Results for 'Sibylle Rolf'

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  1.  26
    Sibylle Rolf (2009) Zwischen Forschungsfreiheit und Menschenwürde. Unterschiede beim Umgang mit menschlichen Embryonen in England und Deutschland: edition chrismon, Hansisches Druck- und Verlagshaus, Frankfurt am Main, 228 Seiten, 28,00 €, ISBN 978-3-86921-007-0.Susanne Benöhr-Laqueur - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (3):257-258.
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  2.  40
    Humanity as an Object of Respect: Immanuel Kant's Anthropological Approach and the Foundation for Morality.Sibylle Rolf - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (4):594-605.
    The article deals with Kant's understanding of personhood and autonomy. It highlights the connection of autonomy and human dignity within Kant's appreciation of morality, and indicates how his distinction between the empirical and transcendental spheres enables Kant to extend dignity even to humans who are not actually autonomous. Turning to contemporary approaches within ethics that refer to Kant but omit this transcendental framework, it defends the necessity of a trans-empirical frame within the Kantian system and hints at consequences for bioethics. (...)
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  3.  18
    Respekt vor Patientenautonomie und Achtung der Menschenwürde: Beobachtungen zu anthropologischen Implikationen in deutscher und englischsprachiger Bioethik-Debatte.Sibylle Rolf - 2008 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 52 (3):200-211.
    The study investigates the »Four Principles of Biomedical Ethics« published by Tom Beauchamp and James Childress with a particular concern for the principle of respect for autonomy. The leading question is in which philosophical background autonomy is dealt with by Beauchamp/childress and by the enlightenment philosopher Immanuel Kant, while the more emipirical theoretical framework of Beauchamp/childress and the rationalistic framework of Kant are being analyzed. After having considered the foundation of autonomy both in Beauchamp/childress and Kant, the study turns to (...)
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  4. Book Review: Edmund D. Pellegrino, Adam Schulman and Thomas W. Merrill (Eds.), Human Dignity and Bioethics (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2009). Xvi + 555 Pp. £32.50/$40 (Pb), ISBN 978-0-268-03892-2. [REVIEW]Sibylle Rolf - 2011 - Studies in Christian Ethics 24 (1):117-119.
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  5.  18
    Crux sola est nostra theologia. Die Bedeutung der Kreuzestheologie für die Theodizeefrage.Sibylle Rolf - 2007 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 49 (2):223-240.
    ZusammenfassungDer Text versucht in Auseinandersetzung mit den Ansätzen von Jürgen Moltmann, Johann Baptist Metz und Odo Marquard und im Anschluss an lutherische Theologie zu einer Verhältnisbestimmung von Theodizeefrage und Kreuzestheologie zu gelangen. Dabei wird Luthers Einsicht fruchtbar gemacht, dass Gott verborgen im Leiden wirkt, das Leiden aber nicht zu seiner Wesenseigenschaft wird. Vielmehr eröffnet sich in der Klage des leidenden Menschen die Möglichkeit, das Leiden an Gott zu beenden und gegen Gott zu Gott zu fliehen. Von Luthers Kreuzestheologie her ist (...)
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  6.  22
    Die Kommunikativität des Menschlichen. Überlegungen zum Verhältnis von Leib und Seele im Anschluss an Martin Luther.Sibylle Rolf - 2011 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 53 (2):119-136.
    ZUSAMMENFASSUNGIm Rekurs auf Luthers Verständnis der communicatio idiomatum, also der gegenseitigen Mitteilung und Partizipation von Göttlichem und Menschlichem in der Person Jesu Christi, versucht der Text eine Annäherung zu leisten an eine kommunikative theologische Anthropologie innerhalb einer relationalen und kommunikativen Ontologie. Mit einem solchen Konzept erscheint es als möglich, innerhalb der Debatte um Leib und Seele beziehungsweise Gehirn und Geist, die in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten aufgrund der Forschungsergebnisse der Neurowissenschaften von neuem in die öffentliche Aufmerksamkeit gerückt ist, zu einer Klärung (...)
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  7.  47
    Human Embryos and Human Dignity: Differing Presuppositions in Human Embryo Research in Germany and Great Britain.Sibylle Rolf - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (5):742-754.
    This article notes differences in legislation in Germany and Great Britain regarding human embryo research and looks for an explanation in their divergent intellectual traditions. Whereas the German Stem Cell Act invokes an anthropological concept of human dignity to ground its ban on using embryos for research, there is no definition of what it means to be human in either the British Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act or in the advisory Warnock-Report. After studying the differences and providing some philosophical background, (...)
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  8.  4
    Niemand Ist Eine Insel: Menschsein Im Schnittpunkt von Anthropologie, Theologie Und Ethik.Christian Polke, Frank Martin Brunn, Alexander Dietz, Sibylle Rolf & Anja Siebert (eds.) - 2011 - De Gruyter.
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  9.  44
    Simplicity and Simplification in Astrophysical Modeling.Sibylle Anderl - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (5):819-831.
    With the ever-growing quality of observational data in astronomy, the complexity of astrophysical models has been increasing in turn. This trend raises the question: Are there still reasons to prefer simpler models if the final goal is an actual model-target comparison? I argue for two aspects in which astrophysical research may favor models having reduced complexity: first, to address the problem of determining the values of adjustable parameters and, second, to pave the way for a validation of the model based (...)
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  10.  17
    Systemic Ethics and Inclusive Governance: Two Key Prerequisites for Sustainability Transitions of Agri-Food Systems.Sibylle Bui, Ionara Costa, Olivier De Schutter, Tom Dedeurwaerdere, Marek Hudon & Marlene Feyereisen - 2019 - Agriculture and Human Values 36 (2):277-288.
    Food retailers are powerful actors of the agro-industrial food system. They exert strong lock-in effects that hinder transitions towards more sustainable agri-food systems. Indeed, their marketing practices generally result in excluding the most sustainable food products, such as local, low-input, small-scale farmers’ products. Recently in Belgium, several initiatives have been created to enable the introduction of local products on supermarket shelves. In this article, we study three of those initiatives to analyse if the development of local sourcing in supermarkets opens (...)
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  11. Rolf Kuhn, Asthetische Existenz heute. Zum Verhaltnis von Leben und Kunst.Thomas Rolf - 2008 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 115 (1):219.
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  12.  3
    Implicit Changes of Model Uses in Astrophysics, Illustrated on the Paris-Durham Shock ModelImplizite Veränderungen der Verwendung Astrophysikalischer Modelle Am Beispiel des Paris-Durham-Modells Für Stoßwellen.Sibylle Anderl - 2019 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 27 (4):515-546.
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  13.  22
    Interoception and Symptom Reporting: Disentangling Accuracy and Bias.Sibylle Petersen, Ken Van Staeyen, Claus Vã¶Gele, Andreas von Leupoldt & Omer Van den Bergh - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  14.  20
    Politik der Zeugenschaft: Zur Kritik Einer Wissenspraxis.Sibylle Schmidt, Sybille Krämer & Ramon Voges (eds.) - 2011 - Transcript.
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  15. Erfahrung Und Erfahrungswissenschaft Die Frage des Zusammenhangs Wissenschaftlicher Und Gesellschaftlicher Entwicklung, Hrsg. Von Rolf E. Vente. Mit Beiträgen von O.F. Bollnow [Et Al.]. [REVIEW]Rolf E. Vente & Otto Friedrich Bollnow - 1974 - W. Kohlhammer.
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  16.  52
    Event-Related Potentials and Cognition: A Critique of the Context Updating Hypothesis and an Alternative Interpretation of P3.Rolf Verleger - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):343.
  17.  66
    Embodiment and Language Comprehension: Reframing the Discussion.Rolf A. Zwaan - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (5):229-234.
  18.  19
    Seeing, Acting, Understanding: Motor Resonance in Language Comprehension.Rolf A. Zwaan & Lawrence J. Taylor - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135 (1):1-11.
  19.  80
    Probabilistic Logics and Probabilistic Networks.Rolf Haenni, Jan-Willem Romeijn, Gregory Wheeler & Jon Williamson - 2010 - Synthese Library.
    Additionally, the text shows how to develop computationally feasible methods to mesh with this framework.
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  20.  21
    Making Replication Mainstream.Rolf A. Zwaan, Alexander Etz, Richard E. Lucas & M. Brent Donnellan - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41:1-50.
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  21.  45
    The Frankfurt School: Its History, Theories, and Political Significance.Rolf Wiggershaus - 1994 - MIT Press.
    The book is based on documentary and biographical materials that have only recently become available.
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  22.  31
    Nominalistic Systems.Rolf A. Eberle - 1970 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
    1. 1. PROGRAM It will be our aim to reconstruct, with precision, certain views which have been traditionally associated with nominalism and to investigate problems arising from these views in the construction of interpreted formal systems. Several such systems are developed in accordance with the demand that the sentences of a system which is acceptable to a nominalist must not imply the existence of any entities other than individuals. Emphasis will be placed on the constructionist method of philosophical analysis. To (...)
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  23.  21
    Moving Words: Dynamic Representations in Language Comprehension.Rolf A. Zwaan, Carol J. Madden, Richard H. Yaxley & Mark E. Aveyard - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (4):611-619.
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  24.  36
    Logics Without Existence Assumptions.Rolf Schock - 1968 - Stockholm, Almqvist & Wiksell.
  25.  15
    Corona Pan(Dem)Ic: Gateway to Global Surveillance.Regina Sibylle Surber - forthcoming - Ethics and Information Technology.
    The essay reviews the digital emergency measures many governments have adopted in an attempt to curb Covid-19. It argues that those ‘virologically legitimized’ measures may infringe the human right to privacy and mark the transition into a world of global surveillance. At this possible turning point in human history, panic and latent fear seem to fog much needed farsightedness. Leaving the current state of emotional paralysis and restarting to critically assess the digital pandemic management can serve as an emergency break (...)
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  26.  37
    Left–Right Coding of Past and Future in Language: The Mental Timeline During Sentence Processing.Rolf Ulrich & Claudia Maienborn - 2010 - Cognition 117 (2):126-138.
  27.  25
    From Episodic to Habitual Prospective Memory: ERP-Evidence for a Linear Transition.Beat Meier, Sibylle Matter, Brigitta Baumann, Stefan Walter & Thomas Koenig - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  28. Effects of Perceptual Fluency on Judgments of Truth.Rolf Reber & Norbert Schwarz - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (3):338-342.
    Statements of the form ''Osorno is in Chile'' were presented in colors that made them easy or difficult to read against a white background and participants judged the truth of the statement. Moderately visible statements were judged as true at chance level, whereas highly visible statements were judged as true significantly above chance level. We conclude that perceptual fluency affects judgments of truth.
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  29.  5
    Effects of Truncation on Reaction Time Analysis.Rolf Ulrich & Jeff Miller - 1994 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 123 (1):34-80.
  30.  50
    Illness as Unhomelike Being-in-the-World? Phenomenology and Medical Practice.Rolf Ahlzén - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (3):323-331.
    Scientific medicine has been successful by ways of an ever more detailed understanding and mastering of bodily functions and dysfunctions. Biomedical research promises new triumphs, but discontent with medical practice is all around. Since several decades this has been acknowledged and discussed. The philosophical traditions of phenomenology and hermeneutics have been proposed as promising ways to approach medical practice, by ways of a richer understanding of the meaning structures of health and illness. In 2000, Swedish philosopher Fredrik Svenaeus published a (...)
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  31.  27
    Individual Conduct and Social Norms: A Utilitarian Account of Social Union and the Rule of Law.Rolf E. Sartorius - 1975 - Dickenson Pub. Co..
  32.  72
    A First-Order Axiomatization of the Theory of Finite Trees.Rolf Backofen, James Rogers & K. Vijay-Shanker - 1995 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 4 (1):5-39.
    We provide first-order axioms for the theories of finite trees with bounded branching and finite trees with arbitrary (finite) branching. The signature is chosen to express, in a natural way, those properties of trees most relevant to linguistic theories. These axioms provide a foundation for results in linguistics that are based on reasoning formally about such properties. We include some observations on the expressive power of these theories relative to traditional language complexity classes.
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  33. Experiential Traces and Mental Simulations in Language Comprehension.Rolf A. Zwaan - 2008 - In Manuel de Vega, Arthur Glenberg & Arthur Graesser (eds.), Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on Meaning and Cognition. Oxford University Press.
     
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  34.  85
    The Epistemic Status of Processing Fluency as Source for Judgments of Truth.Rolf Reber & Christian Unkelbach - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):563-581.
    This article combines findings from cognitive psychology on the role of processing fluency in truth judgments with epistemological theory on justification of belief. We first review evidence that repeated exposure to a statement increases the subjective ease with which that statement is processed. This increased processing fluency, in turn, increases the probability that the statement is judged to be true. The basic question discussed here is whether the use of processing fluency as a cue to truth is epistemically justified. In (...)
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  35.  9
    Qualitative Differences Between Conscious and Nonconscious Processing? On Inverse Priming Induced by Masked Arrows.Rolf Verleger, Piotr Jaśkowski, Aytaç Aydemir, Rob H. J. van der Lubbe & Margriet Groen - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (4):494-515.
  36.  34
    A Posts Cript on Fallacies.Rolf George - 1983 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 12 (3):319 - 325.
  37.  79
    Kant's Sensationism.Rolf George - 1981 - Synthese 47 (2):229 - 255.
  38. Naturphilosophie - von der Spekulation Zur Wissenschaft. Hrsg. Von Herbert Hörz, Rolf Löther [Und] Siegfried Wollgast.Herbert Hörz, Rolf Löther & Siegfried Wollgast - 1969 - Akademie Verlag.
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  39.  46
    Exploring "Fringe" Consciousness: The Subjective Experience of Perceptual Fluency and its Objective Bases.Rolf Reber, P. Wurtz & Thomas E. Zimmermann - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):47-60.
    Perceptual fluency is the subjective experience of ease with which an incoming stimulus is processed. Although perceptual fluency is assessed by speed of processing, it remains unclear how objective speed is related to subjective experiences of fluency. We present evidence that speed at different stages of the perceptual process contributes to perceptual fluency. In an experiment, figure-ground contrast influenced detection of briefly presented words, but not their identification at longer exposure durations. Conversely, font in which the word was written influenced (...)
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  40.  62
    A Theory of Vagueness.Bertil Rolf - 1980 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 9 (3):315 - 325.
  41. Historical Materialism or Political Messianism? An Interpretation of the Theses "On the Concept of History".Rolf Tiedemann - 1983 - Philosophical Forum 15 (1):71.
     
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  42. Hempel and Oppenheim on Explanation.Rolf Eberle, David Kaplan & Richard Montague - 1961 - Philosophy of Science 28 (4):418-428.
    Hempel and Oppenheim, in their paper 'The Logic of Explanation', have offered an analysis of the notion of scientific explanation. The present paper advances considerations in the light of which their analysis seems inadequate. In particular, several theorems are proved with roughly the following content: between almost any theory and almost any singular sentence, certain relations of explainability hold.
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  43.  41
    Exploring “Fringe” Consciousness: The Subjective Experience of Perceptual Fluency and its Objective Bases.Rolf Reber, Pascal Wurtz & Thomas D. Zimmermann - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):47-60.
    Perceptual fluency is the subjective experience of ease with which an incoming stimulus is processed. Although perceptual fluency is assessed by speed of processing, it remains unclear how objective speed is related to subjective experiences of fluency. We present evidence that speed at different stages of the perceptual process contributes to perceptual fluency. In an experiment, figure-ground contrast influenced detection of briefly presented words, but not their identification at longer exposure durations. Conversely, font in which the word was written influenced (...)
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  44.  8
    Medical Humanities — Arts and Humanistic Science.Rolf Ahlzén - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):385-393.
    The nature and scope of medical humanities are under debate. Some regard this field as consisting of those parts of the humanistic sciences that enhance our understanding of clinical practice and of medicine as historical phenomenon. In this article it is argued that aesthetic experience is as crucial to this project as are humanistic studies. To rightly understand what medicine is about we need to acknowledge the equal importance of two modes of understanding, intertwined and mutually reinforcing: the mode of (...)
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  45.  29
    Who Should Bear the Cost of Children?Rolf George - 1987 - Public Affairs Quarterly 1 (1):1-42.
  46.  38
    Towards a More Dynamic Plant Morphology.Rolf Sattler - 1990 - Acta Biotheoretica 38 (3-4):303-315.
    From the point of view of a dynamic morphology, form is not only the result of process(es) — it is process. This process may be analyzed in terms of two pairs of fundamental processes: growth and decay, differentiation and dedifferentiation. Each of these processes can be analyzed in terms of various modalities (parameters) and submodalities. This paper deals with those of growth (see Table 1). For the purpose of systematits and phylogenetic reconstruction the modalities and submodalities can be considered dynamic (...)
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  47. Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms.Rolf Niedermeier - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    A fixed-parameter is an algorithm that provides an optimal solution to a combinatorial problem. This research-level text is an application-oriented introduction to the growing and highly topical area of the development and analysis of efficient fixed-parameter algorithms for hard problems. The book is divided into three parts: a broad introduction that provides the general philosophy and motivation; followed by coverage of algorithmic methods developed over the years in fixed-parameter algorithmics forming the core of the book; and a discussion of the (...)
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  48.  66
    A Logic of Believing, Knowing, and Inferring.Rolf A. Eberle - 1974 - Synthese 26 (3-4):356 - 382.
  49.  23
    Hemispheric Differences in Semantic-Relatedness Judgments.Rolf A. Zwaan & Richard H. Yaxley - 2003 - Cognition 87 (3):B79-B86.
  50.  18
    Color Spaces and Color Order Systems, a Primer.Rolf Kuehni - 2010 - In Jonathan D. Cohen & Mohan Matthen (eds.), Color Ontology and Color Science. MIT Press.
    This chapter discusses the ordering of color percepts, and starts by presenting an overview of the critical issues surrounding the topic and by examining the relationship between stimuli and percepts. Certain types of variability were found by experimental psychology in the relationship between stimulus and response as a result of observation conditions. In the twentieth century, the view that the normal human color-vision system has a standard implementation and that all perceptual data are appropriately treated with normal statistical distribution methodology (...)
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