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1 - 20 / 27 2016-08-08After the publication of this paper, I enjoyed personal communication with Aloysius Martinich and discovered that I misused if and only if in several places of this paper. The corrections are below:
The formula indicates the following:
1. A is relatively identical to the value, but A is not absolutely identical to the value.
2. B is relatively identical to the value, but B is not absolutely identical to the value.
3. The value of A is absolutely identical to the value of B.
4. A is not identical to B.
1. The expression 1 + 3 is relatively identical to the value 4, but 1 + 3 is not absolutely identical to 4.
2. The expression 2 + 2 is relatively identical to the value 4, but 2 + 2 is not absolutely identical to 4.
3. The value of 1 + 3 is absolutely identical to the value of 2 + 2.
4. The expression 1 + 3 is not identical to the expression 2 + 2.
1. The triumvir was relatively identical to Lepidus, but the triumvir was not absolutely identical to Lepidus.
2. The pontifex maximus ... (read more)
2016-07-20It seems to me that this work is very much unavailable to students and professionals. Have not found it online in any form, save for a few hardcover editions for more than $500. Crazy.
University of Minnesota, MorrisNot out of umbrage so much as a deep concern over ideological censorship in philosophy, I want to publicly note and respond to the negative referee reports this paper has received (when graced with a report at all----it was desk rejected multiple times without comment). I believe the comments I quote below, compared with a reading of the paper itself, will reveal that it was rejected for ideological reasons, and that the paper warrants publication and indeed engagement.
Background: I co-authored this paper with a student, Michael Prideaux, a queer activist who is now studying non-profit management. I disagree with my coauthor on many matters, but we agree on the importance of principles, consistency, and reasoning in ethical debate. Unfortunately, our referee(s) believe in gate-keeping and stifling views they find "troubling." I waited to post a public reply until he was in grad school so as to shield him from controversy.
Below I will quote the only two referee reports I received. I wi ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Derek Allan, 2016-07-05 : This is not a comment on the quality of the referees’ reports – though on a quick reading it does seem to me that you ma... (read more)
- Dan Demetriou, 2016-07-05 : Thank you for your observation, Derek.&I agree. The terminology around this issue is minefield, and there are many shibb... (read more)
- Dan Demetriou, 2016-07-05 : Readers: Sorry for the typos. I hurriedly wrote this in rural Cameroon, where electricity is spotty, and couldn't pr... (read more)
- Tim O'Keefe, 2016-07-07 : For future reference, there is an extensive discussion of the reports and whether they're ideological policing at Da... (read more)
2016-07-06Terence Rajivan Edward
University of ManchesterI have been listening to all these economic warnings against Brexit, but they leave me with a couple of worries. And I don't have the expertise to assess them properly:
(a) The arguments for very negative economic effects from Brexit seem to assume that Brexit will leave the EU perfectly intact. It can then punish us with its economic power! But the assumption is very heavy. At least 4 EU member states fear that Brexit will lead to referendums in their own countries: France, Austria, Netherlands and Denmark.
(b) David Cameron repeatedly tells us that according to 9 out of 10 economists, Brexit would be bad for the UK. But the principle “Just go with the vast majority of economic experts on what the economic consequences are” is questionable. What about the 1 out of 10? Who are they? Today I found a professor at Cardiff Business School, a professor of economics at Durham University, and a professor of pensions at Cass Business School. Also Joseph Stiglitz, one of the greatest li ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Jonathan C.W. Edwards, 2016-07-19 : I don't think you understand currency dynamics Ralph. The Greek problem was caused by being encouraged to join the E... (read more)
- Ralf Wüstermann, 2016-07-20 : first: I called my ideas dreams, because I know this is a long way to realize. Additionally was the current dynamic inte... (read more)
- Jonathan C.W. Edwards, 2016-07-20 : I think you keep missing the point with this 'greatest economic'. A very simple level of math will mean you have... (read more)
- Ralf Wüstermann, 2016-07-21 : Of course money is not all, but it seems your socialist ideas are at same unrealistic, than my dream of the United State... (read more)
- Mradulla Kumari Patel, 2016-08-04 : The UK has been in economic problems for a long while now. Brexit or no brexit. But this is shocking! Today I suggested... (read more)
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2016-04-12If you have any thoughts, comments or questions about this paper, let me know!
2016-04-12If you have any thoughts, comments or questions about this paper, let me know!
2016-04-12If you have any thoughts, comments or questions about this paper, let me know!Latest replies:
- Jonathan C.W. Edwards, 2016-04-16 : Dear Michael,What your paper appears to be exposing is that once one tries to analyse concepts such as freedom and agenc... (read more)
- Hachem El Ouggouti, 2016-05-24 : I have tried to read your text about inner freedom, but I have to admit that I gave up after a couple of pages. It sound... (read more)
2015-12-11In Mark Cherry’s article “Non-consensual Treatment is (nearly always) Morally Adherent” he takes a Socratic approach to the issue of involuntary hospitalization and forced treatment of psychiatric patients. Cherry believes that non-consensual treatment does not reserve the patient’s best interest, fails to respect autonomy, and uses the idea of the mentally ill being a threat to others to violate their human rights. I will challenge these ideas by exploring the “thank you theory” as it is related to a wide range of mental illnesses and respect to patient best interest, pondering how the informed consent process can ever be seen as valid with a patient having no true sense of reality, and how never considering someone a threat until they already show violent behavior can result in tragedies occurring that could have been easily prevented.
Though it is true that non-consensual treatment of the mentally ill usually does not result in a “thank you” from the patients, addicts seem to be the ... (read more)
University College LondonWhat kind of academic inquiry can best help humanity make progress towards as good a world as possible? Why are philosophers apparently so uninterested in this question? Is it because most believe the kind of academic inquiry we have today, devoted primarily to the pursuit of knoweldge and technological know-how, is the best that we can have, judged from the perspective of helping humanity make progress towards a better world? Why are philosophers apparently so uninterested in arguments which seem to show decisively that inquiry restricted to the pursuit of knowledge is both profoundly irrational, and a menace? The successful pursuit of knowledge and technological know-how, dissociated from a more fundamental concern to help humanity resolve conflicts and problems of living in increasingly cooperatively rational ways, is almost bound to lead to trouble. Scientific knowledge and technological know-how enormously increase our power to act - for some of us at ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Derek Allan, 2016-10-20 : _Re: while life expectancy among Māori was 298 years old:' _ I'm assuming this is a typo, Ian? _RE: &q... (read more)
- Ian Stuart, 2016-10-21 : Yessss..There does need to be discussion about this, and in indigenous communities it is a group discussion. In ou... (read more)
- Ian Stuart, 2016-10-21 : Yes, a very bad typo... should be 28. Identical to the life expectancy of Paris at the time... Yes, most cul... (read more)
- John Hodgson, 2017-01-07 : _"The scientific approach to ethics, which many here have labelled Eugenics, works well within an Indigenous framew... (read more)
- Derek Allan, 2017-01-07 : Hi John RE: There currently seems a strong justification for the notion that humanity often doesn't know what is in... (read more)
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North Carolina State UniversityIf you come across this paper while researching philosophy of love, you should watch this: https://youtu.be/ykxNI137sPk
2015-02-19Kristin M. Mickelson
University of GothenburgIf you have any questions or comments on "The Zygote Argument is Invalid", I would enjoy discussing them on this thread!
2015-02-01Terence Rajivan Edward
University of ManchesterI have noticed a small literature on Okin's objection to libertarianism. But I question whether this should be discussed under the heading of "Okin's objection". A very similar objection has been around for centuries by Robert Filmer, which the author briefly mentions but does not present. Filmer's objection is now discussed under the heading of the paradox of self-ownership.
It says that, given common knowledge, we cannot endorse both these propositions, which are essential to (standard?) libertarianism:
(1) Each person owns themselves.
(2) Each person owns the products of their labour.
According to Filmer, a person is the product of their parents' labour so they do not own themselves by (2).
Okin's version says that a person is the product of their mother's labour so they do not own themselves. (It seems she does not give a male parent even 0.000001% labour contribution.)
If the focus is mainly on whether a libertarian can say that individuals are self-owners, I feel it is unfair to discus ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Terence Rajivan Edward, 2015-02-04 : Um, a correction, the history is way more complicated than I thought. I looked at the sources and it seems that Robert F... (read more)
- Ian Stuart, 2015-03-09 : As a long-time Anarchist (or libertarian communist) I find the concept of ownership problematic enough without rai... (read more)
Portland State University
The writing describes a new sort of individual, “a delude”. People like Hitler would well fit the description. He was mentally healthy, however overwhelmed by grossly deluded opinions.
Here is the description from the text:
"Even when a person is born possessing a healthy mental state, the familial and environmental assault during childhood with deluded opinions and behavior can be the basis for an individual to develop into a delude, an individual in a deluded mental state. In this writing, the label fool, or imbecile, is sometimes interchangeable with the underlying primary conditions of the delude. A fool is predisposed to accept deluded opinions as true; however, he or she can have an overall good awareness of social norms and laws that he or she learned to comply with. A fool is not, because of his mental condition alone, a villain. In contrast, the delude typically develops overwhelming extreme views. These views can be held as more important than any social or legal consideration ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Ian Stuart, 2015-01-21 : Absolutely.&However there are major issues here. I think, to paraphrase Foucault a little, the centre (norm, socia... (read more)
- Joseph Krenz, 2015-02-07 : Thanks for your response. During years, I gathered a bunch of notes on the unfortunate condition of human nature... (read more)
- Ian Stuart, 2015-02-17 : Dear Yoji Awesome. I think you are onto something. And it is something important in the contemporary world... (read more)
- "Tami" "Williams", 2016-06-21 : I'm a psychologist (dr of philosophy not dr in philosophy). I find Hitler, like some odd bohemian friends of... (read more)
2014-10-19I want to draw a distinction between a "nation" (or other group) in terms of the individuals that make it up and that "nation" (or other group) as a unified body. The former is entirely made up of reductive qualities; it has properties just in case the individuals have the property. So the British nation loves tea, the Korean nation loves Kimchee and the German nation loves sausages etc. The "unified body" has emergent qualities; sovereignty, a foreign policy, institutions, a seat at the United Nations etc.
It seems to me that the first "nation" can have some properties, in virtue of it's members having those properties that conflict with similar emergent properties of the second "nation". For example Germany's actions in World War 1 were, at least thought to be, in the interest of Germany. But that would appear to be "Germany" in the second sense of "nation". It doesn't seem to have advanced or even be aimed at advancing the individuals that made up the nation.
That's two paragraphs ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Dagmar Comtesse, 2014-10-22 : Your planed analytical distinction seems to me like the one between subject and institutions. In any case you should con... (read more)
- Tendayi Marovah, 2014-10-22 : This is far more complicated than it sounds and it draws in a number of debates ranging from the discourses on identitie... (read more)
- Boram Lee, 2014-10-22 : You might find Margaret Gilbert's plural subject theory relevant to Best, Boram
- Ian Stuart, 2014-10-28 : Kia ora ra This may sound a little simplistic, but are you using the word 'nation" to mean both "nation&qu... (read more)
- Przemysław Sobczak, 2014-11-07 : This Essay? http://www.google.pl/books?hl=pl&lr=&id=KUh7AAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR3&dq=Margaret+Gilbert%27s+p... (read more)
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Université du Québec à Montreal
University of Southampton(1) That sentient life will one day come to an end is no solace for those sentients existing and suffering today.
(2) Whether it is better to have been or not to have been is a Cartesian koan I can ponder concrerning myself, but not one I have a right to decide concerning another sentient that is or has been; all the less right have I to create or support the creation of another sentient, out of nothing.
(3) Pain and pleasure are incommensurable; only pain is pertinent to moral musings like these: No number of orgasms (for me) compensates for one fallen sparrow; and, again, the sparrow’s pains or solaces are not for me to weigh -- for the sparrow.
(4) Christianity is particularly self-righteous and presumptuous on such questions, always ready to sanction temporal risk and suffering for the bodies of others for the salvation of their immaterial, immortal souls, sub specie aeternitatis.Latest replies:
- Stevan Harnad, 2014-05-18 : _Revision:_ (1) That sentient life will one day come to an end is no solace for those sentients existing (2) Whether it... (read more)
- Derek Allan, 2014-06-11 : Hi Steve Interesting thoughts.Couple of brief comments: RE: That sentient life will one day come to an end is no solace... (read more)
Duke UniversityThe general (perhaps only the Western) view is that there is little to no contribution to ancient political thought from Asia. In recent scholarships, Indian and Chinese scholars have argued that Kautilya's Arthashastra (some include Manu’s Laws) and Confucius' Analects have much to contribute to ancient political thought and even contemporary relevance, and have reconstructed them so.
Besides Confucianism and Hinduism, does Buddhism or the Buddha have anything to say about socio-political organization? Some have asserted that the Buddha was a political realist, i.e. even though he favored some kind of a tribal democratic republic (as shown in how the sangha is structured), a colossal socio-political transformation was taking place in Northern India during his time, where powerful monarchical systems were emerging, and the Buddha made his attempts to influence its development in a certain direction (The Pali Canon, Digha Nikaya presents some evidences to this).
... (read more)
2013-01-11In the article "Towards Perpetual Peace" Kant articulates several articles that would lead us to a state of peace. The third of the definitive articles is the article: Cosmopolitan Right shall be limited to Conditions of Universal Hospitality.
Kant states that "hospitality means the right of a stranger not to be treated with hostility when he arrives on someone else's territory"(PP).However, at the beginning of the part on the Three Definitive Principles of a Perpetual Peace, Kant argues that any one who is not under a civil constitution can be treated as a stranger, because his/her unlawful status is a "permanent threat" to me (PP). These two claims seem to contradict each other.
According to me there are two possibilities:
1) The right of a stranger only applies to strangers who are under a civil constitution, i.e. citizens of a state. This, however, already qualifies the stranger, and the stranger ceases to be a total stranger. In the treatment of the third article, Kant however does q ... (read more)
University of Central OklahomaCan anyone out there recommend a good historical study of the various strategies used throughout history to persuade the citizens of ancient (?) and modern societies to accept and use inconvertible fiat currencies?Latest replies:
- Stephen Frank Bigger, 2012-08-20 : Ferguson, The Ascent of Money
- Matthew Fisher, 2012-08-27 : jeffry frieden's "global capitalism"
- Mitchell Kaufman, 2012-08-27 : You may also find Murray Rothbard's "What Has the Government Done to our Money" useful in understanding th... (read more)
- Zeljko Ivankovic, 2012-08-28 : Glyn Davies, History of Money, a book of extraordinary quality http://www.amazon.com/History-Money-Ancient-Times-Present... (read more)
2012-06-09Juan José Lara
Universidad de MurciaI think that the main argument -and incidentally an appealing one- for capitalism is the idea that private property must be respected -as a moral imperative. That is, no one should take another's money (or what have you). Locke, for example, claimed that there are three natural rights: life, liberty, and property. And the champion of modern capitalism, M. Rothbard, also endorsed this view repeatedly. Furthermore, he took the property right to be entailed by the property right on one's own body:
Thus every man having a natural right to (or being proprietor of) his own person and his own actions and labor, which we call property, it certainly follows, that no man can have a right to the person or property of another: And if every man has a right to his person and property; he has also a right to defend them
--Introduction to The Ethics of Liberty
If a man has the right to the self ownership, to the control of his life, then in the real world he must also have the right to sustain his lif ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Scott Forschler, 2012-07-28 : Well, that's inconsistent with what you implied what you said "...the _'natural' system of property rig... (read more)
- Luke Dougherty, 2013-06-24 : Danny, you must have missed the part where he pointed out that all income gained is gained within a polity whose regulat... (read more)
- Danny Frederick, 2013-06-24 : I think my point was that regulation need not be government regulation. Non-government regulation preceded government re... (read more)
- Scott Forschler, 2013-06-24 : Hey Danny, go ahead and privatize the air, giving me the right to sue for invasion of my oxygen rights. I will the... (read more)
- Scott Forschler, 2013-06-24 : Actually, given the pattern of your past responses, I predict that you are most likely to say "what I meant/said wa... (read more)
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2012-01-23Richard Yetter Chappell
University of YorkFor anyone interested, I've blogged a couple of criticisms of this paper, here.
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