Results for 'Clark A. Chinn'

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  1.  48
    Epistemologically Authentic Inquiry in Schools: A Theoretical Framework for Evaluating Inquiry Tasks.Clark A. Chinn & Betina A. Malhotra - 2002 - Science Education 86 (2):175-218.
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  2. Differences in Epistemic Practices Among Scientists, Young Earth Creationists, Intelligent Design Creationists, and the Scientist-Creationists of Darwin's Era.Clark A. Chinn & Luke A. Buckland - 2011 - In Roger S. Taylor & Michel Ferrari (eds.), Epistemology and Science Education: Understanding the Evolution Vs. Routledge. pp. 38--76.
  3.  38
    Mental Models in Data Interpretation.Clark A. Chinn & William F. Brewer - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):219.
    This paper presents a cognitive account of the process of evaluating scientific data. Our account assumes that when individuals evaluate data, they construct a mental model of a data-interpretation package, in which the data and theoretical interpretations of the data are integrated. We propose that individuals attempt to discount data by seeking alternative explanations for events within the mental model; data-interpretation packages are accepted when the individual cannot find alternative accounts for these events. Our analysis indicates that there are many (...)
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  4.  12
    Mental Models in Data Interpretation.Clark A. Chinn & William F. Brewer - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (5):S211-S219.
    This paper presents a cognitive account of the process of evaluating scientific data. Our account assumes that when individuals evaluate data, they construct a mental model of a data-interpretation package, in which the data and theoretical interpretations of the data are integrated. We propose that individuals attempt to discount data by seeking alternative explanations for events within the mental model; data-interpretation packages are accepted when the individual cannot find alternative accounts for these events. Our analysis indicates that there are many (...)
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  5.  51
    Explanation in Scientists and Children.William F. Brewer, Clark A. Chinn & Ala Samarapungavan - 1998 - Minds and Machines 8 (1):119-136.
    In this paper we provide a psychological account of the nature and development of explanation. We propose that an explanation is an account that provides a conceptual framework for a phenomenon that leads to a feeling of understanding in the reader/hearer. The explanatory conceptual framework goes beyond the original phenomenon, integrates diverse aspects of the world, and shows how the original phenomenon follows from the framework. We propose that explanations in everyday life are judged on the criteria of empirical accuracy, (...)
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  6.  8
    Authentic Inquiry: Introduction to the Special Section.Clark A. Chinn & Cindy E. Hmelo‐Silver - 2002 - Science Education 86 (2):171-174.
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  7.  46
    Scientists' Responses to Anomalous Data: Evidence From Psychology, History, and Philosophy of Science.William F. Brewer & Clark A. Chinn - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:304 - 313.
    This paper presents an analysis of the forms of response that scientists make when confronted with anomalous data. We postulate that there are seven ways in which an individual who currently holds a theory can respond to anomalous data: (1) ignore the data; (2) reject the data; (3) exclude the data from the domain of the current theory; (4) hold the data in abeyance; (5) reinterpret the data; (6) make peripheral changes to the current theory; or (7) change the theory. (...)
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  8. Genic Representation: Reconciling Content and Causal Complexity.M. Wheeler & A. Clark - 1999 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (1):103-135.
    Some recent cognitive-scientific research suggests that a considerable amount of intelligent action is generated not by the systematic activity of internal representations, but by complex interactions involving neural, bodily, and environmental factors. Following an analysis of this threat to representational explanation, we pursue an analogy between the role of genes in the production of biological form and the role of neural states in the production of behaviour, in order to develop a notion of genic representation. In both cases an appeal (...)
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  9. What Reaching Teaches: Consciousness, Control, and the Inner Zombie.A. Clark - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (3):563-594.
    What is the role of conscious visual experience in the control and guidance of human behaviour? According to some recent treatments, the role is surprisingly indirect. Conscious visual experience, on these accounts, serves the formation of plans and the selection of action types and targets, while the control of 'online' visually guided action proceeds via a quasi-independent non-conscious route. In response to such claims, critics such as (Wallhagen [2007], pp. 539-61) have suggested that the notions of control and guidance invoked (...)
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  10.  85
    Bayesing Qualia: Consciousness as Inference, Not Raw Datum.A. Clark, K. Friston & S. Wilkinson - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (9-10):19-33.
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  11. Perception, Action, and Experience: Unraveling the Golden Braid.A. Clark - 2010 - In Nivedita Gangopadhyay, Michael Madary & Finn Spicer (eds.), Perception, Action, and Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics and Two Visual Systems. Oxford University Press.
     
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  12.  8
    The Myth of Pain.A. Clark - 2001 - Mind 110 (439):767-771.
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  13. Much Ado About Cognition.A. Clark - 2010 - Mind 119 (476):1047-1066.
  14. Evolutionary Epistomology and the Scientific Method.A. J. Clark - 1986 - Philosophica 37.
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  15. Trading Spaces: Connectionism and the Limits of Learning.A. Clark & C. Thornton - forthcoming - Behavioral and Brain Sciences.
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  16. Mechanisms of Adaptive Behavior: Clark L. Hull's Theoretical Papers, with Commentary.Clark L. Hull, A. Amsel & M. E. Rashotte - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):171-182.
  17. Evolutionary Epistemology and Ontological Realism.A. J. Clark - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (137):482-490.
  18.  20
    La Contribution de Stephen Clark À la Philosophie Sur Internet.Stephen Clark - 1996 - Horizons Philosophiques 6 (2):95.
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  19.  56
    Why Kant Couldn't Be an Anti-Realist.A. J. Clark - 1985 - Analysis 45 (1):61 - 63.
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  20. New Civic Epistemologies of Quantification: Making Sense of Indicators of Local and Global Sustainability.Clark A. Miller - 2005 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 30 (3):403-432.
    Processes of globalization and decentralization are changing the relationship among statistical knowledge production, nation, and state. This article explores these changes through a comparison of five projects to design and implement indicators of sustainable development to replace conventional measures of economic welfare and social demographics—community sustainability indicators, Metropatterns, greening the gross domestic product, the Living Planet Index, and standardized accounting rules for inventorying greenhouse gas emissions. Drawing on a coproductionist idiom, the article argues that these projects constitute experiments in modifying (...)
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  21.  7
    Clark A. Elliott. Thaddeus William Harris : Nature, Science, and Society in the Life of an American Naturalist. 294 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. Bethlehem, Pa.: Lehigh University Press, 2008. $75. [REVIEW]Charlotte Sleigh - 2009 - Isis 100 (2):416-417.
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  22. CLARK, A.: "Psychological Models and Neural Mechanisms". [REVIEW]Kathleen V. Wilkes - 1982 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33:230.
  23.  6
    Models of the American Scientist: A Look at Collective Biography.Clark A. Elliott - 1982 - Isis 73 (1):77-93.
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  24.  17
    Philosophy and Cognitive Science.A. Clark, Jesus Ezquerro & J. M. Larrazabal (eds.) - 1996 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  25.  19
    The Literary Discoveries of Poggio.A. C. Clark - 1899 - The Classical Review 13 (02):119-130.
  26.  8
    Anti-Realism and Recognitional Capacities.A. J. Clark - 1985 - Philosophical Quarterly 35 (139):171-178.
  27.  75
    Zhuangzi and Relativistic Scepticism.Ewing Y. Chinn - 1997 - Asian Philosophy 7 (3):207 – 220.
    Chad Hansen is one of the strongest proponents of the view that the important second chapter of Zhuangzi's Inner Chapters (The Qi Wu Lun) reveals Zhuangzi to be a relativistic sceptidst. Hansen argues that Zhuangzi is a sceptic because he is first and foremost a relativist. Hansen's argument is essentially that Zhuangzi's perspectivism, his belief that one's linguistic and conceptual perspective determines what one claims to know, makes him a thorough going relativist and sceptic. I agree that Zhuangzi is a (...)
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  28.  90
    John Dewey and the Buddhist Philosophy of the Middle Way.Ewing Y. Chinn - 2006 - Asian Philosophy 16 (2):87 – 98.
    This paper argues that the central philosophical movement in the complex history of Buddhism that originated with Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha and carried on by Nāgārjuna (among other later Buddhist philosophers) shares some common themes with the pragmatic philosophy of John Dewey. These themes are the rejection of traditional metaphysics as definitive of philosophy, a return to the correct understanding of the nature of experience, and a particular view about the conduct and nature of philosophy. Dewey is used to illuminate (...)
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  29.  65
    Nāgārjuna's Fundamental Doctrine of Pratītyasamutpāda.Ewing Chinn - 2001 - Philosophy East and West 51 (1):54-72.
    Nāgārjuna contends that the doctrine of Pratītyasamutpāda (dependent origination), properly understood, constitutes the philosophical basis for the rejection and avoidance of all metaphysical theories and concepts (including causation). The companion doctrine of "śūnyatā" constitutes the denial of metaphysical realism (or "essentialism") but does not imply an anti-realist, conventionalist view of reality (as Jay Garfield maintains). "Pratītyasamutpāda," the true doctrine or, literally, "the exact or real nature of the case," is really two-sided: it is (1) a "causal" principle explaining the origin (...)
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  30.  6
    A Journey Around the Cartesian Circle.Ewing Y. Chinn - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:279-292.
    According to many critics, Descartes argued in a circle when he presumed to base the certainty of propositions that fulfill his epistemic criterion of being “clearly and distinctly perceived” on the demonstration that God exists and is not a deceiver. But his critics say, that demonstration, as he presented it, presupposed the validity of the same epistemic criterion. I critically examine two major strategies to dispel the appearance of circularity, two ways of interpreting Descartes’ argument.My approach shares with the second (...)
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  31. Genetics and Unrestrained Holism.A. Rosenberg & A. J. H. Clark - 2000 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 54 (214):565-591.
     
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  32.  10
    Ronald William Clark : A Personal Memoir.John G. Slater - 1989 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 9 (1):43.
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  33. Fodor, J. A., "Psychosemantics: The Problem of Meaning in the Philosophy of the Mind". [REVIEW]A. Clark - 1988 - Mind 97:605.
     
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  34.  12
    The Reader's Adviser: A Layman's Guide to Literature. Volume V: The Best in the Literature of Science, Technology, and Medicine. Paul T. DurbinThe Reader's Adviser: A Layman's Guide to Literature. Volume VI: Indexes. Barbara A. Chernow, George A. Vallasi. [REVIEW]Clark A. Elliott - 1989 - Isis 80 (4):746-747.
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  35. Thought in a Hostile World: The Evolution of Human Cognition.Andy Clark - 2005 - Mind 114 (455):777-782.
  36. Jurt . Georges Bernanos 1 . Tome 1 : 1926-1948. Premiere livraison. Essai de bibliographie des études en langue française consacrées à Georges Bernanos durant sa vie. [REVIEW]A. Clark - 1982 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 60 (3):709-710.
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  37.  20
    Archival Sources for the History of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: A Reference Guide and Report. David Bearman, John T. Edsall, Margaret Miller, Matthew Konopka.Clark A. Elliott - 1981 - Isis 72 (3):506-507.
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  38.  8
    Blaise Cronin;, Helen Barsky Atkins . The Web of Knowledge: A Festschrift in Honor of Eugene Garfield. 565 Pp., Tables, Index. Medford, N.J.: Information Today, 2000. $49.50. [REVIEW]Clark A. Elliott - 2003 - Isis 94 (4):690-691.
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  39.  7
    Handbook for Research in American History: A Guide to Bibliographies and Other Reference Works. Francis Paul Prucha.Clark A. Elliott - 1988 - Isis 79 (4):685-686.
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  40.  6
    Prominent Scientists: An Index to Collective Biographies. Paul A. Pelletier.Clark A. Elliott - 1982 - Isis 73 (2):283-284.
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  41.  9
    The History of Science and Technology in the United States: A Critical and Selective Bibliography. Marc Rothenberg.Clark A. Elliott - 1984 - Isis 75 (1):208-209.
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  42.  3
    Thomas Neville Bonner. Iconoclast: Abraham Flexner and a Life in Learning. 432 Pp., Frontis., Illus., Index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002. $36. [REVIEW]Clark A. Elliott - 2004 - Isis 95 (1):148-149.
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  43. In the Case of Children: Paedriatric Ethics in a Canadian Context Edited by F. Baylis and C. McBurney.A. Lindesay Clark - 1994 - Bioethics 8:289-289.
     
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  44.  26
    Nagarjuna's Fundamental Principle of Pratityasamutpada.Ewing Chinn - 2001 - Philosophy East and West 51 (1):54-72.
    Nāgārjuna contends that the doctrine of Pratītyasamutpāda , properly understood, constitutes the philosophical basis for the rejection and avoidance of all metaphysical theories and concepts . The companion doctrine of "śūnyatā" constitutes the denial of metaphysical realism but does not imply an anti-realist, conventionalist view of reality . "Pratītyasamutpāda," the true doctrine or, literally, "the exact or real nature of the case," is really two-sided: it is a "causal" principle explaining the origin of all that exists, and a semantic principle (...)
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  45.  22
    Deconstructing the Laws of Logic: Stephen R.L. Clark.Stephen R. Clark - 2008 - Philosophy 83 (1):25-53.
    I consider reasons for questioning ‘the laws of logic’, and suggest that these laws do not accord with everyday reality. Either they are rhetorical tools rather than absolute truths, or else Plato and his successors were right to think that they identify a reality distinct from the ordinary world of experience, and also from the ultimate source of reality.
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  46. Connectionism, Concepts and Folk Psychology.A. Clark & Peter Millican (eds.) - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the second of two volumes of essays in commemoration of Alan Turing; it celebrates his intellectual legacy within the philosophy of mind and cognitive science. A distinguished international cast of contributors focus on the relationship beteen a scientific, computational image of the mind and a common-sense picture of the mind as an inner arena populated by concepts, beliefs, intentions, and qualia. Topics covered include the causal potency of folk- psychological states, the connectionist reconception of learning and concept formation, (...)
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  47.  49
    Abstract and Concrete Freedom: Hegelian Perspectives on Economic Justice.Clark A. Kucheman - 1983 - The Owl of Minerva 15 (1):23-44.
    “Against nature man can claim no right, but once society is established, poverty immediately takes the form of a wrong done to one class by another.”.
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  48. Cicero Orationes. Volume Vi.A. C. Clark (ed.) - 1963 - Oxford University Press UK.
  49.  30
    An Emendation of Persius.A. C. Clark, A. B. Cook & A. B. Keith - 1902 - The Classical Review 16 (05):283-.
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  50.  9
    An Emendation of Persius.A. C. Clark, A. B. Cook & A. B. Keith - 1902 - The Classical Review 16 (5):283-283.
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