Results for 'Dwight W. Read'

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  1.  94
    Cultural Evolution is Not Equivalent to Darwinian Evolution.Dwight W. Read - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):361-361.
    Darwinian evolution, defined as evolution arising from selection based directly on the properties of individuals, does not account for cultural constructs providing the organizational basis of human societies. The difficulty with linking Darwinian evolution to structural properties of cultural constructs is exemplified with kinship terminologies, a cultural construct that structures and delineates the domain of kin in human societies. (Published Online November 9 2006).
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  2.  32
    The Algebraic Logic of Kinship Terminology Structures.Dwight W. Read - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (5):399-401.
    Jones' proposed application of Optimality Theory assumes the primary kinship data are genealogical definitions of kin terms. This, however, ignores the fact that these definitions can be predicted from the computational, algebralike structural logic of kinship terminologies, as has been discussed and demonstrated in numerous publications. The richness of human kinship systems derives from the cultural knowledge embedded in kinship terminologies as symbolic computation systems, not the post hoc constraints devised by Jones.
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  3.  2
    The Substance of Cultural Evolution: Culturally Framed Systems of Social Organization.Dwight W. Read - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):270-271.
  4.  19
    The Rich Detail of Cultural Symbol Systems.Dwight W. Read - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):434-435.
    The goal of forming a science of intentional behavior requires a more richly detailed account of symbolic systems than is assumed by the authors. Cultural systems are not simply the equivalent in the ideational domain of culture of the purported Baldwin Effect in the genetic domain. © 2014 Cambridge University Press.
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  5.  32
    Can There Be Cognitive Science Without Anthropology?Fadwa El Guindi & Dwight W. Read - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):144-145.
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  6.  9
    Magnitude Estimations and Category Judgments of Brightness and Brightness Intervals: A Two-Stage Interpretation.Dwight W. Curtis - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (2p1):201.
  7.  16
    Conjoint Scaling of Subjective Number and Weight.Stanley J. Rule & Dwight W. Curtis - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):305.
  8.  12
    Input and Output Transformations From Magnitude Estimation.Stanley J. Rule, Dwight W. Curtis & Robert P. Markley - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):343.
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  9.  13
    Relation Between Disjunctive Reaction Time and Stimulus Difference.Dwight W. Curtis, Manley A. Paulos & Stanley J. Rule - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (2):167.
  10.  17
    Magnitude Judgments and Difference Judgments of Lightness and Darkness: A Two-Stage Analysis.Stanley J. Rule, Ronald C. Laye & Dwight W. Curtis - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (6):1108.
  11.  10
    Direct Judgments: Sensation or Stimulus Correlate?Dwight W. Curtis - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):191-192.
  12.  10
    Magnitude Judgments of Brightness and Brightness Difference as a Function of Background Reflectance.Dwight W. Curtis & Stanley J. Rule - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (1):215.
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  13.  13
    Middle Egyptian.Dwight W. Young & John B. Callender - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (3):345.
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  14.  3
    The Facsimile Edition of the Nag Hammadi Codices: Introduction.Dwight W. Young, James M. Robinson & Stephen Emmel - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (4):836.
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  15.  30
    Evaluation of a Behavioral Measure of Risk Taking: The Balloon Analogue Risk Task.C. W. Lejuez, Jennifer P. Read, Christopher W. Kahler, Jerry B. Richards, Susan E. Ramsey, Gregory L. Stuart, David R. Strong & Richard A. Brown - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 8 (2):75-84.
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  16. From Past to Present: The Deep History of Kinship.Dwight Read - 2019 - In Integrating Qualitative and Social Science Factors in Archaeological Modelling. Cham: pp. 137-162.
    The term “deep history” refers to historical accounts framed temporally not by the advent of a written record but by evolutionary events (Smail 2008; Shryock and Smail 2011). The presumption of deep history is that the events of today have a history that traces back beyond written history to events in the evolutionary past. For human kinship, though, even forming a history of kinship, let alone a deep history, remains problematic, given limited, relevant data (Trautman et al. 2011). With regard (...)
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  17.  9
    Converging Power Functions as a Description of the Size-Weight Illusion: A Control Experiment.Stanley J. Rule & Dwight W. Curtis - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 8 (1):16-18.
  18.  3
    Ordinal Properties of Subjective Ratios and Differences: Comment on Veit.Stanley J. Rule & Dwight W. Curtis - 1980 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 109 (3):296-300.
  19.  8
    From Pan to Homo Sapiens: Evolution From Individual Based to Group Based Forms of Social Cognition.Dwight Read - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):121-161.
    The evolution from pre-human primates to modern Homo sapiens is a complex one involving many domains, ranging from the material to the social to the cognitive, both at the individual and the community levels. This article focuses on a critical qualitative transition that took place during this evolution involving both the social and the cognitive domains. For the social domain, the transition is from the face-to-face forms of social interaction and organization that characterize the non-human primates that reached, with Pan, (...)
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  20.  5
    From Experiential-Based to Relational-Based Forms of Social Organization: A Major Transition in the Evolution of Homo Sapiens.Dwight Read - 2010 - In Social Brain, Distributed Mind. pp. 199.
    The evolutionary trajectory from non-human to human forms of social organization involves change from experiential- to relational-based systems of social interaction. Social organization derived from biologically and experientially grounded social interaction reached a hiatus with the great apes due to an expansion of individualization of behaviour. The hiatus ended with the introduction of relational-based social interaction, culminating in social organization based on cultural kinship. This evolutionary trajectory links biological origins to cultural outcomes and makes evident the centrality of distributed forms (...)
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  21.  19
    Stenhouse (W.) Reading Inscriptions and Writing Ancient History. Historical Scholarship in the Late Renaissance. (Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies Supplement 86.) Pp. X + 203, B/W & Colour Ills. London: Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London, 2005. Paper, £50. ISBN: 0-900587-98-. [REVIEW]Peter Liddel - 2006 - The Classical Review 56 (02):503-.
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  22.  59
    Modeling Cultural Idea Systems: The Relationship Between Theory Models and Data Models.Dwight Read - 2013 - Perspectives on Science 21 (2):157-174.
    Subjective experience is transformed into objective reality for societal members through cultural idea systems that can be represented with theory and data models. A theory model shows relationships and their logical implications that structure a cultural idea system. A data model expresses patterning found in ethnographic observations regarding the behavioral implementation of cultural idea systems. An example of this duality for modeling cultural idea systems is illustrated with Arabic proverbs that structurally link friend and enemy as concepts through a culturally (...)
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  23.  4
    "Go to the Land I Will Show You": Studies in Honor of Dwight W. Young.Gary H. Oller, Joseph Coleson & Victor Matthews - 1998 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 118 (4):603.
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  24.  14
    Book Review Section 3. [REVIEW]Max A. Bailey, Kenneth R. Conklin, William J. Mathis, Harold J. Noah, John Bremer, Beatrice E. Sarlos, Eric Russell Lacy, David W. Minar, Park Jr, Nathan Kravetz, Allan R. Sullivan, Dwight W. Allen, Joel H. Spring, Walden Crabtree & Leo D. Leonard - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (1):35-48.
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  25.  41
    Book Review Section 4. [REVIEW]Timothy Boggs, Charles B. Keely, John P. Sikula, Elliott S. M. Gatner, Dwight W. Allen, Frederick H. Stutz, Dan Landis, David A. Potter, Joseph M. Scandura, Larry S. Bowen, Jay M. Smith, Gerald Kulm, Barak Rosenshine, Lawrence M. Knolle, Jacquelin A. Stitt, Joan K. Smith, Nicholas F. Rayder, B. R. Bugelski, Karen F. Swoope, Joan Duff Kise, Robert S. Means, Gladys H. Means, Stanley H. Rude & James E. Ysseldyke - 1974 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 5 (1):78-97.
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  26.  14
    Book Review Section 4. [REVIEW]Timothy Boggs, Charles B. Keely, John P. Sikula, Elliott S. M. Gatner, Dwight W. Allen, Frederick H. Stutz, Dan Landis, David A. Potter, Joseph M. Scandura, Larry S. Bowen, Jay M. Smith, Gerald Kulm, Barak Rosenshine, Lawrence M. Knolle, Jacquelin A. Stitt, Joan K. Smith, Nicholas F. Rayder, B. R. Bugelski, Karen F. Swoope, Joan Duff Kise, Robert S. Means, Gladys H. Means, Stanley H. Rude & James E. Ysseldyke - 1974 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 5 (1&2):78-97.
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  27.  24
    From Behavior to Culture: An Assessment of Cultural Evolution and a New Synthesis.Dwight Read - 2003 - Complexity 8 (6):17-41.
  28.  88
    Cognition, Algebra, and Culture in the Tongan Kinship Terminology.Giovanni Bennardo & Dwight Read - 2007 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 7 (1-2):49-88.
    We present an algebraic account of the Tongan kinship terminology (TKT) that provides an insightful journey into the fabric of Tongan culture. We begin with the ethnographic account of a social event. The account provides us with the activities of that day and the centrality of kin relations in the event, but it does not inform us of the conceptual system that the participants bring with them. Rather, it is a slice in time of an ongoing dynamic process that links (...)
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  29.  7
    Human Thought and Social Organization.Murray Leaf & Dwight Read - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    Human beings, as a species, have two outstanding characteristics compared to all other species: the apparently enormous elaboration of our thought through language and symbolism, and the elaboration of our forms of social organization. The obvious question is whether these two characteristics are connected. ... Our view is that they are connected intimately. Thought and social organization are two aspects of the same larger phenomenon, or better the same larger bundle of phenomena. ... Here we bring the two streams of (...)
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  30.  98
    The Function of Folk Psychology: Mind Reading or Mind Shaping?Tadeusz W. Zawidzki - 2008 - Philosophical Explorations 11 (3):193 – 210.
    I argue for two claims. First I argue against the consensus view that accurate behavioral prediction based on accurate representation of cognitive states, i.e. mind reading , is the sustaining function of propositional attitude ascription. This practice cannot have been selected in evolution and cannot persist, in virtue of its predictive utility, because there are principled reasons why it is inadequate as a tool for behavioral prediction. Second I give reasons that favor an alternative account of the sustaining function of (...)
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  31. Readings in Later Chinese Philosophy: Han to the 20th Century.Justin Tiwald & Bryan W. Van Norden (eds.) - 2014 - Hackett.
    An exceptional contribution to the teaching and study of Chinese thought, this anthology provides fifty-eight selections arranged chronologically in five main sections: Han Thought, Chinese Buddhism, Neo-Confucianism, Late Imperial Confucianism, and the early Twentieth Century. The editors have selected writings that have been influential, that are philosophically engaging, and that can be understood as elements of an ongoing dialogue, particularly on issues regarding ethical cultivation, human nature, virtue, government, and the underlying structure of the universe. Within those topics, issues of (...)
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  32.  35
    Culture: The Missing Piece in Theories of Weak and Strong Reciprocity.Dwight Read & Francesco Guala - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (1):35.
    Guala does not go far enough in his critique of the assumption that human decisions about sharing made in the context of experimental game conditions accurately reflect decision-making under real conditions. Sharing of hunted animals is constrained by cultural rules and is not as assumed in models of weak and strong reciprocity. Missing in these models is the cultural basis of sharing that makes it a group property rather than an individual one.
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  33. How Culture Makes Us Human.Dwight Read - 2012 - Left Coast Press.
  34.  21
    Is Cultural Group Selection Enough?Dwight Read - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
    © Cambridge University Press 2016.Richerson et al. propose cultural group selection as the basis for understanding the evolution of cultural systems. Their proposal does not take into account the nature of cultural idea systems as being constituted at an organizational rather than an individual level. The sealing partners of the Netsilik Inuit exemplify the problem with their account.
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  35.  31
    Learning Natural Numbers is Conceptually Different Than Learning Counting Numbers.Dwight Read - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):667-668.
    How children learn number concepts reflects the conceptual and logical distinction between counting numbers, based on a same-size concept for collections of objects, and natural numbers, constructed as an algebra defined by the Peano axioms for arithmetic. Cross-cultural research illustrates the cultural specificity of counting number systems, and hence the cultural context must be taken into account.
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  36. Social Brain, Distributed Mind.Read Dwight - 2010
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  37.  11
    Christopher W. Morris, Ed., Questions of Life and Death: Readings in Practical Ethics. [REVIEW]W. Scott Clifton - 2017 - Teaching Ethics 17 (1):129-131.
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  38. W. A. Craigie. Easy Readings In Anglo-saxon, Specimens Of Anglo-saxon Prose , Specimens Of Anglç-saxon Poetry, 2s. 6 D. Easy Readings In Old Icelandic, 3 S. ; And Easy Readings In Danish, 2 S. 6 D. [REVIEW]W. B. Watson - 1926 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 5 (2-3):594-594.
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  39. Reading Philosophy with Background Knowledge and Metacognition.David W. Concepción - 2004 - Teaching Philosophy 27 (4):351-368.
    This paper argues that explicit reading instruction should be part of lower level undergraduate philosophy courses. Specifically, the paper makes the claim that it is necessary to provide the student with both the relevant background knowledge about a philosophical work and certain metacognitive skills that enrich the reading process and their ability to organize the content of a philosophical text with other aspects of knowledge. A “How to Read Philosophy” handout and student reactions to the handout are provided.
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  40. Readings on Laws of Nature.John W. Carroll (ed.) - 2004 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    As a subject of inquiry, laws of nature exist in the overlap between metaphysics and the philosophy of science. Over the past three decades, this area of study has become increasingly central to the philosophy of science. It also has relevance to a variety of topics in metaphysics, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, and epistemology. Readings on Laws of Nature is the first anthology to offer a contemporary history of the problem of laws. The book is organized around three (...)
     
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  41.  14
    Phonology, Reading Acquisition, and Dyslexia: Insights From Connectionist Models.Michael W. Harm & Mark S. Seidenberg - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (3):491-528.
  42.  58
    Readings in Animal Cognition.Marc Bekoff & Dale W. Jamieson (eds.) - 1996 - MIT Press.
    This collection of 24 readings is the first comprehensive treatment of important topics by leading figures in the rapidly growing interdisciplinary field of...
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  43.  9
    Letters to and From the Editor.W. C. Ellerbroek, Dwight J. Ingle & Claude A. Frazier - 1972 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 15 (4):644-644.
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  44.  25
    Letters to and From the Editor.Dwight J. Ingle, Ashley Montagu, Solomon Garb, Walter Hartmann, Morton H. Frank, Nathaniel H. Eisen, David J. Ingle, James W. Wiggins & Michael Kelly - 1961 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 5 (1):130-144.
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  45. Book Review: Reading Mark: A Literary and Theological Commentary on the Second GospelReading Mark: A Literary and Theological Commentary on the Second GospelbyDowdSharonReading the New Testament Series. Smyth & Helwys, Macon, 2000. Pp. $19.00. ISBN 1-57312-288-2. [REVIEW]Dwight N. Peterson - 2002 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 56 (4):435-436.
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  46.  56
    Reading as a Philosopher.David W. Concepción - 2019 - The Philosophers' Magazine 85:79-84.
    This essay explains how reading philosophy is different from other forms of academic reading and provides guidance for reading well to people who are new to the field.
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  47. Moral Soundings: Readings on the Crisis of Values in Contemporary Life.Dwight Furrow (ed.) - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This topically organized, interdisciplinary anthology provides competing perspective on the claim that western culture faces a moral crisis. Using clearly written, accessible essays by well-known authors in philosophy, the social sciences, and the humanities, the book introduces students to a variety of perspectives on the current cultural debate about values that percolates beneath the surface of most of our social and political controversies.
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  48.  36
    Screen reading and the creation of new cognitive ecologies.Robert W. Clowes - 2018 - AI and Society 34 (4):705-720.
    It has been widely argued that digital technologies are transforming the nature of reading, and with it, our brains and a wide range of our cognitive capabilities. In this article, we begin by discussing the new analytical category of deep-reading and whether it is really on the decline. We analyse deep reading and its grounding in brain reorganization, based upon Michael Anderson’s Massive Redeployment hypothesis and Dehaene’s Neuronal Recycling which both help us to theorize how the capacities of brains are (...)
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  49.  4
    Readings in Classical Chinese Philosophy.P. J. Ivanhoe, Bryan W. Van Norden & Bryan Van Norden (eds.) - 2001 - Hackett.
    This new edition offers expanded selections from the works of Kongzi, Mengzi, Zhuangzi, and Xunzi ; two new works, the dialogues _Robber Zhi_ and _White Horse_; a concise general introduction; brief introductions to, and selective bibliographies for, each work; and four appendices that shed light on important figures, periods, texts, and terms in Chinese thought.
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  50. Art and Philosophy Readings in Aesthetics /[Edited by] W. E. Kennick. --. --.W. E. Kennick - 1979 - St. Martin's Press, C1979.
     
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