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  1. The Significance of a Wish.Felicia Ackerman - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (4):27-29.
  2. Views of Patients with Heart Failure About Their Role in the Decision to Start Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Treatment: Prescription Rather Than Participation.A. Agard, R. Lofmark, N. Edvardsson & I. Ekman - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (9):514-518.
    Background: There is a shortage of reports on what potential recipients of implantable cardioverter–defibrillators need to be informed about and what role they can and want to play in the decision-making process when it comes to whether or not to implant an ICD.Aims: To explore how patients with heart failure and previous episodes of malignant arrhythmia experience and view their role in the decision to initiate ICD treatment.Patients and methods: A qualitative content analysis of semistructured interviews was used. The study (...)
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  3. Family Consent, Communication, and Advance Directives for Cancer Disclosure: A Japanese Case and Discussion.A. Akabayashi, M. D. Fetters & T. S. Elwyn - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):296-301.
    The dilemma of whether and how to disclose a diagnosis of cancer or of any other terminal illness continues to be a subject of worldwide interest. We present the case of a 62-year-old Japanese woman afflicted with advanced gall bladder cancer who had previously expressed a preference not to be told a diagnosis of cancer. The treating physician revealed the diagnosis to the family first, and then told the patient: "You don't have any cancer yet, but if we don't treat (...)
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  4. Perspectives on Advance Directives in Japanese Society: A Population-Based Questionnaire Survey. [REVIEW]Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Ichiro Kai - 2003 - BMC Medical Ethics 4 (1):1-9.
    Background In Japan, discussion concerning advance directives (ADs) has been on the rise during the past decade. ADs are one method proposed to facilitate the process of communication among patients, families and health care providers regarding the plan of care of a patient who is no longer capable of communicating. In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan. Method A self-administered questionnaire was sent (...)
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  5. When Any Answer Is a Good Answer: A Mandated-Choice Model for Advance Directives.Jacob Appel - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (3):417-421.
    Approximately one in three American adults has executed a living will or healthcare declaration stating personal preferences regarding medical treatment in the event that he or she becomes terminally ill and unable to communicate. This figure stands in striking contrast to the 90% of Americans who, when asked, express specific wishes regarding their choice of care under such circumstances. Congress attempted to increase the number of Americans with advance directives when it passed the Patient Self Determination Act in 1990, billed (...)
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  6. Advance Directives Under State Law and Judicial Decisions.Judith Areen - 1991 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 19 (1-2):91-100.
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  7. Ethics of Translation: Molst and Electronic Advance Directives.Julie M. Aultman - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):30 – 32.
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  8. (In)Valid Consent of Advance Directives.S. G. Barber - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (6):549-550.
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  9. L'éthique et les professions de la santé [Ethics and the healthcare professionals].Rosangela Barcaro - 2014 - Arc En Ciel. La Revue de Nouveaux Droits de L’Homme (73):10.
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  10. A proposito del diritto di morire [On the right to die debate].Rosangela Barcaro - 1996 - Bioetica 4 (3):499-510.
    Analisi dei significati della locuzione "diritto di morire" nelle sue accezioni di diritto di porre termine alla propria vita e diritto di ricevere assistenza ed accompagnamento alla morte.
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  11. What About Process? Limitations in Advance Directives, Care Planning, and Noncapacitated Decision Making.Jeffrey T. Berger - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):33 – 34.
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  12. Advance Directives for Non-Therapeutic Dementia Research: Some Ethical and Policy Considerations.R. L. Berghmans - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (1):32-37.
    This paper explores the use of advance directives in clinical dementia research. The focus is on advance consent to participation of demented patients in non-therapeutic research involving more than minimal risks and/or burdens. First, morally relevant differences between advance directives for treatment and care, and advance directives for dementia research are discussed. Then attention is paid to the philosophical issue of dementia and personal identity, and the implications for the moral authority of research advance directives. Thirdly, a number of practical (...)
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  13. Review of Planning for Uncertainty: Living Wills and Other Advance Directives for You and Your Family , 2nd Edition by David John Doukas, M.D., and William Reichel, M.D. [REVIEW]Ellen W. Bernal - 2008 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3 (1):1-3.
    Advance directives are useful ways to express one's wishes about end of life care, but even now most people have not completed one of the documents. David Doukas and William Reichel strongly encourage planning for end of life care. Although Planning for Uncertainty is at times fairly abstract for the general reader, it does provide useful background and practical steps.
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  14. End-of-Life Care in the 21st Century: Advance Directives in Universal Rights Discourse.Violeta Beširević - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (3):105-112.
    ABSTRACTThis article explores universal normative bases that could help to shape a workable legal construct that would facilitate a global use of advance directives. Although I believe that advance directives are of universal character, my primary aim in approaching this issue is to remain realistic. I will make three claims. First, I will argue that the principles of autonomy, dignity and informed consent, embodied in the Oviedo Convention and the UNESCO Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, could arguably be regarded (...)
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  15. The Attitude of Canadian Nurses Towards Advance Directives.D. Blondeau, M. Lavoie, P. Valois, E. W. Keyserlingk, M. Hebert & I. Martineau - 2000 - Nursing Ethics 7 (5):399-411.
    This article seeks to shed light on the beliefs that influence nurses’ intention of respecting or not respecting an advance directive document, namely a living will or a durable power of attorney. Nurses’ beliefs were measured using a 44-statement questionnaire. The sample was made up of 306 nurses working either in a long-term care centre or in a hospital centre offering general and specialized care in the province of Québec. The results indicate that nurses have a strong intention of complying (...)
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  16. Comparison of Patients' and Health Care Professionals' Attitudes Towards Advance Directives.D. Blondeau, P. Valois, E. W. Keyserlingk, M. Hebert & M. Lavoie - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (5):328-335.
    OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify and compare the attitudes of patients and health care professionals towards advance directives. Advance directives promote recognition of the patient's autonomy, letting the individual exercise a certain measure of control over life-sustaining care and treatment in the eventuality of becoming incompetent. DESIGN: Attitudes to advance directives were evaluated using a 44-item self-reported questionnaire. It yields an overall score as well as five factor scores: autonomy, beneficence, justice, external norms, and the affective dimension. SETTING: (...)
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  17. A Proposal for the Use of Advance Directives in the Treatment of Incompetent Mentally Ill Persons.Dan W. Brock - 1993 - Bioethics 7 (2-3):247-256.
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  18. Advance Directives in Canada.Alister Browne & Bill Sullivan - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (3):256-260.
    Advance directives enable individuals to project their healthcare preferences into a period of anticipated incapacity. With advance directives, individuals can designate whom they would like to have make healthcare decisions for them, or give their healthcare provider advice on what to do, or both. Canada has an unusually wide variety of legislative approaches to advance directives. In what follows we describe and evaluate these, with the aim of pointing the way toward the ideally best legislation and policies on such directives.
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  19. Advance Directives and the Personal Identity Problem.Allen Buchanan - 1988 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (4):277-302.
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  20. Interactive Capacity, Decisional Capacity, and a Dilemma for Surrogates.Vanessa Carbonell - 2013 - AJOB Neuroscience 4 (4):36-37.
    In “Conscientious of the Conscious: Interactive Capacity as a Threshold Marker for Consciousness” (2013), Fischer and Truog argue that recent studies showing that some patients diagnosed as being in a vegetative state are in fact in a minimally conscious state raise various ethical questions for clinicians and family members. I argue that these findings raise a further ethical dilemma about how and whether to seek the involvement of the minimally conscious person herself in decisions about her care. There may be (...)
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  21. Sharing Death and Dying: Advance Directives, Autonomy and the Family.Ho Mun Chan - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (2):87–103.
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  22. Decision-Making in the Absence of Advance Directives : A Personal Story of Letting Go.Laura Crow - 2008 - In James L. Werth & Dean Blevins (eds.), Decision Making Near the End of Life: Issues, Development, and Future Directions. Brunner-Routledge.
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  23. The Texas Advance Directives Act of 1999: An Exercise in Futility?M. D. David M. Zientek - 2005 - HEC Forum 17 (4):245-259.
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  24. A Dead Proposal: Levi and Green on Advance Directives.Angus Dawson & Anthony Wrigley - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):23 – 24.
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  25. Advance Directives, Dementia, and 'The Someone Else Problem'.David Degrazia - 1999 - Bioethics 13 (5):373-391.
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  26. Reflection on Euthanasia: Western and African Ntomba Perspectives on the Death of a Chief.Louis-jacques Bogaert Deogratias Biembe Bikopvano - 2010 - Developing World Bioethics 10 (1):42-48.
    Largely, the concept of energy or vital force, as first analysed by Placide Tempels in Bantu Philosophy , permeates most African ontology systems, worldviews and life views. The Ntomba Chief is chosen because of his above average vital force. This puts him in the position of intermediary between the Supreme Being, the ancestors, and his subordinates. The waning of his energy is incompatible with his position because his energy is that of his tribe. When installed, he takes an oath that, (...)
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  27. Book Review: Making Sense of Advance Directives. [REVIEW]Evan G. DeRenzo - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 24 (2):156-157.
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  28. Advance Directives to Protect Embryos?K. Devolder - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (9):497-498.
    The continuing debate about the use of human embryonic stem cell researchThere is a growing consensus among scientists worldwide that embryonic stem cell research will lead to the development of therapies for common diseases or conditions that affect millions of people, including neurological disease or injury, diabetes, and myocardial infarction. HES cells are also valuable tools in understanding early human developmental processes, cell division and differentiation mechanisms, drug discovery and toxicity testing, and for developing models of human diseases. At the (...)
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  29. What Would Terri Want? : Advance Directive and the Psychological Challenges of Surrogate Decision Making.Peter H. Ditto - 2008 - In James L. Werth & Dean Blevins (eds.), Decision Making Near the End of Life: Issues, Development, and Future Directions. Brunner-Routledge.
  30. Advance Directives: A Computer Assisted Approach to Assuring Patients’ Rights and Compliance with PSDA and JCAHO Standards. [REVIEW]G. Don Murphy, Tom Schenkenberg, Jeff S. Hunter & Margaret P. Battin - 1997 - HEC Forum 9 (3):247-255.
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  31. A Multigenerational Study on the Correlation of Values and Advance Directives.David J. Doukas, Toni Antonucci & Daniel W. Gorenflo - 1992 - Ethics and Behavior 2 (1):51 – 59.
    The development of the Values History instrument for use in advance directive decision making has raised the question of the importance of values in eliciting advance directives. This pilot study examines the relationship between the domains of values and advance directives drawn from the Values History in three generation intrafamily triads. Significant correlations between values and advance directives were found primarily within the youngest generation. Results reveal a relatively high familiarity by the participants of the various established forms of advance (...)
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  32. Should the Late Stage Demented Be Punished for Past Crimes?Annette Dufner - 2013 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (1):137-150.
    The paper investigates whether it is plausible to hold the late stage demented criminally responsible for past actions. The concern is based on the fact that policy makers in the United States and in Britain are starting to wonder what to do with prison inmates in the later stages of dementia who do not remember their crimes anymore. The problem has to be expected to become more urgent as the population ages and the number of dementia patients increases. This paper (...)
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  33. Pt. IV. The End of Life. The Definition of Death / Stuart Youngner ; The Aging Society and the Expansion of Senility: Biotechnological and Treatment Goals / Stephen Post ; Death is a Punch in the Jaw: Life-Extension and its Discontents / Felicia Nimue Ackerman ; Precedent Autonomy, Advance Directives, and End-of-Life Care / John K. Davis ; Physician-Assisted Death: The State of the Debate. [REVIEW]Gerald Dworkin - 2007 - In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
  34. The Patient Self-Determination Act and Advance Directives: Snapshots of Activities in a Tertiary Health Care Center. [REVIEW]John D. Engel, Gregory Kane, Deborah L. Jones, Debra Lynn-McHale, Martha Swartz, Paul Durbin & Don Klingen - 1997 - Journal of Medical Humanities 18 (3):193-208.
    This study describes the results of a retrospective review of patients' charts who had an advanced directive (AD) and who were hospitalized in a tertiary, acute care teaching hospital. The purpose of the review was to understand from clinical, sociological, ethical and legal perspectives the nature and utility of ADs. Findings and implications of the review are discussed in terms of: patient demographics; diagnoses; quality of ADs; influence of ADs on clinical decisions; and legal aspects of ADs.
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  35. The Texas Advance Directives Act of 1999: Politics and Reality. [REVIEW]Robert L. Fine - 2001 - HEC Forum 13 (1):59-81.
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  36. Advance Directives Are the Solution to Dr Campbell's Problem for Voluntary Euthanasia.A. Flew - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (3):245-246.
    Dr Neil Campbell suggests that when patients suffering extremes of protracted pain ask for help to end their lives, their requests should be discounted as made under compulsion. I contend that the doctors concerned should be referred to and then act upon advance directives made by those patients when of sound and calm mind and afflicted by no such intolerable compulsion.
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  37. Les Directives Anticipées En France.V. Fournier & S. Trarieux - 2005 - Médecine Et Droit 2005 (74-75):146-148.
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  38. Advance Directives for Voluntary Euthanasia: A Volatile Combination?Leslie Pickering Francis - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (3):297-322.
    Defenders of patient autonomy have successfully supported the legal adoption of advance directives. More recently, some defenders of patient autonomy have also supported the legalization of voluntary active euthanasia. This paper explores the wisdom of combining both practices. If euthanasia were to become legal, should it be permitted by advance directives? The paper juxtaposes the most significant doubts about advance directives, with the most significant doubts about euthanasia. It argues that the doubts together raise more concern about the combined practices (...)
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  39. The Death Penalty and Victims' Rights: Legal Advance Directives. [REVIEW]Heather J. Gert - 1999 - Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (4):457-473.
  40. Research Into Emergency Treatments--Could the Offer of 'Advance Directives' Help?R. Gillon - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):291-292.
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  41. The Impact of Personal Identity on Advance Directives.Nada Gligorov & Christine Vitrano - 2011 - Journal of Value Inquiry 45 (2):147-158.
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  42. What Makes Suffering "Unbearable and Hopeless"? Advance Directives, Dementia and Disability.Sara Goering - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):62-63.
  43. Medicine & Well-Being.Daniel Groll - 2015 - In Guy Fletcher (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being. Routledge.
    The connections between medicine and well-being are myriad. This paper focuses on the place of well-being in clinical medicine. It is here that different views of well-being, and their connection to concepts like “autonomy” and “authenticity”, both illuminate and are illuminated by looking closely at the kinds of interactions that routinely take place between clinicians, patients, and family members. -/- In the first part of the paper, I explore the place of well-being in a paradigmatic clinical encounter, one where a (...)
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  44. Advance Directives in Turkey's Cultural Context: Examining the Potential Benefits for the Implementation of Patient Rights.Tolga Guven & Gurkan Sert - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (3):127-133.
    Advance directives are not a part of the healthcare service in Turkey. This may be related with the fact that paternalism is common among the healthcare professionals in the country, and patients are not yet integrated in the decision-making process adequately. However, starting from the enactment of the Regulation of Patient Rights in 1998, this situation started to change. While the paternalist tradition still appears to be strong in Turkey, the Ministry of Health has been taking concrete measures in the (...)
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  45. Advance Directives in Medicine.Chris Hackler, Ray Moseley & Dorothy E. Vawter (eds.) - 1989 - Praeger.
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  46. Advance Directives and the Severely Demented.Martin Harvey - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (1):47 – 64.
    Should advance directives (ADs) such as living wills be employed to direct the care of the severely demented? In considering this question, I focus primarily on the claims of Rebecca Dresser who objects in principle to the use of ADs in this context. Dresser has persuasively argued that ADs are both theoretically incoherent and ethically dangerous. She proceeds to advocate a Best Interest Standard as the best way for deciding when and how the demented ought to be treated. I put (...)
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  47. Respecting Autonomy in Difficult Medical Settings: A Questionnaire Study in Japan.Miki Hayashi, Chieko Hasui, Fusako Kitamura, Masaaki Murakami, Mika Takeuchi, Hisao Katoh & Toshinori Kitamura - 2000 - Ethics and Behavior 10 (1):51 – 63.
    Some people in Japan are still comfortable with the paternalistic role of doctors, but others wish that their own decisions would receive a greater amount of respect. A total of 747 students of universities and colleges and 114 parents of these students participated in a questionnaire survey. Most of the participants thought that autonomy should be respected in situations involving death with dignity and euthanasia, whereas it should not be respected in attempted suicide and involuntary admission of individuals with mental (...)
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  48. Ethics Committees Under Texas Law: Effects of the Texas Advance Directives Act. [REVIEW]Elizabeth Heitman & Virginia Gremillion - 2001 - HEC Forum 13 (1):82-104.
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  49. Beyond a Dworkinean View on Autonomy and Advance Directives in Dementia. Response to Open Peer Commentaries on "Would We Rather Lose Our Life Than Lose Our Self? Lessons From the Dutch Debate on Euthanasia for Patients With Dementia".Cees Hertogh, Marike de Boer, Rose-Marie Dröes & Jan Eefsting - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):4-6.
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  50. Hope for the Future: Achieving the Original Intent of Advance Directives.Susan E. Hickman, Bernard J. Hammes, Alvin H. Moss & Susan W. Tolle - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (6 Supplement):s26-s30.
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