20th Century Philosophy

Assistant editor: Michael Versteeg (University of Western Ontario)
Contents
241 found
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  1. added 2024-07-13
    In‐Between Child and World: Educational Responsibility with and against Arendt.Julien Kloeg & Liesbeth Noordegraaf-Eelens - forthcoming - Educational Theory.
    A key aspect of the educator's responsibility as understood by Hannah Arendt is its dual character. Educators are responsible for both the life and development of the child and the continuance of the world, as Arendt puts it in “The Crisis in Education.” Moreover, these aspects of responsibility are in tension with each other. Arendt's own accounts of responsibility in her political writings are, in a similar way, riddled with tension. What should we conclude from this about the nature of (...)
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  2. added 2024-07-13
    Arendt, Heidegger, Eichmann, and Thinking, after the Black Notebooks.Matthew Sharpe - 2024 - Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 8 (1):120-133.
    Preview: /Review: Emmanuel Faye, Arendt et Heidegger: Extermination nazie et destruction de la pensée, (Albin Michel, 2016), 560 pages./ The appearance of Martin Heidegger’s Black Notebooks (1932-38) in 2014 has posed profound questions to philosophers and political theorists. For a long time, in ways that the Black Notebooks have definitively undermined, Heidegger’s National Socialism was widely considered as limited to 1933-34. His larger thought, at least after a proposed turning or kehre in the mid-1930s, was presented as insulated from, or (...)
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  3. added 2024-07-13
    Athens or Rome? A New Perspective on the Political Philosophy of H. Arendt.Simas Čelutka - 2024 - Problemos 105.
    Hannah Arendt is widely known as a philosopher who attempted to rehabilitate the ancient Greek conception of politics. According to established readings of The Human Condition, Arendt is generally regarded as a ‘Graecophile’ whose thought is underwritten by ‘Athenian nostalgia’. Arendt’s sympathies for the Greeks are hard to deny: she did indeed turn to the Athenian understanding of politics in an attempt to crystallise in it the core elements of authentic politics. However, this interpretation is excessively one-sided. In Arendt’s view, (...)
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  4. added 2024-07-10
    Explicit Abstract Objects in Predicative Settings.Sean Ebels-Duggan & Francesca Boccuni - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophical Logic:1-36.
    Abstractionist programs in the philosophy of mathematics have focused on abstraction principles, taken as implicit definitions of the objects in the range of their operators. In second-order logic (SOL) with predicative comprehension, such principles are consistent but also (individually) mathematically weak. This paper, inspired by the work of Boolos (Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 87 , 137–151, 1986) and Zalta (Abstract Objects, vol. 160 of Synthese Library, 1983), examines explicit definitions of abstract objects. These axioms state that there is a (...)
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  5. added 2024-07-10
    Stop calculating: it is about time to start thinking!Vasil Penchev - forthcoming - Metaphysics eJournal (Elsevier: SSRN).
    The paper is a partly provocative essay edited as a humanitarian study in philosophy of science and social philosophy, reflecting on the practical, “anti-metaphysical” turn taken place since the 20th century and continuing until now. The article advocates that it is about time it to be overcome because it is the main obstacle for the further development of exact and natural sciences including mathematics therefore restoring the unity of philosophy and sciences in the dawn of modern science when the great (...)
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  6. added 2024-07-07
    Democracy in the founding cultures of the USA and China.Enrique Martinez Esteve - manuscript
    Two Mosaic figures (Thomas Jefferson and Confucius) will be introduced here as a means of gauging whether Democracy is solely the child of the West and/or whether it can also be traced to a conceptual foundation in Confucianism, the practical political philosophy of ancient China. The teachings of Confucius (c. 551-479 BCE) as a source of political thought appear to be comprehensive enough to provide us with a just model for the administration of the state.
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  7. added 2024-07-07
    Ramsey's Reliabilism.Weng Hong Tang - forthcoming - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy.
    In a short note written in 1929, Frank Ramsey put forward a reliabilist account of knowledge anticipating those given by Armstrong (1973) and Goldman (1967), among others, a few decades later. Some think that the note comprises the bulk of what Ramsey has to say about epistemology. But Ramsey’s ideas about epistemology extend beyond the note. Relatively little attention has been paid to his reliabilist account of reasonable belief. Even less attention has been paid to his reliabilist account of reasonable (...)
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  8. added 2024-07-07
    Kuhn Still Matters.Yafeng Shan - forthcoming - In Rethinking Thomas Kuhn’s Legacy. Cham: Springer.
    Despite his enormous influence on the philosophy of science, Kuhn seems to have been unfairly treated by philosophers. His work was often oversimplified, misinterpreted, and quickly dismissed. The legacy of Kuhn for contemporary philosophy of science seems to be unfortunately thin. This book revisits his legacy for the history and philosophy of science and reflects on the prospect of the Kuhnian philosophy of science. It explores Kuhnian or neo-Kuhnian approaches to central issues in twenty-first philosophy of science. It also rereads (...)
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  9. added 2024-07-06
    Précis of “Das System der Ideen” (Alber, 2021).Michael Lewin - unknown
    The book (I) deals systematically with a conception of reason that creates and deploys ‘ideas’ as pure representations of something that is not or only partially given in experience. This conception—developed in Kant’s Transcendental Dialectic, unfolded throughout his works and set as the highest point in Fichte’s Wissenschaftslehre—is the most important key to understanding transcendental philosophy and classical German philosophy. Moreover, the book (II) argues that the set of theories regarding reason ‘in the narrower sense’ (the faculty of ideas) constitutes (...)
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  10. added 2024-07-05
    From a Culture of Domination to Safe Spaces.Mark Gatus - 2024 - Social Ethics Society Journal of Applied Philosophy (Special Issue Gender and Culture): 121-148.
    This paper examines the culture of domination and oppression that poses a challenge in creating safe spaces. This culture normalizes oppression affecting marginalized groups, particularly women. This culture threatens safe spaces, which hinders women’s participation in society without the fear of being silenced, dismissed, and excluded. But how can we establish safe spaces in a culture where dominant groups control the narrative of society? This paper analyzes the culture of domination in the Philippines using the philosophical lenses of Iris Marion (...)
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  11. added 2024-07-04
    The Moral Agent: A Critical Rationalist Perspective.Alireza Mansouri - 2024 - Philosophia 52.
    Despite the moral underpinnings of Karl Popper’s philosophy, he has not presented a well-established moral theory for critical rationalism (CR). This paper addresses the ontological status of _moral agents_ as part of a research program for developing a moral theory for CR. It argues that moral agents are _selves_ who have achieved the cognitive capacity of _personhood_ through an evolutionary scenario and interaction with the environment. This proposal draws on Popper’s theory of the self and his theory of three worlds, (...)
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  12. added 2024-07-02
    The Demands of Self-Constraint: Diagnosis and Idealism in Wittgenstein, Diamond, and Kant.Jens Pier - 2024 - In Herbert Hrachovec & Jakub Mácha (eds.), Platonism: Proceedings of the 43rd International Wittgenstein Symposium. Berlin: De Gruyter.
    The legacy of the Platonic dialogues may well lie, not in any classical idealist “doctrine of forms,” but in an inquisitive stance towards the puzzle behind any such doctrine—how thought can be about anything at all. This Platonic puzzle may, however, yield a different guise of idealism that is recognizably diagnostic: it aims to dispel our worry about thought’s objectivity as a confusion, engendered by a self-alienation of thought. These themes of diagnosis and idealism resurface in Wittgenstein, who in his (...)
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  13. added 2024-07-02
    Two Varieties of Skepticism.James Conant - 2012 - In Günter Abel & James Conant (eds.), Rethinking Epistemology, Volume 2. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter.
    This paper distinguishes two varieties of skepticism and the varieties of philosophical response those skepticisms have engendered. The aim of the exercise is to furnish a perspicuous overview of some of the dialectical relations that obtain across some of the range of problems that philosophers have called (and continue to call) “skeptical”. I argue that such an overview affords a number of forms of philosophical insight.
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  14. added 2024-07-02
    The Difficulty of Reality and the Difficulty of Philosophy.Cora Diamond - 2003 - Partial Answers: Journal of Literature and the History of Ideas 1 (2).
    I am concerned in this paper with a range of phenomena, which, in the first four sections of the paper, I shall suggest by some examples. In the last three sections, I try to connect the topic thus indicated with the thought of Stanley Cavell. First example: a poem of Ted Hughes’s, from the mid-50s, called “Six Young Men.” […] What Hughes gives us is a case of what I want to call the difficulty of reality. That is a phrase (...)
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  15. added 2024-07-01
    Kuhnian lessons for the social epistemology of science.Vincenzo Politi - forthcoming - In Yafeng Shan (ed.), Rethinking Thomas Kuhn’s Legacy. Cham: Springer.
    Kuhn’s analysis of the structure and function of the scientific community has been recently re-interpreted as a seminal contribution to the so-called social epistemology of science. Kuhn’s social epistemology should be considered as part of a normative-descriptive philosophical framework in which epistemological, historical, sociological, and psychological elements are interconnected. In this chapter, I will compare Kuhn’s seminal insights with two contemporary approaches to the social epistemology of science, namely: the development of idealised formal models of the scientific community and the (...)
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  16. added 2024-07-01
    Merleau-Ponty e Foucault: Algumas Aproximações e Afastamentos.Gustavo Ruiz da Silva - 2024 - Problemata 15 (1):97-109.
    This paper examines the philosophical relationship between Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Michel Foucault, exploring the apparent opposition between their phenomenological and archaeological approaches. Initially, the paper highlights Merleau-Ponty's perspective on the Phenomenology of Perception and contrasts it with Foucault's archaeological discourse, examining his rejection of an analysis grounded in an originating subject. Foucault criticizes phenomenology, underscoring his refusal to adopt a view that anchors history in the subject. Moreover, the paper explores the phenomenological analysis, demonstrating the extent to which Foucault distanced (...)
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  17. added 2024-06-30
    Logically Simple Objects and a Relational View of Reality in Wittgenstein’s Tractatus, Russell and Carnap (7th edition).Richard McDonough - forthcoming - Humanities Bulletic.
    Many philosophers have puzzled over the nature of the logically simple objects, the “substance” of the world, in Wittgenstein’s Tractatus-logico-philosophicus (TLP). Such questions are misplaced because TLP is committed to the view that talk of such metaphysically problematical entities is part of the “ladder” that must be “thrown away” after one has climbed it. Further, TLP’s demotion of its logically simple objects to mere logical subjects requires an increased emphasis on the relations between these alleged objects. TLP’s account of its (...)
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  18. added 2024-06-28
    Rémi Brague.Martin Montoya - 2022 - Philosophica. Enciclopedia Filosófica on Line.
    Rémi Brague es un pensador francés reconocido por sus estudios de filosofía antigua y medieval. También ha analizado diversos aspectos de la antropología filosófica y cultural de nuestro tiempo, en un contexto amplio del estudio de la historia de las ideas. En la actualidad es profesor emérito de Filosofía Medieval en la Universidad de la Sorbona de París y de Historia del Cristianismo Europeo en la Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München en Alemania donde ocupó la cátedra Romano Guardini. Es miembro del Instituto de (...)
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  19. added 2024-06-26
    John Dewey's Objective Semiotics: Existence, Significance, and Intelligence.Joseph Dillabough - 2024 - The Pluralist 19 (2):1-22.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: There is an abundance of scholarship on John Dewey. Dewey's writings are vast, so scholars try to find the crux that connects their many themes into a distinctive vision for philosophy and life. Many claim that the democratic way of life is the center of Dewey's philosophical vision. Others claim that Dewey's response to Darwin was the impetus for a philosophical experimentalism that could envision a better life (...)
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  20. added 2024-06-24
    The Curious Case of the Disappearance of Pyrrhonism from Continental Philosophy.Robb Dunphy - forthcoming - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism.
    In this article, evidence is briefly presented for three facts that together point to something puzzling. (1) That major continental philosophers of the nineteenth century tended to engage in some detail, as part of a broader preoccupation with ancient Greek thought, with Pyrrhonian scepticism. (2) That major continental philosophers of the twentieth century tended to engage in some depth with their nineteenth-century forebears and maintained their tendency to engage significantly with ancient Greek thought. (3) That twentieth-century continental philosophers demonstrate little (...)
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  21. added 2024-06-24
    Escritos sobre estética y política.Herbert Marcuse & Leandro Sánchez Marín - 2024 - Medellín: Ennegativo Ediciones. Translated by Leandro Sánchez Marín & Jhoan Sebastian David Giraldo.
    Si podemos hacer todo con la naturaleza y la sociedad, si podemos hacer todo con el hombre y las cosas, ¿por qué no podemos convertirlos en el sujeto-objeto en un mundo pacificado, en un entorno estético no agresivo? Sí, y también sabemos cómo. Los instrumentos y los materiales están ahí para la construcción de un entorno tal, social y natural, en el que las pulsiones de vida no sublimadas redireccionarían el desarrollo de las necesidades y las facultades humanas, redirigirían el (...)
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  22. added 2024-06-23
    Summary of (most of) my criticisms of John Rawls.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    This document gathers together, in summary form, objections scattered across many papers and multiple online databases. Nevertheless, it omits some objections, notably complicated ones.
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  23. added 2024-06-23
    Quantum Mechanics as a Carnapian Language.Iulian D. Toader - manuscript
    The paper discusses Carnap's claim that a proper philosophical analysis of quantum mechanics, including a determination of whether its logic has to be revised, requires rational reconstruction, and considers the possibility of formulating quantum mechanics as a Carnapian language with an inferentialist semantics.
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  24. added 2024-06-22
    Ryle and Sartre against Hume’s Theory of the Imagination.Andreas Vrahimis - 2024 - In Galit Wellner, Geoffrey Dierckxsens & Marco Arienti (eds.), The Philosophy of Imagination: Technology, Art and Ethics. London: Bloomsbury.
  25. added 2024-06-22
    Axioms, Definitions, and the Pragmatic a priori: Peirce and Dewey on the “Foundations” of Mathematical Science.Bradley C. Dart - 2024 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 16 (1).
    Peirce and Dewey were generally more concerned with the process of scientific activity than purely mathematical work. However, their accounts of knowledge production afford some insights into the epistemology of mathematical postulates, especially definition and axioms. Their rejection of rationalist metaphysics and their emphasis on continuity in inquiry provides the pretext for the pragmatic a priori – hypothetical and operational assumptions whose justification relies on their fruitfulness in the long run. This paper focuses on the application of this idea to (...)
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  26. added 2024-06-21
    In Defense of Rawlsian Egalitarianism.Konstantin Morozov - 2024 - Politeia 113 (2):62-75.
    The liberal-egalitarian concept formulated by John Rawls in his book A Theory of Justice is still vehemently debated today. Critics of this concept include, among others, Rodion Belkovich and Sergei Vinogradov, according to whom Rawlsians inevitably face a dilemma: they need to reject either the difference principle or luck egalitarianism, and each of these solutions leads to the erosion of the basic foundations of Rawls’s theory. The article presents a detailed analysis of the arguments put forward by Belkovich and Vinogradov (...)
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  27. added 2024-06-21
    Ontology: Laying the Foundations.Keith R. Peterson & Nicolai Hartmann - 2019 - Berlin: De Gruyter.
    Translation of Nicolai Hartmann's _Zur Grundlegung der Ontologie_ (1935).
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  28. added 2024-06-19
    Conceptual Engineering is Old News.Krzysztof Sękowski & Ethan Landes - forthcoming - Philosophical Quarterly.
    According to a prevailing view, conceptual engineering introduces a revolutionary philosophical methodology, challenging traditional conceptual analysis. However, in our paper, we argue that closer scrutiny reveals not only the falsity but also the inherent ambiguity of this narrative. We explore four interpretations of the "Anti-Novelty Claim", the claim that conceptual engineering is not a new way of doing philosophy. Discussing the Anti-Novelty Claim from the perspective of a text’s producer, the text’s consumers, and the exegetical potential of the text, we (...)
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  29. added 2024-06-19
    Why the "Spotlight" Moves. A Moving Spotlight Theory of Time based on Emanuele Severino's 'La Gloria'.Marco Simionato - 2023 - Eternity and Contradiction. Journal of Fundamental Ontology 5 (8):138-158.
    The aim of this paper is to account for the (metaphorical) movement of the property of being present (or presentness) within the so-called Moving Spotlight Theory (MST). I will be leveraging the key argument by Emanuele Severino’s masterpiece, 'La Gloria' (2001), according to which it is impossible that a (maximal consistent) state of affairs begins to appear and lasts forever in our experience. After a brief overview of the MST’s main tenets (§1.1), I argue that Severino’s ontology might be interpreted (...)
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  30. added 2024-06-19
    Fregean Theories of Names from Fiction.Ben Caplan - 2021 - In Stephen Biggs and Heimir Geirsson (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Reference. Routledge. pp. 384–396.
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  31. added 2024-06-18
    Now You’re Talking My Language. Wittgenstein Reads the Cratylus.Samuel Pedziwiatr - 2024 - In Herbert Hrachovec & Jakub Mácha (eds.), Platonism: Proceedings of the 43rd International Wittgenstein Symposium. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 457-474.
    This paper critically examines Wittgenstein’s remarks on Cratylus in their Nachlass context. In the Big Typescript, Wittgenstein compares his conception of language with “what Socrates says” in the dialogue but provides only an indirect reference (434a). This presents an exegetical difficulty that is usually glossed over. What does Socrates say according to Wittgenstein? Based on a close study of MS 111, TS 211–213 and MS 114, I propose a literal interpretation of the remark. Wittgenstein uses Socrates’ mimetic theory of names (...)
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  32. added 2024-06-18
    Abortion and Public Policy: A Defense of “Naive” Rawlsianism.Nicholas Colgrove - 2024 - The Independent Review 29 (1).
    Steven Landsburg argues that from a legal perspective, “most abortions should be unrestricted.” This conclusion, he claims, follows from combining insights from Judith Jarvis Thomson (1971) with a “careful Rawlsian analysis,” where “Rawlsianism is the industry-standard approach” for settling conflicts like those that arise in debates over abortion policy. If correct, then “the right approach to policy questions” implies that abortion access should remain relatively open. Here, I argue that Landsburg has drawn from Rawlsian tools the wrong conclusion about abortion. (...)
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  33. added 2024-06-18
    The Dignity of Truth: Arendt on Lying and Truth-Telling in Politics.Samuel Ding - 2024 - Symposium 28 (1):175-198.
    In “History of the Lie: Prolegomena,” Derrida criticizes Arendt’s commitment to the “great resiliency” of factual truth against all lies in her essay “Truth and Politics,” claiming that she reintroduces a teleological account of history that clashes with her anti-totalitarian and anti-systematic thinking. By focussing on her understanding of truth-telling as action, this article shows that Arendt does not turn truth into a permanently stable ground for politics. Instead, Arendt’s theory of self-deception constitutes a lie capable of ending all truth. (...)
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  34. added 2024-06-18
    Transforming Artistic Practice: Collingwood, Adorno, and the Diseases of the Mind.Max Schaefer - 2024 - Human Affairs: Postdisciplinary Humanities and Social Sciences Quarterly 34 (3).
    This paper addresses the views of R.G. Collingwood and Theodor Adorno on the role of amusement and art in what each of them saw as the crisis of contemporary Western civilization. We will begin by showing how the aesthetic theories of Collingwood and Adorno develop out of their shared concerns about the harmful effects of amusement and bad art on the consciousness of human beings. We will argue that a productive dialogue between these two figures clarifies that the value of (...)
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  35. added 2024-06-18
    Nelson Goodman’s aesthetics – a critique.Krzysztof Guczalski - 2021 - Arts 10.
    Nelson Goodman (1906–1998) is one of the leading American philosophers of the twentieth century. His well-known book Languages of Art is considered a major contribution to analytical aesthetics. While his views on particular issues have often been criticized, on the whole, he is considered to be a leading figure in twentieth-century aesthetics. Contrary to such a stance, I intend to argue that Goodman’s overall contribution to aesthetics is not as outstanding and valuable as is often maintained. Rather, I will try (...)
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  36. added 2024-06-17
    The Normative Ethics of Gandhian Nonviolence.Jacob N. Bauer - 2013 - Ohiolink Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center.
    This thesis examines Mahatma Gandhi's ethical views on nonviolence from the perspective of contemporary philosophical ethics. Gandhian nonviolence is situated in the field of contemporary ethics by using the concepts and terminology from Shelly Kagan's work, Normative Ethics. Three questions are asked that classify and clarify Gandhian nonviolence. First, is nonviolence primarily instrumentally or intrinsically significant? This question is closely tied to the second, does Gandhian nonviolence belong to which type of ethical theory, consequentialism or deontology? And third, is nonviolence (...)
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  37. added 2024-06-16
    Good Reasons for Acting: Towards Human Flourishing.Giulia Codognato - forthcoming - Argumenta.
    The aim of this paper is to show that if and only if agents are motivated to act by good reasons for acting, they flourish, since, in so doing, they consciously act in accordance with their nature through virtuous actions. I offer an account of what good reasons for acting consist of reconsidering Aquinas’ natural inclinations. Based on a critical analysis of Anjum and Mumford’s work on dispositions in analytic metaphysics, I argue, contra Hume’s law, that Aquinas’ natural inclinations show (...)
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  38. added 2024-06-16
    Platonism: Proceedings of the 43rd International Wittgenstein Symposium.Herbert Hrachovec & Jakub Mácha (eds.) - 2024 - Berlin: De Gruyter.
    The clean separation between manifold phenomena and a systematic order that prevails in them is a basic feature of the rational-scientific orientation system. The first authoritative formulation of this premise is found in Plato. His discussion of constitutive forms of world events has initiated a broad development in the history of philosophy, which is also effective today in the preference for reason-guided analyses of often confusing circumstances. The authors of this volume address the lasting relevance of this idea within two (...)
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  39. added 2024-06-16
    Between Ethics and Politics: An Essay on Levinas’ Philosophy of Justice.Rossen Roussev - 2011 - Sofia Philosophical Review 4 (No. 2):83-110.
    This article discusses the non-foundational character of Lévinas’ concept of justice and its significance for the entire set of relations issuing from the ethical in all forms of discourse, culture, and politics. It is assembled along the observation that while in Lévinas’ philosophy justice serves to reinstate and legitimize these relations within the ethical proximity of the other, it remains all the same transposed within them without a fixed place. This lack of a fixed position for justice, which results from (...)
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  40. added 2024-06-15
    Becoming a Nepantla-Spider: Rethinking Interculturalism.Layla Y. Mayorga - 2024 - The Pluralist 19 (2):47-64.
    Gloria Anzaldúa’s unfinished poem, “Like a Spider in Her Web,” introduces envisioning a dream world within one’s refuge while simultaneously enmeshed in another realm’s dreamscape, epitomizing Nepantla as a threshold of interconnectedness. This paper, inspired by her poem, proposes the notion I call a “Nepantla-Spider process,” amalgamating Anzaldúa’s Nepantleras, Brian Burkhart’s locality, and José-Antonio Orosco’s pragmatic interculturalism framework. I argue that a Nepantla-Spider process facilitates an expanded understanding of interculturalism that includes the non-living, animals, and the Land as requirements for (...)
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  41. added 2024-06-14
    Columbia Naturalism and the Analytic Turn: Eclipse or Synthesis?Sander Verhaegh - forthcoming - In American Philosophy and the Intellectual Migration: Pragmatism, Logical Empiricism, Phenomenology, Critical Theory. Berlin: De Gruyter.
    Historical reconstructions of the effects of the intellectual migration are typically informed by one of two conflicting narratives. Some scholars argue that refugee philosophers, in particular the logical positivists, contributed to the demise of distinctly American schools of thought. Others reject this ‘eclipse view’ and argue that postwar analytic philosophy can best be characterized as a synthesis of American and positivist views. This paper studies the fate of one of the most influential schools of U.S. philosophy—Columbia naturalism—and argues that both (...)
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  42. added 2024-06-14
    Introduction: American Philosophy and the Intellectual Migration.Sander Verhaegh - forthcoming - In American Philosophy and the Intellectual Migration: Pragmatism, Logical Empiricism, Phenomenology, Critical Theory. Berlin: De Gruyter.
  43. added 2024-06-13
    John Stuart Mill and John Dewey: Individuality, Emotions, and Society.Andrea Fiore - 2024 - Salesianum 86 (2):348-357.
    This paper aims to contribute to the present philosophical debate on the emotions, connecting John Stuart Mill and John Dewey. Despite the different historical and theoretical- epistemological background, their deep interest in democracy is an important point of contact between them. Particularly, for both the thinkers the affective and aesthetic sphere has a pivotal role in the development of the individual in a democratic society. The discourse firstly illustrates Dewey’s criticisms of Mill’s notion of individuality; it then briefly shows the (...)
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  44. added 2024-06-12
    The Open-Question Argument and Objectivist Epistemology.J. Ponce - manuscript
    The open-question argument (OQA) is an argument in meta-ethics that is used against ethical naturalism, the thesis that moral properties are identical to natural properties. This argument has been rightfully criticized, and one notable criticism is that it overlooks the sense-reference distinction, viz. the distinction between the concept that a term refers to and the sense in which it is being used. Ayn Rand's Objectivism rejects the sense-reference distinction, and this paper will present an argument that uses the OQA to (...)
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  45. added 2024-06-12
    Auto-afección y animación en la fenomenología de Edmund Husserl.Jhon Acuña - 2024 - Bogotá, Colombia: Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Centro editorial FCH.
    Due to the reflective character of phenomenological approach (because consciousness inquires for itself as an object) the question related to the most basic self-experience that precedes any reflection and makes it possible acquires main importance to the phenomenology. The search of this experience throws us to a terrain to transit and with visible importance to Husserl: The passive dimension of consciousness. In that encounter, appears the phenomenon of self-affection as a sphere of experience worthy of been explored and described. This (...)
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  46. added 2024-06-12
    How to Defend the Law of Non-Contradiction without Incurring the Dialetheist’s Charge of (Viciously) Begging the Question.Marco Simionato - 2024 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 31 (2):141-182.
    According to some critics, Aristotle’s elenctic defence (elenchos, elenchus) of the Law of Non-Contradiction (Metaphysics IV) would be ineffective because it viciously begs the question. After briefly recalling the elenctic refutation of the denier of the Law of Non-Contradiction, I will first focus on Filippo Costantini’s objection to the elenchus, which, in turn, is based on the dialetheic account of negation developed by Graham Priest. Then, I will argue that there is at least one reading of the elenchus that might (...)
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  47. added 2024-06-11
    La Universidad en España y en el pensamiento español.Jordi Girau Reverter, David Torrijos Castrillejo & Rosario Neuman Lorenzini (eds.) - 2024 - Madrid: Sindéresis / Ediciones Universidad San Dámaso.
    This book is the result of the last few years of study by the research group of the San Dámaso University ‘Thinking a University for the 21st century’, which had already published a book with the same title in this publishing house. This new work brings together different experts on the Spanish university and Spanish philosophy in the 20th century. Firstly, this work offers a look at the history of the university in our country from the Renaissance to the present (...)
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  48. added 2024-06-10
    Dramatization and Poeticization: Deleuze and the Poeticity of Metaphysics.Movahedi Hamed - forthcoming - Philosophy Today.
    In Difference and Repetition, Deleuze evokes dramatization when he suggests that intensities must dramatize the Ideas to condition their actualization. This allusion to an artistic category, in the midst of his metaphysical inquiry, has remained obscure, and despite its cruciality, it is not clear why he appeals to dramatization to explain any actualization and not solely the artistic actualization. This essay attempts to elucidate this ambiguity, by foregrounding a zone of torsional continuity, wherein intensity encounters the Idea and expresses it (...)
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  49. added 2024-06-08
    Functional completeness and primitive positive decomposition of relations on finite domains.Sergiy Koshkin - 2024 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 32.
    We give a new and elementary construction of primitive positive decomposition of higher arity relations into binary relations on finite domains. Such decompositions come up in applications to constraint satisfaction problems, clone theory and relational databases. The construction exploits functional completeness of 2-input functions in many-valued logic by interpreting relations as graphs of partially defined multivalued ‘functions’. The ‘functions’ are then composed from ordinary functions in the usual sense. The construction is computationally effective and relies on well-developed methods of functional (...)
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  50. added 2024-06-08
    Martin Heidegger as Interrogator: The Final Paradigm.Daniel Fidel Ferrer - 2023 - Verden: Kuhn von Verden Verlag..
    Martin Heidegger as Interrogator: The Final Paradigm By Daniel Fidel Ferrer. Copyright©2024 Daniel Fidel Ferrer. All rights reserved. Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs CC BY-NC-ND. Imprint 1.0. 2024. All Rights are reserved. Intended copies of this work can be used for research and teaching. No change in the content and must include my full name, Daniel Fidel Ferrer. Enjoying reading and disagreeing. Publisher: Kuhn von Verden Verlag. Language: English and German. Includes bibliographical references and an index. Pages 1-316. Index total pages is 524. Ontology. (...)
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