About this topic
Summary Academic skepticism was one of the two major ancient skeptical traditions. The skeptical Academic movement arose out of both the epistemological debate between Academics and Stoics and the return to Socrates’ dialectical style of philosophizing. The skeptical phase of the Academy ranges from Arcesilaus (316/5–241/0 BC), through Carneades (214–129/8 BC) and his student Clitomachus (187–10 BC), to Philo of Larissa (159/8–84/3 BC), to name only the most important figures.
Key works Hankinson 1995 and Thorsrud 2009 offer detailed presentations of the skeptical phase of the Academy.
Introductions Machuca 2011
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  1. Academici E Platonici. Il Dibattito Antico Sullo Scetticismo di Platone, by Mauro Bonazzi.Francesca Alesse - 2007 - Ancient Philosophy 27 (2):425-429.
  2. Assent and Argument: Studies in Cicero's Academic Books . Proceedings of the 7th Symposium Hellenisticum. [REVIEW]Keimpe Algra, Myles Burnyeat, Miriam Griffin, Gisela Striker, Jaap Mansfeld, Brad Inwood & Jonathan Barnes (eds.) - 1997 - Brill.
    These ten essays on Cicero's Academic Books deal with various aspects of Academic scepticism, ancient epistemology, and the history of the Academy. The tradition from Socrates through to Galen is covered, with special emphasis on Carneades, Antiochus and, of course, Cicero himself.
  3. Philosophical Surveys I: A Survey of Work Dealing with Greek Philosophy From Thales to the Age of Cicero, 1945-1949, Part II. [REVIEW]D. J. Allan - 1951 - Philosophical Quarterly 1 (2):165-170.
  4. Philosophical Surveys, I: A Survey of Work Dealing with Greek Philosophy From Thales to the Age of Cicero, 1945-49.D. J. Allan - 1950 - Philosophical Quarterly 1 (1):61-72.
  5. Antiochus of Ascalon.James Allen - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  6. Carneades.James Allen - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  7. Études Sur les Philosophies Hellénistiques.James Allen - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (1):132-134.
  8. Academic Probabilism and Stoic Epistemology.James Allen - 1994 - Classical Quarterly 44 (1):85.
    Developments in the Academy from the time of Arcesilaus to that of Carneades and his successors tend to be classified under two heads: scepticism and probabilism. Carneades was principally responsible for the Academy's view of the latter subject, and our sources credit him with an elaborate discussion of it. The evidence furnished by those sources is, however, frequently confusing and sometimes self-contradictory. My aim in this paper is to extract a coherent account of Carneades' theory of probability from the testimony (...)
  9. Basic Concepts in Greek Sceptic Theories of Cognitions.D. Andriopoulos - 2006 - Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 17 (1-2).
  10. R.J. Hankinson: The Sceptics, (The Arguments of the Philosophers). London, New York: Routledge, 1995.J. Annas - 1996 - The Classical Review 46 (1):75-76.
  11. The Sceptics. [REVIEW]Julia Annas - 1996 - The Classical Review 46 (1):75-76.
  12. The Heirs of Socrates. [REVIEW]Julia Annas - 1988 - Phronesis 33 (1):100-112.
  13. Platon le sceptique.Julia Annas & Jacques Brunschwig - 1990 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 95 (2):267 - 291.
    The article discusses the sceptical New Academy's interpretation of Plato as a sceptic. The first part discusses Arcesilaus' reintroduction of Socratic method, and the reading of the Socratic dialogues and the Theaetetus implied by this. The second part discusses arguments probably used by the later, more moderate Academy for a reading of Plato's more dogmatic dialogues in a way consistent with scepticism.
  14. Stoics and Sceptics Stoics and Sceptics: Four Lectures Delivered in Oxford During Hilary Term, 1913, for the Common University Fund. By Edwyn Bevan, Sometime Scholar of the New College, Oxford. . Pp. 152. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1913. 4s. 6d. Net. [REVIEW]E. Vernon Arnold - 1914 - The Classical Review 28 (02):62-63.
  15. Review of H. Tarrant, Scepticism or Platonism? [REVIEW]J. Barnes - 1986 - Classical Review 36:75-77.
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  16. Against the Sceptics A. Haltenhoff: Kritik der akademischen Skepsis. Ein Kommentar zu Cicero , Lucullus 1–62 . (Studien zur klassischen Philologie 113.) Pp. 226. Berlin, etc.: Peter Lang, 1998. Paper, DM 29. ISBN: 3-631-33440-. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 2001 - The Classical Review 51 (01):46-.
  17. Hellenistic Philosophy. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1998 - The Classical Review 48 (2):355-356.
  18. A Big, Big D? Theodor Ebert: Dialektiker und frühe Stoiker bei Sextus Empiricus: Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Aussagenlogik. (Hypomnemata, 95.) Pp. 347. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1991. DM 85. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (02):304-306.
  19. Leo Groarke: Greek Scepticism: Anti-Realist Trends in Ancient Thought. (McGill-Queen's Studies in the History of Ideas.) Pp. Xv + 176. Montreal & Kingston, London and Buffalo: McGill–Queen's University Press, 1990. £33.20. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1991 - The Classical Review 41 (02):500-501.
  20. Antiochus of Ascalon.Jonathan Barnes - 1989 - In Miriam T. Griffin & Jonathan Barnes (eds.), Philosophia Togata: Essays on Philosophy and Roman Society. Oxford University Press.
  21. The Fourth Academy Harold Tarrant: Scepticism or Platonism? The Philosophy of the Fourth Academy. (Cambridge Classical Studies.) Pp. Ix+182. Cambridge University Press, 1985. £19.50. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1986 - The Classical Review 36 (01):75-77.
  22. Matter and Metaphysics Fourth Symposium Hellenisticum.Jonathan Barnes & Mario Mignucci - 1988
  23. Science and Speculation Studies in Hellenistic Theory and Practice /Edited by Jonathan Barnes ... [Et Al.]. --. --.Jonathan Barnes & France) Hellenistic Philosophy and Science Paris - 1982 - Cambridge University Press Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, 1982.
  24. Stoics, Epicureans and Sceptics.Sylvia Berryman - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (3):447-449.
  25. Euclid and the Sceptic: A Paper on Vision, Doubt, Geometry, Light and Drunkenness.Sylvia Berryman - 1998 - Phronesis 43 (2):176-196.
    Philosophy in the period immediately after Aristotle is sometimes thought to be marked by the decline of natural philosophy and philosophical disinterest in contemporary achievements in the sciences. But in one area at least, the early third century B.C.E. was a time of productive interaction between such disparate fields as epistemology, physics and geometry. Debates between the sceptics and the dogmatic philosophical schools focus on epistemological problems about the possibility of self-evident appearances, but there is evidence from Euclid's day of (...)
  26. Scepticism and Ethics.Richard Bett - 2010 - In Richard Arnot Home Bett (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Scepticism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 181.
  27. Passions and Perceptions: Studies in Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind. [REVIEW]Richard Bett - 1995 - Ancient Philosophy 15 (1):283-286.
  28. Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind.Richard Bett - 1994 - Ancient Philosophy 14 (1):192-200.
  29. Greek Scepticism.Richard Bett - 1993 - Ancient Philosophy 13 (1):243-252.
  30. Carneades' Distinction Between Assent and Approval.Richard Bett - 1990 - The Monist 73 (1):3-20.
  31. Carneades' Pithanon: A Reappraisal of its Role and Status'.Richard Bett - 1989 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 7:59-94.
  32. The Greek Sceptics. By Mary Mills Patrick, Ph.D., LL.D., Litt.D. Pp. Xxi + 339. New York: Columbia University Press, 1929. Cloth, $4.50, or 22s. 6d. (London: Milford). [REVIEW]E. R. Bevan - 1931 - The Classical Review 45 (01):45-46.
  33. Plutarch on the Difference Between the Pyrrhonists and the Academics.M. Bonazzi - 2012 - In Brad Inwood (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 43--271.
  34. Antiochus' Epistemology.C. Brittain - 2012 - In D. N. Sedley (ed.), The Philosophy of Antiochus. Cambridge University Press. pp. 104--30.
  35. Arcesilaus.Charles Brittain - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  36. Philo of Larissa.Charles Brittain - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  37. Philo of Larissa: The Last of the Academic Sceptics.Charles Brittain - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first book-length study of Philo , the principal philosophical teacher of Cicero. Charles Brittain reconstructs the Platonic Academy's gradual rejection of scepticism under Philo's leadership, which prepared the way for the revival of Platonism in the first century AD. The Appendix contains a full collection of the testimonia and 'fragments' of Philo.
  38. Passions & Perceptions: Studies in Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind: Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium Hellenisticum.Jacques Brunschwig & Martha Craven Nussbaum (eds.) - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    The philosophers of the Hellenistic schools in ancient Greece and Rome (Epicureans, Stoics, Sceptics, Academics, Cyrenaics) made important contributions to the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of psychology. This volume, which contains the proceedings of the Fifth Symposium Hellenisticum, describes and analyses their contributions on issues such as: the nature of perception, imagination and belief; the nature of the passions and their role in action; the relationship between mind and body; freedom and determinism; the role of pleasure as a (...)
  39. 6 Hellenistic Philosophy.Jacques Brunschwig & David Sedley - 2003 - In D. N. Sedley (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 151.
    No categories
  40. Philosophic Method in Cicero.Michael J. Buckley - 1970 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 8 (2):143-154.
  41. The Original Sceptics: A Controversy.Myles Burnyeat & Michael Frede - 1997 - Hackett.
    These five essays began a debate about the nature and scope of ancient scepticism which has transformed our understanding of what scepticism originally was. Together they provide a vigorous and highly stimulating introduction to the thought of the original sceptics, and shed new light on its relation to sceptical arguments in modern philosophy.
  42. Papers in Hellenistic Philosophy.John Bussanich - 1995 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (2):405-406.
  43. Les Sceptiques Grees Les Sceptiques Grees, Beochaed Par Victor. Paris, F. Alcan. 1887. 8 Frs.Lewis Campbell - 1888 - The Classical Review 2 (04):111-113.
  44. (M.) Bonazzi Academici e Platonici. II dibattito antico sullo scetticismo di Platone. (II Filarete: Pubblicazioni della Facoltà di lettere e filosofia dell'Università degli Studi di Milano 213). Milan: LED, 2003. Pp. 284. €24.50. 8879162195. [REVIEW]Luca Castagnoli - 2006 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 126:214-215.
  45. Academica. Cicero - unknown
  46. The Nature of the Gods. Cicero - 1997 - Clarendon Press.
    Cicero's philosophical works are now exciting renewed interest and more generous appreciation, in part because he provides vital evidence of the views of the (largely lost) Greek philosophers of the Hellenistic age, and partly because of the light he casts on the intellectual life of first-century Rome. Hellenistic philosophy has in recent years atrracted growing interest from academic philosophers in Europe and North America. The Nature of the Gods is a document of central significance in this area, for it presents (...)
  47. Cicero, de Finibus. Books I. And II. By J. S. Reid, Litt.D. Cambridge, 1925.Albert C. Clark - 1926 - The Classical Review 40 (04):130-132.
  48. Cicero's De Natura Deorum.M. L. Clarke - 1960 - The Classical Review 10 (02):130-.
  49. Cicero's De Natura Deorum Arthur Stanley Pease: M. Tulli Ciceronis De Natura Deorum Libri Secundus Et Tertius. Pp. 720. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press (London, Oxford University Press), 1958. Cloth, 140s. Net. [REVIEW]M. L. Clarke - 1960 - The Classical Review 10 (02):130-131.
  50. Cicero's De Natura Deorum Arthur Stanley Pease: M. Tulli Ciceronis De Natura Deorum Liber Primus. Pp. Viii + 537. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press (London: Oxford University Press), 1955. Cloth, 120s. Net. [REVIEW]M. L. Clarke - 1957 - The Classical Review 7 (3-4):220-223.
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