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1 - 20 / 39 2016-10-05Chenguang Lu
T(hj|ei)--fuzzy truth function of a predicate hj.
T(hj)--logical probability or average thue-value of a predicate hj.
Popper defined Testing severity and Verisimilitude (1963/2005, 526, 534). Since Logical Probability and Statistical Probability are not well distinguished by him, his definitions are not satisfactory. The author suggests defining log [1/T(hj)] as testing severity, and T(hj|ei)/T(hj) as verisimilitude. In terms of Likelihood method, P(ei| hi is true)/P(ei) =T(hj|ei)/T(hj) is also called standard likelihood. So, we may say Semantic information = log (Standard likelihood) = log (Verisimilitude)=Testing severity - Relative deviation
If negative verisimilitude for lies or wrong predictions is expected, one may also define verisimilitude by log [T(hj|ei)/T(hj)].
The figure 8 in the paper shows how positive and negative degrees of believe affect thruthlikeness.
Birkbeck CollegeIf you have any thoughts, comments or questions about this paper, let me know!Latest replies:
- Jonathan C. W. Edwards, 2016-04-16 : Dear Michael,What your paper appears to be exposing is that once one tries to analyse concepts such as freedom and agenc... (read more)
- Hachem El Ouggouti, 2016-05-24 : I have tried to read your text about inner freedom, but I have to admit that I gave up after a couple of pages. It sound... (read more)
University of GlasgowI have written a short paper on an issue that I have not come across before. In it I attempt to argue that light waves are an opaque barrier between the eye of the observer and the objective world. And, that light waves prevent direct knowledge of objects in the world. I would be grateful for criticism and responses. BertLatest replies:
- Albert Halliday, 2017-02-24 : Thanks, Eric. I'm not a religious person. Having said that, I think that my paper does make a point. It is true that... (read more)
- Eric Demaree, 2017-02-27 : I agree completely. We all only assume we perceive the objective world. We have faith (not religious faith) in our sense... (read more)
- Albert Halliday, 2017-03-03 : Yes, the - in this case - visual processing system is simply the mechanics. It interprets wavelength into the colour tha... (read more)
- Eric Demaree, 2017-03-06 : Yes, it is probably not the "real" world. However, it'll do for now--until we find something better.
- Albert Halliday, 2017-03-07 : There has always been doubt: whether we can have 'faith' in what we perceive as our only visual world. The hard... (read more)
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University College LondonWhat kind of academic inquiry can best help humanity make progress towards as good a world as possible? Why are philosophers apparently so uninterested in this question? Is it because most believe the kind of academic inquiry we have today, devoted primarily to the pursuit of knoweldge and technological know-how, is the best that we can have, judged from the perspective of helping humanity make progress towards a better world? Why are philosophers apparently so uninterested in arguments which seem to show decisively that inquiry restricted to the pursuit of knowledge is both profoundly irrational, and a menace? The successful pursuit of knowledge and technological know-how, dissociated from a more fundamental concern to help humanity resolve conflicts and problems of living in increasingly cooperatively rational ways, is almost bound to lead to trouble. Scientific knowledge and technological know-how enormously increase our power to act - for some of us at ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Derek Allan, 2016-10-20 : _Re: while life expectancy among Māori was 298 years old:' _ I'm assuming this is a typo, Ian? _RE: &q... (read more)
- Ian Stuart, 2016-10-21 : Yessss..There does need to be discussion about this, and in indigenous communities it is a group discussion. In ou... (read more)
- Ian Stuart, 2016-10-21 : Yes, a very bad typo... should be 28. Identical to the life expectancy of Paris at the time... Yes, most cul... (read more)
- John Hodgson, 2017-01-07 : _"The scientific approach to ethics, which many here have labelled Eugenics, works well within an Indigenous framew... (read more)
- Derek Allan, 2017-01-07 : Hi John RE: There currently seems a strong justification for the notion that humanity often doesn't know what is in... (read more)
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North Carolina State UniversityIf you come across this paper while researching philosophy of love, you should watch this: https://youtu.be/ykxNI137sPk
2015-02-19Kristin M. Mickelson
University of GothenburgIf you have any questions or comments on "The Zygote Argument is Invalid", I would enjoy discussing them on this thread!
University of KentThis seems a simple mistake, and it should consequently be simple to rectify it.
In particular, since the bulk of the translation was done by G.E.M. Anscombe in 1958, and the front page of the fourth edition states "The German text, with an English translation by G.E.M. Anscombe, P.M.S. Hacker and Joachim Schulte", Anscombe should be appropriately credited.
University of TokyoAs I got the permission from the Society, now I upload the material.
University of TokyoBecause of Copyright, I am not yet in a position to upload this article. If you have any interest, feel free to contact me anytime. (Author)
Philosophy of Time
The nature of time has had extensive attention in part down through the ages, such as Plato, St. Augustine, Pascal, Leonardo, Newton etc. For example, Newton considered time to flow uniformly, as if it were a separate manifold (1-surface) from the 3-surface of his mechanics described universe.‘Absolute, true, and mathematical time, of itself, and from its own nature, flows equably without relation to anything external…’ Newton’s Principia
For a 3-manifold, this would give a product space description M^3 x M^1, the simplest fiber bundle description. Hence such description would be universal; that is the same common time for throughout the universe. Subsequently, the relativistic model refers to time as the interval between events, wherein clocks are associated with respective observers. However an event such as the Big Bang, and concomitant Big Expansion of our manifold (i.e. 3-surface), does not have such a General Relativistic Theory description; nor is ‘initial’ 3-ex ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Daniel Davis, 2014-06-25 : Interesting reflections, Tm. Not as many folks write about time as some of the other topics. Am I correct in saying you... (read more)
- Tm Malm, 2016-01-22 : Thus in such modeling, would one have two concomitant renditions of an overall common cosmic time; the Hubble Expansion... (read more)
- Andrew Wutke, 2016-11-28 : I think that seeking for a common time as a kind of extended object is like looking for a Philosophical Stone. If anythi... (read more)
- Kent Palmer, 2017-01-23 : Academic Paper: Philosophy of Time and the film Arrival See https://www.academia.edu/30971512/Signs_of_an_Arrival... (read more)
University of Central Oklahoma
University of OklahomaAll comments are welcome!Latest replies:
- Jim Stone, 2013-08-08 : A note to say that I will get to this paper shortly. Thanks for posting, Jim
- Andrew Russo, 2013-08-09 : Thanks Jim. You're very kind to look at the paper again. Please feel no obligation.
- Jim Stone, 2013-08-09 : Some comments, very much tentative and for The writing in the first part is very good–simple, lucid, forceful. The paper... (read more)
- Andrew Russo, 2013-08-09 : These are great comments and quite helpful for focusing on getting the paper accepted by a journal. Thanks again f... (read more)
- Jim Stone, 2013-08-09 : Thanks for letting me read it, Jim
University of Central Oklahoma
University of OklahomaHere's the place to be critical! Anything that can help me develop this argument is much appreciated. This is something I develop a bit in my dissertation and the hope is to develop it more here and eventually have something worthy of publication.Latest replies:
- Jim Stone, 2013-06-23 : Here are some comments. Thanks for t 1. It will help your reader to say early on what nonreductive physicalism is, and w... (read more)
- John LeGore, 2013-06-24 : I just wanted to say first and foremost before I go any further that I am not a Professor of Philosophy nor have I ever... (read more)
- Andrew Russo, 2013-06-24 : First of all, thanks for taking the time to read my paper and provide me with comments. This is what I hoped would... (read more)
- Andrew Russo, 2013-06-24 : Thank you for reading my paper and commenting on it. Whatever comments you give, whether or not they are from some... (read more)
- Jim Stone, 2013-06-24 : Thanks for answering. The dialectic between us is for me now a little complicated. I follow this protocol in commenting... (read more)
2013-03-25Richard Y. Chappell
University of YorkFor anyone interested, I've written up a brief critique of this paper at Philosophy, et cetera.
2013-02-24You are definitely right in your skepticism about the possibility of the unification of many micro-consciousnesses into macro-consciousness. However, it is surprising for me that overhelming majority of philosophers ignore the possibility that human consciousness is among these micro-consciousnesses. In my paper http://philpapers.org/rec/ARGNCO I argue that even a single electron might contain the whole current human experience (without long- and mid-term memory). I suggest a hypothesis, where such electrons might be located in a real brain
2012-08-08Excellent paper first and foremost Mr. MacLeod! As I was reading your thoughts on plurality and the nature of the individual conscious, it made me think of the ideal of Solipsism. For those who don't know, Solipsism is defined as: The view or theory that the self is all that can be known to exist. Would you say that your case for a plurality of consciousness "immediately present." defeats the ideal of a Solipsistic Philosophy?Latest replies:
- Daniel Davis, 2012-08-11 : I haven't seen the paper you refer to by Mr. MacLeod but was interested in your explanation of solipsism "for t... (read more)
- John LeGore, 2012-08-12 : Forgive me, I merely meant anyone who was unfamiliar with the term and I got the straight to the dictionary definition... (read more)
- Daniel Davis, 2012-08-12 : I just meant, if Solipsism is true, there are no "others" with whom to discourse.
- John LeGore, 2012-08-19 : Ahhh, now I understand you Mr. Davis. For in Solipsism, my reality is the only true reality and anyone else is merely a... (read more)
- Peter G. Jones, 2013-01-11 : If solipsism was demonstrably absurd then it would be falsifiable. It is not absurd, but just difficult to wea... (read more)
2011-09-10Richard Y. Chappell
University of YorkI couldn't find Tim's email so am instead posting here a link to my critical discussion of his paper (which may also be of interest to other readers):
Moral Judgments, 2Dism, and Attitudinal Commitments.
2011-06-30David J. Saab
Pennsylvania State UniversityJust wondering if the irony of an article about the high quality of open science research being situated behind a pay wall was lost on anybody...
2011-04-18What is the role of memory in the dancing qualia scenario?
It strikes me that i cannot perform direct comparisons between my conscious experiences at different points in time - no more than i can directly compare my experiences to those of others.
In claiming that my experience of a red apple has remained the same "redness" over time, i must be comparing a perceptual experience *now* against the experience *now* of a memory of a previous experience.
The reductio asks us to imagine there being a difference in experience just due to differences in the material substrate of cognition. It seems plausible to me that when an experience is serialized while running on one substrate and deserialized while on another, the difference should go unnoticed. For example, the red experience of a neural system could be remembered as a blue experience when invoked on a silicon circuit, so that the comparison always succeeds.
Put differently, i wonder in what way the following scenario is not analogous to da ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Brian Crabb, 2011-05-01 : I think you might have a point.& As Joe is having his brain steadily replaced with silicon-based hardware, which_ e... (read more)
- Jeremy Awon, 2011-05-03 : In this view then (with apologies if i've misunderstood), - purely neural-Joe reports experiences for which he actua... (read more)
- Brian Crabb, 2011-05-04 : Hi Jeremy - What I am suggesting is an account of what I would expect to happen as Joe has his brain progressively '... (read more)
- Brian Crabb, 2011-05-04 : >>I think such means are in place, but as an uncontrived feature of substituting one system with another which pro... (read more)
Bulgarian Academy of SciencesRecently I started reading Ronald Giere's Scientific perspectivism but it turned out to be a demanding task: I became bogged in Chapter 2 and havent been able to go much farther. In a philosophy book one expects down to earth examples to bring some clarity about but here, rather the obverse, they turn out to be the problem.
Chapter 2 is entirely devoted to Color vision, which is presented in the first sentence (p.17) as "the best exemplar I know for the kind of perspectivism that characterizes modern science." And on the next page (18) we are told: "The fact that hues have a circular rather than linear structure means that there is no simple linear relationship between wavelength and color".
As I get it "circular structure" means that we percieve colors in a limited range and anything beyond is black.But should we say that a sound dissolving in low frequency rumble is at the same time an inaudible piercing screech? Our field of vision is also limited, so it might be ... (read more)
University of California, BerkeleyJames Fetzer’s recent article, “Evolution and atheism: Has Griffin reconciled science and religion?” (Synthese  178: 381-396) purports to offer a well-founded critique of David Ray Griffin’s philosophical arguments for “a version of theistic evolutionism that can do justice both to the facts that count in favor of evolution and those that count against the neo-Darwinian theory of it” (Griffin, 2000, p 243). Fetzer claims that Griffin’s detailed characterization of neo-Darwinism is inaccurate, “exemplifying the straw man fallacy, where an exaggerated version of a position is presented in order to knock it down” (p. 382). Fetzer not only makes strong claims for the inadequacy of Griffin’s work on evolutionary theory, but also asserts that Griffin has made fundamental errors of logic and argument and is not “morally justified” in holding the views he propounds. Fetzer’s article, however, fails to back up these claims.
Amazingly, Fetzer does not provide any evidence that he has actua ... (read more)Latest replies:
- Mohan Matthen, 2011-02-02 : I am sure that this is very useful to those who want to assess the quality of Fetzer's response to Griffin. But I ca... (read more)
- Tod Fletcher, 2011-02-03 : Thanks for your interest, and for an excellent suggestion. I will write and post a succinct precis of Griffin's natu... (read more)
- Tod Fletcher, 2011-08-19 : _Philosophical Problems of Neo-Darwinism_ In Chapter 8 of his book Religion and Scientific Naturalism: Overcoming... (read more)
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