Results for 'Tore Sandven'

219 found
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  1.  43
    Intentional Action and Pure Causality: A Critical Discussion of Some Central Conceptual Distinctions in the Work of Jon Elster.Tore Sandven - 1995 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 25 (3):286-317.
    This article discusses fundamental problems in "rational choice theory," as outlined by Jon Elster. Elster's discussion of why institutions may not be said to act shows his fundamental presupposition that only "monolithic," unitary entities are capable of action. This is, for him, a reason why only individual human beings may be said to act. Furthermore, human beings may be said to act only insofar as they "maximize" on the basis of a unitary, complete, consistent "preference structure." All action that is (...)
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  2.  48
    Autonomy, Adaptation, and Rationality—A Critical Discussion of Jon Elster’s Concept of “Sour Grapes,” Part II.Tore Sandven - 1999 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (2):173-205.
    This paper argues against Jon Elster's contention that there is a fundamentalincompatibility between, on one hand, autonomy and rationality and, on theother hand, adaptation to conditions of one's existence in the sense that one'sdesires or preferences are adjusted to what it is possible to achieve. While thefirst part of the paper more narrowly concentrated on Elster's discussion ofthese ideas, this second part goes on to a more general discussion of the conceptof rationality. On the basis of this discussion, it is (...)
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  3.  81
    Rescue Missions in the Mediterranean and the Legitimacy of the EU’s Border Regime.Hallvard Sandven & Antoinette Scherz - forthcoming - Res Publica:1-20.
    In the last seven years, close to twenty thousand people have died trying to reach Europe by crossing the Mediterranean Sea. Rescue missions by private actors and NGOs have increased because both national measures and measures by the EU’s border control agency, Frontex, are often deemed insufficient. However, such independent rescue missions face increasing persecution from national governments, Italy being one example. This raises the question of how potential migrants and dissenting citizens should act towards the EU border regime. In (...)
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  4.  53
    Behavioural Artificial Intelligence: An Agenda for Systematic Empirical Studies of Artificial Inference.Tore Pedersen & Christian Johansen - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (3):519-532.
    Artificial intelligence receives attention in media as well as in academe and business. In media coverage and reporting, AI is predominantly described in contrasted terms, either as the ultimate solution to all human problems or the ultimate threat to all human existence. In academe, the focus of computer scientists is on developing systems that function, whereas philosophy scholars theorize about the implications of this functionality for human life. In the interface between technology and philosophy there is, however, one imperative aspect (...)
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  5.  17
    Systemic Domination, Social Institutions and the Coalition Problem.Hallvard Sandven - 2020 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 19 (4):382-402.
    This article argues for a systemic conception of freedom as non-domination. It does so by engaging with the debate on the so-called coalition problem. The coalition problem arises because non-domination holds that groups can be agents of power, while also insisting that freedom be robust. Consequently, it seems to entail that everyone is in a constant state of domination at the hands of potential groups. However, the problem can be dissolved by rejecting a ‘strict possibility’ standard for interpreting non-domination’s robustness (...)
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  6.  32
    Human Tissue Samples and Ethics: – Attitudes of the General Public in Sweden to Biobank Research.Tore Nilstun & Göran Hermerén - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (1):81-86.
    Purpose: To survey the attitudes of the general public in Sweden to biobank research and to discuss the findings in the light of some well-known ethical principles.Methods: A questionnaire was used to survey the opinions of the general public in Sweden, and an ethical analysis (using the principles of autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice) was performed to discuss the possible conditions of such research.Findings: Between 3 and 9% answered that they did not want their samples to be collected and stored (...)
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  7. tore, 1967, pp. 371. Il titolo può far pensare ad una presentazione antologica delle poe-tiche moderne più significative in campo pittorico, Cubismo, Futurismo, Surrealismo, Costruttivismo, Neoplasticismo, Suprematismo; in realtà l'og. [REVIEW]Jorgen Claus & Il Saggia Milano - 1968 - Rivista di Estetica 13:433.
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  8.  45
    Does Consciousness Disappear in Dreamless Sleep?Jennifer M. Windt, Tore Nielsen & Evan Thompson - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (12):871-882.
  9.  59
    Transfer of Motor Learning Is More Pronounced in Proximal Compared to Distal Effectors in Upper Extremities.Tore K. Aune, Morten A. Aune, Rolf P. Ingvaldsen & Beatrix Vereijken - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  10.  57
    A Review of Mentation in Rem and NRem Sleep: “Covert” Rem Sleep as a Possible Reconciliation of Two Opposing Models. [REVIEW]Tore A. Nielsen - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):851-866.
    Numerous studies have replicated the finding of mentation in both rapid eye movement (REM) and nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. However, two different theoretical models have been proposed to account for this finding: (1) a one-generator model, in which mentation is generated by a single set of processes regardless of physiological differences between REM and NREM sleep; and (2) a two-generator model, in which qualitatively different generators produce cognitive activity in the two states. First, research is reviewed demonstrating conclusively that (...)
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  11. Paths to Triviality.Tore Øgaard - 2016 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 45 (3):237-276.
    This paper presents a range of new triviality proofs pertaining to naïve truth theory formulated in paraconsistent relevant logics. It is shown that excluded middle together with various permutation principles such as A → (B → C)⊩B → (A → C) trivialize naïve truth theory. The paper also provides some new triviality proofs which utilize the axioms ((A → B)∧ (B → C)) → (A → C) and (A → ¬A) → ¬A, the fusion connective and the Ackermann constant. An (...)
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  12.  14
    Non-Boolean Classical Relevant Logics I.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2019 - Synthese (8):1-32.
    Relevant logics have traditionally been viewed as paraconsistent. This paper shows that this view of relevant logics is wrong. It does so by showing forth a logic which extends classical logic, yet satisfies the Entailment Theorem as well as the variable sharing property. In addition it has the same S4-type modal feature as the original relevant logic E as well as the same enthymematical deduction theorem. The variable sharing property was only ever regarded as a necessary property for a logic (...)
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  13. From Hilbert Proofs to Consecutions and Back.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Logic 18 (2):51-72.
    Restall set forth a "consecution" calculus in his "An Introduction to Substructural Logics." This is a natural deduction type sequent calculus where the structural rules play an important role. This paper looks at different ways of extending Restall's calculus. It is shown that Restall's weak soundness and completeness result with regards to a Hilbert calculus can be extended to a strong one so as to encompass what Restall calls proofs from assumptions. It is also shown how to extend the calculus (...)
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  14.  39
    Felt Presence: Paranoid Delusion or Hallucinatory Social Imagery?☆.Tore Nielsen - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):975-983.
    Cheyne and Girard characterize felt presence during sleep paralysis attacks as a pre-hallucinatory expression of a threat-activated vigilance system. While their results may be consistent with this interpretation, they are nonetheless correlational and do not address a parsimonious alternative explanation. This alternative stipulates that FP is a purely spatial, hallucinatory form of a common cognitive phenomenon—social imagery—that is often, but not necessarily, linked with threat and fear and that may induce distress among susceptible individuals. The occurrence of both fearful and (...)
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  15.  17
    Boolean Negation and Non-Conservativity III: The Ackermann Constant.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2021 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 29 (3):370-384.
    It is known that many relevant logics can be conservatively extended by the truth constant known as the Ackermann constant. It is also known that many relevant logics can be conservatively extended by Boolean negation. This essay, however, shows that a range of relevant logics with the Ackermann constant cannot be conservatively extended by a Boolean negation.
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  16.  23
    Boolean Negation and Non-Conservativity I: Relevant Modal Logics.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2021 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 29 (3):340-362.
    Many relevant logics can be conservatively extended by Boolean negation. Mares showed, however, that E is a notable exception. Mares’ proof is by and large a rather involved model-theoretic one. This paper presents a much easier proof-theoretic proof which not only covers E but also generalizes so as to also cover relevant logics with a primitive modal operator added. It is shown that from even very weak relevant logics augmented by a weak K-ish modal operator, and up to the strong (...)
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  17.  12
    Relative Age Effects and Gender Differences in the National Test of Numeracy: A Population Study of Norwegian Children.Tore K. Aune, Rolf P. Ingvaldsen, Ole P. Vestheim, Ottar Bjerkeset & Terje Dalen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  18. Filosofía y poesía en Hölderlin.Jose Luis Gómez Toré - 2009 - Endoxa 23:209.
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  19.  24
    Skolem Functions in Non-Classical Logics.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Logic 14 (1):181-225.
    This paper shows how to conservatively extend theories formulated in non-classical logics such as the Logic of Paradox, the Strong Kleene Logic and relevant logics with Skolem functions. Translations to and from the language extended by Skolem functions into the original one are presented and shown to preserve derivability. It is also shown that one may not always substitute s=f(t) and A(t, s) even though A determines the extension of a function and f is a Skolem function for A.
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  20.  20
    Human Dignity in Paediatrics: The Effects of Health Care.Anita Lundqvist & Tore Nilstun - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (2):215-228.
    Human dignity is grounded in basic human attributes such as life and self-respect. When people cannot stand up for themselves they may lose their dignity towards themselves and others. The aim of this study was to elucidate if dignity remains intact for family members during care procedures in a children’s hospital. A qualitative approach was adopted, using open non-participation observation. The findings indicate that dignity remains intact in family-centred care where all concerned parties encourage each other in a collaborative relationship. (...)
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  21. Risk, Responsibility and Conscience.Tore Bakken - 2009 - In Christina Garsten & Tor Hernes (eds.), Ethical Dilemmas in Management. Routledge.
     
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  22.  7
    They Tore God Limb From Limb.Katlyn Kichko - 2019 - Constellations (University of Alberta Student Journal) 10 (2).
    This paper interacts specifically with two separate texts, that is Michel de Certeau’s The Possession at Loudun and Carlo Ginzburg’s The Cheese and the Worms: The Cosmos of a Sixteenth Century Miller. Both of these texts present a narrative of religious turmoil, demonic possessions and a heretical Inquisition, respectively, and the events which surround a single religious dissenter. Examining the two heretical men presented within these texts in comparison allows for an understanding of Catholic Church dogma during the age of (...)
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  23.  17
    Tore C. Olsson: Agrarian Crossings: Reformers and the Remaking of the US and Mexican Countryside: Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2017, 296 Pp, ISBN 978-0-691-16520-2.Kelsey Ryan-Simkins - 2020 - Agriculture and Human Values 37 (2):509-510.
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  24.  68
    Mass Terms and Quantification.Jan Tore Lønning - 1987 - Linguistics and Philosophy 10 (1):1 - 52.
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  25. Coming to Term with Tradition.Tore Lindholm - 1985 - In Helge Hoibraaten & Ingemund Gullvåg (eds.), Essays in Pragmatic Philosophy. Distributed World-Wide Excluding Scandinavia by Oxford University Press. pp. 103.
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  26.  12
    Boolean Negation and Non-Conservativity II: The Variable-Sharing Property.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2021 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 29 (3):363-369.
    Many relevant logics are conservatively extended by Boolean negation. Not all, however. This paper shows an acute form of non-conservativeness, namely that the Boolean-free fragment of the Boolean extension of a relevant logic need not always satisfy the variable-sharing property. In fact, it is shown that such an extension can in fact yield classical logic. For a vast range of relevant logic, however, it is shown that the variable-sharing property, restricted to the Boolean-free fragment, still holds for the Boolean extended (...)
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  27.  19
    Non-Boolean Classical Relevant Logics II: Classicality Through Truth-Constants.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2021 - Synthese (3-4):1-33.
    This paper gives an account of Anderson and Belnap’s selection criteria for an adequate theory of entailment. The criteria are grouped into three categories: criteria pertaining to modality, those pertaining to relevance, and those related to expressive strength. The leitmotif of both this paper and its prequel is the relevant legitimacy of disjunctive syllogism. Relevant logics are commonly held to be paraconsistent logics. It is shown in this paper, however, that both E and R can be extended to explosive logics (...)
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  28. Jan Tore L0nning.Collective Readings Of Definite & Indefinite Noun Phrases - 1987 - In Peter Gärdenfors (ed.), Generalized Quantifiers. Reidel Publishing Company. pp. 203.
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  29.  32
    Tore Janson: A Concordance to the Latin Panegyrics. (Alphaomega, Reihe A, XXXVII.) Pp. X + 898. Hildesheim–New York: GeorgOlms, 1979. DM. 158.Michael Winterbottom - 1980 - The Classical Review 30 (1):142-142.
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  30.  38
    La legitimidad transcultural de los derechos humanos universales: una justificación plural por encima de las barreras normativas.Tore Lindholm - 2007 - Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 41:107-132.
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  31.  25
    Tore Nyberg, Monasticism in North-Western Europe, 800–1200. Aldershot, Eng., and Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2000. Pp. Xi, 295; Black-and-White Figures, Maps, and 1 Table. $84.95.Lars Bisgaard, Carsten Selch Jensen, Kurt Villads Jensen, and John Lind, Eds., Medieval Spirituality in Scandinavia and Europe: A Collection of Essays in Honour of Tore Nyberg. Odense: Odense University Press, 2001. Pp. Xvi, 350; Black-and-White Frontispiece Portrait, Black-and-White Figures, Tables, and Maps. $44.Thomas Head - 2003 - Speculum 78 (4):1355-1358.
  32.  13
    Farewell to Suppression-Freedom.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2020 - Logica Universalis 14 (3):297-330.
    Val Plumwood and Richard Sylvan argued from their joint paper The Semantics of First Degree Entailment and onward that the variable sharing property is but a mere consequence of a good entailment relation, indeed they viewed it as a mere negative test of adequacy of such a relation, the property itself being a rather philosophically barren concept. Such a relation is rather to be analyzed as a sufficiency relation free of any form of premise suppression. Suppression of premises, therefore, gained (...)
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  33.  15
    Caring About - Caring For: Moral Obligations and Work Responsibilities in Intensive Care Nursing.Agneta Cronqvist, Töres Theorell, Tom Burns & Kim Lützén - 2004 - Nursing Ethics 11 (1):63-76.
    The aim of this study was to analyse experiences of moral concerns in intensive care nursing. The theoretical perspective of the study is based on relational ethics, also referred to as ethics of care. The participants were 36 intensive care nurses from 10 general, neonatal and thoracic intensive care units. The structural characteristics of the units were similar: a high working pace, advanced technology, budget restrictions, recent reorganization, and shortage of experienced nurses. The data consisted of the participants’ examples of (...)
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  34.  11
    How to Understand Nano Images.Tore Birkeland & Roger Strand - 2009 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 13 (3):182-189.
    Nanoscale objects are presented by ever more sophisticated pictures. There is a need to reflect on the status of such nano images, because the “seeing” involved is of a highly indirect kind. The aim of this paper is to complement existing philosophical critique of nano images with a scientific practitioner's perspective. First, we show some reasons to consider seeing and imaging as complex endeavours not only on the micro and nano scale, but also on the macro level. Secondly, we argue (...)
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  35. The Mercator-Hondius Atlas at the Donner Institute.Tore Ahlbäck - 2016 - Approaching Religion 6 (1):6-7.
    This introduction describes the background and reasons why the Mercator-Hondius atlas analysed in this issue became part of the library collection of the Donner Institute.
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  36.  11
    Tore Frängsmyr.J. L. Heilbron - 2018 - Isis 109 (2):356-359.
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  37.  1
    Pierre Bourdieu: Manet, Une Révolution Symbolique. Cours au Collège de France 1998–2000.Tore Slaatta - 2016 - Agora 34 (1):340-344.
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  38.  35
    Substitution in Relevant Logics.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2019 - Review of Symbolic Logic (3):1-26.
    This essay discusses rules and semantic clauses relating to Substitution—Leibniz’s law in the conjunctive-implicational form s=t ∧ A(s) → A(t)—as these are put forward in Priest’s books "In Contradiction" and "An Introduction to Non-Classical Logic: From If to Is." The stated rules and clauses are shown to be too weak in some cases and too strong in others. New ones are presented and shown to be correct. Justification for the various rules are probed and it is argued that Substitution ought (...)
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  39.  5
    Size Effects in the Thermal Hall Effect of Aluminium Films.Tore Amundsen - 1968 - Philosophical Magazine 17 (145):107-118.
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  40. Partiality, Truth and Persistence.Tore Langholm - 1987 - Dissertation, Stanford University
    In recent years, semantical partiality has emerged as an important explanatory concept in philosophical logic as well as in the study of natural language semantics. Despite the many applications, however, a number of mathematically intriguing questions associated with this concept have received only very limited attention. ;The present dissertation aims to present a systematic study of certain types of partiality in the area of basic model theory. Two types of issues are given special attention: Introducing partially defined models, there are (...)
     
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  41.  10
    Tore Frängsmyr . Solomon's House Revisited: The Organization and Institutionalization of Science. Canton, Mass.: Science History Publications , 1990. Pp. Xiii + 350. ISBN 0-88135-066-4. $49.50 , $54.00. [REVIEW]Marie Boas Hall - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (2):291-292.
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  42.  6
    Une autre approche structurale est possible: Sens, expérience, analyse.Gian Maria Tore - 2017 - Semiotica 2017 (219):357-376.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  43.  10
    A Final Note to Gilkey.Tore Lindholm, Nils Chr Stenseth & Audfinn Tjønneland - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (4):497-499.
  44.  5
    Sexuality of Women in Middle Age: The Göteborg Study.Tore Hallström - 1979 - Journal of Biosocial Science 11 (S6):165-175.
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  45. Adivasier, Maoister Og Arundhati Roy – Et Riss Av En Indisk Diskusjon.Tore Linné Eriksen - 2013 - Agora 30 (4):5-32.
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  46. Frantz Fanon: Hvor Kommer de Gode Teoriene Fra? - Om Frigjøringskamp, Radikal Empati, Revolusjonær Humanisme Og Avkolonisering Av Samfunnsteorier.Tore Linné Eriksen - 2017 - Agora 35 (1):6-68.
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  47. Fotnoter og ømme tær.Tore Linné Eriksen - 2018 - Agora 35 (2-03):287-289.
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  48. Hegel i Norden.Tore Eriksen - 2018 - Slagmark - Tidsskrift for Idéhistorie 7:130-133.
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  49. Om produksjonsmåter og tenkemåter.Tore Linné Eriksen - 2011 - Agora 29 (1):186-208.
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  50.  39
    Falling For The Feint – An Existential Investigation Of A Creative Performance In High-Level Football.Kenneth Aggerholm, Ejgil Jespersen & Lars Tore Ronglan - 2011 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (3):343 - 358.
    This paper begins with the decisive moment of the 2010 Champions League final, as Diego Milito dribbles past van Buyten to settle the score. By taking a closer look at this situation we witness a complex and ambiguous movement phenomenon that seems to transcend established phenomenological accounts of performance, as a creative performance such as this cannot be reduced to bodily self-awareness or absorbed skilful coping. Instead, the phenomenon of the feint points to a central question we need to ask (...)
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