Results for 'Ove Ahlman'

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  1.  9
    Simple Structures Axiomatized by Almost Sure Theories.Ove Ahlman - 2016 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 167 (5):435-456.
  2.  5
    Random ℓ-Colourable Structures with a Pregeometry.Ove Ahlman & Vera Koponen - 2017 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 63 (1-2):32-58.
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  3. Erik Ahlman merkityksestä ja kommunikaatiosta.Tuomo Aho - 2019 - Ajatus 76 (1):83-99.
    Eräs 1900-luvun kielifilosofian kiinnostavimmista aloitteista oli ehdotus, joka määritteli merkitykset kommunikaation avulla, puhujien intentioiden kautta. Tämä linja kehittyi aikanaan kuuluisaksi Paul Gricen ansiosta. Osoittautuu, että hyvin samantapaisia ajatuksia oli alustavasti esittänyt jo suomalainen Erik Ahlman useissa teksteissään vuodesta 1926 alkaen. Hänen tärkein innoittajansa oli silloin Anton Martyn kieliteoria. Ahlman tekee myös olennaisen erottelun: toisaalta puhujilla on yksityiset intentionsa, toisaalta kielen yleinen normisto säätelee ”pelin sääntöjen lailla” sitä mitä lauseella voi mielekkäästi ilmaista. Ilmeisesti Ahlman on etappi Martyn ja (...)
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  4.  60
    Decision Making Under Great Uncertainty.Sven Ove Hansson - 1996 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 26 (3):369-386.
    This article is an attempt at a systematic account of decision making under greater uncertainty than what traditional, mathematically oriented decision theory can cope with. Four components of great uncertainty are distinguished: (1) the identity of the options is not well determined (uncertainty of demarcation) ; (2) the consequences of at least some option are unknown (uncertainty of consequences); (3) it is not clear whether information obtained from others, such as experts, can be relied on (uncertainty of reliance); and (4) (...)
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  5. Weighing Risks and Benefits.Sven Ove Hansson - 2004 - Topoi 23 (2):145-152.
    It is almost universally acknowledged that risks have to be weighed against benefits, but there are different ways to perform the weighing. In conventional risk analysis, collectivist risk-weighing is the standard. This means that an option is accepted if the sum of all individual benefits outweighs the sum of all individual risks. In practices originating in clinical medicine, such as ethical appraisals of clinical trials, individualist risk-weighing is the standard. This implies a much stricter criterion for risk acceptance, namely that (...)
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  6.  12
    From the Casino to the Jungle: Dealing with Uncertainty in Technological Risk Management.Sven Ove Hansson - 2009 - Synthese 168 (3):423-432.
    Clear-cut cases of decision-making under risk are unusual in real life. The gambler's decisions at the roulette table are as close as we can get to this type of decision-making. In contrast, decision-making under uncertainty can be exemplified by a decision whether to enter a jungle that may contain unknown dangers. Life is usually more like an expedition into an unknown jungle than a visit to the casino. Nevertheless, it is common in decisionsupporting disciplines to proceed as if reasonably reliable (...)
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  7. A Survey of Multiple Contractions.André Fuhrmann & Sven Ove Hansson - 1994 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 3 (1):39-75.
    The AGM theory of belief contraction is extended tomultiple contraction, i.e. to contraction by a set of sentences rather than by a single sentence. There are two major variants: Inpackage contraction all the sentences must be removed from the belief set, whereas inchoice contraction it is sufficient that at least one of them is removed. Constructions of both types of multiple contraction are offered and axiomatically characterized. Neither package nor choice contraction can in general be reduced to contractions by single (...)
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  8.  2
    Psychiatric Diagnoses Differ Considerably in Their Associations With Alcohol/Drug-Related Problems Among Adolescents. A Norwegian Population-Based Survey Linked With National Patient Registry Data.Ove Heradstveit, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Jørn Hetland, Robert Stewart & Mari Hysing - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  9.  12
    Belief Change: Introduction and Overview.Eduardo Fermé & Sven Ove Hansson - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This book explains how the logic of theory change employs formal models in the investigation of changes in belief states and databases. The topics covered include equivalent characterizations of AGM operations, extended representations of the belief states, change operators not included in the original framework, iterated change, applications of the model, its connections with other formal frameworks, and criticism of the model.
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  10.  3
    Ove Arup: Philosophy of Design: Essays 1942-1981.O. N. Arup - 2012 - Prestel.
    The founder of the eponymous engineering firm, which continues to realize seminal projects around the world, Ove Arup is widely acknowledged as one of the most significant engineers of his time. Generated over the course of his illustrious career, these lectures, essays, and interviews broadlyshare several themes: insight into Arup's thinking on the nature of good design, quality and value in the built environment, and the growing need for better collaboration between engineers, architects, and contractors in order to exploit technological (...)
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  11.  32
    Development of Leadership Theory in the Perspective of Kierkegaard’s Philosophy.Ove D. Jakobsen & Vivi M. L. Storsletten - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (2):337-349.
    In this article, we discuss and compare various positions in leadership theory through the perspective of Kierkegaard’s modes of existence. After a brief presentation of the three modes of existence—aesthetic, ethical and religious—and a description of the ironic–reflective interpretation of the change process, we synthesize leadership theories into the three main positions of instrumental, responsible and spiritual. Later, we compare and integrate the different positions in leadership theory with the three modes of existence. We argue that the various positions in (...)
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  12.  44
    Should Probabilistic Design Replace Safety Factors?Neelke Doorn & Sven Ove Hansson - 2011 - Philosophy and Technology 24 (2):151-168.
    Should Probabilistic Design Replace Safety Factors? Content Type Journal Article Pages 151-168 DOI 10.1007/s13347-010-0003-6 Authors Neelke Doorn, Department of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, PO Box 5015, 2600 GA Delft, The Netherlands Sven Ove Hansson, Department of Philosophy and the History of Technology, Royal Institute of Technology, Teknikringen 78 B, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden Journal Philosophy & Technology Online ISSN 2210-5441 Print ISSN 2210-5433 Journal Volume Volume 24 Journal Issue Volume 24, Number 2.
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  13.  18
    How to Make Up One's Mind.Li Zhang & Sven Ove Hansson - 2015 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 23 (4):705-717.
  14. Ove Si Va? [REVIEW]N. Fornelli - 1904 - Ancient Philosophy (Misc) 14:634.
     
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  15. Tadmit Òve-Toda°Ah Hisòtorit Be-Yahadut Uvi-Sevivatah Ha-Tarbutit.Amos Funkenstein - 1991
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  16. Hagut Òve-Hitnasut Mivòhar Ketavim.Gershon Weiler & Aharon Amir - 1996 - Ha-Òkibuts Ha-Me®Uòhad.
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  17.  23
    Sven Ove Hansson (Ed.): The Ethics of Technology. Methods and Approaches. [REVIEW]Diana Adela Martin - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1:1-3.
    The Ethics of Technology. Methods and Approaches avoids the overly simplistic and individualistic approach to the ethics of technology, which might otherwise mislead the reader into a superficial understanding of the discipline. Too often, the ethics of technology is reduced to an overt and over reliance on professional codes, ethical theories (spelled out in terms of the dichotomy between deontology and utilitarianism) and the application of a prescribed heuristic to what most often are black and white individualistic dilemmas described by (...)
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  18. Sven Ove Hansson and Elin Palm, Eds., The Ethics of Workplace Privacy Reviewed By.Annabelle Lever - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26 (5):348-350.
  19. Cage, J. 304.E. Ahlman, T. Aquinas, M. Aydede, M. Ayers, K. Barber, Fr Bassenge, W. Baumgartner, W. Beermann, D. Bell & J. Bennett - 2006 - In Markus Textor (ed.), The Austrian Contribution to Analytic Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 324.
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  20. The Medical Problems of Henry VIII.Ove Brinch - 1958 - Centaurus 5 (3-4):339-369.
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  21.  31
    The Role of Technology in Science: Philosophical Perspectives.Sven Ove Hansson (ed.) - 2015 - Springer Verlag.
    In the first part of this paper, I clear the ground from frequent misconceptions of the relationship between fact and value by examining some uses of the adjective “natural” in ethical controversies. Such uses bear evidence to our “natural” tendency to regard nature as the source of ethical norms. I then try to account for the origins of this tendency by offering three related explanations, the most important of which is evolutionistic: if any behaviour that favours our equilibrium with the (...)
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  22.  27
    Safe Contraction Revisited.Hans Rott & Sven Ove Hansson - 2014 - In Sven Ove Hansson (ed.), David Makinson on Classical Methods for Non-Classical Problems (Outstanding Contributions to Logic, Vol. 3). Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 35–70.
    Modern belief revision theory is based to a large extent on partial meet contraction that was introduced in the seminal article by Carlos Alchourrón, Peter Gärdenfors, and David Makinson that appeared in 1985. In the same year, Alchourrón and Makinson published a significantly different approach to the same problem, called safe contraction. Since then, safe contraction has received much less attention than partial meet contraction. The present paper summarizes the current state of knowledge on safe contraction, provides some new results (...)
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  23.  36
    European Public Advice on Nanobiotechnology—Four Convergence Seminars.Marion Godman & Sven Ove Hansson - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (1):43-59.
    In order to explore public views on nanobiotechnology (NBT), convergence seminars were held in four places in Europe; namely in Visby (Sweden), Sheffield (UK), Lublin (Poland), and Porto (Portugal). A convergence seminar is a new form of public participatory activity that can be used to deal systematically with the uncertainty associated for instance with the development of an emerging technology like nanobiotechnology. In its first phase, the participants are divided into three “scenario groups” that discuss different future scenarios. In the (...)
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  24.  14
    Hypothesis Formation and Testing in the Acquisition of Representationally Simple Concepts.Iris Oved - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (1):227-247.
    Observations from philosophy and psychology heavily favor the Empiricist tenet that many lexical concepts are learned. However, many observations also heavily favor the Nativist tenet that such concepts are representationally atomic. Fodor Representations: Philosophical essays on the foundations of cognitive science, 1981, LOT2: The language of thought revisited, 2008) has famously argued that representationally atomic concepts cannot be learned, at least not learned by hypothesis formation and testing. Concept theorists who want to preserve observations about concept learning have developed acquisition (...)
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  25.  10
    Sven Ove Hansson : The Ethics of Technology. Methods and Approaches: London; New York: Rowman & Littlefield International Ltd., 2017, 9781783486588, 31.95£, 263+Xiii Pp.Diana Martin - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (5):1247-1249.
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  26. The Homeric Prefiguration of Sophocles’ Heracles.Ove Strid - 2013 - Hermes 141 (4):381-400.
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  27.  20
    Sven Ove Hansson. The Structure of Values and Norms. Cambridge Studies in Probability, Induction, and Decision Theory. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, Etc., 2001, Xiii + 314 Pp. [REVIEW]Patrice Bailhache - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (4):531-533.
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  28. Sven Ove Hansson and Elin Palm, Eds., The Ethics of Workplace Privacy. [REVIEW]Annabelle Lever - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26:348-350.
     
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  29. Sven Ove Hansson.Taking Belief Bases Seriously - 1994 - In Dag Prawitz & Dag Westerståhl (eds.), Logic and Philosophy of Science in Uppsala. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 13.
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  30.  42
    Ove Kaj Pedersen, Konkurrencestaten.Johannes Adamsen - 2013 - Studier i Pædagogisk Filosofi 2 (1):88-90.
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  31. Knut Ove Eliassen: Foucaults begreper.Arild Utaker - 2016 - Agora 34 (1):285-298.
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  32.  73
    AGM 25 Years: Twenty-Five Years of Research in Belief Change.Eduardo Fermé & Sven Ove Hansson - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (2):295 - 331.
    The 1985 paper by Carlos Alchourrón (1931–1996), Peter Gärdenfors, and David Makinson (AGM), "On the Logic of Theory Change: Partial Meet Contraction and Revision Functions" was the starting-point of a large and rapidly growing literature that employs formal models in the investigation of changes in belief states and databases. In this review, the first twentyfive years of this development are summarized. The topics covered include equivalent characterizations of AGM operations, extended representations of the belief states, change operators not included in (...)
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  33.  29
    AGM 25 Years: Twenty-Five Years of Research in Belief Change.Eduardo Fermé & Sven Ove Hansson - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (2):295-331.
    The 1985 paper by Carlos Alchourrón, Peter Gärdenfors, and David Makinson, “On the Logic of Theory Change: Partial Meet Contraction and Revision Functions” was the starting-point of a large and rapidly growing literature that employs formal models in the investigation of changes in belief states and databases. In this review, the first twenty-five years of this development are summarized. The topics covered include equivalent characterizations of AGM operations, extended representations of the belief states, change operators not included in the original (...)
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  34.  10
    Voiceless Victims, Memorable Deaths in Herodotus.Ove Strid - 2006 - Classical Quarterly 56 (2):393-403.
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  35. Vision, Knowledge, and the Mystery Link.John L. Pollock & Iris Oved - 2005 - Noûs 39 (1):309-351.
    Imagine yourself sitting on your front porch, sipping your morning coffee and admiring the scene before you. You see trees, houses, people, automobiles; you see a cat running across the road, and a bee buzzing among the flowers. You see that the flowers are yellow, and blowing in the wind. You see that the people are moving about, many of them on bicycles. You see that the houses are painted different colors, mostly earth tones, and most are one-story but a (...)
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  36.  11
    National Repertoires of Moral Values.Ove Skarpenes, Rune Sakslind & Roger Hestholm - 2016 - Cultura 13 (1):7-27.
    The aim in this article is to widen the understanding of the significance of morality in the Norwegian social formation by comparing it with the French and the American case. After the introductory discussion of the new sociology of morality, previous findings from a study of the Norwegian middle class are reported. A short presentation of republicanism in France and Americanism in USA is followed by an analysis of the cultural and structural peculiarities of the Norwegian case, arguing that the (...)
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  37.  26
    Baptizing Meanings for Concepts.Iris Oved - 2009 - Dissertation, Rutgers University
    Most people find it obvious that concepts like APPLE, DOG, WATER, CACTUS, SWIM, CHIRP, FURRY, and SMOOTH are acquired from perceptual experiences along with some kind of inferential procedure. Models of how these concepts are inferentially acquired, however, force the acquired concepts to be representationally complex, built from, and composed by, the more primitive representations. Since at least the time of Plato, philosophers and psychologists have struggled to find complex sets of representations that have the same meanings, definitionally or probabilistically, (...)
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  38. Gymnastik og romantik.Ove Korsgaard - 2008 - In Ole Hã¸Iris & Thomas Ledet (eds.), Romantikkens Verden: Natur, Menneske, Samfund, Kunst Og Kultur. Aarhus Universitetsforlag. pp. 231.
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  39. Grundtvig 's Philosophy of Enlightenment and Education.Ove Korsgaard - 2011 - In N. F. S. Grundtvig (ed.), The School for Life: N. Aarhus University Press.
     
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  40.  10
    Niels Bohr: Memoirs of a Working Relationship. Stefan Rozental.Ove Nathan - 1999 - Isis 90 (4):836-837.
  41.  4
    Dating the Oldest Egyptian Star Map.Ove Spaeth - 2000 - Centaurus 42 (3):159-179.
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  42. Hansson. Logic of Belief Revision.Sven Ove - forthcoming - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford University, Spring.
     
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  43. The Danish Negotiated Economy.Ove K. Pedersen - 2012 - Ethos(misc.) 11:19-25.
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  44.  18
    Giving the Spirit a National Form: From Rousseau's Advice to Poland to Habermas' Advice to the European Union.Ove Korsgaard - 2006 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 38 (2):231–246.
    Rousseau's philosophy of education is contained not only in Emile , but also in The Government of Poland . In each of them he emphasises different aspects of education: How to be a human being? And: How to be a citizen? The main theme investigated by Rousseau in The Government of Poland, is how a minor nation surrounded by such major powers as Russia, Prussia and Austria can ensure its survival? Not having the option of defending itself against its powerful (...)
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  45.  53
    Safety is More Than the Antonym of Risk.Niklas Möller, Sven Ove Hansson & Martin Peterson - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (4):419–432.
  46. 閃 Oving Forward by Looking Back: Revisiting Melvin Pollner 痴鼎 Onstitutive and Mundane Versions of Labeling Theory. 白.Berard Tj - 2002 - Human Studies 25 (4):495-498.
     
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  47.  17
    Vision, Knowledge, and the Mystery Link.John L. Pollock & Iris Oved - 2005 - Philosophical Perspectives 19 (1):309-351.
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  48.  40
    Sven Ove Hansson & Elin Palm (Eds.): The Ethics of Workplace Privacy, Rle.- Peter Lang, Brussels, 2005. 186 Pp. [REVIEW]May Thorseth - 2006 - Theoria 72 (4):346-351.
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  49.  33
    Faculty Members' Attitudes Towards Ethics at Norwegian Business Schools: An Explorative Study. [REVIEW]Ove D. Jakobsen, Knut J. Ims & Kjell Grønhaug - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (3):299 - 314.
    A survey of recent research reveals that there is a growing interest in knowledge regarding the opinions and attitudes toward ethics amongst business school faculty members. Based on an empirical study conducted in Norway we address the following issue: “What do faculty members of the Norwegian Business Schools consider to be their responsibilities in preparing their students for leading positions in public and private organizations?” Moving on to interpreting the results from the survey, we discuss the empirical findings by comparing (...)
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  50.  46
    The False Promises of Risk Analysis.Sven Ove Hansson - 1993 - Ratio 6 (1):16-26.
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