About this topic
Summary This category includes work on a wide variety of British philosophers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It excludes those figures covered in other categories within '17th/18th Century British Philosophy'. But it includes many others, such as Samuel Clarke, Richard Price, James Beattie, Damaris Masham and Lady Mary Shepherd.
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2405 found
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1 — 50 / 2405
  1. added 2020-05-04
    Philosophy as a Feminist Spirituality and Critical Practice for Mary Astell.Simone Webb - 2020 - Metaphilosophy 51 (2-3):280-302.
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  2. added 2020-05-04
    Kenelm Digby on Quantity as Divisibility.Martine Pécharman - 2020 - Vivarium 58 (3):191-218.
    Kenelm Digby’s Two Treatises, of the Nature of Bodies and of the Nature of Mans Soule defends quite an idiosyncratic approach to mind-body dualism. In his use of the divisibility argument to prove that the human soul cannot be a material substance, Digby takes an uncompromising stand for merely potential material parts. In his Treatise of Bodies the present article focuses on the mode of construction of the definition of quantity as divisibility and on its links to two distinct fundamental (...)
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  3. added 2020-04-24
    ‘I Am Greatly Obliged to the Dutch’: James Beattie's Dutch Connection.Joost Hengstmengel - 2020 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 18 (1):67-90.
    In the second half of the 18th century, Scottish Enlightenment philosophy spread to the Dutch Republic, where it found a favourable reception. The most popular Scottish philosopher among Dutch intellectuals arguably was James Beattie of Aberdeen. Almost all of his prose works were translated into Dutch, and the Zeeland Society of Sciences elected him a foreign honorary member. It made Beattie remark that he was ‘greatly obliged to the Dutch’, and a Dutch learned journal that he had ‘in a sense (...)
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  4. added 2020-04-24
    Living Philosophy: Self-Revelation and Damaris Masham's Philosophical Autobiography.Simone Webb - 2020 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 34 (1):30-48.
    Damaris Masham’s letters to John Locke can be fruitfully read as a form of philosophical autobiography. By reading them in this way, neglected aspects of Masham’s philosophy of sociability and the self’s relationship to the world can be brought to light. My first section introduces Masham and the letters, suggesting that generic interpretation has been an obstacle to their reception. Second, I argue that they are autobiographical. Third, I argue that they can be considered as philosophical autobiography. To demonstrate this, (...)
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  5. added 2020-04-24
    Patriarcha, Written by Filmer, Robert.Peter Nitschke - 2020 - Hobbes Studies 33 (1):85-87.
  6. added 2020-04-24
    Charles Bradford Bow (Ed.), Common Sense in the Scottish Enlightenment.Max Skjönsberg - 2020 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 18 (1):113-116.
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  7. added 2020-04-24
    Commerce and Manners in Edmund Burke's Political Economy.Gregory M. Collins - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    Although many of Edmund Burke's speeches and writings contain prominent economic dimensions, his economic thought seldom receives the attention it warrants. Commerce and Manners in Edmund Burke's Political Economy stands as the most comprehensive study to date of this fascinating subject. In addition to providing rigorous textual analysis, Collins unearths previously unpublished manuscripts and employs empirical data to paint a rich historical and theoretical context for Burke's economic beliefs. Collins integrates Burke's reflections on trade, taxation, and revenue within his understanding (...)
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  8. added 2020-04-24
    Edmund Burke’s Politics of Sympathy: Tolerance and Solidarity for India.Christos Grigoriou - 2019 - Philosophical Journal of Conflict and Violence 3 (2).
    The article focuses on Burke’s engagement with India and the Impeachment of Warren Hastings. It attempts to trace the way in which Burke, in his rhetoric on India, uses the sentimentalist vocabulary of the Scottish Enlightenment and, more particularly, the concept of sympathy. Burke, it is suggested, passes from a Humean to a Smithian understanding of sympathy, giving however, at every stage of this development, his own turn and character to the concept. Overall, Burke’s writings on India reveal quite advanced (...)
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  9. added 2020-04-24
    Italian Renaissance Love Theory and the General Scholar in the Seventeenth Century.Stephen Clucas - 2016 - In Gianni Paganini & Cecilia Muratori (eds.), Early Modern Philosophers and the Renaissance Legacy. Springer Verlag.
    This essay considers the uses made of Renaissance love theory by the seventeenth-century English scholar Robert Burton in his Anatomy of Melancholy. It is argued that Burton’s approach is that of a ‘general scholar’, and a close examination of his sources reveal that he made use not only of the primary texts of Renaissance love theory such as the works of Marsilio Ficino and Leone Ebreo, but also the compendious works of later scholars working in medicine and law, as well (...)
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  10. added 2020-04-10
    Joseph Priestley and the Argument From Design.Alan Tapper - 2020 - Intellectual History Review 30 (1):65-85.
    Although Joseph Priestley was notorious for rejecting much of orthodox Christianity and replacing it with a materialistic Unitarianism, in another respect he was an orthodox theist of his time in that he passionately upheld the Argument from Design. The Argument from Design was the heart of his “rational religion”. He contended that natural order, especially biological order, could only be successfully explained by intentional agency. At the time, however, the Argument was coming under attack, first from David Hume, then from (...)
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  11. added 2020-03-21
    Samuel Clarke.Richard Brian Davis - forthcoming - In Christian Apologists and Their Critics. Hoboken, NJ, USA:
    Clarke, Samuel (1675-1729) British theologian and philosopher. Widely regarded as the leading metaphysician in Britain after the death of John Locke (1632-1704) (Vailati 1998, p. xxxiv), Clarke’s most important apologetic contributions are contained in his Boyle Lectures (delivered in 1704 and 1705).
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  12. added 2020-03-21
    Two Routes to Idealism: Collier and Berkeley.David Bartha - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-23.
    In this paper, I raise and analyze two rarely discussed stories about the development of idealism in early modernity. I seek to show that Arthur Collier reaches the conclusion that the mind-indepen...
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  13. added 2020-03-21
    Between Kepler and Newton: Hooke’s ‘Principles of Congruity and Incongruity’ and the Naturalization of Mathematics.Cindy Hodoba Eric & Ofer Gal - 2019 - Annals of Science 76 (3-4):241-266.
    ABSTRACTRobert Hooke’s development of the theory of matter-as-vibration provides coherence to a career in natural philosophy which is commonly perceived as scattered and haphazard. It also highlights aspects of his work for which he is rarely credited: besides the creative speculative imagination and practical-instrumental ingenuity for which he is known, it displays lucid and consistent theoretical thought and mathematical skills. Most generally and importantly, however, Hooke’s ‘Principles … of Congruity and Incongruity of bodies’ represent a uniquely powerful approach to the (...)
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  14. added 2020-03-20
    L'action à distance dans la correspondance d'Isaac Newton avec Richard Bentley et les questions d'Opticks.Nicolae Sfetcu - manuscript
    Dans sa correspondance avec Richard Bentley, Newton a rejeté la possibilité d'une action à distance, bien qu'il l'ait acceptée en Principia. L’environnement introduit par Newton à la question 21 d'Opticks se compose d’une part de corps matériels extrêmement petits, séparés dans l’espace, et d’un principe actif non mécanique produisant et médiatisant les forces de répulsion entre ces corps. À la question 28, il a clairement fait valoir qu'un environnement mécanique devrait être rejeté. L'éther traverse les corps, il est donc sans (...)
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  15. added 2020-03-20
    Thomas White on Location and the Ontological Status of Accidents.Han Thomas Adriaenssen - forthcoming - Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy.
    The work of Thomas White represents a systematic attempt to combine the best of the new science of the seventeenth century with the best of Aristotelian tradition. This attempt earned him the criticism of Hobbes and the praise of Leibniz, but today, most of his attempts to navigate between traditions remain to be explored in detail. This paper does so for his ontology of accidents. It argues that his criticism of accidents in the category of location as entities over and (...)
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  16. added 2020-03-20
    Henry More - Enchiridion Metaphysicum - Manuel de métaphysique : ou une dissertation courte et claire sur les substances incorporelles.Francoise Monnoyeur - 2020 - Paris: Les Belles Lettres.
    Henry More est le plus connu des Platoniciens de Cambridge et l’Enchiridion Metaphysicum, son dernier ouvrage, représente l’accomplissement de sa pensée. Il s’agit d’une enquête métaphysique dont le principal objectif est d’établir l’existence d’une substance immatérielle, d’une âme du monde, sorte d’intermédiaire entre Dieu et le monde par laquelle les choses agissent. More nous invite ainsi à découvrir la vraie métaphysique qui consiste en la découverte de la nature véritable de l’étendue des êtres spirituels comme Dieu, les anges et les (...)
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  17. added 2020-02-11
    The Dark Abyss of Time: The History of the Earth and the History of Nations From Hooke to Vico. Paolo Rossi, Lydia Cochrane.Rachel Laudan - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):644-645.
  18. added 2020-02-04
    Isaac Newton vs Robert Hooke sur la loi de la gravitation universelle.Nicolae Sfetcu - manuscript
    L'une des controverses les disputées sur la priorité des découvertes scientifiques est celle de la loi de la gravitation universelle, entre Isaac Newton et Robert Hooke. Hooke a accusé Newton de plagiat, de reprendre ses idées exprimées dans des travaux antérieurs. J'essaie de montrer, sur la base d'une analyse précédente, que tous les deux scientifiques avaient tort: Robert Hooke parce que sa théorie n'était fondamentalement que des idées qui ne se seraient jamais matérialisées sans l'appui mathématique d'Isaac Newton; et ce (...)
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  19. added 2020-02-04
    La controverse Newton-Hooke dans l'opinion des scientifiques contemporains.Nicolae Sfetcu - manuscript
    Une présentation de la monographie de 1674 de Hooke présentant l'idée de la gravitation universelle est apparue dans Philosophical Transactions de 1674, et puis plusieurs lettres contenant des observations, dont celle de Huygens. Mais évidemment, après la publication du Principia en 1687, la priorité de Hooke dans la proposition de la gravitation universelle a été oubliée. Après avoir entendu parler de la demande de Hooke de reconnaître sa priorité, Newton a supprimé les nombreuses références à Hooke dans Principia. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.27734.40009.
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  20. added 2020-02-04
    Burke's Enlightenment: Commerce, Virtue, and Civilization.Gregory M. Collins - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    Although many of Edmund Burke's speeches and writings contain prominent economic dimensions, his economic thought seldom receives the attention it warrants. Commerce and Manners in Edmund Burke's Political Economy stands as the most comprehensive study to date of this fascinating subject. In addition to providing rigorous textual analysis, Collins unearths previously unpublished manuscripts and employs empirical data to paint a rich historical and theoretical context for Burke's economic beliefs. Collins integrates Burke's reflections on trade, taxation, and revenue within his understanding (...)
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  21. added 2020-02-04
    Mary Astell on Bad Custom and Epistemic Injustice.Allauren Samantha Forbes - 2019 - Hypatia 34 (4):777-801.
    Mary Astell is a fascinating seventeenth‐century figure whose work admits of many interpretations. One feature of her work that has received little attention is her focus on bad custom. This is surprising; Astell clearly regards bad custom as exerting a kind of epistemic power over agents, particularly women, in a way that limits their intellectual capacities. This article aims to link two contemporary sociopolitical/social‐epistemological projects by showing how a seventeenth‐century thinker anticipated these projects. Astell's account of bad custom shows that (...)
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  22. added 2020-02-04
    Kant and the Scottish Enlightenment Ed. By Elizabeth Robinson and Chris W. Suprenant.Peter Thielke - 2019 - Hume Studies 42 (1):252-254.
    Given Kant's seemingly dismissive attitude toward Scottish philosophers of common sense—in the Prolegomena, he famously describes how painful it is to see them miss Hume's point—one might expect that a book titled Kant and the Scottish Enlightenment would be a rather slim volume. However, as Manfred Kuehn in Scottish Common Sense in Germany and elsewhere has made abundantly clear, Scottish philosophy played a large role in eighteenth-century Germany, and was a significant influence on Kant. The present volume, which stands as (...)
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  23. added 2020-02-04
    By Analogy to the Element of the Stars: The Divine in Jean Fernel's and William Harvey's Theories of Generation.Xiaona Wang - 2019 - Intellectual History Review 29 (3):371-387.
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  24. added 2020-02-04
    ‘Heads Cast in Metaphysical Moulds’ Damaris Masham on the Method and Nature of Metaphysics.Marcy P. Lascano - 2018 - In Emily Thomas (ed.), Early Modern Women on Metaphysics. Cambridge, UK: pp. 9-27.
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  25. added 2020-02-04
    The Kingdom of Freedom in the Garden of God: Ferguson's Postulates of Moral Action.Zisai Lin & Eugene Heath - 2018 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 16 (2):105-123.
    Similar to Immanuel Kant, Adam Ferguson links freedom of the will, the existence of God, and immortality to the possibility of moral conduct. We explore these three dimensions of Ferguson's thought across several of his works. Ferguson's account of these postulates of morality not only anticipates Kant but incorporates a religious sensibility that manifests an appeal to nature rather than scripture.
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  26. added 2020-02-04
    The Sources of Secularism: Enlightenment and Beyond.Anna Tomaszewska & Hasse Hämäläinen (eds.) - 2017 - New York, NY, USA: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book examines the importance of the Enlightenment for understanding the secular outlook of contemporary Western societies. It shows the new ways of thinking about religion that emerged during the 17th and 18th centuries and have had a great impact on how we address problems related to religion in the public sphere today. Based on the assumption that political concepts are rooted in historical realities, this collection combines the perspective of political philosophy with the perspective of the history of ideas. (...)
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  27. added 2020-02-04
    Margaret Cavendish contre Robert Hooke : Le duel impossible.Frédérique Aït-Touati - 2016 - Revue de Synthèse 137 (3):247-269.
    En 1665, Robert Hooke fait paraître son grand ouvrage de microscopie, Micrographia, véritable défense et illustration de la philosophie expérimentale. L’année suivante, Margaret Cavendish, duchesse de Newcastle, publie à compte d’auteur un traité et un roman qui attaquent les fondements mêmes de cette science nouvelle. La dispute qui s’engage à l’initiative de la duchesse s’inscrit dans le contexte d’une plus vaste controverse sur la légitimité et l’efficacité des instruments optiques en philosophie naturelle. Toutes les figures de la controverse scientifique y (...)
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  28. added 2020-02-04
    Between Descartes and Berkeley: A Forgotten Chapter in the History of the British Early-Modern Philosophy.Bartosz Żukowski - 2015 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 63 (1):101-115.
    The aim of this paper is to suggest how the internal logic and dynamics of the development of Cartesian philosophy can be reconstructed by means of the historical-theoretical analysis of one of the most forgotten lines of reception of Cartesianism, leading through the philosophy of British thinkers minorum gentium: Arthur Collier, John Norris, Richard Burthogge etc. Such analysis of the particular stages of the evolution of post-Cartesian thought – within one intellectual-cultural context, makes it possible to situate Berkeley’s system (considered (...)
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  29. added 2020-02-04
    Między Kartezjuszem a Berkeleyem. Zapomniany rozdział z dziejów brytyjskiej filozofii wczesnonowożytnej.Bartosz Żukowski - 2015 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 63 (1):101-115.
    The aim of this paper is to suggest how the internal logic and dynamics of the development of Cartesian philosophy can be reconstructed by means of the historical-theoretical analysis of one of the most forgotten lines of reception of Cartesianism, leading through the philosophy of British thinkers minorum gentium: Arthur Collier, John Norris, Richard Burthogge etc. Such analysis of the particular stages of the evolution of post-Cartesian thought – within one intellectual-cultural context, makes it possible to situate Berkeley’s system (considered (...)
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  30. added 2020-02-04
    Virtue, Liberty, and Toleration: Political Ideas of European Women, 1400-1800.Jacqueline Broad & Karen Green (eds.) - 2007 - Springer.
    This volume challenges the view that women have not contributed to the historical development of political ideas, and highlights the depth and complexity of women’s political thought in the centuries prior to the French Revolution. -/- From the late medieval period to the enlightenment, a significant number of European women wrote works dealing with themes of political significance. The essays in this collection examine their writings with particular reference to the ideas of virtue, liberty, and toleration. The figures discussed include (...)
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  31. added 2020-02-04
    The Discovery of Wonders: Reading Between the Lines of John Wallis's Arithmetica Infinitorum.Jacqueline A. Stedall - 2001 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 56 (1):1-28.
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  32. added 2019-12-27
    Malthus, Thomas Robert (1766-1834).Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2013 - In James E. Crimmins (ed.), The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Utilitarianism. London & New York: Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 324-326.
    A discussion of Malthusian mythology yielding the classification as a 'theological utilitarian' followed by a revision of 18th Anglican moral theology re-described in terms of consequentialist voluntarism and an interpretation of Malthus's view on morality, population and political economics.
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  33. added 2019-12-02
    Peter Browne on the Metaphysics of Knowledge.Kenneth L. Pearce - forthcoming - In Kenneth L. Pearce & Takaharu Oda (eds.), Irish Philosophy in the Age of Berkeley. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    The central unifying element in the philosophy of Peter Browne (d. 1735) is his theory of analogy. Although Browne's theory was originally developed to deal with some problems about religious language, Browne regards analogy as a general purpose cognitive mechanism whereby we substitute an idea we have to stand for an object of which we, strictly speaking, have no idea. According to Browne, all of our ideas are ideas of sense, and ideas of sense are ideas of material things. Hence (...)
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  34. added 2019-12-02
    Will and Motivation.Samuel C. Rickless - 2013 - In Peter R. Anstey (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 393-414.
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  35. added 2019-11-15
    Margaret Cavendish.Deborah Boyle - 2013 - The Philosophers' Magazine 60 (-1):63-65.
  36. added 2019-11-13
    Protestantism and Liberty: Catharine Macaulay’s Politics of Religion as a Response to David Hume.Lucy Littlefield - forthcoming - Intellectual History Review:1-20.
  37. added 2019-11-13
    Catharine Macaulay's Influence on Mary Wollstonecraft.Alan M. S. J. Coffee - 2019 - In Sandrine Berges, Eileen Hunt Botting & Alan M. S. J. Coffee (eds.), The Wollstonecraftian Mind. London: pp. 198-210.
    Although they were never to meet and corresponded only briefly, Catharine Macaulay and Mary Wollstonecraft shared a mutual admiration and a strong intellectual bond. Macaulay’s work had a profound and lasting effect on Wollstonecraft, and she developed and expanded on many of Macaulay’s ideas. While she often took these in a different direction, there remains a great synergy between their ideas to the extent that we can understand Wollstonecraft’s own feminist arguments by approaching them through the frameworks and ideas that (...)
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  38. added 2019-11-13
    Craig Smith, Adam Ferguson and the Idea of Civil Society: Moral Science in the Scottish Enlightenment.Robin J. W. Mills - 2019 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 17 (3):252-256.
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  39. added 2019-11-13
    Early Modern Women on the Cosmological Argument: A Case Study in Feminist History of Philosophy.Marcy P. Lascano - 2019 - In Eileen O'Neill & Marcy P. Lascano (eds.), Feminist History of Philosophy: The Recovery and Evaluation of Women’s Philosophical Thought. Springer, NM 87747, USA: pp. 23-47.
    This chapter discusses methodology in feminist history of philosophy and shows that women philosophers made interesting and original contributions to the debates concerning the cosmological argument. I set forth and examine the arguments of Mary Astell, Damaris Masham, Catherine Trotter Cockburn, Emilie Du Châtelet, and Mary Shepherd, and discuss their involvement with philosophical issues and debates surrounding the cosmological argument. I argue that their contributions are original, philosophically interesting, and result from participation in the ongoing debates and controversies about the (...)
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  40. added 2019-11-13
    Clarke's Rejection of Superadded Gravity in the Clarke-Collins Correspondence.L. B. Wolf - 2019 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 36 (3):237-255.
    In the past, experts have disagreed about whether Samuel Clarke accepted the idea that gravity is a power superadded to matter by God. Most scholars now agree that Clarke did not support superaddition. But the argumentation employed by Clarke to reject superaddition has not been studied before in detail. In this paper, I explicate Clarke's argumentation by relating it to an important discussion about the possibility of superadded gravity in the Clarke-Collins correspondence. I examine Clarke's responses to Collins and draw (...)
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  41. added 2019-11-13
    On the Ancestry of Reid's Inquiry: Stewart, Fearn, and Reid's Early Manuscripts.Giovanni B. Grandi - 2018 - In Charles Bradford Bow (ed.), Common Sense in the Scottish Enlightenment. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 77-106.
    Reid’s rejection of the “theory of ideas” implies that sensations are not copies of external qualities such as extension and figure. Reid also says that not even the order of sensations is spatial. However, in his early manuscripts Reid did not deny that sensations are arranged spatially. He simply denied that our ideas of extension and figure are copied from any single atomic sensation. Only subsequently did Reid explicitly reject the view that sensations are arranged spatially. The question of the (...)
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  42. added 2019-11-13
    Francis Hutcheson and John Clarke: Self-Interest, Desire, and Divine Impassibility.John J. Tilley - 2017 - International Philosophical Quarterly 57 (3):315-330.
    In this article I address a puzzle about one of Francis Hutcheson’s objections to psychological egoism. The puzzle concerns his premise that God receives no benefit from rewarding the virtuous. Why, in the early editions of his Inquiry Concerning Virtue, does Hutcheson leave this premise undefended? And why, in the later editions, does he continue to do so, knowing that in 1726 John Clarke of Hull had subjected the premise to plausible criticism, geared to the very audience for whom Hutcheson’s (...)
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  43. added 2019-10-03
    Selfhood and Self-Government in Women’s Religious Writings of the Early Modern Period.Jacqueline Broad - 2019 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 27 (5):713-730.
    ABSTRACTSome scholars have identified a puzzle in the writings of Mary Astell, a deeply religious feminist thinker of the early modern period. On the one hand, Astell strongly urges her...
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  44. added 2019-08-30
    On Some Footnotes to Catharine Trotter Cockburn’s Defence of the Essay Of Human Understanding.Karen Green - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (4):824-841.
    ABSTRACTTwo footnotes added to the version of Catharine Cockburn’s Defence of the Essay Of Human Understanding reprinted in her Works have led to various accusations, including that s...
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  45. added 2019-07-18
    Isaac Newton Vs. Robert Hooke on the Law of Universal Gravitation.Nicolae Sfetcu - manuscript
    One of the most disputed controversy over the priority of scientific discoveries is that of the law of universal gravitation, between Isaac Newton and Robert Hooke. Hooke accused Newton of plagiarism, of taking over his ideas expressed in previous works. In this paper I try to show, on the basis of previous analysis, that both scientists were wrong: Robert Hooke because his theory was basically only ideas that would never have materialized without Isaac Newton's mathematical support; and the latter was (...)
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  46. added 2019-07-18
    Locke and William Molyneux.Ruth Boeker - forthcoming - In Jessica Gordon-Roth & Shelley Weinberg (eds.), The Lockean Mind. Routledge.
    William Molyneux (1656–1698) was an Irish experimental philosopher and politician, who played a major role in the intellectual life in seventeenth-century Dublin. He became Locke’s friend and correspondent in 1692 and was probably Locke’s philosophically most significant correspondent. Locke approached Molyneux for advice for revising his Essay concerning Human Understanding as he was preparing the second and subsequent editions. Locke made several changes in response to Molyneux’s suggestions; they include major revisions of the chapter ‘Of Power’ (2.21), the addition of (...)
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  47. added 2019-07-18
    Niall O'Flaherty, Utilitarianism in the Age of Enlightenment: The Moral and Political Thought of William Paley , Pp. Viii + 339.Max Skjönsberg - 2019 - Utilitas 31 (3):356-359.
  48. added 2019-07-18
    “Since All the World is Mad, Why Should Not I Be So?” Mary Astell on Equality, Hierarchy, and Ambition.Teresa M. Bejan - 2019 - Political Theory 47 (6):781-808.
    Ever since Mary Astell was introduced as the “First English Feminist” in 1986, scholars have been perplexed by her dual commitments to natural equality and social, political, and ecclesiastical hierarchy. But any supposed “paradox” in her thought is the product of a modernist conceit that treats equality and hierarchy as antonyms, assuming the former must be prior, normative, and hostile to the latter. Seeing this, two other crucial features of Astell’s thought emerge: her ethics of ascent and her psychology of (...)
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  49. added 2019-07-18
    Common Sense in the Scottish Enlightenment Ed. By Charles Bradford Bow.Jenny Keefe - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (3):560-561.
    This excellent collection of essays on Scottish common sense philosophy arose from the 2014 annual conference for the British Society for the History of Philosophy at The University of Edinburgh. It explores how common sense philosophy emerged during the eighteenth century in response to the ‘Ideal Theory.’ The selected chapters are complementary, offering insight into the philosophical and historical importance of common sense philosophy as well as underlining the breadth of research in the history of Scottish Philosophy.The collection begins and (...)
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  50. added 2019-07-18
    Joseph Priestley on Metaphysics and Politics: Jonathan Israel's ‘Radical Enlightenment’ Reconsidered.Evangelos Sakkas - 2019 - History of European Ideas 45 (1):104-116.
    ABSTRACTThis article probes Jonathan Israel’s theory about ‘Radical Enlightenment’ inaugurating political modernity by way of explicating the thought of Joseph Priestley. In Israel’s view, despite the inconsistencies plaguing Socinian thought, Priestley, a monist, emerged as an ardent supporter of religious toleration and democratic republicanism. This article seeks to restore the fundamental coherence of Priestley’s theological and metaphysical views, arguing that they were produced as parts of a system founded on the simultaneous adherence to providentialism and necessitarianism. Prized as a prerequisite (...)
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