Results for 'Leo Szilard'

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  1.  35
    Thomas Merton and Leo Szilard: The Parallel Paths of a Monk and a Nuclear Physicist.Phillip M. Thompson - 2004 - Zygon 39 (4):979-986.
  2.  1
    Leo, Werner, Diderot Als Kunstphilosoph.Werner Leo - 1920 - Kant-Studien 24 (1).
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  3. A Narrow Margin of Hope: Leo Szilard in the Founding Days of CARA.William Lanouette - 2011 - In In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s. pp. 45.
    This chapter focuses on physicist Leo Szilard. Born in Budapest but living and working in Berlin from 1920 to 1933, Szilard was quick to recognize the dangers posed by the Nazis. By July 1932, he began to think of leaving Europe and, early in the new year, he warned his friend, the mathematician Michael Polanyi, ‘Things will get worse under Hitler. Much worse’, and advised his family in Budapest, ‘Leave Europe before it is too late’. He himself left (...)
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  4.  5
    Leo Szilard, Scientist for All Season.Bernard Feld - 1984 - Social Research 51.
  5.  1
    The Collected Works of Leo Szilard. Volume I: Scientific Papers. Bernard T. Feld, Gertrud Weiss Szilard.Stanley Goldberg - 1974 - Isis 65 (3):425-426.
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  6. Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilard, the Man Behind the BombWilliam Lanouette Bela Silard.Lawrence Badash - 1994 - Isis 85 (1):172-173.
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  7. Toward a Livable World: Leo Szilard and the Crusade for Nuclear Arms Control.Barton J. Bernstein - 1987 - MIT Press.
     
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  8.  1
    Realism, Utopia, and the Mushroom Cloud: Four Activist Intellectuals and Their Strategies for Peace, 1945-1989--Louise Weiss , Leo Szilard , E. P. Thompson , Danilo Dolci. [REVIEW]Michael Bess - 1993 - University of Chicago Press.
    . This book is informative, provocative, and encourages one to consider carefully how s/he chooses to live."—Erin McKenna, Utopian Studies "These four lives, researched and skillfully presented by historian Michael Bess, make fascinating ...
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  9. Theodore Karman, Paul Wigner, John Neumann, Leo Szilard, Edward Teller and Their Ideas of Ultimate Reality and Meaning.T. Horvath - 1997 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 20 (2-3):123-146.
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  10.  22
    The Pumpkin or the Tiger? Michael Polanyi, Frederick Soddy, and Anticipating Emerging Technologies.David H. Guston - 2012 - Minerva 50 (3):363-379.
    Imagine putting together a jigsaw puzzle that works like the board game in the movie “Jumanji”: When you finish, whatever the puzzle portrays becomes real. The children playing “Jumanji” learn to prepare for the reality that emerges from the next throw of the dice. But how would this work for the puzzle of scientific research? How do you prepare for unlocking the secrets of the atom, or assembling from the bottom-up nanotechnologies with unforeseen properties – especially when completion of such (...)
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  11.  76
    Modeling Relations.Joop Leo - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (4):353 - 385.
    In the ordinary way of representing relations, the order of the relata plays a structural role, but in the states themselves such an order often does not seem to be intrinsically present. An alternative way to represent relations makes use of positions for the arguments. This is no problem for the love relation, but for relations like the adjacency relation and cyclic relations, different assignments of objects to the positions can give exactly the same states. This is a puzzling situation. (...)
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  12.  1
    Writing the Unthinkable.Peter Schwenger - 1986 - Critical Inquiry 13 (1):33-48.
    It was a novel, among other things, which originated the atomic bomb. H. G. Wells dedicated The World Set Free, published in 1913, to Frederick Soddy, a pioneer in the exploration of radioactivity. Using Soddy’s research as a base, Wells predicted the advent of artificial radioactivity in 1933, the year in which it actually took place; and he foresaw its use for what he named the “atomic bomb.” In Wells’ novel these bombs are used in a world war that erupts (...)
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  13. Broken Brains or Flawed Studies? A Critical Review of ADHD Neuroimaging Research.John R. Leo & D. Cohen - 2003 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 24 (1):29-55.
  14. Leo Tolstois Darlegung des Evangelium und seine theologisch-philosophische Ethik.Nikolay Milkov - 2004 - Perspektiven der Philosophie 30:311-333.
    The paper discusses Leo Tolstoy's philosophy as developed in his works 'A Synoptic Presentation of the Four Gospels' and 'The Gospel in Brief'. Tolstoy considered Christian religion not as a belief but as an ethical doctrine about how to live, so that our life does not lose its meaning when confronted with the death. Jesus' doctrine teaches that we must lead our life following our spirit, not our flesh. This means that we must strive to understand other persons and to (...)
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  15.  7
    Leo Strauss, Political Science, and the Trouble with a “Great Books” Approach to the Study of Politics.Jason Blakely - forthcoming - Brill.
    _ Source: _Page Count 21 I argue that Leo Strauss’s critique of political science has been deeply misunderstood. Moreover, once the true nature of Strauss’s critique is clarified, I argue that he does not provide a viable alternative to contemporary political science. Instead, his philosophy has mostly justified a “great books” approach to the study of politics, which has contributed to the self-isolation of political theory from the rest of political science. Political theorists should seek new ways forward that more (...)
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  16.  21
    Leo Strauss and Nietzsche.Laurence Lampert - 1996 - University of Chicago Press.
    The influential political philosopher Leo Strauss has been credited by conservatives with the recovery of the great tradition of political philosophy stretching back to Plato. Among Strauss's most enduring legacies is a strongly negative assessment of Nietzsche as the modern philosopher most at odds with that tradition and most responsible for the sins of twentieth-century culture--relativism, godlessness, nihilism, and the breakdown of family values. In fact, this apparent denunciation has become so closely associated with Strauss that it is often seen (...)
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  17.  34
    'In the Court of a Great King': Some Remarks on Leo Strauss' Introduction to the Guide for the Perplexed.Matthew Sharpe - 2011 - Sophia 50 (1):141-158.
    This essay, which will be divided between two SOPHIA editions, proposes to test the consensus in Maimonidean scholarship on the alleged intellectualism of Leo Strauss’ Maimonides by making a close interpretive study of Strauss’ 1963 essay ‘How to Begin to Study the Guide for the Perplexed’. While the importance of this essay, which is Strauss’ last extended piece on the Guide, is established in Maimonidean scholarship, its recognised esotericism has been matched by a dearth of detailed studies of the piece. (...)
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  18.  4
    Leo Strauss, Political Science, and the Trouble with a “Great Books” Approach to the Study of Politics.Jason Blakely - forthcoming - New Content is Available for Journal of the Philosophy of History.
    _ Source: _Page Count 21 I argue that Leo Strauss’s critique of political science has been deeply misunderstood. Moreover, once the true nature of Strauss’s critique is clarified, I argue that he does not provide a viable alternative to contemporary political science. Instead, his philosophy has mostly justified a “great books” approach to the study of politics, which has contributed to the self-isolation of political theory from the rest of political science. Political theorists should seek new ways forward that more (...)
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  19.  6
    Between Carl Schmitt and Thomas Hobbes: A Study of Modern Liberalism From Leo Strauss' Thought. [Spanish].José Daniel Parra Quintero - 2010 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 12:48-86.
    Normal 0 21 false false false ES-CO X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} This essay presents a reading of modern liberalism from Leo Strauss´thought. Starting with his analysis of Carl Schmitt’s Concept of the Political and its critique of liberal “neutralization and depolitization”, Strauss posits an affirmation of the (...)
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  20. The Philosophy of Leo Apostel.Leo Apostel, F. Vandamme, R. Pinxten, Fernand J. Vandamme & Ingrid Van Dorren - 1989
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  21. Faith and Political Philosophy: The Correspondence Between Leo Strauss and Eric Voegelin, 1934-1964.Peter Emberley & Barry Cooper (eds.) - 1993 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Leo Strauss and Eric Voegelin were political theorists of the first rank whose impact on the study of political science in North America has been profound. A study of their writings is one of the most expeditious ways to explore the core of political science; comparing and contrasting the positions both theorists have taken in assessing that core provides a comprehensive appreciation of the main options of the Western tradition. In fifty-three recently discovered letters, Strauss and Voegelin explore the nature (...)
     
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  22.  2
    Das Integrale Und Das Gebrochene Ganze: Zum 100. Geburtstag von Leo Gabriel.Yvanka B. Raynova & Susanne Moser (eds.) - 2005 - Peter Lang.
    Dieser Band präsentiert, gemeinsam mit anderen Beiträgen, die anlässlich der Gedenkfeier zum 100. Geburtstag von Leo Gabriel gehaltenen Vorträge am Institut für Philosophie der Universität Wien. Lange vor den gegenwärtigen Bestrebungen zu einer europäischen Integration hat Gabriel die Entwicklung der geistigen Gestalten Europas und das Verhältnis von Einheit und Vielheit integrativ zu erfassen versucht. Die Autorinnen und Autoren erörtern die Quellen sowie die Aktualität des integralen Denkens und vergleichen es mit phänomenologisch-existentialistischen, hermeneutischen, strukturalistischen und postmodernen Theorien. Überdies beinhaltet der Band (...)
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  23.  5
    Islamische Philosophie Und Die Krise der Moderne: Das Verhältnis von Leo Strauss Zu Alfarabi, Avicenna Und Averroes.Georges Tamer - 2001 - Brill.
    This monograph deals with Leo Strauss's reception of the medieval Islamic Philosophy in the context of his reaction towards the problems of modernity. Using reconstructed material, the book introduces a different approach to Strauss developing a new perspective on the Islamic political philosophy.
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  24. Leo Strauss and the Politics of American Empire.Anne Norton - 2004
     
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  25.  75
    Esotericism and Modernity: An Encounter with Leo Strauss.Mark Bevir - 2007 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 1 (2):201-218.
    Strauss championed a philosophy of history according to which philosophers characteristically hide their actual beliefs when writing about ethics and politics. This paper begins by suggesting that an esoteric philosophy of history encourages a set of specific biases when writing histories of philosophy. Proponents of esotericism are liable to be far too ready to conclude that philosophers intended to hide their beliefs; they are likely to be insufficiently attuned to the varied contexts in which philosophers write; and they are likely (...)
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  26. Leo Strauss and Judaism Jerusalem and Athens Critically Revisited.David Novak - 1996
     
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  27.  12
    "Destruktion" or Recovery?: Leo Strauss's Critique of Heidegger.Steven B. Smith - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (2):345 - 377.
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  28. Arendt, Hannah and Strauss, Leo the Uncommenced Dialog.R. Beiner - 1990 - Political Theory 18 (2):238-254.
  29. Ancients and Moderns; Essays on the Tradition of Political Philosophy in Honor of Leo Strauss. Cropsey, Joseph & [From Old Catalog] - 1964 - New York: Basic Books.
  30. Leo Graf Tolstoi Ein Russischer Reformator : Ein Beitrag Zur Religionsphilosophie.Gustav Glogau - 1998
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  31. The Dialectics of Liberation and Radical Activism: An Exchange of Letters Between Herbert Marcuse and Leo Löwenthal.Marcuse Herbert, Löwenthal Leo & Reitz Charles - 2013 - Radical Philosophy Review 16 (1):21-23.
    Warm regards are exchanged between old friends who are seriously bent on changing the world, not merely analyzing it. Mutual appreciation is evident, as is some tension. Herbert Marcuse’s militant critique of US war-making, waste-making, and poverty is taking Europe by storm. Leo Löwenthal tips his hat with subtle irony and humor to Marcuse’s 1967 triumphs as a public intellectual and political theorist. Activist students give Marcuse great credit because other Frankfurt theorists like Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno have remained (...)
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  32. Destruktion or Recovery? Leo Strauss's Critique of Heidegger.Steven B. Smith - 1997 - Faculty of Law, University of Toronto.
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  33.  6
    Leo Strauss on Maimonides: The Complete Writings.Leo Strauss - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
    Leo Strauss's essays and lectures on Maimonides -- Point of departure: why study medieval thinkers? -- How to study medieval philosophy (1944) -- On Maimonides -- Spinoza's critique of Maimonides (1930) -- Cohen and Maimonides (1931) -- The philosophic foundation of the law: Maimonides' doctrine of prophecy and its sources.
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  34.  11
    Leo Strauss on Moses Mendelssohn.Leo Strauss - 2012 - University of Chicago Press.
    Leo Strauss's introductions to ten writings of Moses Mendelssohn -- Preliminary remark by Alexander Altmann -- Introduction to Pope a metaphysician! -- Introduction to "Epistle to Mr. Lessing in Leipzig" -- Introduction to Commentary on Moses Maimonides' "Logical terms" -- Introduction to Treatise on evidence in metaphysical sciences -- Introduction to Phädon -- Introduction to Treatise on the incorporeality of the human soul -- Introduction to "On a handwritten essay of Mr. de Luc's" -- Introduction to The soul -- Introduction (...)
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  35.  13
    Leo Strauss on Plato's Symposium.Leo Strauss - 2001 - University of Chicago Press.
    The first major piece of unpublished work by Leo Strauss to appear in more than thirty years, "Leo Strauss On Plato's "Symposium"" offers the public the unprecedented experience of encountering this renowned scholar as his students did.
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  36.  4
    Leo Strauss: The Early Writings (1921-1932).Leo Strauss - 2002 - State University of New York Press.
    Presents the early published writings of the distinguished political philosopher Leo Strauss, available here for the first time in English. “Zank places at the reader’s disposal the young Strauss’s passionate advocacy of political Zionism and his early confrontations with Spinoza, consideration of whom helped lead Strauss to formulate his teaching on ‘the quarrel between the ancients and the moderns.’” — National Review.
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  37. The Legacy of Leo Strauss.Burns Tony (ed.) - 2010 - Exeter: Inprint Academic.
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  38. The Politics of Paradox: Leo Strauss’s Biblical Debt to Spinoza.Grant Havers - 2015 - Sophia 54 (4):525-543.
    The political philosopher Leo Strauss is famous for contending that any synthesis of reason and revelation is impossible, since they are irreconcilable antagonists. Yet he is also famous for praising the secular regime of liberal democracy as the best regime for all human beings, even though he is well aware that modern philosophers such as Spinoza thought this regime must make use of biblical morality to promote good citizenship. Is democracy, then, both religious and secular? Strauss thought that Spinoza was (...)
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  39.  64
    Exorcist XIV: The Wrath of Maxwell's Demon. Part I. From Maxwell to Szilard.John Earman & John D. Norton - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 29 (4):435-471.
    In this first part of a two-part paper, we describe efforts in the early decades of this century to restrict the extent of violations of the Second Law of thermodynamics that were brought to light by the rise of the kinetic theory and the identification of fluctuation phenomena. We show how these efforts mutated into Szilard’s proposal that Maxwell’s Demon is exorcised by proper attention to the entropy costs associated with the Demon’s memory and information acquisition. In the second (...)
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  40.  35
    Exorcist XIV: The Wrath of Maxwell's Demon. Part I. From Maxwell to Szilard.J. Earman & D. J. - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 29 (4):435-471.
    In this first part of a two-part paper, we describe efforts in the early decades of this century to restrict the extent of violations of the Second Law of thermodynamics that were brought to light by the rise of the kinetic theory and the identification of fluctuation phenomena. We show how these efforts mutated into Szilard's (1929) proposal that Maxwell's Demon is exorcised by proper attention to the entropy costs associated with the Demon's memory and information acquisition. In the (...)
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  41.  35
    Exorcist XIV: The Wrath of Maxwell's Demon. Part II. From Szilard to Landauer and Beyond.J. Earman & D. J. - 1999 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 30 (1):1-40.
    In this second part of our two-part paper we review and analyse attempts since 1950 to use information theoretic notions to exorcise Maxwell's Demon. We argue through a simple dilemma that these attempted exorcisms are ineffective, whether they follow Szilard in seeking a compensating entropy cost in information acquisition or Landauer in seeking that cost in memory erasure. In so far as the Demon is a thermodynamic system already governed by the Second Law, no further supposition about information and (...)
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  42.  15
    Leo Strauss and Emmanuel Levinas: Philosophy and the Politics of Revelation.Leora Faye Batnitzky - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Leo Strauss and Emmanuel Levinas, two twentieth-century Jewish philosophers and two extremely provocative thinkers whose reputations have grown considerably over the last twenty years, are rarely studied together. This is due to the disparate interests of many of their intellectual heirs. Strauss has influenced political theorists and policy makers on the right while Levinas has been championed in the humanities by different cadres associated with postmodernist thought. In Leo Strauss and Emmanuel Levinas: Philosophy and the Politics of Revelation, Leora Batnitzky (...)
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  43. Leo Strauss and Anglo-American Democracy: A Conservative Critique.Grant N. Havers - 2013 - Northern Illinois University Press.
    In this original new study, Grant Havers critically interprets Leo Strauss’s political philosophy from a conservative perspective. Most mainstream readers of Strauss have either condemned him from the Left as an extreme right-wing opponent of liberal democracy or celebrated him from the Right as a traditional defender of Western civilization. Rejecting both of these portrayals, Havers shifts the debate beyond the conventional parameters of our age. He persuasively shows that Strauss was neither a man of the Far Right nor a (...)
     
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  44.  1
    The Enduring Importance of Leo Strauss.Laurence Lampert - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
    _The Enduring Importance of Leo Strauss_ takes on the crucial task of separating what is truly important in the work of Leo Strauss from the ephemeral politics associated with his school. Laurence Lampert focuses on exotericism: the use of artful rhetoric to simultaneously communicate a socially responsible message to the public at large and a more radical message of philosophic truth to a smaller, more intellectually inclined audience. Largely forgotten after the Enlightenment, exotericism, he shows, deeply informed Strauss both as (...)
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  45. Leo Strauss's Discovery of the Theologico-Political Problem.S. B. Smith - 2013 - European Journal of Political Theory 12 (4):388-408.
    Leo Strauss once called the theologico-political problem ‘the theme of my investigations’ from the 1920s on. What justified this remark is by no means obvious. This article examines the origins of Strauss’s concern with political theology in his earliest writings on Zionism and Jewish thought during the Weimar period. Here we see Strauss, at the outset of his career as a young Zionist committed to a programme of political atheism, slowly begin to develop the idea that the conflict between unbelief (...)
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  46. A Quantum-Mechanical Treatment of Szilard's Engine: Implications for the Entropy of Information. [REVIEW]L. C. Biedenharn & J. C. Solem - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (8):1221-1229.
    We present a quantum-mechanical analysis of Szilard's famous single-molecule engine, showing that it is analogous to the double-slit experiment. We further show that the energy derived from the engine's operation is provided by the act of observing the molecule's location. The engine can be operated with no increase in physical entropy, and the second law of thermodynamics does not compel us to relate physical entropy to informational entropy. We conclude that information per seis a subjective, idealized, concept separated from (...)
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  47.  14
    Szilard’s Perpetuum Mobile.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (2):264-283.
    In a previous article, we have demonstrated by a general phase space argument that a Maxwellian Demon is compatible with statistical mechanics. In this article, we show how this idea can be put to work in the prevalent model of the Demon, namely, a particle-in-a-box, used, for example, by Szilard and Bennett. In the literature, this model is used in order to show that a Demon is incompatible with statistical mechanics, either classical or quantum. However, we show that a (...)
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  48. The Cognitive Science of Religion and Theism Again: A Reply to Leo Näreaho.David Leech & Aku Visala - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (1):1-10.
    In this article we respond to Leo Nreaho construes what he takes to be our commitment to a thesis regarding the of the new bio-psychological theories of religion (in the case at hand, CSR). We suggest that Näreaho has misconstrued us on what the neutrality thesis actually is and what follows from it. We conclude that his own proposal for compatibility is not an alternative to ours but rather one permissible metaphysical reading of CSR among others.
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  49.  3
    On the Tragedy of the Modern Condition: The ‘Theologico-Political Problem’ in Carl Schmitt, Leo Strauss, and Hannah Arendt.Facundo Vega - 2017 - The European Legacy 22 (6):697-728.
    This article addresses Eric L. Santner’s claim that “there is more political theology in everyday life than we might have ever thought” by analyzing the “theologico-political problem” in the work of three prominent twentieth-century political thinkers—Carl Schmitt, Leo Strauss, and Hannah Arendt. Schmitt, Strauss, and Arendt share a preoccupation with the crisis of modern political liberalism and confront the theologico-political problem in a similar spirit: although their responses differ dramatically, their individual accounts dwell on the absence of incontestable principles in (...)
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  50.  77
    Exorcist XIV: The Wrath of Maxwell's Demon. Part II. From Szilard to Landauer and Beyond.John Norton - 1999 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 30 (1):1-40.
    In this second part of our two-part paper we review and analyse attempts since 1950 to use information theoretic notions to exorcise Maxwell’s Demon. We argue through a simple dilemma that these attempted exorcisms are ineffective, whether they follow Szilard in seeking a compensating entropy cost in information acquisition or Landauer in seeking that cost in memory erasure. In so far as the Demon is a thermodynamic system already governed by the Second Law, no further supposition about information and (...)
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