Works by Wreen, Michael (exact spelling)

80 found
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  1.  89
    The 'by' word.Michael Wreen - 1988 - Analysis 48 (3):154.
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  2.  21
    Existential Import.Michael Wreen - 1984 - Critica 16 (47):59-64.
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  3.  46
    What Is Moral Relativism?Michael Wreen - 2018 - Philosophy 93 (3):337-354.
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  4.  36
    In Defense of Speciesism.Michael Wreen - unknown
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  5.  11
    Moral Relativism and Majority Rule.Michael Wreen - 2019 - Metaphilosophy 50 (3):361-376.
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  6.  28
    Relativism and Comparative Moral Judgments.Michael Wreen - 2017 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):105-111.
    On relativism, it has been argued, certain comparative moral judgments are impossible. Judgments which compare two moral codes, judgments which compare one’s own moral code with another, judgments which, on the basis of a comparison with one’s own code, condemn specific moral practices permitted or required by other codes, judgments which speak of moral progress or reform—all are nonsensical or impossible, the argument alleges. Although commonly conflated, arguments for these distinct but related theses are first distinguished, then exposed, and last (...)
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  7. Relativism, Absolutism, and Tolerance.Hye-Kyung Kim & Michael Wreen - 2003 - Metaphilosophy 34 (4):447-459.
  8.  73
    The Ontology of Intellectual Property.Michael Wreen - 2010 - The Monist 93 (3):433-449.
  9. Medical Futility and Physician Discretion.Michael Wreen - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1 (3):257-267.
    Some patients have no chance of surviving if not treated, but very little chance if treated. A number of medical ethicists and physicians have argued that treatment in such cases is medically futile and a matter of physician discretion. This paper is a critical examination of that position. According to Howard Brody and others, a judgment of medical futility is a purely technical matter, and one which physicians are uniquely qualified to make. Although Brody later retracted these claims, he held (...)
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  10. Forgery.Michael Wreen - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (2):143 - 166.
    Still, in this paper I’m not going to be laudatory, enthusiastic, or appreciative, but instead address the distinctly philosophical question of what a forgery is—investigate the concept of a forgery, as philosophers used to say, and sometimes still do. Only after that question and a few others have been answered should we ask the question that everyone wants to ask straight off: What, if anything, is aesthetically wrong with a forgery? Interesting as that question is, space limitations prevent me from (...)
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  11. Counterfeit Coins and Forged Paintings: Caveat Emptor.Michael Wreen - 1980 - Analysis 40 (3):146 - 151.
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  12.  51
    Kripke’s Contingent A Priori.Michael Wreen - 1983 - International Studies in Philosophy 15 (3):55-59.
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  13.  49
    Kant's Philosophy of Religion Reconsidered.Philip J. Rossi & Michael Wreen (eds.) - 1991 - Indiana University Press.
    "The essays, both philosophical and historical, demonstrate the continuing significance of a neglected aspect of Kant’s thought."—Religious Studies Review Challenging the traditional view that Kant's account of religion was peripheral to his thinking, these essays demonstrate the centrality of religion to Kant's critical philosophy. Contributors are Sharon Anderson-Gold, Leslie A. Mulholland, Anthony N. Perovich, Jr., Philip J. Rossi, Joseph Runzo, Denis Savage, Walter Sparn, Burkhard Tuschling, Nicholas P. Wolterstorff, and Allen W. Wood.
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  14.  62
    Existence as a Property.Michael Wreen - 2017 - Acta Analytica 32 (3):297-312.
    This paper is a defense of the view that existence is a property. Since the view is still a minority one, a fair amount of space is allotted to defending it against objections and counter-arguments. Positive arguments aren’t lacking, however, and emerge in the course of the discussion. Not all of the many positive or negative arguments which follow are wholly original—a fact to be expected in this context—but a fair number are, and both sorts of argument are seamlessly interwoven (...)
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  15. The Definition of Euthanasia.Michael Wreen - 1988 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 48 (4):637-653.
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  16. Nihilism, Relativism, and Engelhardt.Michael Wreen - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (1):73-88.
    This paper is a critical analysis of Tristram Engelhardt''s attempts to avoid unrestricted nihilism and relativism. The focus of attention is his recent book, The Foundations of Bioethics (Oxford University Press, 1996). No substantive or content-full bioethics (e.g., that of Roman Catholicism or the Samurai) has an intersubjectively verifiable and universally binding foundation, Engelhardt thinks, for unaided secular reason cannot show that any particular substantive morality (or moral code) is correct. He thus seems to be committed to either nihilism or (...)
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  17.  15
    How Tolerant Must a Relativist Be?Michael Wreen - forthcoming - Public Affairs Quarterly.
  18.  79
    Once is Not Enough?Michael Wreen - 1990 - British Journal of Aesthetics 30 (2):149-158.
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  19. Abortion and Pregnancy Due to Rape.Michael Wreen - 1992 - Philosophia 21 (3-4):201-220.
  20. Proper Names and the Necessity of Identity Statements.Michael Wreen - 1998 - Synthese 114 (2):319-335.
    An identity statement flanked on both sides with proper names is necessarily true, Saul Kripke thinks, if it's true at all. Thus, contrary to the received view – or at least what was, prior to Kripke, the received view – a statement like(A) Hesperus is Phosphorus.
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  21.  26
    Omnipotence.Michael Wreen - 2018 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 84 (2):205-221.
    If asked to define ‘omnipotence,’ the man on the street would probably say that it’s the ability to do anything. That’s about it, he’d think; nothing more needs be said. Philosophers are never so easily satisfied. They take it as matter of professional duty to find serious problems in important concepts, and to suggest that the concept be rejected or that solutions are at hand. This paper falls into the latter camp. Beginning with a relatively simple definition of ‘omnipotence,’ increasingly (...)
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  22.  79
    Goodman on Forgery.Michael Wreen - 1983 - Philosophical Quarterly 33 (133):340-353.
  23.  92
    Abortion: The Extreme Liberal Position.Michael Wreen - 1987 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 12 (3):241-265.
    Discussions regarding abortion are often misguided and confused. This paper critically examines the extreme liberal view, which argues that neither the fetus, at any stage of development, nor the young infant has a right to life. It focuses on the general argumentative strategy employed by a number of philosophers in arriving at an extreme liberal view. An evaluative critique of an extreme liberal view is offered as a step toward clarifying and expanding upon the abortion debate. Keywords: abortion, personhood, speciesism, (...)
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  24.  82
    A P.S. On B.S.: Some Remarks on Humbug and Bullshit.Michael Wreen - 2013 - Metaphilosophy 44 (1-2):105-115.
    While lies have attracted philosophical attention since antiquity, phenomena in the near area have generated considerably less interest. Lately, however, Max Black and Harry Frankfurt have visited a close relative: humbug or bullshit, as it's either more politely or more rudely called. In this article their views on humbug and bullshit are exposed, explained, critiqued, and, ultimately, rejected. An alternative view is then proposed and defended.
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  25.  14
    My Kind of Person.Michael Wreen - 1986 - Between the Species 2 (1):9.
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  26. Descartes, Doubt, and Dualism.Michael Wreen - 2005 - Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 8.
    One well-known argument for the view that a person isn’t identical with his body is commonly attributed to Descartes. In brief, the argument is: ‘I can doubt that my body exists; I can’t doubt that I exist; so I am not my body.’ No one thinks that the argument is sound --- not even Descartes after he closely examined it. In this paper, I reconstruct the argument, explain and criticize various objections to it , and identify and defend what I (...)
     
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  27.  14
    The Aesthetic Point of View: Selected Essays.Monroe Beardsley, Michael Wreen & Donald Callen - 1983 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 42 (2):213-217.
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  28.  22
    Light From Darkness, From Ignorance Knowledge.Michael Wreen - 1989 - Dialectica 43 (4):299-314.
    SummaryThis paper is a critical examination of argumentum ad ignorantiam, or arguing from ignorance. Ad ignorantiam is regarded as a fallacy, and certainly no route to knowledge, by most philosophers. However, case studies of ad ignorantiam are almost non‐existent, and theoretical discussions few in number. Thus this paper begins with a number of case studies. From them some morals are drawn. The morals concern the interpretation and evaluation of arguments in general and the nature and epistemic value of ad ignorantiam (...)
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  29.  49
    The Identity of Indiscernibles.Michael Wreen - 2015 - Philosophy 90 (1):33-57.
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  30.  31
    The Definition of Suicide.Michael Wreen - 1988 - Social Theory and Practice 14 (1):1-23.
  31.  38
    Breathing a Little Life Into a Distinction.Michael Wreen - 1984 - Philosophical Studies 46 (3):395 - 402.
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  32.  80
    Some Remarks on Forgery, Plagiarism, and Piracy.Michael Wreen - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (1):129-137.
  33.  37
    Creativity.Michael Wreen - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (3):891-913.
    This paper is an analysis of the concept of creativity. Tradition is followed in distinguishing three related but increasing complex concepts. The first concerns mere making or bringing into existence. It is not examined at length. The second builds on the first but includes the notion of novelty. The third incorporates the second but adds the notion of value. The latter two concepts of creativity are explored in great detail.
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  34.  49
    Three Arguments Against Intentionalism in Interpretation.Michael Wreen - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 1:283-287.
    Some philosophers identify the meaning of a work of art with what the artist intended the work to mean. Other philosophers think that although an artist’s intentions don’t fully determine a work’s meaning, they are a partial determinate of it. Last, there are philosophers who think that an artist’s intentions have no bearing on a work’s meaning. This paper is an examination of several arguments for the last of these three positions. In particular, it is a critical examination of three (...)
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  35.  44
    Two 'By' Ways.Michael Wreen - 1987 - Analysis 47 (2):120 - 124.
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  36.  80
    H.G. Callaway, Context for Meaning and Analysis: A Critical Study in the Philosophy of Language. [REVIEW]Michael Wreen - 1997 - Erkenntnis 46 (3):401-405.
    Context is mainly a critical history of one of the central strands – arguably, the central strand – of the analytic tradition in philosophy, namely, the philosophy of language. Key figures that put in an appearance include Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Carnap, Ayer, Hempel, Tarski, Quine, Davidson, Putnam, and Dewey, the last being a somewhat odd figure, given the general tenor of Callaway’s cavalcade of stars. Meaning and analysis are the focus of attention, and true to his title, Callaway doesn’t hesitate (...)
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  37.  81
    A Prolegomenon to Moral Relativism.Michael Wreen - 2005 - Philosophia 32 (1-4):253-274.
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  38.  66
    The Restoration and Reproduction of Works of Art.Michael Wreen - 1985 - Dialogue 24 (1):91-.
    In 1972, one of Michelangelo's earliest and best-known Pietàs was attacked by an evident lunatic. Fifteen times it was struck with a ninepound hammer; the Madonna's arm was broken in several places, her nose was knocked off, and her eye and veil were badly chipped. Immediately after the assault, and before knowing precisely what was needed to be replaced, the Director of the Vatican Museum, Redig de Campos, decided that integral restoration was called for.
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  39.  30
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Michael Wreen & StevenW Davis - 1985 - Journal of Value Inquiry 19 (3).
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  40.  43
    Plantinga on the De Dicto/De Re Distinction.Michael Wreen - 1986 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 27 (1):49-55.
    Over the past fifteen years or so the distinction between de diclo and de re modality has been revived and pressed into service in a number of areas of philosophy. In "Plantinga on the De Dicto/De Re Distinction" it is argued that one prominent argument/persuasion advanced for making the distinction in the first place is unsound. The argument for making the distinction attempts to elicit rational acceptance of it by clearly illustrating it with a proposition that is false when modal-fied (...)
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  41.  35
    The Asymmetry of Verification and Falsification.Michael Wreen - 1990 - Sophia 29 (1):42-55.
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  42.  16
    Medical Futility and Physician Discretion.Michael Wreen - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1:257-267.
    Some patients have no chance of surviving if not treated, but very little chance if treated. A number of medical ethicists and physicians have argued that treatment in such cases is medically futile and a matter of physician discretion. This paper is a critical examination of that position. According to Howard Brody and others, a judgment of medical futility is a purely technical matter, and one which physicians are uniquely qualified to make. Although Brody later retracted these claims, he held (...)
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  43.  40
    Three Related Objections to Relativism.Michael Wreen - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:453-457.
    The most frequent charges brought against moral relativism are probably that it is inconsistent, that it has morally repugnant implications, and that it leads to amoralism, or the breakdown of morality altogether. A less frequent but still common objection is more conceptual in nature: relativism cannot make any sense of a certain species of comparative moral judgment, namely those that morally compare two moral codes. The general form of this kind of judgment is: ‘Moral code A is morally superior to (...)
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  44.  15
    Mackie on the Objectivity of Values.Michael Wreen - 1985 - Dialectica 39 (2):147-156.
  45.  16
    If At All Humanly Possible.Michael Wreen - 1986 - Between the Species 2 (4):7.
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  46.  52
    The Case for Animal Experimentation: An Evolutionary and Ethical Perspective Michael Allen Fox Berkeley, Ca: University of California Press, 1986. Pp. Xiv, 262. $18.95. [REVIEW]Michael Wreen & Peter Amadio - 1987 - Dialogue 26 (3):597.
  47.  17
    Jump with Common Spirits: Is an Ad Populum Argument Fallacious?Michael Wreen - 1993 - Metaphilosophy 24 (1-2):61-75.
  48.  14
    J. Skelly Wright And Refusal Of Treatment.Michael Wreen - 1982 - Journal of Medical Humanities 4 (1):11-28.
    This article is a critical analysis of Judge J. Skelly Wright's “Application of President and Directors of Georgetown College.” Wright's paper concerns the refusal of a Mrs. Jones to allow a blood transfusion needed to save her life and Wright's decision, based on a number of social, medical, legal, religious, and psychological facts, to permit the transfusion. The presentation is a close paraphrase of Wright's own case write-up. Critical expositions of five arguments explicitly advanced by Wright for his decision to (...)
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  49.  3
    Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind. [REVIEW]Michael Wreen - 1987 - International Studies in Philosophy 19 (3):113-114.
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  50.  10
    Some Remarks on Forgery, Plagiarism and Piracy.Michael Wreen - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (1):129-137.
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