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1 - 20 / 29 2016-01-05Filippo Contesi
Institut Jean NicodWhat are good journals to publish stuff in meta-philosophy, besides _Metaphilosophy_?
University of TampereI would like to ask: how many of you think that the task of philosophy is to make our concepts clearer? I would also like to add, that do you think that philosophy is a completly different doctring from science?
My answer to the first one is yes, but I am still a little bit uncertain about the second question. However, it might be the case, that from giving to the first question an answer "Yes" it follows that one must also answer "Yes" to the second question.
What is your opinion about this?
Also: if you have a view about philosophy, which you think is not so common view, I would also like to read and discuss about it.Latest replies:
- James Harrod, 2015-12-15 : Dear Yes, I agree. For me in my own work the task of philosophy is to make our concepts clear and precise. In my view, s... (read more)
- Ralph Kenyon, 2015-12-15 : I would begin by changing the definite article to the indefinite article - "a task of philosophy". In general... (read more)
- Dinesh Patidar, 2015-12-21 : Dear Mr. I agree with first answer but i would like to say something more about it, the task of philosophy is to take da... (read more)
- Reijo Jaakkola, 2015-12-21 : Yes, many people would say, that the task of philosophy is to grasp the reality. But what is the way a philosopher can g... (read more)
- Moorad Alexanian, 2016-01-05 : The Order and Integration of Knowledge Moorad Alexanian "William Oliver Martin published "The Order and Integration... (read more)
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University of New HavenOne of the correlations I find interesting in the survey is of a predominance (among the target group) of atheists with a predominance of moral cognitivists. This conforms to the several books that have come out in the last decade by so-called New Atheists who nevertheless continue staunchly to defend morality (and often as well their particular moral take on things). While the correlation in the survey is therefore not surprising to me, it is surprising to me in a kind of normative sense, in that I have latterly come to see morality as but a relic of "that old time religion." Of course the correlation has an honored and ancient pedigree, beginning with Plato's "Euthyphro." But isn't it about time that the analytic consensus moved towards a robust moral abolitionism, in the manner of, say, Richard Garner, rather than forever attempting to salvage a way of speaking that perpetuates attitudes we seem more than happy to discard in the case of religion?Latest replies:
- John LeGore, 2013-05-03 : Greetings Joel. I know we are not familiar with each other but I just felt compelled to give my two cents in regards to... (read more)
- Joel Marks, 2013-05-03 : Thank you for your comment, John, and, yes, you do interpret me correctly, although I don't think I agree with all o... (read more)
- John LeGore, 2013-05-04 : I am elated that you responded back to me! Seeing as how I am almost finished my education I want to immerse myself as d... (read more)
- Stephen R. L. Clark, 2013-05-05 : Speaking as a theist, I too was puzzled that people claiming to be atheists were somehow also moral realists/cognitivist... (read more)
- Joel Marks, 2013-05-05 : First, thank you for making explicit the cognitivist/realist connection, since that is what I had in mind. Some semantic... (read more)
University of New Haven
This may be a commonplace in statistical science, but it came as a pleasant surprise to me to see "It is surprising" operationally defined in this paper, namely as reaching a level of dashed expectation by philosophers who took the metasurvey. "It is surprising" is one of countless expressions that, in my view, are used to subtly and illicitly but powerfully and even unawares used to bring others around to seeing things the way oneself does. I described an example in this passage:
The point I want to make in the present chapter is that the natural tendency to objectify what is essentially subjective is pervasive in our experience, even beyond morality. Consider the seemingly innocuous sentence, “The results were surprising,” which I quote from a book about the physiology and psychology of marine animals. The context is the discussion of an experiment to determine whether crustaceans can feel pain. The subjects were hermit crabs living inside abandoned snail shells that had been outfitt ... (read more)
Los Angeles Community CollegesOccasionally I have been asked by students what I myself believe, especially when it come to more sensitive topics dealing with a religious outlook. My answer typically is that I do not want to influence their own classroom discussion by intruding my personal outlook. In this way I can continue to play Socrates,constantly challenging positions put forward without having to defend any stand of my own.
The truth of the matter, though, is that I am very uncomfortable with that term "belief." Again, in the classroom, I will often cite as an axiom the idea from William James that beliefs are rules for action so that the content of a belief matters less to me than how it determines someone's behavior. Consequently, I am far less interested in many of the standard debates dealing with metaphysical or epistemological issues than I am with discussions involving ethics and political theory. At the same time, though, I understand full well that there are certa ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Derek Allan, 2015-09-23 : Hi Albert I was the one asked: 'did anyone ever die for theism?' By theism I mean the very intellectualised noti... (read more)
- Albert Halliday, 2015-10-06 : It is interesting to look back at the Diesm of the 18th century. From there it is not difficult to see the two major tre... (read more)
- Derek Allan, 2015-10-07 : Hi Bert Re:_ "_ So, if a philosopher says something that you cannot agree with, perhaps it is not the philosopher... (read more)
- Alex Kostko, 2015-10-07 : Hi! Would it be logical if we just review various definitions of the word "belief" and how it came to be and u... (read more)
- Albert Halliday, 2015-10-13 : The main point that I failed to make was that all of us are different, although we can also be categorised. Our basic ps... (read more)
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University of British ColumbiaThe majority of the correlational research published in the experimental psychology journals is based on correlations with r values ranging from .40 upwards. According to the authors of the popular elementary book Psychology—Gleitman, Gross, and Reisberg—these numbers reflect relationships strong enough to produce recognizable patterns in the data. When we are working with r values much less than .40, we begin to grasp at straws. However rock solid the inferential statistical analysis in this paper, the foundation of the inferences is the correlations. When we have correlations that are drastically below the r values acceptable for publication in the experimental journals, one should seriously question what to make of inferential analyses of them. Using inferential statistics to make any broad claims based on such low r values is bad, and I worry that people unacquainted with statistical research will use the analysis provided in the paper for more than satisfying their curiosity. If&n ... (read more)
Taras Shevhcenko National Univeristy of KyivDear authors,
Thank you for this very interesting and illuminative paper and a chance to get acquainted with it. I'm interested in one particular moment. How many philosophers did describe themselves as a 'followers' of Wittgenstein? I'm investigating the problem of unpopularity of Wittgenstein in contemporary Analytic philosophy and I would very appreciate if you could make the result of your survey on the question stated above available.
Thank you in advance.
Iurii KozikLatest replies:
- David Chalmers, 2013-04-30 : The answer to your question can be found here. 73 out of 931 respondents described themselves at Wittgensteinian... (read more)
- Derek Allan, 2013-05-11 : A brief comment on the views expressed in “On the Conception and Design of the PhilPapers Survey”. I'll take the que... (read more)
SUNY Upstate Medical UniversityWhat possible significance could this article have? I'm surprised that it has even been accepted for publication. If it is publishable anywhere, it belongs in a sociology journal. Its methods are sociological, not philosophical, and terminally flawed by their lack of comprehensiveness with regard to formulating the survey.
Its questions are simplistic, dichotomous, and non-exhaustive. Moreover, many of these dichotomies are false, e.g., "analytic" vs. "continental" juxtaposes a conceptual category with a geographical category, i.e., it should be either "analytic" vs. "speculative" or "Anglo-American" vs. "continental."
Another example: "Theistic" vs. "atheistic" made me laugh. There are just so many other unmentioned options here. Maybe the high-school-educated-person-in-the-street could answer that question, but how could a philosopher answer it?Latest replies:
- Derek Allan, 2014-06-27 : Hi Andrew RE: I don't see how you inferred from the graph that there's a single way all analytic philosophers th... (read more)
- Andrew Higgins, 2014-06-28 : DA: Thanks for the clarification, and yes I think you're right. There seem to be two general ways of thinking (altho... (read more)
- Derek Allan, 2014-07-07 : Hi Andrew I thought I posted a reply to your latest but, if so, it hasn’t appeared for some reason. You write” … I had a... (read more)
- Andrew Higgins, 2014-07-10 : DA,&I suspect that I'm not as pessimistic, but I'm broadly in agreement. I agree that analytics have paved over... (read more)
- Derek Allan, 2014-07-16 : Hi Andrew RE: “So they [analytic philosophers] sort of try to emulate the scientists' methods by embracing mathemati... (read more)
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2013-04-30I must commend you both on a well written and superbly organized piece. Though I must confess I did not read the entirety of the work (Due largely to the fact that I am still a neophyte as it pertains to the majority of philosophical concepts surveyed among the participants.) it is clear that you two put forth much effort and time into this piece. What I actually did want to discuss though were two particular results that captured my interest. The first being that 72.8% of respondents are Atheist. Now doing the math, we see that 72.8% of the 931 philosophers who responded to this survey equates to 678 people rounding up. Though I did not formally submit a survey I belong to this camp. These results are surely indicative that philosophical thought has all but breezed past the likes of Kant, Spinoza, Aquinas, etc.
The result that I found far more fascinating and admittedly somewhat perplexing, was the popularity of Egalitarianism. 34.8% of people partake in Egalit ... (read more)
2013-04-30I have only just skimmed the paper. I noticed that det/indeterminism is not a category. Is this because determinism is viewed as subsumed under the other categories (free will, physicalism, laws of nature, etc)?
Again, I have only just skimmed the paper, so there may be discussion on this I missed.
(I am interested as your work will be very useful when I get the chance to update "Determinism and the Antiquated Deontology of the Social Sciences"
2013-03-25Richard Y. Chappell
University of YorkFor anyone interested, I've written up a brief critique of this paper at Philosophy, et cetera.
2012-11-12I am delighted that someone of Kitcher's ability has tackled the meta-ethical implications of understanding morality as an evolutionary adaptation. Further, Christine Clavien has advanced that good cause by providing an inspiringly insightful and clear review of important implications of his work.
However, the science of the matter actually supports a much stronger hypothesis than Kitcher's "morality evolved to overcome altruism failures".That stronger hypothesis may have different meta-ethical implications.
Relevant criteria for scientific truth regarding morality as an evolutionary adaptation Include explanatory power for descriptive facts and puzzles, no contradiction with known facts, simplicity, and integration with the rest of science. By these criteria, a superior hypothesis can be stated as "morality overcomes a universal cooperation-exploitation dilemma by motivating or advocating altruistic cooperation strategies". That is, morality is composed of assemblies of biolog ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Kevin Corbett, 2013-01-11 : It remains to be seen that the concept of ethics is "intrinsically bound" to concept of altruism. In order for... (read more)
- Reid A. Ashbaucher, 2013-02-01 : I can appreciate this conversation which focuses on the question of morality. It's interesting to me how same approa... (read more)
- Kevin Corbett, 2013-02-24 : Even if it is the case that morality is deontological and derives from God, natural selection is basically an establishe... (read more)
2011-09-10Richard Y. Chappell
University of YorkI couldn't find Tim's email so am instead posting here a link to my critical discussion of his paper (which may also be of interest to other readers):
Moral Judgments, 2Dism, and Attitudinal Commitments.
2011-08-22Shaheen Mohammad Islam
University of Chittagong (Bangladesh)Etymologically, "Philosophy" (or related words in many European languages) means "love of knowledge/wisdom". That is the etymology in the West. In Indian context philosophy is called "dorshon", which etymologically means "vision" . I wonder what philosophy is called in Chinese or other cultures. What are the corresponding etymologies/connotations in those cultures?Latest replies:
- Franson Manjali, 2011-09-20 : I would like to see philosophy as something that began as non-philosophy, differently in different contexts, and somethi... (read more)
- Steven Goldman, 2011-09-21 : Digging into some problems of metaphilosophy, our conversation jumps into all sorts of traditional dilemmas: nominalism... (read more)
- Bijaya Mahapatra, 2011-09-22 : Gentlemen, please correct me if I sound utterly naive and vague in what follows.Even though Kant got off from from his d... (read more)
- Franson Manjali, 2011-09-24 : Yes, I agree that the singularity of our conversation has to be taken into consideration. I should think that it cannot... (read more)
- Steven Goldman, 2011-09-26 : Bijaya Mahapatra has thought a very thought-provoking thought – I wonder if we can think it for a moment. Some steps in... (read more)
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Yerevan State UniversityPeer-reviewed journals and other publications on Philosophy: do they promote, or, on the contrary, hinder the development of philosophical thinking? What is reviewed in them, why and by whom? Does it not look like a certain kind of censorship?Latest replies:
- Arman Hovhannisyan, 2011-09-10 : "Whatever view you are trying to express here, any attempt to enlist the likes of Plato (or similarly Aristotle, Xe... (read more)
- Gary Merrill, 2011-09-10 : I'm sorry if I misinterpreted you. I confess to having a difficult time at parsing many of your statements and... (read more)
- Peter G. Jones, 2011-09-10 : Anton - Thank you. For what it's worth that's about the most sense I've ever heard spoken on the t... (read more)
- Arman Hovhannisyan, 2011-09-10 : OK, you are one of the 1,244 subscribers of this forum. Let the other 1,243 subscribers make their own opinions on all t... (read more)
- Greg P. Hodes, 2011-09-12 : Thanks for your thoughtful remarks. Well, I think eliminating tenure might make matters worse, since it and its communit... (read more)
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University of GenevaThe Philosophical Registry is a very interesting project on its own, independantly of any use other than observing and participating in the systemic life of a philosophical community. However, it could lead to various uses and raise ethical questions : suppose that in few years it has grown enough to serve as a basis for the implementation of a philosophical version of the Turing Test, then, even a vote would not suffice to dissipate the ethical issue if it had not been addressed in the beggining.
There may be also issues related to preliminary theories on the nature of philosophy - specially in the last paragraph of the article - that could make this initial forumulation unsuited for an independant method of assessment. What if the new Lao Tzu gets the poorest evaluation?
This exciting project diserves that its ethical aspects receive thorough attention and prospective.
University of Warsawhttp://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2642
University of WarsawA link to an article going in the same direction:
This guy apparently has some theories about socio-technical systems and on academic publishing as a special case of such a system - see for example: http://brianwhitworth.com/STS/STS-chapter1.pdf
Just browsing First Monday for the link I've also encountered
2010-07-03I got an e-mail the other day from someone who was curious about whether there is any important difference between the term "World Philosophy" and "World Philosophies." Why might that matter? Different writers use one or the other term, and it seems that they do so for some reason or other. What, then, might that reason be?
Well, how about checking the literature a bit to see if there might be an important difference? Doing (a little bit!) of googling, I found a few helpful bits of information.
For instance, consider David Cooper's "World Philosophies: An Historical Introduction", (Blackwell, 2003), or Ninian Smart's "World Philosophy", (Routledge, 1999). Both are introductions to philosophy that have a world perspective, i.e., they are not filled with discussions of only 'Western' texts or readings. That implies that non-Western starting points are worth paying attention to when doing philosophy. But then we have Robert Solomon's "World Phi ... (read more)
Martin UniversityThrillseeking is putting oneself in a position which one knows will trigger all sorts of "danger" reactions in oneself--for fun (though not necessarily only for fun).
Philosophers throughout history have consistently worked to bring their minds to a state in which the conceptual order they belonged to came to appear more and more unstable and in need of serious repair or revision.
It's plausible to think that when one percieves the conceptual order one belongs to as "unstable," one feels as though one is in a sort of danger. Having to forge a new way to make or find meaning in the world is a scary prospect.
But philosophers throughout history have seemed pretty clearly to enjoy this. They did it not only for fun, but at least for fun.
So I suggest that Philosophy can be understood as conceptual thrillseeking. It is bringing oneself to the brink of complete instability in one's conceptual order--and enjoying it.
(Does this allow for system building to be part of philosophy? At times I suspec ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Robert Seddon, 2009-10-30 : Even supposing that this is, psychologically, what we do or what motivates us to do it, is it only we philosophers who e... (read more)
- Gary Geck, 2009-11-16 : What a great metaphor! I feel that philosophy is unique among the disciplines in that it is the hardest to contain. Ever... (read more)
- Liam Moore, 2009-11-24 : I very much like the idea of philosophy as an example of conceptual thrillseeking - this captures the wonder of philosop... (read more)
- Scott Stratton, 2009-12-04 : I, too, like the metaphor! I think a lot of interesting components to the primary metaphor could be explored (e.g., the... (read more)
- Aaron Harrison, 2009-12-11 : Yes, philosophy is thrilling. Recall the famous story of Sartre encountering Husserl for the first time. We must all kno... (read more)
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