17th/18th Century Philosophy

Edited by Brandon Look (University of Kentucky)
175 found
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1 — 50 / 175
  1. added 2017-06-28
    NODARI, Paulo César. Ética, direito e política: a paz em Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau e Kant. São Paulo: Paulus, 2014, 301p.Moisés João Rech - 2017 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 22 (2):420-428.
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  2. added 2017-06-27
    Elias Sacks, Moses Mendelssohn's Living Script: Philosophy, Practice, History, Judaism. [REVIEW]Corey W. Dyck - 2017 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2017.
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  3. added 2017-06-26
    Bentham’s Binary Form of Maximizing Utilitarianism.Johan E. Gustafsson - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy.
    Jeremy Bentham is often interpreted as defending a satisficing, rather than maximizing, version of utilitarianism, where an act is right as long as it produces more pleasure than pain. This lack of maximization is surprising given Bentham’s maximizing slogan ‘the greatest happiness of the greatest number’. Against the satisficing interpretation, I argue that Bentham consistently defends a maximizing version of utilitarianism, where an act’s consequences are compared to those of not performing the act. I show that following this version of (...)
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  4. added 2017-06-26
    Descartes, Malebranche, and the Crisis of Perception.Walter Ott - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The seventeenth century witnesses the demise of two core doctrines in the theory of perception: naive realism about color, sound, and other sensible qualities and the empirical theory, drawn from Alhacen and Roger Bacon, which underwrote it. This created a problem for seventeenth century philosophers: how is that we use qualities such as color, feel, and sound to locate objects in the world, even though these qualities are not real? -/- Ejecting such sensible qualities from the mind-independent world at once (...)
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  5. added 2017-06-26
    Uberzeugender Beweis Aus der Vernunft von der Unsterblichkeit Sowohl der Menschen Seelen Insgemein, Als Besonders der Kinder-Seelen.Israel Gottlieb Canz & Corey W. Dyck (eds.) - 2017 - Hildesheim: Olms.
    Israel Gottlieb Canz’s Uberzeugender Beweiß, first published in 1741 and reprinted here in its second, expanded edition stands as his most influential discussion of the soul’s immortality, with one contemporary pronouncing it to be “one of the best [treatments of immortality] that we have.” In this text, Canz seeks to augment and supplement traditional Wolffian proofs by considering, first, the grounds for the soul’s immortality that are contained in its own nature and, second, the grounds for the same that are (...)
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  6. added 2017-06-25
    Saved by God's 'Grease': The Pathology of Political Bodies in Smollett's Humphry Clinker.Pierce Williams - forthcoming - The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation 60 (1).
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  7. added 2017-06-24
    A Knowledge Broken. Essay Writing and Human Science in Montaigne and Bacon”.Emiliano Ferrari - 2016 - Montaigne Studies:211-221.
    Literary theory and criticism over the last three decades have shown an increasing interest in studying the cognitive and critical relevance of the “essay” for modern history and culture . This paper aims to supply supporting evidence for this perspective, examining the function of essay writing for both Montaigne and Francis Bacon's conception of human thought and knowledge. In particular, I will focus on the epistemological implications of the essay and fragmentary prose, both considered forms of writing that express a (...)
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  8. added 2017-06-24
    L’axe Montaigne-Hobbes : anthropologie et politique.Emiliano Ferrari & Thierry Gontier (eds.) - 2016 - Paris: Classiques Garnier.
    Against a background of civil, political and religious conflict, Montaigne and Hobbes redeveloped a form of anthropological and political thinking that ushered in modernity. This collective work is as much concerned with the points where the two authors converge as with the difference in the paths they follow.
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  9. added 2017-06-24
    Le scepticisme de Montaigne : nouvelles perspectives.Emiliano Ferrari, Telma Birchal & Thierry Gontier (eds.) - 2016 - Paris: Classiques Garnier.
    Les études qui composent ce volume offrent au lecteur trois perspectives générales sur le scepticisme de Montaigne, dans son rapport respectif : 1) à la raison et à la foi ; 2) aux héritages philosophiques et rhétoriques humanistes ; 3) à la pensée moderne (anthropologie, morale, politique).
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  10. added 2017-06-24
    Montaigne : une anthropologie des passions.Emiliano Ferrari - 2014 - Paris, France: Classiques Garnier.
    This is the first study dedicated to Montaigne's philosophy of the passions. It presents the wisdom of the Essays in a new light. Theoretically original, Montaigne’s anthropology of the passions has a great impact on modern philosophers as Descartes and Hobbes.
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  11. added 2017-06-23
    Creative Imagination, Sensus Communis, and the Social Imaginary: Miki Kiyoshi and Nakamura Yūjirō in Dialogue with Contemporary Western Philosophy.John Krummel - forthcoming - In Michiko Yusa (ed.), The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Contemporary Japanese Philosophy. New York, USA: Bloomsbury. pp. 255-284.
    This chapter examines the imagination, its relationship to “common sense,” and its recent development in the notion of the social imaginary in Western philosophy and the contributions Miki Kiyoshi and Nakamura Yūjirō can make in this regard. I trace the historical evolution of the notion of the productive imagination from its seeds in Aristotle through Kant and into the social imagination or imaginary as bearing on our collective being-in-the-world, with semantic and ontological significance, in Paul Ricoeur, Cornelius Castoriadis, and Charles (...)
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  12. added 2017-06-23
    Fifteen Years of a Classic: New Humean Studies.Leandro Hollanda - 2017 - Prometeus 23:139-150.
    "I tend to agree with more dialectical positions such as Noxon's who, even being a critic of the approach of the two concepts, writes the following: Hume explained certain mental phenomena, notably belief, as effects of the association. And, going further, I say that belief is a feeling or sensation aroused by two factors: habit and the association of ideas, but it does not arise either from one or from other singly, each one is a part of a process that (...)
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  13. added 2017-06-21
    The Metaphysics of du Chatelet's Institutions de Physique.Marius Stan - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Philosophy.
    I argue that Emilie du Châtelet’s metaphysics of corporeal substance in the 1740s was a species of realism. This result challenges the ruling consensus, which takes her to have been decisively influenced by Leibniz, an idealist. In addition, I argue that du Châtelet’s ontology of body is a mixture of realism and idealism, likewise non-Leibnizian. This too questions the scholarly consensus; and opens the way for a long due and careful reassessment of her overall doctrine. I suggest that her view (...)
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  14. added 2017-06-21
    Adam Ferguson on Partisanship, Party Conflict, and Popular Participation.Max Skjönsberg - forthcoming - Modern Intellectual History:1-28.
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  15. added 2017-06-21
    The Concept of Persons in Kant and Fichte.Owen Ware - forthcoming - In Antonia LoLordo (ed.), Persons: A History. Oxford University Press.
    It is well known that Kant rejects the basic project of rational psychology: to access our inner constitution as persons by reflecting upon the 'I think' of self-consciousness. What is far less understood, however, is why Kant still believes the theorems of rational psychology are analytically true, insofar as they represent the 'I' through the categories of substance, reality, unity, and existence. Early post-Kantian thinkers like Fichte would abandon this restriction and approach the concept of the 'I' instead through the (...)
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  16. added 2017-06-21
    Andreas Rahmatian, Lord Kames: Legal and Social Theorist.A. SchrockChristopher - 2017 - Https://Doi.Org/10.3366/Jsp.2017.0166 15 (2):233-235.
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  17. added 2017-06-21
    Freedom and Force: Essays on Kant's Legal Philosophy.Sari Kisilevsky & Martin J. Stone (eds.) - 2017 - Bloomsbury.
    This collection of essays takes as its starting point Arthur Ripstein's Force and Freedom: Kant's Legal and Political Philosophy, a seminal work on Kant's thinking about law, which also treats many of the contemporary issues of legal and political philosophy. The essays offer readings and elucidations of Ripstein's thought, dispute some of his claims and extend some of his themes within broader philosophical contexts, thus developing the significance of Ripstein's ideas for contemporary legal and political philosophy. -/- All of the (...)
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  18. added 2017-06-21
    Spinoza and Education: Freedom, Understanding and Empowerment.Johan Dahlbeck - 2016 - Abingdon: Routledge.
    Spinoza and Education offers a comprehensive investigation into the educational implications of Spinoza’s moral theory. Taking Spinoza’s naturalism as its point of departure, it constructs a considered account of education, taking special care to investigate the educational implications of Spinoza’s psychological egoism. What emerges is a counterintuitive form of education grounded in the egoistic striving of the teacher to persevere and to flourish in existence while still catering to the ethical demands of the students and the greater community. -/- In (...)
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  19. added 2017-06-21
    Hobbes. La vie inquiète.Luc Foisneau - 2016 - Paris: Gallimard.
    Comment pouvons-nous vivre ensemble, alors que nous sommes en désaccord sur la manière dont il faut vivre? Hobbes répond : parce que nous ne sommes pas d’accord sur ce qu’est une vie réussie nous devons penser la réalité politique en termes de souveraineté et de justice. Refusant tout à la fois la réponse de Machiavel, qu’il n’y a pas de morale en politique, et celle de Platon, qu’il n’y a pas de politique sans une idée du Bien, l’auteur du Léviathan (...)
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  20. added 2017-06-20
    Hume on the Direct Passions and Motivation.Tito Magri - 2011 - In Elizabeth S. Radcliffe (ed.), A Companion to Hume. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 185-200.
  21. added 2017-06-20
    Reason, Passion, and the Influencing Motives of the Will.Mikael M. Karlsson - 2006 - In Saul Traiger (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Hume’s Treatise. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 235-255.
  22. added 2017-06-20
    The Importance of 'Mere Conception' in David Hume's Theory of Belief.Catherine Kemp - 1995 - Dissertation, State University of New York at Stony Brook
    Belief is a species of mere conception, and is modifiable, rather than bivalent (believing or disbelieving). The attendant-impression theory of transformation of conception into belief expresses the moral dimension of one and the same thing, of which the manner-of-conception (without attendant impression) theory of the transformation refers to the epistemic dimension of that same thing. These two aspects of the transformation of conception into belief point to an ambiguity in Hume's use of the term IDEA: as act and as content. (...)
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  23. added 2017-06-18
    An Asymmetrical Approach to Kant's Theory of Freedom.Benjamin Vilhauer - forthcoming - In Dai Heide and Evan Tiffany (ed.), The Idea of Freedom: New Essays on the Interpretation and Significance of Kant's Theory of Freedom.
    Asymmetry theories about free will and moral responsibility are a recent development in the long history of the free will debate. To my knowledge, Kant commentators have not yet explored the possibility of an asymmetrical reconstruction of Kant's theory of freedom, and that will be my goal here. By "free will", I mean the sort of control we would need to be morally responsible for our actions. Kant's term for it is "transcendental freedom", and he refers to the attribution of (...)
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  24. added 2017-06-18
    Kant's Mature Theory of Punishment, and a First Critique Ideal Abolitionist Alternative.Benjamin Vilhauer - forthcoming - In Matthew Altman (ed.), Palgrave Kant Handbook.
    This chapter has two goals. First, I will present an interpretation of Kant’s mature account of punishment, which includes a strong commitment to retributivism. Second, I will sketch a non-retributive, “ideal abolitionist” alternative, which appeals to a version of original position deliberation in which we choose the principles of punishment on the assumption that we are as likely to end up among the punished as we are to end up among those protected by the institution of punishment. This is radical (...)
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  25. added 2017-06-17
    Vernunftgewitter. Brevier nach Ernst Marcus. Eingeleitet und zusammengestellt von Salomon Friedlaender/Mynona . Aus dem Nachlass herausgegeben von Detlef Thiel. Waitawhile/Books on Demand 2015. 464 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-7347-5175-2. [REVIEW]Ernst Wolfgang Orth - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (2):309-311.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 2 Seiten: 309-311.
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  26. added 2017-06-17
    Rudolf Langthaler: Geschichte, Ethik und Religion im Anschluss an Kant. Philosophische Perspektiven „zwischen skeptischer Hoffnungslosigkeit und dogmatischem Trotz“ . Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2014. Bd. 1: 662 Seiten, Bd. 2: 681 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-05-004047-9. [Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie Sonderbände 19/1 und 19/2]. [REVIEW]Hoesch Matthias - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (2):288-295.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 2 Seiten: 288-295.
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  27. added 2017-06-17
    Christian Bonnet: L’Autre École de Iéna. Critique, métaphysique et psychologie chez Jakob Friedrich Fries. Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2013. ISBN 978-2-8124-0908-0. [REVIEW]Lois M. Rendl - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (2):311-312.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 2 Seiten: 311-312.
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  28. added 2017-06-17
    Defending Kant’s Conception of Matter From the Charge of Circularity.Kahn Samuel - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (2):195-217.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 2 Seiten: 195-217.
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  29. added 2017-06-17
    The Cosmos As Involving Local Laws and Inconceivable Without Them.Chris Smeenk & Yann Benétreau-Dupin - 2017 - The Monist 100 (3):357-372.
    Traditional debates, such as those regarding whether the universe is finite in spatial or temporal extent, exemplified, according to Kant, the inherent tendency of pure reason to lead us astray. Although various aspects of Kant’s arguments fail to find a footing in modern cosmology, Kant’s objections to the search for a complete objective description of the cosmos are related to three intertwined issues that are still of central importance: the applicability of universal laws, the status of distinctively cosmological laws, and (...)
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  30. added 2017-06-17
    Das kantische Raummodell in der Neurobiologie.Grit Schwarzkopf & Hannah Monyer - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (2):247-269.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 2 Seiten: 247-269.
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  31. added 2017-06-17
    Alan Bailey and Dan O'Brien , The Continuum Companion to Hume, London: Bloomsbury, 2015, 447 Pp., £24.99 , ISBN 9781474243933. [REVIEW]Kevin R. Busch - 2017 - Dialectica 71 (1):124-140.
  32. added 2017-06-17
    Kant-Lexikon. 3 Bände. Hrsg. von Marcus Willaschek, Jürgen Stolzenberg, Georg Mohr und Stefano Bacin. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter, 2015. 2880 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-11-017259-1. [REVIEW]Wolfgang Carl - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (2):295-299.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 2 Seiten: 295-299.
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  33. added 2017-06-17
    A Kantian Argument for the Formula of Humanity.Patricia Kitcher - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (2):218-246.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 2 Seiten: 218-246.
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  34. added 2017-06-17
    Warum nach dreihundert Jahren immer noch Kant lesen?Onora O’Neill - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (2):270-279.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 2 Seiten: 270-279.
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  35. added 2017-06-17
    Stefan Klingner: Technische Vernunft. Kants Zweckbegriff und das Problem einer Philosophie der technischen Kultur. [Kantstudien Ergänzungshefte 172]. Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter 2013, XII u. 334 S. ISBN: 978-311-030571-5. [REVIEW]Höntsch Andreas - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (2):283-288.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 2 Seiten: 283-288.
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  36. added 2017-06-17
    On the Epistemic Status of Absolute Space: Kant’s Directions in Space Read From the Standpoint of His Critical Period.Patricia Kauark-Leite - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (2):175-194.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 2 Seiten: 175-194.
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  37. added 2017-06-17
    Saša Josifović: Willensstruktur und Handlungsorganisation in Kants Theorie der praktischen Freiheit [= Critical Studies in German Idealism 11]. Leiden: Brill, 2014. VIII und 404 Seiten. ISBN: 978-90-04-27171-5. [REVIEW]Jörg Noller - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (2):280-283.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 2 Seiten: 280-283.
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  38. added 2017-06-17
    Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie. Begründet von Friedrich Ueberweg. Völlig neu bearbeitete Ausgabe. Herausgegeben von Helmut Holzhey. Die Philosophie des 18. Jahrhunderts. Band 5. Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation. Schweiz. Nord-und Osteuropa. Herausgegeben von Helmut Holzhey und Vilem Mudroch. Basel: Schwabe Verlag 2014. 2 Halbbände, 1677 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-7965-2631-2. [REVIEW]Udo Thiel - 2017 - Kant-Studien 108 (2):300-308.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 108 Heft: 2 Seiten: 300-308.
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  39. added 2017-06-16
    Berkeley et les hypothesés mathématiques.Luc Peterschmitt - 2003 - Archives Internationales D’Histoire des Sciences 53:184-197.
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  40. added 2017-06-15
    Harmony in Spinoza and His Critics.Timothy Yenter - forthcoming - In Beth Lord (ed.), Spinoza's Philosophy of Ratio. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  41. added 2017-06-15
    Hume.Timothy Yenter - forthcoming - In Greg Ganssle & Ben Arbour (eds.), Christian Theology and the Modern Philosophers.
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  42. added 2017-06-15
    The Elevated Imagination: Contemplation and Action in David Hume and Adam Smith.W. Matson Erik & Doran Colin - 2017 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 15 (1):27-45.
  43. added 2017-06-15
    Hume and Hutcheson on Cicero's ‘Proof Against the Stoics’. EdwardsJeff - 2017 - Https://Doi.Org/10.3366/Jsp.2017.0163 15 (2):175-195.
    This article takes its cue from an intriguing passage in Hume's September 1739 letter to Hutcheson. After appealing to what Cicero proves ‘against the Stoics’ in book four of De finibus, Hume indicates that he and Hutcheson are in some respect opposed to one another as far as their views on virtue and moral motivation are concerned. While this may seem surprising, given the similarities between their approaches to the foundations of morals, careful analysis of Cicero's criticism of Stoic ethics (...)
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  44. added 2017-06-15
    Molyneux’s Question in Berkeley’s Theory of Vision.J. R. Loaiza - 2017 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 32 (2):231-247.
    I propose a reading of Berkeley's Essay towards a New Theory of Vision in which Molyneux-type questions are interpreted as thought experiments instead of arguments. First, I present the general argumentative strategy in the NTV, and provide grounds for the traditional reading. Second, I consider some roles of thought experiments, and classify Molyneux-type questions in the NTV as constructive conjectural thought experiments. Third, I argue that (i) there is no distinction between Weak and Strong Heterogeneity theses in the NTV; (ii) (...)
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  45. added 2017-06-15
    Hume and Conjectural History.Santos CastroJuan Samuel - 2017 - Https://Doi.Org/10.3366/Jsp.2017.0162 15 (2):157-174.
    An often-ignored Humean contribution to Scottish Enlightenment is ‘conjectural history’, an eighteenth-century historical genre that attempted to trace the origins and development of particular institutions from prehistory to modernity. But conjectural methodology prevented histories from establishing any facts. What was then its point? I propose a way to justify Hume's practice of conjectural history by appealing to his scattered comments on historical explanation. Conjectural histories explain the origin of modern institutions by offering the rationale that must have caused their emergence (...)
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  46. added 2017-06-15
    A paixão e a linguagem na mecânica da paz política no leviatã de Thomas Hobbes.Francisco Luciano Teixeira Filho - 2015 - Argumentos 7 (14):100-112.
    O artigo trata da ideia de paz política desde a mecânica dos corpos no Leviatã de Thomas Hobbes. Buscou-se compreender como um pressuposto egoísta pode chegar a uma ideia de consenso pela linguagem.
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  47. added 2017-06-14
    Kant, The Actualist Principle, and The Fate of the Only Possible Proof.Uygar Abaci - 2017 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (2):261-291.
    one important product of kant's pre-critical metaphysics is the proof of God's existence that he presented in The Only Possible Argument of 1763.1 Kant's proof moves from what I will call here the 'actualist principle', every real possibility must be grounded in actuality, to the conclusion that there exists a unique necessary being, i.e. an ens realissimum, which grounds all real possibility. The pre-critical proof deserves interest in its own right, for not only does it have an intriguing logical structure, (...)
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  48. added 2017-06-13
    Genealogy and Jurisprudence in Fichte’s Genetic Deduction of the Categories.G. Anthony Bruno - forthcoming - History of Philosophy Quarterly.
    Fichte argues that the conclusion of Kant’s transcendental deduction of the categories is correct yet lacks a crucial premise, given Kant’s admission that the metaphysical deduction locates an arbitrary origin for the categories. Fichte provides the missing premise by employing a new method: a genetic deduction of the categories from a first principle. Since Fichte claims to articulate the same view as Kant in a different, it is crucial to grasp genetic deduction in relation to the sorts of deduction that (...)
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  49. added 2017-06-12
    Kant and the Continental Tradition.Sorin Baiasu & Alberto Vanzo (eds.) - forthcoming - Routledge.
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  50. added 2017-06-12
    Cultivating Strength of Mind: Hume on the Government of the Passions and Artificial Virtue.Lauren Kopajtic - 2017 - Hume Studies 41 (2):201-229.
    Several authors have recently noted Hume’s relative silence on the virtue of strength of mind and how it is developed. In this paper I suggest that Hume had good reasons for this silence, and I argue that Hume’s discussion of artificial virtue, especially the virtue of allegiance, reveals a complex view of the limitations on human efforts at self-reform. Further, it reveals the need for government and externally-imposed regulative structures to enable the development of strength of mind. I argue that (...)
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