This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories

160 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 160
  1. added 2018-12-31
    The Philosophes’ Criticism of Religion and D’Holbach’s Non-Hedonistic Materialism.Hasse Hämäläinen - 2017 - Diametros 54:56-75.
    Baron d’Holbach was a critic of established religion, or a philosophe, in late 18 th -century France. His work is often perceived as less inventive than the work of other materialist philosophes, such as Helvétius and Diderot. However, I claim that d’Holbach makes an original, unjustly overlooked move in the criticism of religious moral teaching. According to the materialist philosophes, this teaching claims that true happiness is only possible in the afterlife. As an alternative, Helvétius and Diderot offer theories according (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. added 2018-12-31
    Enlightenment and Secularism. Foreword From the Guest Editor.Anna Tomaszewska - 2017 - Diametros 54:1-6.
  3. added 2018-09-17
    Transfert d’auctoritates du sémantique à l’indiciaire au XVII e siècle : Gassendi et Hobbes.Hélène Leblanc - 2018 - Cygne Noir 6.
    L’histoire de la pensée sémiotique se caractérise par une oscillation entre définition large et définition étroite de son objet. Au Moyen Âge, la définition augustinienne du signe est jugée trop étroite, car elle ne concerne que le signe sensible. De nouvelles définitions tentent alors de faire des concepts des signes qui renvoient aux choses. L’Âge moderne, au contraire, affirme une volonté de rétrécissement à l’égard de la notion de signe. Cet article montrera les caractéristiques d’une telle réflexion sémiotique à travers (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. added 2018-07-23
    L'impact de la philosophie écossaise sur la dialectique enseignée à Genève: un cours latin inédit (1793-1794) de Pierre Prevost.Daniel Schulthess - 1997 - In Denis Knoepfler (ed.), Nomen latinum: Mélanges offerts à André Schneider, Neuchâtel, Faculté des lettres. Genève: Droz. pp. 383-390.
    The article is about a course of dialectic in Latin language that Pierre Prevost (1751-1839) had prepared for the use of the students of the Académie de Genève. This document testifies to the reception of the Scottish philosophy, especially of Reid, by Prevost. On the model of the Logique de Port-Royal the course is articulated in a part on the art of exposing truths already reached (the dialectic properly speaking: ideas, judgements, reasoning) and in a part on the discovery of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. added 2018-03-05
    Cartesian Privations: How Pierre-Sylvain Regis Used Material Causation to Provide a Cartesian Account of Sin.Joseph Anderson - 2016 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 5 (2):81-100.
    Descartes’s very brief explanations of human responsibility for sin and divine innocence of sin include references to the idea that evil is a privation rather than a real thing. It is not obvious, though, that privation fits naturally in Descartes’s reductionistic metaphysics, nor is it clear precisely what role his privation doctrine plays in his theodicy. These issues are made clear by contrasting Descartes’s use of privations with that of Suarez, particularly in light of reoccurring objections to privation theory. These (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. added 2018-02-19
    Epicureans and Atheists in France, 1650–1729.Alan Charles Kors - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Atheism was the most foundational challenge to early-modern French certainties. Theologians and philosophers labelled such atheism as absurd, confident that neither the fact nor behaviour of nature was explicable without reference to God. The alternative was a categorical naturalism, whose most extreme form was Epicureanism. The dynamics of the Christian learned world, however, which this book explains, allowed the wide dissemination of the Epicurean argument. By the end of the seventeenth century, atheism achieved real voice and life. This book examines (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. added 2018-02-19
    The Order of Enlightenment: Epicureanism, Desire, and the Critical Imperative in Eighteenth-Century France.Natania Meeker - 2000 - Dissertation, Duke University
    Although the French Enlightenment has long been viewed as establishing the very conditions that make modernity imaginable, criticism possible, and reason fundamental, I seek to understand this "Enlightenment project" as existing alongside other philosophical eventualities---other narratives and histories of reason. This dissertation is primarily concerned with that most maligned of materialisms---Epicureanism---and the means by which eighteenth-century French Epicurean writers sought to represent, in both literature and philosophy, a natural world and an intellectual project that existed in dramatic conflict with what (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. added 2018-02-17
    The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge. Embodied Empiricism in Early Modern Science.Charles T. Wolfe & Ofer Gal (eds.) - 2010 - Springer.
  9. added 2018-02-17
    Pierre Gassendi and the Birth of Early Modern Philosophy.Antonia LoLordo - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers a comprehensive treatment of the philosophical system of the seventeenth-century philosopher Pierre Gassendi. Gassendi's importance is widely recognized and is essential for understanding early modern philosophers and scientists such as Locke, Leibniz and Newton. Offering a systematic overview of his contributions, LoLordo situates Gassendi's views within the context of sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century natural philosophy as represented by a variety of intellectual traditions, including scholastic Aristotelianism, Renaissance Neo-Platonism, and the emerging mechanical philosophy. LoLordo's work will be essential (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  10. added 2018-02-17
    Women Philosophers of the Seventeenth Century.Jacqueline Broad - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this rich and detailed study of early modern women's thought, Jacqueline Broad explores the complexity of women's responses to Cartesian philosophy and its intellectual legacy in England and Europe. She examines the work of thinkers such as Mary Astell, Elisabeth of Bohemia, Margaret Cavendish, Anne Conway and Damaris Masham, who were active participants in the intellectual life of their time and were also the respected colleagues of philosophers such as Descartes, Leibniz and Locke. She also illuminates the continuities between (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  11. added 2018-01-10
    Emilie du Châtelet Between Leibniz and Newton.Dr Ruth Hagengruber (ed.) - 2012 - Dordrecht: Springer.
  12. added 2018-01-10
    Ruth Hagengruber, Ed. , Emilie du Châtelet Between Newton and Leibniz . Reviewed By.Stephen Gaukroger - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (4):273-274.
  13. added 2018-01-08
    Descartes and the First Cartesians by Roger Ariew. [REVIEW]John Grey - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (1):167-168.
    The title of Roger Ariew’s new book parallels that of his earlier collection of essays, Descartes and the Last Scholastics, published in 1999 and widely regarded as a signal contribution to the study of Descartes’s relationship to his intellectual predecessors. Some of the themes of that work are reflected in the new book as well. In both, Ariew seeks to overthrow the myth of Descartes as staunch opponent of Scholasticism by revealing his affinities to strands of Scholastic thought. Indeed, given (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. added 2017-10-24
    The Use of Scripture in the Beast Machine Controversy.Lloyd Strickland - 2015 - In David Beck (ed.), Knowing Nature in Early Modern Europe. London: Pickering & Chatto. pp. 65-82.
    The impression we are often given by historians of philosophy is that the readiness of medieval philosophers to appeal to authorities, such as The Bible, the Church, and Aristotle, was not shared by many early modern philosophers, for whom there was a marked preference to look for illumination via experience, the exercise of reason, or a combination of the two. Although this may be accurate, broadly speaking, it is notable that, in spite of the waning enthusiasm for deferring to traditional (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. added 2017-06-21
    Emilie du Chatelet's Metaphysics of Substance.Marius Stan - 2018 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 56 (3):477-496.
    much early modern metaphysics grew with an eye to the new science of its time, but few figures took it as seriously as Emilie du Châtelet. Happily, her oeuvre is now attracting close, renewed attention, and so the time is ripe for looking into her metaphysical foundation for empirical theory. Accordingly, I move here to do just that. I establish two conclusions. First, du Châtelet's basic metaphysics is a robust realism. Idealist strands, while they exist, are confined to non-basic regimes. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. added 2017-05-09
    Maimon’s Theory of Differentials As The Elements of Intuitions.Simon Duffy - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (2):1-20.
    Maimon’s theory of the differential has proved to be a rather enigmatic aspect of his philosophy. By drawing upon mathematical developments that had occurred earlier in the century and that, by virtue of the arguments presented in the Essay and comments elsewhere in his writing, I suggest Maimon would have been aware of, what I propose to offer in this paper is a study of the differential and the role that it plays in the Essay on Transcendental Philosophy (1790). In (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. added 2017-01-26
    Gassendi and Skepticism.Ralph Walker - 1983 - In Burnyeat (ed.), The Skeptical Tradition. pp. 319--336.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. added 2017-01-21
    Testimony and Proof in Early-Modern England.R. W. Serjeantson - 1999 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 30 (2):195-236.
  19. added 2017-01-16
    Gassendi's Ethics: Freedom in a Mechanistic Universe. Lisa T. Sarasohn.Roger Ariew - 1997 - Isis 88 (2):338-339.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. added 2017-01-16
    Madame du Chatelet: Scientist, Philosopher, and Feminist of the Enlightenment. Esther Ehrman.James E. McClellan - 1987 - Isis 78 (4):635-636.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. added 2017-01-16
    Gassendi's Statement of the Principle of Inertia.Peter Anton Pav - 1966 - Isis 57 (1):24-34.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. added 2017-01-16
    French Free Thought From Gassendi to Voltaire. J. S. Spink.Leonard M. Marsak - 1962 - Isis 53 (2):263-263.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. added 2016-11-05
    Diderot e il polype d’eau douce: l’immaginazione tra natura e metafora.Matteo Marcheschi - 2014 - Aisthesis: Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 7 (2):109-125.
    In Diderot’s philosophy, the nature of the eighteenth-century, Isis veiled, is constituted of the same substance as the metaphor, the analogy and the hieroglyph. To show that, this article takes into consideration the naturalistic inquiry on Trembley’s Hydra. This animal, which is at the heart of the philosophical interest of the period, seems to shape itself starting from the mythological imagination, but at the same time it becomes the model that, for Diderot, defines the faculty of thinking and its features. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. added 2016-10-29
    Polipi, retori, dizionari. Diderot e l'ordine ironico dell'Encyclopédie.Matteo Marcheschi - 2015 - Lo Sguardo - Rivista di Filosofia 17:395-411.
    This article tries to show how, in his philosophy, Diderot assumes the character of a rhetorician: each idea is inseparable fro m the imagination that has created it, constituting a thought that is based on analogical and metaphorical references. In this perspective, my article considers the Encyclopédie as the most specific product of the philosopher-rhetorician’s thought: here the human knowledge organizes itself in a totality unfinished and ever-changing, where the articles are placed in a network of multiple references, never unambiguous (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. added 2016-10-29
    Tra rappresentazione e materia: Pigmalione, Diderot e il materialismo di immaginazione.Matteo Marcheschi - 2015 - In Anna Romani (ed.), Il riflesso della finzione. Saggi su filosofia e letteratura tra settecento e novecento. ETS. pp. 31-45.
    Nel mio articolo mi propongo di mostrare come nell'opera filosofica di D. Diderot la ridefinizione della materia - attiva e capace di dar origine continuamente a nuove forme - passi per la riconsiderazione dei suoi rapporti con l'immaginazione e le capacità rappresentative umane. A tal fine, prenderò in analisi uno specifico passo de Le rêve de d'Alembert, nel quale Diderot metaforizza la capacità della materia di divenire attiva a partire dalla riduzione in polvere di una statua di Falconet. Si dimostrerà (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. added 2016-10-27
    Bayesian Epistemology.Alan Hájek & Stephan Hartmann - 2010 - In J. Dancy et al (ed.), A Companion to Epistemology. Blackwell.
    Bayesianism is our leading theory of uncertainty. Epistemology is defined as the theory of knowledge. So “Bayesian Epistemology” may sound like an oxymoron. Bayesianism, after all, studies the properties and dynamics of degrees of belief, understood to be probabilities. Traditional epistemology, on the other hand, places the singularly non-probabilistic notion of knowledge at centre stage, and to the extent that it traffics in belief, that notion does not come in degrees. So how can there be a Bayesian epistemology?
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  27. added 2016-06-07
    Il riflesso della finzione. Saggi su filosofia e letteratura tra settecento e novecento.Anna Romani (ed.) - 2015 - ETS.
    Questo volume raccoglie alcune riflessioni sul ruolo della finzione nella letteratura e nella filosofia del Settecento e del Novecento. La premessa del lavoro è di non negare aprioristicamente il valore della multiforme nozione di finzione per il pensiero rigoroso. In tal modo, in un percorso che si dipana da Vico a Queneau passando per Diderot, Rousseau, Gide e Valéry, gli autori indagano diverse esperienze di interazione tra riflessione e finzione, mettendo in luce l’arricchimento per il pensiero che di volta in (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. added 2016-03-03
    Scepticism, Stoicism and Subjectivity: Reappraising Montaigne's Influence on Descartes.Jesús Navarro - 2010 - Contrastes: Revista Interdisciplinar de Filosofía 15 (1-2):243-260.
    According to the standard view, Montaigne’s Pyrrhonian doubts would be in the origin of Descartes’ radical Sceptical challenges and his cogito argument. Although this paper does not deny this influence, its aim is to reconsider it from a different perspective, by acknowledging that it was not Montaigne’s Scepticism, but his Stoicism, which played the decisive role in the birth of the modern internalist conception of subjectivity. Cartesian need for certitude is to be better understood as an effect of the Stoic (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29. added 2016-03-03
    D'holbach E le Rivoluzioni Del Globo Scienze Della Terra E Filosofie Della Natura Nell'etáa Dell'encyclop'edie.Giovanni Cristani - 2003
    D’Holbach, with his scientific writings, takes his place among the eighteenth-century geologist debates. Moreover, a study of the Système de la Nature shows that d’Holbach aimed at using the heterodox aspects of geological subjects to set up his philosophical system. A ‘cyclical’ and ‘catastrophist’ theory of the earth matched with materialism, particularly towards the controversy on the deistic conception of nature, the eternity of matter and the ‘physical’ causes of religious phenomena.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. added 2016-02-26
    What is Leibniz’s Ontology? Rethinking the Role of Hylomorphism in Leibniz’s Metaphysical Development.Tzuchien Tho - 2015 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 4 (1):79-103.
    A central controversy in the reception of Leibniz’s philosophy, not only during his lifetime, but also in the immediately posthumous period and more recently, concerns the role that substantial forms play in Leibniz’s ontology. Interpreters like Garber argue that the Leibnizian defense of the quasi-Scholastic substantial forms in the 1680’s-1690’s demonstrate an ontology of corporeal substance irreducible to an idealist ontology. On the other hand interpreters like Adams argue that corporeal substances reduce to a fully idealist ontology and that this (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. added 2015-12-02
    Domnevna zgodovina: dejstva in fikcija.Gregor Kroupa - 2011 - Filozofski Vestnik 32 (1):37-50.
    The article deals with a seldom exposed but ubiquitous method in the 18th century philosophy, named conjectural history by Dugald Stewart. Its characteristic feature is a peculiar combination of historically verified facts and speculations, which in some authors are even openly fictitious. The hypotheses about prehistory (always set forth in the form of temporal historical narrative) are meant to aid a certain classic philosophical topos of the 18th century: the quest for origins. The article first surveys and compares common points (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. added 2015-10-09
    DIDEROT AND MATERIALIST THEORIES OF THE SELF.Charles T. Wolfe - 2015 - Journal of Society and Politics 9 (1).
    The concept of self has preeminently been asserted (in its many versions) as a core component of anti-reductionist, antinaturalistic philosophical positions, from Descartes to Husserl and beyond, with the exception of some hybrid or intermediate positions which declare rather glibly that, since we are biological entities which fully belong to the natural world, and we are conscious of ourselves as 'selves', therefore the self belongs to the natural world (this is characteristic e.g. of embodied phenomenology and enactivism). Nevertheless, from Cudworth (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33. added 2015-10-09
    A Happiness Fit for Organic Bodies: La Mettrie's Medical Epicureanism.Charles T. Wolfe - 2009 - In Neven Leddy & Avi Lifschitz (eds.), Epicurus in the Enlightenment. Voltaire Foundation. pp. 69--83.
    A chapter on the specifically 'medical' Epicureanism of La Mettrie, connecting his materialist approach to mind-body issues and his hedonistic ethics.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  34. added 2015-10-09
    Sommes-nous les héritiers des lumières matérialistes ?Mathieu Aury & Charles Wolfe - 2008 - Revue Phares 8.
    An essay on whether or not we today are the 'heirs' of the materialist Enlightenment.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. added 2015-09-08
    Vignettes of Early Modern Epicureanism.Antonia LoLordo - 2012 - Metascience 21 (3):679-680.
    Vignettes of early modern Epicureanism Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-2 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9566-9 Authors Antonia LoLordo, Department of Philosophy, 122 Cocke Hall, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. added 2015-04-17
    Sophie de Grouchy on the Cost of Domination in the Letters on Sympathy and Two Anonymous Articles in Le Republicain.Sandrine Berges - 2015 - The Monist 98 (1):102-112.
    Political writings of eighteenth-century France have been so far mostly overlooked as a source of republican thought. Philosophers such as Condorcet actively promoted the ideal of republicanism in ways that can shed light on current debates. In this paper, I look at one particular source: Le Republicain, published in the summer 1791, focusing on previously unattributed articles by Condorcet’s wife and collaborator, Sophie de Grouchy. Grouchy, a philosopher in her own right, is beginning to be known for her Letters on (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  37. added 2015-04-06
    Pierre Gassendi Introduction À la Vie Savante.Sylvie Taussig - 2003
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. added 2015-04-04
    La Philosophic de Gassendi.Olivier René Bloch - 1972 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 28 (2):229-229.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39. added 2015-04-04
    SPINK, J. S. - "French Free-Thought From Gassendi to Voltaire". [REVIEW]L. J. Russell - 1962 - Mind 71:125.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. added 2015-04-04
    SPINK, J. S.-"French Free-Thought From Gassendi to Voltaire". [REVIEW]I. W. Alexander - 1962 - Philosophy 37:369.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. added 2015-03-29
    La Mothe le Vayer, Gassendi, Guy Patin Études de Bibliographie Et de Critique Suivies de Textes Inédits de Guy Patin.René Pintard & Guy Patin - 1943 - Boivin.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42. added 2015-03-29
    Doutes de Mr. Bernier Sur Quelques-Uns des Principaux Chapitres de Son Abregé de la Philosophie de Gassendi.François Bernier & Estienne Michallet - 1682 - Chez Estienne Michallet, Ruë S. Jacques À l'Image S. Paul.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. added 2015-03-29
    Syntagma Philosophiae Epicuri Cum Refutationibus Dogmatum Quae Contra Fidem Christianam Ab Eo Asserta Sunt ... Praefigitur Samuelis Sorberii Dissertatio de Vita Ac Moribus Petri Gassendi.Pierre Gassendi, Samuel Sorbière & Adriaan Vlacq - 1659 - Ex Typographia Adriani Vlacq.
  44. added 2015-03-28
    Gassendi's View of Knowledge a Study of the Epistemological Basis of His Logic.Howard T. Egan - 1984
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. added 2015-03-28
    Abregé de la Philosophie de Gassendi En Vii. Tomes.Pierre Gassendi, François Bernier, Jean Anisson, Claude Posuel & Rigaud - 1684 - Chez Anisson, Posuel & Rigaud.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. added 2015-03-26
    Jean DuHamel, The Cartesians, and Arnauld on Idea.J. Norman - 1999 - Modern Schoolman 76 (4):245-271.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. added 2015-03-26
    French Free Thought From Gassendi to Voltaire. [REVIEW]M. W. J. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (1):196-196.
  48. added 2015-03-23
    The Activity of Matter in Gassendi's Physics.Antonia LoLordo - 2005 - Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 2:75-103.
    Gassendi holds that matter is intrinsically active - it possesses an innate active force or power. This paper explains what that active power consists in and why Gassendi adopted this view.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  49. added 2015-03-23
    Lynn Sumida Joy, Gassendi the Atomist: Advocate of History in an Age of Science Reviewed By.Richard H. Popkin - 1989 - Philosophy in Review 9 (10):396-403.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. added 2015-03-22
    Les "instances" de Desgabets: Supplément aux objections de Gassendi et Arnauld.Paola Nicolas - 2012 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 110 (3):471-493.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 160