Results for 'J. C'

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  1. Metaphysics and Morality: Essays in Honour of J. J. C. Smart.J. J. C. Smart, Philip Pettit, Richard Sylvan & Jean Norman (eds.) - 1987 - Blackwell.
     
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  2.  55
    ExplanationOpening Address: J. J. C. Smart.J. J. C. Smart - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:1-19.
    It is a pleasure for me to give this opening address to the Royal Institute of Philosophy Conference onExplanationfor two reasons. The first is that (...)
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  3.  45
    Realism V. Idealism: J. J. C. Smart.J. J. C. Smart - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (237):295-312.
    It is characteristic of realists to separate ontology from epistemology and of idealists to mix the two things up. Byidealistshere I am mainly referring to (...)
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  4.  34
    Ethics and Science: J. J. C. Smart.J. J. C. Smart - 1981 - Philosophy 56 (218):449-465.
    It has frequently been lamented that while the human species has made immense progress in science it is nevertheless ethically backward. This ethical backwardness is all the (...)
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  5.  68
    God, Hume and Natural Belief: J. C. A. Gaskin.J. C. A. Gaskin - 1974 - Philosophy 49 (189):281-294.
    Hume's doctrine of natural belief allows that certain beliefs are justifiably held by all men without regard to the quality of the evidence which may be (...)produced in their favour. Examples are belief in an external world and belief in the veracity of our senses. According to R. J. Butler, Hume argues in the Dialogues that belief in God is of this sort. More recently John Hick has argued that for some people it is as natural to believe in God as to believe in an external world. I shall first inquire what Hume understands by reasonable belief and by natural belief. I shall then use the results of this investigation to argue, against Butler, that belief in God is not a natural belief; and against Hick, more briefly, that his thesis is not viable in as far as it depends upon Hume's doctrine of natural belief. These discussions are important to the philosophy of religion since by means of natural beliefs it could be urged that belief in God is something justifiable without reference to reason or evidence: a position which would be of immense value to the theist. (shrink)
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  6. "Robertson", J. C., Latin Songs New and Old Selected and Written by J. C. Robertson.J. C. Robertson - 1935 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 29:189.
  7.  25
    Looks Redand Dangerous Talk: J. J. C. Smart.J. J. C. Smart - 1995 - Philosophy 70 (274):545-554.
    This paper is partly to get rid of some irritation which I have felt at the quite common tendency of philosophers to elucidateis redin terms (...)
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  8.  71
    Arguments for Liberty: a Libertarian Miscellany.J. C. Lester - [2011] 2016 - Buckingham: The University of Buckingham Press.
    Liberty is what libertarians advocate. Both because of the inherent value of human liberty and because of the increasing wealth and welfare it brings to all. They (...)
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  9.  49
    Disclosures: J. C. A. GASKIN.J. C. A. Gaskin - 1973 - Religious Studies 9 (2):131-141.
    Dr Ian Ramsey has made considerable use of the worddisclosurein what he has to say about religion and in his attempts to give an account (...)
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  10.  37
    Faith and History: A Critique of Recent Dogmatics: J. C. THOMAS.J. C. Thomas - 1982 - Religious Studies 18 (3):327-336.
    A great deal of modern Protestant theology looks very much like an attempt to conduct a salvage operation which is designed to make clear how it is (...)
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  11.  23
    Myhill J. and Shepherdson J. C.. Effective Operations on Partial Recursive Functions. Zeitschrift Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathetnatik, Vol. 1 , Pp. 310317[REVIEW]J. C. E. Dekker - 1957 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 22 (3):303-303.
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  12.  14
    Review: J. Myhill, J. C. Shepherdson, Effective Operations on Partial Recursive Functions[REVIEW]J. C. E. Dekker - 1957 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 22 (3):303-303.
  13.  58
    Spandrels of Truth.J. C. Beall - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    In Spandrels of Truth, Beall concisely presents and defends a modest, so-called dialetheic theory of transparent truth.
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  14.  30
    Churchman C. West. Elements of Logic and Formal Science. J. B. Lippincott Company, Chicago, Philadelphia, New York, 1940, Ix + 337 Pp[REVIEW]J. C. C. McKinsey - 1941 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 6 (4):169-170.
  15.  24
    Set Theory and Its Logic.J. C. Shepherdson & Willard Van Orman Quine - 1965 - Philosophical Quarterly 15 (61):371.
  16. Logical Consequence.J. C. Beall, Greg Restall & Gil Sagi - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    A good argument is one whose conclusions follow from its premises; its conclusions are consequences of its premises. But in what sense do conclusions follow from premises? (...)
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  17. The Natural Philosophy of Time, by G. J. Whitrow[REVIEW]J. J. C. Smart - 1961 - Philosophical Review 72 (3):405-407.
  18.  55
    The Design Argument: Hume's Critique of Poor Reason: J. C. A. GASKIN.J. C. A. Gaskin - 1976 - Religious Studies 12 (3):331-345.
    In an article in Philosophy R. G. Swinburne set out to argue that none of Hume's formal objections to the design argumenthave any validity against (...)a carefully articulated version of the argument’ . This, he maintained, is largely because Hume's criticismsare bad criticisms of the argument in any form’ . The ensuing controversy between Swinburne and Olding 1 has focused upon the acceptable/unacceptable aspects of the dualism presupposed in Swinburne's defence of the design argument; upon whether any simplification is achieved by reducing scientific explanation to agent explanation; and upon the problems which arise from taking a man's acting upon his body as the analogy for understanding a disembodied agent acting upon matter. In this article I shall refer to the Swinburne-Olding controversy when appropriate but my main concern is to return to Swinburne's original article and argue, seriatim , that Hume's individual criticisms of the design argument are for the most part a great deal more powerful than Swinburne allowed. I shall contend that cumulatively they destroy the design argument as any sort of rational foundation for theistic belief. But first I shall indicate briefly the character of the argument together with one or two of the distinctions and refinements in terms of which it has been found helpful to carry on the discussion in recent years. (shrink)
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  19.  86
    Some Theorems About the Sentential Calculi of Lewis and Heyting.J. C. C. McKinsey & Alfred Tarski - 1948 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 13 (1):1-15.
  20.  36
    C. R. J. Clapham. An Embedding Theorem for Finitely Generated Groups. Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society, Ser. 3 Vol. 17 , Pp. 419430[REVIEW]J. C. Shepherdson - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (2):340-341.
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  21.  32
    Review: C. R. J. Clapham, An Embedding Theorem for Finitely Generated Groups[REVIEW]J. C. Shepherdson - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (2):340-341.
  22.  22
    Where Does the Cholinergic Modulation of the EEG Take Place?J. C. Szerb & J. D. Dudar - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):493-493.
  23. Revenge of the Liar: New Essays on the Paradox.J. C. Beall (ed.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    The Liar paradox raises foundational questions about logic, language, and truth (and semantic notions in general). A simple Liar sentence like 'This sentence is false' appears to (...)
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  24.  36
    The Algebra of Topology.J. C. C. Mckinsey & Alfred Tarski - 1944 - Annals of Mathematics, Second Series 45:141-191.
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  25. The Greeks on Pleasure.J. C. B. Gosling & C. C. W. Taylor - 1982 - Oxford University Press.
    Provides a critical and analytical history of ancient Greek theories on the nature of pleasure, and of its value and rolein human lfie, from the ealriest times (...)
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  26.  45
    A Non-Standard Model for a Free Variable Fragment of Number Theory.J. C. Shepherdson - 1965 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 30 (3):389-390.
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  27. Coping with Nonconceptualism? On Merleau-Ponty and McDowell.J. C. Berendzen - 2009 - Philosophy Today 53 (2):162-173.
  28.  28
    SMART, J. J. C.: "Philosophy and Scientific Realism".M. C. Bradley - 1964 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 42:262.
  29.  54
    Bio-Agency and the Problem of Action.J. C. Skewes & C. A. Hooker - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (3):283 - 300.
    The Aristotle-Kant tradition requires that autonomous activity must originate within the self and points toward a new type of causation (different from natural efficient causation) associated (...)with teleology. Notoriously, it has so far proven impossible to uncover a workable model of causation satisfying these requirements without an increasingly unsatisfying appeal to extra-physical elements tailor-made for the purpose. In this paper we first provide the essential reason why the standard linear model of efficient causation cannot support the required model of agency: its causal thread model of efficient causation cannot support the core requirement that an action is determined by, and thus an expression of, the agents nature. We then provide a model that corrects these deficiencies, constructed naturalistically from within contemporary biology, and argue that it provides an appropriate foundation for all the features of genuine agency. Further, we provide general characterisations of freedom and reason suitable to this bio-context (but that also capture the core classical conceptions) and show how this model reconciles them. (shrink)
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  30.  26
    Computability of Recursive Functions.J. C. Shepherdson & H. E. Sturgis - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (1):122-123.
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  31. Possibilities and Paradox: An Introduction to Modal and Many-Valued Logic.J. C. Beall - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Extensively classroom-tested, Possibilities and Paradox provides an accessible and carefully structured introduction to modal and many-valued logic. The authors cover the basic formal frameworks, enlivening the (...) discussion of these different systems of logic by considering their philosophical motivations and implications. Easily accessible to students with no background in the subject, the text features innovative learning aids in each chapter, including exercises that provide hands-on experience, examples that demonstrate the application of concepts, and guides to further reading. (shrink)
     
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  32.  83
    Humes Philosophy of Religion.J. C. A. Gaskin - 1988 - Humanities Press.
  33. On Truthmakers for Negative Truths.J. C. Beall - 2000 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (2):264 – 268.
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  34. Liars and Heaps: New Essays on Paradox.J. C. Beall (ed.) - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Semantic and soritical paradoxes challenge entrenched, fundamental principles about language - principles about truth, denotation, quantification, and, among others, 'tolerance'. Study of the paradoxes helps us determine which (...) logical principles are correct. So it is that they serve not only as a topic of philosophical inquiry but also as a constraint on such inquiry: they often dictate the semantic and logical limits of discourse in general. Sixteen specially written essays by leading figures in the field offer new thoughts and arguments about the paradoxes. (shrink)
     
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  35.  23
    Epistemology and Justifying the Curriculum of Educational Studies.J. C. Walker & C. W. Evers - 1982 - British Journal of Educational Studies 30 (2):213 - 229.
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  36. On Mixed Inferences and Pluralism About Truth Predicates.J. C. Beall - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (200):380-382.
  37.  22
    On the Interpretation of Aristotelian Syllogistic.J. C. Shepherdson - 1956 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 21 (2):137-147.
  38.  13
    Inner Models for Set TheoryPart II.J. C. Shepherdson - 1952 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (4):225-237.
    In this paper we continue the study of inner models of the type studied inInner models for set theoryPart I.The present paper is concerned exclusively with (...) a particular kind of model, thesuper-complete modelsdefined in section 2.4 of I. The condition of 2.4 and the completeness condition 1.42 imply that such a model is uniquely determined when its universal class Vmis given. Writing condition and the completeness conditions 1.41, 1.42 in terms of Vm, we may state the definition in the form:3.1. Dfn.A classVmis said to determine a super-complete model if the model whose basic notions are defined by,satisfies axiomsA, B, C.N. B. This definition is not necessarily metamathematical in nature. If desired, it could be written out quite formally as the definition of a notionSCMthus:whereψ is the propositional function expressing in terms ofUthe fact that the model determined byUaccording to 3.1 satisfies the relativization of axioms A, B, C. E.g. corresponding to axiom A1m, i.e.,,ψ contains the equivalent term. All the relativized axioms can be similarly expressed in this way by first writing out the relativized form and then replacingϕ bywhich is in turn replaced by, and similarly replacingϕbyϕby ‘), andThusψ is obtained in primitive notation. (shrink)
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  39.  9
    Epistemology and Justifying the Curriculum of Educational Studies.J. C. Walker & C. W. Evers - 1982 - British Journal of Educational Studies 30 (2):213-229.
  40.  40
    A Solution of the Decision Problem for the Lewis Systems S2 and S4, with an Application to Topology.J. C. C. McKinsey - 1941 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 6 (4):117-134.
  41.  26
    Explaining Libertarianism: Some Philosophical Arguments.J. C. Lester - 2014 - Buckingham: The University of Buckingham Press.
    This books four main theses: -/- (1) Interpersonal liberty requires an explicit, pre-propertarian, purely factual, theory. -/- (2) Liberty isand need only bemorally desirable in systematic (...) practice, not in every logically possible case. In practice, there is no clash between the two main moral contenders: rights and consequences. -/- (3) Nothing can ever justify, support, or ground any theory of liberty or its applications, because it is logically impossible to transcend assumptions. Theories can only be explained, criticised, and defended within conjectural frameworks. -/- (4) The state is inherently authoritarian and also negative-sum. It reduces welfare overall, with the losses compounding over time. Libertarian anarchic order is the positive-sum solution to illiberal political chaos. -/- J C Lester is a philosopher whose solution to the crucial philosophical problem of interpersonal liberty provides an explicit theory of liberty, explains how its application entails self-ownership and external property, and relates to all other interpersonal matters. (shrink)
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  42.  26
    Coping with Nonconceptualism? On Merleau-Ponty and McDowell.J. C. Berendzen - 2009 - Philosophy Today 53 (2):162-173.
  43.  20
    On the Definition of Computable Function of a Real Variable.J. C. Shepherdson - 1976 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 22 (1):391-402.
  44.  62
    Deflated Truth Pluralism.J. C. Beall - 2013 - In Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen & Cory D. Wright (eds.), Truth and Pluralism: Current Debates. Oxford University Press. pp. 323.
  45.  88
    Fitch's Proof, Verificationism, and the Knower Paradox.J. C. Beall - 2000 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (2):241 – 247.
    I have argued that without an adequate solution to the knower paradox Fitch's Proof is- or at least ought to be-ineffective against verificationism. Of course, in (...) order to follow my suggestion verificationists must maintain that there is currently no adequate solution to the knower paradox, and that the paradox continues to provide prima facie evidence of inconsistent knowledge. By my lights, any glimpse at the literature on paradoxes offers strong support for the first thesis, and any honest, non-dogmatic reflection on the knower paradox provides strong support for the second. Whether verificationists want to go the route I've suggested is not for me todecide. As in the previous section my aim has been that of defending the mere viability of verificationism in the face of what many, many philosophers have taken to be its death-knell, namely Fitch's Proof. But, as the final objection makes clear, showing that verificationism can live in the face of Fitch's Proof is one thing; showing that it should live is another project. If nothing else, I hope that this papershows that verificationists still have a project to pursue; Fitch's Proof, contrary to popular opinion, need not bury verificationism.13. (shrink)
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  46. Is Yablos Paradox Non-Circular?J. C. Beall - 2001 - Analysis 61 (3):176–87.
  47.  22
    Louts and Legends: Male Youth Culture in an Inner City School.J. C. Walker - 1990 - British Journal of Educational Studies 38 (1):87-88.
  48. Knowability and Possible Epistemic Oddities.J. C. Beall - 2009 - In Joe Salerno (ed.), New Essays on the Knowability Paradox. Oxford University Press. pp. 105--125.
     
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  49. Prolegomenon to Future Revenge.J. C. Beall - 2007 - In Revenge of the Liar: New Essays on the Paradox. Oxford University Press.
  50.  12
    The Influence of Race on Face Recognition.J. C. Brigham - 1986 - In H. Ellis, M. Jeeves, F. Newcombe & Andrew W. Young (eds.), Aspects of Face Processing. Martinus Nijhoff. pp. 170--177.
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