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Summary Adam Smith (1723-1790) is one of the key philosophical figures of the Scottish Enlightenment. Best known for his An Inquiry of into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776), considered the first work in modern political economy, his philosophical contribution lies mainly with his Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759). Here he develops a sentimentalist view of moral judgment as based on sympathy, and which includes the central regulative concept of an impartial spectator - a notion that much subsequent moral philosophy will build on (or critically oppose). The main issues covered in the category, besides editions of Smith's works, relate mainly to (1) the relation between his economical theory and his moral philosophy (known as the "Adam Smith problem"); (2) scholarly work on his moral philosophy, and its relation to other major figures such as David Hume, on whom Smith heavily draws but also crucially differs from.
Key works Some editions of Smith's main works: Smith 2002 (1759), Smith 1976 (1776), Smith 1978. For a classical 20th century meta-ethical reprisal (with significant differences) of Smith's impartial spectator, see Firth 1951. In recent years Smith's philosophy has received a great deal of attention. Key scholarly works include: Raphael 2007, a well-rounded exposition of Smith's moral philosophy; Montes 2003, centering on the notion of sympathy and Smith's methodology. Still relevant is Haakonssen 1981, an extended comparison between Smith and Hume on justice. On the 'Adam Smith problem', key works are Otteson 2002 and Fleischacker 2004: both originally and exhaustively connect Smith's economical theory with his moral philosophy and psychology.
Introductions On Smith's moral and political philosophy Fleischacker 2013 is a good starting point. Depending on focus, various essays contained in Brown & Fleischacker 2010 and in Berry et al 2013 can provide comprehensive guidance on different aspects of Smith's work, his context, and his influence.
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  1. Rashid on Adam Smith: In Need of Proof.James Cw Ahiakpor - 1992 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 10 (2):171-80.
    Salim Rashid purports to have established some facts about Adam Smith's scholarship, significant among which are Smith's plagiarism, the poor quality of Smith's arguments or ideas compared with those of his predecessors or contemporaries, and Smith's inconsistent arguments regarding laissez faire. Alas, Rashid's case is faulty, as well as often misleading and vexatious. This comment is an attempt to draw the requisite evidence from Rashid, if he indeed has such evidence, to back up his case, and to advance the scholarship (...)
  2. Nature and Morality in Adam Smith's Theory of Moral Sentiments.Abdullah Onur Aktaş - 2015 - Philosophical Inquiry 39 (2):105-109.
  3. De Dicto Moral Desires and the Moral Sentiments: Adam Smith on the Role of De Dicto Moral Desires in the Virtuous Agent.Archer Alfred - 2016 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 33 (4):327-346.
    What role should a motivation to do the right thing, read de dicto, play in the life of a virtuous agent? According to a prominent argument from Michael Smith, those who are only motivated by such a desire are moral fetishists. Since Smith’s argument, a number of philosophers have examined what role this desire would play in the life of the morally virtuous agent. My primary aim in this paper is an historical one. I will show that much of this (...)
  4. Smith's The Felt Meanings of the World and the Pure Appreciation of Being Simpliciter.Chad Allen - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Research 21:69-80.
    In The Felt Meanings of the World, Quentin Smith lays the groundwork for a metaphysical worldview that is meant to stand as an alternative to nihilism. Smith finds fault with nihilism inasmuch as it fails to account for the possibility that faculties other than reason, namely feelings or intuition, may be the source of important metaphysical insight. From this observation, Smith builds his “metaphysics of feeling,” which is not concemed with rational explanations of the world’s existence, but rather with the (...)
  5. Smith, Pritchard, and the Moral Sentiment of Global Joy.Chad Allen - 1995 - Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 17:29-38.
  6. V. E. Smith. Philosophical Physics. [REVIEW]Rudolf Allers - 1951 - The Thomist 14:277.
  7. When the Man Became Adam.Mony Almalech - unknown
  8. De Republica Anglorum: A Discourse on the Commonwealth of England.L. Alston (ed.) - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Sir Thomas Smith was a humanist scholar, colonialist and diplomat, and also held a prominent position in the court of Queen Elizabeth. First published in 1906, this book contains the original 1583 text of De republica Anglorum, Smith's pioneering study of the English social, judicial and political systems. The work was written from 1562 to 1565, when Smith was Elizabeth's ambassador to France. This edition contains an editorial introduction and appendices, including information on manuscripts and versions of the text after (...)
  9. The 'New View' of Adam Smith and the Development of His Views Over Time.James E. Alvey - 2007 - In Geoff Cockfield, Ann Firth & John Laurent (eds.), New Perspectives on Adam Smith's the Theory of Moral Sentiments. E. Elgar.
  10. Adam Smith: History and Poetics.Michael C. Amrozowicz - 2013 - In Christopher J. Berry, Maria Pia Paganelli & Craig Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Adam Smith. Oxford University Press. pp. 143.
    This chapter will examine Smith’s views on poetics with particular attention to their relationship to his broader social theoretical concerns with conjectural history. I argue that history and poetics cannot be clearly separated in Smith’s system, and therefore that Smith’s poetics must be approached through his understanding of history and historiography and their reliance on fact as he conceives it as part of the science of man. Poetry becomes an interesting anomaly within this system in that Smith harbours some anxiety (...)
  11. Adam Smith, Justice, and the System of Natural Liberty.Gary Anderson - 1997 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 13 (1):1-20.
  12. Lorenzino De' Medici, Apología.Federico Andrade Marambio - 2014 - Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 40 (2):251-253.
    Algunos autores han sostenido que es posible que en el pasaje de la mano invisible, en La teoría de los sentimientos morales, Smith esté contestando a Rousseau. Esta hipótesis se basa en una fraseología similar que usan tanto Smith como Rousseau en el Discurso sobre el origen de la desigualdad. En esta nota se mostrará que es posible realizar una distinción importante con relación al período histórico que Smith está analizando en el pasaje de la mano invisible de TSM IV: (...)
  13. Adam Smith and the Separation Thesis.Andrew Abela - 2001 - Business and Society Review 106 (3):187-199.
  14. Adam Smith’s Natural Prices, the Gravitation Metaphor, and the Purposes of Nature.David Andrews - 2014 - Economic Thought (1):42.
    Adam Smith’s ‘natural price’ has long been interpreted as a ‘normal price’ or ‘centre of gravitation price’ based on the famous gravitation metaphor of the Wealth of Nations I.vii, natural in the sense that it is the price that would … More ›.
  15. Interview with Adam Michnik.Andrew Arato - 1995 - Constellations 2 (1):4-11.
  16. Ética, Economia E Justiça: A Escolha Social No Pensamento de Sen E Smith.Luiz Bernardo Leite Araujo & Fábio dos Santos Creder - 2013 - Doispontos 10 (1).
    This article aims to examine Adam Smith’s deep and broad influence on the thought of Amartya Sen, especially concerning the issue of social justice that pervades the writings of both authors. First, we will analyze Sen’s revision of the work of Smith to refute the interpretation still prevalent, that makes use of certain excerpts from The Wealth of Nations as the main reference in defending the deregulation of markets and in exempting the economic thought from any consideration of moral values, (...)
  17. Adam Smith's Science of Morals.Pall S. Ardal & T. D. Campbell - 1973 - Philosophical Review 82 (4):542.
  18. The Theory of Education in the Political Philosophy of Adam Smith.Charles Flinn Arrowood - 1946 - Journal of Philosophy 43 (16):447-447.
  19. On the Origins of Classical Economics: Distribution and Value From William Petty to Adam Smith.Tony Aspromourgos - 2011 - Routledge.
    First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
  20. On the Origins of Classical Economics: Distribution and Value From William Petty to Adam Smith.Tony Aspromourgos - 1995 - Routledge.
    Examines the origin and early development of the classical theory of distribution up to 1767, stressing the concept of economic `surplus' as a key determinant of economic phenomena.
  21. Adam Smith on Labour and Capital.Tony Aspromouroos - 2013 - In Christopher J. Berry, Maria Pia Paganelli & Craig Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Adam Smith. Oxford University Press.
    In its most fundamental, constructive parts devoted to descriptive theory, The Wealth of Nations is first and foremost an account of the causes of economic growth and development. Smith’s theory of economic development gives primary place, at least as the proximate determinants of development, to labour productivity growth and capital accumulation. This chapter examines successively, under six heads, the key dimensions of Smith’s treatment of labour and capital, and the relations between the two, both in The Wealth of Nations and (...)
  22. Yam Ha-Adam.Gad Assouline - 1996 - Hotsa at Ramot - Universitat Tel Aviv.
  23. G. Adam Smith, The Book of Isaiah, Vols. I. And Ii., New Edition. [REVIEW]H. J. D. Astley - 1928 - Hibbert Journal 27:179.
  24. H. Preserved Smith, Essays in Biblical Interpretation. [REVIEW]H. J. Dukinfield Astley - 1922 - Hibbert Journal 21:412.
  25. J. Powis Smith, The Religion of the Psalms. [REVIEW]H. J. Dukinfield Astley - 1922 - Hibbert Journal 21:621.
  26. The Chronicle of Adam of Usk, 1377-1421. [REVIEW]Lorraine Attreed - 1998 - The Medieval Review 6.
  27. The Crusades: A Short History. Jonathan Riley-Smith.Reuven S. Avi-Yonah - 1989 - Speculum 64 (3):763-764.
  28. Adam Smith Speaks to Our Times.C. E. B. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):303-303.
  29. Marx, Karl and Smith, Adam, Critical Observations on the Critique of Political-Economy.Kg Ballestrem - 1984 - Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 13 (2):141-162.
  30. The Moon Before the Dawn : A Seventeenth Century Precursor of Smith's the Theory of Moral Sentiments.Jack Barbalet - 2007 - In Geoff Cockfield, Ann Firth & John Laurent (eds.), New Perspectives on Adam Smith's the Theory of Moral Sentiments. E. Elgar. pp. 84--105.
  31. James Adam, The Vitality of Platonism. [REVIEW]G. F. Barbour - 1911 - Hibbert Journal 10:501.
  32. Bernard Smith, Cold Warrior.Heather Barker & Charles Green - 2005 - Thesis Eleven 82 (1):38-53.
    Bernard Smith’s canonical book, Australian Painting, 1788-1960, was shaped by the Cold War. This forced the emerging discipline of Australian art history onto a trajectory that would not be shaken for another two decades. More than art history determined Smith’s innovations. This article proceeds from that obvious but easily overlooked point, that Smith and his book were deeply conditioned by the intellectual climate of Cold War Australia. The appearance of Smith’s book and, henceforth, Australian art history’s concerns with postcoloniality and (...)
  33. Comment on Smith.Randy Barnett - 1979 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 3 (4):427-431.
  34. Adam Smith and the Ethics of Contemporary Capitalism.G. R. Bassiry & Marc Jones - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (8):621 - 627.
    This paper presents a theoretical elaboration of the ethical framework of classical capitalism as formulated by Adam Smith in reaction to the dominant mercantilism of his day. It is seen that Smith's project was profoundly ethical and designed to emancipate the consumer from a producer and state dominated economy. Over time, however, the various dysfunctions of a capitalist economy — e.g., concentration of wealth, market power — became manifest and the utilitarian ethical basis of the system eroded. Contemporary capitalism, dominated (...)
  35. Bernard Smith The Quality of Marxism.Peter Beilharz - 2013 - Thesis Eleven 114 (1):94-102.
    Bernard Smith (1916–2011) was a giant on the Australian intellectual scene, and a major analyst of and contributor to the processes of cultural traffic between the antipodes and the centres of the world system. He was a lifelong Marxist, or historical materialist. Yet his scholarship also wore an open weave. Was he then a Marxist in politics? This essay argues that his historicism placed his thinking firmly with the owl of Minerva, rather than in the driver’s seat of history. Marxism, (...)
  36. Bernard Smith.Peter Beilharz - 1999 - In Ernest Cashmore & Chris Rojek (eds.), Dictionary of Cultural Theorists. Oxford University Press. pp. 433--4.
  37. Arístotle and Adam Smith on Justice: Cooperation Between Ancients and Modems?Lawrence Bems - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 48.
  38. Aristotle and Adam Smith on Justice: Cooperation Between Ancients and Moderns?Laurence Berns - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 48 (1):71 - 90.
  39. Adam Smith and Early-Modern Thought.Christopher I. Berry - 2013 - In Christopher J. Berry, Maria Pia Paganelli & Craig Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Adam Smith. Oxford University Press. pp. 77.
  40. Smith and Science.Christopher J. Berry - 2006 - In Knud Haakonssen (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Adam Smith. Cambridge University Press.
  41. :Adam Smith's Marketplace of Life.Christopher J. Berry - 2003 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 1 (2):184-187.
  42. Peter Jones and Andrew S. Skinner, Eds., Adam Smith Reviewed, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1992. Pp. Xii + 251. John J. Jenkins, Understanding Hume, Ed. Peter Lewis and Geoffrey Madell, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1992, Pp. 215. [REVIEW]Christopher J. Berry - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (1):155.
  43. The Oxford Handbook of Adam Smith.Christopher J. Berry, Maria Pia Paganelli & Craig Smith (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Preface Introduction Christopher J. Berry: Adam Smith: Outline of Life, Times, and Legacy Part One: Adam Smith: Heritage and Contemporaries 1: Nicholas Phillipson: Adam Smith: A Biographer's Reflections 2: Leonidas Montes: Newtonianism and Adam Smith 3: Dennis C. Rasmussen: Adam Smith and Rousseau: Enlightenment and counter-Enlightenment 4: Christopher J. Berry: Adam Smith and Early Modern Thought Part Two: Adam Smith on Language, Art and Culture 5: Catherine Labio: Adam Smith's Aesthetics 6: James Chandler: Adam Smith as Critic 7: Michael C. (...)
  44. A Third Concept of Liberty: Judgement and Freedom in Kant and Adam Smith. By Samuel Fleischacker. [REVIEW]M. Bevir - 2001 - The European Legacy 6 (5):659-659.
  45. Fraternity From Smith to Tawney.Colin Bird - manuscript
  46. Samuel Fleischacker, On Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations: A Philosophical Companion.J. D. Bishop - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26 (1):30.
  47. Adam Smith's Invisible Hand Argument.John D. Bishop - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (3):165 - 180.
    Adam Smith is usually thought to argue that the result of everyone pursuing their own interests will be the maximization of the interests of society. The invisible hand of the free market will transform the individual''s pursuit of gain into the general utility of society. This is the invisible hand argument.Many people, although Smith did not, draw a moral corollary from this argument, and use it to defend the moral acceptability of pursuing one''s own self-interest.
  48. James Smith, Thinking in Tongues: Pentecostal Contributions to Christian Philosophy.S. Bishop - 2011 - Philosophia Reformata 76 (1):160.
  49. "The Problem of Life: An Essay in the Origins of Biological Thought," by C. U. M. Smith.Richard J. Blackwell - 1977 - Modern Schoolman 55 (1):119-120.
  50. Adam Smith jako filozof nauki.Mogens Blegvad - 1986 - Studia Filozoficzne 251 (10).
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