Results for 'Akira Inoue'

403 found
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  1.  6
    Beyond a Strictly Political Liberalism?Akira Inoue - 2008 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 2 (3):1-6.
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  2.  51
    Can a Right of Self-Ownership Be Robust?Akira Inoue - 2007 - Law and Philosophy 26 (6):575-587.
    According to a renowned left-libertarian, Michael Otsuka, a libertarian right of self-ownership can be so robust that one need not sacrifice the use of one's mind and body to help others. In this article, I demonstrate that Otsuka's way of reconciling this robust conception of self-ownership with equality is not appealing and, at best, would provide limited guidance in the face of real-life uncertainty.
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  3.  27
    Can Luck Egalitarianism Serve as a Basis for Distributive Justice? A Critique of Kok-Chor Tan’s Institutional Luck Egalitarianism.Akira Inoue - 2016 - Law and Philosophy 35 (4):391-414.
    This paper examines whether Kok-Chor Tan’s institutional luck egalitarianism is successful as a pluralist luck egalitarian theory of justice and morality. In recent years, pluralist luck egalitarianism has become a salient theory of justice. Tan’s pluralist proposal for institutional luck egalitarianism is attractive because it seems to refute the metaphysical and practical challenges against luck egalitarianism. This paper demonstrates that, although Tan’s institutional luck egalitarianism is indeed a most sophisticated systematic pluralist theory of justice and morality, his argument fails because (...)
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  4.  79
    Discussion Note: Beyond a Strictly Political Liberalism? Critical Response to Abbey.Akira Inoue - manuscript
    of (from Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy).
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  5.  16
    Keith Dowding, Power, Luck and Freedom: Collected Essays: Manchester: Manchester University Press. 2017. ISBN 978-1-5261-0456-4, Pbk £24.99.Akira Inoue - 2019 - Journal of Value Inquiry 53 (4):657-662.
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  6. Keith Dowding, Power, Luck and Freedom: Collected Essays: Manchester: Manchester University Press. 2017. ISBN 978-1-5261-0456-4, Pbk £24.99.Akira Inoue - 2019 - Journal of Value Inquiry 53 (4):657-662.
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  7.  27
    Luck Vs. Capability? Testing Egalitarian Theories.Akira Inoue, Kazumi Shimizu, Daisuke Udagawa & Yoshiki Wakamatsu - 2019 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 10 (4):809-823.
    The issue of distributive justice receives substantial amount of attention in our society. On the one hand, we are sensitive to whether and the extent to which people are responsible for being worse off. On the other hand, we are mindful of society’s worst-off members. There has been a debate over luck egalitarianism, which relates to the former concern, and relational egalitarianism, which echoes the latter. By investigating the psychological processes of these two concerns, this paper examines the reliability of (...)
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  8. Responsibility for Inequalities.Akira Inoue - manuscript
    This paper aims to specify the precise conditions under which an agent is responsible for inequalities. Admittedly, the careful examination of the conditions in question has been the main focus of contemporary egalitarianism. As a matter of fact, contemporary political philosophers take responsibility to be a core conception which in principle justifies inequalities. In particular, they tend to flesh out the conception of responsibility in terms of choice, in such a way that we should hold individuals responsible for chosen inequalities (...)
     
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  9. Jissensuru Seiji Tetsugaku.Shigeki Uno, Akira Inoue & Nozomu Yamazaki (eds.) - 2012 - Nakanishiya Shuppan.
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  10. Is Moderate Essentialism Truly Moderate?A. Inoue - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (1):21-27.
    In this article, I argue that Powers and Faden’s non-ideal, comprehensive theory of justice cannot keep in line with the proposed moderateness of their essentialist approach. My argument is as follows: Powers and Faden’s comprehensive theory of justice contravenes the thrust of moderate essentialism, in claiming that their theory values health for its own sake. Why do they define their conception of justice as valuing health for its own sake when it is likely to be incongruous with their essentialist approach? (...)
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  11.  74
    How Are Visuospatial Working Memory, Executive Functioning, and Spatial Abilities Related? A Latent-Variable Analysis.Akira Miyake, Naomi P. Friedman, David A. Rettinger, Priti Shah & Mary Hegarty - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):621.
  12.  36
    A Conceptual Framework for Understanding the Effects of Corporate Social Marketing on Consumer Behavior.Yuhei Inoue & Aubrey Kent - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 121 (4):621-633.
    This theoretical paper develops a conceptual framework that explains how companies can influence consumer behavior in terms of both social and business benefits through their corporate social marketing initiatives. Drawing from the source credibility literature, the article asserts that the effectiveness of CSM depends largely on the corporate credibility of a company in supporting a social cause. Based on this assertion, the framework identifies ten different antecedents of CSM credibility, which are organized into attributes of the company, attributes of the (...)
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  13.  21
    Sense of Agency in Continuous Action: Assistance-Induced Performance Improvement is Self-Attributed Even with Knowledge of Assistance.Kazuya Inoue, Yuji Takeda & Motohiro Kimura - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 48:246-252.
  14.  16
    Endangerment of the iPSC Stock Project in Japan: On the Ethics of Public Funding Policies.Akira Akabayashi, Eisuke Nakazawa & Nancy S. Jecker - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):700-702.
    We examined the ethical justification for a national policy governing public funding for the induced pluripotent stem cell stock project in Japan and argue that the initiation of the iPSC stock project in 2012, when no clinical trial using iPSC-derived products had yet succeeded, was premature and unethical. Our analysis considers a generally accepted justice criterion and shows it fails to justify public funding of the iPSC stock project. We also raise concerns related to the massive amounts of public funding (...)
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  15.  39
    Hyper-Active Gap Filling.Akira Omaki, Ellen F. Lau, Imogen Davidson White, Myles L. Dakan, Aaron Apple & Colin Phillips - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  16.  46
    Informed Consent Revisited: Japan and the U.S.Akira Akabayashi & Brian Taylor Slingsby - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):9 – 14.
    Informed consent, decision-making styles and the role of patient-physician relationships are imperative aspects of clinical medicine worldwide. We present the case of a 74-year-old woman afflicted with advanced liver cancer whose attending physician, per request of the family, did not inform her of her true diagnosis. In our analysis, we explore the differences in informed-consent styles between patients who hold an "independent" and "interdependent" construal of the self and then highlight the possible implications maintained by this position in the context (...)
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  17.  35
    Combinatory Rules and Chunk Structure in Male Mueller’s Gibbon Songs.Yoichi Inoue, Waidi Sinun, Shigeto Yosida & Kazuo Okanoya - 2017 - Latest Issue of Interaction Studies 18 (1):1-25.
    Understanding whether the long and elaborate songs of male gibbons have syntax and hierarchical structures is an interesting question in the evolution of language, because gibbons are near humans in the phylogenetic tree and a hierarchically organized syntax is considered to be a basic component of human language. We conducted field research at Danum Valley Conservation Area in northern Borneo to test the hypothesis that gibbon songs have syntax and chunks. We followed one Mueller’s gibbon group for 1 week in (...)
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  18.  35
    Computational Exploration of Metaphor Comprehension Processes Using a Semantic Space Model.Akira Utsumi - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (2):251-296.
    Recent metaphor research has revealed that metaphor comprehension involves both categorization and comparison processes. This finding has triggered the following central question: Which property determines the choice between these two processes for metaphor comprehension? Three competing views have been proposed to answer this question: the conventionality view (Bowdle & Gentner, 2005), aptness view (Glucksberg & Haught, 2006b), and interpretive diversity view (Utsumi, 2007); these views, respectively, argue that vehicle conventionality, metaphor aptness, and interpretive diversity determine the choice between the categorization (...)
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  19.  33
    Is Asian Bioethics Really the Solution?Akira Akabayashi, Satoshi Kodama & Brian Taylor Slingsby - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (3):270-272.
    Today Asia is attracting attention in the area of bioethics. In fact, the potential of bioethics is beginning to be discussed seriously at academic centers across Asia. In Japan, this discussion began a decade ago with the publication The book is one of the principal explorations of biomedical ethics involving Japan to date. Tom Beauchamp, an author of one of the book's chapters, compares Japanese and American standards of informed consent and refutes relativistic positions, concluding that.
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  20.  44
    Ethics in Developing Economies of Asia.Akira Takahashi - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (3):33-45.
    This essay aims to deepen our comprehension of the economic ethics of different peoples in Asia, as well as realizing a degree of cultural relativism, in order to enhance amicable economic associations. It counterbalances the conventionally strong West-oriented views which regard exotic features of non-Western economies as backward and illogical elements that disturb smooth and orthodox development and, hence, should be eradicated. The author, first, recalls a number of facts which depict the eruptive economic transformation in Asia. He, then, criticizes (...)
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  21.  14
    From Outer Space to Earth—The Social Significance of Isolated and Confined Environment Research in Human Space Exploration.Koji Tachibana, Shoichi Tachibana & Natsuhiko Inoue - 2017 - Acta Astronautica 140:273-283.
    Human space exploration requires massive budgets every fiscal year. Especially under severe financial constraint conditions, governments are forced to justify to society why spending so much tax revenue for human space exploration is worth the cost. The value of human space exploration might be estimated in many ways, but its social significance and cost-effectiveness are two key ways to gauge that worth. Since these measures should be applied country by country because sociopolitical conditions differ in each country and must be (...)
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  22.  40
    The Development of a Brief and Objective Method for Evaluating Moral Sensitivity and Reasoning in Medical Students.Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby, Ichiro Kai, Tadashi Nishimura & Akiko Yamagishi - 2004 - BMC Medical Ethics 5 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundMost medical schools in Japan have incorporated mandatory courses on medical ethics. To this date, however, there is no established means of evaluating medical ethics education in Japan. This study looks 1) To develop a brief, objective method of evaluation for moral sensitivity and reasoning; 2) To conduct a test battery for the PIT and the DIT on medical students who are either currently in school or who have recently graduated (residents); 3) To investigate changes in moral sensitivity and reasoning (...)
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  23.  43
    Perspectives on Advance Directives in Japanese Society: A Population-Based Questionnaire Survey.Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Ichiro Kai - 2003 - BMC Medical Ethics 4 (1):5.
    BackgroundIn Japan, discussion concerning advance directives has been on the rise during the past decade. ADs are one method proposed to facilitate the process of communication among patients, families and health care providers regarding the plan of care of a patient who is no longer capable of communicating. In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan.MethodA self-administered questionnaire was sent via mail to a (...)
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  24.  9
    A Global Dialogue on Withholding and Withdrawal of Medical Care: An East Asian Perspective.Akira Akabayashi, Reina Ozeki-Hayashi, Keiichiro Yamamoto & Eisuke Nakazawa - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):50-52.
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  25.  56
    The Separability of Working Memory Resources for Spatial Thinking and Language Processing: An Individual Differences Approach.Priti Shah & Akira Miyake - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 125 (1):4.
  26.  6
    Pro-Environmental Behavior in the Workplace: A Review of Empirical Studies and Directions for Future Research. [REVIEW]Yuhei Inoue & Priscila Alfaro-Barrantes - 2015 - Business and Society Review 120 (1):137-160.
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  27.  16
    The Relations Among Inhibition and Interference Control Functions: A Latent-Variable Analysis.Naomi P. Friedman & Akira Miyake - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (1):101-135.
  28.  7
    Effect of Solute Atoms on Fracture Toughness in Dilute Magnesium Alloys.Hidetoshi Somekawa, Tadanobu Inoue & Kaneaki Tsuzaki - 2013 - Philosophical Magazine 93 (36):4582-4592.
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  29.  23
    Biomedical Ethics in Japan: The Second Stage.Akira Akabayashi & Brian T. Slingsby - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (3):261-264.
    In Japan, modern biomedical ethics emerged in the early 1980s. One of the main triggers was the nationwide debate on organ transplantation and brain death. A lengthy process of academic, religious, and political discussion concerning organ transplantation, lasting well over a few decades, resulted in the enactment of the Organ Transplantation Law in 1997.1 The defining of death and other bioethical issues, including death with dignity and euthanasia, were also stimulating topics throughout the latter end of the twentieth century. For (...)
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  30.  14
    Individual Differences in Executive Functions Are Almost Entirely Genetic in Origin.Naomi P. Friedman, Akira Miyake, Susan E. Young, John C. DeFries, Robin P. Corley & John K. Hewitt - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 137 (2):201-225.
  31.  6
    Intergroup and Intragroup Antiphonal Songs in Wild Male Mueller’s Gibbons.Yoichi Inoue, Waidi Sinun, Shigeto Yosida & Kazuo Okanoya - 2013 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 14 (1):24-43.
    Mueller’s gibbons sing both sex-specific and duet songs. These songs are thought to be involved in territory maintenance, as well as the maintenance of pair or family bonds. However, few observational studies have examined how gibbons interact with their neighbors through song in the wild. We have been conducting field observations of wild gibbon groups in northeast Borneo since 2001. In the Borneo Rainforest Lodge and Danum Valley Field Center at the Danum Valley Conservation Area, we observed seven episodes of (...)
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  32.  35
    Cadaveric Donation and the Family: Perspectives From the Legal History of Japan.Yusuke Inoue & Hyunsoo Hong - 2009 - Asian Bioethics Review 1 (4):342-353.
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  33.  70
    Perspectives on Advance Directives in Japanese Society: A Population-Based Questionnaire Survey. [REVIEW]Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Ichiro Kai - 2003 - BMC Medical Ethics 4 (1):1-9.
    Background In Japan, discussion concerning advance directives (ADs) has been on the rise during the past decade. ADs are one method proposed to facilitate the process of communication among patients, families and health care providers regarding the plan of care of a patient who is no longer capable of communicating. In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan. Method A self-administered questionnaire was sent (...)
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  34.  53
    An Eight-Year Follow-Up National Study of Medical School and General Hospital Ethics Committees in Japan.Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby, Noriko Nagao, Ichiro Kai & Hajime Sato - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.
    Background Ethics committees and their system of research protocol peer-review are currently used worldwide. To ensure an international standard for research ethics and safety, however, data is needed on the quality and function of each nation's ethics committees. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and developments of ethics committees established at medical schools and general hospitals in Japan. Methods This study consisted of four national surveys sent twice over a period of eight years to two separate (...)
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  35.  10
    Crack Propagation Behaviour in Magnesium Binary Alloys.Hidetoshi Somekawa, Alok Singh, Tadanobu Inoue & Kaneaki Tsuzaki - 2014 - Philosophical Magazine 94 (29):3317-3330.
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  36.  13
    The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues.Akira Akabayashi (ed.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first book to bring West and East together in a broad investigation of contemporary bioethics. A distinguished international team of experts presents original research addressing issues that emerge from new medical technologies, address global challenges arising from social change, and set the agenda for the future.
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  37. The Origin of the Indirect Passions in the Treatise: An Analogy Between Books 1 and 2.Haruko Inoue - 2003 - Hume Studies 29 (2):205-221.
  38.  36
    Conflict of Interest: A Japanese Perspective.Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Yoshiyuki Takimoto - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (3):277-280.
    Until recently, many of Japan's medical and bioethical communities had ignored the issue of conflicts of interest . This is no longer the case. Discussion on the economic and ethical problems defined by CIs is now apparent in academic, political, and even industrial spheres. In June 2004, this debate was sparked by a scandal involving AnGes MG, Inc., a bioventure company set up by a faculty member at Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine. AnGes MG developed a gene therapy using (...)
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  39.  14
    Individual Differences in Working Memory: Introduction to the Special Section.Akira Miyake - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (2):163.
  40.  13
    Bioethics in Japan, 1980-2009: Importation, Development, and the Future.Akira Akabayashi - 2009 - Asian Bioethics Review 1 (3):267-278.
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  41.  11
    Wh‐in‐Situ Languages.Akira Watanabe - 2001 - In Mark Baltin & Chris Collins (eds.), The Handbook of Contemporary Syntactic Theory. Blackwell. pp. 203--225.
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  42.  3
    Embodied Habitus.S. Inoue - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):229-231.
  43.  35
    Predicting Word Reading and Comprehension with Executive Function and Speed Measures Across Development: A Latent Variable Analysis.Micaela E. Christopher, Akira Miyake, Janice M. Keenan, Bruce Pennington, John C. DeFries, Sally J. Wadsworth, Erik Willcutt & Richard K. Olson - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (3):470-488.
  44.  13
    On an Axiomatic System of the Infinitely Many‐Valued Threshold Predicate Calculi.Akira Nakamura - 1963 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 9 (21):321-329.
  45. Japanese Youth Culture Today: "Play" as a Way of Life.Syun Inoue - 1973 - Diogenes 21 (84):84-100.
  46.  8
    Understanding of Interface or Neurotransmitter Between Cerebral Lobes and Parts of Speech in Inter-Language Interpreting Answers Super-Language Interpreting Theory and Psychotherapy.Inoue Yoshinori - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  47. The Philosophical World of Meiji Japan: The Philosophy of Organism and Its Genealogy.Inoue Katsuhito & Takeshi Morisato - 2016 - European Journal of Japanese Philosophy 1:9-30.
    Originally published as 「明治の哲学界:有機体の哲学とその系譜」in 井上克人編『豊饒なる明治』, Kansai Daigaku Shuppannbu, 2012, 3–22. Translated by Morisato Takeshi. German Idealism was introduced to Japanese intellectuals in the middle of Meiji era and was mainly received from a mystical or religious perspective, as we see in Inoue Tetsujirō’s “harmonious existence,” Inoue Enryō’s “unity of mind and body,” and Kiyozawa Manshi’s “existentialism.” Since these theories envisioned true reality as a unified and living whole, I group them under the label “philosophy of organism” and from (...)
     
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  48.  16
    Visualization of Balancing Systems Based on Naïve Psychological Approaches.Akira Notsu, Hidetomo Ichihashi, Katsuhiro Honda & Osamu Katai - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (2):281-296.
    In this paper, we propose a novel medium for interactions based on an interpersonal psychological approach referred to as ‘naïve psychology’. We adopt the visual assessment of clustering tendency (VAT) to naïve psychology for the visual understanding of other people. The VAT algorithm produces a visual display that can be used to assess clustering tendencies in a set of persons (notions) by reconstructing a digital image representation of a square relational dissimilarity matrix for its set. This algorithm clearly represents two (...)
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  49.  47
    A Five Year Follow-Up National Study of Ethics Committees in Medical Organizations in Japan.Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby, Noriko Nagao, Ichiro Kai & Hajime Sato - 2008 - HEC Forum 20 (1):49-60.
    Compared to institutional and area-based ethics committees, little is known about the structure and activities performed by ethics committees at national medical organizations and societies. This five year follow-up study aimed to determine (1) the creation and function of ethics committees at medical organizations in Japan, and (2) their general strategies to deal with ethical problems. The study sample included the member societies of the Japanese Association of Medical Sciences (n=92 in 1998, n=96 in 2003). Instruments consisted of two sections: (...)
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  50.  14
    Grain Boundary Relaxation in Fine-Grained Magnesium Solid Solutions.Hiroyuki Watanabe, Akira Owashi, Tokuteru Uesugi, Yorinobu Takigawa & Kenji Higashi - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (32):4158-4171.
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