Results for 'Bogdan Diaconescu'

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  1.  2
    Old Topics, New Formulations: Khaṇḍadeva and Navyanyāya.Bogdan Diaconescu - forthcoming - Journal of Indian Philosophy:1-31.
    This article is first in a series dedicated to issues in the intellectual history of Mīmāṃsā in early modern India and part of a larger effort to broaden the basis for understanding the new formulations of central topics of the Mīmāṃsā textual-ritual complex in this period. It examines how the Varanasi scholar Khaṇḍadevamiśra makes use of Navyanyāya tools of analysis by putting under the microscope the example of his investigation and new formulation of the signification of agent and agency by (...)
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  2. The Arrival of Navya-Nyāya Techniques in Varanasi.Johannes Bronkhorst, Bogdan Diaconescu & Malhar Kulkarni - 2013 - In Kuruvilla Pandikattu Sj & Binoy Pichalakkattu Sj (eds.), An Indian Ending: Rediscovering the Grandeur of Indian Heritage for a Sustainable Future. Essays in Honour of Professor Dr. John Vattanky SJ On Completing Eighty Years. Serials Publications.
  3. Interpreting Minds: The Evolution of a Practice.Radu J. Bogdan - 1997 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Unlike most current researchers in philosophy and psychology, who view interpretation as a way to understand the minds and behavior of others, Radu J. Bogdan sets out to establish a new evolutionary and practical view of interpretation. According to Bogdan, the ability to interpret others' mental states has evolved under communal, political, and epistemic pressures to enable us to cope with the impact of other organisms on our own goals in the competition to survive. Interpretation evolved among primates (...)
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  4. Minding Minds: Evolving a Reflexive Mind by Interpreting Others.Radu J. Bogdan - 2003 - MIT Press.
    In this book, Radu Bogdan proposes that humans think reflexively because they interpret each other's minds in social contexts of cooperation, communication, ...
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  5. Belief: Form, Content, and Function.R. Bogdan (ed.) - 1986 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Some of the topics presented in this volume of original essays on contemporary approaches to belief include the problem of misrepresentation and false belief, conscious versus unconscious belief, explicit versus tacit belief, and the durable versus ephemeral question of the nature of belief. The contributors, Fred Dretske, Keith Lehrer, William Lycan, Stephen Schiffer, Stephen P. Stich, and the editor, Radu Bogdan, focus on the mental realization of belief, its cognitive and behavioral aspects, and the semantic aspects of its content. (...)
     
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  6. The Architectural Nonchalance of Commonsense Psychology.Radu J. Bogdan - 1993 - Mind and Language 8 (2):189-205.
    Eliminativism assumes that commonsense psychology describes and explains the mind in terms of the internal design and operation of the mind. If this assumption is invalidated, so is eliminativism. The same conditional is true of intentional realism. Elsewhere (Bogdan 1991) I have argued against this 'folk- theory-theory' assumption by showing that commonsense psychology is not an empirical prototheory of the mind but a biosocially motivated practice of coding, utilizing, and sharing information from and about conspecifics. Here, without presupposing a (...)
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  7. Mind and Common Sense: Philosophical Essays on Common Sense Psychology.Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    The contributors to this volume examine recent controversies about the importance of common sense psychology for our understanding of the human mind. Common sense provides a familiar and friendly psychological scheme by which to talk about the mind. Its categories tend to portray the mind as quite different from the rest of nature, and thus irreducible to physical matters and its laws. In this volume a variety of positions on common sense psychology from critical to supportive, from exegetical to speculative, (...)
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  8. Situating the Self: Gender, Community, and Postmodernism in Contemporary Ethics.Seyla Benhabib & Deanne Bogdan - 1995 - Hypatia 10 (4):130-142.
  9. Minding Minds.RaduJ Bogdan - unknown
    The theme of this essay is rather simple, though its demonstration is not. It is that humans think reflexively or metamentally because -- and often in the forms in which -- they interpret each other. In this essay ‘metamental’ means ‘about mental’ and ‘reflexive mind’ means ‘a mind thinking about its own thoughts.’ To think reflexively or metamentally is to think about thoughts deliberately and explicitly, as in thinking that my current thoughts about metamentation are right. Thinking about thoughts requires (...)
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  10.  20
    Our Own Minds: Sociocultural Grounds for Self-Consciousness.Radu J. Bogdan - 2010 - Bradford.
    An argument that in response to sociocultural pressures, human minds develop self-consciousness by activating a complex machinery of self-regulation.
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  11.  34
    Predicative Minds: The Social Ontogeny of Propositional Thinking.Radu J. Bogdan - 2008 - MIT Press/Bradford Books.
    An exploration of why and how the human competence for predication came to be.
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  12.  96
    What is a Logic Translation?Till Mossakowski, Răzvan Diaconescu & Andrzej Tarlecki - 2009 - Logica Universalis 3 (1):95-124.
    We study logic translations from an abstract perspective, without any commitment to the structure of sentences and the nature of logical entailment, which also means that we cover both proof- theoretic and model-theoretic entailment. We show how logic translations induce notions of logical expressiveness, consistency strength and sublogic, leading to an explanation of paradoxes that have been described in the literature. Connectives and quantifiers, although not present in the definition of logic and logic translation, can be recovered by their abstract (...)
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  13.  27
    An Institution-Independent Proof of Craig Interpolation Theorem.Răzvan Diaconescu - 2004 - Studia Logica 77 (1):59 - 79.
    We formulate a general institution-independent (i.e. independent of the details of the actual logic formalised as institution) version of the Craig Interpolation Theorem and prove it in dependence of Birkhoff-style axiomatizability properties of the actual logic.We formalise Birkhoff-style axiomatizability within the general abstract model theoretic framework of institution theory by the novel concept of Birkhoff institution.
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  14.  72
    Grounds for Cognition.Radu J. Bogdan - 1994 - Erlbaum.
    This is how guidance of behavior to goal grounds and explains cognition and the main forms in which it manages information.
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  15.  16
    Mindvaults: Sociocultural Grounds for Pretending and Imagining.Radu J. Bogdan - 2013 - MIT Press.
    Looks at what the author calls "mindvaulting," or the human mind's ability to vault over the realm of current perception, motivation, emotion and action, to leap—consciously and deliberately—to past or future, possible or impossible, ...
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  16. ``Cognition and Epistemic Closure".Radu Bogdan - 1985 - American Philosophical Quarterly 22 (1):55--63.
    JUSTIFICATION and knowledge are thought to be closed under known implication..1 This widely shared assumption is embodied in the following principles of epistemic closure.
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  17.  3
    Transient Amplitude Modulation of Alpha-Band Oscillations by Short-Time Intermittent Closed-Loop tACS.Georgy Zarubin, Christopher Gundlach, Vadim Nikulin, Arno Villringer & Martin Bogdan - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  18.  73
    Musical Spirituality: Reflections on Identity and the Ethics of Embodied Aesthetic Experience in/and the Academy.Deanne Bogdan - 2003 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 37 (2):80.
  19.  91
    Information and Semantic Cognition: An Ontological Account.Radu J. Bogdan - 1988 - Mind and Language 3 (2):81-122.
    Information is the fuel of cognition. At its most basic level, information is a matter of structures interacting under laws. The notion of information thus reflects the (relational) fact that a structure is created by the impact of another structure. The impacted structure is an encoding, in some concrete form, of the interaction with the impacting structure. Information is, essentially, the structural trace in some system of an interaction with another system; it is also, as a consequence, the structural fuel (...)
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  20. D. M. Armstrong.Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) - 1984 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
  21.  14
    Abstract Beth Definability in Institutions.Marius Petria & Răzvan Diaconescu - 2006 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (3):1002 - 1028.
    This paper studies definability within the theory of institutions, a version of abstract model theory that emerged in computing science studies of software specification and semantics. We generalise the concept of definability to arbitrary logics, formalised as institutions, and we develop three general definability results. One generalises the classical Beth theorem by relying on the interpolation properties of the institution. Another relies on a meta Birkhoff axiomatizability property of the institution and constitutes a source for many new actual definability results, (...)
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  22.  65
    Why Self-Ascriptions Are Difficult and Develop Late.Radu J. Bogdan - 2005 - In B. Malle & S. Hodges. (eds.), Other Minds: How Humans Bridge the Gap Between Self and Others. Guilford Press. pp. 190--206.
    Many philosophers and a few psychologists think that we understand our own minds before we understand those of others. Most developmental psychologists think that children understand their own minds at about the same time they understand other minds, by using the same cognitive abilities. I disagree with both views. I think that children understand other minds before they understand their own. Their self-understanding depends on some cognitive abilities that develop later than, and independently of, the abilities involved in understanding other (...)
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  23. Mental Attitudes and Common Sense Psychology: The Case Against Elimination.Radu J. Bogdan - 1988 - Noûs 22 (3):369-398.
    Aside from brute force, there are several philosophically respectable ways of eliminating the mental. In recent years the most popular elimination strategy has been directed against our common sense or folk psychological understanding of the mental. The strategy goes by the name of eliminative materialism (or eliminativism, in short). The motivation behind this strategy seems to be the following. If common sense psychology can be construed as the principled theory of the mental, whose vocabulary and principles implicitly define what counts (...)
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  24.  5
    Introducing H, an Institution-Based Formal Specification and Verification Language.Răzvan Diaconescu - 2020 - Logica Universalis 14 (2):259-277.
    This is a short survey on the development of the formal specification and verification language H with emphasis on the scientific part. H is a modern highly expressive language solidly based upon advanced mathematical theories such as the internalisation of Kripke semantics within institution theory.
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  25.  20
    Epidural Electrocorticography of Phantom Hand Movement Following Long-Term Upper-Limb Amputation.Alireza Gharabaghi, Georgios Naros, Armin Walter, Alexander Roth, Martin Bogdan, Wolfgang Rosenstiel, Carsten Mehring & Niels Birbaumer - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  26. Mind, Content and Information.Radu J. Bogdan - 1987 - Synthese 70 (February):205-227.
    What is it that one thinks or believes when one thinks or believes something? A mental formula? A sentence in some natural language? Its truth conditions? Or perhaps an abstract proposition? The current story of content is fairly ecumenical. It says that a number of aspects, some mental, other semantic, go into our understanding of content. Yet the current story is incomplete. It leaves out a very important aspect of content, one which I call incremental information. It is information in (...)
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  27.  51
    Saturated Models in Institutions.Răzvan Diaconescu & Marius Petria - 2010 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 49 (6):693-723.
    Saturated models constitute one of the powerful methods of conventional model theory, with many applications. Here we develop a categorical abstract model theoretic approach to saturated models within the theory of institutions. The most important consequence is that the method of saturated models becomes thus available to a multitude of logical systems from logic or from computing science. In this paper we define the concept of saturated model at an abstract institution-independent level and develop the fundamental existence and uniqueness theorems. (...)
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  28. The Importance of Belief.Radu J. Bogdan - 1986 - In R. Bogdan (ed.), Belief: Form, Content, and Function. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 1--16.
     
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  29.  39
    Understanding Risk for Psychopathology Through Imaging Gene–Environment Interactions.Luke W. Hyde, Ryan Bogdan & Ahmad R. Hariri - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (9):417-427.
  30. Pretending as Imaginative Rehearsal for Cultural Conformity.Radu Bogdan - 2005 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 5 (1-2):191-213.
    Pretend play and pretense develop in distinct phases of childhood as ontogenetically adaptive responses to pressures specific to those phases, and may have evolved in different periods of human ancestry. These are pressures to assimilate cultural artifacts, norms, roles, and behavioral scripts. The playful and creative elements in both forms of pretending are dictated by the variable, open-ended, and evolving nature and function of the cultural tasks they handle. The resulting creativity of the adult intellect is likely to be a (...)
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  31.  13
    Pythagoras' Rib or, What Does Music Education Want?Deanne Bogdan - forthcoming - Philosophy of Music Education Review.
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  32. The Folklore of the Mind.Radu J. Bogdan - 1991 - In Radu Bogdan (ed.), Mind and Common Sense: Philosophical Essays on Common Sense Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    A distinguished wise man, Emil Cioran, with whom I share a country of birth and the thought that follows, said once that the two most interesting things in life are gossip and metaphysics. I can hardly think of a more self evident and enjoyable truth, if wisely construed. This volume combines the two pleasures, for it is an exercise in the metaphysics of wise gossip, of how we make sense of each other, and how, as a result we interpret, explain, (...)
     
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  33. The Manufacture of Belief.Radu J. Bogdan - 1986 - In R. Bogdan (ed.), Belief: Form, Content, and Function. Bew York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  34. Does Semantics Run the Psyche?Radu J. Bogdan - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (June):687-700.
    If there is a dogma in the contemporary philosophy of the cognitive mind, it must be the notion that cognition is semantic causation or, differently put, that it is semantics that runs the psyche. This is what the notion of psychosemantics and (often) intentionality are all about. Another dogma, less widespread than the first but almost equally potent, is that common sense psychology is the implicit theory of psychosemantics. The two dogmas are jointly encapsulated in the following axiom. Mental attitudes (...)
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  35.  28
    On Quasi-Varieties of Multiple Valued Logic Models.Răzvan Diaconescu - 2011 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 57 (2):194-203.
    We extend the concept of quasi-variety of first-order models from classical logic to multiple valued logic and study the relationship between quasi-varieties and existence of initial models in MVL. We define a concept of ‘Horn sentence’ in MVL and based upon our study of quasi-varieties of MVL models we derive the existence of initial models for MVL ‘Horn theories’. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
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  36. Developing Mental Abilities by Representing Intentionality.Radu J. Bogdan - 2001 - Synthese 129 (2):233-258.
    Communication by shared meaning, themastery of word semantics,metarepresentation and metamentation aremental abilities, uniquely human, that share a sense ofintentionality or reference. The latteris developed by a naive psychology or interpretation – acompetence dedicated to representingintentional relations between conspecifics and the world. Theidea that interpretation builds new mentalabilities around a sense of reference is based on three linesof analysis – conceptual, psychological andevolutionary. The conceptual analysis reveals that a senseof reference is at the heart of the abilitiesin question. Psychological data track (...)
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  37.  10
    'Something' Clarified, Nothing of 'Value': A Rhetorical Critique of Values Clarification.Dwight Boyd & Deanne Bogdan - 1984 - Educational Theory 34 (3):287-300.
  38. What Do We Need Concepts For?Radu J. Bogdan - 1989 - Mind and Language 4 (1-2):17-23.
    If we are serious about concepts, we must begin by addressing two questions: What are concepts for, what is their job? And what means are available in an organism for concepts to do their job? One is a question of raison d'.
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  39. By Way of Means and Ends.Radu J. Bogdan - 1994 - In Grounds for Cognition. Lawrence Erlbaum.
    This chapter provides the teleological foundations for our analysis of guidance to goal. Its objective is to ground goal-directedness genetically. The basic suggestion is this. Organisms are small things, with few energy resources and puny physical means, battling a ruthless physical and biological nature. How do they manage to survive and multiply? CLEVERLY, BY ORGANIZING.
     
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  40.  39
    Roderick M. Chisholm.Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) - 1986 - Reidel.
    RODERICK M. CHISHOLM SELF-PROFILE A. My Philosophical Education Academic What brought me into philosophy was an excellent introductory course in the subject ...
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  41. Roderick M. Chisholm.R. Bogdan - 1986 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 50 (1):186-186.
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  42. Inside Loops: Developmental Premises of Self-Ascriptions.Radu J. Bogdan - 2007 - Synthese 159 (2):235-252.
    Self-ascriptions of thoughts and attitudes depend on a sense of the intentionality of one’s own mental states, which develops later than, and independently of, the sense of the intentionality of the thoughts and attitudes of others. This sense of the self-intentionality of one’s own mental states grows initially out of executive developments that enable one to simulate one’s own actions and perceptions, as genuine off-line thoughts, and to regulate such simulations.
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  43. The Objects of Perception.Radu J. Bogdan - 1986 - In Roderick M. Chisholm. Dordrecht: Reidel.
    Our perceptions, beliefs, thoughts and memories have objects. They are about or of things and properties around us. I perceive her, have beliefs about her, think of her and have memories of her. How are we to construe this aboutness (or ofness) of our cognitive states?' There are four major choices on the philosophical market. There is an interaction approach which says that the object of cognition is fixed by and understood in terms of what cognizers physically and sensorily interact (...)
     
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  44. Common Sense Naturalized.Radu J. Bogdan - 1991 - In Radu J. Bogdan & Radu Bogdan (eds.), Mind and Common Sense. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 161-206.
    Almost everybody believes, but nobody has conclusively shown, that common sense psychology is a descriptive body of knowledge about the mind, the way physics is about elementary particles or medicine about bodily conditions. Of course, common sense psychology helps itself to many notions about the mind. This does not show that common sense psychology is about the mind. Physics also helps itself to plenty of mathematical notions, without being about mathematical entities and relations. Employment of notions about the mind does (...)
     
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  45.  24
    Music, McLuhan, Modality: Musical Experience From "Extreme Occasion" to "Alchemy".Deanne Bogdan - 2007 - Mediatropes 1 (1):71-101.
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  46.  8
    Information and Semantic Cognition: An Ontological Account.Radu J. Bogdan - 1988 - Mind and Language 3 (2):81-122.
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  47. The Future of Folk Psychology: Intentionality and Cognitive Science.John D. Greenwood, Radu J. Bogdan, Scott M. Christensen & Dale R. Turner - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (175):246-251.
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  48.  24
    Replies to Commentators.Radu J. Bogdan - 1988 - Mind and Language 3 (2):145-151.
  49.  4
    Said Nursi's Heritage: Basics of the Doctrine and Interview with Hulya Sahin.Igor Kozlovskyi & Olena Bogdan - 2019 - Ukrainian Religious Studies 88:74-90.
    This material introduces the biography and spiritual heritage of the famous Islamic thinker of the twentieth century Said Nursi through an interview with his follower Huya Sahin from Turkey.
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  50.  27
    Symposium: Art and Aesthetic Education in Times of Terror: Negotiating an Ethics and Aesthetics of Answerability.Deanne Bogdan, Claudia Eppert, Candace Yang & Charlene Morton - 2002 - Philosophy of Music Education Review 10 (2):124-139.
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