Results for 'Nicola Carraro'

(not author) ( search as author name )
960 found
Order:
  1.  16
    How Did Anaximander Become a Material Monist?Nicola Carraro - 2016 - Rhizomata 4 (2):154-175.
  2.  16
    Aristotle’s Embryology and Ackrill’s Problem.Nicola Carraro - 2017 - Phronesis 62 (3):274-304.
    Ackrill’s Problem is a tension between Aristotle’s alleged view that the matter of a living being is a body that is essentially ensouled, and his view that the matter of a substance preexists its generation. Most interpreters solve the tension by claiming that the subject of substantial generation is not the organic body of the living being, but its non-organic matter. I defend a different solution by showing that the embryological theory ofOn the Generation of Animalsimplies that the organic body (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  33
    Shields The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle. Pp. Xx + 710. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. Cased, £95, US$150. ISBN: 978-0-19-518748-9. [REVIEW]Nicola Carraro - 2014 - The Classical Review 64 (1):75-77.
  4.  23
    Dualisers in Aristotle’s Biology.Nicola Carraro - 2019 - Apeiron 52 (2):137-165.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  32
    Does Christianity Demean the Body and Deny the Value of Sport? – A Provocative Thesis.Stefano Scarpa & Attilio Nicola Carraro - 2011 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (2):110 - 123.
    According to a thesis which is today authoritatively supported by some authors, the scarce recognition given to sport sciences in our culture should be ascribed to Christianity. This paper, in addition to attempting to refute this thesis, wishes to enrich the epistemological background of the emerging areas of research, to which sport belongs, with the perspective of a full appreciation of the value of man and of his corporeity. The argument develops in two main directions: the first aims at bringing (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  24
    Should Deceased Donation Be Morally Preferred in Uterine Transplantation Trials?Nicola Williams - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (6):415-424.
    In recent years much research has been undertaken regarding the feasibility of the human uterine transplant as a treatment for absolute uterine factor infertility. Should it reach clinical application this procedure would allow such individuals what is often a much-desired opportunity to become not only social mothers, or genetic and social mothers but mothers in a social, genetic and gestational sense. Like many experimental transplantation procedures such as face, hand, corneal and larynx transplants, UTx as a therapeutic option falls firmly (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  7.  49
    Attitudes to Animals: Demographics Within a Community Sample.Nicola Taylor & Tania Signal - 2006 - Society and Animals 14 (2):147-157.
    The results of various studies have suggested a range of demographic and personality variables that may affect attitudes toward the treatment of nonhuman species; however, the literature has reached little consensus. Various limited populations have used The Attitude to Animals Scale, developed initially by Herzog, Betchart, and Pittman, as a quantitative measure of attitudes toward the treatment of nonhuman species. The current study administered the AAS to a large community sample within Australia, resulting in approximately 600 respondents. The study found (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  8.  11
    Deceased Donation in Uterus Transplantation Trials: Novelty, Consent, and Surrogate Decision Making.Nicola Jane Williams - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (7):18-20.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  9.  37
    Is Self-Identity Essential to Objects?Nicola Spinelli - 2019 - Synthese:1-17.
    A common view is that self-identity is essential to objects if anything is. Itself a substantive metaphysical view, this is a position of some import in wider debates, particularly in connection with such problems as physicalism and personal identity. In this article I challenge the view. I distinguish between two accounts of essence, the modal and the definitional, and argue that self-identity is essential to objects on the former but not on the latter. After laying out my case, I deal (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  45
    What is the Harm in Harmful Conception? On Threshold Harms in Non-Identity Cases.Nicola J. Williams & John Harris - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (5):337-351.
    Has the time come to put to bed the concept of a harm threshold when discussing the ethics of reproductive decision making and the legal limits that should be placed upon it? In this commentary, we defend the claim that there exist good moral reasons, despite the conclusions of the non-identity problem, based on the interests of those we might create, to refrain from bringing to birth individuals whose lives are often described in the philosophical literature as ‘less than worth (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  11.  3
    Estetica Ecologica. Percepire Saggio, Vivere Corrispondente di Nicola Perullo.Nicola Perullo, Manlio Iofrida & Giovanni Fava - 2020 - Aisthesis. Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 13 (1):181-192.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  32
    Deleuze's Aesthetic Answer to Heraclitus: The Logic of Sensation.Filippo Carraro - 2014 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 8 (1):45-69.
    The painter Francis Bacon and the philosopher Gilles Deleuze agree with Heraclitus: any phenomenon is constituted of movement or becoming and no appearance endures. I read Francis Bacon, The Logic of Sensation from the perspective of the Heraclitean flux. This allows me to show the eminent role of forces in the work of Deleuze, which he inherits from the Greek philosopher. I point at sensation as Deleuze's re-thinking of the notion of becoming. ‘How can an artist make an object endure?’ (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Fray Íñigo de Mendoza y fray Ambrosio Montesino: un estudio sobre dos poetas marianos.Sara Carraro - 1995 - Naturaleza y Gracia: Revista Cuatrimestral de Ciencias Eclesiásticas 1:237-299.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. New Directions in the Economic Theory of the Environment.Carlo Carraro & Domenico Siniscalco (eds.) - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    First published in 1997, this volume addressed the growing preoccupation of scientists at the time had in environmental phenomena, such as global warming, ozone layer depletion, acid rains, fresh water and ocean pollution, desertification, deforestation and the loss of bio-diversity. The crucial and pressing nature of these issues spawned says the author a new wave of research in environmental economics. The volume provides broad surveys of the developments in the economics of the environment and reports on the developing set of (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. The Social Value of Health Research and the Worst Off.Nicola Barsdorf & Joseph Millum - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (2):105-115.
    In this article we argue that the social value of health research should be conceptualized as a function of both the expected benefits of the research and the priority that the beneficiaries deserve. People deserve greater priority the worse off they are. This conception of social value can be applied for at least two important purposes: in health research priority setting when research funders, policy-makers, or researchers decide between alternative research projects; and in evaluating the ethics of proposed research proposals (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  16.  39
    Possible Persons and the Problem of Prenatal Harm.Nicola Jane Williams - 2013 - The Journal of Ethics 17 (4):355-385.
    When attempting to determine which of our acts affect future generations and which affect the identities of those who make up such generations, accounts of personal identity that privilege psychological features and person affecting accounts of morality, whilst highly useful when discussing the rights and wrongs of acts relating to extant persons, seem to come up short. On such approaches it is often held that the intuition that future persons can be harmed by decisions made prior to their existence is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  17.  17
    What It is to Be an Intentional Object.Nicola Spinelli - 2016 - Disputatio 8 (42):93-112.
    This paper is about a certain view of intentionality, a problem faced by the view, and two ways in which, it has been proposed, the problem might be solved. The view is that every intentional state has an intentional object. The problem is that the putative intentional objects of some intentional states do not, or even cannot, exist. The two strategies to solve the problem and secure the view are those implemented by Tim Crane in his article “Intentional Objects”. In (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18. Attitudes to Animals in the Animal Protection Community Compared to a Normative Community Sample.Nicola Taylor & Tania Signal - 2006 - Society and Animals 14 (3):265-274.
    Attitudes toward the treatment of nonhuman animals in the animal protection community remain largely under researched. In an attempt to begin to rectify this, this study conducted a survey of 407 members of the animal protection community using the Animal Attitude Scale. The survey also asked participants to indicate whether they identified more with animal rights or animal welfare perspectives and a direct or indirect action approach to securing animal protection. Results of the current study indicate that, regardless of philosophical (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  19.  49
    State Punishment.Nicola Lacey - 1994 - Routledge.
    Nicola Lacey presents a new approach to the question of the moral justification of punishment by the State. She focuses on the theory of punishments in context of other political questions, such as the nature of political obligation and the function and scope of criminal law. Arguing that no convincing set of justifying reasons has so far been produced, she puts forward a theory of punishments which places the values of the community at its centre.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  20.  87
    Responsible Leadership: Pathways to the Future. [REVIEW]Nicola M. Pless & Thomas Maak - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (S1):3-13.
    This article maps current thinking in the emerging field of responsible leadership. Various environmental and social forces have triggered interest in both research and practices of responsible leadership. This article outlines the main features of the relevant research, specifies a definition of the concept, and compares this emergent understanding of responsible leadership with related leadership theories. Finally, an overview of different articles in this special issue sketches some pathways for ongoing research.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  21.  84
    Building an Inclusive Diversity Culture: Principles, Processes and Practice.Nicola Pless & Thomas Maak - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 54 (2):129-147.
    In management theory and business practice, the dealing with diversity, especially a diverse workforce, has played a prominent role in recent years. In a globalizing economy companies recognized potential benefits of a multicultural workforce and tried to create more inclusive work environments. However, many organizations have been disappointed with the results they have achieved in their efforts to meet the diversity challenge [Cox: 2001, Creating the Multicultural Organization (Jossey-Bass, San Francisco)]. We see the reason for this in the fact that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  22.  73
    Not Just Deserts: A Republican Theory of Criminal Justice.Nicola Lacey - 1991 - Philosophical Quarterly 41 (164):374.
    A new approach to sentencing Not Just Deserts inaugurates a radical shift in the research agenda of criminology. The authors attack currently fashionable retributivist theories of punishment, arguing that the criminal justice system is so integrated that sentencing policy has to be considered in the system-wide context. They offer a comprehensive theory of criminal justice which draws on a philosophical view of the good and the right, and which points the way to practical intervention in the real world of incremental (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  23.  22
    Harms to “Others” and the Selection Against Disability View.Nicola Jane Williams - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (2):154-183.
    In recent years, the question of whether prospective parents might have a moral obligation to select against disability in their offspring has piqued the attention of many prominent philosophers and bioethicists, and a large literature has emerged surrounding this question. Rather than looking to the most common arguments given in support of a positive response to the abovementioned question, such as those focusing on the harms disability may impose on the child created, duties and role-specific obligations, and impersonal ‘harms’, a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  56
    Understanding Responsible Leadership: Role Identity and Motivational Drivers: The Case of Dame Anita Roddick, Founder of The Body Shop.Nicola M. Pless - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (4):437-456.
    This article contributes to the emerging discussion on responsible leadership by providing an analysis of the inner theatre of a responsible leader. I use a narrative approach for analyzing the biography of Anita Roddick as a widely acknowledged prototype of a responsible leader. With clinical and normative lenses I explore the relationship between responsible leadership behavior and the underlying motivational systems. I begin the article with an introduction outlining the current state of responsible leadership research and explaining the kind of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  25.  40
    Punishment, Communication and Community.Nicola Lacey - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):392-396.
  26.  43
    To Blame or to Forgive? Reconciling Punishment and Forgiveness in Criminal Justice.Nicola Lacey & Hanna Pickard - 2015 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 35 (4):665-696.
    What do you do when faced with wrongdoing—do you blame or do you forgive? Especially when confronted with offences that lie on the more severe end of the spectrum and cause terrible psychological or physical trauma or death, nothing can feel more natural than blame. Indeed, in the UK and the USA, increasingly vehement and righteous public expressions of blame and calls for vengeance have become commonplace; correspondingly, contemporary penal philosophy has witnessed a resurgence of the retributive tradition, in the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  27.  30
    Skepticism, Rules and Grammar.Nicola Claudio Salvatore - 2013 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):31-53.
    In his final notebook, published posthumously as On Certainty , Wittgenstein offers a sustained and, at least apparently, fragmentary treatment of skeptical issues. Given the ambiguity and obscurity of some of its remarks, in the recent literature on the subject we can find a number of competing interpretations of OC, particularly of the elusive concept of ‘hinges’, central to Wittgenstein’s last work. In this paper, I will discuss the dominant interpretations of OC in order to show how they fail to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  28.  25
    Characteristic Emotional Intelligence and Emotional Well-Being.Nicola S. Schutte, John M. Malouff, Maureen Simunek, Jamie McKenley & Sharon Hollander - 2002 - Cognition and Emotion 16 (6):769-785.
  29.  8
    When is Irony Effortful?Nicola Spotorno & Ira A. Noveck - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (4):1649-1665.
  30. A Life of H. L. A. Hart: The Nightmare and the Noble Dream.Nicola Lacey - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    To generations of lawyers, H. L. A. Hart is known as the twentieth century's greatest legal philosopher. Whilst his scholarship revolutionized the study of law, as a social commentator he gave intellectual impetus to the liberalizing of society in the 1960s. But behind his public success, Hart struggled with demons. His Jewish background, ambivalent sexuality, and unconventional marriage all fuelled his psychological complexity; allegations of espionage, though immediately quashed, nearly destroyed him. Nicola Lacey s biography explores the forces that (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  31.  19
    Dreaming Consciousness: A Contribution From Phenomenology.Nicola Zippel - 2016 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 7 (2):180-201.
    : The central aim of this paper is to offer a historical reconstruction of phenomenological studies on dreaming and to put forward a draft for a phenomenological theory of the dream state. Prominent phenomenologists have offered an extremely valuable interpretation of the dream as an intentional process, stressing its relevance in understanding the complexity of the mental life of subject, the continuous interplay between reality and unreality, and the possibility of building parallel spheres of experience influencing the development of personal (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  38
    From the Consulting Room to the Court Room? Taking the Clinical Model of Responsibility Without Blame Into the Legal Realm.Nicola Lacey & Hanna Pickard - 2013 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 33 (1):1-29.
    Within contemporary penal philosophy, the view that punishment can only be justified if the offender is a moral agent who is responsible and hence blameworthy for their offence is one of the few areas on which a consensus prevails. In recent literature, this precept is associated with the retributive tradition, in the modern form of ‘just deserts’. Turning its back on the rehabilitative ideal, this tradition forges a strong association between the justification of punishment, the attribution of responsible agency in (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  33.  50
    Children's Attributions of Beliefs to Humans and God: Cross‐Cultural Evidence.Nicola Knight, Paulo Sousa, Justin L. Barrett & Scott Atran - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (1):117-126.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  34.  42
    When Does Action Resist Visual Illusions?Nicola Bruno - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (9):379-382.
  35.  88
    An Evaluation of Adverse Incident Reporting.Nicola Stanhope, Margaret Crowley‐Murphy, Charles Vincent, Anne M. O'Connor & Sally E. Taylor‐Adams - 1999 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (1):5-12.
  36.  65
    Fractal Response of Physiological Signals to Stress Conditions, Environmental Changes, and Neurodegenerative Diseases.Nicola Scafetta, Richard E. Moon & Bruce J. West - 2007 - Complexity 12 (5):12-17.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  37.  50
    Augmented Reality and Ubiquitous Computing: The Hidden Potentialities of Augmented Reality.Nicola Liberati - 2016 - AI and Society 31 (1):17-28.
  38.  31
    The Problem of Justification of Empirical Hypotheses in Software Testing.Nicola Angius - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (3):423-439.
    This paper takes part in the methodological debate concerning the nature and the justification of hypotheses about computational systems in software engineering by providing an epistemological analysis of Software Testing, the practice of observing the programs’ executions to examine whether they fulfil software requirements. Property specifications articulating such requirements are shown to involve falsifiable hypotheses about software systems that are evaluated by means of tests which are likely to falsify those hypotheses. Software Reliability metrics, used to measure the growth of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  39.  41
    Technology, Phenomenology and the Everyday World: A Phenomenological Analysis on How Technologies Mould Our World.Nicola Liberati - 2016 - Human Studies 39 (2):189-216.
    Technology always provides a new perception of the world. However, it is not clear when technology produces “mere” new informations and when it provides something more such as a production of new objects in our world which start to “live” around us. The aim of this paper is to study how technology shapes our surrounding world. The questions which we are going to answer are: Is it really adding new objects to our world? If yes, does every technology have this (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  40.  22
    Heyting-Valued Interpretations for Constructive Set Theory.Nicola Gambino - 2006 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 137 (1-3):164-188.
    We define and investigate Heyting-valued interpretations for Constructive Zermelo–Frankel set theory . These interpretations provide models for CZF that are analogous to Boolean-valued models for ZF and to Heyting-valued models for IZF. Heyting-valued interpretations are defined here using set-generated frames and formal topologies. As applications of Heyting-valued interpretations, we present a relative consistency result and an independence proof.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  41.  63
    Responsible Leaders as Agents of World Benefit: Learnings From “Project Ulysses”.Nicola Pless & Thomas Maak - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S1):59-71.
    There is widespread agreement in both business and society that MNCs have an enormous potential for contributing to the betterment of the world, A paper from the Tomorrow's Leaders Group of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development). In fact, a discussion has evolved around the role of "Business as an Agent of World Benefit."¹ At the same time, there is also growing willingness among business leaders to spend time, expertise, and resources to help solve some of the most pressing (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  42.  42
    Effect of Eye Patching in Rehabilitation of Hemispatial Neglect.Nicola Smania, Cristina Fonte, Alessandro Picelli, Marialuisa Gandolfi & Valentina Varalta - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  43.  18
    In It for the Nonhuman Animals: Animal Welfare, Moral Certainty, and Disagreements.Nicola Taylor - 2004 - Society and Animals 12 (4):317-339.
    Based on three years' ethnographic research with animal sanctuary workers, this paper argues that a level of moral certainty drives and justifies many of the workers' actions and beliefs. Similar to the "missionary zeal" of nonhuman animal rights activists, this moral certainty divides the world into two neat categories: good for the animals and bad for the animals. This overriding certainty takes precedence over other concerns and pervades all aspects of sanctuary life, resulting in the breakdown of different facets of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  44. State Punishment: Political Principles and Community Values.Nicola Lacey - 1990 - Mind 99 (393):142-144.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  45. In Search of Criminal Responsibility: Ideas, Interests, and Institutions.Nicola Lacey - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    What makes someone responsible for a crime and therefore liable to punishment under the criminal law? Modern lawyers will quickly and easily point to the criminal law's requirement of concurrent actus reus and mens rea, doctrines of the criminal law which ensure that someone will only be found criminally responsible if they have committed criminal conduct while possessing capacities of understanding, awareness, and self-control at the time of offense. Any notion of criminal responsibility based on the character of the offender, (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  46.  22
    Social Entrepreneurship in Theory and Practice—An Introduction.Nicola M. Pless - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (3):317-320.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  47.  55
    Scientific Theories of Computational Systems in Model Checking.Nicola Angius & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2011 - Minds and Machines 21 (2):323-336.
    Model checking, a prominent formal method used to predict and explain the behaviour of software and hardware systems, is examined on the basis of reflective work in the philosophy of science concerning the ontology of scientific theories and model-based reasoning. The empirical theories of computational systems that model checking techniques enable one to build are identified, in the light of the semantic conception of scientific theories, with families of models that are interconnected by simulation relations. And the mappings between these (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  48.  31
    Should Uterus Transplants Be Publicly Funded?Stephen Wilkinson & Nicola Jane Williams - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (9):559-565.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  49.  31
    Explaining Engineered Computing Systems’ Behaviour: The Role of Abstraction and Idealization.Nicola Angius & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (2):239-258.
    This paper addresses the methodological problem of analysing what it is to explain observed behaviours of engineered computing systems, focusing on the crucial role that abstraction and idealization play in explanations of both correct and incorrect BECS. First, it is argued that an understanding of explanatory requests about observed miscomputations crucially involves reference to the rich background afforded by hierarchies of functional specifications. Second, many explanations concerning incorrect BECS are found to abstract away from descriptions of physical components and processes (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  50. Trusting the Media? TV News as a Source of Knowledge.Nicola Mößner - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 26 (2):205-220.
    Why do we trust TV news? What reasons might support a recipient’s assessment of the trustworthiness of this kind of information? This paper presents a veritistic analysis of the epistemic practice of news production and communication. The topic is approached by discussing a detailed case study, namely the characteristics of the most popular German news programme, called the ‘Tagesschau’. It will be shown that a veritistic analysis can indeed provide a recipient with relevant reasons to consider when pondering on the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 960