Results for 'S. I. Melnyk'

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  1. Fundamental Measurements in Economics and in the Theory of Consciousness.S. I. Melnyk & I. G. Tuluzov - manuscript
    A new constructivist approach to modeling in economics and theory of consciousness is proposed. The state of elementary object is defined as a set of its measurable consumer properties. A proprietor's refusal or consent for the offered transaction is considered as a result of elementary economic measurement. Elementary (indivisible) technology, in which the object's consumer values are variable, in this case can be formalized as a generalized economic measurement. The algebra of such measurements has been constructed. It has been shown (...)
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  2. Searle's Abstract Argument Against Strong AI.Andrew Melnyk - 1996 - Synthese 108 (3):391-419.
    Discussion of Searle's case against strong AI has usually focused upon his Chinese Room thought-experiment. In this paper, however, I expound and then try to refute what I call his abstract argument against strong AI, an argument which turns upon quite general considerations concerning programs, syntax, and semantics, and which seems not to depend on intuitions about the Chinese Room. I claim that this argument fails, since it assumes one particular account of what a program is. I suggest an alternative (...)
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  3.  1
    Revising Anthropocentrism of Technics in the Light of the 21st Century New Anthropological Models.V. P. Melnyk & U. I. Lushch-Purii - 2022 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 21:72-83.
    Purpose. To substantiate the definition of technics as the attributive characteristics of a human being and the necessity of its orientation towards human flourishing in the context of new anthropological models of the 21st century. Theoretical basis. Correlation between technics, technology and the human essence is examined. The role of technics is traced at different historical stages of human development. Negative and positive effects of digital technology development upon a contemporary human being is analysed in the light of new anthropological (...)
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  4.  61
    The Prospects for Kirk's Non-Reductive Physicalism.Andrew Melnyk - 1998 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 76 (2):323-32.
    Using the notion of strict implication, Robert Kirk claims to have formulated a version of physicalism which is nonreductive. I argue that, depending on how his notion of strict implication is interpreted, Kirk's formulation either fails to be physicalist or else commits him to reductionism. Either way we do not have nonreductive physicalism. I also suggest that the reductionism to which Kirk is committed, though unfashionable, is unobjectionable.
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  5.  43
    The Prospects for Dretske's Account of the Explanatory Role of Belief.Andrew Melnyk - 1996 - Mind and Language 11 (2):203-15.
    When a belief is cited as part of the explanation of an agent’s behaviour, it seems that the belief is explanatorily relevant in virtue of its content. In his Explaining Behavior, Dretske presents an account of belief, content, and explanation according to which this can be so. I supply some examples of beliefs whose explanatory relevance in virtue of content apparently cannot be accounted for in the Dretskean way. After considering some possible responses to this challenge, I end by discussing (...)
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  6.  16
    Beyond Adaptation and Anthropomorphism.Danika Drury-Melnyk - 2017 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 21 (2/3):363-385.
    This paper attempts to bring the work of Gilbert Simondon into conversation with contemporary discourse on climate change and the Anthropocene. Though his work pre-dates the coining of the term, Simondon, with his non-anthropomorphic view of technology, is in many ways a philosopher of the Anthropocene. In this paper I contrast Simondon’s philosophy to the popular idea that technology is something we can use to adapt to the practical problems of the Anthropocene. I will begin by looking briefly at the (...)
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  7.  4
    An Interpretation of Value Change: A Philosophical Disquisition of Climate Change and Energy Transition Debate.Anna Melnyk - 2022 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 47 (3):404-428.
    Changing values may give rise to intergenerational conflicts, like in the ongoing climate change and energy transition debate. This essay focuses on the interpretative question of how this value change can best be understood. To elucidate the interpretation of value change, two philosophical perspectives on value are introduced: Berlin’s value pluralism and Dworkin’s interpretivism. While both authors do not explicitly discuss value change, I argue that their perspectives can be used for interpreting value change in the case of climate change (...)
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  8. Inference to the Best Explanation and Other Minds.Andrew Melnyk - 1994 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (4):482-91.
    Robert Pargetter has argued that we know other minds through an inference to the best explanation. My aim is to show, by criticising Pargetter's account, that this approach to the problem of other minds cannot, as it stands, deliver the goods; it might be part of the right response to the problem, but it cannot be the whole story. More precisely, I will claim that Pargetter does not successfully reconstruct how ordinary people in everyday life come reasonably to believe in (...)
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  9.  87
    Testament of a Recovering Eliminativist.Andrew Melnyk - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):S185-S193.
    If physicalism is true (e.g., if every event is a fundamental-physical event), then it looks as if there is a fundamental-physical explanation of everything. If so, then what is to become of special scientific explanations? They seem to be excluded by the fundamental-physical ones, and indeed to be excellent candidates for elimination. I argue that, if physicalism is true, there probably is a fundamental-physical explanation of everything, but that nevertheless there can perfectly well be special scientific explanations as well, notwithstanding (...)
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  10. Naturalism as a Philosophical Paradigm.Andrew Melnyk - 2009 - Philo 12 (2):188-199.
    I develop the conjecture that “naturalism” in philosophy names not a thesis but a paradigm in something like Thomas Kuhn’s sense, i.e., a set of commitments, shared by a group of investigators, whose acceptance by the members of the group powerfully influences their day-to-day investigative practice. I take a stab at spelling out the shared commitments that make up naturalism, and the logical and evidential relations among them.
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  11.  47
    Physicalism, Ordinary Objects, and Identity.Andrew Melnyk - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Research 20:221-235.
    Any philosopher sympathetic to physicaIism (or materiaIism) will allow that there is some sense in which ordinary objects---tables and chairs, etc.---are physicaI. But what sense, exactly? John Post holds a view implying that every ordinary object is identical with some or other spatio-temporal sum of fundamental entities. I begin by deploying a modal argument intended to show that ordinary objects, for example elephants, are not identical with spatio-temporal sums of such entities. Then I claim that appeal to David Lewis’s counterpart (...)
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  12.  50
    Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious. A Critical Study of Elias E. Savellos and Umit D. Yalçin (Eds.) Supervenience: New Essays. [REVIEW]Andrew Melnyk - 1999 - Noûs 33 (1):144–154.
    This critical study aims mainly to do two things: (i) throw some cold water on the claim that supervenience can be used to formulate a doctrine of non-reductive physicalism, and (ii) rebut an argument for physicalism offered (separately) by David Papineau and Barry Loewer. -/- The title alludes to the following lyric from "Mary Poppins", and was intended to hint that there is less to supervenience than meets the eye: -/- It's supercalifragilisticexpialidocious Even though the sound of it is something (...)
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  13. Philosophy and the Study of its History.Andrew Melnyk - 2008 - Metaphilosophy 39 (2):203–219.
    This paper is guided by, and begins to make plausible, the idea that there can be a naturalistic metaphilosophy, i.e., an inquiry that takes philosophy as an object of study in something like the way that contemporary (naturalistic) philosophy of science takes science as an object of study. The paper’s more specific goal is to ventilate certain provocative speculations concerning the character of philosophy’s cognitive achievement, especially over time. But this more specific goal will be approached indirectly, through addressing in (...)
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  14.  85
    Realization Realized. [REVIEW]Andrew Melnyk - 2009 - Philosophical Books 50 (3):185-195.
    This is a critical study of Sydney Shoemaker's, Physical Realization (Oxford University Press, 2007). It focuses on (i) the relationship between his subset theory of realization and the higher-order property theory of realization, and (ii) his attempt to solve the problem of mental causation.
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  15.  78
    Review of Jaegwon Kim, Physicalism, or Something Near Enough[REVIEW]Andrew Melnyk - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (7-17).
    This is a review of Jaegwon Kim's Physicalism, Or Something Near Enough. It focuses (i) on his claim that mental properties can be causally efficacious only if they are, in a certain sense, functionally reducible to the physical, and (ii) on his criticisms of best-explanation arguments for physicalism as advocated by, e.g., Christopher Hill and Brian McLaughlin.
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  16.  34
    One World and the Many Sciences: A Defence of Physicalism.Andrew Melnyk - 1991 - Dissertation, Oxford University
    The subject of this thesis is physicalism, understood not as some particular doctrine pertaining narrowly to the philosophy of mind, but rather as a quite general metaphysical claim to the effect that everything is, or is fundamentally, physical. Thus physicalism explicates the thought that in some sense physics is the basic science. The aim of the thesis is to defend a particular brand of physicalism, which I call eliminative type physicalism. It claims, roughly, that every property is a physical property, (...)
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  17.  14
    Physicalism, Ordinary Objects, and Identity.Andrew Melnyk - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Research 20:221-235.
    Any philosopher sympathetic to physicaIism will allow that there is some sense in which ordinary objects---tables and chairs, etc.---are physicaI. But what sense, exactly? John Post holds a view implying that every ordinary object is identical with some or other spatio-temporal sum of fundamental entities. I begin by deploying a modal argument intended to show that ordinary objects, for example elephants, are not identical with spatio-temporal sums of such entities. Then I claim that appeal to David Lewis’s counterpart theory, even (...)
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  18. Prospects for a More Cognitive Ethology.S. I. Yoerg & A. C. Kamil - 1991 - In C. A. Ristau (ed.), Cognitive Ethology: The Minds of Other Animals. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 273--289.
     
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  19. Dialekticheskiĭ I Istoricheskiĭ Materializm I Sovremennostʹ.Vladimir Akimovich At︠s︡i︠u︡kovskiĭ - 2005 - "Petit".
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  20.  8
    Politics and Vision: Continuity and Innovation in Western Political Thought.S. I. Benn & Sheldon S. Wolin - 1962 - Philosophical Review 71 (1):106.
  21. Kant’s “I Think” and the Agential Approach to Self-Knowledge.Houston Smit - 2019 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 49 (7):980-1011.
    ABSTRACTThis paper relates Kant’s account of pure apperception to the agential approach to self-knowledge. It argues that his famous claim ‘The I think must be able to accompany all of my represent...
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  22.  72
    VI—Freedom, Autonomy and the Concept of a Person.S. I. Benn - 1976 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 76 (1):109-130.
  23. Lenin I Fizika Sbornik Statei.S. I. Vavilov - 1960 - Izd-Vo Akademii Nauk Sssr.
     
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  24. Being Free to Act, and Being a Free Man.S. I. Benn & W. L. Weinstein - 1971 - Mind 80 (318):194-211.
  25. Biography - S. I. Vavilov.S. N. Gorelov - 1947 - Synthese 5 (9-10):422.
     
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  26. Wickedness.S. I. Benn - 1985 - Ethics 95 (4):795-810.
  27. Czym są i gdzie bytują obiektywne wartości moralne.S. I. Ślipko - 1997 - Etyka 30.
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  28. Kommunikat͡sii͡a I Obrazovanie.S. I. Dudnik (ed.) - 2004 - Sankt-Peterburgskoe Filosofskoe Ob-Vo.
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  29.  38
    An Approach to the Problems of Punishment.S. I. Benn - 1958 - Philosophy 33 (127):325 - 341.
    I SHALL develop, in this article, certain distinctions suggested by recent contributions to the philosophical discussion of punishment, which help to clarify the issues involved. Having separated out what I consider the four central philosophical questions, I shall suggest an approach to them, which, while mainly utilitarian, takes due account, I believe, of the retributivist case where it is strongest, and meets the main retributivist objections.
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  30. Humphrey's Paradox and the Interpretation of Inverse Conditional Propensities.Christopher S. I. Mccurdy - 1996 - Synthese 108 (1):105 - 125.
    The aim of this paper is to distinguish between, and examine, three issues surrounding Humphreys's paradox and interpretation of conditional propensities. The first issue involves the controversy over the interpretation of inverse conditional propensities — conditional propensities in which the conditioned event occurs before the conditioning event. The second issue is the consistency of the dispositional nature of the propensity interpretation and the inversion theorems of the probability calculus, where an inversion theorem is any theorem of probability that makes explicit (...)
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  31.  13
    Alzheimer's Disease: Disruption of Mind-Brain Relations.S. I. Rapoport - 1992 - In Y. Christen & P. S. Churchland (eds.), Neurophilosophy and Alzheimer's Disease. Springer Verlag. pp. 86--107.
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  32.  4
    Lucretius's Physics.S. I. Vavilov - 1948 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 9:21.
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  33. Kant's "I Think" Versus Descartes' "I Am a Thing That Thinks".Béatrice Longuenesse - 2008 - In Daniel Garber & Béatrice Longuenesse (eds.), Kant and the Early Moderns. Princeton University Press. pp. 9--31.
  34.  15
    S. I. Adán. Problema algoritma . Nauka i žizn′, no. 8 , pp. 13–14.Ann S. Ferebee - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (3):540.
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  35. Language in Thought and Action.S. I. Hayakawa, Leo Hamalian & Geoffrey Wagner - 1968 - Foundations of Language 4 (2):192-199.
  36.  32
    Evidence Based Medicine Guidelines: A Solution to Rationing or Politics Disguised as Science?S. I. Saarni - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):171-175.
    “Evidence based medicine” is often seen as a scientific tool for quality improvement, even though its application requires the combination of scientific facts with value judgments and the costing of different treatments. How this is done depends on whether we approach the problem from the perspective of individual patients, doctors, or public health administrators. Evidence based medicine exerts a fundamental influence on certain key aspects of medical professionalism. Since, when clinical practice guidelines are created, costs affect the content of EBM, (...)
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  37.  8
    Buddhism and Healing: Demieville's Article "Byo" From "Hobogirin". [REVIEW]S. I. Shapiro - 1986 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 6:161.
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  38. De la forme du jugement d'apres S. Thomas.S. I. Joseph MarÉchal - 1923 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 15 (2/3):156.
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  39.  2
    Dimensions of Meaning.S. I. Hayakawa - 1970 - Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.
    General semantics and the cold war mentality, by S. I. Hayakawa.--The talking tribes, by W. Johnson.--On a certain sort of disagreement, by I. J. Lee.--Serial communication of information in organizations, by W. V. Haney.--The cultural roots of bragmatics, by C. M. Babcock.--Images of the consumer's mind on and off Madison Avenue, by M. Rokeach.--Semantics and sexuality, by S. I. Hayakawa.--The magic word in Nazi persuasion, by H. A. Bosmajian.--Freedom and commitment, by C. R. Rogers.--Bibliography (p. 63).
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  40. Kant's 'I' in 'I Ought To' and Freud's Superego.Béatrice Longuenesse - 2012 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):19-39.
    There are striking structural similarities between Freud's ego and Kant's transcendental unity of apperception, which for Kant grounds our use of ‘I’ in ‘I think’. There are also striking similarities between Freud's superego and Kant's account of the mental structure that grounds our use of ‘I’ in the moral ‘I ought to’. The paper explores these similarities on three main points: the conflict of motivations internal to the mind, the relation between discursive and pre-discursive representation of moral motivation, and the (...)
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  41. Merely Verbal Disputes.C. S. I. Jenkins - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S1):11-30.
    Philosophers readily talk about merely verbal disputes, usually without much or any explicit reflection on what these are, and a good deal of methodological significance is attached to discovering whether a dispute is merely verbal or not. Currently, metaphilosophical advances are being made towards a clearer understanding of what exactly it takes for something to be a merely verbal dispute. This paper engages with this growing literature, pointing out some problems with existing approaches, and develops a new proposal which builds (...)
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  42. Commentary on Lawrence Blum's "I'm Not a Racist, But...": The Moral Quandary of Race. [REVIEW]Edmund F. Byrne - 2004 - Social Philosophy Today 19:239-241.
    A complimentary assessment of Blum's award-winning book about racism and its affects. Well written as it is, it needs to be supplemented with a definition of racial injustice, and also to analyze racism not only on the level of individual morality but from a human rights perspective that discredits political and economic motives for racism (e.g., by drawing on Hannah Arendt's Origins of Totalitarianism).
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  43.  14
    Ethically Problematic Treatment Decisions in Different Medical Specialties.S. I. Saarni, R. Halila, P. Palmu & J. Vanska - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):262-267.
    Background: Ethical dilemmas are an integral part of medicine. Whether physicians actually feel that they have made ethically problematic treatment decisions or choices in their work is largely unknown. Identifying physicians with ethical problems, and the types of problems and underlying factors, might benefit organisational and educational efforts to help physicians solve ethical dilemmas in a constructive way. We investigated how the frequency and types of ethically difficult treatment decisions vary by specialty.Method: A mail survey of all non-retired Finnish physicians (...)
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  44.  46
    What Love Is: And What It Could Be.Carrie S. I. Jenkins - 2017 - Basic Books.
    This book unpicks the conceptual, ideological, and metaphysical tangles that get in the way of understanding romantic love. -/- Written for a general audience, What Love Is And What It Could Be explores different disciplinary perspectives on love, in search of the bigger picture. It presents a "dual-nature" theory: romantic love is simultaneously both a biological phenomenon and a social construct. The key philosophical insight comes in explaining why this a coherent—and indeed a necessary—position to take. -/- The deep motivation (...)
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  45. The Mind's I: Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul.Douglas R. Hofstadter & Daniel Clement Dennett (eds.) - 1981 - New York: Basic Books.
    Essays from some of the 20th century's greatest thinkers explore topics as diverse as artificial intelligence, evolution, science fiction, philosophy, reductionism, and consciousness, presenting a variety of conflicting visions of the self and the soul. Illustrations.
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  46.  18
    Estimating the Strength of Single-Ended Dislocation Sources in Micron-Sized Single Crystals.S. I. Rao, D. M. Dimiduk, M. Tang, M. D. Uchic, T. A. Parthasarathy & C. Woodward - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (30):4777-4794.
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  47. O pojęciu celowości w biologii.S. I. Witkiewicz - 1973 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 19.
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  48. O przyczynowości w związku z poglądem biologicznego monadyzmu.S. I. Witkiewicz - 1973 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 19.
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  49. Korespondencja S. i M. Ossowskich.T. D. Woyciechowska - 2001 - Ruch Filozoficzny 3 (3-4).
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  50.  1
    Review: S. I. Adan, Problema Algoritma (Problem of Algorithm). [REVIEW]Ann S. Ferebee - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (3):540-540.
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