Results for 'Tanya de Villiers'

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  1.  31
    Haidt Et Al.'s Case for Moral Pluralism Revisited.Tanya De Villiers-Botha - 2020 - Philosophical Psychology 33 (2):244-261.
    Recent work in moral psychology that claims to show that human beings make moral judgements on the basis of multiple, divergent moral foundations has been influential in both moral psychology and moral philosophy. Primarily, such work has been taken to undermine monistic moral theories, especially those pertaining to the prevention of harm. Here, I call one of the most prominent and influential empirical cases for moral pluralism into question, namely that of Jonathan Haidt and his colleagues. I argue that Haidt (...)
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  2. Why Peirce Matters : The Symbol in Deacon’s Symbolic Species.Tanya De Villiers - 2007 - Language Sciences 29 (1):88-101.
    In ‘‘Why brains matter: an integrational perspective on The Symbolic Species’’ Cowley (2002) [Language Sciences 24, 73–95] suggests that Deacon pictures brains as being able to process words qua tokens, which he identifies as the theory’s Achilles’ heel. He goes on to argue that Deacon’s thesis on the co-evolution of language and mind would benefit from an integrational approach. This paper argues that Cowley’s criticism relies on an invalid understanding of Deacon’s use the concept of ‘‘symbolic reference’’, which he appropriates (...)
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  3. The Formation of the Self. Nietzsche and Complexity.Paul Cilliers, Tanya de Villiers & Vasti Roodt - 2002 - South African Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):1-17.
    The purpose of this article is to examine the relationship between the formation of the self and the worldly horizon within which this self achieves its meaning. Our inquiry takes place from two perspectives: the first derived from the Nietzschean analysis of how one becomes what one is; the other from current developments in complexity theory. This two-angled approach opens up different, yet related dimensions of a non-essentialist understanding of the self that is none the less neither arbitrary nor deterministic. (...)
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  4.  33
    Mind and Language : Evolution in Contemporary Theories of Cognition.Tanya De Villiers - 2006 - Dissertation, University of Stellenbosch
    This thesis gives an historical overview of some of the issues connecting philosophy of mind and philosophy of langauge in the twentieth century, especially with regard to the relevance of both disciplines to theories of cognition. Specifically, the interrelation between the theories of Peirce,Chomsky, Derrida, and Deacon are discussed. Furthermore, an overview of twentieth century views on mind in both philosophy and the cognitive sciences is given. The argument is made that many of the apparently insurmountable issues that plague theories (...)
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  5. Peculiarities in Mind; Or, on the Absence of Darwin.Tanya de Villiers-Botha - 2011 - South African Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):282-302.
    A key failing in contemporary philosophy of mind is the lack of attention paid to evolutionary theory in its research projects. Notably, where evolution is incorporated into the study of mind, the work being done is often described as philosophy of cognitive science rather than philosophy of mind. Even then, whereas possible implications of the evolution of human cognition are taken more seriously within the cognitive sciences and the philosophy of cognitive science, its relevance for cognitive science has only been (...)
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  6.  51
    Complexity and the Self.Tanya De Villiers - 2002 - Dissertation, University of Stellenbosch
    In this thesis it is argued that the age-old philosophical "Problem of the Self' can benefit by being approached from the perspective of a relatively recent science, namely that of Complexity Theory. With this in mind the conceptual features of this theory is highlighted and summarised. Furthermore, the argument is made that the predominantly dualistic approach to the self that is characteristic of the Western Philosophical tradition serves to hinder, rather than edify, our understanding of the phenomenon. The benefits posed (...)
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  7.  27
    Harm as Negative Prudential Value: A Non-Comparative Account of Harm.Tanya de Villiers-Botha - 2020 - SATS 21 (1):21-38.
    In recent attempts to define ‘harm’, the most promising approach has often been thought to be the counterfactual comparative account of harm. Nevertheless, this account faces serious difficulties. Moreover, it has been argued that ‘harm’ cannot be defined without reference to a substantive theory of well-being, which is itself a fraught issue. This has led to the call for the concept to simply be dropped from the moral lexicon altogether. I reject this call, arguing that the non-comparative approach to defining (...)
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  8.  98
    How Not to Be a Metaethical Naturalist –Jesse Prinz on the Emotional Construction of Morals.Tanya de Villiers-Botha - 2014 - South African Journal of Philosophy 33 (2):145-154.
    Jesse Prinz develops a naturalistic metaethical theory with which he purports to sidestep ‘Hume's law’ by demonstrating how, on his theory, in describing what our moral beliefs commit us to we can determine what our moral obligations are. I aim to show that Prinz does not deliver on his prescriptive promise – he does not bridge the is–ought gap in any meaningful way. Given that Prinz goes on to argue that (1) his moral psychology highlights fundamental shortcomings in ‘traditional’ normative (...)
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  9. Harm: The Counterfactual Comparative Account, the Omission and Pre-Emption Problems, and Well-Being.Tanya De Villiers-Botha - 2018 - South African Journal of Philosophy 37 (1):1-17.
    The concept of “harm” is ubiquitous in moral theorising, and yet remains poorly defined. Bradley suggests that the counterfactual comparative account of harm is the most plausible account currently available, but also argues that it is fatally flawed, since it falters on the omission and pre-emption problems. Hanna attempts to defend the counterfactual comparative account of harm against both problems. In this paper, I argue that Hanna’s defence fails. I also show how his defence highlights the fact that both the (...)
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  10. Narrating the Self: Freud, Dennett and Complexity Theory.Tanya de Villiers & Paul Cilliers - 2004 - South African Journal of Philosophy 23 (1):34-53.
    Adopting a materialist approach to the mind has far reaching implications for many presuppositions regarding the properties of the brain, including those that have traditionally been consigned to “the mental” aspect of human being. One such presupposition is the conception of the disembodied self. In this article we aim to account for the self as a material entity, in that it is wholly the result of the physiological functioning of the embodied brain. Furthermore, we attempt to account for the structure (...)
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  11.  19
    Revisiting Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Follow-Up Study with Controls.Jessica de Villiers, Brooke Myers & Robert J. Stainton - 2013 - Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):253-269.
    In a 2007 paper, we argued that speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders exhibit pragmatic abilities which are surprising given the usual understanding of communication in that group. That is, it is commonly reported that people diagnosed with an ASD have trouble with metaphor, irony, conversational implicature and other non-literal language. This is not a matter of trouble with knowledge and application of rules of grammar. The difficulties lie, rather, in successful communicative interaction. Though we did find pragmatic errors within literal (...)
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  12. Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Case Study in Philosophy and the Empirical.Jessica de Villiers, Robert J. Stainton & And Peter Szatmari - 2007 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 31 (1):292–317.
    This article has two aims. The first is to introduce some novel data that highlight rather surprising pragmatic abilities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The second is to consider a possible implication of these data for an emerging empirical methodology in philosophy of language and mind. In pursuing the first aim, we expect our main audience to be clinicians and linguists interested in pragmatics. It is when we turn to methodological issues that we hope to pique the interest of philosophers. (...)
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  13.  11
    Fast Mapping Word Meanings Across Trials: Young Children Forget All but Their First Guess.Athulya Aravind, Jill de Villiers, Amy Pace, Hannah Valentine, Roberta Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Aquiles Iglesias & Mary Sweig Wilson - 2018 - Cognition 177:177-188.
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  14.  9
    Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Case Study in Philosophy and the Empirical.Jessica De Villiers, Robert J. Stainton & Peter Szatmari - 2007 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 31 (1):292-317.
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  15.  10
    The Forgotten Struggle of Albert Geyser Against Racism and Apartheid.Andries G. Van Aarde, Pieter G. R. De Villiers & Johan Buitendag - 2014 - Hts Theological Studies 70 (1).
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  16. Differential Pragmatic Abilities and Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Case of Pragmatic Determinants of Literal Content.Jessica de Villiers & Robert J. Stainton - unknown
    It has become something of a truism that people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) have difficulties with pragmatics. Granting this, however, it is important to keep in mind that there are numerous kinds of pragmatic ability. One very important divide lies between those pragmatic competences which pertain to non-literal contents – as in, for instance, metaphor, irony and Gricean conversational implicatures – and those which pertain to the literal contents of speech acts. It is against this backdrop that our question (...)
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  17.  31
    Language for Thought: Coming to Understand False Beliefs.Jill G. de Villiers & Peter A. de Villiers - 2003 - In Dedre Getner & Susan Goldin-Meadow (eds.), Language in Mind: Advances in the Study of Language and Thought. MIT Press.
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  18.  4
    Does the Christian Church Have Any Guidance to Offer in Solving the Global Problems We Are Faced with Today?D. Etienne de Villiers - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    In his book, 21 Lessons for the 21st century, the historian Yuval Noah Harari devoted a chapter to the question of whether traditional religions could provide any guidance in solving the momentous global problems confronting us today. He drew the rather negative conclusion that they do not have any constructive contribution to make in solving these problems. This article made an original contribution to scholarly research by, from the perspective of Christian Ethics, subjecting this recently expressed view of Harari to (...)
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  19.  19
    Revisiting Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorders.Jessica de Villiers, Brooke Myers & Robert J. Stainton - 2013 - Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):253-269.
    In a 2007 paper, we argued that speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders exhibit pragmatic abilities which are surprising given the usual understanding of communication in that group. That is, it is commonly reported that people diagnosed with an ASD have trouble with metaphor, irony, conversational implicature and other non-literal language. This is not a matter of trouble with knowledge and application of rules of grammar. The difficulties lie, rather, in successful communicative interaction. Though we did find pragmatic errors within literal (...)
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  20.  13
    May Christians Request Medically Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia?D. Etienne De Villiers - 2016 - Hts Theological Studies 72 (4).
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  21.  29
    ‘Die pen is magtiger as die swaard’: Oor skrifgeletterdheid, skrifgeleerdes en Israel se Tweede Tempeltydperk.Gerda De Villiers - 2013 - Hts Theological Studies 69 (1):1-9.
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  22.  28
    P.G.R. de Villiers Dedication – A tribute.Ernest Van Eck - 2015 - Hts Theological Studies 71 (1).
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  23.  5
    Aesthetics, Mysticism and the Art of Living.Pieter G. R. De Villiers - 2016 - Hts Theological Studies 72 (4):1-7.
    This article analyses aesthetics and mysticism in the writings of Albert Geyser, the prominent South African theologian who is mostly known for his brave, uncompromising struggle against the apartheid system. In the first part of the article, brief introductory comments are made about Geyser's theological and political role in South Africa in the light of his Protestant context and his opposition to apartheid. It is then investigated how his reputation as a Biblical scholar and his protracted, much publicised stance against (...)
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  24.  7
    The Role of Language in Building Abstract, Generalized Conceptual Representations of One- and Two-Place Predicates: A Comparison Between Adults and Infants.Mohinish Shukla & Jill de Villiers - forthcoming - Cognition:104705.
    Theories of relations between language and conceptual development benefit from empirical evidence for concepts available in infancy, but such evidence is comparatively scarce. Here, we examine early representations of specific concepts, namely, sets of dynamic events corresponding either to predicates involving two variables with a reversible, asymmetric relation between them (such as the set of all events that correspond to a linguistic phrase like “a dog is pushing a car,”) or to comparatively simpler, one-variable predicates (such as the set of (...)
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  25. Etienne de Villiers.Afrikaans Churches - 1996 - In H. Russel Botman & Robin M. Petersen (eds.), To Remember and to Heal: Theological and Psychological Reflections on Truth and Reconciliation. Thorold's Africana Books [Distributor]. pp. 140.
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  26.  6
    Religion, Theology and the Social Sciences in a Society in Transition.Etienne De Villiers - 2004 - Hts Theological Studies 60 (1/2).
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  27.  7
    The Future Existence of the Believers According to 2 Thessalonians.Pieter G. R. De Villiers - 2011 - Hts Theological Studies 67 (1).
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  28.  10
    Die ontmaskering van die bose: Eksegetiese perspektiewe op geweld in Openbaring 18.Pieter G. R. De Villiers - 2008 - Hts Theological Studies 64 (4).
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  29.  7
    Imagery and Theme in Recall of Connected Discourse.Peter A. de Villiers - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (2):263.
  30.  9
    Michael Gregory's Proposals for a Communication Linguistics.Robert J. Stainton & Jessica de Villiers - unknown
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  31.  15
    Papers in Honour of Michael Gregory.Robert J. Stainton & Jessica de Villiers - unknown
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  32.  26
    Compte rendu de Nicolas de Villiers, sieur de Chandoux, Lettres sur l’or potable, suivies du traité De la connaissance des vrais principes de la nature et des mélanges et de fragments d’un Commentaire sur l’Amphithé'tre de la sapience éternelle de Khunrath. Textes édités et présentés par Sylvain Matton avec des études de Xavier Kieft et de Simone Mazauric, Paris/Milan, SÉHA/ARCHÈ, 2013.Bernard Joly - 2014 - Methodos 14.
    Tous ceux qui s’intéressent à la vie et à l’œuvre de Descartes connaissent l’épisode rapporté par Adrien Baillet dans sa Vie de monsieur Descartes et évoqué par Descartes lui-même dans une lettre à son ami Villebressieu en 1631 : vers la fin des années 1620, le jeune Descartes participa à Paris chez le nonce apostolique, le cardinal Guidi di Bagno, à une « assemblée de personnes savantes et curieuses », parmi lesquelles le cardinal de Berulle et Mersenne. L’orateur était..
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  33.  7
    The Development of Social Cognition.Jennie Pyers & Peter A. de Villiers - 2013 - In Simon Baron-Cohen, Michael Lombardo & Helen Tager-Flusberg (eds.), Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives From Developmental Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
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  34.  23
    Theory of Mind in Deaf Children: Illuminating the Relative Roles of Language and Executive Functioning in the Development of Social Cognition.Jennie Pyers & Peter A. de Villiers - 2013 - In Simon Baron-Cohen, Michael Lombardo & Helen Tager-Flusberg (eds.), Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives From Developmental Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
  35.  1
    Compte rendu de Nicolas de Villiers, sieur de Chandoux, Lettres sur l’or potable, suivies du traité De la connaissance des vrais principes de la nature et des mélanges et de fragments d’un Commenta.Bernard Joly - 2014 - Methodos 14.
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  36.  11
    Benthic Macrofauna Richness and Diversity in the Knysna Estuary: A 50 Year Comparison.Brian R. Allanson, Jude Nettleton & Casper J. de Villiers - 2000 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 55 (2):177-185.
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  37.  4
    The Impact of Grammar on Mentalizing: A Training Study Including Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder and Developmental Language Disorder.Stephanie Durrleman, Morgane Burnel, Jill Gibson De Villiers, Evelyne Thommen, Rachel Yan & Hélène Delage - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  38.  8
    A Comparison of Subterranean Herbivory by Fossorial and Terrestrial Mammals.M. S. de Villiers - 1993 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 48 (2):257-264.
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  39.  44
    A Great "Pedagogy" of Nuance: Roland Barthes's The Neutral.Nicholas De Villiers - 2005 - Theory and Event 8 (4).
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  40.  4
    A Historical Novel with a Difference.Gerda De Villiers - 2011 - Hts Theological Studies 67 (3).
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  41.  2
    Andries van Aarde – A Sideways Glance: His Theological and Hermeneutical Contribution to the South African Scene.Gerda De Villiers - 2011 - Hts Theological Studies 67 (1).
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  42.  17
    Confessions of a Masked Philosopher: Anonymity and Identification in Foucault and Guibert.Nicholas de Villiers - 2008 - Symploke 16 (1-2):75-91.
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  43.  3
    Die Dodekapropheton: Twaalf Klein Profete of Een Geheel?Gerda De Villiers - 2008 - Hts Theological Studies 64 (3).
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  44.  7
    Die Kerk En Sy Mag in Openbaring 11.Pieter G. R. De Villiers - 2012 - Hts Theological Studies 68 (1).
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  45.  1
    Die morele genesing van die Suid-Afrikaanse samelewing: Die bydrae van die Afrikaanse kerke.Etienne De Villiers - 2000 - Hts Theological Studies 56 (2/3).
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  46. Durf ons nog preek dat werk ’n roeping van God is?Etienne De Villiers - 2004 - Hts Theological Studies 60 (3).
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  47.  20
    Evidentiality and Narrative.Jill de Villiers & Jay Garfield - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (6-8):6-8.
    In this paper we argue that the phenomenon of evidentiality, the grammatical marking in some languages of the source of one's knowledge, gives us a revealing window into the developmental processes in middle childhood that subserve the achievement of narrative competence. First, we argue that the mastery of evidentiality is connected to the development of an understanding of inference, and of the ability to mobilize this understanding in the construction of human narratives. Second, we examine the role that parent-child discourse (...)
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  48.  5
    Fear as Dread of a God Who Kills and Abuses? About a Darker Side of a Key, but Still Forgotten Biblical Motif.Pieter Gr de Villiers - 2013 - Hts Theological Studies 69 (1):1-9.
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  49.  4
    History and Religious Experience in Biblical Research.Pieter G. R. De Villiers - 2003 - Hts Theological Studies 59 (3).
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  50.  20
    Heavenly Mathematics: The Forgotten Art of Spherical Trigonometry.Michael de Villiers - 2015 - The European Legacy 20 (5):560-561.
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