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  1. added 2020-03-17
    The Dream of Enlightenment.Anthony Gottlieb - 2016 - New York: Liveright.
    A history of western philosophy from Descartes to the French Revolution.
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  2. added 2019-12-18
    The Role of Skepticism in Early Modern Philosophy: A Critique of Popkin's "Sceptical Crisis" and a Study of Descartes and Hume.Raman Sachdev - 2019 - Dissertation, University of South Florida
    The aim of this dissertation is to provide a critique of the idea that skepticism was the driving force in the development of early modern thought. Historian of philosophy Richard Popkin introduced this thesis in the 1950s and elaborated on it over the next five decades, and recent scholarship shows that it has become an increasingly accepted interpretation. I begin with a study of the relevant historical antecedents—the ancient skeptical traditions of which early modern thinkers were aware—Pyrrhonism and Academicism. Then (...)
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  3. added 2019-12-02
    Qualities.Samuel C. Rickless - 2018 - In Dan Kaufman (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Seventeenth Century Philosophy. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 60-86.
    One of the more interesting philosophical debates in the seventeenth century concerned the nature and explanation of qualities. In order to understand these debates, it is important to place them in their proper historical-philosophical context. This book chapter starts with theoretical background in the work of Aristotle and the atomists, and then moves on to survey various theories of motion and rest, light, color, and sound, as well as the distinction between primary and secondary qualities, as represented in the work (...)
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  4. added 2019-11-06
    Introduction to ‘Experiment, Speculation and Religion in Early Modern Philosophy’.Alberto Vanzo & Peter R. Anstey - 2019 - In Alberto Vanzo & Peter R. Anstey (eds.), Experiment, Speculation and Religion in Early Modern Philosophy. New York: Routledge. pp. 1-7.
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  5. added 2019-11-06
    Experimental Philosophy and Religion in Seventeenth-Century Italy.Alberto Vanzo - 2019 - In Alberto Vanzo & Peter R. Anstey (eds.), Experiment, Speculation and Religion in Early Modern Philosophy. New York: Routledge. pp. 204-228.
    According to Amos Funkenstein, Stephen Gaukroger and Andrew Cunningham, seventeenth-century natural philosophy was fused with theology, driven by theology, and pursued primarily to shed light on God. Experimental natural philosophy might seem to provide a case in point. According to its English advocates, like Robert Boyle and Thomas Sprat, experimental philosophy embodies the Christian virtues of humility, innocence, and piety, it helps establish God’s existence, attributes, and providence, and it provides a basis for evangelism. This chapter shows that, unlike their (...)
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  6. added 2019-10-10
    A New Modern Philosophy: An Inclusive Anthology of Primary Sources.Eugene Marshall & Susanne Sreedhar (eds.) - 2019 - Routledge.
    The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries are arguably the most important period in philosophy’s history, given that they set a new and broad foundation for subsequent philosophical thought. Over the last decade, however, discontent among instructors has grown with coursebooks’ unwavering focus on the era’s seven most well-known philosophers—all of them white and male—and on their exclusively metaphysical and epistemological concerns. While few dispute the centrality of these figures and the questions they raised, the modern era also included essential contributions from (...)
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  7. added 2019-10-03
    Review: Atherton, Margaret (Ed), Women Philosophers of the Early Modern Period. [REVIEW]Jacqueline Broad - 1997 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 75 (2):248-9.
  8. added 2019-09-17
    Vital Anti-Mathematicism and the Ontology of the Emerging Life Sciences: From Mandeville to Diderot.Charles Wolfe - 2019 - Synthese 196 (9):3633-3654.
    Intellectual history still quite commonly distinguishes between the episode we know as the Scientific Revolution, and its successor era, the Enlightenment, in terms of the calculatory and quantifying zeal of the former—the age of mechanics—and the rather scientifically lackadaisical mood of the latter, more concerned with freedom, public space and aesthetics. It is possible to challenge this distinction in a variety of ways, but the approach I examine here, in which the focus on an emerging scientific field or cluster of (...)
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  9. added 2019-09-17
    Review of Materialism: An Affirmative History and Definition. [REVIEW]Charles T. Wolfe - 1996 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 19 (1):183-185.
    Richard Vitzthum, a Professor of English at the University of Maryland, has sought to write a book aimed at specialists and nonspecialists alike, in praise of the materialist tradition which he believes to require a new assessment at the present time. In his view, Lange’s History of Materialism suffered from an excessive neo-Kantian bias, contained too many historical digressions, and focused on figures like Gassendi, Hobbes and David Friedrich Strauss at the expense of figures that he, Vitzthum, finds crucial—and more (...)
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  10. added 2019-08-27
    Die Aufklärung existiert nicht.Daniel Von Wachter - 2017 - Jahrbuch des Denkens 1 (1):25-41.
    „Aufklärung“ ist nicht einfach ein Name einer Bewegung oder Entwicklung, deren Existenz unstrittig ist. Vielmehr enthält die Aussage „Das 18. Jahrhundert war das Zeital- ter der Aufklärung“ oder „In Deutschland hatten wir die Aufklärung“ eine Reihe von Behauptungen, die es zu prüfen gilt. Dieser Aufsatz legt dar, daß einige dieser Behauptungen falsch sind und daß deshalb die Aussage „Die Aufklärung exi- stiert nicht“ wahr ist.
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  11. added 2019-07-13
    Occasionalism: From Metaphysics to Science.M. F. Camposampiero, M. Priarolo & Emanuela Scribano - 2019 - Turnhout: Brepols.
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  12. added 2019-07-07
    Lucretius and the History of Science.Monte Ransome Johnson & Catherine Wilson - 2007 - In Stuart Gillespie & Philip R. Hardie (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Lucretius. Cambridge University Press.
    An overview of the influence of Lucretius poem On the Nature of Things (De Rerum Natura) on the renaissance and scientific revolution of the seventeenth century, and an examination of its continuing influence over physical atomism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
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  13. added 2019-06-26
    Émilie du Châtelets „Institutions Physiques“. Über Die Rollevon Prinzipien Und Hypothesen in der Physik.Andrea Reichenberger - 2016 - Wiesbaden:
    Im Mittelpunkt der vorliegenden Studie steht die Frage nach der Tragweite und Anwendungsrelevanz der Methodenlehre Émilie du Châtelets für die Physik im 18. Jahrhundert, mit der sich die Französin an der Diskussion um Energie- und Impulserhaltung und um das Prinzip der kleinsten Wirkung beteiligte. Andrea Reichenberger zeigt, dass Prinzipien und Hypothesen für Émilie du Châtelet als Fundament und Gerüst wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnis gelten. Im Zusammenspiel beider Komponenten erweisen sich das Prinzip des Widerspruchs und das Prinzip des zureichenden Grundes als regulative Leitlinien (...)
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  14. added 2019-06-11
    Бартоліні, Марія Ґрація. «Пізнай самого себе»: неоплатонічні джерела в творчості Г. С. Сковороди, переклад з італійської Мар’яни Прокопович та Катерини Новікової (Київ: Академперіодика, 2017), 157 с. [REVIEW]Larysa Dovga - 2017 - Kyivan Academy 14:213-218.
    Вихід у світ перекладу праці Марії Ґрації Бартоліні, відомої італійської славістки та дослідниці українських ранньомодерних текстів, не залишиться поза увагою тих, хто цікавиться історією вітчизняної культури, а тим більш її вивчає. На це є декілька причин. По-перше, ця праця є методологічно цілком новаторською на тлі величезного наукового та науково-популярного доробку, присвяченого творчості Григорія Сковороди. По-друге, авторка не лише декларує давно назрілу потребу «розсіяти стереотипи… про народний, несистематичний характер його рефлексії» (c. 5), а й успішно це здійснює. По-третє, джерела, на які (...)
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  15. added 2019-06-06
    Leibniz on the Laws of Nature and the Best Deductive System.Joshua L. Watson - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (4):577-584.
    Many philosophers who do not analyze laws of nature as the axioms and theorems of the best deductive systems nevertheless believe that membership in those systems is evidence for being a law. This raises the question, “If the best systems analysis fails, what explains the fact that being a member of the best systems is evidence for being a law?” In this essay I answer this question on behalf of Leibniz. I argue that although Leibniz’s philosophy of laws is inconsistent (...)
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  16. added 2019-06-06
    L’homme en grand» : l’idee husserlienne d’une éthique sociale et Ie concept de « personnalité d’ordre supérieur.Laurent Perreau - 2007 - Études Phénoménologiques 23 (45/48):123-148.
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  17. added 2019-06-06
    La Fin de L’Ordre Économique. [REVIEW]Jean Robillard - 2003 - Dialogue 42 (1):202-204.
    Le titre du livre éveillera sans doute la curiosité du lecteur intéressé par la critique sociale au sens large du terme, un peu moins peut-être celle du lecteur motivé par une réflexion centrée sur les problématiques épistémologiques propres aux sciences sociales; toutefois, la lecture complète pourra peut-être satisfaire la curiosité du premier; quant à celle du second, cela reste à mesurer. Le livre entend attaquer l’économisme ambiant, dont la surestimation du marché comme étalon de mesure normative des institutions sociales constituerait (...)
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  18. added 2019-06-06
    Jonathan I. Israel, Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650–1750. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Pp. Xix+810. ISBN 0-19-820608-9. £30·00. [REVIEW]Dorinda Outram - 2001 - British Journal for the History of Science 34 (4):453-481.
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  19. added 2019-06-06
    Jesuit Mathematical Science and the Reconstitution of Experience in the Early Seventeenth Century.Peter Dear - 1987 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 18 (2):133.
  20. added 2019-06-06
    "La Filosofia Della Religione in Kant. I: Dal Dogmatismo Teologico Al Teismo Morale ," by Ada Lamacchia; "Stuttgarter Privatvorlesungen," by Friedrich W.J. Schelling, Ed. Miklos Vetö; "Grundlegung der Positiven Philosophie," by Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling. Ed. Horst Fuhrmans; "Max Scheler," Volume 1: "Fenomenologia E Antropologia Personalistica," and Volume 2: "Filosofia Della Religione," by Giovanni Ferretti. [REVIEW]James Collins - 1975 - Modern Schoolman 52 (4):449-451.
  21. added 2019-06-06
    La ferveur malebranchiste et l'ordre des raisons: II. — La construction du système des causes occasionnelles : Combinatoire et Préméditation.Alain de Lattre - 1962 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 152:359.
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  22. added 2019-06-06
    L'ordre Des sciences.Félix Le Dantec - 1907 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 64:248-271.
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  23. added 2019-06-05
    Laclos and the Dark Side of the Enlightenment.Derek Allan - manuscript
    The conventional view that all Enlightenment thinkers believed that the fruits of Reason could only be beneficial is not necessarily accurate. Laclos, whose celebrated novel "Les Liaisons dangereueses" was published in 1782, provides a perspective on the world of Reason that does not square with that view. Working at the level of individual psychology, Reason in Laclos's novel divides the world into the strong and the weak – more specifically, the astute and the naive. It defines human worth in terms (...)
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  24. added 2019-06-05
    Susannah Gibson. Animal, Vegetable, Mineral? How Eighteenth-Century Science Disrupted the Natural Order. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Pp. Xv+215, Index. $34.95. [REVIEW]Alan C. Love - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (2):337-340.
    “To arrange in or analyse into classes according to shared qualities or characteristics; to make a formal or systematic classification” (OED). For many, classification provokes images of dull cataloging and arcane knowledge. However, in the eighteenth century it was neither dull nor arcane and had momentous import for natural philosophers and everyday individuals alike. Susannah Gibson has captured this expertly in her new book, and the subtitle accents the stakes: How Eighteenth-Century Science Disrupted the Natural Order. Although originating out of (...)
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  25. added 2019-06-05
    Ohad Nachtomy and Justin E. H. Smith, Eds. The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. Pp. Xiii+256. $78.00. [REVIEW]Guido Giglioni - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (2):348-352.
  26. added 2019-06-05
    Ordre Naturel, Raison Et Catallactique : L'Approche de F. Bastiat.Philippe Solal & Abdallah Zouache - 2000 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 10 (2-3):409-420.
    L’objet de cet article est d’éclairer les rapports qu’entretiennent le droit naturel et l’économie dans la pensée de F. Bastiat. On montre que le statut de la raison humaine occupe une place centrale dans cette articulation. On met également en évidence les tensions entre le mécanisme de répartition des droits de propriété soumis à une procédure de concurrence et le respect de la loi naturelle. A cet égard, F. Bastiat définit la liberté comme la capacité à utiliser la raison.The aim (...)
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  27. added 2019-04-29
    Early American Immaterialism: Samuel Johnson's Emendations of Berkeley.Geoffrey Gorham - 2018 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 54 (4):441.
    Richard Popkin opened an early paper with the observation "No figure in the history of European philosophy has had a more direct and enduring influence on American thought than George Berkeley."2 Popkin's case for Berkeley's "enduring" influence well into classical pragmatism is compelling.3 But in what follows I will be concerned with his more "direct" influence on the Connecticut philosopher and theologian Samuel Johnson —not to be confused with the English stone-kicking confuter of Berkeley—during Berkeley's brief, abortive Rhode Island sojourn (...)
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  28. added 2019-04-22
    Is Every Deductively Valid Argument Circular?Danny Frederick - manuscript
    David Miller claims that every valid deductive argument begs the question. Other philosophers and logicians have made similar claims. I show that the claim is false. Its appeal depends on the existence of logical terminology, particularly concerning what a proposition 'contains' or its 'logical content,' that is best understood as metaphoric and that, given its aptness to mislead, would be better eschewed. I show how the terminology appears to derive from early modern theories of the nature of mind, ideas and (...)
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  29. added 2019-03-20
    Jonathan Swift e o ceticismo.Jaimir Conte - 2018 - Sképsis 9 (17):57-73.
    The recovery of ancient skepticism in the sixteenth century had broad consequences in various intellectual domains, including fictional discourse. In the following centuries several authors echoed skeptical philosophical discourse and made literary use of skepticism. Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) is inserted in the hall of the modern writers who echoed and assimilated the skeptical tradition. Satires as A Tale of a Tub (1704), The Battle of Books (1704) and Gulliver's Travels (1726) are framed with marks of skepticism. Thus, my purpose is (...)
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  30. added 2019-03-14
    Philosophy of Biology Before Biology.Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe (eds.) - 2019 - London: Routledge.
    Philosophy of biology before biology -/- Edited by Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe -/- Table of contents -/- Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe. Introduction -/- 1. Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe. The idea of “philosophy of biology before biology”: a methodological provocation -/- Part I. FORM AND DEVELOPMENT -/- 2. Stéphane Schmitt. Buffon’s theories of generation and the changing dialectics of molds and molecules 3. Phillip Sloan. Metaphysics and “Vital” Materialism: The Gabrielle Du Châtelet Circle and French (...)
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  31. added 2019-03-14
    Smithian Vitalism?Charles T. Wolfe - 2018 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 16 (3):264-271.
    reflection on misreadings of Adam Smith as vitalist in light of E Schliesser's Adam Smith book which shows a different interpretive route.
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  32. added 2019-03-14
    Models of Organic Organization in Montpellier Vitalism.Charles T. Wolfe - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):229-252.
    The species of vitalism discussed here is a malleable construct, often with a poisonous reputation (but one which I want to rehabilitate), hovering in between the realms of the philosophy of biology, the history of medicine, and the scientific background of the Radical Enlightenment (case in point, the influence of vitalist medicine on Diderot). This is a more vital vitalism, or at least a more ‘biologistic,’ ‘embodied,’ medicalized vitalism. I distinguish between what I would call ‘substantival’ and ‘functional’ forms of (...)
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  33. added 2019-03-14
    Vital Anti-Mathematicism and the Ontology of the Emerging Life Sciences: From Mandeville to Diderot.Charles T. Wolfe - 2017 - Synthese:1-22.
    Intellectual history still quite commonly distinguishes between the episode we know as the Scientific Revolution, and its successor era, the Enlightenment, in terms of the calculatory and quantifying zeal of the former—the age of mechanics—and the rather scientifically lackadaisical mood of the latter, more concerned with freedom, public space and aesthetics. It is possible to challenge this distinction in a variety of ways, but the approach I examine here, in which the focus on an emerging scientific field or cluster of (...)
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  34. added 2019-03-14
    The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680–1760.Christoffer Basse Eriksen & Charles T. Wolfe - 2016 - Intellectual History Review 26 (4):561-564.
    review essay on Gaukroger, Collapse of Mechanism and Rise of Sensibility (OUP).
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  35. added 2019-03-14
    Materialism and ‘the Soft Substance of the Brain’: Diderot and Plasticity.Charles T. Wolfe - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (5):963-982.
    ABSTRACTMaterialism is the view that everything that is real is material or is the product of material processes. It tends to take either a ‘cosmological’ form, as a claim about the ultimate nature of the world, or a more specific ‘psychological’ form, detailing how mental processes are brain processes. I focus on the second, psychological or cerebral form of materialism. In the mid-to-late eighteenth century, the French materialist philosopher Denis Diderot was one of the first to notice that any self-respecting (...)
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  36. added 2019-03-14
    Penser L'Ordre Naturel, 1680-1810 - Edited by Adrien Paschoud and Nathalie Vuillemin.Charles T. Wolfe - 2014 - Centaurus 56 (1):62-65.
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  37. added 2019-03-14
    The Creation of the Modern World: The Untold Story of the British Enlightenment. [REVIEW]Charles T. Wolfe - 2003 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 24 (1):227-231.
    There are books which, in the manner of a legal brief, seek to present a case by marshalling evidence around a central thesis or ‘claim’. Then there are books which are more like canvases: they assemble a wide variety of elements into a hitherto unknown or at least unseen pattern. Roy Porter’s thesis, which can be pieced together from a few half-sentences repeated at the beginning, middle and end of this book, is that there was a British Enlightenment—which was general (...)
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  38. added 2019-03-13
    Review of "Steven Nadler, L’eresia di Spinoza: l’immortalità e lo spirito ebraico". [REVIEW]Leopoldo José Prieto López - 2007 - Alpha Omega 10 (1):147-151.
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  39. added 2019-02-08
    Staying Optimistic: The Trials and Tribulations of Leibnizian Optimism.Lloyd Strickland - 2019 - Journal of Modern Philosophy 1 (1):1-21.
    The oft-told story of Leibniz’s doctrine of the best world, or optimism, is that it enjoyed a great deal of popularity in the eighteenth century until the massive earthquake that struck Lisbon on 1 November 1755 destroyed its support. Despite its long history, this story is nothing more than a commentators’ fiction that has become accepted wisdom not through sheer weight of evidence but through sheer frequency of repetition. In this paper we shall examine the reception of Leibniz’s doctrine of (...)
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  40. added 2019-01-15
    Penser - Dépenser.Alain Vergnioux - 1997 - Bulletin de la Société Américaine de Philosophie de Langue Française 9 (1):52-59.
    L’enseignementne va pas sans dépense. Cela se compte d’abord dans le budget des Etats; mais ausssi plus sournoisement, chez les enseignants: dépense d’énergie, fatigue, épuisement. En pure pene? La rentabilité d’un système éducatif est toujours chose douteuse. L’éducation fonctionnerait-elle alors sur le mode archaïque du potlach, de la dépense improductive et infinie? C’est désigner sous l’horizon de la pauvrete socratiqué, l’espace de la pensée.
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  41. added 2018-11-27
    "Hume and Kant on Identity and Substance".Mark Pickering - 2017 - In Elizabeth Robinson & Chris W. Surprenant (eds.), Kant and the Scottish Enlightenment. New York: Routledge. pp. 230-244.
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  42. added 2018-11-19
    Descartes’s Epistemic Commitment to Telescopes and Microscopes.George J. Aulisio - 2019 - Dialogue 58 (3):405-437.
    In the Optics, Descartes claims that telescopes and microscopes lead to morally certain knowledge. It is unclear, however, that Descartes’s expressed confidence in these instruments is warranted. In this article, I show how a limited range of telescope and microscope observations could lead to morally certain knowledge for Descartes, and how observations beyond this range admit of enough reasonable doubt to undermine moral certainty. I also explain moral certainty as a form of knowledge in Descartes’s scientific practices, his epistemic commitment (...)
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  43. added 2018-10-24
    Hobbes and Evil.Geoffrey Gorham - 2018 - In Chad Meister & Charles Taliaferro (eds.), Evil in Early Modern Philosophy. London: Routledge.
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  44. added 2018-10-24
    Descartes on the Infinity of Space Vs. Time.Geoffrey Gorham - 2018 - In Ohad Nachtomy & Reed Winegar (eds.), Infinity in Early Modern Philosophy. Berlin: Brill.
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  45. added 2018-09-18
    Introduction to Volume 4 of the History of the Philosophy of Mind (6 Volumes): Philosophy of Mind in the Early Modern and Modern Ages.Rebecca Copenhaver - 2019 - In Volume 4 of the History of the Philosophy of Mind: Philosophy of Mind in the Early Modern and Modern Ages. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 1-15.
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  46. added 2018-09-13
    Jonathan Edwards's Monism.Antonia LoLordo - 2017 - Philosophers' Imprint 17.
    The 18th-century American philosopher Jonathan Edwards argues that nothing endures through time. I analyze his argument, paying particular attention to a central principle it relies on, namely that “nothing can exert itself, or operate, when and where it is not existing”. I also consider what I supposed to follow from the conclusion that nothing endures. Edwards is sometimes read as the first four-dimensionalist. I argue that this is wrong. Edwards does not conclude that things persist by having different temporal parts; (...)
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  47. added 2018-09-09
    Theological Foundations for Modern Science?Catherine Wilson - 1997 - Dialogue 36 (3):597.
    The paper is a critical notice of Margaret Osler, "Divine Will and the Mechanical Philosophy". Criticism focuses on Osler's claim that theological voluntarism and intellectualism and associated ideas about the necessity of physical laws and the certainty of scientific beliefs provide an underlying framework for understanding Gassendi's and Descartes's natural philosophies.
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  48. added 2018-09-07
    The Deep Metaphysics of Space: An Alternative History and Ontology Beyond Substantivalism and Relationism.Edward Slowik - 2016 - Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
    This volume explores the inadequacies of the two standard conceptions of space or spacetime, substantivalism and relationism, and in the process, proposes a new historical interpretation of these physical theories. This book also examines and develops alternative ontological conceptions of space, such as the property theory of space and emergent spacetime hypotheses, and explores additional historical elements of seventeenth century theories and other metaphysical themes. Readers will learn about specific problems with the substantivalism versus relationism dichotomy. First, Newton and Leibniz (...)
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  49. added 2018-08-14
    Pouvoir d'ordre et missions apostoliques.J. Beyer - 1954 - Bijdragen 15 (1):31-41.
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  50. added 2018-05-16
    Les Fondements de l'Ordre Juridique Simone Goyard-Fabre Collection «L'interrogation Philosophique» Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1992, XIV, 391 P. [REVIEW]François Blais - 1995 - Dialogue 34 (1):166-.
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