Results for 'Cecilia Nardini'

823 found
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  1.  33
    Mechanistic Understanding in Clinical Practice: Complementing Evidence‐Based Medicine with Personalized Medicine.Cecilia Nardini, Marco Annoni & Giuseppe Schiavone - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1000-1005.
  2.  57
    Bias and Conditioning in Sequential Medical Trials.Cecilia Nardini & Jan Sprenger - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):1053-1064.
    Randomized Controlled Trials are currently the gold standard within evidence-based medicine. Usually, they are conducted as sequential trials allowing for monitoring for early signs of effectiveness or harm. However, evidence from early stopped trials is often charged with being biased towards implausibly large effects. To our mind, this skeptical attitude is unfounded and caused by the failure to perform appropriate conditioning in the statistical analysis of the evidence. We contend that a shift from unconditional hypothesis tests in the style of (...)
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  3.  61
    Monitoring in Clinical Trials: Benefit or Bias?Cecilia Nardini - 2013 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (4):259-274.
    Monitoring ongoing clinical trials for early signs of effectiveness is an option for improving cost-effectiveness of trials that is becoming increasingly common. Alongside the obvious advantages made possible by monitoring, however, there are some downsides. In particular, there is growing concern in the medical community that trials stopped early for benefit tend to overestimate treatment effect. In this paper, I examine this problem from the point of view of statistical methodology, starting from the observation that the overestimation is caused by (...)
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  4.  32
    Policy on Synthetic Biology: Deliberation, Probability, and the Precautionary Paradox.Christopher Wareham & Cecilia Nardini - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (2):118-125.
    Synthetic biology is a cutting-edge area of research that holds the promise of unprecedented health benefits. However, in tandem with these large prospective benefits, synthetic biology projects entail a risk of catastrophic consequences whose severity may exceed that of most ordinary human undertakings. This is due to the peculiar nature of synthetic biology as a ‘threshold technology’ which opens doors to opportunities and applications that are essentially unpredictable. Fears about these potentially unstoppable consequences have led to declarations from civil society (...)
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  5.  39
    The Ethics of Non-Inferiority Trials: A Consequentialist Analysis.Marco Annoni, Virginia Sanchini & Cecilia Nardini - 2013 - Research Ethics 9 (3):109-120.
    Discussions about the merits and shortcomings of non-inferiority trials are becoming increasingly common in the medical community and among regulatory agencies. However, criticisms targeting the ethical standing of non-inferiority trials have often been mistargeted. In this article we review the ethical standing of trials of non-inferiority. In the first part of the article, we outline a consequentialist position according to which clinical trials are best conceived as epistemic tools aimed at fostering the proper ends of medicine. According to this view, (...)
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  6.  9
    What Kind of Principle Is Clinical Equipoise?Luca Chiapperino & Cecilia Nardini - 2014 - Theoretical and Applied Ethics 3 (1):1-16.
    Equipoise, or the criterion of honest professional uncertainty in the clinical community, is currently the most widely accepted standard for adjudicating the ethical dilemmas of medical research involving human patients. Nonetheless, equipoise has recently become a subject of considerable criticism. Among the objections to equipoise, an important one is based on the observation of an objective difficulty for equipoise in providing sound ethical guidance in practical circumstances that arise in clinical research. A chief example of such problem is represented by (...)
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  7.  16
    Cécilia Claeys-Mekdade, une sociologue face à l'interdisciplinarité : éloge du doute méthodologique.Cécilia Claeys-Mekdade & Agnès Pivot - 2005 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 13 (2):189-193.
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  8.  19
    Réplica de Cecília L. Allemandi.Cecilia L. Allemandi - 2012 - Dialogos 16 (2).
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  9.  52
    Differential Developmental Trajectories for Egocentric, Environmental and Intrinsic Frames of Reference in Spatial Memory.M. Nardini, N. Burgess, K. BrecKenridge & J. Atkinson - 2006 - Cognition 101 (1):153-172.
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  10. Where Do Mirror Neurons Come From.Cecilia Heyes - forthcoming - Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews.
    1. Properties of mirror neurons in monkeys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (...)
     
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  11.  3
    Framed Before We Know It: How Gender Shapes Social Relations.Cecilia L. Ridgeway - 2009 - Gender and Society 23 (2):145-160.
    In this article, I argue that gender is a primary cultural frame for coordinating behavior and organizing social relations. I describe the implications for understanding how gender shapes social behavior and organizational structures. By my analysis, gender typically acts as a background identity that biases, in gendered directions, the performance of behaviors undertaken in the name of organizational roles and identities. I develop an account of how the background effects of the gender frame on behavior vary by the context that (...)
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  12.  23
    Ethics Case Reflection Sessions: Enablers and Barriers.Cecilia Bartholdson, Bert Molewijk, Kim Lützén, Klas Blomgren & Pernilla Pergert - 2018 - Nursing Ethics 25 (2):199-211.
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  13.  11
    Positive Effects of Nature on Cognitive Performance Across Multiple Experiments: Test Order but Not Affect Modulates the Cognitive Effects.Cecilia U. D. Stenfors, Stephen C. Van Hedger, Kathryn E. Schertz, Francisco A. C. Meyer, Karen E. L. Smith, Greg J. Norman, Stefan C. Bourrier, James T. Enns, Omid Kardan, John Jonides & Marc G. Berman - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  14.  31
    Children Reorient Using the Left/Right Sense of Coloured Landmarks at 18–24 Months.Marko Nardini, Janette Atkinson & Neil Burgess - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):519-527.
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  15.  18
    A Viewpoint-Independent Process for Spatial Reorientation.Marko Nardini, Rhiannon L. Thomas, Victoria C. P. Knowland, Oliver J. Braddick & Janette Atkinson - 2009 - Cognition 112 (2):241-248.
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  16.  47
    Who Knows? Metacognitive Social Learning Strategies.Cecilia Heyes - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (3):204-213.
  17.  74
    Précis of Cognitive Gadgets: The Cultural Evolution of Thinking.Cecilia Heyes - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42:1-57.
    Cognitive gadgets are distinctively human cognitive mechanisms – such as imitation, mind reading, and language – that have been shaped by cultural rather than genetic evolution. New gadgets emerge, not by genetic mutation, but by innovations in cognitive development; they are specialised cognitive mechanisms built by general cognitive mechanisms using information from the sociocultural environment. Innovations are passed on to subsequent generations, not by DNA replication, but through social learning: People with new cognitive mechanisms pass them on to others through (...)
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  18.  15
    Procedures for Clinical Ethics Case Reflections: An Example From Childhood Cancer Care.Cecilia Bartholdson, Pernilla Pergert & Gert Helgesson - 2014 - Clinical Ethics 9 (2-3):87-95.
    The procedures for structuring clinical ethics case reflections in a childhood cancer care setting are presented, including an eight-step model. Four notable characteristics of the procedures are: members of the inter-professional health care team, not external experts, taking a leading role in the reflections; patients or relatives not being directly involved; the model explicitly addressing values and moral principles instead of focussing exclusively on the interests of involved parties; using a case-based rather than principle-based method. By discusing the advantages and (...)
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  19.  28
    Knowing Ourselves Together: The Cultural Origins of Metacognition.Cecilia Heyes, Dan Bang, Nicholas Shea, Christopher D. Frith & Stephen M. Fleming - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (5):349-362.
  20. Material Falsity and Error in Descartes' Meditations.Cecilia Wee - 2005 - Routledge.
    _Material Falsity and Error in Descartes’s Meditations _approaches Descartes’s Meditations as an intellectual journey, wherein Descartes’s views develop and change as he makes new discoveries about self, God and matter. The first book to focus closely on Descartes’s notion of material falsity, it shows how Descartes’s account of material falsity – and correspondingly his account of crucial notions such as truth, falsehood and error – evolves according to the epistemic advances in the Meditations. It also offers important new insights on (...)
     
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  21.  79
    The Intentionality of Animal Action.Cecilia Heyes & Anthony Dickinson - 1990 - Mind and Language 5 (1):87–103.
  22.  16
    Is Morality a Gadget? Nature, Nurture and Culture in Moral Development.Cecilia Heyes - 2019 - Synthese 198 (5):4391-4414.
    Research on ‘moral learning’ examines the roles of domain-general processes, such as Bayesian inference and reinforcement learning, in the development of moral beliefs and values. Alert to the power of these processes, and equipped with both the analytic resources of philosophy and the empirical methods of psychology, ‘moral learners’ are ideally placed to discover the contributions of nature, nurture and culture to moral development. However, I argue that to achieve these objectives research on moral learning needs to overcome nativist bias, (...)
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  23.  64
    The Cultural Evolution of Cultural Evolution.Jonathan Birch & Cecilia Heyes - forthcoming - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.
    What makes fast, cumulative cultural evolution work? Where did it come from? Why is it the sole preserve of humans? We set out a self-assembly hypothesis: cultural evolution evolved culturally. We present an evolutionary account that shows this hypothesis to be coherent, plausible, and worthy of further investigation. It has the following steps: (0) in common with other animals, early hominins had significant capacity for social learning; (1) knowledge and skills learned by offspring from their parents began to spread because (...)
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  24.  7
    Optimism and Hope in Chronic Disease: A Systematic Review.Cecilia C. Schiavon, Eduarda Marchetti, Léia G. Gurgel, Fernanda M. Busnello & Caroline T. Reppold - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  25.  36
    Oxford Physics in the Thirteenth Century (Ca. 1250–1270): Motion, Infinity, Place, and Time.Cecilia Trifogli - 2000 - Brill.
    This volume deals with the reception of Aristotle's natural philosophy in Oxford between 1250 and 1270.
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  26.  39
    Material Falsity and Error in Descartes' Meditations.Cecilia Wee - 2005 - Routledge.
    _Material Falsity and Error in Descartes’s Meditations _approaches Descartes’s Meditations as an intellectual journey, wherein Descartes’s views develop and change as he makes new discoveries about self, God and matter. The first book to focus closely on Descartes’s notion of material falsity, it shows how Descartes’s account of material falsity – and correspondingly his account of crucial notions such as truth, falsehood and error – evolves according to the epistemic advances in the Meditations. It also offers important new insights on (...)
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  27.  4
    Corrigendum: Positive Effects of Nature on Cognitive Performance Across Multiple Experiments: Test Order but Not Affect Modulates the Cognitive Effects.Cecilia U. D. Stenfors, Stephen C. Van Hedger, Kathryn E. Schertz, Francisco A. C. Meyer, Karen E. L. Smith, Greg J. Norman, Stefan C. Bourrier, James T. Enns, Omid Kardan, John Jonides & Marc G. Berman - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  28.  10
    Apes Submentalise.Cecilia Heyes - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (1):1-2.
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  29.  23
    Contrasting Approaches to the Legitimation of Intentional Language Within Comparative Psychology.Cecilia M. Heyes - 1987 - Behaviorism 15 (1):41-50.
    Dennett, a philosopher, and Griffin, an ethologist, have recently presented influential arguments promoting the extended use of intentional language by students of animal behavior. This essay seeks to elucidate and to contrast the claims made by each of these authors, and to evaluate their proposals primarily from the perspective of a practicing comparative psychologist or ethologist. While Griffin regards intentional terms as explanatory, Dennett assigns them a descriptive function; the issue of animal consciousness is central to Griffin's program and only (...)
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  30. Doing Aesthetics with Arendt: How to See Things.Cecilia Sjöholm - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Cecilia Sjöholm reads Hannah Arendt as a philosopher of the senses, grappling with questions of vision, hearing, and touch even in her political work. Constructing an Arendtian theory of aesthetics from the philosopher's fragmentary writings on art and perception, Sjöholm begins a vibrant new chapter in Arendt scholarship that expands her relevance for contemporary philosophers. Arendt wrote thoughtfully about the role of sensibility and aesthetic judgment in political life and on the power of art to enrich human experience. Sjöholm (...)
     
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  31.  83
    The Antigone Complex: Ethics and the Invention of Feminine Desire.Cecilia Sjoholm - 2004 - Stanford University Press.
    What if psychoanalysis had chosen Antigone rather than Oedipus? This book traces the relation between ethics and desire in important philosophical texts that focus on femininity and use Antigone as their model. It shows that the notion of feminine desire is conditioned by a view of women as being prone to excesses and deficiencies in relation to ethical norms and rules. Sjöholm explains Mary Wollstonecraft’s work, as well as readings of Antigone by G.W.F. Hegel, Martin Heidegger, Luce Irigaray, Jacques Lacan, (...)
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  32.  7
    From Animal Bodies to Human Souls : Aristotelian Animals in Della Porta’s Physiognomics.Cecilia Muratori - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (1):1-23.
    This article analyses the role that animals play in Della Porta’s method of physiognomics. It claims that Della Porta created his own, original, method by appropriating, and yet selectively adapting Aristotelian and pseudo-Aristotelian sources. This has not been adequately reconstructed before in previous studies on Della Porta. I trace, in two steps, the conceptual trajectory of Della Porta’s physiognomics, from human psychology to animal psychology, and ultimately from psychology to ethics. In the first step, I show how Della Porta substantially (...)
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  33.  28
    What Can Imitation Do for Cooperation?Cecilia Heyes - 2013 - In Kim Sterelny, Richard Joyce, Brett Calcott & Ben Fraser (eds.), Cooperation and its Evolution. MIT Press. pp. 313.
  34.  19
    The Mafia Boss Yesterday and Today: Psychological Characteristics and Research Data.Cecilia Giordano & Girolamo Lo Verso - 2015 - World Futures 71 (5-8):137-152.
    This article describes Cosa Nostra bosses’ psychological characteristics starting from research data collected over almost twenty years. Through the use of fragments of interviews to justice collaborators and their wives, children, and sisters-in-law, we analyze the boss’ role and relational context. This article also reports the results of a recent research on the relationship between boss and white-collar workers, carried out through the analysis of environmental tapping recorded at a famous Sicilian Mafia boss’ house: Giuseppe Guttadauro. This research highlights the (...)
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  35. Toll-Like Receptor Signaling in Vertebrates: Testing the Integration of Protein, Complex, and Pathway Data in the Protein Ontology Framework.Cecilia Arighi, Veronica Shamovsky, Anna Maria Masci, Alan Ruttenberg, Barry Smith, Darren Natale, Cathy Wu & Peter D’Eustachio - 2015 - PLoS ONE 10 (4):e0122978.
    The Protein Ontology (PRO) provides terms for and supports annotation of species-specific protein complexes in an ontology framework that relates them both to their components and to species-independent families of complexes. Comprehensive curation of experimentally known forms and annotations thereof is expected to expose discrepancies, differences, and gaps in our knowledge. We have annotated the early events of innate immune signaling mediated by Toll-Like Receptor 3 and 4 complexes in human, mouse, and chicken. The resulting ontology and annotation data set (...)
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  36.  12
    Cognition Blindness and Cognitive Gadgets.Cecilia Heyes - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    Responding to commentaries from psychologists, neuroscientists, philosophers, and anthropologists, I clarify a central purpose of Cognitive Gadgets – to overcome “cognition blindness” in research on human evolution. I defend this purpose against Brunerian, extended mind, and niche construction critiques of computationalism – that is, views prioritising meaning over information, or asserting that behaviour and objects can be intrinsic parts of a thinking process. I argue that empirical evidence from cognitive science is needed to locate distinctively human cognitive mechanisms on the (...)
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  37.  6
    Kristeva and the Political.Cecilia Sjoholm - 2004 - Routledge.
    Julia Kristeva is one of the most influential French thinkers of the twentieth century and is best known for her work in linguistics. Even though her work has been very influential, the political implications of her writings have so far been neglected. _Kristeva and the Political_ is the first book to explore the relation of Kristeva's work to the political and casts new light on her work, connecting her to recent developments in literary theory, political theory, and cultural studies. In (...)
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  38.  15
    Four Routes of Cognitive Evolution.Cecilia Heyes - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (4):713-727.
  39.  1
    Contingency and Units in Interaction.Cecilia E. Ford - 2004 - Discourse Studies 6 (1):27-52.
    Starting with Houtkoop and Mazeland’s study of discourse units, and touching upon recent studies aimed at detailing unit projection in interaction, this article argues that the drive toward abstract and discrete models for units and unit projection is potentially misleading. While it has been established that to engage in talk-in-interaction, as it unfolds in real time, participants rely on projectable units, research aimed at defining units unintentionally backgrounds the contingency inherent in interaction. A central function of language for collaborative action (...)
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  40.  20
    The Double Role of a Dialogue Interpreter.Cecilia Wadensjö - 1993 - Perspectives 1 (1):105-121.
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  41.  28
    Escenas Del Cuerpo Escindido: Ensayos Cruzados de Filosofía, Literatura y Arte.Cecilia Sánchez - 2005 - Editorial Cuarto Propio.
    This compilation of around 20 texts presents an heterogeneous spectrum of topics by authors such as: Diamela Eltit, Elvira Hernndez and Guadalupe Santa Cruz, among others who from a philosophical point of view the writings of George ...
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  42.  1
    The First German Philosopher.Cecilia Muratori - 2016 - Springer Verlag.
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  43.  2
    A Feminist Companion to the Posthumanities.Cecilia Åsberg & Rosi Braidotti (eds.) - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  44.  41
    Imitation: Is Cognitive Neuroscience Solving the Correspondence Problem?Marcel Brass & Cecilia Heyes - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (10):489-495.
  45.  84
    Business Ethics in Latin America.Arruda M. Cecilia - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (14):1597-1603.
    Business ethics is a relatively new topic of academic discussion in Latin America. Corruption and impunity came to be serious moral diseases in the region, probably as a result of a long period of dictatorship in most countries. Low ethical standards in the politics have had deep impact on individuals, organizations and economic systems. Excessive consumption, materialism and selfishness, in contrast with real poverty, have been responsible for a sloppiness in attitudes and principles in many Latin American countries. Even though (...)
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  46.  12
    From Nuoro to Nobel: The Impact of Multiple Mediatorship on Grazia Deledda's Movement Within the Literary Semi-Periphery.Cecilia Schwartz - 2018 - Perspectives 26 (4):526-542.
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  47.  17
    Speculative Before the Turn: Reintroducing Feminist Materialist Performativity.Cecilia Åsberg, Kathrin Thiele & Iris van der Tuin - 2015 - Cultural Studies Review 21 (2).
    This is a moment for new conversations and new synergies. While a wealth of contemporary speculative materialisms is currently circulating in academia, art and activism, in this article we focus upon a few ethico-political stakes in the different, loosely affiliated conceptions of ontologies of immanence. More specifically, we are concerned here with the very meaning of speculation itself after the many new headings of immanent ontologies, such as object-oriented ontology, speculative realism or the new materialisms. Our concern is a feminist (...)
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  48. Descartes and Leibniz on Human Free-Will and the Ability to Do Otherwise.Cecilia Wee - 2006 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (3):387-414.
    National University of Singapore, Singapore 117570.
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  49.  11
    Testing Cognitive Gadgets.Cecilia Heyes - 2019 - Mind and Language 34 (4):551-559.
    Mind &Language, Volume 34, Issue 4, Page 551-559, September 2019.
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  50.  59
    PharmAD-Ventures: A Feminist Analysis of the Pharmacological Imaginary of Alzheimer’s Disease.Cecilia Åsberg & Jennifer Lum - 2009 - Body and Society 15 (4):95-117.
    Alzheimer’s disease may be situated within a cultural landscape produced, in part, by demographics and the marketing strategies of an aggressive biopharmaceutical industry. The simultaneously corporeal and visual domain of advertisements for anti-AD drugs generates dynamic images of gender and embodiment, and it also lends itself to feminist interventions engaging with the images and ideas circulating around aging, medicine and the body. In this article, we investigate advertisements targeting medical practitioners treating patients with AD. Working within a methodological framework we (...)
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