About this topic
Summary This category concerns German philosophy in the 17th and 18th century. Though predating the period of "classical German philosophy", this is an enormously important period in the history of German thought, and one which saw the publication of the first philosophical texts in the German language. Works in this category cover, among other figures and topics, Leibniz, German Schulphilosophie, Pietistic thought, the Pantheismusstreit, Kant, and the early reception of Kant's Critical idealism. 
Key works Key works from this period (available in English translation) include Kant's first, second, and third Critiques, Mendelssohn's Morning Hours, Christian Wolff's German Metaphysics, A. G. Baumgarten's Metaphysics, and C. A. Crusius' Sketch of the Necessary Truths of Reason (translations of selections from these latter texts can be found in Watkins 2009).
Introductions The best overview of German thought in this period is Beck's magisterial  Early German Philosophy. Guyer 1992 and Guyer 2006 are useful introductions to Kant's thought in particular, and Beiser 1987 offers an engaging account of the debates and figures surrounding the Pantheismusstreit in the later 18th century.
Related categories
Subcategories:
Immanuel Kant (30,613 | 812)
Kant: Metaphysics and Epistemology (11,375 | 3,194)

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  1. Garve's Eudaimonism.Michael Walschots - 2021 - In Udo Roth & Gideon Stiening (eds.), Christian Garve (1742–1798) Philosoph und Philologe der Aufklärung. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 171-182.
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  2. Lambert on Morality and Moral Illusion.Michael Walschots - forthcoming - In Frank Grunert & Gideon Stiening (eds.), Johann Heinrich Lambert (1728-1777) und die Mathematisierung der Aufklärung. Berlin: De Gruyter.
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  3. Система знания — от каталогизации к генетизации. Об историческом контексте формирования аналитически-синтетического метода у Фихте.Stahl Jürgen - 2019 - Esse Studies in Philosphy and Theology 2 (4):65 - 97.
    В развитии своего аналитико-синтетического метода Фихте восходил к диэрезису, методически отраженному со времен Платона. Если Платон несомненно указывает на историческое происхождение диэрезис, то у Фихте нет прямого указания на его концептуальную дифференциацию. Таким образом, в эссе исследуется, какие современные научные и философские проблемы привели к возобновлению и новому формированию диэрезиса. Далее показано, как Фихте развил диэрезис в особый трансцендентально-философский метод и таким образом обозначил решающий поворот в философии. Разнообразные методологические и гносеологические размышления о понимании единства и многообразия явлений природы и (...)
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  4. Perspektivwechsel: Konstruktion - Antizipation und gestaltende Fähigkeit des Subjekts. Zur Veränderung des Begriffsverständnis zwischen Aufklärung und Moderne.Stahl Jürgen - 2012 - Internet-Zeitschrift des Leibniz-Instituts Für Interdisziplinäre Studien E.V.
    Der Konstruktionsbegriff erfuhr er unter dem Eindruck technischer Fortschritte wie soziokultureller Veränderungen vor allem im 19. Jahrhundert wesentliche Wandlungen. Mit dessen selbstverständlich erscheinender Nutzung ergibt sich die Frage nach seinem Bedeutungsfeld: Ist Konstruieren ein Prozess, der sich auf das Entwerfen, die Präsentation der äußerlichen Gestalt des zu erzeugenden Gegenstandes konzentriert oder sind in ihm wesentlich mehr Aspekte impliziert? Im 17./18. Jahrhundert war Konstruktion verbunden mit dem Maschinenbegriff und vom Anspruch getragen, das geschlossene Ganze der Maschine als Objekt zu erfassen. Im (...)
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  5. Socialno-ekonomitscheskie vozzrenija J.G. Fichte kak osnova konstitutivnogo ponjatija spravedlivosti.Stahl Jürgen - 2008 - In Socialno-ekonomitscheskie vozzrenija J.G. Fichte kak osnova konstitutivnogo ponjatija spravedlivosti. In: Filosofskaja mysl i filosofija jazyka i istorii i sovremennosti. Sbornik nautschnych statej. Vostotschnyj universitet. (Perevod: M.A. Puschkarevoj. R. Ufa, Baschkortostan, Russland: pp. 5 - 24.
    В статье автор исследует, как Фихте разработал социально-политическую концепцию действия, основанную как на опыте, так и на современных идеях, в его работе «Закрытое коммерческое состояниеt». Кроме того, рассматривается, чем его социально-экономические теоремы отличаются от камеристских и феодально-консервативных рассуждений. Применительно к сегодняшнему дню идея о том, что люди являются не объектом или средством социальных отношений, а скорее их субъектом и целью, представляется особенно актуальной. С этой целью Фихте разработал концепцию справедливости, которая была конститутивной для его концепции общества: демократия, направленная на посягательство (...)
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  6. Le concezioni socioeconomiche di Johann Gottlieb Fichte come banco di prova della filosofia trascendentale.Stahl Jürgen - 1992 - Rinascita Della Scuola. Nouva Serie. Bimestrale Internazionale di Cultura, Scienza, Educazione 1 (XVI):3 - 22.
    The essay deals with the question whether Fichte’s socio-economic model which based both on the experiences and ideas of his time. Additionally, it explores how his socio-economic theorems stood out against cameralistic and feudal-conservative discussions and to what extent they can be described as an early critique of capitalism. Is the essence of Fichte’s socio-economic ideas to be seen in his model of state regulation or rather in his methodological claim of genetically developing the phenomena by showing their mediating links? (...)
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  7. Die Französische Revolution - Ursprung philosophischer Konzeptionsbildung bei Johann Gottlieb Fichte.Stahl Jürgen - 1989 - In Collegium philosophicum Jenense Nr. 8 Französische Revolution und Deutsche Klassik. Weimar, Deutschland: Hermann Böhlaus Nachfolger. pp. 189 - 205.
    Der Aufsatz analysiert Fichtes Verhältnis zu dem durch die Französische Revolution eingeleiteten Epochenumbruch und der damit verbundenen philosophischen Positionsbildung The essay analyzes Fichte's relationship to the epochal upheaval initiated by the French Revolution and the associated formation of philosophical positions. El ensayo analiza la relación de Fichte con el cambio de época iniciado por la Revolución Francesa y la formación asociada de posiciones filosóficas. В эссе анализируется отношение Фихте к эпохальным потрясениям, инициированным Французской революцией, и связанное с этим формирование философских (...)
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  8. Fichtes Beitrag zur Ausbildung einer dialektischen Naturbetrachtung.Stahl Jürgen - 1985 - In Erhard Lange (ed.), Collegium philosophicum Jenense Nr 5. Philosophie und Natur. Beiträge zur Naturphilosophie der deutschen Klassik. Weimar, Deutschland: Hermann Böhlau Nachfolger. pp. 146 -155.
    Der Artikel verfolgt, in welcher Weise Johann Gottlieb Fichte mit seiner Wissenschaftslehre die Diskussion um das Wesen der Natur in ihrem Verhältnis zum Subjekt beeinflusst. Dabei wird besonders sein Ansatz zur Fassung der Subjektivität und der Dialektisierung der Erkenntnisbeziehung zwischen Subjekt und Objekt herausgearbeitet. Dabei wird Fichtes Beitrag zur Entwicklung einer modernen dialektischen Methode gewürdigt. -/- The article follows the way in which Johann Gottlieb Fichte influences the discussion about the essence of nature in its relationship to the subject with (...)
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  9. The Birth of Ontology.Barry Smith - 2022 - Journal of Knowledge Structures and Systems 3 (1):57-66.
    This review focuses on the Ogdoas scholastica by Jacob Lorhard, published in 1606. The importance of this document turns on the fact that it contains what is almost certainly the first published occurrence of the term “ontology.” The body of the work consists in a series of diagrams called “diagraphs.” Relevant features of these diagraphs are: 1. that they do not in fact contain the word “ontology,” and 2. that Lorhard himself was not responsible for their content.
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  10. Philosophy of Religion in Modern European Thought 1600-1800.Brendan Kolb & Andrew Chignell - 2021 - The Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Religion.
    The early modern period (roughly, 1600–1800 ce) in Europe brought tremendous changes in intellectual, political, and cultural life. It was a period in which philosophical debates were inevitably bound up with questions about the nature and sources of religious truth. A chronological examination of some of the period’s major thinkers highlights two issues that were central to the development of philosophy of religion in the period. The first concerns the relations between God, the soul, and the body; the other concerns (...)
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  11. Conceivability Errors and the Role of Imagination in Symbolization.Lucia Oliveri - 2021 - JOLMA 2 (2):293-310.
    In the years 1675-84, Leibniz sought to disprove Descartes’s account of clear and distinct perception by implementing a three-step argumentative strategy. The first part of the paper reconstructs the argument and highlights what aspects of Descartes’s epistemology it addresses. The reconstruction shows that the argument is based on conceivability errors. These are a kind of symbolic cognition that prove Descartes’s clear and distinct perception as introspectively indistinguishable from Leibniz’s symbolic cognition. The second part of the paper explores the epistemic implication (...)
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  12. Fichtes Transzendentalphilosophie: ein urteilstheoretischer Ansatz zum Begriff des Objekts.Chiu Yui Plato Tse - 2018 - Dissertation,
    Die Arbeit behandelt Fichtes frühe Wissenschaftslehre in einer kombinierten historischen und systematischen Perspektive. Zum einen wird Fichtes Vorhaben der Wissenschaftslehre in den historischen Kontext der kantischen und nachkantischen Philosophie gestellt. Dabei spielt neben dem Werk Kants, insbesondere der Kritik der reinen Vernunft, dessen (meta-)kritische Rezeption durch K. L. Reinhold und S. Maimon eine wichtige Rolle. Zum anderen behandelt die Arbeit Fichtes frühe Wissenschaftslehre als Beitrag zu einer nicht-empirischen, „transzendentalen“ Theorie gültigen Gegenstandsbezugs. Dabei kommen grundsätzliche Überlegungen zum methodischen und doktrinalen Charakter (...)
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  13. Transcendental Idealism and the Self-Knowledge Premise.Chiu Yui Plato Tse - 2020 - Journal of Transcendental Philosophy 1 (1):19-41.
    The relation between transcendental idealism and philosophical naturalism awaits more careful determination, i. e. whether the issue of their compatibility hinges on their ontological view on the relation between physical and mental phenomena (i. e. whether it is supervenience or emergence) or on their epistemological view on our access to mental content. The aim of this paper is to identify a tension between transcendental idealism and philosophical naturalism, which lies not in their ontological view on the nature of substances, but (...)
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  14. Tetens’s Writings on Method, Language, and Anthropology.Scott Stapleford, Curtis Sommerlatte & Courtney D. Fugate (eds.) - 2022 - London, UK: Bloomsbury.
    Containing all of the key writings leading up to the publication of his Philosophical Essays in 1777, this volume presents complete works by Johann Nicolaus Tetens (1736-1807) in English for the very first time. These important essays focus on method in metaphysics and mathematics, the analysis of language, and various anthropological questions that occupied thinkers of the period. Key features of the volume include: · Accurate, readable translations · Detailed scholarly notes · A substantial introduction situating Tetens's works in historical (...)
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  15. How a Kantian Ideal Can Be Practical.Alexander T. Englert - 2022 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 65.
    In the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant states that ideas give us the rule for organizing experience and ideals serve as archetypes or standards against which one can measure copies. Further, he states that ideas and ideals can be practical. Understanding how precisely these concepts should function presents a challenging and understudied philosophical puzzle. I offer a reconstruction of how ideas and ideals might be practical in order to uphold, to my mind, a conceptually worthy distinction. A practical idea, I (...)
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  16. Träume eines Geistersehers, erläutert durch Träume der Metaphysik (transl. in Greek, Ekkremes Publishings, Athens, 2020).Stelios Gadris - 2020 - Athens, Greece: Ekkremes.
    Greek translation of Immanuel Kant's 1966 short treatise: Träume eines Geistersehers, erläutert durch Träume der Metaphysik.
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  17. Theoretical Virtues in Eighteenth-Century Debates on Animal Cognition.Hein van den Berg - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (3):1-35.
    Within eighteenth-century debates on animal cognition we can distinguish at least three main theoretical positions: (i) Buffon’s mechanism, (ii) Reimarus’ theory of instincts, and (iii) the sensationalism of Condillac and Leroy. In this paper, I adopt a philosophical perspective on this debate and argue that in order to fully understand the justification Buffon, Reimarus, Condillac, and Leroy gave for their respective theories, we must pay special attention to the theoretical virtues these naturalists alluded to while justifying their position. These theoretical (...)
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  18. Mechanical Philosophy: Reductionism and Foundationalism.Tzuchien Tho - 2020 - Encyclopedia of Early Modern Philosophy and the Sciences.
  19. Kritische Oder Genetische Methode (1883).Wilhelm Windelband - 1907 - In Präludien. Tübingen: Mohr Verlag. pp. 318-354.
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  20. Metaphysics, in Three Books: Ontology, Cosmology, and Psychology. Trans. By Bosanquet.Hermann Lotze - 1887 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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  21. Sapienti Os in Corde, Stulto Cor in Ore Esse – Johann Gottlieb Heineccius on Natural Duties Concerning Free Thought and Free Speech.Katerina Mihaylova - forthcoming - In Frank Grunert & Knud Haakonssen (eds.), Love as the Principle of Natural Law. The Natural Law Theory of Johann Gottlieb Heineccius and its Contexts. Leiden, Niederlande:
    In his "Elementa Iuris Naturae et Gentium" Johann Gottlieb Heineccius presents a unique account of love as the principle of natural law, referring to the main concern of early modern protestant theories of natural law: the importance of securing subjective rights by a law. Heineccius accepts the universal character of subjective rights derived from human nature, claiming their protection as natural duties required by a law. This chapter provides an attempt to explain the specific ways in which Heineccius deals with (...)
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  22. The Emergence of Modern Dialectic.Mehmet Karabela - 2013 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 8.
  23. Vielfalt-Individualität-Gesetz: Wilhelm von Humboldts politische Theorie.Roberta Pasquarè - 2009 - SOLon-Line.
    Der Kerngedanke der politischen Theorie des Wilhelm von Humboldt ist äußerst schlicht und übersichtlich: In seinen "Ideen zu einem Versuch, die Gränzen der Wirksamkeit des Staats zu bestimmen" heißt es, dass die Funktion des Staats auf die Erhaltung der inneren und auswärtigen Sicherheit beschränkt werden soll. Diese Staatsauffassung findet ihre Begründung in einer Anthropologie, die dem Menschen das Recht und zugleich die Aufgabe zuweist, durch das spontane Zusammenwirken mit den anderen seine Potenzialitäten zur Entfaltung zu bringen. Schlicht und übersichtlich wie (...)
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  24. L'individuo, lo Stato, la storia: il progresso nel pensiero politico di Wilhelm von Humboldt.Roberta Pasquarè - 2007 - Rivista Della Scuola Superiore Dell'economia E Delle Finanze.
    This article was originally published in January 2007 on the online version of the journal “Rivista della scuola superiore dell'economia e delle finanze”. Since the journal’s webpage does not exist anymore, I have uploaded a PDF of the article as it was published in January 2007. In questo articolo esamino l'idea humboldtiana di progresso. Più precisamente, ricostruisco come Wilhelm von Humboldt teorizzi il progresso del singolo individuo, del cittadino e del genere umano. Secondo la mia ricostruzione, l’idea humboldtiana di progresso (...)
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  25. Vernunft und Vertrag. Die konservative Wende des Wilhelm von Humboldt.Roberta Pasquarè - 2012 - Würzburg, Deutschland: Königshausen & Neumann.
    Im politischen Denken des Wilhelm von Humboldt findet eine konservative Wende statt: Von den radikalen Freiheitsansprüchen der Frühschriften bleibt in den Denkschriften des späten Staatsmannes kaum noch etwas erhalten. In diesem Band wird Humboldts konservative Wende textimmanent freigelegt, historisch situiert und systematisch ergründet. Insbesondere wird Humboldts Konservatismus auf seine zunehmende Angst vor der Demokratie zurückgeführt, was nach seinem Verständnis das schädliche Ergebnis der neuzeitlichen Vernunftrechts- und Vertragslehre darstellt. Aus diesem Grund wird Humboldts konservative Wende letzthin durch seine bereits in der (...)
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  26. Logikdiagramme Und Logikmaschinen Aus der Zittauer Schule Um Christian Weise.Jens Lemanski - 2019 - Neues Lausitzische Magazin 141 (1):39-57.
    A particularly promising trail on the search for forgotten logic diagrams leads to Upper Lusatia in the 17th century, more precisely to Christian Weise and his students. Samuel Grosser, who later became rector in Görlitz, and Johann Christian Lange, who later became professor of logic at the University of Gießen, are the most prominent to have published remarkable logic diagrams. Even more remarkable, however, is the fact that Lange's interest in these diagrams ultimately gave rise to the idea of building (...)
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  27. 230 Jahre Beantwortung der Frage: Was ist Aufklärung?Carina Pape & Holger Sederström - 2018 - Hannover, Deutschland: Wehrhahn.
    Die Aufklärung wurde als historische Denkbewegung oft kritisiert, ihre (vermeintliche) Dialektik aufgedeckt und die Kluft zwischen ihren ursprünglichen Zielen und ihren Konsequenzen angesichts der Kriege und Krisen des 20. Jahrhunderts beschrieben. Trotz dieser Kritik sind Begriff und Epoche der Aufklärung nach wie vor von großer gesellschaftlicher Bedeutung. Grundforderungen der Aufklärung wie Freiheit, Öffentlichkeit, überprüfbares Wissen, Mündigkeit, Emanzipation und Selbstreflexion stellen eine fortwährende Herausforderung dar. Noch heute liefert sie Impulse für demokratische Bewegungen. Und auch (wissenschafts-)didaktisch erscheint sie zeitlos: Moderne Begriffe wie (...)
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  28. 'All Is Leaf'. Goethe's Plant Philosophy and Poetry.Ina Goy - 2019 - In Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe (eds.), Philosophy of Biology Before Biology. Abingdon: Routledge. pp. 146-169.
    In "The Metamorphosis of Plants" (1790) and the related didactic poem (1798) Goethe describes the generation and development of plants as six metamorphoses of the primal plant and its organ, the leaf. In a first step, I will try to analyze the nature of the primal plant and its organ, the leaf. Is the primal plant and its organ, the leaf, an idea or does it consist in matter? If it is an idea, is it the idea of all plants (...)
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  29. Kants Theorie der Erfahrung.Hermann Cohen - 1871 - Berlin: Ferd. Dümmler.
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  30. Uber Das Religiose Gefuhl.G. Gerber - 1905 - Philosophical Review 14:90.
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  31. Martha Hanna, The Mobilization of Intellect: French Scholars and Writers During the Great War Reviewed By.Hoke Robinson - 1997 - Philosophy in Review 17 (5):329-331.
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  32. Immanuel Kant: sette domande di filosofia filosofica del diritto.Amedeo G. Conte - 2008 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia Del Diritto 85 (1):1-11.
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  33. Observaciones preliminares sobre la función de la imaginación en la filosofía ética Kantiana.María Carolina Álvarez Puerta - 2008 - Episteme NS: Revista Del Instituto de Filosofía de la Universidad Central de Venezuela 28 (2):119-128.
    En el presente trabajo se pretende reconstruir la noción de imaginación expuesta por Kant en la "Crítica de la razón pura", en su primera edición, y en la "Crítica del juicio" con el fin de poder dilucidar un posible papel de este concepto en el marco de la ética kantiana. -/- .
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  34. System und Methode: Zur methodologischen Begründung transzendentalen Philosophierens in Fichtes »Begriffsschrift«.Jürgen Stahl - 1997 - Fichte-Studien 10:99-113.
    Der Autor analysiert die methodologische Grundlegung der Transzendentalphilosophie durch Fichte. Als entscheidenden Punkt arbeitet er den durch Fichte vollzogenen Paradigmenwechsel heraus Danach kommt der Systembegründung nicht mehr ein vorwissenschaftlicher Status zu, sondern diese wird Moment der Systemkonstitution und Systemkonstruktion. Das erlaubt Fichte, die philosophische Methode in ihrer Strenge von der Methode der Mathematik abzuheben. -/- The author analyzes the methodological basis of Fichte's transcendental philosophy. As a decisive point, he works out the paradigm shift that Fichte carried out. According to (...)
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  35. Dialectic as the 'Self-Fulfillment' of Logic.Dieter Wandschneider - 2010 - In Nektarios Limnatis (ed.), The Dimensions of Hegel's Dialectic. London, New York: Continuum. pp. 31–54.
    The scope of my considerations here is defined along two lines, which seem to me of essential relevance for a theory of dialectic. On the one hand, the form of negation that – as self-referring antinomical negation – gains a quasi-semantic expulsory force [Sprengkraft] and therewith a forwarding [weiterverweisenden] character; on the other hand, the notion that every logical category is defective insofar as the explicit meaning of a category does not express everything that is already implicitly presupposed for its (...)
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Alexander Baumgarten
  1. Forme della certezza. Genesi e implicazioni del Fürwahrhalten in Kant.Lorenzo Mileti Nardo - 2021 - Pisa PI, Italia: Edizioni ETS.
    Fürwahrhalten, or “holding-to-be-true”, is one of the most controversial concepts in Kant’s epistemology. Rarely mentioned in Kant’s edited works – where it is often used to describe moral faith – Fürwahrhalten has attracted the interest of Kant scholars only in recent years. The essay aims to shed light on some of the main issues that the notion of holding-to-be-true still rises, especially those concerning its origin and its theoretical function in the critical system. The book retraces the stages of Kant’s (...)
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  2. Incompatibilism and the Principle of Sufficient Reason in Kant’s Nova Dilucidatio.Aaron Wells - 2022 - Journal of Modern Philosophy 4 (1:3):1-20.
    The consensus is that in his 1755 Nova Dilucidatio, Kant endorsed broadly Leibnizian compatibilism, then switched to a strongly incompatibilist position in the early 1760s. I argue for an alternative, incompatibilist reading of the Nova Dilucidatio. On this reading, actions are partly grounded in indeterministic acts of volition, and partly in prior conative or cognitive motivations. Actions resulting from volitions are determined by volitions, but volitions themselves are not fully determined. This move, which was standard in medieval treatments of free (...)
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  3. Mendelssohn and Kant on Virtue as a Skill.Melissa McBay Merritt - 2020 - In Ellen Fridland & Carlotta Pavese (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Skill and Expertise. Routledge. pp. 88-99.
    The idea that virtue can be profitably conceived as a certain sort of skill has a long history. My aim is to examine a neglected episode in this history — one that focuses on the pivotal role that Moses Mendelssohn played in rehabilitating the skill model of virtue for the German rationalist tradition, and Immanuel Kant’s subsequent, yet significantly qualified, endorsement of the idea. Mendelssohn celebrates a certain automatism in the execution of skill, and takes this feature to be instrumental (...)
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  4. Weltverhältnis und Weltverlust. Versuch über Skepsis und Metaphysik der Modalität.Mario Schärli - 2021 - Dissertation, Université de Fribourg
    I maintain that substantive metaphysics makes an ineliminable contribution to our mind’s cognitive relation to objects. To account for the precise nature of this metaphysical contribution, I investigate domains of thought in which our cognitive relation to objects appears problematic. In perception, an experience’s metaphysical dependence upon objects and their essences ground its content and, in part, epistemic worth. Regarding metaphysical modality, viewing modality and actuality as equally fundamental is pivotal to understanding our modal knowledge and thought. Relating to the (...)
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  5. Rationalism and Kant's Rejection of the Ontological Argument.Dai Heide - 2021 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 59 (4):583-606.
    Kant rejects the ontological argument on the grounds that the ontological argument inescapably must assume that existence is a “determination” or “real predicate,” which it is not. Most understand Kant’s argument for this claim to be premised upon his distinctive proto-Fregean theory of existence. But this leaves Kant dialectically vulnerable: the defender of the ontological argument can easily reject this as question-begging. I show that Kant relies upon two distinct arguments, both of which contend that the claim that existence is (...)
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  6. The Science of the Soul and the Unyielding Architectonic: Kant Versus Wolff on the Foundations of Psychology.Michael Bennett McNulty - 2021 - In Saulo de Freitas Araujo, Thiago Constâncio Ribeiro Pereira & Thomas Sturm (eds.), The Force of an Idea: New Essays on Christian Wolff's Psychology. pp. 251–69.
    Thorough comparison of Immanuel Kant’s and Christian Wolff’s divergent appraisals of the science of psychology reveals various ways in which Kant fundamentally altered the Wolffian philosophical apparatus that he inherited. Wolff conceived of a thoroughgoing interplay between empirical and rational psychology, of combining different sorts of cognition in psychology, and of a mathematical science of the soul, or psychometrics. Kant however rejected each of these particular theses and deemed psychology to be no natural science, “properly so-called.” This chapter details these (...)
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  7. Einzigartigkeit. Die Logik des Genuinen und ihre Genealogie aus der Logik.Stefan Färber - 2019 - In Unarten. Kleist und das Gesetz der Gattung. Bielefeld, Deutschland: pp. 71-92.
  8. 18th Century German Philosophy Prior to Kant.Corey W. Dyck & Brigitte Sassen - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  9. Die Vermessung des Sinnlichen. Zur Etablierung der empirischen Ästhetik und ihrer Bedeutung für die Kunstpädagogik.Nicolas Kleinschmidt - 2017 - BDK-MItteilungen 4:37-39.
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  10. Was heißt Fortschritt im Wissen? Gnoseoto­pi­sche Überlegungen zur Auf­klä­rung und ihren Folgen.Hans Adler - 2018 - Kantian Journal 37 (1):40-61.
  11. Kant’s Debt to Baumgarten in His Religious (Un‐)Grounding of Ethics.Toshiro Osawa - 2018 - Kant Yearbook 10 (1):105-123.
    Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s ethics had a significant influence on the formation of Kant’s ethics. The extent of this influence, however, has not been sufficiently investigated by existing Kant scholarship. Filling this gap, this paper aims to reveal Baumgarten’s substantial influence on the formation of Kant’s ethics, particularly the complex ways in which Kant’s ethics retains the concept of God as crucial for ensuring that his ethics persist under the scrutiny of reason. In a systematic comparison of the ethics of the (...)
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  12. Über Die Unsterblichkeit der Seele.Corey W. Dyck & Georg Friedrich Meier (eds.) - 2018 - Hildesheim: Olms.
    Meier’s Gedancken von dem Zustande der Seele nach dem Tode (Gedancken) deserves a prominent place among treatments of the immortality of the soul in 18th century German philosophy, both within and without the Wolffian tradition of rational psychology. It does not wilt next to Mendelssohn’s Phädon in its quality of expression, and might even be compared with Kant’s discussion in the Paralogisms chapter of his Kritik der reinen Vernunft in terms of the boldness of its argument and its philosophical rigour. (...)
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  13. Wahrscheinliche Weltweisheit. Alexander Gottlieb Baumgartens Metaphysik des Erkennens und Handelns.Alexander Aichele - 2017 - Hamburg: Meiner.
    Die Untersuchung analysiert deswegen nach einem einleitenden Vorschlag zur Bestimmung des Verhältnisses von Logik und Metaphysik im Anschluss an Leibniz Baumgartens Erkenntnistheorie in ihrer charakteristischen Komplementarität von Ästhetik und Logik, die das gesamte Feld aller möglichen Gewissheit, d. h. des Bewusstseins der Wahrheit der verschiedensten Erkenntnisse, abdecken. Darüber hinaus erörtert sie auch deren mögliche Gegenstände, nämlich die Beschaffenheit der Dinge, wie sie das Wissen Gottes als eine ideale Metaphysik enthielte. Auf der Grundlage einer Ontologie teilweise unbestimmer aktualer Existenz kommt Baumgarten (...)
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  14. Anna-Maria C. Bartsch: Form Und Formalismus. Stationen der Ästhetik Bei Baumgarten, Kant Und Zimmermann, Würzburg 2017. [REVIEW]Martina Sauer - 2018 - Sehepunkte. Rezensionsjournal für Geschichtswissenschaften 18 (7/8).
  15. Clear and Distinct Ideas in Eighteenth Century Germany: Metaphysics, Logic, Aesthetics.Colin McQuillan - 2017 - In Manuel Sánchez-Rodríguez & Miguel Escribano (eds.), Leibniz en Dialogo. Seville: Themata.
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