation. We also (...)
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  18. Internalists Beware—We Might All Be Amoralists!Gunnar Björnsson & Ragnar Francén Olinder - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (1):1 - 14.
    Standard motivational internalism is the claim that by a priori or conceptual necessity, a psychological state is a moral opinion only if it is suitably related to moral motivation. Many philosophers, the authors of this paper included, have assumed that this claim is supported by intuitions to the effect that amoralists?people not suitably related to such motivation?lack moral opinions proper. In this paper we argue that this assumption is mistaken, seeming plausible only because defenders of standard internalism have failed to (...)
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  19.  66
    Motivational Internalism: Contemporary Debates.Gunnar Björnsson, Caj Strandberg, Ragnar Francén Olinder, John Eriksson & Fredrik Björklund - 2015 - In Gunnar Björnsson, Caj Strandberg, Ragnar Francén Olinder, John Eriksson & Fredrik Björklund (eds.), Motivational Internalism. Oxford University Press. pp. 1–20.
    Motivational internalism—the idea that moral judgments are intrinsically or necessarily connected to motivation—has played a central role in metaethical debates. In conjunction with a Humean picture of motivation, internalism has provided a challenge for theories that take moral judgments to concern objective aspects of reality, and versions of internalism have been seen as having implications for moral absolutism, realism, and rationalism. But internalism is a controversial thesis, and the apparent possibility of amoralists and the rejection of strong forms of internalism (...)
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  20.  59
    Moral and Metaethical Pluralism: Unity in Variation.Francén Olinder Ragnar - 2012 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (4):583-601.
    The most basic argument for moral relativism is that different people are (fundamentally) disposed to apply moral terms, such as ‘morally right’ and ‘morally wrong’, and the corresponding concepts, to different (types of) acts. In this paper, I argue that the standard forms of moral relativism fail to account for certain instances of fundamental variation, namely, variation in metaethical intuitions, and I develop a form of relativism—pluralism—that does account for them. I identify two challenges that pluralism faces. To answer the (...)
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  21.  39
    Some Varieties of Metaethical Relativism.Ragnar Francén Olinder - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (10):529-540.
    This opinionated survey article discusses a relativist view in metaethics that we can call Appraiser-standard Relativism. According to this view, the truth value of moral judgments varies depending on the moral standard of the appraiser – that is, someone who makes or assesses the judgments. On this view, when two persons judge that, say, lying is always morally wrong; one of the judgments might be true and the other false. The paper presents various forms of this view, contrasts it against (...)
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  22.  93
    Motivational Internalism.Gunnar Björnsson, Caj Strandberg, Ragnar Francén Olinder, John Eriksson & Fredrik Björklund (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    Motivational internalism—the idea that there is an intrinsic or necessary connection between moral judgment and moral motivation—is a central thesis in a number of metaethical debates. In conjunction with a Humean picture of motivation, it provides a challenge for cognitivist theories that take moral judgments to concern objective aspects of reality. Versions of internalism have potential implications for moral absolutism, realism, non-naturalism, and rationalism. Being a constraint on more detailed conceptoins of moral motivation and moral judgment, it is also directly (...)
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  23. Econometrics and Economic Theory in the 20th Century: The Ragnar Frisch Centennial Symposium.Steinar Strøm (ed.) - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    Ragnar Frisch received the first Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science together with Jan Tinbergen in 1969 for having played an important role in ensuring that mathematical techniques figure prominently in modern economic analysis. Frisch was also a co-founder of the Econometric Society in 1930, the inaugural editor of its journal Econometrica for over 20 years, and a major figure in Norwegian academic life. This collection of essays derived from the centennial symposium which marked Frisch's birth explores his contributions (...)
     
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  24.  16
    Literacy i norsk seinmellomalder. Jan Ragnar Hagland.Alaric Hall - 2009 - Speculum 84 (2):441-443.
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  25.  14
    Charles Scott Sherrington. An Appraisal. By Ragnar Granit. Pp. Xi + 188. London: Thomas Nelson, 1966. £2 2s.E. Clarke - 1966 - British Journal for the History of Science 3 (2):198-199.
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  26.  33
    The Cynic Ideal Ragnar Höistad: Cynic Hero and Cynic King. Pp. 234. Uppsala: Privately Printed (Oxford: Blackwell), 1949. Paper, 12s. Net. [REVIEW]J. B. Skemp - 1952 - The Classical Review 2 (02):80-81.
  27.  6
    Reviews of Books and Periodicals : NURKSE, Ragnar, Patterns of Trade and Development. Blackwell, Oxford, 1961, 62 P., 6/-. [REVIEW]Peter Lengyel - 1962 - Social Sciences Information 1 (2):83-84.
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  28.  6
    The Wandering Spirit. Ragnar Numelin.Charles A. Kofoid - 1938 - Isis 29 (1):194-196.
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  29.  6
    The Purposive Brain By Ragnar Granit.Sidney Schulman - 1982 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 25 (3):504-507.
  30.  5
    The Purposive Brain by Ragnar Granit.John C. Eccles - 1978 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 21 (3):466-469.
  31.  3
    Charles Scott Sherrington. A Biography of the Neurophysiologist. Ragnar Granit.Vladislav Kruta - 1968 - Isis 59 (4):460-462.
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  32.  6
    Book Review:Social Norms and Roles Ragnar Rommetveit. [REVIEW]Charles Frankel - 1956 - Philosophy of Science 23 (3):270-.
  33. Recension av Ragnar Ohlsson: Meningen med livet. [REVIEW]Gunnar Björnsson - 1999 - Filosofisk Tidskrift 2:58–59.
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  34. Asa Boholm and Ragnar Lofstedt, Facility Siting.A. Davies - 2005 - Environmental Values 14 (4):532.
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  35.  31
    Textkritiska Studier Till Columellas Femte Bok. By Ragnar Pomoell. Pp. Viii + III. Göteborg: Eranos Förlag, 1931. [REVIEW]A. Souter - 1932 - The Classical Review 46 (2):91-91.
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  36.  14
    Theories of Complexity.Dominique Chu, Roger Strand & Ragnar Fjelland - 2003 - Complexity 8 (3):19-30.
  37. Morals Based on Needs.Ragnar Ohlsson - 1995 - Upa.
    The concept of "need" has been analyzed by numerous modern philosophers. While they usually view need as a necessary condition for avoiding harm, Morals Based on Needs gives "basic needs" a clarifying new definition in terms of "necessary and sufficient condition for an acceptable life". Ohlsson investigates the connections between needs and moral norms creating a new foundation for ethics.
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  38. Filosofi Med Barn Reflektioner Över Ett Försök På Lågstadiet.Bo Malmhester & Ragnar Ohlsson - 1999
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  39.  8
    The Political Theology of Populism and the Case of the Front National.Ingeborg M. Bergem & Ragnar M. Bergem - 2018 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 45 (2):186-211.
    In this article, we investigate the political theology of populism and look at the case of the Front National. Considering the writings of Carl Schmitt and Ernesto Laclau, we trace the logical core of Schmitt’s political theology and show how it is integrated into theories of the political and Laclau’s theory of populism. We argue that the theologico-political core of populism is the simultaneous disavowal and imposition of mediation and that this stance leads to an increasing formalism. Looking at the (...)
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  40.  25
    In Vivo Interpretation of in Vitro Effect Studies with a Detailed Analysis of the Method of in Vitro Transcription in Isolated Cell Nuclei.Roger Strand, Ragnar Fjelland & Torgeir Flatmark - 1996 - Acta Biotheoretica 44 (1):1-21.
    In vitro experimental approaches are of central importance to contemporary molecular and cellular biology and toxicology. However, the scientific value or impact of in vitro results depends on their relevance in vivo. In vitro effect studies address inobservable in vivo phenomena through experiments on analogous in vitro phenomena. We present a theoretical basis developed to evaluate the in vivo relevance of in vitro effect studies. As a case study, the procedure for measuring specific gene transcription in isolated cell nuclei (nuclear (...)
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  41.  6
    How Do Prescribing Doctors Anticipate the Effect of Statins?Per Lytsy, Gunilla Burell & Ragnar Westerling - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (3):420-428.
  42. On Pronomes, Pronouns and Dyadic Coordination of Attention.Ragnar Rommetveit - 1986 - Journal of Semantics 5 (2):177-179.
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  43.  15
    Social Norms and Roles.Ragnar Rommetveit - 1956 - Philosophy of Science 23 (3):270-270.
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  44.  47
    The Theory‐Ladenness of Observations, the Role of Scientific Instruments, and the Kantiana Priori.Ragnar Fjelland - 1991 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 5 (3):269 – 280.
    Abstract During the last decades it has become widely accepted that scientific observations are ?theory?laden?. Scientists ?see? the world with their theories or theoretical presuppositions. In the present paper it is argued that they ?see? with their scientific instruments as well, as the uses of scientific instruments is an important characteristic of modern natural science. It is further argued that Euclidean geometry is intimately linked to technology, and hence that it plays a fundamental part in the construction and operation of (...)
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  45.  8
    The Logic of Representation in Political Rituals.Ragnar M. Bergem - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (3):251-260.
    ABSTRACTPolitical rituals, like the sovereign acclamation described in Rousseau’s social contract, exhibit a logic of representation that seem to oscillate between presence and absence, and enact a problematic identification of the people as a multitude of individuals and as a whole. This article explores this logic of rituals by comparing problems of political representation in Rousseau and Agamben with the highest principle of Aristotle’s philosophy. It thus elucidates the problem of representation in rituals of political power.
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  46.  42
    Facing the Problem of Uncertainty.Ragnar Fjelland - 2002 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):155-169.
    In a certain sense, uncertainty andignorance have been recognized in science andphilosophy from the time of the Greeks.However, the mathematical sciences have beendominated by the pursuit of certainty.Therefore, experiments under simplified andidealized conditions have been regarded as themost reliable source of knowledge. Normally,uncertainty could be ignored or controlled byapplying probability theory and statistics.Today, however, the situation is different.Uncertainty and ignorance have moved intofocus. In particular, the global character ofsome environmental problems has shown that theproblems cannot be disregarded. Therefore,scientists and technologists (...)
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  47. Cynic Hero and Cynic King.Ragnar[from old catalog] Höistad - 1948 - Uppsala.
  48.  30
    Meaning, Context, and Control:Convergent Trends and Controversial Issues in Current Social‐Scientific Research on Human Cognition and Communication.Ragnar Rommetveit - 1987 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 30 (1 & 2):77 – 99.
    A survey of a wide range of social?scientific disciplines reveals a definite convergence of theoretical interest in human cognition and communication as situated, concerned, and embedded in social commitment. Recent contributions within situation semantics and cognitive science explicitly reject some of the constraints inherent in their shared philosophical heritage and prepare novel ground for dialogues between fields as far apart as formal semantics and ?dialogical? text theory. Issues such as purely cognitive versus motivational aspects of human situatedness, and the relationship (...)
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  49. Filosofi med barn.Ragnar Ohlsson - 1996 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 1.
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  50.  13
    Eugenics Before World War II: The Case of Norway.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1980 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 2 (2):269 - 298.
    During the first half of the twentieth century there was a marked decline in biological conceptions of man and society. This paper describes the development of the views concerning eugenics held by the Norwegian scientific expertise, from open racism before World War I to a moderate nonracist eugenic program in the 1930's. It is claimed that public criticism of the popular eugenics movement by the experts came earlier in Norway than in most other countries, including the United States. The first (...)
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