Works by Stalnaker, Robert (exact spelling)

116 found
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  1. Conceptual Analysis, Dualism, and the Explanatory Gap.Ned Block & Robert Stalnaker - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):1-46.
    The explanatory gap . Consciousness is a mystery. No one has ever given an account, even a highly speculative, hypothetical, and incomplete account of how a physical thing could have phenomenal states. Suppose that consciousness is identical to a property of the brain, say activity in the pyramidal cells of layer 5 of the cortex involving reverberatory circuits from cortical layer 6 to the thalamus and back to layers 4 and 6,as Crick and Koch have suggested for visual consciousness. .) (...)
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  2. Common Ground.Robert Stalnaker - 2002 - Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (5-6):701-721.
  3. Our Knowledge of the Internal World.Robert Stalnaker - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Starting in the middle -- Epistemic possibilities and the knowledge argument -- Locating ourselves in the world -- Notes on models of self-locating belief -- Phenomenal and epistemic indistinguishability -- Acquaintance and essence -- Knowing what one is thinking -- After the fall.
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  4. Studies in Logical Theory.Robert Stalnaker - 1968 - Oxford: Blackwell.
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  5.  64
    Ways a World Might Be: Metaphysical and Anti-Metaphysical Essays.Robert Stalnaker - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Robert Stalnaker draws together in this volume his seminal work in metaphysics. The central theme is the role of possible worlds in articulating our various metaphysical commitments. The book begins with reflections on the general idea of a possible world, and then uses the framework of possible worlds to formulate and clarify some questions about properties and individuals, reference, thought, and experience. The essays also reflect on the nature of metaphysics, and on the relation between questions about what there is (...)
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  6. Inquiry.Robert Stalnaker - 1984 - Cambridge University Press.
  7. On the Representation of Context.Robert Stalnaker - 1998 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 7 (1):3-19.
    This paper revisits some foundational questions concerning the abstract representation of a discourse context. The context of a conversation is represented by a body of information that is presumed to be shared by the participants in the conversation – the information that the speaker presupposes a point at which a speech act is interpreted. This notion is designed to represent both the information on which context-dependent speech acts depend, and the situation that speech acts are designed to affect, and so (...)
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  8. On Logics of Knowledge and Belief.Robert Stalnaker - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 128 (1):169-199.
  9. Assertion.Robert Stalnaker - 1978 - Syntax and Semantics (New York Academic Press) 9:315-332.
     
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  10. Presuppositions.Robert Stalnaker - 1973 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 2 (4):447 - 457.
  11. Iterated Belief Revision.Robert Stalnaker - 2009 - Erkenntnis 70 (2):189-209.
    This is a discussion of the problem of extending the basic AGM belief revision theory to iterated belief revision: the problem of formulating rules, not only for revising a basic belief state in response to potential new information, but also for revising one’s revision rules in response to potential new information. The emphasis in the paper is on foundational questions about the nature of and motivation for various constraints, and about the methodology of the evaluation of putative counterexamples to proposed (...)
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  12. Indicative Conditionals.Robert Stalnaker - 1975 - Philosophia 5 (3):269-286.
  13. Knowledge, Belief and Counterfactual Reasoning in Games.Robert Stalnaker - 1996 - Economics and Philosophy 12 (2):133.
    Deliberation about what to do in any context requires reasoning about what will or would happen in various alternative situations, including situations that the agent knows will never in fact be realized. In contexts that involve two or more agents who have to take account of each others' deliberation, the counterfactual reasoning may become quite complex. When I deliberate, I have to consider not only what the causal effects would be of alternative choices that I might make, but also what (...)
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  14. Varieties of Supervenience.Robert Stalnaker - 1996 - Philosophical Perspectives 10:221-42.
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  15. Assertion Revisited: On the Interpretation of Two-Dimensional Modal Semantics.Robert Stalnaker - 2006 - In Garc (ed.), Philosophical Studies. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 293-309.
    This paper concerns the applications of two-dimensional modal semantics to the explanation of the contents of speech and thought. Different interpretations and applications of the apparatus are contrasted. First, it is argued that David Kaplan's two-dimensional semantics for indexical expressions is different from the use that I made of a formally similar framework to represent the role of contingent information in the determination of what is said. But the two applications are complementary rather than conflicting. Second, my interpretation of the (...)
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  16. On Considering a Possible World as Actual.Robert Stalnaker - 2001 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (75):141-156.
    [Robert Stalnaker] Saul Kripke made a convincing case that there are necessary truths that are knowable only a posteriori as well as contingent truths that are knowable a priori. A number of philosophers have used a two-dimensional model semantic apparatus to represent and clarify the phenomena that Kripke pointed to. According to this analysis, statements have truth-conditions in two different ways depending on whether one considers a possible world 'as actual' or 'as counterfactual' in determining the truth-value of the statement (...)
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  17.  47
    Mere Possibilities: Metaphysical Foundations of Modal Semantics.Robert Stalnaker - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
    The book also sheds new light on the nature of metaphysical theorizing by exploring the interaction of semantic and metaphysical issues, the connections between different metaphysical issues, and the nature of ontological commitment.
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  18.  7
    What is It Like.Robert Stalnaker - 2002 - In John Hawthorne & Tamar Szabó Gendler (eds.), Conceivability and Possibility. Oxford University Press. pp. 385.
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  19. Assertion Revisited: On the Interpretation of Two-Dimensional Modal Semantics.Robert Stalnaker - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 118 (1-2):299-322.
    This paper concerns the applications of two-dimensional modal semantics to the explanation of the contents of speech and thought. Different interpretations and applications of the apparatus are contrasted. First, it is argued that David Kaplan's two-dimensional semantics for indexical expressions is different from the use that I made of a formally similar framework to represent the role of contingent information in the determination of what is said. But the two applications are complementary rather than conflicting. Second, my interpretation of the (...)
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  20. Pragmatic Presuppositions.Robert Stalnaker - 1974 - In Context and Content. Oxford University Press. pp. 47--62.
     
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  21. What Might Nonconceptual Content Be?Robert Stalnaker - 1998 - Philosophical Issues 9:339-352.
  22. Merely Possible Propositions.Robert Stalnaker - 2010 - In Bob Hale & Aviv Hoffmann (eds.), Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 21--32.
     
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  23.  53
    What is It Like to Be a Zombie?Robert Stalnaker - 2002 - In Tamar S. Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Conceivability and Possibility. Oxford University Press. pp. 385--400.
    This paper examines the disagreement between those who think zombies are possible and those who think they are not. It aims to shed light on general questions about the nature of modal claims, and about the relation between metaphysical, semantic, and empirical questions. The views of three functional philosophers who provide unequivocal answers to the question “Are zombies possible?” are described.
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  24. Intellectualism and the Objects of Knowledge. [REVIEW]Robert Stalnaker - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (3):754-761.
  25. Ways a World Might Be.Robert Stalnaker - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 133 (3):439 - 441.
    Robert Stalnaker is an actualist who holds that merely possible worlds are uninstantiated properties that might have been instantiated. Stalnaker also holds that there are no metaphysically impossible worlds: uninstantiated properties that couldn't have been instantiated. These views motivate Stalnaker's "two dimensional" account of the necessary a posteriori on which there is no single proposition that is both necessary and a posteriori. For a necessary proposition is true in all possible worlds. If there were necessary a posteriori propositions, that would (...)
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  26. Index.Robert Stalnaker - 2012 - In Mere Possibilities: Metaphysical Foundations of Modal Semantics. Princeton University Press. pp. 161-167.
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  27. What Might Nonconceptual Content Be?Robert Stalnaker - 2003 - In York H. Gunther (ed.), Philosophical Issues. MIT Press. pp. 339-352.
  28. Models and Reality.Robert Stalnaker - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (4-5):709-726.
    Kripke models, interpreted realistically, have difficulty making sense of the thesis that there might have existed things that do not in fact exist, since a Kripke model in which this thesis is true requires a model structure in which there are possible worlds with domains that contain things that do not exist. This paper argues that we can use Kripke models as representational devices that allow us to give a realistic interpretation of a modal language. The method of doing this (...)
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  29. The Problem of Logical Omniscience, I.Robert Stalnaker - 1991 - Synthese 89 (3):425 - 440.
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  30. ``The Problem of Deduction&Quot.Robert Stalnaker - 1984 - In Inquiry. Cambridge: Mass.: Mit Press.
  31.  40
    On the Evaluation of Solution Concepts.Robert Stalnaker - 1994 - Theory and Decision 37 (1):49-73.
  32. A Response to Abbott on Presupposition and Common Ground.Robert Stalnaker - 2008 - Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (5):539-544.
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  33. Epistemic Consequentialism: Robert Stalnaker.Robert Stalnaker - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):153–168.
    [Philip Percival] I aim to illuminate foundational epistemological issues by reflecting on 'epistemic consequentialism'-the epistemic analogue of ethical consequentialism. Epistemic consequentialism employs a concept of cognitive value playing a role in epistemic norms governing belief-like states that is analogous to the role goodness plays in act-governing moral norms. A distinction between 'direct' and 'indirect' versions of epistemic consequentialism is held to be as important as the familiar ethical distinction on which it is based. These versions are illustrated, respectively, by cognitive (...)
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  34. Critical Notice of Scott Soames's Case Against Two-Dimensionalism.Robert Stalnaker - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (2):251-266.
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  35. Counterparts and Identity.Robert Stalnaker - 1986 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 11 (1):121--40.
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  36.  62
    Belief Revision in Games: Forward and Backward Induction.Robert Stalnaker - 1998 - Mathematical Social Sciences 36 (1):31 - 56.
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  37. Lewis on Intentionality.Robert Stalnaker - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (1):199 – 212.
    David Lewis's account of intentionality is a version of what he calls 'global descriptivism'. The rough idea is that the correct interpretation of one's total theory is the one (among the admissible interpretations) that come closest to making it true. I give an exposition of this account, as I understand it, and try to bring out some of its consequences. I argue that there is a tension between Lewis's global descriptivism and his rejection of a linguistic account of the intentionality (...)
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  38.  50
    Context.Robert Stalnaker - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Robert Stalnaker explores the contexts in which speech takes place, the ways we represent them, and the roles they play in explaining the interpretation and dynamics of speech. His central thesis is the autonomy of pragmatics: the independence of theory about structure and function of discourse from theory about mechanisms serving those functions.
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  39. On What's in the Head.Robert Stalnaker - 1989 - Philosophical Perspectives 3:287-319.
  40. Belief Attribution and Context.Robert Stalnaker - 1988 - In Robert H. Grimm & D. D. Merrill (eds.), Contents of Thought. University of Arizona Press. pp. 140--156.
  41.  97
    Comments on “From Contextualism to Contrastivism”.Robert Stalnaker - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 119 (1-2):105-117.
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  42. The Essential Contextual.Robert Stalnaker - 2011 - In Jessica Brown & Herman Cappelen (eds.), Assertion: New Philosophical Essays. Oxford University Press. pp. 137--151.
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  43.  97
    Semantics for Belief.Robert Stalnaker - 1987 - Philosophical Topics 15 (1):177-190.
  44. Comparing Qualia Across Persons.Robert Stalnaker - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 26 (1/2):385-406.
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  45. Complex Predicates.Robert Stalnaker - 1977 - The Monist 60 (3):327-339.
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  46. Possible Worlds and Situations.Robert Stalnaker - 1986 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 15 (1):109 - 123.
    ... 112 ROBERT STALNAKER example Alvin Plantinga and Robert Adams) define possible worlds in terms of states of affairs or propositions ; others (for example Max Cresswell) use a strategy quite similar to that of situation semantics, defining possible worlds as constructs out of ..
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  47. Knowing Where We Are, and What It is Like.Robert Stalnaker - manuscript
  48.  89
    Anti-Essentialism.Robert Stalnaker - 1979 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 4 (1):343-355.
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  49.  28
    Ifs.William Leonard Harper, Robert Stalnaker & Glenn Pearce (eds.) - 1981 - Dordrecht: D. Reidel.
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    Impossibilities.Robert Stalnaker - 1996 - Philosophical Topics 24 (1):193-204.
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