Results for 'scott a. walter'

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  1.  30
    Hypothesis and Convention in Poincaré's Defense of Galilei Space-Time.Scott A. Walter - 2009 - In Michael Heidelberger & Gregor Schiemann (eds.), The Significance of the Hypothetical in the Natural Sciences. De Gruyter. pp. 193-219.
    According to the conventionalist doctrine of space elaborated by the French philosopher-scientist Henri Poincaré in the 1890s, the geometry of physical space is a matter of definition, not of fact. Poincaré’s Hertz-inspired view of the role of hypothesis in science guided his interpretation of the theory of relativity (1905), which he found to be in violation of the axiom of free mobility of invariable solids. In a quixotic effort to save the Euclidean geometry that relied on this axiom, Poincaré extended (...)
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  2.  21
    Neuromarketing: Ethical Implications of its Use and Potential Misuse.Steven J. Stanton, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Scott A. Huettel - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (4):799-811.
    Neuromarketing is an emerging field in which academic and industry research scientists employ neuroscience techniques to study marketing practices and consumer behavior. The use of neuroscience techniques, it is argued, facilitates a more direct understanding of how brain states and other physiological mechanisms are related to consumer behavior and decision making. Herein, we will articulate common ethical concerns with neuromarketing as currently practiced, focusing on the potential risks to consumers and the ethical decisions faced by companies. We argue that the (...)
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  3.  5
    Breaking in the Four-Vectors: The Four-Dimensional Movement in Gravitation.Scott A. Walter - 2007 - In Jürgen Renn & Matthias Schemmel (eds.), The Genesis of General Relativity, Volume 3. Springer. pp. 193-252.
    The law of gravitational attraction is a window on three formal approaches to laws of nature based on Lorentz-invariance: Poincaré’s four-dimensional vector space (1906), Minkowski’s matrix calculus and spacetime geometry (1908), and Sommerfeld’s 4-vector algebra (1910). In virtue of a common appeal to 4-vectors for the characterization of gravitational attraction, these three contributions track the emergence and early development of four-dimensional physics.
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  4. Ether and Electrons in Relativity Theory.Scott A. Walter - 2018 - In Jaume Navarro (ed.), Ether and Modernity. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. pp. 67-87.
    This chapter discusses the roles of ether and electrons in relativity theory. One of the most radical moves made by Albert Einstein was to dismiss the ether from electrodynamics. His fellow physicists felt challenged by Einstein’s view, and they came up with a variety of responses, ranging from enthusiastic approval, to dismissive rejection. Among the naysayers were the electron theorists, who were unanimous in their affirmation of the ether, even if they agreed with other aspects of Einstein’s theory of relativity. (...)
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  5. Figures of Light in the Early History of Relativity (1905-1914).Scott A. Walter - 2018 - In David Rowe, Tilman Sauer & Scott A. Walter (eds.), Einstein Studies. New York, USA: Birkhäuser. pp. 3-50.
    Albert Einstein's bold assertion of the form-invariance of the equation of a spherical light wave with respect to inertial frames of reference became, in the space of six years, the preferred foundation of his theory of relativity. Early on, however, Einstein's universal light-sphere invariance was challenged on epistemological grounds by Henri Poincaré, who promoted an alternative demonstration of the foundations of relativity theory based on the notion of a light-ellipsoid. Drawing in part on archival sources, this paper shows how an (...)
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  6.  11
    La vérité en géométrie: sur le rejet mathématique de la doctrine conventionnaliste.Scott A. Walter - 1997 - Philosophia Scientiae 2 (3):103-135.
    The reception of Poincaré’s conventionalist doctrine of space by mathematicians is studied for the period 1891–1911. The opposing view of Riemann and Helmholtz, according to which the geometry of space is an empirical question, is shown to have swayed several geometers. This preference is considered in the context of changing views of the nature of space in theoretical physics, and with respect to structural and social changes within mathematics. Included in the latter evolution is the emergence of non-Euclidean geometry as (...)
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  7.  14
    Roberto Lalli. Building the General Relativity and Gravitation Community During the Cold War. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. Springer Briefs in History of Science and Technology, 2017, Xiv + 168 Pp. ISBN: 9783319546544. [REVIEW]Scott A. Walter - 2020 - Centaurus 61 (4):451-453.
  8.  15
    A Preliminary Investigation Into the Source of Odor-Cue Production.Melanie S. Weaver, David A. Whiteside, Walter C. Janzen, Scott A. Moore & Stephen F. Davis - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (5):284-286.
  9. Hermetica the Ancient Greek and Latin Writings Which Contain Religious or Philosophic Teachings Ascribed to Hermes Trismegistus.Walter Corpus Hermeticum, A. S. Scott & Ferguson - 1924 - Clarendon Press.
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  10.  1
    Beyond Einstein: Perspectives on Geometry, Gravitation, and Cosmology in the Twentieth Century.David E. Rowe, Tilman Sauer & Scott A. Walter (eds.) - 2018 - Springer New York.
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  11.  42
    Natural Justice: Walter Scott and the Story of Tomorrow.Ken Binmore - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Natural Justice is a bold attempt to lay the foundations for a genuine science of morals using the theory of games. Since human morality is no less a product of evolution than any other human characteristic, the book takes the view that we need to explore its origins in the food-sharing social contracts of our prehuman ancestors. It is argued that the deep structure of our current fairness norms continues to reflect the logic of these primeval social contracts, but the (...)
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  12. Neuroprediction, Violence, and the Law: Setting the Stage.Thomas Nadelhoffer, Stephanos Bibas, Scott Grafton, Kent A. Kiehl, Andrew Mansfield, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Michael Gazzaniga - 2012 - Neuroethics 5 (1):67-99.
    In this paper, our goal is to survey some of the legal contexts within which violence risk assessment already plays a prominent role, explore whether developments in neuroscience could potentially be used to improve our ability to predict violence, and discuss whether neuropredictive models of violence create any unique legal or moral problems above and beyond the well worn problems already associated with prediction more generally. In Violence Risk Assessment and the Law, we briefly examine the role currently played by (...)
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  13.  11
    The 'Flawed Parent': A Reconsideration of Rousseau's "Emile" and Its Significance for Radical Education in the United States.Scott Walter - 1996 - British Journal of Educational Studies 44 (3):260-274.
    This paper assumes the significance of Rousseau's Emile for the practice of radical education in the USA in the 1960s and 1970s. It is argued that the educational philosophy espoused in Emile is far more conservative than that actually attributed to his inspiration by some radical educators.
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  14.  17
    The 'Flawed Parent': A Reconsideration of Rousseau's "Emile" and Its Significance for Radical Education in the United States.Scott Walter - 1996 - British Journal of Educational Studies 44 (3):260-274.
    This paper assumes the significance of Rousseau's Emile for the practice of radical education in the USA in the 1960s and 1970s. It is argued that the educational philosophy espoused in Emile is far more conservative than that actually attributed to his inspiration by some radical educators.
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  15.  32
    Hermetica; The Ancient Greek and Latin Writings, Which Contain Religious or Philosophic Teachings Ascribed to Hermes Trismegistus. Volume III: Notes on the Latin Asclepius and the Hermetic Excerpts of Stobaeus.A. D. N., Hermes Trismegistus & Walter Scott - 1927 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 47:151.
  16.  15
    Hermetica. Volume II. Notes on the Corpus Hermeticum.A. D. N., Hermes Trismegistus & Walter Scott - 1926 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 46:131.
  17.  43
    Walter Bower, Scotichronicon, 7: Books XIII and XIV, Ed. And Trans. A. B. Scott and D. E. R. Watt, with Ulrike Morét and Norman F. Shead. Edinburgh: Mercat Press, for Aberdeen University Press, 1996. Pp. Xxx, 557; Diagrams. £35.Victoria Chandler - 1998 - Speculum 73 (2):476-476.
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  18. A new name for some old ways of thinking: pragmatism, radical empiricism, and epistemology in W.E.B. Du Bois’s “Of the Sorrow Songs”.Walter Scott Stepanenko - 2020 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 87 (2):173-192.
    When William James published Pragmatism, he gave it a subtitle: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking. In this article, I argue that pragmatism is an epistemological method for articulating success in, and between, a plurality of practices, and that this articulation helped James develop radical empiricism. I contend that this pluralistic philosophical methodology is evident in James’s approach to philosophy of religion, and that this method is also exemplified in the work of one of James’s most famous (...)
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  19.  22
    Two Forms of Abolitionism and the Political Rights of Animals: A Case Study.Walter Scott Stepanenko - 2018 - Journal of Animal Ethics 8 (1):26.
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  20.  71
    Book Review: By Abraham A. Ungar. Fundamental Theories of Physics. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2001, Xlii+ 413 Pp., $138.00 (Hardcover). [REVIEW]Scott Walter - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (2):327-330.
  21.  47
    A Scotchman's Love for Himself.Walter Scott - 2007 - The Chesterton Review 33 (1-2):320-321.
  22.  20
    Torsional Stress in Eukaryotic Chromatin.Walter A. Scott - 1985 - Bioessays 2 (1):34-36.
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  23.  51
    Book Review: Beyond Einstein's Velocity Addition Law. By Abraham A. Ungar. Fundamental Theories of Physics 117. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2001, Xlii+413 Pp., $138.00 (Hardcover). [REVIEW]Scott Walter - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (2):327-330.
  24.  2
    Book Review: Beyond Einstein's Velocity Addition Law. By Abraham A. Ungar. Fundamental Theories of Physics 117. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2001, Xlii+413 Pp., $138.00. [REVIEW]Scott Walter - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (2):327-330.
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  25.  28
    The Pragmatic A Priori.Walter G. Scott - 1977 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):199-199.
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  26.  10
    The Psychology of Advertizing: A Simple Exposition of the Principles of Psychology in Their Relation to Successful Advertizing.Walter Dill Scott - 1909 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 6 (7):190-192.
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  27.  84
    Jamesian Finite Theism and the Problems of Suffering.Walter Scott Stepanenko - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (4):1-25.
    William James advocated a form of finite theism, motivated by epistemological and moral concerns with scholastic theism and pantheism. In this article, I elaborate James’s case for finite theism and his strategy for dealing with these concerns, which I dub the problems of suffering. I contend that James is at the very least implicitly aware that the problem of suffering is not so much one generic problem but a family of related problems. I argue that one of James’s great contributions (...)
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  28.  20
    The Last Sibylline Oracle of Alexandria.Walter Scott - 1915 - Classical Quarterly 9 (04):207-.
    As the abolition of gold cannot directly cause the restoration of a ruined city, the word γάρ must be taken as referring back to 1. 348: ‘Enemies will make peace; for gold, the cause of quarrels, will be abolished.’ But the awkwardness of the connexion suggests a suspicion that the passage has been in some way altered or rearranged.
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  29.  31
    Negative Cognitive Response to a Sad Mood Induction: Associations with Polymorphisms of the Serotonin Transporter (5-HTTLPR) Gene.Christopher G. Beevers, Walter D. Scott, Chinatsu McGeary & John E. McGeary - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (4):726-738.
  30.  20
    Fragmenta Herculanensia Fragmenta Herculanensia: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Oxford Copies of the Herculanean Rolls, Together with the Texts of Several Papyri, Accompanied by Facsimiles. Edited, with Introduction and Notes, by Walter Scott, M.A., Fellow of Merton College, Oxford. Clarendon Press, 1885. 21s. [REVIEW]E. L. Hicks - 1887 - The Classical Review 1 (07):185-188.
  31.  24
    Henri Poincaré et l’espace-temps conventionnel.Scott Walter - 2008 - Cahiers de Philosophie de L’Université de Caen 45:87.
    According to the conventionalist doctrine of space elaborated by the French philosopher-scientist Henri Poincaré in the 1890s, the geometry of physical space is a matter of definition, not of fact. Poincaré’s Hertz-inspired view of the role of hypothesis in science guided his interpretation of the theory of relativity (1905), which he found to be in violation of the axiom of free mobility of invariable solids. In a quixotic effort to save the Euclidean geometry that relied on this axiom, Poincaré extended (...)
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  32.  13
    Letters to the Editor.Scott Walter - 2008 - Isis 99 (2):374-374.
    This letter corrects errors of fact contained in a review by Yves Gingras of a biopic about Henri Poincaré.
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  33.  21
    Poincaré on Clocks in Motion.Scott Walter - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 47:131-141.
    Recently-discovered manuscripts throw new light on Poincaré’s discovery of the Lorentz group, and his ether-based interpretation of the Lorentz transformation. At first, Poincaré postulated longitudinal contraction of bodies in motion with respect to the ether, and ignored time deformation. In April, 1909, he acknowledged temporal deformation due to translation, obtaining thereby a theory of relativity more compatible with those of Einstein and Minkowski.
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  34.  2
    Hermetica. The Ancient Greek and Latin Writings Which Contain Religious or Philosophic Teachings Ascribed to Hermes Trismegistus, Edited with English Translation and Notes by Walter Scott. Volume II. Notes on the Corpus Hermeticum. Pp. 482. Oxford: University Press, 1925. 25s. [REVIEW]D. N. A. - 1926 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 46 (1):131-131.
  35.  1
    Hermetica; the Ancient Greek and Latin Writings, Which Contain Religious or Philosophic Teachings Ascribed to Hermes Trismegistus, Edited with English Translation and Notes by Walter Scott. Volume III: Notes on the Latin Asclepius and the Hermetic Excerpts of Stobaeus. Pp. 632. Oxford: University Press, 1926. 25s. [REVIEW]D. N. A. - 1927 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 47 (1):151-151.
  36.  13
    The Last Sibylline Oracle of Alexandria.Walter Scott - 1916 - Classical Quarterly 10 (1):7-16.
    As the abolition of gold cannot directly cause the restoration of a ruined city, the word γάρ must be taken as referring back to 1. 348: ‘Enemies will make peace; for gold, the cause of quarrels, will be abolished.’ But the awkwardness of the connexion suggests a suspicion that the passage has been in some way altered or rearranged.
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  37.  15
    Book Review:Inter-American Solidarity. Herminio Portell Vila, George Fielding Eliot, Eduardo Villasenor, Arthur R. Upgren, Frank Scott, Daniel Samper Ortega, J. Fred Rippy, Walter H. C. Laves. [REVIEW]Harold A. Larrabee - 1942 - Ethics 52 (4):509-.
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  38.  33
    The Middle Voice of Charles Scott: The Intimacy of Attentiveness and the Life of Wonder.Walter Brogan - 2012 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (1):89-97.
    My essay attempts humbly to honor and celebrate the voice of Charles Scott by thematizing one of the major insights of his body of work, namely the significance of the middle voice. I attempt in various ways to show the significance of the middle voice in the work of Charles Scott and to offer some commentary on what is meant by the middle voice. Finally, I ask about the implications of a middle-voiced philosophy for an understanding of the (...)
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  39.  18
    J. M. W. Turner and Sir Walter Scott: Iconography of a Tour.Gerald E. Finley - 1972 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 35:359-385.
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  40. Twist-Valued Models for Three-Valued Paraconsistent Set Theory.Walter Carnielli & Marcelo E. Coniglio - manuscript
    Boolean-valued models of set theory were independently introduced by Scott, Solovay and Vopěnka in 1965, offering a natural and rich alternative for describing forcing. The original method was adapted by Takeuti, Titani, Kozawa and Ozawa to lattice-valued models of set theory. After this, Löwe and Tarafder proposed a class of algebras based on a certain kind of implication which satisfy several axioms of ZF. From this class, they found a specific 3-valued model called PS3 which satisfies all the axioms (...)
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  41.  33
    Scotichronicon, 4: Books VII and VIII.Walter Bower, David J. Corner, A. B. Scott, William W. Scott, D. E. R. Watt.Victoria Chandler - 1996 - Speculum 71 (3):698-699.
  42.  26
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Randy J. Dunn, Jeffrey Glanz, Harvey G. Neufeldt, Douglas Simpson, Barry Kanpol, David Leo-Nyquist, Robert J. Mulvaney, Stephen D. Short, Scott Walter, Donald Vandenberg & Richard A. Brosio - 1995 - Educational Studies 26 (1-2):60-119.
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  43.  49
    2. Storytelling.Joan W. Scott - 2011 - History and Theory 50 (2):203-209.
    Natalie Davis is a quintessential storyteller in the way theorized by Walter Benjamin, Hannah Arendt, and Michel de Certeau. Her work decenters history not simply because it grants agency and so historical visibility to those who have been hidden from history or left on its margins, but also because her stories reveal the complexities of human experience and so challenge the received categories with which we are accustomed to thinking about the world.
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  44. The Myth of the Closed Mind: Understanding Why and How People Are Rational.Ray Scott Percival - 2011 - Chicago: Open Court Publishing Company.
    It’s often claimed that some people—fundamentalists or fanatics—are indeed sealed off from rational criticism. And every month new pop psychology books appear, describing the dumb ways ordinary people make decisions, as revealed by psychological experiments. The conclusion is that all or most people are fundamentally irrational. -/- Ray Scott Percival sets out to demolish the whole notion of the closed mind and of human irrationality. There is a difference between making mistakes and being irrational. Though humans are prone to (...)
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  45. Two's Company: The Humbug of Many Logical Values.Carlos Caleiro, Walter Carnielli, Marcelo Coniglio & João Marcos - 2005 - In J. Y. Beziau (ed.), Logica Universalis. Birkhäuser Verlag. pp. 169-189.
    The Polish logician Roman Suszko has extensively pleaded in the 1970s for a restatement of the notion of many-valuedness. According to him, as he would often repeat, “there are but two logical values, true and false.” As a matter of fact, a result by W´ojcicki-Lindenbaum shows that any tarskian logic has a many-valued semantics, and results by Suszko-da Costa-Scott show that any many-valued semantics can be reduced to a two-valued one. So, why should one even consider using logics with (...)
     
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  46.  38
    Could Abstract Objects Depend Upon God?: SCOTT A. DAVISON.Scott A. Davison - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (4):485-497.
    What sorts of things are there in the world? Clearly enough, there are concrete, material things; but are there other things too, perhaps nonconcrete or non-material things? Some people believe that there are such things, which are often called abstract ; purported examples of such objects include numbers, properties, possible but non-actual states of affairs, propositions, and sets. Following a long-standing tradition, I shall describe persons who believe that there are abstract objects as ‘platonists’. In this paper, I shall not (...)
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  47.  32
    Essence and Being: Scott A. Shalkowski.Scott A. Shalkowski - 2008 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 62:49-63.
    In ‘Two Notions of Being: Entity and Essence’ E. J. Lowe defends “serious essentialism”. Serious essentialism is the position that everything has an essence, essences are not themselves things, and essences are the ground for metaphysical necessity and possibility. Lowe's defence of serious essentialism is both metaphysical and epistemological. In what follows I use Lowe's discussion as a point of departure for, first, adding some considerations for the plausibility of essentialism and, second, some work on modal epistemology.
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  48.  16
    Between the `Media City' and the `City as a Medium': The Media City: Media, Architecture and Urban Space by Scott McQuire Los Angeles, London, New Delhi and Singapore: SAGE, 2008.Takaaki Chikamori - 2009 - Theory, Culture and Society 26 (4):147-154.
    This article reviews Scott McQuire's book, The Media City, which focuses on the historical formation of the media-architecture complex of the current urban environment. While the book provides rich insights into the ways various media technologies have become interconnected with urban architectural structures, the underlying concept of media in McQuire's discussion could be criticized in three respects: visual-centred, technology-based and real-time oriented. After considering these three points in the context of the theoretical ideas put forward by Henri Lefebvre, Friedrich (...)
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  49.  19
    Boundaries in Mind.Walter Wright - 1985 - Idealistic Studies 15 (2):169-170.
    Because idealism takes mind to be a fundamental reality, one would expect idealistically oriented philosophers to be especially alert to how mind actually occurs. However, like philosophers generally, most idealists study consciousness exclusively from the standpoint of focused and structured states of mind, using such cases as paradigmatic. Whether we examine Plato, Berkeley, Kant, Fichte, Husserl, or any other philosopher with idealistic tendencies, their accounts of mind take concepts like knowing, self, identity, and intentionality to be central. As a result, (...)
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  50. Petitionary Prayer: A Philosophical Investigation.Scott A. Davison - 2017 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This volume explores the philosophical issues involved in the idea of petitionary prayer, where this is conceived as an activity designed to influence the action of the all-knowing, all-powerful, perfectly good God of traditional theism. Theists have always recognized various logical and moral limits to divine action in the world, but do these limits leave any space among God's reasons for petitionary prayer to make a difference? Petitionary Prayer: A Philosophical Investigation develops a new account of the conditions required for (...)
     
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