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  1. Identical Legal Entities and the Trinity: Relative-Social Trinitarianism.James Goetz - 2016 - Journal of Analytic Theology 4 (1):128-146.
    Goetz outlined legal models of identical entities that include natural persons who are identical to a coregency and natural persons who are identical to a general partnership. Those entities cohere with the formula logic of relative identity. This essay outlines the coexistence of relative identity and numerical identity in the models of identical legal entities, which is impure relative identity. These models support the synthesis of Relative Trinitarianism and Social Trinitarianism, which I call Relative-Social Trinitarianism.
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2016-08-08
Corrections for Identical Legal Entities and the Trinity: Relative-Social Trinitarianism
After the publication of this paper, I enjoyed personal communication with Aloysius Martinich and discovered that I misused if and only if in several places of this paper. The corrections are below:

The formula indicates the following:
1. A is relatively identical to the value, but A is not absolutely identical to the value.
2. B is relatively identical to the value, but B is not absolutely identical to the value.
3. The value of A is absolutely identical to the value of B.
4. A is not identical to B.
(page 135)

1. The expression 1 + 3 is relatively identical to the value 4, but 1 + 3 is not absolutely identical to 4.

2. The expression 2 + 2 is relatively identical to the value 4, but 2 + 2 is not absolutely identical to 4.
3. The value of 1 + 3 is absolutely identical to the value of 2 + 2.
4. The expression 1 + 3 is not identical to the expression 2 + 2.
(page 135)

1. The triumvir was relatively identical to Lepidus, but the triumvir was not absolutely identical to Lepidus.
2. The pontifex maximus was relatively identical to Lepidus, but pontifex maximus was not absolutely identical to Lepidus.
3. Natural person Lepidus who existed as the triumvir was absolutely identical to natural person Lepidus who existed as the pontifex maximus.
4. The triumvir was not identical to the pontifex maximus.
(page 136)

Natural persons X and Y become proprietors while forming general partnership C. X is C and possesses the entire authority of C; Y is C and possesses the entire authority of C; X and Y are different natural persons....
1. X is relatively identical to C, but X is not absolutely identical to C.
2. Y is relatively identical to C, but noY is not absolutely identical to C.
3. X's authority of C is absolutely identical to Y's authority of C.
4. X is not identical to Y.
(page 136)

1. Octavian was relatively identical to the triumvirate, but Octavian was not absolutely identical to the triumvirate.
2. Lepidus was relatively identical to the triumvirate, but Lepidus was not absolutely identical to the triumvirate.
3. Antony was relatively identical to the triumvirate, but Antony was not absolutely identical to the triumvirate.
4. Octavian's absolute authority was absolutely identical to Lepidus's absolute authority.
5. Octavian's absolute authority was absolutely identical to Antony's absolute authority.
6. Lepidus's absolute authority was absolutely identical to Antony's absolute authority.
7. Octavian was not identical to Lepidus.
8. Octavian was not identical to Antony.
9. Lepidus was not identical to Antony.
(pages 136-137)

1. The Father is relatively identical to the triune God, but the Father is not absolutely identical to the triune God.
2. The Son is relatively identical to the triune God, but the Son is not absolutely identical to the triune God.
3. The Holy Spirit is relatively identical to the triune God, but the Holy Spirit is not absolutely identical to the triune God.
4. The Father's divine authority is absolutely identical to the Son's divine authority.
5. The Father's divine authority is absolutely identical to the Holy Spirit's divine authority.
6. The Son's divine authority is absolutely identical to the Holy Spirit's divine authority.
7. The Father is not identical to the Son.
8. The Father is not identical to the Holy Spirit.
9. The Son is not identical to the Holy Spirit.
(page 140)


2017-02-21
Corrections for Identical Legal Entities and the Trinity: Relative-Social Trinitarianism
Reply to James Goetz
In accounting, we have a similar issue derived from the same position as the law of contract:

1.    The offered good and or service is relatively identical to the value of the offered good and or service, but the offered good and or service is not absolutely identical to the value of the offered good and or service.
2.    The consideration for the offered good and or service is relatively identical to the value of the consideration for the offered good and or service, but the consideration for the offered good and or service is not absolutely identical to the value of the consideration for the offered good and or service.
3.    The value of the offered good and or service is absolutely identical to the value of the consideration for the offered good and or service, when the goods and or service and consideration passes and the contract is completed.
4.    The offered good and or service is not identical to the consideration for the offered good and or service.

There is an issue should note that value is not constant over time and space, which is why we cannot achieve an invariable standard of value to facilitate the pricing of goods and services. However, once the contract is concluded we have a valuation for a specific transaction that becomes an historical fact. 

Historical facts should be recorded as an historical cost and follow the accounting historical cost convention. This is an inconvenience for some businesses as we approach a period of inflation, which will lead to questions about the need for inflation accounting. This would require that we abandon historical facts for a variety of subjective valuations, which are based on historical facts but distorted for political convenience.

I will postulate that historical facts are an essential component of accounts that give a ‘true and fair view’ and must be enshrined in all accounting and auditing standards. This is essential as accounting is the measurement science for the social sciences (especially economics) and business studies that rely on the use of accounting data as objective secondary data. Despite this, very little is invested to ensure that all of these academics that use accounting data are not systematically corrupted by subjective accounting standards.