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  1. Half a century of bioethics and philosophy of medicine: A topic‐modeling study.Piotr Bystranowski, Vilius Dranseika & Tomasz Żuradzki - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (9):902-925.
    Topic modeling—a text‐mining technique often used to uncover thematic structures in large collections of texts—has been increasingly frequently used in the context of the analysis of scholarly output. In this study, we construct a corpus of 19,488 texts published since 1971 in seven leading journals in the field of bioethics and philosophy of medicine, and we use a machine learning algorithm to identify almost 100 topics representing distinct themes of interest in the field. On the basis of intertopic correlations, we (...)
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  2. Introduction. Le projet de Mario Bunge.François Maurice - 2020 - Mεtascience: Discours Général Scientifique 1:15-27.
    Ce premier numéro de Mεtascience rend un hommage posthume à Mario Bunge, décédé en février 2020. Ce n’est pas la première fois, et certainement pas la dernière, que des penseurs rendent hommage à Mario Bunge ou que son oeuvre fait l’objet d’une étude, à juste titre d’ailleurs, car l’homme est un humaniste et l’oeuvre digne héritière des Lumières. Bunge a contribué de façon significative à un très grand nombre de disciplines : physique, philosophie, sociologie, psychologie, sciences cognitives. Ce numéro est (...)
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  3. Introduction: Mario Bunge’s Project.François Maurice - 2020 - Mεtascience: Scientific General Discourse 1:19-28.
    This is the introduction of issue 1 of Mɛtascience. -/- This first issue of Mεtascience is a posthumous tribute to Mario Bunge, who died in February 2020. This is not the first time, and certainly not the last, that thinkers pay homage to Mario Bunge or that his work is the subject of study, and rightly so, because the man is a humanist and the work worthy heiress of the Enlightenment. Bunge has made a significant contribution to a wide range (...)
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  4. The National Science Foundation and philosophy of science's withdrawal from social concerns.Krist Vaesen & Joel Katzav - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 78 (C):73-82.
    At some point during the 1950s, mainstream American philosophy of science began increasingly to avoid questions about the role of non-cognitive values in science and, accordingly, increasingly to avoid active engagement with social, political and moral concerns. Such questions and engagement eventually ceased to be part of the mainstream. Here we show that the eventual dominance of 'value-free' philosophy of science can be attributed, at least in part, to the policies of the U.S. National Science Foundation's "History and Philosophy of (...)
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  5. Symposium: Are Physical, Biological and Psychological Categories Irreducible?J. S. Haldane, D'Arcy W. Thompson, P. Chalmers Mitchell & L. T. Hobhouse - 1918 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 1 (1):11-74.
  6. On Reichenbach’s argument for scientific realism.Stathis Psillos - 2011 - Synthese 181 (1):23 - 40.
    The aim of this paper is to articulate, discuss in detail and criticise Reichenbach's sophisticated and complex argument for scientific realism. Reichenbach's argument has two parts. The first part aims to show how there can be reasonable belief in unobservable entities, though the truth of claims about them is not given directly in experience. The second part aims to extent the argument of the first part to the case of realism about the external world, conceived of as a world of (...)
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  7. The pittsburgh center for philosophy of science: Privileged vehicle for the return of philosophy to greece.Aristides Baltas - unknown
    This public lecture commemorating the 40th anniversary of the Center for the Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh provides a brief history of philosophical activity in Greece from ancient to modern times. The lecture culminates in an exploration of the Center's fruitful interactions with Greece's contemporary philosophical community.
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  8. Reclaiming Reality: A Critical Introduction to Contemporary Philosophy.Roy Bhaskar - 1989 - Verso.
    Originally published in 1989, Reclaiming Reality still provides the most accessible introduction to the increasingly influential multi-disciplinary and international body of thought, known as critical realism. It is designed to "underlabour" both for the sciences, especially the human sciences, and for the projects of human emancipation which such sciences may come to inform; and provides an enlightening intervention in current debates about realism and relativism, positivism and poststucturalism, modernism and postmodernism, etc. Elaborating his critical realist perspective on society, nature, science (...)
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  9. Some historical and philosophical reflections on science and enlightenment.Abner Shimony - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):14.
    I am grateful for the opportunity to share with you some of my convictions, anxieties, and hopes. My central conviction is the immense value of a mental outlook which can be called by the suggestive and historically recognized name Enlightenment, whose exact characterization, however, requires careful discussion. It is an outlook widely shared, though with innumerable personal variations, by the members of the Philosophy of Science Association, by the broader community of scientists, science teachers, and philosophers, and by an ill-defined (...)
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  10. Popper’s Historical Role: Innovative Dissident. [REVIEW]John Wettersten - 2005 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (1):119 - 133.
    Whether Popper's philosophy will be used widely enough to shape the philosophy of science in the future will determine what his role in the history of the philosophy of science will be. The choice is that between the quest for deeper understanding of science and society, on the one hand, and the maintenance of old and comfortable views, on the other. Although in the past comfort has normally won out, progress has been made by dissidents such as Maimon and Whewell. (...)
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20th Century Philosophy of Science, Misc
  1. A Mente Biológica: Filosofia, Biologia Evolutiva e Neurociência no Naturalismo Biológico de John Searle.Maxwell Morais de Lima Filho - 2018 - Dissertation, Federal University of Ceara, Brazil
  2. How the Mind-World Problem Shaped the History of Science: A Historiographical Analysis of Edwin Arthur Burtt's The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science Part I.Konstantinos Chatzigeorgiou - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 83:121-132.
    This manuscript, divided into two parts, provides a contextual and historiographical analysis of Edwin Arthur Burtt's classic The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science. My discussion corroborates the sparse technical literature on Burtt (Moriarty, 1994; Villemaire, 2002), positioning his work in the aftermath of American idealism and the rise of realist, pragmatist and naturalist alternatives. However, I depart from the existing interpretations both in content and focus. Disagreeing with Moriarty, I maintain that Burtt's Metaphysical Foundations is not an idealist work. (...)
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  3. Stanisława Kamińskiego opcje metodologiczne.Andrzej Bronk & Monika Walczak - 2018 - Filozofia i Nauka 6:199-230.
    Stanisław Kamiński (1919-1986) was a philosopher, philosopher of science and historian of science. He defended in 1949 at the Catholic University in Lublin (KUL) his PhD thesis on Frege's axiomatic system of the sentence logic in the light of the contemporary methodology of deductive science. Since 1957 he was the head of the Chair of Methodology (the first one in Poland, founded in 1952 by J. Iwanicki) at the KUL, since 1965 the associate and since 1970 the full professor of (...)
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  4. The Isis Crises and the Coming of Age of the History of Science Society.I. Cohen - 1999 - Isis 90 (S2):S28-S42.
  5. The Anthropologist as a Young Physicist: Bronisław Malinowski's Apprenticeship.Bronisław Średniawa - 1981 - Isis 72:613-620.
  6. Seven Decades of History of Science: I. Bernard Cohen (1914–2003), Second Editor of Isis.Joseph Dauben, George Smith & Mary Gleason - 2009 - Isis 100:4-35.
    I. Bernard Cohen (1914–2003), the first American to receive a Ph.D. in history of science, was a Harvard undergraduate ('37) and then a Ph.D. student and protégé of George Sarton, founder of Isis and the History of Science Society. He went on to succeed Sarton as editor of Isis (1952–1958) and, later, president of the Society (1961–1962); he was also a president of the International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science. Cohen was an internationally recognized Newton scholar; his (...)
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  7. Rethinking Sarton's Institute for History of Science and Civilization—Virtually.Jane Maienschein - 2009 - Isis 100 (1):94-102.
    George Sarton's original vision in establishing Isis and Osiris carried beyond these two publications. His particular view of history of science is worth revisiting to reflect on the values he embraced and the context in which he worked. His idea of an Institute for the History of Science and Civilization is even more provocative. Although Sarton's ideas and, especially, his way of framing them would probably be rejected by most today, there is at least one major emphasis worth recovering and (...)
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  8. George Sarton and the History of Science.Dorothea Singer & Charles Singer - 1956 - Isis 47:306-310.
  9. Talcott Parsons's Appraisal and Critique of Alfred Marshall.Bruce C. Wearne - 1981 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 48 (4 Winter):816-851.
    This is a summarised version of my MSocSc Thesis "The development of 'The Structure of Social Action' in the Early Writings of Talcott Parsons" written in 1978 under the supervision of Professor David Bettison.
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  10. History of science for its own sake?Steve Fuller - 2010 - History of the Human Sciences 23 (4):95-99.
  11. On the motives for the new sociology of science.Steve Fuller - 1995 - History of the Human Sciences 8 (2):117-124.
  12. Underlabourers for science or toolmakers for society? [REVIEW]John Shotter - 1990 - History of the Human Sciences 3 (3):443-457.
    Roy Bhaskar, Reclaiming Reality: a Critical Introduction to Contemporary Philosophy, London: Verso, 1989, £24.95, paper £8.95, ix + 218 pp.
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  13. H 2 O: Hempel-Helmer-Oppenheim, an Episode in the History of Scientific Philosophy in the 20th Century.Nicholas Rescher - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (2):334 - 360.
    Preface. Almost fifty years ago, in 1948, when I was an undergraduate at Queens College in New York and a student of Carl G. Hempel's, I received from his hands an offprint of his now-classic but then just-published paper “Studies in the Logic of Explanation”, written in collaboration with Paul Oppenheim and then just published in Philosophy of Science.1 This paper greatly impressed me—and I was not alone. We have here one of those unusual publications that sets the agenda for (...)
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  14. The Study of the History of Science.George Sarton - 1936 - Dover Publications.
  15. In memoriam: Peter Lipton.Tim Lewens - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (2):133-139.