20th Century Philosophy

Edited by James Chase and Jack Alan Reynolds
Assistant editor: Michael Versteeg (University of Western Ontario)
300 found
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  1. added 2022-01-21
    Bilimde Sınır Çizme Problemi: Popper, Lakatos, Kuhn ve Sonrası.Alper Bilgehan Yardımcı - 2018 - Dissertation,
    Bilimin ne olduğunun belirlenmesi ve bu bağlamda bilimin sözde bilim ya da bilimsel olmayan alanlara ilişkin sınırının nasıl çizileceği tartışması, bilim felsefesinde sınır çizme problemi olarak ele alınmaktadır. Çalışmanın ana konusunu oluşturan bu problem, özellikle yirminci yüzyıldan itibaren, bilim felsefecileri tarafından birçok ölçüt ortaya konularak çözümlenmeye çalışılmıştır. Bu ölçütler genellikle, bilim ile sözde bilim arasındaki sınırı belirlemek amacıyla, bilimi mantık ve mantıksal önermeler üzerinden değerlendirmektedir. Şu ana kadar Viyana Çevresi, Popper, Kuhn, Lakatos gibi filozoflarca ortaya konulan ölçütler, nihai olarak problemi (...)
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  2. added 2022-01-20
    Em Que Medida Wittgenstein Seria Fundacionista?Hugo Ribeiro Mota - 2021 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 12 (2):e02.
    Sobre a Certeza de Ludwig Wittgenstein carrega considerações importantes sobre como justificamos nosso conhecimento. Em particular, a obra nos apresenta às assim chamadas hinge propositions. Diante da multiplicidade de interpretações desse conceito, encontramos de maneira pervasiva a discussão sobre se elas implicariam em um fundacionismo. Se as ideias presentes nos trabalhos da fase madura de Wittgenstein são comumente consideradas anti-fundacionistas, então por que esse não seria o caso também em Sobre a Certeza? Por um lado, autores como Stroll compreendem que (...)
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  3. added 2022-01-20
    Subjetividade No Segundo Wittgenstein.João Henrique Lima Almeida - 2021 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 12 (2):e03.
    Este escrito contém a crítica de noções tradicionais de subjetividade realizada pelo assim chamado Segundo Wittgenstein, cujo pensamento se expressa principalmente nas Investigações Filosóficas. Como o próprio Wittgenstein recomenda, as passagens de seu segundo pensamento serão confrontadas às suas primeiras formulações sobre o “sujeito”, que tinham relação íntima com a noção de sujeito em Schopenhauer. Após abordarmos brevemente a concepção de sujeito no Tractatus, apresentaremos três aspectos da crítica wittgensteiniana da subjetividade a partir de suas Investigações. Após isso, comentaremos duas (...)
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  4. added 2022-01-19
    Frege's Theorem and Mathematical Cognition.Lieven Decock - 2022 - In Francesca Boccuni & Andrea Sereni (eds.), Origins and Varieties of Logicism: On the Logico-Philosophical Foundations of Logicism. New York: Routledge. pp. 372-394.
  5. added 2022-01-19
    Defending Rawls on the Self: A Response to the Communitarian Critique.Bernard Matolino - unknown
    Thesis -University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 2005.
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  6. added 2022-01-18
    A Forgotten Logical Expressivist: Strawson's Philosophy of Logic and its Challenges.Sybren Heyndels - forthcoming - Synthese.
    P.F. Strawson contributed to many philosophical domains, including the philosophy of language, the history of philosophy, metaphysics, moral philosophy and philosophical methodology. Most of his contributions in these areas have influenced contemporary debates, either because his views are still defended or because they are still considered worthy of detailed responses. His views on the philosophy of logic have been only rarely discussed, however. My aim in this paper is threefold. First, I provide a systematic account of Strawson’s philosophy of logic. (...)
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  7. added 2022-01-18
    Philosophical Naturalism and Empirical Approaches to Philosophy.Jonathan Y. Tsou - forthcoming - In Marcus Rossberg (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Analytic Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    This chapter examines the influence of the empirical sciences (e.g., physics, biology, psychology) in contemporary analytic philosophy, with focus on philosophical theories that are guided by findings from the empirical sciences. Scientific approaches to philosophy follow a tradition of philosophical naturalism associated with Quine, which strives to ally philosophical methods and theories more closely with the empirical sciences and away from a priori theorizing and conceptual analysis.
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  8. added 2022-01-18
    The Five Characters at Essay’s End: Re-Examining Anscombe’s “Modern Moral Philosophy”.Alex Plato & Jonathan Reibsamen - 2022 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 96 (1):81-111.
    Anscombe ends her seminal 1958 essay “Modern Moral Philosophy” with a presentation of five characters, each answering an ancient question as to “whether one might ever need to commit injustice, or whether it won’t be the best thing to do?” Her fifth character is the execrated consequentialist who “shows a corrupt mind.” But who are the first four characters? Do they “show a mind”? And what precisely is the significance of her presenting those five just then? In this paper, we (...)
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  9. added 2022-01-18
    Einstein Vs. Bergson: An Enduring Quarrel on Time.Alessandra Campo & Simone Gozzano (eds.) - 2021 - De Gruyter.
    This book brings together papers from a conference that took place in the city of L'Aquila, 4–6 April 2019, to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the earthquake that struck on 6 April 2009. Philosophers and scientists from diverse fields of research debated the problem that, on 6 April 1922, divided Einstein and Bergson: the nature of time. For Einstein, scientific time is the only time that matters and the only time we can rely on. Bergson, however, believes that scientific time (...)
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  10. added 2022-01-18
    On Philosophy and Philosophers by Richard Rorty. [REVIEW]Daniel C. Dennett - 2021 - Philosophy Now 147:52-53.
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  11. added 2022-01-18
    San Agustín y Bergson.Angel Benito Y. Durán - 1969 - Augustinus 14 (53-54):95-134.
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  12. added 2022-01-16
    Against Fregean Quantification.Bryan Pickel & Brian Rabern - forthcoming - Ergo.
    There are two dominant approaches to quantification: the Fregean and the Tarskian. While the Tarskian approach is standard and familiar, deep conceptual objections have been pressed against its employment of variables as genuine syntactic and semantic units. Because they do not explicitly rely on variables, Fregean approaches are held to avoid these worries. The apparent result is that the Fregean can deliver something that the Tarskian is unable to, namely a compositional semantic treatment of quantification centered on truth and reference. (...)
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  13. added 2022-01-16
    Dewey and the Given.Jim Garrison - 2022 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 57 (3):353-373.
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  14. added 2022-01-16
    Calculus as Method or Calculus as Rules? Boole and Frege on the Aims of a Logical Calculus.Dirk Schlimm & David Waszek - 2021 - Synthese 199 (5-6):11913-11943.
    By way of a close reading of Boole and Frege’s solutions to the same logical problem, we highlight an underappreciated aspect of Boole’s work—and of its difference with Frege’s better-known approach—which we believe sheds light on the concepts of ‘calculus’ and ‘mechanization’ and on their history. Boole has a clear notion of a logical problem; for him, the whole point of a logical calculus is to enable systematic and goal-directed solution methods for such problems. Frege’s Begriffsschrift, on the other hand, (...)
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  15. added 2022-01-16
    Mind, Meaning and Mathematics: Essays on the Philosophical Views of Husserl and Frege.Leila Haaparanta (ed.) - 1994 - Dordrecht and Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    At the turn of the century, Gottlob Frege and Edmund Husserl both participated in the discussion concerning the foundations of logic and mathematics. Since the 1960s, comparisons have been made between Frege's semantic views and Husserl's theory of intentional acts. In quite recent years, new approaches to the two philosophers' views have appeared. This collection of articles opens with the first English translation of Dagfinn Føllesdal's early classic on Husserl and Frege of 1958. The book brings together a number of (...)
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  16. added 2022-01-14
    Heidegger on Anxiety in the Face of Death—An Analysis and Extension.Mehrzad A. Moin - 2021 - Southwest Philosophy Review 37 (2):131-147.
    A significant portion of the secondary literature on Martin Heidegger’s Being and Time has focused on interpreting his formal conceptions of death and anxiety. Unlike these previous works, this essay will serve to fill a gap in the Heideggerian portrayal of death. Although he argues that Dasein is anxious about death at a fundamental level and that it proximally and for the most part covers up such anxiety, Heidegger does not provide ontic evidence in support of his claim, instead opting (...)
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  17. added 2022-01-14
    THOMAS KUHN’UN FELSEFESİ ve TÜRKİYE’YE YANSIMALARI.Rabia Karaköse - 2020 - Dissertation, ANKARA YILDIRIM BEYAZIT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
    This study investigates Thomas Kuhn’s philosophy that had broad influence in philosophy of science by his book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, and the contributions of his philosophy to Turkish philosophical literature. Kuhnian part of the picture of science debates brings to light considering the works done in Turkey upon the philosophy of Kuhn. In the first part of the thesis, T. Kuhn's life and works are mentioned. The second part focuses on Kuhn's philosophy of science and the concept of (...)
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  18. added 2022-01-13
    Doing History in the Original Position.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    An objection to John Rawls’s original position is that it faces a problem of inconsistent features: the individuals in this hypothetical situation are not supposed to know where they are in history, but they have knowledge of general social science, from which they can infer at which point in time they are. In this paper, I consider two solutions. One of these solutions depends on extending a solution to another well-known objection: that readers cannot imagine lacking the knowledge that these (...)
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  19. added 2022-01-13
    Political Philosophy, Political Theory, and the Analytic-Continental Divide.Andreas Vrahimis - 2022 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 1.
    A Critical Notice of: Across the Great Divide: Between Analytic and Continental Political Theory, by Jeremy Arnold, Stanford University Press, 2020, 232 pp., $29.52 (paperback), ISBN 9781503612150.
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  20. added 2022-01-13
    Kuram Seçimi, Eksik Belirlenim ve Thomas Kuhn.Alper Bilgehan Yardımcı - 2021 - Londra, Birleşik Krallık: Ijopec Publication.
    One of the main purposes of science is to explain natural phenomena by increasing our understanding of the physical world and to make predictions about the future based on these explanations. In this context, scientific theories can be defined as large-scale explanations of phenomena. In the historical process, scientists have made various choices among the theories they encounter at the point of solving the problems related to their fields of study. This process, which can be called ‘theory choice’, is one (...)
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  21. added 2022-01-12
    Excuses, Exemptions, and the Challenges to Social Naturalism.Sybren Heyndels - forthcoming - International Journal of Philosophical Studies:1-14.
    Pamela Hieronymi has authored a very insightful book that focuses on one of the most influential articles in 20th century philosophy: P. F. Strawson’s ‘Freedom and Resentment’ (1962). Hieronymi’s principal objective in Freedom, Resentment, and the Metaphysics of Morals is to reconstruct and evaluate the central argumentative strategy in Strawson’s essay. The author’s aim is ‘to show that it can withstand the objections that are both the most obvious and the most serious, leaving it a worthy contender’ (3). In the (...)
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  22. added 2022-01-12
    Taking Frege at His Word, by Joan Weiner. [REVIEW]Junyeol Kim - forthcoming - Mind.
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  23. added 2022-01-12
    Wittgenstein's On Certainty: Insight and Method.Robert Greenleaf Brice - 2022 - Springer.
    In On Certainty, the important, but to many readers obscure, twentieth century Austrian philosopher, Ludwig Wittgenstein, provides not only a brilliant solution to a previously intractable philosophical problem, but also the elements of an entirely new way of approaching this and similar longstanding, apparently un-resolvable, problems. In these notes he re-conceives the problem of radical skepticism–the claim that we can never really be certain of anything except the contents of our own minds–as a kind of philosophical “disease” of thought. His (...)
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  24. added 2022-01-12
    KUHN’U ANLAŞILIR KILMAK: BİLİMİN İLERLEME TARZI HAKKINDA DAHA ÖNCE ELE ALINANLARDAN FARKLI BİR SIRALAMAYA ULAŞMAK MÜMKÜN MÜ?Ekin Akdeniz - 2020 - International Journal Entrepreneurship and Management Inquiries 4 (1):199-208.
    “Bilimsel Devrimlerin Yapısı” adlı kitabıyla Thomas Kuhn'un bilim felsefesi çalışmalarında yeni bir çığır açtığı bilinmektedir (Öztürk, 2012: 171). Bu çalışma, Kuhn’un “Bilimsel Devrimlerin Yapısı (The Structure of Scientific Revolutions)” adlı eseri başta olmak üzere, bu eser üzerine yapılan çeşitli çalışmalar referans alınarak sunulmaktadır. Tüm bu çalışmalarda bilimin ilerleme tarzının ele alındığı, fakat bilimin ilerleme tarzı hakkında farklı sıralamaların yer aldığı görülmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, bilimin ilerleme tarzı hakkında daha önce ele alınanlardan farklı bir sıralama sunmaktır. Ulaşılan bu farklı sıralama ile (...)
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  25. added 2022-01-12
    Tatsache, Wert und menschliche Sensibilität: Die Brentanoschule und die Gestaltpsychologie.Íngrid Vendrell-Ferran - 2014 - In Marta Ubiali & Maren Wehrle (eds.), Feeling and Value, Willing and Action. pp. 141 - 162.
    In diesem Aufsatz werden die Fragen nach dem Ort der Werte in der Erfahrung und nach ihrer Natur als Qualität besonderer Art anhand von Ansätzen der Brentanoschule und der Gestaltpsychologie untersucht. Konkret geht es darum, diejenigen Positionen innerhalb dieser Schulen zu analysieren, welche die Werte sowohl in Abhängigkeit von den Eigenschaften des Objektes, an dem diese haften, als auch von der psychophysischen Konstitution des Subjektes, welche sich auf Werte bezieht, verstehen. Brentanos Dispositionalismus, Meinongs erste und zweite dispositionalistische Theorie der Werte (...)
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  26. added 2022-01-11
    ‘A Formula Which I Derived Many Years Ago’ Boole, Reichenbach and Popper on Probability and Conditionals.Hans Rott - forthcoming - History and Philosophy of Logic:1-8.
    This note presents a very brief history of the observation that the probability of the material conditional A⊃B is in general different from, but cannot be less than, the conditional probability of...
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  27. added 2022-01-11
    “Standing Behind Your Phrase”: Arendt and Jaspers on the (Post-)Metaphysics of Evil.Carmen Lea Dege - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory.
    This article turns to Hannah Arendt's Eichmann in Jerusalem in order to illustrate the difficulties involved in approaching the metaphysical concept of evil as a secular phenomenon. It a...
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  28. added 2022-01-11
    Hannah Arendt e Sócrates sobre a educação: uma proposta de aproximação dos pensamentos para a crise no sistema educacional moderno.Diego Dantas - 2021 - IF-Sophia 22.
    Hannah Arendt é o tipo de filósofa que pode ser chamada de versátil, devido às diferentes áreas sobre as quais ela se debruça, além de reivindicar para si não o título de filósofa, mas de teórica política. Dentro desse percurso, de pensar uma Teoria política, Arendt trata de um dos assuntos mais relevantes em seus escritos e revela sua preocupação em oferecer para o mundo uma geração de novos seres humanos, capazes de pensar de maneira crítica e refrear o mal. (...)
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  29. added 2022-01-11
    Wittgenstein and the Sceptical Tradition.António Marques & Bertrand Romão (eds.) - 2020 - Peter Lang.
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  30. added 2022-01-11
    Testing Pragmatic Genealogy in Political Theory: The Curious Case of John Rawls.Francesco Testini - 2020 - European Journal of Political Theory.
    Starting from the ‘Dewey Lectures’, Rawls presents his conception of justice within a contextualist framework, as an elaboration of the basic ideas embedded in the political culture of liberal-demo...
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  31. added 2022-01-11
    Wittgenstein sobre Ética.António Marques & Susana Cadilha (eds.) - 2019 - Universidade Nova de Lisboa.
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  32. added 2022-01-10
    Ruth Barcan Marcus and Quantified Modal Logic.Frederique Janssen-Lauret - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-31.
    Analytic philosophy in the mid-twentieth century underwent a major change of direction when a prior consensus in favour of extensionalism and descriptivism made way for approaches using direct reference, the necessity of identity, and modal logic. All three were first defended, in the analytic tradition, by one woman, Ruth Barcan Marcus. But analytic philosophers now tend to credit them to Kripke, or Kripke and Carnap. I argue that seeing Barcan Marcus in her historical context – one dominated by extensionalism and (...)
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  33. added 2022-01-10
    The Genealogy of ‘∨’.Landon D. C. Elkind & Richard Zach - forthcoming - Review of Symbolic Logic.
    The use of the symbol ∨ for disjunction in formal logic is ubiquitous. Where did it come from? The paper details the evolution of the symbol ∨ in its historical and logical context. Some sources say that disjunction in its use as connecting propositions or formulas was introduced by Peano; others suggest that it originated as an abbreviation of the Latin word for “or”, vel. We show that the origin of the symbol ∨ for disjunction can be traced to Whitehead (...)
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  34. added 2022-01-10
    The British Aesthetic Tradition. From Shaftesbury to Wittgenstein by Timothy M. Costelloe. [REVIEW]Endre Szécsényi - 2014 - Canadian Journal of History 49:508-510.
    A review of T. M. Costelloe's "The British Aesthetic Tradition. From Shaftesbury to Wittgenstein" (CUP, 2013).
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  35. added 2022-01-10
    Remarks on Hannah Arendt’s Political Phenomenology.Endre Szécsényi - 2008 - In Ludger Hagedorn and Michael Staudigl (ed.), Über Zivilisation und Differenz: Beiträge zu einer politischen Phänomenologie Europas. Würzburg, Germany: pp. 263-275.
    A paper on Hannah Arendt’s lifelong project of the establishment of “a phenomenology with human plurality and human interaction as its focal point", with critical reflections upon her insights concerning the emergence of "the social" in the mirror of some eighteenth-century theories of human sociability.
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  36. added 2022-01-09
    Kripke's Wittgenstein.Ali Hossein Khani & Tim Thornton - forthcoming - In Gary N. Kemp & Ali Hossein Khani (eds.), Wittgenstein and Other Philosophers (Volume I). Routledge.
  37. added 2022-01-09
    Justiça e libertação: A Tribute to John Rawls.Nythamar De Oliveira - 2021 - Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil: Editora Fundacao Fenix.
    This work, entitled “Justice and Liberation: A Tribute to John Rawls”, brings together 25 works in Portuguese, Spanish and English presented at the 9th International Symposium on Justice. The articles bring contributions around three major themes: i) analyzes and interpretations of concepts in Rawls' work, such as constructivism, democracy, education, the inclusion of people with disabilities, issues related to genetic inequalities, the environment, public reason, and the role of reconciliation; ii) analysis of criticisms directed at Rawls by Dupuy, Dussel, Fraser, (...)
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  38. added 2022-01-08
    From Analytic Pragmatism to Historical Materialism: Frankfurt School Critical Theory and the Quine-Duhem Thesis.Jacob McNulty - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  39. added 2022-01-08
    Margaret MacDonald and Gilbert Ryle: A Philosophical Friendship.Michael Kremer - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-24.
    This article considers the personal and philosophical relationship between two philosophers, Margaret MacDonald and Gilbert Ryle. I show that a letter from MacDonald to Ryle found at Linacre Colleg...
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  40. added 2022-01-08
    Bergson and the Kantian Concept of Intensive Magnitude.Florian Vermeiren - 2021 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 53 (1):91-104.
    Bergson’s critique of intensive magnitude in Time and Free Will mainly targets Kant’s “Anticipations of Perception”, in which the Kantian distinction between matter and form is lowered. Bergson pra...
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  41. added 2022-01-08
    Heidegger'de Sanat Eserinin Yeri: Sanal Müzeler Çağında Sanat ve Mekan.Onur Karamercan - 2021 - In Aysun Gür (ed.), Sanat Eserlerine Heidegger’le Bakmak: Dünya, Yeryüzü, Zaman, Mekân. Bursa: Sentez Yayıncılık. pp. 50-76.
    Onur Karamercan, Heidegger'de Sanat Eserinin Yeri: Sanal Müzeler Çağında Sanat ve Mekân adlı yazısında, iki yıldır yaşamakta olduğumuz salgınla birlikte çok daha sık biçimde görülmeye başlayan “sanal müze” veya “elektronik müze” uygulamalarına yakından bakar. Dünyanın en meşhur müzelerinin ve sanat galerilerinin sanatsal ve kültürel etkinliklerden mahrum kalmak istemeyen ziyaretçilerine "kapılarını" elektronik ortamda açtığı ve birçok müzenin de koleksiyonlarını tamamen ya da kısmen dijitalleştirdiği bu ortamda, şu iki soruyu yanıtlamayı amaçlar: 1) Bir mekân olarak bir müzeyi uzaktan ziyaret etmek ve bir (...)
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  42. added 2022-01-08
    A Bergsonian Response to McTaggart's Paradox.Matyas Moravec - 2021 - In Yaron Wolf & Mark Sinclair (eds.), Bergsonian Mind. New York and Abingdon: pp. 417-31.
    This paper provides a Bergsonian response to J.M.E. McTaggart’s argument for the unreality of time. McTaggart’s argument has been used as the primary framework for analytic discussions about time for over a hundred years. McTaggart argued that all events in time can be categorised in two ways: either using the A-series (whereby all events are ‘past,’ ‘present,’ or ‘future’) or the B-series (whereby two events are linked by the relation of ‘earlier’ and ‘later’). He argued that the A-series is contradictory (...)
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  43. added 2022-01-08
    A. N. Whitehead and Social Theory.Michael Halewood - 2012 - Anthem Press.
    This book outlines A.N. Whitehead’s philosophy of process and uses it to re-orient a range of topics within social theory, namely: The relation of language and the body; sexual difference and conceptions of nature; the question of realism; the concept of the social; and capitalism as process.
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  44. added 2022-01-07
    Paradigm Shift: A ‘Strange’ Case of a Scientific Revolution.Brendan Shea - 2018 - In W. Irwin & White M. (eds.), Dr. Strange and Philosophy: The Other Book of Forbidden Knowledge. The Blackwell Series in Popular Culture and Philosophy. Hoboken: Wiley. pp. 139-150.
    Dr. Strange sees Dr. Stephen Strange abandon his once-promising medical career to become a superhero with the ability to warp time and space, and to travel through various dimensions. In order to make this transition, he is required to abandon many of his previous assumptions about the way the world works and learn to see things in a new way. Importantly, this is not merely a matter of learning a few facts, or of mastering new techniques. Instead, Dr. Strange is (...)
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  45. added 2022-01-06
    Frege, Sentence-Questions, Questions, and Thoughts: A Dialogue.Nathan William Davies - manuscript
    In the last forty years Dummett, Hanks, Künne, and Bobzien have claimed that when Frege wrote ‘Über Sinn und Bedeutung’, he thought that the sense of a sentence-question [Satzfrage] was not a thought [Gedanke] ((Dummett 1981: 307–308); (Hanks 2007: 142–143); (Künne 2010: 427–429); (Bobzien 2021: 163–164)). Recently, Textor has claimed that when Frege wrote ‘Über Sinn und Bedeutung’, he thought that the sense of a sentence-question was not a question [Frage] (Textor 2021: 227 fn.2). I think it is possible that (...)
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  46. added 2022-01-06
    Investigating “Man’s Relation to Reality”: Peter Winch, the Vanishing Shed and Metaphysics After Wittgenstein.Olli Lagerspetz - forthcoming - Philosophical Investigations.
    Philosophical Investigations, EarlyView.
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  47. added 2022-01-06
    Sellars on compatibilism and the consequence argument.Jeremy Randel Koons - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-29.
    No contemporary compatibilist account of free will can be complete unless it engages with the consequence argument. I will argue that Wilfrid Sellars offered an ingenious version of compatibilism that can be used to refute the consequence argument. Unfortunately, owing to the opacity of Sellars’s writings on free will, his solution has been neglected. I will reconstruct his view here, demonstrating how it represents a powerful challenge to the consequence argument and tying it to some recent developments in the compatibilist (...)
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  48. added 2022-01-06
    Nicolas de Condorcet as a Forerunner of John Rawls.Sven Ove Hansson - 2022 - History of European Ideas 48 (1):97-111.
    ABSTRACT John Rawls proposed two criteria for the delimitation of acceptable inequalities. The universal gain principle requires inequalities to be beneficial for all, and the difference principle requires them to be beneficial for the least advantaged. These principles are commonly believed to have originated in Rawls’s work, but they were both clearly expressed in the writings of Nicolas de Condorcet. Contrary to Rawls, Condorcet did not imbed them in the framework of a social contract, but instead sought their foundations in (...)
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  49. added 2022-01-06
    Carnap, Quine, and the Humean Condition.Sean Morris - 2021 - Synthese 199 (5-6):13283-13312.
    In his “Epistemology Naturalized,” Quine embraces a form of Humeanism. In this paper, I try to work out the significance of this Humeanism. In particular, I argue that it represents an anti-metaphysical position that Quine shares with Carnap. Crucial to my account is that contrary to much contemporary thinking on metaphysics, Carnap, and Quine following him, recognize both an ontological and an epistemological sense of metaphysics. As commentators have frequently acknowledged, Carnap and Quine disagree over rejecting metaphysics in the ontological (...)
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  50. added 2022-01-06
    The Cosmological Divergent Proliferation in Feyerabend's Pluralism.Deivide Garcia da Silva Oliveira - 2021 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 25 (3).
    In this paper, I argue that Feyerabendian proliferation is best understood as cosmologically divergent proliferation. The divergent aspect is inspired by a Darwinian background, and it affects other elements of Feyerabend’s philosophy, as much as the way his pluralism advances, like the cosmological dimension. This cosmological item influences not only how theories should proliferate - divergently - but also why they must be tenaciously retained and compared. On this account, we underline Feyerabend’s view that the principle of proliferation is never (...)
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