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1 - 20 / 38 2016-06-03Joseph Krenz
Portland State UniversityCan you share your opinion?
Birkbeck CollegeIf you have any thoughts, comments or questions about this paper, let me know!
2015-04-05Corey W. Dyck
University of Western Ontario
Martin Luther Universität Halle-Wittenberg
2015-02-01Terence Rajivan Edward
University of ManchesterI have noticed a small literature on Okin's objection to libertarianism. But I question whether this should be discussed under the heading of "Okin's objection". A very similar objection has been around for centuries by Robert Filmer, which the author briefly mentions but does not present. Filmer's objection is now discussed under the heading of the paradox of self-ownership.
It says that, given common knowledge, we cannot endorse both these propositions, which are essential to (standard?) libertarianism:
(1) Each person owns themselves.
(2) Each person owns the products of their labour.
According to Filmer, a person is the product of their parents' labour so they do not own themselves by (2).
Okin's version says that a person is the product of their mother's labour so they do not own themselves. (It seems she does not give a male parent even 0.000001% labour contribution.)
If the focus is mainly on whether a libertarian can say that individuals are self-owners, I feel it is unfair to discus ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Terence Rajivan Edward, 2015-02-04 : Um, a correction, the history is way more complicated than I thought. I looked at the sources and it seems that Robert F... (read more)
- Ian Stuart, 2015-03-09 : As a long-time Anarchist (or libertarian communist) I find the concept of ownership problematic enough without rai... (read more)
University of KentThis seems a simple mistake, and it should consequently be simple to rectify it.
In particular, since the bulk of the translation was done by G.E.M. Anscombe in 1958, and the front page of the fourth edition states "The German text, with an English translation by G.E.M. Anscombe, P.M.S. Hacker and Joachim Schulte", Anscombe should be appropriately credited.
State University of New York, Buffalo
JOHN CORCORAN AND HASSAN MASOUD, Three-logical-theories redux.
The 1969 paper, “Three logical theories” , considers three logical systems all based on the same interpreted language and having the same semantics.
The first, a logistic system LS, codifies tautologies (logical truths)—using tautological axioms and tautology-preserving rules that are not required to be consequence-preserving.
The second, a consequence system CS, codifies valid premise-conclusion arguments—using tautological axioms and consequence-preserving rules that are not required to be cogency-preserving . A rule is cogency-preserving if in every application the conclusion is known to follow from its premises if the premises are all known to follow from their premises.
The third, a deductive system DS, codifies deductions, or cogent argumentations —using cogency-preserving rules. The derivations in a DS represent deduction: the process by which conclusions are deduced from premises, i. e. the way knowl ... (read more)
State University of New York, Buffalo
JOHN CORCORAN, Two-method errors.
Where there are two or more methods for the same thing, sometimes errors occur if two are mixed. Two-method errors, TMEs, occur in technical contexts but they occur more frequently in non-technical writing. Examples of both are cited.
We can say “Abe knows whether Ben draws” in two other ways: ‘Abe knows whether or not Ben draws’ or ‘Abe knows whether Ben draws or not’. But a TME occurs in ‘Abe knows whether or not Ben draws or not’.
We can say “Abe knows how Ben looks” using ‘Abe knows what Ben looks like’. But a TME occurs in ‘Abe knows what Ben looks’ and also in ‘Abe knows how Ben looks like’. Again, we can deny that Abe knows Ben by prefixing ‘It isn’t that’ or by interpolating ‘doesn’t’. But a TME occurs in trying to deny that Abe knows Ben by using ‘It isn’t that Abe doesn’t know Ben’.
There are two standard ways of defining truth for first-order languages: using finite sequences or infinite sequences. Quine’s discussion in the 1970 first ... (read more)
Portland State University
The writing describes a new sort of individual, “a delude”. People like Hitler would well fit the description. He was mentally healthy, however overwhelmed by grossly deluded opinions.
Here is the description from the text:
"Even when a person is born possessing a healthy mental state, the familial and environmental assault during childhood with deluded opinions and behavior can be the basis for an individual to develop into a delude, an individual in a deluded mental state. In this writing, the label fool, or imbecile, is sometimes interchangeable with the underlying primary conditions of the delude. A fool is predisposed to accept deluded opinions as true; however, he or she can have an overall good awareness of social norms and laws that he or she learned to comply with. A fool is not, because of his mental condition alone, a villain. In contrast, the delude typically develops overwhelming extreme views. These views can be held as more important than any social or legal consideration ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Ian Stuart, 2015-01-21 : Absolutely.&However there are major issues here. I think, to paraphrase Foucault a little, the centre (norm, socia... (read more)
- Joseph Krenz, 2015-02-07 : Thanks for your response. During years, I gathered a bunch of notes on the unfortunate condition of human nature... (read more)
- Ian Stuart, 2015-02-17 : Dear Yoji Awesome. I think you are onto something. And it is something important in the contemporary world... (read more)
- "Tami" "Williams", 2016-06-21 : I'm a psychologist (dr of philosophy not dr in philosophy). I find Hitler, like some odd bohemian friends of... (read more)
University of TokyoAs I got the permission from the Society, now I upload the material.
University of TokyoBecause of Copyright, I am not yet in a position to upload this article. If you have any interest, feel free to contact me anytime. (Author)
2014-08-31Hi! I'm traying to translate a sentence from GA 28 (untranslated) and I need to contrast my interpretation with somebody elses.
The sentence goes like this:
Während aber die Art des Wissens nur ist, was sie sein kann, auf dem Grunde des eigenen Selbst, was selbst als das Sein bestimmt werden muß, wozu eine Offenbarkeit freilich gehört, die aber nur aus der spezifischen Seinsart des Daseins begriffen werden kann.
My version of this monstruosity would be the following (please note that the sentence is incomplete as there is no main clause, and that it has been copied literally from the book).
But while the kind of knowing only is what it can be on the ground of the own self, this itself, that is the own self, must be determined as Being, to which certainly a manifestness belongs, which it self can be understood however only from the specific mode of being of Dasein.
My biggest headache is "was selbst als das Sein bestimmt werden muß"
Is Heidegger saying
i. that the own self must be determined ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Wolfgang Wein, 2014-09-22 : Dear Andres,I try to convey how I interpret th"While, however, the type of knowledge is only, what it can be on the... (read more)
- Peter Ban, 2014-09-22 : This is the full quote: "Woher kommt es aber, dass diese Argumentation so selbstverständlich erscheint? Das e... (read more)
- Andres Thomas, 2014-09-22 : ASMBA provides veterans life insurance
- Jakob Schneider, 2014-09-22 : The mode of speech of Heidegger is realy monstruos. I have learned in the school that nobody begins a sentence with the... (read more)
- Stephen Langfur, 2014-09-29 : I think it helps to v "Woher kommt es aber, dass diese Argumentation so selbstverständlich erscheint? Das eigene Se... (read more)
- 3 more ..
Institute for Cultural and Intellectual History of Asia
Methodologically speaking, I wonder why Matilal and S's article has not been enough for further studies of this sort to be the rule on Mind (and other philosophical journals). Does this failure depend on their style? (Or should we just start working as a task-force and submit many articles of this kind?)Latest replies:
- Sigurd Vojnov, 2013-08-22 : Id like to read more_ in here_ about "the context principle". I tried your link but I couldnt get access.Meani... (read more)
- Elisa Freschi, 2013-08-22 : Thanks for the nice example, which highlights a lot about the pragmatics of speech-acts (even more, I would say, than ab... (read more)
- Sigurd Vojnov, 2013-09-10 : Try not restricting ideas by their versions;&Understand objects in "isolation" as constituted by their constit... (read more)
Institute for Cultural and Intellectual History of Asia
Can there be linguistics without ontology?
The context principle and some Indian controversies over Meaning is a milestone in Indian studies, and in the history of their interaction with mainstream (i.e. Western) philosophy. Since it was published in 1988 on Mind (one of the top-5 journals in Philosophy, inaccessible for most authors), virtually everyone (in Indian philosophy) has read it.
Have you also re-read it?
I re-read it after some years this Summer and I have to admit that it was again a surprise. The article starts with a discussion of the Context principle in Frege and Quine (does the principle mean that words HAVE no meaning outside a sentence, or that their meaning can only be UNDERSTOOD within a sentence?). In this connection, Matilal and Sen discuss a strong and a weak interpretation of the Context principle (according to whether it should answer the first or the second question). They end up saying that the strong interpretation clashes with Frege's later work (see belo ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Franson Manjali, 2013-08-22 : Interesting... We get back to this.
- Wayne G Smith, 2014-08-04 : I regret that I've just discovered this post: Is Derrida's (admittedly 'Western') deconstruction and his... (read more)
- Elisa Freschi, 2016-01-23 : sorry for noticing this reply just now! Matilal and Sen are rigorously analytical philosophers. In this sense, I would n... (read more)
Heritage of the Yoga Philosophy and Transcendental Phenomenology:
The Interlocution of Knowledge and Wisdom across Two Traditions of Philosophy
Department of Philosophy
Abstract Comparative philosophy has been subjected to much criticism in the latter half of the last century, though some of these criticisms were appropriate and justified. However, in our present cultural milieu, where traditions and culture transcend their geographical boundaries, seeping through the global network of views and ideas, it seems to be a legitimate enterprise to understand one’s own traditions and culture through the critical lens of the ‘other culture’. It is such cross-cultural understanding that paved the way towards legitimizing “human rights” as a universal discourse. So also, the discourse on “environmental ethics” has gained acceptance in a similar manner across cultures and traditions. The paper attempts at an understan ... (read more)
2012-11-20I am a reader of Asian Philosophy, and also involved in research and study of 'Asian Philosophy', the ' Vedic Philosophy. In this course, what surprises me is the 'term used 'Indian Philosophy'. Vedic Philsophy is neither an Indian Philosophy nor Nepali Philosophy, nor Bengali. In South Asia, there are otther countries with traditions based on Vedas, Nepal is one of them. In Bangladesh, there are Hindus who believe in this tradition. There are people following traditions in Burma, Thailand, Malayasia, Indonesia, Sri-Lanka and also Tibet, and most recently in many countirs. Ancient South Asia was a nation called India. India is known to be so called after East India Company occupation. In South Asia, there were nations like 'Beidhe' where King Janak ruled.
I therefore express my reservation on word called 'Indian' philosophy. Something, which is recently developed may called Indian philosophy. Mahatma Gandhi's ahimsa theory can be Indian Philosophy. But How people can put Bu ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Yubaraj Sangroula, 2013-01-11 : Constraints in placing the ancient traditions in 'proper name might be difficulty', but the solution that you of... (read more)
- Aarmin Banaji, 2013-01-11 : I try to address both of the two posts on t I agree that the term Indian is too chauvinistic in this context and make a... (read more)
- Yubaraj Sangroula, 2013-01-17 : Many people take it for granted that 'somebody was born in India or not'. Please refer to history. The subcontin... (read more)
- Prasanna Seshadri, 2016-05-24 : Shri. Yubaraj Sangroula, I accept your logic that the Vedas cannot be classified as Indian philosophy alone, since there... (read more)
- Yubaraj Sangroula, 2016-05-26 : Thanks for your comment. I do agree with you. The Vedic Philosophy is one of the root identity. My concern us the callin... (read more)
- 2 more ..
Can anyone please explain to me in simple terms what Derrida understand by the concept of "Scene" and what is it its realtion to the concept of authorship.
I'm truly sorry for not adding any further background to my quarry but I'm totally and completelly lost.
Thanks so much everyone!Latest replies:
- Karen Elizabeth Zoppa, 2013-01-11 : Thank you Francesco - locating Derrida on "writing" in "Pltao's Pharmacy"is a very good strategy... (read more)
- Karen Elizabeth Zoppa, 2013-01-11 : You ask the best question - for clarifying one of the chasms between so-called continental and analytical philosophy: &n... (read more)
- Derek Allan, 2013-01-11 : Hi Karen Thanks for your reply. I guess, in the end, we might have to agree to disagree since perhaps all this depends u... (read more)
- Juan Peréx, 2013-02-24 : Thank you so much everyone!! I really appreciate your thoughts on this matter. :) @Karen, thank you so much for your ans... (read more)
- Karen Elizabeth Zoppa, 2013-03-02 : I am not sure how to respond - except to say that I do not know if Derrida has appropriated the figure of "scene&qu... (read more)
- 4 more ..
Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityI don't think Heidegger is a conceptualist.Since,Heidegger believes,Being finds itself in a "world" already interpreted in someway and its grasp over its "world" is not something empirically given primordially Being is said to be interpretation all the way down.The modalities(What and How of the world) of our grasp over our world precedes any semantic conceptualization of such graspings.Hence
the basic or core purchase that we have of our world can not come in to total clarity with regard to their nature:whether they are conceptual or non conceptual.They,it seems,are more like practical know how(Verstehen) rather than conceptual know that.Latest replies:
- Lawrence Nannery, 2011-09-14 : I would like to add to the latest comment that of course Heidegger was influenenced by his teacher, Husserl. For e... (read more)
- Peter Dennis, 2012-03-12 : Hi Bijaya,&In case you're still working on this, I've written a short article on just this question. I cit... (read more)
- Virgilio Rivas, 2012-07-28 : If we mean conceptualist here as someone who views the function of concept as that which represents in its final unquest... (read more)
- Yubaraj Sangroula, 2012-11-20 : Zhou 's ideas provoked some thoughts in my mind. Without referring to anyone's opinion I have some proposition t... (read more)
- Yubaraj Sangroula, 2013-01-11 : In philosophy the grappling of opposing approaches, one making knowledge more tangible and intelligible, thus acce... (read more)
- 14 more ..
University of Toronto at Scarborough
University of TorontoThis is awesome. Tractatus power!Latest replies:
- Florence historienne du Dictionnaire et de l'Alphabet, 2016-02-22 : Very interesting information. I was not informed. These first elements provided leads me to widen the subject.
2010-08-06John R Tracy
Western Illinois University
I have not yet read the full version of Joseph's book, but I can tell this ties directly into my own theoretical perspectives involving assessment, learning, behavior, and consciousness. To me, as laid out in my Education PhD dissertation at Colorado State University (2005), the core essence of being (reality) is individual and collective consciousness interacting and interconnecting with consciousness at every level of existence (seen and unseen) as an ongoing here and now creative process." Thus, primary learning is intuitive and secondary learning is rational-objective.
Rational objective, is by my definition, fixtional thinking that allows one to "fix" or position relations "as if" they were separate and disconnected in a cause and effect relationship and in which they must of necessity substantiate existence "as if" it were true. It entails a sort of machine mentality of parts, in which the parts equals the whole and the whole is what the parts c ... (read more)
Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityNot withstanding their disparate temporal and socio-cultural context, both Sankara and Heidegger share a degree of commonality in thought and in their allegiance to their predecessors which is more than isomorphic in nature to escape attention.Sankara reaffirms his faith in Vedantic teachings and insists on doing philosophy in so far as it truely reflects the former's insights and intutions.Heidegger,similarly,is reputed to have traced his ontology to ancient philosophers such as
Hearclitus,Parmenides and, as some would say,even to Aristotle to find out the meaning of Being.Both are critical of any attempt to ontologise Being(Brahman, in case of Sankar)with categories and concepts derived from sources whose ontological merits are suspect.Intellect for Sankara is a rough equivalent of what Heidegger would say calculative thinking as opposed to mediative thinking.In this sense both find in logic-the rule of pure thought- a common enemy to be attacked and be rendered inadequate as it tric ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Bijaya Mahapatra, 2010-09-09 : Interesting to hear from you that,"I would have no objection for the hermeneutic standpoint in aesthetics for insta... (read more)
- Emmanuel Rens, 2010-09-12 : Phenomenological reduction is a kind of meditation, or say, a Yoga. It is because of this non conceptual basis that phen... (read more)
- Emmanuel Rens, 2010-09-25 : There is an (a)symmetry inherited from Kant between existential and epistemic levels in idealism, with a priority to the... (read more)
- Bijaya Mahapatra, 2011-05-11 : Sorry,Only a misreading of Heidegger could suggest that he corrupted phenomenological reduction.in a letter to Husserl H... (read more)
- Emmanuel Rens, 2011-05-19 : Corruption is perhaps too rough an accusation. However there is a misunderstanding in Heidegger's view of Epoche. Ho... (read more)
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